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Musculoskeletal Science & Practice

Simon J Summers, Siobhan M Schabrun, Lucy S Chipchase
OBJECTIVES: To explore the type of exercise prescribed by Australian health professionals for LBP, and whether the exercises prescribed are pain-free or into pain. METHODS: A survey of physiotherapists and exercise physiologists was conducted from all states/territories in Australia. The survey contained two chronic LBP vignettes with different pain mechanisms (dominant nociceptive or central sensitisation pain) and one acute LBP vignette. Respondents were asked if they would prescribe advice to stay active and exercise...
September 17, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Joan M Kelly, Samantha Bunzli, Carrie Ritchie, Justin Kenardy, Rob Smeets, Michele Sterling
BACKGROUND: Formally trained and accredited physiotherapists delivered Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) integrated with guideline-based physiotherapy management to individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as part of a randomised controlled trial. The delivery of SIT by physiotherapists is new. OBJECTIVES: To investigate physiotherapists' perspectives on delivering SIT as part of the trial and in routine practice. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive...
September 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Helios De Rosario, María José Vivas, María Isabel Sinovas, Álvaro Page
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical measures quantify motor control and functional deficits in Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD), but few studies relate those measures to the clinical scales that are routinely used to assess patients. Most studies are limited to chronic neck pain, and report poor to moderate correlations. OBJECTIVE: To define a statistical model that relates measures of neck kinematics with clinical scales of neck pain, in WAD patients during the rehabilitation process in the acute phase (less than 3 months since the accident)...
September 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Tracey Pons, Edward A Shipton, Jonathan Williman, Roger T Mulder
There are no validated clinical models to show a reliable pathway of guaranteeing an effective recovery for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) with physiotherapy management. An array of medical, psychological and physiotherapy intervention methods show weak benefit. Spearman correlations, with significance p < 0.05, from an observational, prospective, longitudinal, multi-centre study of regional standard physiotherapy CRPS management showed complete recovery to be potentially associated with baseline factors of: better mental health; better functional ability and quality of life; higher scores of extraversion personality trait; lower scores of intraversion personality trait; and interventions such as concurrent prescription of the anticonvulsant secondary analgesia group and a higher intensity of physiotherapy education intervention...
September 5, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Shin-Tsu Chang, Kuo-Lung Lai, Fang-Chuan Kuo, Yu-San Kao
BACKGROUND: The effects of sacroiliitis and syndesmophyte formation on the cross-correlation between spine and hip joint kinematics in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cross-correlation between spine and hip joint kinematics differs in healthy individuals and ankylosing spondylitis patients during trunk lateral flexion. METHODS: Fifty AS patients and thirty-nine healthy adults (controls) were recruited from a medical center...
September 5, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Tomohiko Nishigami, Benedict Martin Wand, Roger Newport, Natasha Ratcliffe, Kristy Themelis, David Moen, Cat Jones, G Lorimer Moseley, Tasha R Stanton
OBJECTIVE: This proof-of-concept pilot study aimed to investigate if a visual illusion that altered the size and muscularity of the back could be embodied and alter perception of the back. METHODS: The back visual illusions were created using the MIRAGE multisensory illusion system. Participants watched real-time footage of a modified version of their own back from behind. Participants undertook one experimental condition, in which the image portrayed a muscled, fit-looking back (Strong), and two control conditions (Reshaped and Normal) during a lifting task...
July 23, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Maryse Fortin, Nikola Wilk, Octavian Dobrescu, Philippe Martel, Carlo Santaguida, Michael H Weber
BACKGROUND: Cervical muscle alterations have been reported in patients with chronic neck pain, but the assessment of muscle morphology and strength has been overlooked in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cervical muscle degenerative changes observed on MRI, muscle strength and symptoms severity in patients diagnosed with DCM. DESIGN: Observational study...
