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Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Eray Çalışkan, Rukiye Ada Bender, Reyhan Aslancan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ahmet Rıza Esmer, Reyhan Aslancan, Burak Teymen, Eray Çalışkan
Placenta previa percreta is a serious pregnancy condition that may cause massive bleeding. Life-threatening hemorrhage is commonly managed via cesarean hysterectomy or vascular ligations in order to preserve fertility. We present a case of bilateral external iliac artery thrombosis after pelvic compression and uterine devascularization due to placenta previa percreta. The patient had cesarean section due to ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging-diagnosed placenta previa percreta, and stated that she preferred a conservative approach rather than hysterectomy in a case of massive bleeding...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
İlker Selçuk, Murat Yassa, İlkan Tatar, Emre Huri
The abdominal aorta is divided into two parts (right and left) at the level of the fourth-fifth lumbar vertebra and called the common iliac artery. Anterior to the sacroiliac joint, common iliac arteries are divided into external and internal iliac arteries. The external iliac artery supplies the lower limb, and the internal iliac artery is the major vascular supply of the pelvis. Internal iliac artery is divided into anterior and posterior trunk. The anterior trunk supplies the pelvis, visceral organs, and the posterior trunk supplies pelvic parietal structures...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Şafak Hatırnaz, Barış Ata, Ebru Saynur Hatırnaz, Michael Haim Dahan, Samer Tannus, Justin Tan, Seang Lin Tan
In vitro maturation (IVM) is one of the most controversial aspects of assisted reproductive technology. Although it has been studied extensively, it is still not a conventional treatment option and is accepted as an alternative treatment. However, studies have shown that IVM can be used in almost all areas where in vitro fertilization (IVF) is used and it has a strong place in fertility protection and Ovarian Hyperstimulation syndrome management. The aim of this systematic review was to address all aspects of the current knowledge of IVM treatment together with the evolution of IVM and IVF...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Aylin Güneş, Red M Alinsod
Aesthetic gynecology has seen increasing patient and physician demand. Although this typically falls in the reign of obstetrics and gynecology, plastic surgeons and cosmetic surgeons have also developed great interest in this field. Currently, few if any obstetrics and gynecology residency or fellowship programs teach this subject matter though inroads have taken place in plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery training programs that had the foresight to include specific training in this field. Currently, many surgeons start by first training in various established certification and preceptorship programs based in the United States and the United Kingdom...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jalal Raoufi, Serhan Can İşcan, Candost Hanedan, Emine Elif Özkan, Sevim Süreyya Çerçi, Ebru Erdemoğlu, Evrim Erdemoğlu
Objective: There is scarce information about axillary lymph node involvement in gynecologic cancers. We analyzed the incidence of suspicious axillary lymph nodes in gynecologic cancers. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the positron emission tomography/computed tomography findings of 251 patients with endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancer. There is no cut-off value documented for axillary metastases from gynecologic cancers; therefore we adopted the cut-off standardized uptake values (SUVs) proclaimed in breast cancer...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Çiğdem Yayla Abide, Evrim Bostancı Ergen
Objective: The aim af this study is to evaluate patients with mature cystic teratomas (MCT) with regard to the view of updated knowledge using our retrospective findings. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study and included a total of 306 patients from 2013 through 2017 at the İstanbul Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Diseases Training and Research Hospital. Results: The mean age of the patients was 34.03±11.98 years. Thirty (9...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sunullah Soysal, Rezzan Berna Baki
Objective: Ovarian cyst rupture and adnexal torsion (AT) differential diagnosis is important for early surgical intervention of AT for preserving ovarian function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of preoperative the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with adnexal torsion and ovarian cyst rupture. Materials and Methods: Data of 80 patients who underwent surgery between 2012 and 2017 for ovarian cyst rupture, adnexal torsion, and unruptured ovarian cyst were analyzed...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fadime Kahyaoğlu, Alpaslan Gökçimen, Buket Demirci
Objective: Hypericum perforatum (HP) is a herbal product used in the treatment of depression, but its harm on the fetus has not been established. This study investigated the effects of HP according to fetal clinical, morphologic, and histologic findings. Study design is an animal study. Materials and Methods: Fifty-four 4-5-month-old female Wistar rats were divided into three groups: control, 100 mg/kg HP, and 300 mg/kg HP. HP treatment using drinking water was started one week before mating and ended with the delivery of pups...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ashraf Saber Mashhad Taraqi, Najmeh Tehranian, Shiva Pourali Roudbaneh, Matin Sadat Esmaeilzadeh, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Marzieh Faghani Aghoozi, Somayeh Yousefi
Objective: Visfatin is an adipocytokine that functions as an enzyme and a growth factor to investigate the relationship between serum visfatin and the fetus's anthropometric markers up to a year after birth. Materials and Methods: Forty-one eligible pregnant women in their first trimester were divided and matched in terms of body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy into normal and higher than normal BMI groups, A and B. Serum visfatin levels were measured during 6-12 and 15-20 weeks of gestation using ELISA...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shazia Khan, Himadri Bal, Inam Danish Khan, Debashish Paul
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy. This prospective study was undertaken to validate the single-step non-fasting 75 gm Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group of India (DIPSI) criteria of GDM in Indian patients in comparison with the two-step fasting 100 gm glucose challenge through the Carpenter Coustan criteria (CCC). Materials and Methods: Two hundred patients underwent comparative testing using the DIPSI criteria and CCC...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mesut Polat, Mehmet Baki Şentürk, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu, Ozan Doğan, Çetin Kılıççı, Mehmet Şükrü Budak
