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Heike E Daldrup-Link
An explosion of scientific publications over the last decades has increased the need for review articles: Carefully crafted scientific review articles can provide the novice reader with an overview of a new subject and provide the expert with a synthesis of scientific evidence, proof of reproducibility of published data and pooled estimates of common truth through meta-analyses. Unfortunately, while there are ample presentations and published guidelines for the preparation of scientific articles available, detailed information about how to properly prepare scientific review articles is relatively scarce...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Claudia Koch, Arshak Poghossian, Michael J Schöning, Christina Wege
The presentation of enzymes on viral scaffolds has beneficial effects such as an increased enzyme loading and a prolonged reusability in comparison to conventional immobilization platforms. Here, we used modified tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) nanorods as enzyme carriers in penicillin G detection for the first time. Penicillinase enzymes were conjugated with streptavidin and coupled to TMV rods by use of a bifunctional biotin-linker. Penicillinase-decorated TMV particles were characterized extensively in halochromic dye-based biosensing...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Pedro Miguel Costa, Julie Tzu-Wen Wang, Jean-François Morfin, Tamanna Khanum, Wan To, Jane Sosabowski, Eva Tóth, Khuloud T Al-Jamal
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by brain accumulation of toxic protein aggregates, including extracellular amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques, inflammation, neuronal death and progressive cognitive dysfunction. Current diagnostic modalities, based on cognitive tests, fail to detect early AD onset, thus emphasising the need to develop improved methods for pre-symptomatic disease detection. Building on the properties of the Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB), an Aβ-binding molecule suitable to use as positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent, and aiming at using a more clinically available modality (like magnetic ressonance imaging, MRI), PiB derivatives have been conjugated to the macrocyclic chelator 1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (DO3A) monoamide...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Lin Wei, Di Zhang, Xuanfang Zheng, Xuyao Zeng, Youlin Zeng, Xinbo Shi, Xin Su, Lehui Xiao
Development of efficient non-viral gene delivery vector has aroused great attention in the past few decades. In this study, we reported a new gene delivery vector, positively charged fluorescent conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNPs), for efficient gene transfection and in-situ intracellular fluorescence imaging. The microscopic and spectroscopic characterizations demonstrated that these CPNPs possess decent fluorescence performance (e.g. with fluorescence quantum yield of 70.7±0.3%) and small size dimension of ~3...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Yong Cheol Shin, Chuntae Kim, Su-Jin Song, Seungwon Jun, Chang-Seok Kim, Suck Won Hong, Suong-Hyu Hyon, Dong-Wook Han, Jin-Woo Oh
Recently, there have been tremendous efforts to develop the biofunctional scaffolds by incorporating various biochemical factors. In the present study, we fabricated poly(lactic- co -glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanofiber sheets decorated with graphene oxide (GO) and RGD peptide. The decoration of GO and RGD peptide was readily achieved by using RGD peptide-displaying M13 bacteriophage (RGD-M13 phage) and electrospinning. Furthermore, the aligned GO-decorated PLGA/RGD peptide (GO-PLGA/RGD) ternary nanofiber sheets were prepared by magnetic field-assisted electrospinning, and their potentials as bifunctional scaffolds for facilitating myogenesis were explored...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Samuel Herberg, Daniel Varghai, Yuxuan Cheng, Anna D Dikina, Phuong N Dang, Marsha W Rolle, Eben Alsberg
Emerging biomimetic tissue engineering strategies aim to partially recapitulate fundamental events that transpire during embryonic skeletal development; namely, cellular self-organization and targeted morphogenetic pathway activation. Here, we describe self-assembled, scaffold-free human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) rings featuring microparticle-mediated presentation of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). We tested the hypothesis that spatiotemporally-controlled dual presentation of TGF-β1 and BMP-2 is superior in modulating in vitro endochondral ossification of high-density cellular constructs compared to single morphogen delivery...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Daeil Choi, Sangmin Jeon, Dong Gil You, Wooram Um, Jeong-Yeon Kim, Hong Yeol Yoon, Hyeyoun Chang, Dong-Eog Kim, Jae Hyung Park, Hyuncheol Kim, Kwangmeyung Kim