July 18, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Mariana R C Aquino, Bruna S Avelar, Paula L Silva, Juliana M Ocarino, Renan A Resende
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Ann P Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
L Hollmann, M Halaki, S J Kamper, M Haber, K A Ginn
STUDY DESIGN: Observational: cross-sectional study. BACKGROUND: Idiopathic frozen shoulder is a common cause of severe and prolonged disability characterised by spontaneous onset of pain with progressive shoulder movement restriction. Although spontaneous recovery can be expected the average length of symptoms is 30 months. Chronic inflammation and various patterns of fibrosis and contracture of capsuloligamentous structures around the glenohumeral joint are considered to be responsible for the signs and symptoms associated with frozen shoulder, however, the pathoanatomy of this debilitating condition is not fully understood...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Eva Sierra-Silvestre, Francesca Bosello, Josué Fernández-Carnero, Marco J M Hoozemans, Michel W Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Neurodynamic assessment and management are advocated for femoral nerve pathology. Contrary to neurodynamic techniques for other nerves, there is limited research that quantifies femoral nerve biomechanics. OBJECTIVES: To quantify longitudinal and transverse excursion of the femoral nerve during knee and neck movements. DESIGN: Single-group, experimental study, with within-participant comparisons. METHODS: High-resolution ultrasound recordings of the femoral nerve were made in the proximal thigh/groin region in 30 asymptomatic participants...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Javier Martinez-Calderon, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Alejandro Luque-Suarez
BACKGROUND: Pain beliefs might play a role in the development, transition, and perpetuation of shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and critically appraise the association and the predictive value of pain beliefs on pain intensity and/or disability in shoulder pain. METHODS: An electronic search of PubMed, EBSCOhost, AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PubPsych, and grey literature was searched from inception to July 2017. Study selection was based on observational studies exploring the association and the predictive value of pain beliefs on pain intensity and/or disability in shoulder pain...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Alessandro Chiarotto, Carlotta Viti, Alberto Sulli, Maurizio Cutolo, Marco Testa, Daniele Piscitelli
BACKGROUND: Central sensitization (CS) is an important feature in patients with chronic pain. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) was developed with the goal of detecting the patients' symptoms related to CS. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at cross-culturally adapting the CSI into Italian, and at assessing its structural and construct validity in patients with different chronic pain disorders. DESIGN: Clinimetric study. METHODS: The Italian version of the CSI (CSI-I) was generated following forward and backward translations, expert committee review, and pilot-testing...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Yong-Hao Pua, Cheryl Lian-Li Poon, Felicia Jie-Ting Seah, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Choo-Lye Ho, Foh-Lik Leong, Hwei-Chi Chong, Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim, Ross Alan Clark
BACKGROUND: Early quadriceps muscle strength assessment after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) provides timely information on progress, but little is known about the pain profile and predictive validity associated with common clinical muscle strength tests. This study aimed to, in patients with a recent TKA, examine the associations of isometric and isotonic quadriceps strength with gait speed, accounting for knee pain experienced during testing. METHODS: A sample of 76 patients (mean age 68 years; 46 women) with a recent TKA (median, 1...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Sue Greenhalgh, Laura Finucane, Chris Mercer, James Selfe
INTRODUCTION: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare condition that affects the nerves in the spine supplying the bladder, bowel and sexual function. Identification and subsequent urgent action is required to avoid permanent damage to these essential organs. Delays in diagnosis can have devastating and life changing consequences for patients and result in high cost negligence claims. PURPOSE: The purpose of this masterclass is to examine the current evidence and provide an evidence-based, clinically reasoned approach in the safe management of patients presenting with CES...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Rajnee Mishra, Asir John Samuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Francois Maissan, Jan Pool, Eric Stutterheim, Harriet Wittink, Raymond Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is the fourth major cause of disability worldwide but sufficient evidence regarding treatment is not available. This study is a first exploratory attempt to gain insight into and consensus on the clinical reasoning of experts in patients with non-specific neck pain. OBJECTIVE: First, we aimed to inventory expert opinions regarding the indication for physiotherapy when, other than neck pain, no positive signs and symptoms and no positive diagnostic tests are present...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Dirk Möller, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Christoff Zalpour
Many musicians suffer from playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) however many of the epidemiological surveys on PRMD do not utilize evaluated self-report instruments, especially as a tool to assess musculoskeletal pain intensity and pain interference in terms of function and psychosocial constructs. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Musculoskeletal Pain Intensity and Interference Questionnaire for Musicians (MPIIQM) into German, and validate it among a population of professional orchestral musicians...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Anke Langenfeld, Caroline Bastiaenen, Judith Sieben, Jaap Swanenburg
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine (CS) range of motion (ROM) is commonly used to assess neck pain. However, this measurement is often limited by the clinician's experience and perception. Therefore, the integration of perceptual feedback of the patient can optimize and personalize treatment. OBJECTIVE: Develop and validate a questionnaire (S-ROM-Neck) to evaluate ROM of the CS from the patient's perspective. DESIGN: Validation study. METHODS: The assessment tool was developed and optimized during pretest sessions...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Linda J Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
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