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JFMS Open Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872537/-pentatrichomonas-hominis-infection-in-two-domestic-cats-with-chronic-diarrhea
#1
Bethânia Ferreira Bastos, Beatriz Brener, Mariana Alves de Figueiredo, Daniela Leles, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida
Case series summary: Chronic diarrhea is a common and recurring problem in feline medicine. Intestinal trichomonads have been reported as causative agents of diarrhea in cats. While Pentatrichomonas hominis is considered commensal, Tritrichomonas foetus has been found to cause feline large bowel diarrhea in cats. In our report, two young cats infected with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and presenting with chronic diarrhea were identified as having trichomonads in their feces, based on direct examination and fecal culture...
January 2018: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854414/morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesions-a-phenomenon-in-cats-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Jayne A McGhie, Ian D Gibson, Aaron M Herndon
Case summary: A 3-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat sustained a severe sacrococcygeal luxation post-motor vehicle trauma. Six days post-trauma, a fluid-filled swelling was noticed over the caudoventral abdomen and inguinal regions. Needle aspiration, closed suction drain placement and debridement with subcutaneous tacking were all attempted but failed to resolve the continued accumulation of serosanguinous lymphocyte-rich fluid in the subcutaneous pocket. Clinical resolution was ultimately achieved after surgical debridement and omentalisation of the lesion...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854413/novel-treatment-using-topical-malachite-green-for-nasal-phaeohyphomycosis-caused-by-a-new-cladophialophora-species-in-a-cat
#3
Ian J Brooks, Stuart A Walton, Justin Shmalberg, Autumn Harris
Case summary: A 1.5-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with a 2 month history of progressive nasal swelling and hyporexia. Minimal improvement prior to referral was achieved with a course of antibiotics and glucocorticoids. Cytology of an ulcerative lesion on the dorsal aspect of the nose was consistent with a diagnosis of phaeohyphomycosis. The cat achieved static disease for 6 weeks following initiation of itraconazole but developed epistaxis at 9 weeks. CT of the head demonstrated nasal and frontal sinus involvement...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854412/prevalence-and-risk-factor-analysis-for-feline-haemoplasmas-in-cats-from-northern-serbia-with-molecular-subtyping-of-feline-immunodeficiency-virus
#4
Elpida Sarvani, Séverine Tasker, Milica Kovacˇević Filipović, Jelena Francuski Andrić, Nenad Andrić, Larissa Aquino, Sarah English, Charalampos Attipa, Christian M Leutenegger, Chris R Helps, Kostas Papasouliotis
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of feline haemoplasma infections in Northern Serbia, identify potential risk factors and perform molecular subtyping of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Methods: PCR analysis for feline haemoplasmas was performed on surplus EDTA blood samples from 373 cats from the Belgrade region, Serbia. An ELISA was used to determine the prevalence of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and FIV; PCR was performed on a subpopulation of these cats...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780608/bronchoscopic-debulking-of-a-feline-tracheobronchial-carcinoma-and-long-term-outcome
#5
Marina Dominguez Ruiz, Jessica Grant, Juan Hernandez
Case summary: This report describes a 10-year-old female spayed Russian Blue cat presented with a 5 month history of respiratory difficulty. Thoracic radiographs were suggestive of a central airway obstruction. Bronchoscopy revealed a broad-base mass in the region of the carina. Bronchoscopic debulking was performed using a urinary catheter. Histopathology confirmed the presence of a tracheobronchial carcinoma. Survival from diagnosis was 16 months (480 days), over which time the cat underwent three endoscopic debulking procedures in combination with doxorubicin chemotherapy...