Development of biopolymer-based imaging agents which can access rapidly and provide detailed information about the diseases has received much attention as an alternative to conventional imaging agents. However, development of biopolymer-based nanomaterials for tumor imaging still remains challenging due to their low sensitivity and image resolution. To surmount of these limitations, multimodal imaging agents have been developed, and they were widely utilized for theranostic applications. Herein, iodine containing echogenic glycol chitosan nanoparticles are developed for x-ray computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) imaging of tumor diagnosis...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Ssu-Yu Lin, Rih-Yang Huang, Wei-Chen Liao, Chun-Chiao Chuang, Chien-Wen Chang
A multifunctional albumin/superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPIO) nanocomplex system to deliver IR780, a photothermal agent, for cancer theranostic applications was proposed in this study. Single emulsion method was utilized to fabricate the human albumin/IR780/SPIO (HISP) nanocomplexes with a hydrophobic core (SPIO and IR780) and a hydrophilic shell (human serum albumin (HSA) and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)). Effects of PEGylation on the size and surface potential of nanocomplexes were analyzed. Nanospheres containing uniformly dispersed SPIO was observed using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) imaging...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Jing Li, Jin Huang, Xiaohai Yang, Yanjing Yang, Ke Quan, Nuli Xie, Yanan Wu, Changbei Ma, Kemin Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have become an ideal biomarker candidate for early diagnosis of diseases. But various diseases involve changes in the expression of different miRNAs. Therefore, multiplexed assay of miRNAs in live cells can provide critical information for our better understanding of their roles in cells and further validating of their function in clinical diagnoses. Simultaneous detection of multiple biomarkers could effectively improve the accuracy of early cancer diagnosis. Here, we develop the two-color-based nanoflares for simultaneously detecting two distinct miRNA targets inside live cells...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Qiang Zhang, Wenjun Shan, Chaochao Ai, Zhiwei Chen, Tiantian Zhou, Xiaolin Lv, Xi Zhou, Shefang Ye, Lei Ren, Xiumin Wang
To accomplish effective cancer imaging and integrated therapy, the multifunctional nanotheranostic Fe3 O4 -MTX@HBc core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) were designed. A straightforward method was demonstrated for efficient encapsulation of magnetic NPs into the engineered virus-like particles (VLPs) through the affinity of histidine tags for the methotrexate (MTX)-Ni2+ chelate. HBc144 -His VLPs shell could protect Fe3 O4 -MTX NPs from the recognition by the reticuloendothelial system as well as could increase their cellular uptake efficiency...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Sonali, Matte Kasi Viswanadh, Rahul Pratap Singh, Poornima Agrawal, Abhishesh Kumar Mehata, Datta Maroti Pawde, Narendra, Roshan Sonkar, Madaswamy Sona Muthu
Nanotheranostics have demonstrated the development of advanced platforms that can diagnose brain cancer at early stages, initiate first-line therapy, monitor it, and if needed, rapidly start subsequent treatments. In brain nanotheranostics, therapeutic as well as diagnostic entities are loaded in a single nanoplatform, which can be further developed as a clinical formulation for targeting various modes of brain cancer. In the present review, we concerned about theranostic nanosystems established till now in the research field...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Le Liu, Zheng Ruan, Pan Yuan, Tuanwei Li, Lifeng Yan
Near infrared (NIR) imaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) is remarkable for its high-efficiency in "see and treat" field. However, hypoxia of cancer cell limits PDT dues to the low singlet oxygen yield. Here MnO2 conjugated multifunctional polypeptide nanoparticles encapsulating photosensitizer BODIPY has been prepared via a one-step reaction, which can generate oxygen in cancer cytoplasm where rich of H2 O2 , following singlet oxygen by photosensitizer under NIR light irradiation. In vitro studies on HepG2 and 4T1 cancer cells revealed that the as-prepared nanoparticles obviously increase the cell suppression rate under hypoxia conditions, even exposed to an extremely low light energy density (25 mW/cm2 )...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Huong Giang Nguyen, Kamolrat Metavarayuth, Qian Wang
A major aim of tissue engineering is to develop biomimetic scaffolding materials that can guide the proliferation, self-renewal and differentiation of multipotent stem cells into specific lineages. Cellular functions can be controlled by the interactions between cells and biomaterials. Therefore, the surface chemistry and topography of support materials play a pivotal role in modulating cell behaviors at many stages of cell growth and development. Due to their highly ordered structure and programmable surface chemistries, which provide unique topography as biomaterials, viral nanoparticles have been utilized as building blocks for targeted cell growth and differentiation...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Qinqin Huang, Yin Wang, Xingxiang Chen, Yimeng Wang, Zhiqiang Li, Shiming Du, Lianrong Wang, Shi Chen
