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Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing

Michelle T Dang, Aaron Amos, Monique Dangerfield, Brian Ford, Kayla Kern, Martha Moon
The purpose of this study was to conduct a youth participatory action research project to address the disparities in sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV rates among homeless youth. Four youth served as co-investigators and cultural informants for the project. The team conducted focus groups (N = 22; ages 16-22) and in-depth interviews (N = 20; ages 18-24) with homeless youth to explore decisions about condomless sex, knowledge of STIs and HIV, health-care access for STI-related services, and perceptions about STI testing...
June 14, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Anne Marks, Nathan J Wilson, Stacy Blythe, Christine Johnston
The number of early primary school (EPS) children (aged 4-8 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rises each year. Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) can be challenging for these children, as adult support may not be available in the school setting. Diabetes educators (DEs) working in the health system facilitate school diabetes care, which can be time-consuming given the large numbers of children with diabetes. These factors are potential barriers for IIT use in the EPS setting. To explore the experiences of Australian DEs who facilitate IIT use in the EPS setting, a qualitative, narrative inquiry method was used to conduct semi-structured telephone interviews with Australian DEs (n = 13) between December 2014 and June 2016...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Naomi Matsumori
The Japanese nursing education system only requires a general nursing qualification. After graduation, many Japanese nurses work within pediatric departments where they receive specialized training in pediatric care. An intervention program for promoting ethical nursing practices among patients and their families was implemented for pediatric nurses with 0-5 years pediatric nursing experience. The objective of this study was to clarify changes in nurses' recognition and behaviors, as well as the intervention's post-initiation durability...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Tsuyoshi Asari
The present study aimed to clarify expressive behaviors demonstrating "well done" in young children aged 3-7 years who were undergoing blood sampling or vaccination, as these behaviors were perceived by parents and nurses in Japan. This study applied a qualitative descriptive design using a retrospective recall approach. Data obtained from semi-structured interviews conducted with 14 parents and 15 nurses were divided into meaning units, each containing a complete expressive behavior demonstrating "well done...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Edward Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor and Editor-in-Chief Edward Alan Glasper discusses why children's nurses must fully adopt the duty of candour in care delivery, which in some countries is a legal obligation, to ensure that consumers of healthcare and their families are apologized to, and communicated with, openly and honestly when things have gone wrong in their care.
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Linda Shields
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Kasey Irwin, Pauline Hill, Alison Hutton
Adolescents who have completed their high school studies converge on coastal areas of Australia annually to celebrate their freedom in events known as "Schoolies." The current body of research in relation to Schoolies demonstrates that adolescents consume alcohol and other drugs and engage in sexual activity during these events. Exactly how parents support adolescents in attending these events and how they perceive the Schoolies experience represent major gaps in the literature. To undertake this research, 7 parents were interviewed using a semi-structured approach...
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nicholas Medforth, Elaine Huntingdon
Numerous policy directives highlight the need for planned and well-coordinated support to enable young people with long-term conditions and disabilities to negotiate the transition to adulthood, including making the leap from children-oriented to adult- centered health services. The journey is complex and multi-dimensional. For young people with a disability, long-term condition, or mental health problem there are additional challenges when transitioning between services with differences in expectations, delivery, and culture...
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Aditi Lohan, Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell
Previous research in pediatric diabetes management has focused on general child behavior, which is linked with treatment adherence and health outcomes in children with type 1 diabetes. Little is known about child diabetes behavior problems specifically. The current study aimed to develop and validate a measure of diabetes-specific child behavior problems, and parents' confidence in managing these behaviors. Participants were a community sample of 186 parents of children aged 2-10 years with type 1 diabetes, recruited via online parenting forums and advertisements placed in school and childcare newsletters throughout Australia...
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Albara Alomari, Val Wilson, Annette Solman, Beata Bajorek, Patricia Tinsley
This study aims to outline the current workplace culture of medication practice in a pediatric medical ward. The objective is to explore the perceptions of nurses in a pediatric clinical setting as to why medication administration errors occur. As nurses have a central role in the medication process, it is essential to explore nurses' perceptions of the factors influencing the medication process. Without this understanding, it is difficult to develop effective prevention strategies aimed at reducing medication administration errors...