January 2018: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780607/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-cat-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#6
Daniel J Adams, Jolie A Demchur, Lillian R Aronson
Case summary: A 10-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat underwent renal transplantation due to worsening chronic kidney disease secondary to polycystic kidney disease. During transplantation, the right kidney grossly appeared to be more diseased than the left and was firmly adhered to the surrounding tissues. An intraoperative fine-needle aspirate of the right native kidney revealed inflammatory cells but no evidence of neoplasia. To create space for the allograft, a right nephrectomy was performed...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780606/trismus-masticatory-myositis-and-antibodies-against-type-2m-fibers-in-a-mixed-breed-cat
#7
Stanley W Blazejewski, G Diane Shelton
Case summary: A 1-year-old male neutered mixed breed cat presented with a 2 month history of inability to fully open the mouth when yawning and decreased ability to prehend food. Physical examination revealed severe bilaterally symmetrical masticatory muscle atrophy, a restricted vertical mandibular range of motion of 11-12 mm, and a normal body condition score. Skull radiography was normal. A canine ELISA system against unique masticatory muscle fibers (2M antibody titer), was positive at 1:1000 (reference interval <1:100 in dogs, and was <1:100 using serum from five archived normal cats), indicating the presence of cross-reacting antibodies...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770227/severe-oesophageal-constriction-due-to-an-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-with-kommerell-s-diverticulum-in-a-cat
#8
Ryohei Suzuki, Yohei Mochizuki, Hiroki Yoshimatsu, Ayaka Niina, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto, Hidekazu Koyama
Case summary: A 6-month-old female cat with a history of chronic regurgitation presented with weight loss. CT angiography (CTA) showed severe constriction of the oesophagus due to an aberrant right subclavian artery and Kommerell's diverticulum. The cat was surgically treated and remained clinically normal. More than 1 year after surgery, the general condition of the cat was stable and body weight had increased. Relevance and novel information: This case report describes the clinical findings and surgical management of a cat diagnosed with severe oesophageal constriction caused by an aberrant right subclavian artery with Kommerell's diverticulum (markedly dilated origin of the aberrant right subclavian artery), which are rare vascular anomalies in veterinary medicine and specifically in cats...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707227/diabetes-mellitus-remission-in-a-cat-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-after-trilostane-treatment
#9
Adriana Cunha Muschner, Fernanda Venzon Varela, Katarina Hazuchova, Stijn Jm Niessen, Álan Gomes Pöppl
Case summary: An 8-year-old male neutered Persian cat was presented with polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and muscle weakness associated with a 7 month history of diabetes mellitus (DM). The cat had initially been treated with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin 2 U q12h, followed by porcine lente insulin 2 U q12h and, most recently, 3 U glargine insulin q12h, without improvement of clinical signs. The cat also suffered from concurrent symmetrical bilateral alopecia of thorax and forelimbs, abdominal distension and lethargy...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662682/delayed-intestinal-perforation-secondary-to-blunt-force-abdominal-trauma-in-a-cat
#10
A Taylor, E Cooper, K Ham
Case summary: A 7-month-old intact male domestic shorthair cat was presented 4 h after being hit by a car. It had bilateral inguinal hernias and a mesenteric rent that were repaired surgically and a hematoma in the left retroperitoneal space. No other intra-abdominal abnormalities were identified on abdominal surgical exploration. Approximately 72 h after presentation, the cat started vomiting and developed severe abdominal discomfort. A sudden decrease in mentation and elevation of respiratory rate and effort ensued...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568542/mammary-fibroadenomatous-hyperplasia-in-a-male-cat
#11
Saray Lorna Mayayo, Stefano Bo, Maria Carmela Pisu
Case summary: Mammary fibroadenomatous hyperplasia (MFH) is a benign pathology characterised by extensive proliferation of the ductal epithelium and mammary stroma. It typically occurs in young female cats, and seems to result from hypersensitivity to progesterone. A 2-year-old entire male European Shorthair cat presented to the veterinary clinic with enlargement of several mammary glands, which had developed within the previous 10 days. There was no prior administration of progestin in the cat's medical history...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568541/prevalence-of-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-and-feline-leukaemia-virus-infection-in-malaysia-a-retrospective-study
#12
Amilan Sivagurunathan, Asem M Atwa, Remo Lobetti
Objectives: Feline ownership is popular and represents the largest segment of the pet population in Malaysia. Most feline owners own, on average, 2-3 cats, with some having >10 cats per household. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) are two clinically important viral infections in cats. Documenting the prevalence of these diseases in the feline population is important for both veterinarians and the public. Methods: This was a retrospective study, using data collected from the domestic cat population seen at a 24 h private veterinary hospital in Malaysia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV in an urban area and risk factors associated with these infections...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552354/juvenile-hyposomatotropism-in-a-somali-cat-presenting-with-seizures-due-to-intermittent-hypoglycaemia
#13
Maya Laura König, Diana Henke, Katja Adamik, Cristina Pérez Vera
