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JFMS Open Reports

Peter Southerden, Duncan M Barnes
Case summary: Two cats were presented with mandibular fractures following head trauma. Following a CT scan, both were diagnosed with fractures of the ramus. The CT scans were used to print three-dimensional (3D) models of the mandibular fractures, which were used to pre-contour stainless steel mini-plates. These were fixed to the models and the screw positions used to produce a stainless steel template. The template was used as a pattern during surgery to drill holes in the ramus so that the pre-contoured mini-plates could be fixed in the exact same position as they had been on the 3D model...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055116917727137.].
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
James Crowley, Timothy Foo, Lara Boland, Laurencie Brunel
Case summary: A congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt was attenuated with commercial roll cellophane banding in a cat and postoperative liver changes were monitored using CT angiography (CTA). The patient clinically improved after cellophane banding, characterised by resolution of hepatic encephalopathy, weight gain, reference interval (RI) bile acid stimulation tests, as well as CTA-documented increased liver size, increased hepatic vasculature and shunt attenuation. Six months later the cat re-presented with recurrence of clinical signs and increased bile acids...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Simone Niederhäuser, Luzia Klauser, Jürg Bolliger, Ute Friedel, Sarah Schmitt, Maja Ruetten, Craig E Greene, Giovanni Ghielmetti
Case summary: A 9-year-old cat was referred with multiple, raised, ulcerative skin nodules in the region of the neck and dorsal head. Histopathological findings of a biopsied nodule were granulomatous dermatitis and panniculitis without multinucleated giant cells or caseous necrosis. In addition, by Ziehl-Neelsen staining numerous acid-fast intracellular bacilli were observed within the lesions. Mycobacterial culture showed growth of rough scotochromogenic colonies after 3 weeks of incubation...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Ashley R Wilkinson, Susan V Carr, Shawna L Klahn, Nikolaos G Dervisis, Cory R Hanks
Case summary: A 12-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for a 10 month history of weight loss. Thin body condition and a grade II/VI systolic parasternal heart murmur was noted during examination. Moderate-to-severe anemia and intermittent thrombocytopenia were identified on serial complete blood counts. Antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were detected, but vaccination for FIV occurred previously. Echocardiography revealed biatrial and biventricular enlargement, left ventricular hypertrophy and pericardial effusion...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Katrina Yee-Ka Cheng, Mark Krockenberger, Peter Bennett
Case summary: A 12-year-old entire domestic shorthair was evaluated for a 5 week history of intermittent vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a multi-lobulated heterogeneous mass adjacent to the mesenteric vessels. Cytology from fine-needle aspirates was non-diagnostic. Histopathology from a Tru-cut biopsy was consistent with haemangiosarcoma. The cat was treated with metronomic chemotherapy using oral cyclophosphamide. The cat remained clinically well and was euthanased 10 months after diagnosis owing to development of a haemoabdomen...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Cécile Dor, Jessica L Adamany, Caroline Kisielewicz, Simone de Brot, Kerstin Erles, Marc P Dhumeaux
Case summary: A 5-year-old male neutered Persian cat was referred for investigation of a 4 week history of weight loss, inappetence and intermittent vomiting. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and inflammatory bowel disease were diagnosed, and despite immunosuppressive therapy and assisted enteral nutrition, the cat experienced persistent anorexia, vomiting and severe weight loss. After 2 additional weeks of treatment, the cat developed acute-onset neurological signs associated with severe hyperammonaemia and was euthanased...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Carla Silveira, Livia Benigni, Kaye Gugich, Janet Kovak McClaran
Case summary: A 9-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with a 2 day history of anorexia and vomiting. A minimum database, including a complete blood count, serum biochemistry profile and urinalysis were unremarkable apart from a toxic neutrophilic left shift and borderline proteinuria. Abdominal ultrasound revealed intramural gas entrapment with thinning of the gastric wall, a hypoechoic pancreas, peritoneal fluid and a small volume of peritoneal gas along with a hyperechoic mesentery...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Yohei Sakai, Toshinori Yoshida, Makoto Shibutani, Keitaro Ohmori
Case summary: A spayed female mixed breed cat of unknown age (presumably more than 9 years old), weighing 2.9 kg, was presented with a 4 day history of lethargy, anorexia and vomiting following oral administration of calcium fosfomycin (20 mg/kg q12h). A serum biochemical analysis revealed a dramatic increase in the levels of blood urea nitrogen (>140 mg/dl) and creatinine (15.3 mg/dl), and hypercalcaemia (13.1 mg/dl), hyperphosphataemia (13.3 mg/dl) and hyperkalaemia (6.1 mmol/l)...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Amanda J Young, Sheila M Torres, Sandra N Koch
Case summary: A 9-year-old male neutered Devon Rex cat presented with bilaterally symmetrical ulcerative lesions with mucopurulent exudate that developed rapidly. The lesions were apparent on the axillae, ventral abdomen and inguinal areas. The cat was systemically well. Piroxicam was being administered for palliative treatment of a previously diagnosed salivary adenocarcinoma. Histopathology revealed severe extensive epidermal ulceration with focal dyskeratotic keratinocytes in the stratum granulosum without lymphocyte satellitosis...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Chaoqun Yao, Liza Köster, Brandon Halper, James Dundas, Rajeev Nair
Objectives: For over two decades, feline trichomonosis caused by Tritrichomonas foetus has been recognized as a large-bowel protozoan disease of the domestic cat. It has a wide distribution, but no reports exist in the Caribbean. The objectives of this study were to detect the presence of T foetus and its prevalence in the domestic cat on St Kitts, West Indies. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed between September 2014 and December 2015. This study recruited 115 feral cats from a trap-neuter-return program and 37 owned cats treated as outpatients at the university veterinary clinic...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Dennis J Woerde, Karon L Hoffmann, Narelle L Brown