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are cancer cells that shed from a primary tumor and circulate in the bloodstream. As a form of "tumor liquid biopsy", CTCs provide important information for the mechanistic investigation of cancer metastasis and the measurement of tumor genotype evolution during treatment and disease progression. However, the extremely low abundance of CTCs in the peripheral blood and the heterogeneity of CTCs make their isolation and characterization major technological challenges. Recently, nanotechnologies have been developed for sensitive CTC detection; such technologies will enable better cell and molecular characterization and open up a wide range of clinical applications, including early disease detection and evaluation of treatment response and disease progression...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Chunyan Cai, Zhenzhong Guo, Yiping Cao, Weiying Zhang, Yong Chen
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), which includes DNA mutations, epigenetic alterations and other forms of tumor-specific abnormalities, is a promising "real-time" biomarker for noninvasive cancer assessment. Tumor DNA is of great value in the process of cancer treatment, including diagnostic and prognostic information before, during treatment and at progression. Here we introduce a peptide nucleic acids probe-gold nanoparticles (PNA-AuNPs) and lead phosphate apoferritin (LPA)-based dual biomarker detection platform, which could be used in a DNA biosensor to quantify ctDNA by detection of tumor-specific mutations and methylation of PIK3CA gene...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Surong Zhang, Suresh Gupta, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Alexei A Bogdanov
Constitutively activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) factor is an important therapeutic target in head and neck cancer (HNC). Despite early promising results, a reliable systemic delivery system for STAT3- targeted oligonucleotide (ODN) drugs is still needed for future clinical translation of anti-STAT3 therapies. We engineered and tested a novel ODN duplex/gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-based system carrying a therapeutic STAT3 decoy (STAT3d) payload. This strategy is two-pronged because of the additive STAT3 antagonism and radiosensitizing properties of AuNP...
2018: Nanotheranostics
Fangyuan Xiong, Sabnis Nirupama, Shashank R Sirsi, Andras Lacko, Kenneth Hoyt
The abnormal tumor vasculature and the resulting abnormal microenvironment are major barriers to optimal chemotherapeutic drug delivery. It is well known that ultrasound (US) can increase the permeability of the tumor vessel walls and enhance the accumulation of anticancer agents. Reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL) nanoparticles (NPs) allow selective delivery of anticancer agents to tumor cells via their overexpressed scavenger receptor type B1 (SR-B1) receptor. The goal of this study is to investigate the potential of noninvasive US therapy to further improve delivery and tumor uptake of the payload from rHDL NPs, preloaded with an infrared dye (IR-780), aimed to establish a surrogate chemotherapeutic model with optical localization...
2017: Nanotheranostics
Renfa Liu, Jie Tang, Yunxue Xu, Yiming Zhou, Zhifei Dai
The development of biocompatiable efficient photothermal coupling agent (PCA) for image-guided photothermal therapy of cancer has gained increasing interests in recent years. Although various PCAs have been developed, the clinical translations of these materials have been largely hindered by the potential biosafety issues and challenges of scaling-up manufactures. In this research, we proposed nano-sized indocyanine green (ICG) J-aggregate (IJA) as a promising PCA which is fabricated by a very facile method using clinical-approved ICG as the only excipient...
2017: Nanotheranostics
Masaharu Somiya, Qiushi Liu, Shun'ichi Kuroda
Nanomedicines often involve the use of nanocarriers as a delivery system for drugs or genes for maximizing the therapeutic effect and/or minimizing the adverse effect. From drug administration to therapeutic activity, nanocarriers must evade the host's immune system, specifically and efficiently target and enter the cell, and release their payload into the cell cytoplasm by endosomal escape. These processes constitute the early infection stage of viruses. Viruses are a powerful natural nanomaterial for the efficient delivery of genetic information by sophisticated mechanisms...
2017: Nanotheranostics
Lei Wang, Fengchun Huang, Gaozhe Cai, Lan Yao, Huilin Zhang, Jianhan Lin
The continuous outbreaks of foodborne diseases have drawn public attentions to food safety. Early screening of foodborne pathogens is crucial to prevent and control of foodborne diseases. In this study, a novel electrochemical aptasensor was developed for rapid and sensitive detection of E. coli O157:H7 using the coaxial capillary with immune magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for specific separation of the target bacteria, the urease with urea for amplification of the impedance signals, and the PCB gold electrode for measurement of the impedance change...
2017: Nanotheranostics
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