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African Journal of Disability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707518/lessons-from-the-pilot-of-a-mobile-application-to-map-assistive-technology-suppliers-in-africa
#1
Surona J Visagie, Rebecca Matter, George M Kayange, Mussa Chiwaula, Mark Harniss, Gubela Mji, Elsje Scheffler
A pilot project to develop and implement a mobile smartphone application (App) that tracks and maps assistive technology (AT) availability in southern Africa was launched in Botswana in 2016. The App was developed and tested through an iterative process. The concept of the App (AT-Info-Map) was well received by most stakeholders within the pilot country, and broader networks. Several technical and logistical obstacles were encountered. These included high data costs; difficulty in accessing AT information from the public healthcare sector, the largest supplier of AT; and the high human resource demand of collecting and keeping up-to-date device-level information within a complex and fragmented supply sector that spans private, public and civil society entities...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707517/-how-deep-are-your-pockets-autoethnographic-reflections-on-the-cost-of-raising-a-child-with-autism
#2
Mary G Clasquin-Johnson, Michel Clasquin-Johnson
Background: In this article, we reflected on our experience of the cost of parenting a child with autism, including our ongoing search for educational and therapeutic intervention. Objectives: We aimed to give an academic insight into the state of autism education and care in South Africa as seen by us, with special attention to its cost and sustainability. Methods: Using evocative autoethnography as storied scholarship together with critical autism studies, we reflected on stories of the past 5 years since our son's diagnosis...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707516/communication-rehabilitation-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-role-of-speech-and-language-therapists
#3
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall
Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability. Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707515/the-postural-stability-of-children-with-foetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-during-one-leg-stance-a-feasibility-study
#4
Yolandi Brink, John Cockcroft, Soraya Seedat, Philip May, Wendy Kalberg, Quinette Louw
Background: Postural control may be impaired in children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The study assessed the protocol feasibility in terms of (1) recruiting children with FASD in a rural, small town; (2) using the measurement instruments in a real-life setting; (3) the one-leg standing (OLS) task and (4) presenting preliminary results on postural stability of children with and without FASD. Methods: Nine-year-old children diagnosed with and without FASD were invited to participate...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707514/an-analysis-of-trunk-kinematics-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-stroke
#5
Adnil W Titus, Susan Hillier, Quinette A Louw, Gakeemah Inglis-Jassiem
Background: Approximately two out of three people with stroke experience gait problems. Trunk movement control and symmetry is an important prerequisite for functional walking gait. Movement control, measured objectively as kinematics during walking gait, is rarely investigated. Objective: To describe the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the trunk during gait in people with stroke, including key spatiotemporal characteristics. Methodology: A total of 17 adults with stroke who met the inclusion criteria were selected to participate in this cross-sectional pilot study...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535918/dyslexic-learners-experiences-with-their-peers-and-teachers-in-special-and-mainstream-primary-schools-in-north-west-province
#6
Monicca Leseyane, Peter Mandende, Mary Makgato, Madoda Cekiso
Background: Inclusive education requires that the framework within which education is delivered should be broad enough to accommodate equally the needs and circumstances of every learner in the society. This includes learners with disabilities like dyslexia who have been excluded from the formal education system. This article reports the findings of a qualitative study that explored and described the dyslexic learners' experiences with their peers and teachers in special and public schools in North-West Province of South Africa...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535917/-i-felt-pain-deep-pain%C3%A2-experiences-of-primary-caregivers-of-stroke-survivors-with-aphasia-in-a-south-african-township
#7
Khetsiwe P Masuku, Munyane Mophosho, Muziwakhe Tshabalala
Background: Aphasia is an acquired impairment in language and in the cognitive processes that underlie language. Aphasia affects the quality of life of the person with aphasia (PWA) and his or her families in various ways in diverse contexts and cultures. It is therefore important that speech language therapists understand how different contextual and cultural factors may mediate experiences. Purpose: The aim of the study was to describe the caregiving experience of female caregivers of PWA residing in Tembisa, a township situated in the east of Johannesburg...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134180/editorial
#8
EDITORIAL
Jonathan Pearlman, Rory Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134179/psychological-well-being-of-adolescents-with-physical-disabilities-in-zimbabwean-inclusive-community-settings-an-exploratory-study
#9
Jabulani Mpofu, Maximus M Sefotho, Jacobus G Maree
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities living in inclusive community settings of Makonde Urban in Zimbabwe. An inclusive community is one that aims to remove exclusionary practices within the community and promote community systems that accept all people irrespective of their difference. Inclusive communities on their own are not uniquely designed for people with disabilities, but most developing countries have adopted them as a basic strategy to influence and enhance psychological well-being of people with disabilities...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134178/wheelchair-services-and-use-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-kenya-and-the-philippines
#10
Eva S Bazant, Elizabeth J Himelfarb Hurwitz, Brenda N Onguti, Emma K Williams, Jamie H Noon, Cheryl A Xavier, Ferdiliza D S Garcia, Anthony Gichangi, Mohammed Gabbow, Peter Musakhi, R Lee Kirby
Background: The World Health Organisation recommends that services accompany wheelchair distribution. This study examined the relationship of wheelchair service provision in Kenya and the Philippines and wheelchair-use-related outcomes. Method: We surveyed 852 adult basic manual wheelchair users. Participants who had received services and those who had not were sought in equal numbers from wheelchair-distribution entities. Outcomes assessed were daily wheelchair use, falls, unassisted outdoor use and performance of activities of daily living (ADL)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062763/adaptation-of-the-curriculum-for-the-inclusion-of-learners-with-special-education-needs-in-selected-primary-schools-in-the-fort-beaufort-district
#11
Toyin M Adewumi, Symphorosa Rembe, Jenny Shumba, Adeola Akinyemi