Case summary: An 11-month-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for further investigation of a 1 month history of generalised tonic-clonic seizures. Physical examination revealed microphthalmia of the left eye and right-sided hemiparesis. MRI of the brain and cranial neck was performed using a 1.5-Tesla system. MRI revealed a left frontoethmoidal encephalocele and microphthalmia of the left eye. Conservative treatment with antiepileptic medication was elected. The cat was managed on phenobarbitone and levetiracetam...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Bethânia Ferreira Bastos, Beatriz Brener, Mariana Alves de Figueiredo, Daniela Leles, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida
Case series summary: Chronic diarrhea is a common and recurring problem in feline medicine. Intestinal trichomonads have been reported as causative agents of diarrhea in cats. While Pentatrichomonas hominis is considered commensal, Tritrichomonas foetus has been found to cause feline large bowel diarrhea in cats. In our report, two young cats infected with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and presenting with chronic diarrhea were identified as having trichomonads in their feces, based on direct examination and fecal culture...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Jayne A McGhie, Ian D Gibson, Aaron M Herndon
Case summary: A 3-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat sustained a severe sacrococcygeal luxation post-motor vehicle trauma. Six days post-trauma, a fluid-filled swelling was noticed over the caudoventral abdomen and inguinal regions. Needle aspiration, closed suction drain placement and debridement with subcutaneous tacking were all attempted but failed to resolve the continued accumulation of serosanguinous lymphocyte-rich fluid in the subcutaneous pocket. Clinical resolution was ultimately achieved after surgical debridement and omentalisation of the lesion...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Ian J Brooks, Stuart A Walton, Justin Shmalberg, Autumn Harris
Case summary: A 1.5-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with a 2 month history of progressive nasal swelling and hyporexia. Minimal improvement prior to referral was achieved with a course of antibiotics and glucocorticoids. Cytology of an ulcerative lesion on the dorsal aspect of the nose was consistent with a diagnosis of phaeohyphomycosis. The cat achieved static disease for 6 weeks following initiation of itraconazole but developed epistaxis at 9 weeks. CT of the head demonstrated nasal and frontal sinus involvement...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Elpida Sarvani, Séverine Tasker, Milica Kovacˇević Filipović, Jelena Francuski Andrić, Nenad Andrić, Larissa Aquino, Sarah English, Charalampos Attipa, Christian M Leutenegger, Chris R Helps, Kostas Papasouliotis
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of feline haemoplasma infections in Northern Serbia, identify potential risk factors and perform molecular subtyping of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Methods: PCR analysis for feline haemoplasmas was performed on surplus EDTA blood samples from 373 cats from the Belgrade region, Serbia. An ELISA was used to determine the prevalence of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and FIV; PCR was performed on a subpopulation of these cats...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Marina Dominguez Ruiz, Jessica Grant, Juan Hernandez
Case summary: This report describes a 10-year-old female spayed Russian Blue cat presented with a 5 month history of respiratory difficulty. Thoracic radiographs were suggestive of a central airway obstruction. Bronchoscopy revealed a broad-base mass in the region of the carina. Bronchoscopic debulking was performed using a urinary catheter. Histopathology confirmed the presence of a tracheobronchial carcinoma. Survival from diagnosis was 16 months (480 days), over which time the cat underwent three endoscopic debulking procedures in combination with doxorubicin chemotherapy...
January 2018: JFMS open reports
Daniel J Adams, Jolie A Demchur, Lillian R Aronson
Case summary: A 10-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat underwent renal transplantation due to worsening chronic kidney disease secondary to polycystic kidney disease. During transplantation, the right kidney grossly appeared to be more diseased than the left and was firmly adhered to the surrounding tissues. An intraoperative fine-needle aspirate of the right native kidney revealed inflammatory cells but no evidence of neoplasia. To create space for the allograft, a right nephrectomy was performed...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Stanley W Blazejewski, G Diane Shelton
Case summary: A 1-year-old male neutered mixed breed cat presented with a 2 month history of inability to fully open the mouth when yawning and decreased ability to prehend food. Physical examination revealed severe bilaterally symmetrical masticatory muscle atrophy, a restricted vertical mandibular range of motion of 11-12 mm, and a normal body condition score. Skull radiography was normal. A canine ELISA system against unique masticatory muscle fibers (2M antibody titer), was positive at 1:1000 (reference interval <1:100 in dogs, and was <1:100 using serum from five archived normal cats), indicating the presence of cross-reacting antibodies...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Ryohei Suzuki, Yohei Mochizuki, Hiroki Yoshimatsu, Ayaka Niina, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto, Hidekazu Koyama
Case summary: A 6-month-old female cat with a history of chronic regurgitation presented with weight loss. CT angiography (CTA) showed severe constriction of the oesophagus due to an aberrant right subclavian artery and Kommerell's diverticulum. The cat was surgically treated and remained clinically normal. More than 1 year after surgery, the general condition of the cat was stable and body weight had increased. Relevance and novel information: This case report describes the clinical findings and surgical management of a cat diagnosed with severe oesophageal constriction caused by an aberrant right subclavian artery with Kommerell's diverticulum (markedly dilated origin of the aberrant right subclavian artery), which are rare vascular anomalies in veterinary medicine and specifically in cats...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
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