Case summary: A 3-month-old intact male Somali cat was evaluated for a history of seizures, hypoglycaemia and mental dullness 4 weeks after being bitten in the head by a dog. The cat's body size and weight were approximately half that of his littermates and its haircoat was woolly, with fewer guard hairs. Multiple hypoglycaemic episodes were documented over a period of 4 weeks, which resolved rapidly after correction of the hypoglycaemia. Juvenile hyposomatotropism was presumptively diagnosed by demonstrating low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 and after exclusion of other endocrine and non-endocrine causes of small stature and hypoglycaemia...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552353/traumatic-l7-articular-processes-fracture-and-spondylolisthesis-following-dorsal-lumbosacral-laminectomy-in-a-cat
#14
Anna Suñol, Patricia Montoliu, Marta López, Joan Mascort, Carles Morales
Case summary: A 12-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented to our referral hospital with a chronic history of tenesmus and lumbosacral pain. A diagnosis of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) was made and a standard dorsal L7-S1 laminectomy was performed uneventfully, with complete recovery within 1 month. The cat was brought back 4 months later for investigation of lumbosacral pain after having suffered a minor traumatic event. Neurological examination identified a low tail carriage, weakness, exercise intolerance, left pelvic limb lameness and diminished withdrawal reflexes in both pelvic limbs with severe sacrocaudal pain...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552352/cutaneous-non-epitheliotropic-t-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-a-fracture-site-in-a-cat
#15
Selvi Jegatheeson, Julie Wayne, Laura K Brockley
Case summary: A 7-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for investigation of a swelling over the right forelimb. Radiographs of the right forelimb revealed significant lysis and soft tissue swelling surrounding a previously implanted surgical plate, used to repair a fracture of the distal radius 5 years prior. The implant was removed, and a biopsy was collected. Histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry diagnosed a non-epitheliotropic T-cell cutaneous lymphoma...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531776/mri-findings-of-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-in-a-cat
#16
Crystal White, Jeremy Mortier, Ranieri Verin, Thomas Maddox, Rita Goncalves, Daniel Sanchez-Masian
Case summary: A 2-year-old male domestic shorthair cat presented to the University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital with a 2 week history of altered mentation, blindness and focal epileptic seizures. MRI examination revealed generalised cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, diffuse T2-weighted hyperintensity of the white matter and meningeal thickening. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis was confirmed on post-mortem examination. Relevance and novel information: This is the first report of the MRI findings of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in a cat...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487747/extranodal-non-b-non-t-cell-lymphoma-with-bilateral-tympanic-bulla-involvement-in-a-cat
#17
Austin T Kerns, Kelsey A Brakel, Christopher Premanandan, Ashlie Saffire, Sarah A Moore
Case summary: A 9-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat with clinical signs suggestive of chronic recurrent otitis media and recent seizures was presented with multifocal nervous system disease, including bilateral central and/or peripheral vestibular, cerebellar and forebrain deficits. Prior to presentation, there was inadequate improvement after 6 weeks of treatment for bilateral middle ear effusion from which a highly susceptible Staphylococcus species was cultured. This was followed by the development of seizures...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449957/early-detection-of-myocardial-dysfunction-using-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-a-young-cat-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#18
Ryohei Suzuki, Yohei Mochizuki, Hiroki Yoshimatsu, Ayaka Niina, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto, Hidekazu Koyama
Case summary: A 5-month-old intact female Scottish Fold cat was presented for cardiac evaluation. Careful auscultation detected a slight systolic murmur (Levine I/VI). The findings of electrocardiography, thoracic radiography, non-invasive blood pressure measurements and conventional echocardiographic studies were unremarkable. However, two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography revealed abnormalities in myocardial deformations, including decreased early-to-late diastolic strain rate ratios in longitudinal, radial and circumferential directions, and deteriorated segmental systolic longitudinal strain...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449956/bilateral-bronchial-stent-deployment-for-palliative-treatment-of-a-compressive-intrathoracic-mass-in-a-cat
#19
Kieran Borgeat, Kerry Simpson, David Reese, Helen Wilson, Joanna Potter, Daniel Ogden
Case summary: Bronchial stents may be useful to relieve clinical signs of extraluminal compression. Herein we describe a case which, to our knowledge, is the first cat where bilateral bronchial stents have been used clinically. Respiratory signs of principal bronchial compression were alleviated after the stent procedure. Minor complications occurred, specifically: severe hypoxia during stent deployment; a transient, self-limiting postoperative pneumothorax possibly associated with ventilation-induced lung injury; bronchopneumonia (possibly pre-existing); and transient worsening of cough postoperatively...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399369/prevalence-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-infection-in-feral-cats-in-massachusetts
#20
Erin R Galemore, Mary A Labato, Elizabeth O'Neil
Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection and exposure in adult feral cats in Massachusetts, an endemic area for A phagocytophilum and its tick vector Ixodes scapularis . The secondary objective was to determine if there were correlations between A phagocytophilum infection and the presence of anemia and thrombocytopenia. Methods: Blood samples were collected between June and December 2015 from 175 apparently healthy adult feral cats that were presented to trap and release spay/neuter centers in Massachusetts...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
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