June 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Tracey Redwood, Sarah Neill, Sarah Church, Melinda Spencer
Effective assessment tools are an essential element of early identification of problems, enabling early intervention in the first two or so years of life. This article reports on the development and evaluation of a Universal Assessment Tool for Early Help in Early Years. The project aim was to develop, pilot and evaluate a new universal assessment tool named "My Family Profile" for use within Northamptonshire, United Kingdom, from pregnancy until a child reaches 2/2.5 years of age. A flowchart demonstrates the stages of the process including how each step contributed toward the tool and end report (Neill et al...
April 9, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Kelly Pretorius, Lynn Rew
Sudden unexplained death in infancy, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), is a global public health challenge. Despite public health campaigns and efforts, SIDS remains the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in many developed countries. In this article, we review SIDS, describe nursing's unique professional position in addressing this problem, and explore how the principles of social justice can inform nursing's response. Motivated by nursing's ethical and moral obligations, the profession is called to take an active role in educating others regarding this phenomenon, to participate in research, and to develop or advocate for policy that aims to reduce the incidence of SIDS on an international scale...
April 4, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Suja Karkada, Sharmila Upadhya, Subramanya Upadhya, Gopalakrishna Bhat
Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls...
March 29, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Intima Alrimawi, Carol Hall, Michael Craig Watson
Unintentional injuries are a growing global public health problem that causes mortality, morbidity, and disability among children. These injuries are common among under-fives and form a significant burden on healthcare systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Nurses and doctors have a major role to play in the prevention of home injuries, as expressed in many international reports. In Palestine, there is a paucity of research in this area. Therefore, this study aims to explore nurses' and doctors' perceptions and practices regarding the prevention of home injuries among children aged under-five years...
March 26, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Gigi Thompson Thomas, Maureen Reni Courtney
The significant trend of the obesity epidemic leading to treatment of expensive, lifelong illnesses, especially among Hispanic children, confirms the need for efforts to increase provider adherence to clinical guidelines. This Quality Improvement Project was designed to examine how a practice intervention influenced provider adherence to childhood obesity guidelines among Hispanic children. The practice intervention, based on a unique practice model, consisted of provider awareness, provider involvement, and collaborative support by the researcher...
March 9, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Katarzyna Marshall, Halley Martin, Kim Siarkowski Amer
Friends can provide encouragement and support during stressful times. Friends are even more important for children coping with chronic illness such as adolescents managing insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Nurses need to recognize that the knowledge and care of both the children coping with diabetes and friends can be critical. This study explored perceptions of adolescents managing diabetes and their peers. The non-affected peers and adolescents with IDDM ranged in age between 15-18 were studied using an exploratory qualitative method...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nicholas Medforth, Kath Rooksby
Involvement of service users in the delivery and development of services by providing unique feedback on their own experiences is a well-established feature of continuing improvement and quality enhancement. The Friends and Family Test (FFT) is a tool that supports the fundamental principle that people who use NHS services should have the opportunity to provide feedback on their experience, however children and young people are a group of key stakeholders whose voice has not been routinely sought. This article summarises the evaluation of a pilot project which aimed to implement and test the utility of a children and young people friendly version of the FFT in general and dental practices with a view to making it more widely available in the future...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Edward Alan Glasper
Editor-in-chief emeritus professor Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses how children's and young people's nurses can improve the rates of organ donation for children in need of transplants.
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Wendy McInally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Nichole Erin Hickman, Gina Schaar
Health care providers need to develop improved methods of educating adolescents. This study was developed to evaluate adolescents' responses to and satisfaction with an educational text message intervention to promote healthy behaviors, reduce the incidence of unhealthy behaviors, and prevent high-risk behaviors. Adolescent participants received weekly text messages regarding high-risk sexual behaviors, healthy dietary habits, exercise, drug, or alcohol use, and social issues. Results indicate adolescents learned something new, made a behavioral change, and overall liked the delivery of educational information via text message...
March 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
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