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Northern Clinics of Istanbul

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607440/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-and-its-potential-therapeutic-uses-in-gastrointestinal-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Ryan D Heath, Courtney Cockerell, Ravinder Mankoo, Jamal A Ibdah, Veysel Tahan
Typical human gut flora has been well characterized in previous studies and has been noted to have significant differences when compared with the typical microbiome of various disease states involving the gastrointestinal tract. Such diseases include Clostridium difficile colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, functional bowel syndromes, and various states of liver disease. A growing number of studies have investigated the use of a fecal microbiota transplant as a potential therapy for these disease states.
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607439/penetrating-injury-caused-by-a-long-iron-bar-a-case-report
#2
Seyithan Ozaydin, Aykan Gulleroglu, Birgul Karaaslan, Suleyman Celebi, Cemile Besik, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Serdar Sander
Foreign bodies that strike the body with their long edges can cause severe problems. From the hospitalization of the patients to the removal of the foreign body and from surgery to follow-up, working as a team in a well-organized manner is necessary. In the present research, we present our experience, including the hospitalization, initial assessment by the emergency team, examination, and treatment plan, of a pediatric patient who had a 12-m long iron bar that traversed from the right side of the anus to the loin; this impalement happened while the patient was sliding through a snow-covered street, and the patient had to wait on the snow until the fire department arrived and cut the iron bar...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607438/reconstructive-surgery-of-true-aneurysm-of-the-radial-artery-a-case-report
#3
Sevinc Bayer Erdogan, Serdar Akansel, Nehir Tandogar Selcuk, Serap Aykut Aka
True radial artery aneurysms are uncommon pathologies and have an organic cause, unlike trauma-induced false aneurysms. A 52-year-old man presented with a pulsatile mass at the anatomical snuff box area of his left hand. The aneurysm was repaired with reconstructive procedure. Although many posttraumatic and iatrogenic cases of false aneurysm of the radial artery have been reported; there are a few reported cases of a true idiopathic aneurysm. A case of reconstructive surgery for true idiopathic radial artery aneurysm is reported in this paper...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607437/diagnosing-between-papillary-carcinoma-and-reactive-papillary-changes-in-an-infarcted-thyroid-nodule-after-fine-needle-aspiration-and-accompanied-by-a-synchronous-brain-stem-astrocytoma
#4
Ceren Canbey Goret, Nuri Emrah Goret, Omer Faruk Ozkan, Muammer Karaayvaz
A 22-year-old patient underwent fine needle aspiration of a nodule at the outer center of the right lobe of the thyroid, and it was reported to be Bethesda system category IV, Hurthle cell follicular neoplasia. The patient, who persented to Onsekiz Mart University Research and Application Hospital, underwent surgery. During right total thyroidectomy, an almost totally infarcted nodule and papillary structures around these infarcted areas were detected. Herein, we report on diagnostic challenges faced in confirming whether the infarcted nodule was a case of reactive papillary changes or an underdiagnosed papillary carcinoma and how the challenges were overcome using immunohistochemistry analysis and molecular genetic testing...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607436/autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-associated-with-infliximab-infusion-in-ulcerative-colitis
#5
Fazia A Mir, Alhareth Al Juboori, Jack D Bragg, Veysel Tahan
Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody that antagonizes the activity of tumor necrosis factor alpha to induce and maintain remission in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Adverse effects associated with Infliximab infusions include infusion reactions, risk of infections, development of hematological malignancies, and pancytopenia. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia has rarely been reported in ulcerative colitis. Herein we report a case of drug-induced hemolytic anemia after infliximab infusion for treating ulcerative colitis...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607435/renal-clear-cell-sarcoma-presenting-as-a-spontaneous-renal-hematoma-a-rare-presentation
#6
Zeynep Canan Ozdemir, Burcu Ayvaci, Yeter Duzenli Kar, Mehmet Oguzman, Mehmet Surhan Arda, Mustafa Fuat Acikalin, Ozcan Bor
Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is an uncommon renal neoplasm of childhood. It represents between 2% and 9% of all pediatric renal tumors, and generally arises before the age of 5 years. It often mimics other pediatric renal tumors. Presently described is the case of a 7-year-old girl who presented with complaints of vomiting and abdominal pain. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a right renal mass, and the patient developed a renal hematoma a few hours after admission. The patient underwent a nephroureterectomy with a provisional diagnosis of Wilms tumor; however, histopathological examination of a specimen revealed CCSK...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607434/gaucher-disease-in-an-adult-a-rare-cause-of-hepatosplenomegaly-in-adults
#7
Volkan Karakus, Yelda Dere, Ozcan Dere, Fahri Sahin, Nazan Ozsan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607433/effect-of-trabeculectomy-on-ocular-higher-order-aberrations-in-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma
#8
Ali Mahdavi Fard, Rana Daei Sorkhabi, Kamal Nasiri, Arezou Tajlil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of trabeculectomy on ocular higher-order aberrations following surgery in a group of patients with open angle glaucoma. METHODS: In this prospective study, patients with primary open angle glaucoma underwent wavefront aberrometry before trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C. Coma-like, spherical-like, and total ocular higher-order aberrations were measured as root mean square values. The measurements were repeated 1 month and 3 months after the procedure...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607432/gallbladder-perforation-during-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#9
Yunus Emre Altuntas, Mustafa Oncel, Mustafa Haksal, Metin Kement, Ersin Gundogdu, Nihat Aksakal, Fazli Cem Gezen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the risk factors and outcomes of gallbladder perforation (GP) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Videotapes of all patients who underwent an elective cholecystectomy at our department were retrospectively analyzed, and the patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of GP. The possible risk factors and early outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 664 patients [524 (78.9%) females, 49...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607431/evaluation-of-patients-with-gastric-polyps
#10
Sehmus Olmez, Suleyman Sayar, Bunyamin Saritas, Ayla Yildiz Savas, Ufuk Avcioglu, Ilyas Tenlik, Ersan Ozaslan, Hasan Tankut Koseoglu, Emin Altiparmak
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of gastric polyps (GPs) greatly differs according to study populations and was found to be 0.33%-6.7% in various studies. The majority of GPs are composed of hyperplastic polyps (HPs), fundic gland polyps (FGPs), and adenomatous polyps (APs). Although APs have a high risk of malignant potential, sporadic FGPs have no malignant potential. Conversely, HPs have a low risk of malignant potential. It is not sufficient to perform a biopsy to identify the polyp type and the presence of dysplasia; thus, some polyps may require multiple biopsies or total excision...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607430/immunomodulator-effect-of-topical-zinc-oxide-application-in-tuberculin-skin-test
#11
Cagatay Nuhoglu, Evrim Hepkaya, Zehra Esra Onal, Narin Akici, Tamay Gurbuz, Vildan Atasayan, Omer Ceran
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of tuberculin skintest (purified protein derivative-PPD) by topical zinc application on test site to improve diagnostic reliability. METHODS: We performed this study in 100 children aged 6-14 years, and plasma zinc levels were analyzed after 10-12 hours fasting. After PPD, we applied 40% zinc oxide cream on one forearm and placebo on the other forearm. PPD indurations were measured 72 hours later. RESULTS: In this study, 26% of the children showed increases in PPD induration following local zinc applications...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607429/sleep-quality-and-anxiety-level-in-employees
#12
Ayse Gulsen Teker, Nimet Emel Luleci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the sleep quality and anxiety level of a group of employees, as well as determine the relationship between sleep quality and anxiety and other factors. METHODS: A total of 130 of 185 employees at a university campus were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. A descriptive questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were the data collection instruments. In addition to univariate analysis, the relationship between the 2 scales was examined with Spearman correlation analysis...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607428/investigation-of-the-attitudes-of-university-students-to-discrimination-of-the-elderly
#13
Derya Cinar, Ayfer Karadakovan, Sibel Karaca Sivrikaya
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of university students studying in different fields toward discrimination of the elderly. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with students who were still studying in the 2015-2016 period. A sample size of 416 students was determined by the stratified sampling method, and students were selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected using an identifying information form and an Age Discrimination Attitude Scale (ADAS) by face-to-face interview...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607427/urban-legend-or-real-fact-coronary-artery-size-varies-with-demographics
