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Surgery Journal

Martijn S Marsman, Denise M D Özdemir-van Brunschot, Abdelkarime Kh Jahrome, Nic J G M Veeger, Wouter J Schuiling, Frank G van Rooij, Giel G Koning
Introduction  In the Netherlands, clopidogrel monotherapy increasingly replaces acetylsalicylic acid and extended release dipyridamole as the first-choice antiplatelet therapy after ischemic stroke. It is unknown whether the risk of peri- and postoperative hemorrhage in carotid artery surgery is higher in patients using clopidogrel monotherapy compared with acetylsalicylic acid and extended release dipyridamole. We therefore retrospectively compared occurrence of perioperative major and (clinical relevant) minor bleedings during and after carotid endarterectomy of two groups using different types of platelet aggregation inhibition after changing our daily practice protocol in our center...
October 2018: Surgery Journal
Jose Couceiro, Marta de Prado, Guillermo Menendez, Zaira Manteiga
Deep soft tissue injuries around the thumb can severely hinder hand function if not treated correctly. Many different surgical options have been described for the treatment of these serious lesions, including microsurgical flaps, such as toe to hand flaps, local flaps, and distant pedicled flaps. The first dorsal metacarpal artery family of flaps belongs to this last category. These flaps can be performed in different ways, as a racquet, as an island flap, and as a bilobed flap including the second metacarpal artery, among others...
October 2018: The surgery journal
Murat Oncel, Huseyin Yildiran, Guven Sadi Sunam
Cyst hydatid in the lung is still a health problem for many countries. It develops in the lung and can grow into the lung parenchyma. When it is diagnosed as a giant cyst, surgery should be performed. In the surgery, capitonnage is necessary to protect the lung parenchyma.
October 2018: The surgery journal
Nasir Zaheer Ahmad, Samuel Stefan, Vidhi Adukia, Syed Abul Hassan Naqvi, Jim Khan
Aims  Rectal prolapse is a debilitating and unpleasant condition adversely affecting the quality of life. Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) is recognized as one of the treatment options. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes after a standardized LVMR. Methods  A cohort of patients who underwent LVMR from 2011 to 2015 were contacted and asked to fill questionnaires about their symptoms before and after the surgery. Three questionnaires based on measurement of Wexner fecal incontinence (WFI), obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS), and Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptom (BBUS) scores were used to assess the changes in postoperative functional outcomes...
October 2018: Surgery Journal
Khalil Jawad, Tamer Owais, Stefan Feder, Sven Lehmann, Martin Misfeld, Jens Garbade, Michael Borger
Objective  The decision to operate cardiac tumors is an issue of balancing surgical outcome and survival with quality of life (QOL). We report our single-center experience in managing primary cardiac tumors between 1994 and 2014. Methods and Results  In this study, 269 patients were subjected to our standardized operative protocols, preoperative preparations, postoperative follow-up, and consents of participation. Demographic and preoperative/intraoperative/postoperative variables were collected with focus on long-term follow-up and survival...
October 2018: Surgery Journal
Huay Shan Yuen, Gerald Henner Rix, Soumadri Sen, Venkata Ramana Murthy Kusuma
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the ureter are rare, with less than 40 cases described in the literature. A majority of tumors described are poorly differentiated tumors with a poor prognosis. We present the case of a moderately differentiated atypical carcinoid NET of the ureter with a good postoperative outcome. A literature review was also performed to identify similar cases to compare their management and postoperative outcomes.
October 2018: Surgery Journal
Hassan Alanazi, Mousa Alahmari, Musaab Abdullah Hashem, Muath Alqahtani, Abdulaziz Alanazi, Bashir Alenazi
We report a unique wrong implant error during bilateral total knee replacement procedure in 72-year-old woman with bilateral knee osteoarthritis that failed conservative treatment. Patient has severe bilateral knee pain. Examination showed full range of motion. X-ray showed severe bilateral tricompartmental osteoarthritis. Patient underwent surgery in 2013; postoperative radiographs showed well-fixed femoral, tibial, and patellar components but right femoral implant was placed in the left knee. Postoperative examination showed painless full range of motion...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Mahmoud M Taha, Amr AlBakry, Magdy ElSheikh, Tarek H AbdelBary
Schwannomas are benign tumors, which arise from the Schwann cells of the central or peripheral nerves. They form 8% of all intracranial tumors and most of the cases arise from vestibular division of the 8 th cranial nerve. Rare cases are shown to arise from the olfactory or optic nerve, being devoid of myelin sheath. Up to date and according to our best of knowledge, 66 cases have been reported till now. Here we present a review of the literature and a case report of a 56-year-old male with an accidently discovered anterior cranial fossa schwannoma, following a road traffic accident...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Steffen Sauer, Mark Clatworthy
Background  Increased tibial slope has been shown to be associated with higher anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction failure rate. Little is known about the correlation of tibial slope and anterior tibial translation in ACL deficient and reconstructed knees as well as the correlation of tibial slope and ACL reconstruction outcome. Purpose/Hypothesis  The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of tibial slope with anterior tibial translation and ACL reconstruction outcome. It is hypothesized that increased medial tibial slope is associated with increased anterior tibial translation in the ACL deficient knee...
