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Musculoskeletal Science & Practice

L Hollmann, M Halaki, S J Kamper, M Haber, K A Ginn
STUDY DESIGN: Observational: cross-sectional study. BACKGROUND: Idiopathic frozen shoulder is a common cause of severe and prolonged disability characterised by spontaneous onset of pain with progressive shoulder movement restriction. Although spontaneous recovery can be expected the average length of symptoms is 30 months. Chronic inflammation and various patterns of fibrosis and contracture of capsuloligamentous structures around the glenohumeral joint are considered to be responsible for the signs and symptoms associated with frozen shoulder, however, the pathoanatomy of this debilitating condition is not fully understood...
July 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Javier Martinez-Calderon, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Alejandro Luque-Suarez
BACKGROUND: Pain beliefs might play a role in the development, transition, and perpetuation of shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and critically appraise the association and the predictive value of pain beliefs on pain intensity and/or disability in shoulder pain. METHODS: An electronic search of PubMed, EBSCOhost, AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PubPsych, and grey literature was searched from inception to July 2017. Study selection was based on observational studies exploring the association and the predictive value of pain beliefs on pain intensity and/or disability in shoulder pain...
June 28, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
H Wittink, J Oosterhaven
INTRODUCTION: Patient education is a relatively new science within the field of health care. In the past it consisted mainly of the transfer of knowledge and mostly biomedically based advice. Research has shown this to not be effective and sometimes counterproductive. As health care has moved away from applying a traditional paternalistic approach of 'doctor knows best' to a patient-centred care approach, patient education must be tailored to meet persons' individual needs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this master paper is to increase awareness of patients' health literacy levels...
June 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Eva Sierra-Silvestre, Francesca Bosello, Josué Fernández-Carnero, Marco J M Hoozemans, Michel W Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Neurodynamic assessment and management are advocated for femoral nerve pathology. Contrary to neurodynamic techniques for other nerves, there is limited research that quantifies femoral nerve biomechanics. OBJECTIVES: To quantify longitudinal and transverse excursion of the femoral nerve during knee and neck movements. DESIGN: Single-group, experimental study, with within-participant comparisons. METHODS: High-resolution ultrasound recordings of the femoral nerve were made in the proximal thigh/groin region in 30 asymptomatic participants...
June 23, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Yong-Hao Pua, Cheryl Lian-Li Poon, Felicia Jie-Ting Seah, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Choo-Lye Ho, Foh-Lik Leong, Hwei-Chi Chong, Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim, Ross Alan Clark
BACKGROUND: Early quadriceps muscle strength assessment after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) provides timely information on progress, but little is known about the pain profile and predictive validity associated with common clinical muscle strength tests. This study aimed to, in patients with a recent TKA, examine the associations of isometric and isotonic quadriceps strength with gait speed, accounting for knee pain experienced during testing. METHODS: A sample of 76 patients (mean age 68 years; 46 women) with a recent TKA (median, 1...
June 23, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Alessandro Chiarotto, Carlotta Viti, Alberto Sulli, Maurizio Cutolo, Marco Testa, Daniele Piscitelli
BACKGROUND: Central sensitization (CS) is an important feature in patients with chronic pain. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) was developed with the goal of detecting the patients' symptoms related to CS. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at cross-culturally adapting the CSI into Italian, and at assessing its structural and construct validity in patients with different chronic pain disorders. DESIGN: Clinimetric study. METHODS: The Italian version of the CSI (CSI-I) was generated following forward and backward translations, expert committee review, and pilot-testing...
June 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Rajnee Mishra, Asir John Samuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Sue Greenhalgh, Laura Finucane, Chris Mercer, James Selfe
INTRODUCTION: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare condition that affects the nerves in the spine supplying the bladder, bowel and sexual function. Identification and subsequent urgent action is required to avoid permanent damage to these essential organs. Delays in diagnosis can have devastating and life changing consequences for patients and result in high cost negligence claims. PURPOSE: The purpose of this masterclass is to examine the current evidence and provide an evidence-based, clinically reasoned approach in the safe management of patients presenting with CES...
