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African Journal of Disability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167390/deafening-silence-on-a-vital-issue-the-world-health-organization-has-ignored-the-sexuality-of-persons-with-disabilities
#1
Christine Peta
In 2016, the World Health Organization, through the Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology Initiative, issued the Priority Assistive Products List which is meant to be a guide to member states of the 50 assistive products needed for a basic health care and/or social welfare system; it is also a model from which nations can develop their national priority assistive products lists. The aim of this opinion paper is to share my views about the Priority Assistive Products List on the grounds that it makes no distinct mention of sexual assistive devices, yet research has indicated that sexuality is an area of great concern for persons with disabilities...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167389/analysing-disability-policy-in-namibia-an-occupational-justice-perspective
#2
Tongai F Chichaya, Robin W E Joubert, Mary Ann McColl
Background: The Namibian disability policy of 1997 has not been reviewed for about 20 years, which has raised concerns with persons with disabilities and stakeholders in the fields of disability and rehabilitation. In March 2017, the government publicised its intention to review the policy. Thus, this study's purpose was to generate evidence that can contribute to the development of a more current disability policy that will promote occupational justice. Objectives: The aim of the study was to develop an alternative disability policy option for Namibia and to present outcomes and trade-offs using a policy analysis approach while applying the occupational justice framework to gather evidence...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167388/preferred-rehabilitation-setting-among-stroke-survivors-in-nigeria-and-associated-personal-factors
#3
Grace Vincent-Onabajo, Zulaiha Mohammed
Background: Incorporating patients' preferences in the care they receive is an important component of evidence-based practice and patient-centred care. Objective: This study assessed stroke patients' preferences regarding rehabilitation settings. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to examine preferences of stroke patients receiving physiotherapy at three hospitals in Northern Nigeria. Personal factors and preferred rehabilitation setting data were obtained using the Modified Rankin Scale (to assess global disability) and a researcher-developed questionnaire...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977797/the-effect-of-synchronised-metronome-training-a-case-study-in-a-single-leg-below-knee-paralympic-sprinter
#4
Barry S Andrews, Elizabeth S Bressan
Background: To optimise sprint performance, one needs to understand how motor control affects motor performance. Researchers have proposed that the Dynamic Systems Theory be adopted for explaining motor performance, skill acquisition and the development of pedagogical methods. Within this theory, the individual is seen as a complex system that functions as the interaction of many sub-systems. Entrained movements would be characterised by optimal sequencing, timing and grading of muscle activation...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977796/simple-ideas-that-work-celebrating-development-in-persons-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#5
Ann Bullen, Rosemary Luger, Debbie Prudhomme, Martha Geiger
Background: The purpose of this article is to share some lessons learnt by an interdisciplinary therapy team working with persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD), implemented in diverse, low-income contexts over a period of 8 years. Objectives: The objective of all the activities described here was to provide increased stimulation and development opportunities for persons with PIMD within different settings (day care centre, residential centre or family home)...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850439/the-benefits-of-hydrotherapy-to-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#6
REVIEW
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariëtte Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
Background: Many patients with spinal cord injury (PWSCI) lead sedentary lifestyles, experiencing poor quality of life and medical challenges. PWSCI don't like to participate in land-based-exercises because it's tedious to perform the same exercises, decreasing their rehabilitative compliance and negatively impacting their well-being. An alternative exercise environment and exercises may alleviate boredom, enhancing compliance. Objectives: Discuss the benefits of hydrotherapy to PWSCI concerning underwater gait-kinematics, thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses and spasticity...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850438/intellectual-disability-rights-and-inclusive-citizenship-in-south-africa-what-can-a-scoping-review-tell-us
#7
REVIEW
Charlotte Capri, Lameze Abrahams, Judith McKenzie, Ockert Coetzee, Siyabulela Mkabile, Manuel Saptouw, Andrew Hooper, Peter Smith, Colleen Adnams, Leslie Swartz
Background: Intellectual disability (ID) is the most prevalent disability in the world. People with intellectual disability (PWID) frequently experience extreme violations of numerous human rights. Despite greater prevalence in South Africa than in high-income countries, most ID research currently comes from the Global North. This leaves us with few contextually sensitive studies to draw from to advance inclusive citizenship. Objectives: Our scoping review aims to investigate pertinent ID rights issues in South Africa, synthesise quantitative and qualitative studies, and provide a synopsis of available evidence on which to base future work...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850437/hearing-children-of-deaf-parents-gender-and-birth-order-in-the-delegation-of-the-interpreter-role-in-culturally-deaf-families
#8
Nomfundo F Moroe, Victor de Andrade
Background: Culturally, hearing children born to Deaf parents may have to mediate two different positions within the hearing and Deaf cultures. However, there appears to be little written about the experiences of hearing children born to Deaf parents in the South African context. Objective: This study sought to investigate the roles of children of Deaf adults (CODAs) as interpreters in Deaf-parented families, more specifically, the influence of gender and birth order in language brokering...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707518/lessons-from-the-pilot-of-a-mobile-application-to-map-assistive-technology-suppliers-in-africa
#9
Surona J Visagie, Rebecca Matter, George M Kayange, Mussa Chiwaula, Mark Harniss, Gubela Mji, Elsje Scheffler
A pilot project to develop and implement a mobile smartphone application (App) that tracks and maps assistive technology (AT) availability in southern Africa was launched in Botswana in 2016. The App was developed and tested through an iterative process. The concept of the App (AT-Info-Map) was well received by most stakeholders within the pilot country, and broader networks. Several technical and logistical obstacles were encountered. These included high data costs; difficulty in accessing AT information from the public healthcare sector, the largest supplier of AT; and the high human resource demand of collecting and keeping up-to-date device-level information within a complex and fragmented supply sector that spans private, public and civil society entities...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707517/-how-deep-are-your-pockets-autoethnographic-reflections-on-the-cost-of-raising-a-child-with-autism