July 2018: The surgery journal
Steffen Sauer, Robert English, Mark Clatworthy
Background  A growing body of research is indicating that the tibial slope and the geometry of the tibiofemoral meniscal-cartilage interface may affect the risk of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) failure. Increased lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS) and reduced meniscal bone angle (MBA) are associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The significance of a LTPS-MBA ratio regarding the prediction of ACL failure risk remains unknown. As LTPS and MBA may eventually potentiate or neutralize each other, it is expected that a low LTPS-MBA ratio is associated with high chance of ACL graft survival while a high LTPS-MBA ratio is associated with high risk of ACL failure...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Sarah Armenia, Loka Thangamathesvaran, Akia D Caine, Neil King, Anastasia Kunac, Aziz M Merchant
Introduction  High-fidelity team-based simulation has been identified as an effective way of teaching and evaluating both technical and nontechnical skills. Several studies have described the benefits of this modality in a variety of acute care settings, but a lack of standardized methodologies has resulted in heterogeneous findings. Few studies have characterized high fidelity simulation across a broad range of acute care settings and integrated the latest evidence on its educational and patient impact. Methods  The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO databases were searched for empirical studies from the last 10 years, investigating high fidelity team-based simulation in surgical, trauma, and critical care training curricula...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
María Fernández-Ibieta
Case Report  An 11-month-old female infant presented on the first postoperative (PO) day following an elective pyeloplasty, a dark bluish erythema of her lumbotomy wound, plus a satellite lesion of the same characteristics. Fever and sepsis developed, and despite broad spectrum antibiotics (meropenem and vancomycin) were started, a diagnosis of necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI or necrotizing fasciitis) was established. Surgical debridement of both lesions was performed on day 3 PO, and a surgical contamination (ring retractor blade) was suspected, due to the particular geography of the lesion...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
John Mathew Manipadam, Lekha V, Vamsi Syamprasad, Ramesh H
Laparoscopic repair of a right paraduodenal hernia has been described sparingly in literature. We present an account of how we laparoscopically repaired a right paraduodenal hernia along with a review of the current literature as regards the various techniques that have been attempted. With the patient in supine position, and with umbilical camera port and three 5 mm ports, we mobilized the cecum and ascending colon up to the third part of the duodenum, thereby widening the neck of the hernia sac in the Waldeyer fossa...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Jakob K Köstenbauer
Aim  Current literature emphasizes the effectiveness of computed tomography (CT) and water-soluble contrast agent, Gastrografin, in the investigation of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO). As there is no management protocol for ASBO at our institution, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of imaging methods-CT, Gastrografin challenge (GC), or plain-film X-ray-on patient outcomes in a clinical setting. Methods  All 163 emergency presentations of ASBO during the study period between December 2010 and September 2012 were collected retrospectively...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Akram H Aljahdali, James J Murphy
Introduction  Liver injury is common among pediatric abdominal trauma. Nonoperative management is the standard of care in isolated stable liver injuries. Bile leak is not an uncommon complication in moderate- and high-grade injuries. Case series  Three pediatric patients (age: 10-15 years) suffered grade IV liver injuries secondary to blunt abdominal trauma. All developed significant bile leak treated nonoperatively with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and patients 1 and 2 were treated with bile duct stent alone...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Dylan A Mistry, Amit Chandratreya, Paul Y F Lee
Background  The incidence of osteoarthritis is increasing and it is one of the most common causes of chronic conditions. Total knee replacement is the mainstay of treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis; however, with long waiting lists and high levels of dissatisfaction, a treatment like knee braces could potentially delay surgery. Unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis is associated with misalignment of the knee, and unloader bracing has been recommended by various guidelines to correct this misalignment...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Paolo Castelnuovo, Giacomo Fiacchini, Francesca Romana Fiorini, Iacopo Dallan
Orbital lesions are traditionally managed through external approaches when laterally located, and through a transnasal approach or other external approaches when medially located. However, when the lesion is superomedially located, it may determine a technical challenge. In this study, we present the case of a patient with a superomedial intraconal venous malformation of the left eye. We addressed the mass through a combined approach, using the transnasal route as the main approach, and the superior eyelid approach to push down the lesion to facilitate the excision...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Eric Donn, Ian Atkinson, Andrew McCague
Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is an uncommon form of acute cholecystitis which can be rapidly fatal. It may be hard to detect as it frequently presents with symptoms found in other, more common diagnoses. We report the case of a 63 year old man recently started on anticoagulation for deep vein thrombosis who was found to have hemorrhagic cholecystitis.
April 2018: Surgery Journal
Eline Huizing, Cornelis G Vos, Robin G Hulsebos, Peter J van den Akker, Gert Jan de Borst, Çağdaş Ünlü
Objectives  Guidelines recommend routine patching to prevent restenosis following carotid endarterectomy, mainly based on studies performed many years ago with different perioperative care and medical treatment compared with current standards. Aim of the present study was to compare primary closure (PRC) versus patch closure (PAC) in a contemporary cohort of patients. Methods  Consecutive patients treated by carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic stenosis between January 2006 and April 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
April 2018: Surgery Journal
Shinichiro Teramoto, Akira Tsunoda, Kaito Kawamura, Natsuki Sugiyama, Rikizo Saito, Chikashi Maruki
A 70-year-old man, who had previously undergone surgical resection of left parasagittal meningioma involving the middle third of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) two times, presented with recurrence of the tumor. We performed removal of the tumor combined with SSS resection as Simpson grade II. After tumor removal, since a left dominant bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) appeared, it was treated by burr hole surgery. However, because the CSDH rapidly and repeatedly recurred and eventually changed to acute subdural hematoma, elimination of the hematoma with craniotomy was accomplished...
April 2018: Surgery Journal
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