June 7, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Francois Maissan, Jan Pool, Eric Stutterheim, Harriet Wittink, Raymond Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is the fourth major cause of disability worldwide but sufficient evidence regarding treatment is not available. This study is a first exploratory attempt to gain insight into and consensus on the clinical reasoning of experts in patients with non-specific neck pain. OBJECTIVE: First, we aimed to inventory expert opinions regarding the indication for physiotherapy when, other than neck pain, no positive signs and symptoms and no positive diagnostic tests are present...
June 2, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Dirk Möller, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Christoff Zalpour
Many musicians suffer from playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) however many of the epidemiological surveys on PRMD do not utilize evaluated self-report instruments, especially as a tool to assess musculoskeletal pain intensity and pain interference in terms of function and psychosocial constructs. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Musculoskeletal Pain Intensity and Interference Questionnaire for Musicians (MPIIQM) into German, and validate it among a population of professional orchestral musicians...
May 31, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Pawel Linek, Anna Klepek, Tomasz Wolny, Grzegorz Mikołajowski
BACKGROUND: To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (US) measures of the abdominal muscle thickness in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients during early stages of adolescence has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra-rater reliability of US measures of the thickness of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and transversus abdominis (TrA) on convex and concave body sides in adolescents with IS. DESIGN: One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and reliability study...
May 3, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Astrid K Wahl, Gro Opseth, Sandra Nolte, Richard H Osborne, Gustav Bjørke, Anne Marit Mengshoel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between regular use of physiotherapy treatment, health locus of control and self-management competency in people with musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 507 patients between 18 and 70 years of age with musculoskeletal disorders who attended a physiotherapy clinic. The Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ) was used to assess self-management competency; the Health Locus of Control Scale (HLCS) was used to assess health locus of control...
April 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Linda J Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Elena Estébanez-de-Miguel, María Fortún-Agud, Sandra Jimenez-Del-Barrio, Santos Caudevilla-Polo, Elena Bueno-Gracia, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy has been shown to increase range of motion (ROM) in hip osteoarthritis (OA). However, the optimal intensity of force during joint mobilization is not known. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of high, medium and low mobilization forces for increasing range of motion (ROM) in patients with hip OA and to analyze the effect size of the mobilization. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients with unilateral hip OA were randomized to three groups: low, medium or high force mobilization group...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Irene de la Rosa-Díaz, María Torres-Lacomba, Paz Acosta-Ramírez, Itxaso García-de Orive, Robert J Nee, Pedro de la Villa-Polo, Eva M Andrés-Esteban, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez
Myoelectric activity and range of motion during ULNT1 were recorded in 62 breast cancer (BC) survivors who had axillary lymph node dissection (n = 30) or sentinel lymph node biopsy (n = 32) within the previous 18 months, and 63 age-matched healthy women. BC survivors' symptoms were reproduced by ULNT1 and exhibited greater myoelectric activity in the biceps brachii than healthy women (MD (95% CI): 21,26 (10,83-31,70)). No differences between the axillary lymph node dissection and sentinel lymph node biopsy groups (MD (95% CI): 8,47 (-7,84-24,79)) were found...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
H A Kranenburg, M A Schmitt, E J Puentedura, G J Luijckx, C P van der Schans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Rogelio A Coronado, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) and Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) are alternatives to quantitative sensory testing (QST) for inferring central sensitization. OBJECTIVE: Explore 1) comparative validity of the CSI and PSQ with QST (construct validity) and pain-related psychological questionnaires (concurrent validity), and 2) associations with widespread pain sensitivity. METHODS: Seventy-eight participants with unilateral shoulder pain less than 6 months (mean ± SD age = 39...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Flavio M Silva, Jean-Michel Brismée, Phillip S Sizer, Troy L Hooper, Gary E Robinson, Alex B Diamond
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. BACKGROUND: A large number of student and professional musicians are affected by long term playing related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMSDs) during their career, with prevalence rates above 80%. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if there were differences between musicians with and without prolonged symptoms of upper quarter PRMSDs in the presence of: (1) scapular dyskinesis; (2) cervical motor control and endurance deficits...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Dennis van Poppel, Gwendolijne G M Scholten-Peeters, Marienke van Middelkoop, Bart W Koes, Arianne P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Running injuries are very common. Risk factors for running injuries are not consistently described across studies and do not differentiate between runners of long- and short distances within one cohort. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine risk factors for running injuries in recreational long- and short distance runners separately. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Recreational runners from four different running events are invited to participate...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
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