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Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing

Anne Marks, Nathan J Wilson, Stacy Blythe, Christine Johnston
The number of early primary school (EPS) children (aged 4-8 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rises each year. Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) can be challenging for these children, as adult support may not be available in the school setting. Diabetes educators (DEs) working in the health system facilitate school diabetes care, which can be time-consuming given the large numbers of children with diabetes. These factors are potential barriers for IIT use in the EPS setting. To explore the experiences of Australian DEs who facilitate IIT use in the EPS setting, a qualitative, narrative inquiry method was used to conduct semi-structured telephone interviews with Australian DEs (n = 13) between December 2014 and June 2016...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Naomi Matsumori
The Japanese nursing education system only requires a general nursing qualification. After graduation, many Japanese nurses work within pediatric departments where they receive specialized training in pediatric care. An intervention program for promoting ethical nursing practices among patients and their families was implemented for pediatric nurses with 0-5 years pediatric nursing experience. The objective of this study was to clarify changes in nurses' recognition and behaviors, as well as the intervention's post-initiation durability...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Edward Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor and Editor-in-Chief Edward Alan Glasper discusses why children's nurses must fully adopt the duty of candour in care delivery, which in some countries is a legal obligation, to ensure that consumers of healthcare and their families are apologized to, and communicated with, openly and honestly when things have gone wrong in their care.
May 1, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Tsuyoshi Asari
The present study aimed to clarify expressive behaviors demonstrating "well done" in young children aged 3-7 years who were undergoing blood sampling or vaccination, as these behaviors were perceived by parents and nurses in Japan. This study applied a qualitative descriptive design using a retrospective recall approach. Data obtained from semi-structured interviews conducted with 14 parents and 15 nurses were divided into meaning units, each containing a complete expressive behavior demonstrating "well done...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Tracey Redwood, Sarah Neill, Sarah Church, Melinda Spencer
Effective assessment tools are an essential element of early identification of problems, enabling early intervention in the first two or so years of life. This article reports on the development and evaluation of a Universal Assessment Tool for Early Help in Early Years. The project aim was to develop, pilot and evaluate a new universal assessment tool named "My Family Profile" for use within Northamptonshire, United Kingdom, from pregnancy until a child reaches 2/2.5 years of age. A flowchart demonstrates the stages of the process including how each step contributed toward the tool and end report (Neill et al...
April 9, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Kelly Pretorius, Lynn Rew
Sudden unexplained death in infancy, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), is a global public health challenge. Despite public health campaigns and efforts, SIDS remains the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in many developed countries. In this article, we review SIDS, describe nursing's unique professional position in addressing this problem, and explore how the principles of social justice can inform nursing's response. Motivated by nursing's ethical and moral obligations, the profession is called to take an active role in educating others regarding this phenomenon, to participate in research, and to develop or advocate for policy that aims to reduce the incidence of SIDS on an international scale...
April 4, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Linda Shields
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Suja Karkada, Sharmila Upadhya, Subramanya Upadhya, Gopalakrishna Bhat
Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls...
March 29, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Intima Alrimawi, Carol Hall, Michael Craig Watson
Unintentional injuries are a growing global public health problem that causes mortality, morbidity, and disability among children. These injuries are common among under-fives and form a significant burden on healthcare systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Nurses and doctors have a major role to play in the prevention of home injuries, as expressed in many international reports. In Palestine, there is a paucity of research in this area. Therefore, this study aims to explore nurses' and doctors' perceptions and practices regarding the prevention of home injuries among children aged under-five years...
March 26, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Gigi Thompson Thomas, Maureen Reni Courtney
The significant trend of the obesity epidemic leading to treatment of expensive, lifelong illnesses, especially among Hispanic children, confirms the need for efforts to increase provider adherence to clinical guidelines. This Quality Improvement Project was designed to examine how a practice intervention influenced provider adherence to childhood obesity guidelines among Hispanic children. The practice intervention, based on a unique practice model, consisted of provider awareness, provider involvement, and collaborative support by the researcher...
