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JFMS Open Reports

Carol Margolis, Maja Zakošek Pipan, Jolie Demchur, Matan Or, Paula Henthorn, Margret L Casal
Case series summary: The congenital midline defects of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) and omphalocele are believed to be related developmental defects, and have both been described in cats and dogs. This case series describes multiple cases of PPDH and omphalocele in related cats. The majority of cats affected with midline defects (PPDH or omphalocele) were male, consistent with previous reports of male overrepresentation. Relevance and novel information: This is the first report of a family of Persian cats affected by PPDH and/or omphalocele...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055116918795717.].
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Genya Shimbo, Michihito Tagawa, Masashi Yanagawa, Kazuro Miyahara
Case summary: A 2-year-old neutered female domestic shorthair cat presented with a history of hypodipsia, recurrent hypernatraemia, pelvic limb ataxia and tremor. The serum arginine vasopressin level was low for the serum osmolality. MRI of the brain revealed a failure of separation of the cerebrum, which manifested as absence of the rostral part of the corpus callosum, fornix and septum pellucidum, thus resulting in a single fused ventricle. The diagnosis was lobar holoprosencephaly with hypodipsic hypernatraemia...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Takafumi Osumi, Ikki Mitsui, Christian M Leutenegger, Ryo Okabe, Kaori Ide, Koji Nishifuji
Case summary: A 32-month-old spayed female Singapura cat presented with a non-pruritic erythematous nodule on the upper lip. The cat also had multiple nodules in the liver but exhibited no other clinical signs consistent with classical feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), such as pleural effusion or ascites, uveitis or neurological symptoms. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of the cutaneous nodule revealed pyogranulomatous dermatitis with intralesional macrophages laden with feline coronavirus (FCoV) antigen...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Alessandro Conte, Emma Scurrell, Stephen J Baines
Case summary: A solitary, sessile, non-ulcerated, freely mobile cutaneous mass approximately 1 cm in diameter on the left temporal region of a 7-year-old neutered female cat was examined. A fine-needle aspirate and wedge biopsy were performed by the referring veterinary surgeon and indicated a neoplasm of uncertain cell lineage. On histopathological examination, the deep dermis contained a discrete, non-encapsulated and vascular neoplasm with morphological and immunophenotypical features typical of a glomus cell tumour...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Pompei Bolfa, Chris Larson, Andrea Peda, David Hilchie, Mary M Christopher, Mary Anna Thrall
Case summary: A 6-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat presented with non-regenerative macrocytic anemia of 2 years' duration and minimally ambulatory paraparesis. Neurologic examination suggested an upper motor neuron paresis or T3-L3 myelopathy. The cat was positive for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), neutropenic, had polyclonal gammopathy and was euthanized following a hemolytic crisis. At autopsy, multifocal bilateral dark red masses were observed subpleurally around the costochondral junctions, extradurally and paraspinally in the spinal canal, and paravertebrally, on the lateral and ventral subpleural surfaces of the T4-11 vertebrae...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Peter Southerden, Duncan M Barnes
Case summary: Two cats were presented with mandibular fractures following head trauma. Following a CT scan, both were diagnosed with fractures of the ramus. The CT scans were used to print three-dimensional (3D) models of the mandibular fractures, which were used to pre-contour stainless steel mini-plates. These were fixed to the models and the screw positions used to produce a stainless steel template. The template was used as a pattern during surgery to drill holes in the ramus so that the pre-contoured mini-plates could be fixed in the exact same position as they had been on the 3D model...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055116917727137.].
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
James Crowley, Timothy Foo, Lara Boland, Laurencie Brunel
Case summary: A congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt was attenuated with commercial roll cellophane banding in a cat and postoperative liver changes were monitored using CT angiography (CTA). The patient clinically improved after cellophane banding, characterised by resolution of hepatic encephalopathy, weight gain, reference interval (RI) bile acid stimulation tests, as well as CTA-documented increased liver size, increased hepatic vasculature and shunt attenuation. Six months later the cat re-presented with recurrence of clinical signs and increased bile acids...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Simone Niederhäuser, Luzia Klauser, Jürg Bolliger, Ute Friedel, Sarah Schmitt, Maja Ruetten, Craig E Greene, Giovanni Ghielmetti
Case summary: A 9-year-old cat was referred with multiple, raised, ulcerative skin nodules in the region of the neck and dorsal head. Histopathological findings of a biopsied nodule were granulomatous dermatitis and panniculitis without multinucleated giant cells or caseous necrosis. In addition, by Ziehl-Neelsen staining numerous acid-fast intracellular bacilli were observed within the lesions. Mycobacterial culture showed growth of rough scotochromogenic colonies after 3 weeks of incubation...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Ashley R Wilkinson, Susan V Carr, Shawna L Klahn, Nikolaos G Dervisis, Cory R Hanks
Case summary: A 12-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for a 10 month history of weight loss. Thin body condition and a grade II/VI systolic parasternal heart murmur was noted during examination. Moderate-to-severe anemia and intermittent thrombocytopenia were identified on serial complete blood counts. Antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were detected, but vaccination for FIV occurred previously. Echocardiography revealed biatrial and biventricular enlargement, left ventricular hypertrophy and pericardial effusion...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Katrina Yee-Ka Cheng, Mark Krockenberger, Peter Bennett