BACKGROUND: There is need for 'high-quality' teachers who are equipped to meet the needs of all learners through provision of education for an inclusive society according to equal opportunities to all. OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates pockets of good practice in the adaptation of the curriculum for the inclusion of learners with special education needs (SEN) in selected primary schools in the Fort Beaufort District. METHOD: The study adopted a qualitative research approach and employed a case study design...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062762/development-of-wheelchair-caster-testing-equipment-and-preliminary-testing-of-caster-models
#12
Anand Mhatre, Joseph Ott, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Because of the adverse environmental conditions present in less-resourced environments (LREs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that specialised wheelchair test methods may need to be developed to support product quality standards in these environments. A group of experts identified caster test methods as a high priority because of their common failure in LREs, and the insufficiency of existing test methods described in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Wheelchair Testing Standards (ISO 7176)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062761/wheelchair-accessibility-to-public-buildings-in-the-kumasi-metropolis-ghana
#13
Cosmos Yarfi, Evans Y K Ashigbi, Emmanuel K Nakua
BACKGROUND: Accessibility implies making public places accessible to every individual, irrespective of his or her disability or special need, ensuring the integration of the wheelchair user into the society and thereby granting them the capability of participating in activities of daily living and ensuring equality in daily life. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the accessibility of the physical infrastructures (public buildings) in the Kumasi metropolis to wheelchairs after the passage of the Ghanaian Disability Law (Act 716, 2006)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062760/the-experiences-and-challenges-faced-by-rehabilitation-community-service-therapists-within-the-south-african-primary-healthcare-health-system
#14
Lieketseng Ned, Lizahn Cloete, Gubela Mji
BACKGROUND: Twenty-two years after the promulgation of a plethora of progressive health policies since 1994, the South African public health system reflects a number of stumbling blocks regarding implementation. Rehabilitation professionals are not sufficiently equipped nor allowed the opportunity to comprehensively implement Primary Healthcare (PHC) from a bottom-up approach, thus engaging communities. Training on addressing social health determinants and their impact on ill-health and health outcomes is inadequate...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062759/people-with-disabilities-and-income-related-social-protection-measures-in-south-africa-where-is-the-gap
#15
Jill Hanass-Hancock, Tamlyn C McKenzie
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities are at increased risk of poverty, particularly in low-and middle-income countries. However, recent evidence suggests that this association is more nuanced than previously anticipated and that we need better data to understand the opportunity and out-of-pocket costs that diverse groups of people with disabilities may experience. OBJECTIVE: This paper discusses if disability is associated with opportunity cost and loss of income both on the individual and household level in South Africa, and if these costs differ depending on disability type and severity...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951852/-when-he-s-up-there-he-s-just-happy-and-content-parents-perceptions-of-therapeutic-horseback-riding
#16
Lauren Boyd, Marieanna le Roux
BACKGROUND: There is limited global and South African research on parents' perceptions of therapeutic horseback riding (THR), as well as their perceptions of the effect of the activity on their children with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe parents' perceptions and experiences of THR as an activity for their children with disabilities. METHOD: Twelve parents whose children attend THR lessons at the South African Riding for the Disabled Association in Cape Town were asked to participate in a semi-structured interview...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951851/challenges-faced-by-parents-of-children-with-learning-disabilities-in-opuwo-namibia
#17
Clever Taderera, Herna Hall
BACKGROUND: Parenting children with learning disabilities requires a high level of knowledge and access to resources, information and services. In developing countries, however, these resources and services are not always available. Parents in Namibia, a developing country, therefore face challenges addressing children's learning and other developmental disabilities, including challenges related to preventative and supportive interventions. OBJECTIVE: This research focuses on challenges faced by parents as they parent children with learning disabilities in Opuwo, Namibia...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951850/the-development-and-evaluation-of-content-validity-of-the-zambia-spina-bifida-functional-measure-preliminary-studies
#18
Margaret M Mweshi, Seyi L Amosun, Mary P Shilalukey-Ngoma, Esther Munalula-Nkandu, Zuhayr Kafaar
BACKGROUND: Very little is known on outcome measures for children with spina bifida (SB) in Zambia. If rehabilitation professionals managing children with SB in Zambia and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa are to instigate measuring outcomes routinely, a tool has to be made available. The main objective of this study was to develop an appropriate and culturally sensitive instrument for evaluating the impact of the interventions on children with SB in Zambia. METHODS: A mixed design method was used for the study...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951849/enhancing-reading-abilities-of-learners-with-intellectual-impairments-through-computer-technology
#19
Cina P Mosito, Albert M Warnick, Emmanuel E Esambe
BACKGROUND: Developments in the teaching of children with disabilities support pedagogy that emphasises learners' strengths as opposed to their assumed deficiencies. Educators and mediators who advocate this view continually strive for tools and methodologies that enhance learner participation in academic environments. Computer technology is one of the tools recognised for its potential to enrich learning experiences of learners with an intellectual impairment. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the influence of text-to-speech stories on the reading ability of intellectually challenged learners...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936423/development-and-evaluation-of-a-wheelchair-service-provision-training-of-trainers-programme
#20
Sara Munera, Mary Goldberg, Krithika Kandavel, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: In many countries, availability of basic training and continued professional development programmes in wheelchair services is limited. Therefore, many health professionals lack access to formal training opportunities and new approaches to improve wheelchair service provision. To address this need, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the WHO Wheelchair Service Training of Trainers Programme (WSTPt), aiming to increase the number of trainers who are well prepared to deliver the WHO Wheelchair Service Training Packages...
2017: African Journal of Disability
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