#14
Mustafa Adem Tatlisu, Murat Sargin, Adnan Kaya, Ahmet Ilker Tekkesin, Zekeriya Nurkalem, Serap Aykut Aka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the diameter of coronary artery stents and age, gender, diabetes mellitus (DM), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), renal dysfunction, and the clinical presentation of myocardial ischemia in the cohort of patients with implanted stents in coronary arteries with severe stenotic lesions. METHODS: This study included 2256 patients (mean age, 59.3±10.9 years; men, 62%) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607426/effect-of-nerve-monitoring-on-complications-of-thyroid-surgery
#15
Suleyman Demiryas, Turgut Donmez, Erdinc Cekic
OBJECTIVE: The most frequent and critical complications of thyroid surgery are recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and hypocalcemia. In first years of the 21st century, intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) was introduced as a new technique to avoid the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury. However, the role and the benefits of IONM are still controversial. In this study, we aimed to compare the postoperative complication rates during thyroid surgery with IONM usage (Group 1) and conventional direct visual technique without IONM usage (Group 2)...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607425/investigation-of-genotoxicity-risk-and-dna-repair-capacity-in-breast-cancer-patients-using-anastrozole
#16
Tugce Yesil Devecioglu, Fatih Aydogan, Gulden Zehra Omurtag, Nuran Senel Bese, Semra Sardas
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide and the incidence increases in postmenopausal women. Anastrozole is a non-steroidal (type II), third-generation aromatase inhibitor (AI) that is used in the treatment of postmenopausal estrogen-related breast cancer. Several studies have been conducted to assess the efficacy, safety, and superiority of AIs to tamoxifen; however, a literature search did not reveal a study that investigated the genotoxic potential of AIs...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607424/preoperative-evaluation-of-liver-volume-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#17
Adil Baskiran, Aysegul Sagir Kahraman, Ipek Balikci Cicek, Tolga Sahin, Burak Isik, Sezai Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the difference between the preoperative estimated volume and the actual intraoperative graft volume determined in donor right hepatectomies and to evaluate the possible effect of age, gender, and body mass index on the difference. METHODS: A total of 225 donor hepatectomies performed at the center between 2016 and 2017 were evaluated for the study. Left hepatectomies and left lateral segmentectomies were excluded from the analysis...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270582/using-terlipressin-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-septic-shock-resistant-to-catecholamines
#18
Seher Erdogan, Mehmet Bosnak
Sepsis and septic shock are important causes of morbidity and mortality in critically ill children. The goal of treatment is to ensure adequate mean arterial pressure to maintain organ perfusion. The growing number of instances of peripheral vascular hyporeactivity to catecholamines has necessitated the search for alternative vasopressors. A 14-year-old boy had septic shock, with a high cardiac index and low systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) measurements according to pulse contour analysis, despite treatment with dopamine, dobutamine, adrenaline, and noradrenaline infusions...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270581/dural-prostate-metastasis-presenting-as-a-subdural-hematoma
#19
Mehmet Resid Onen, Ali Erhan Kayalar, Ersin Haciyakupoglu, Ilkay Tosun, Gozde Kir, Sait Naderi
The incidence of subdural hematoma is approximately 13.1/100.000 per year. Subdural hematoma due to skull and dura mater metastases is rare. In this study, a 71-year-old patient with prostate adenocarcinoma who presented with chronic subdural hematoma due to skull bone and dura mater metastasis is presented.
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270580/gastric-cancer-with-adenocarcinoma-and-yolk-sac-tumor-components-a-rare-entity
#20
Metin Yalaza, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Ahmet Turkan
Despite a sharp worldwide decline in the incidence and mortality due to gastric cancer during the second half of the 20th century, gastric cancer remains the world's second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Variants of gastric cancer account for approximately 5% of all stomach carcinomas. Herein, we report on a rare case of combined germ cell tumor and adenocarcinoma that arose in the stomach of a 68-year-old woman with a high level of alpha-fetoprotein in the serum. Clinical and pathological findings are presented...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
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