#10
Mary G Clasquin-Johnson, Michel Clasquin-Johnson
Background: In this article, we reflected on our experience of the cost of parenting a child with autism, including our ongoing search for educational and therapeutic intervention. Objectives: We aimed to give an academic insight into the state of autism education and care in South Africa as seen by us, with special attention to its cost and sustainability. Methods: Using evocative autoethnography as storied scholarship together with critical autism studies, we reflected on stories of the past 5 years since our son's diagnosis...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707516/communication-rehabilitation-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-role-of-speech-and-language-therapists
#11
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall
Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability. Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707515/the-postural-stability-of-children-with-foetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-during-one-leg-stance-a-feasibility-study
#12
Yolandi Brink, John Cockcroft, Soraya Seedat, Philip May, Wendy Kalberg, Quinette Louw
Background: Postural control may be impaired in children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The study assessed the protocol feasibility in terms of (1) recruiting children with FASD in a rural, small town; (2) using the measurement instruments in a real-life setting; (3) the one-leg standing (OLS) task and (4) presenting preliminary results on postural stability of children with and without FASD. Methods: Nine-year-old children diagnosed with and without FASD were invited to participate...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707514/an-analysis-of-trunk-kinematics-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-stroke
#13
Adnil W Titus, Susan Hillier, Quinette A Louw, Gakeemah Inglis-Jassiem
Background: Approximately two out of three people with stroke experience gait problems. Trunk movement control and symmetry is an important prerequisite for functional walking gait. Movement control, measured objectively as kinematics during walking gait, is rarely investigated. Objective: To describe the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the trunk during gait in people with stroke, including key spatiotemporal characteristics. Methodology: A total of 17 adults with stroke who met the inclusion criteria were selected to participate in this cross-sectional pilot study...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535918/dyslexic-learners-experiences-with-their-peers-and-teachers-in-special-and-mainstream-primary-schools-in-north-west-province
#14
Monicca Leseyane, Peter Mandende, Mary Makgato, Madoda Cekiso
Background: Inclusive education requires that the framework within which education is delivered should be broad enough to accommodate equally the needs and circumstances of every learner in the society. This includes learners with disabilities like dyslexia who have been excluded from the formal education system. This article reports the findings of a qualitative study that explored and described the dyslexic learners' experiences with their peers and teachers in special and public schools in North-West Province of South Africa...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535917/-i-felt-pain-deep-pain%C3%A2-experiences-of-primary-caregivers-of-stroke-survivors-with-aphasia-in-a-south-african-township
#15
Khetsiwe P Masuku, Munyane Mophosho, Muziwakhe Tshabalala
Background: Aphasia is an acquired impairment in language and in the cognitive processes that underlie language. Aphasia affects the quality of life of the person with aphasia (PWA) and his or her families in various ways in diverse contexts and cultures. It is therefore important that speech language therapists understand how different contextual and cultural factors may mediate experiences. Purpose: The aim of the study was to describe the caregiving experience of female caregivers of PWA residing in Tembisa, a township situated in the east of Johannesburg...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134180/editorial
#16
EDITORIAL
Jonathan Pearlman, Rory Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134179/psychological-well-being-of-adolescents-with-physical-disabilities-in-zimbabwean-inclusive-community-settings-an-exploratory-study
#17
Jabulani Mpofu, Maximus M Sefotho, Jacobus G Maree
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities living in inclusive community settings of Makonde Urban in Zimbabwe. An inclusive community is one that aims to remove exclusionary practices within the community and promote community systems that accept all people irrespective of their difference. Inclusive communities on their own are not uniquely designed for people with disabilities, but most developing countries have adopted them as a basic strategy to influence and enhance psychological well-being of people with disabilities...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134178/wheelchair-services-and-use-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-kenya-and-the-philippines
#18
Eva S Bazant, Elizabeth J Himelfarb Hurwitz, Brenda N Onguti, Emma K Williams, Jamie H Noon, Cheryl A Xavier, Ferdiliza D S Garcia, Anthony Gichangi, Mohammed Gabbow, Peter Musakhi, R Lee Kirby
Background: The World Health Organisation recommends that services accompany wheelchair distribution. This study examined the relationship of wheelchair service provision in Kenya and the Philippines and wheelchair-use-related outcomes. Method: We surveyed 852 adult basic manual wheelchair users. Participants who had received services and those who had not were sought in equal numbers from wheelchair-distribution entities. Outcomes assessed were daily wheelchair use, falls, unassisted outdoor use and performance of activities of daily living (ADL)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062763/adaptation-of-the-curriculum-for-the-inclusion-of-learners-with-special-education-needs-in-selected-primary-schools-in-the-fort-beaufort-district
#19
Toyin M Adewumi, Symphorosa Rembe, Jenny Shumba, Adeola Akinyemi
BACKGROUND: There is need for 'high-quality' teachers who are equipped to meet the needs of all learners through provision of education for an inclusive society according to equal opportunities to all. OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates pockets of good practice in the adaptation of the curriculum for the inclusion of learners with special education needs (SEN) in selected primary schools in the Fort Beaufort District. METHOD: The study adopted a qualitative research approach and employed a case study design...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062762/development-of-wheelchair-caster-testing-equipment-and-preliminary-testing-of-caster-models
#20
Anand Mhatre, Joseph Ott, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Because of the adverse environmental conditions present in less-resourced environments (LREs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that specialised wheelchair test methods may need to be developed to support product quality standards in these environments. A group of experts identified caster test methods as a high priority because of their common failure in LREs, and the insufficiency of existing test methods described in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Wheelchair Testing Standards (ISO 7176)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
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