Case summary: A 12-year-old entire domestic shorthair was evaluated for a 5 week history of intermittent vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a multi-lobulated heterogeneous mass adjacent to the mesenteric vessels. Cytology from fine-needle aspirates was non-diagnostic. Histopathology from a Tru-cut biopsy was consistent with haemangiosarcoma. The cat was treated with metronomic chemotherapy using oral cyclophosphamide. The cat remained clinically well and was euthanased 10 months after diagnosis owing to development of a haemoabdomen...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Cécile Dor, Jessica L Adamany, Caroline Kisielewicz, Simone de Brot, Kerstin Erles, Marc P Dhumeaux
Case summary: A 5-year-old male neutered Persian cat was referred for investigation of a 4 week history of weight loss, inappetence and intermittent vomiting. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and inflammatory bowel disease were diagnosed, and despite immunosuppressive therapy and assisted enteral nutrition, the cat experienced persistent anorexia, vomiting and severe weight loss. After 2 additional weeks of treatment, the cat developed acute-onset neurological signs associated with severe hyperammonaemia and was euthanased...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Carla Silveira, Livia Benigni, Kaye Gugich, Janet Kovak McClaran
Case summary: A 9-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with a 2 day history of anorexia and vomiting. A minimum database, including a complete blood count, serum biochemistry profile and urinalysis were unremarkable apart from a toxic neutrophilic left shift and borderline proteinuria. Abdominal ultrasound revealed intramural gas entrapment with thinning of the gastric wall, a hypoechoic pancreas, peritoneal fluid and a small volume of peritoneal gas along with a hyperechoic mesentery...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Yohei Sakai, Toshinori Yoshida, Makoto Shibutani, Keitaro Ohmori
Case summary: A spayed female mixed breed cat of unknown age (presumably more than 9 years old), weighing 2.9 kg, was presented with a 4 day history of lethargy, anorexia and vomiting following oral administration of calcium fosfomycin (20 mg/kg q12h). A serum biochemical analysis revealed a dramatic increase in the levels of blood urea nitrogen (>140 mg/dl) and creatinine (15.3 mg/dl), and hypercalcaemia (13.1 mg/dl), hyperphosphataemia (13.3 mg/dl) and hyperkalaemia (6.1 mmol/l)...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Amanda J Young, Sheila M Torres, Sandra N Koch
Case summary: A 9-year-old male neutered Devon Rex cat presented with bilaterally symmetrical ulcerative lesions with mucopurulent exudate that developed rapidly. The lesions were apparent on the axillae, ventral abdomen and inguinal areas. The cat was systemically well. Piroxicam was being administered for palliative treatment of a previously diagnosed salivary adenocarcinoma. Histopathology revealed severe extensive epidermal ulceration with focal dyskeratotic keratinocytes in the stratum granulosum without lymphocyte satellitosis...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Chaoqun Yao, Liza Köster, Brandon Halper, James Dundas, Rajeev Nair
Objectives: For over two decades, feline trichomonosis caused by Tritrichomonas foetus has been recognized as a large-bowel protozoan disease of the domestic cat. It has a wide distribution, but no reports exist in the Caribbean. The objectives of this study were to detect the presence of T foetus and its prevalence in the domestic cat on St Kitts, West Indies. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed between September 2014 and December 2015. This study recruited 115 feral cats from a trap-neuter-return program and 37 owned cats treated as outpatients at the university veterinary clinic...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Dennis J Woerde, Karon L Hoffmann, Narelle L Brown
Case summary: An 11-month-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for further investigation of a 1 month history of generalised tonic-clonic seizures. Physical examination revealed microphthalmia of the left eye and right-sided hemiparesis. MRI of the brain and cranial neck was performed using a 1.5-Tesla system. MRI revealed a left frontoethmoidal encephalocele and microphthalmia of the left eye. Conservative treatment with antiepileptic medication was elected. The cat was managed on phenobarbitone and levetiracetam...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Bethânia Ferreira Bastos, Beatriz Brener, Mariana Alves de Figueiredo, Daniela Leles, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida
Case series summary: Chronic diarrhea is a common and recurring problem in feline medicine. Intestinal trichomonads have been reported as causative agents of diarrhea in cats. While Pentatrichomonas hominis is considered commensal, Tritrichomonas foetus has been found to cause feline large bowel diarrhea in cats. In our report, two young cats infected with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and presenting with chronic diarrhea were identified as having trichomonads in their feces, based on direct examination and fecal culture...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Jayne A McGhie, Ian D Gibson, Aaron M Herndon
Case summary: A 3-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat sustained a severe sacrococcygeal luxation post-motor vehicle trauma. Six days post-trauma, a fluid-filled swelling was noticed over the caudoventral abdomen and inguinal regions. Needle aspiration, closed suction drain placement and debridement with subcutaneous tacking were all attempted but failed to resolve the continued accumulation of serosanguinous lymphocyte-rich fluid in the subcutaneous pocket. Clinical resolution was ultimately achieved after surgical debridement and omentalisation of the lesion...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
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