Objective: Postpartum urinary retention means the absence of spontaneous micturition more than 6 hours after birth or when residual volume after urination is less than 150 cc. If neglected, postpartum urinary retention may result in bladder denervation and detrusor muscle weakness requiring intermittent catheterization or permanent micturition dysfunction. Our goal was to identify the possible risk factors for postpartum urinary retention. Materials and Methods: Five hundred sixty female subjects were included in this retrospective study...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cevdet Adıgüzel, Esra Selver Saygılı Yılmaz, Sefa Arlıer, Sevtap Seyfettinoğlu, Gökhan Söker, Gülsüm Uysal, Oğuz Yücel, Akın Sivaslıoğlu
Objective: To evaluate whether uterosacral ligament (USL) thickness measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was associated with overactive bladder (OAB) in otherwise healthy women. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 27 women with OAB and 27 healthy women (control group) who were followed up at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of a tertiary referral center. All subjects were evaluated using pelvic MRI to determine the transverse USL thickness...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Varol Gülseren, Mustafa Kocaer, Özgü Çelikkol Güngördük, İsa Aykut Özdemir, Muzaffer Sancı, Kemal Güngördük
Objective: We aimed to investigate the correlation of the size and volume of uterine tumors obtained using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and pathology specimens in patients with endometrioid-type endometrial cancer (EEC) in the premenopausal period, and to compare the results with those of postmenopausal women. In the premenopausal period, the endometrium uses more glucose than in the postmenopausal period. Therefore, the measurement of uterine tumor size using PET/CT in the premenopausal period may normally be different...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sefa Arlıer, Ümit Ali Kayışlı, Aydın Arıcı
Objective: When bound to the inhibitory kappa B (IкB) protein, the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-кB) remains inactively in the cytoplasm. Activated NF-кB upregulates the gene expression of many chemokines including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and interleukin (IL)-8. We hypothesized that estrogen may regulate IкB phosphorylation and degradation thus influencing NF-кB-dependent gene expression. Regulation of chemokines by estrogen is different in uterine endometrial cells when compared to ectopic endometrial cells of endometriosis...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rahime Nida Ergin, Aslıhan Polat, Bülent Kars, Deniz Öztekin, Kenan Sofuoğlu, Eray Çalışkan
Objective: To determine the perceived social stigma and familial attitides and perception of sexuality in infertile couples attending infertility clinics. Materials and Methods: Infertile couples attending infertility clinics between the years of 2014 and 2015 were requested to complete detailed evaluation forms including questions related to the social stigma on their infertility, their familial attitudes, and perception of sexuality. Any partner of the infertile couple accepting to enroll in the study was given the evaluation forms...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Serdar Çelik, Niyazi Emre Turgut, Dilek Cengiz Çelik, Kübra Boynukalın, Remzi Abalı, Sevim Purisa, Erbil Yağmur, Mustafa Bahçeci
Objective: Pooling is an alternative method to achieve in vitro fertilization outcomes. This study was to investigate the effect of pooling method on pregnancy outcomes in poor responder patients according to Bologna criteria. Materials and Methods: Two hundred-fifty five poor responder patients were enrolled in this study. Pooling embryo transfer (ET) group had 110 and fresh ET group had 145 patients. Results: Although, age was similar between both treatment groups (p=0...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Doğan Yıldırım, Cihad Tatar, Ozan Doğan, Adnan Hut, Turgut Dönmez, Muzaffer Akıncı, Mehmet Toptaş, Rahime Nida Bayık
Objective: Endometriosis is seen in women during their reproductive period, where stromal tissue and functional endometrial glands of the uterus are observed outside the uterine cavity. In this study, we aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of our patients who underwent surgery with scar endometriosis and to discuss the surgical results in light of the literature. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 patients who underwent surgery and diagnosed as having endometriosis as the result of a pathologic examination were retrospectively evaluated...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Numan Çim, Erkan Elçi, Gülhan Güneş Elçi, Necat Almalı, Recep Yıldızhan
Objective: To assess whether the abdominal scar characteristics and closure of the peritoneum were associated with pelvic adhesions. Materials and Methods: Patients who had undergone cesarean section between December 2015 and February 2016 were assessed prospectively in terms of age, gravida, body mass index, number of living children, number of cesarean sections, time passed since the last cesarean section, closure status of the peritoneum in the last cesarean section, presence of other diseases, smoking status, location of incision in the abdomen (medial, pfannenstiel) scar dimensions (length, width), scar status with respect to skin (hypertrophic, flat, depressive), scar color [color change/no color change (hyperpigmented/hypopigmented)], adhesion of bowel-omentum-uterus, omentum-anterior abdominal wall, uterus-anterior abdominal wall, uterus-bladder, bladder-anterior abdominal wall, fixed uterus, and uterus-omentum-anterior abdominal wall in abdominal exploration...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Emre Sinan Güngör, Olcay Seval, Gülşah İlhan, Fatma Ferda Verit
Objective: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of Syrian refugee pregnants and Turkish counterparts who gave birth at a tertiary center in İstanbul. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study including the birth records of 704 Syrian refugees and 744 Turkish pregnant women between January 2016 and May 2017 were analyzed. Demographic data, obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared. The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes and cesarean rates between the groups...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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