March 9, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Katarzyna Marshall, Halley Martin, Kim Siarkowski Amer
Friends can provide encouragement and support during stressful times. Friends are even more important for children coping with chronic illness such as adolescents managing insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Nurses need to recognize that the knowledge and care of both the children coping with diabetes and friends can be critical. This study explored perceptions of adolescents managing diabetes and their peers. The non-affected peers and adolescents with IDDM ranged in age between 15-18 were studied using an exploratory qualitative method...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nicholas Medforth, Kath Rooksby
Involvement of service users in the delivery and development of services by providing unique feedback on their own experiences is a well-established feature of continuing improvement and quality enhancement. The Friends and Family Test (FFT) is a tool that supports the fundamental principle that people who use NHS services should have the opportunity to provide feedback on their experience, however children and young people are a group of key stakeholders whose voice has not been routinely sought. This article summarises the evaluation of a pilot project which aimed to implement and test the utility of a children and young people friendly version of the FFT in general and dental practices with a view to making it more widely available in the future...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Edward Alan Glasper
Editor-in-chief emeritus professor Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses how children's and young people's nurses can improve the rates of organ donation for children in need of transplants.
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Wendy McInally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nichole Erin Hickman, Gina Schaar
Health care providers need to develop improved methods of educating adolescents. This study was developed to evaluate adolescents' responses to and satisfaction with an educational text message intervention to promote healthy behaviors, reduce the incidence of unhealthy behaviors, and prevent high-risk behaviors. Adolescent participants received weekly text messages regarding high-risk sexual behaviors, healthy dietary habits, exercise, drug, or alcohol use, and social issues. Results indicate adolescents learned something new, made a behavioral change, and overall liked the delivery of educational information via text message...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Narae Kang, Jieun Lee, Dong-Ho Park, Soo-Kyung Lee, So-Young Nam, Sanghyun Lee, Mincheol Kim, Heesook Kang, Euiyeon Kim, Misoon Kim, Min Sohn
Data about Asian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes are sparse. This study's objectives were to describe blood glucose (BG) levels and related factors at a camp for Korean children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. This descriptive study was conducted January 8-10, 2015. The participants, 24 children and adolescents, were recruited for a 3-day residential diabetes camp. Data on 24 campers were analyzed. Their mean age was 13.4 (± 1.7) years; 44.4% were boys, and mean HgbA1c was 8.5% (± 1.4%)...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Alison F Pittman
The influence of peers is widely held as a significant factor in child and adolescent development. As health care providers seek ways to improve the health of children and adolescents, peer pressure must be examined. This article analyzes peer pressure and its relationship to the health of children and adolescents. Defining attributes of peer pressure are discussed, including incomplete identity formation, the presence of a peer influence, and a need for approval. Antecedents and consequences of peer pressure are also explored...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Zoe Clark, Lorna Ashbrooke, Jayne Price
Children's nurses require a wide range of skills and knowledge to enable them to provide the best care for children and families, thus nurse educators must continually strive to ensure they create appropriate and meaningful learning for students in their journey to become children's nurses. Museum visits have been utilized previously within nurse education, but no evidence as to any added value of such visits on the learning of children's nursing students has been reported. This article highlights an innovative teaching strategy that was introduced to a group of year 1 children's nursing students-a field visit to the Museum of Childhood in London-and demonstrates the potential value to their learning...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Moji Anderson, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid
Although adolescence is considered a difficult time for diabetes management, there is little published qualitative research on adolescent Jamaicans with diabetes. This study investigates the experiences of Jamaican adolescents living with diabetes to determine how their needs can be addressed. Nineteen adolescents participated in two urban and two rural focus groups and were asked to draw pictures representing their experiences. Thematic analysis was used to analyze their narratives, while their drawings were analyzed using a variation of Lauritsen and Mathiasen's (2003) method...
December 21, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
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