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Advances in Respiratory Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709054/is-bronchoscopy-always-justified-in-diagnosis-of-haemoptysis-response-to-the-letter-of-tamura-et-al
#1
Justyna Maria Torbiarczyk, Patryk Aleksander Sobczak, Katarzyna Krystyna Torbiarczyk, Joanna Miłkowska-Dymanowska, Adam Antczak, Paweł Górski, Adam J Białas, Wojciech Jerzy Piotrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709053/bronchoscopy-in-diagnosis-of-haemoptysis
#2
Tomohiro Tamura, Toshihiro Shiozawa, Kunihiko Miyazaki Kunihiko Miyazaki, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709052/can-vitamin-d-help-in-achieving-asthma-control-vitamin-d-revisited-an-updated-insight
#3
Izabela Szymczak, Rafal Pawliczak
Asthma - a prolonged respiratory disease related with hyper-responsiveness and increased inflammation of airways; affects millions peoples worldwide. Vitamin D possess anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Its deficiency (the level less than 20 ng/mL in the serum) is found to be related to occurrence of pulmonary diseases including bacterial and viral infections and asthma. Some studies indicate that low levels of vitamin D in the serum are related to reduced lung function and increased airway inflammation as well as overall poor results in asthmatic patients...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709051/thoracic-ultrasound-for-the-detection-of-rib-metastases-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Ioannis Tomos, Nikos Tziolos, Thomas Raptakis, Dimitra Kavatha
Transthoracic ultrasound has lately emerged as a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians in the diagnosis of diverse pulmonary diseases, usually including pleural effusion and pneumothorax. However, the use of chest ultrasound may be also critical in the evaluation of chest wall diseases. Therefore, we present an interesting case of a patient with metastases of lung cancer to the rib, detected during the chest wall ultrasound examination. By representing a non-invasive, surface-imaging technique with several advantages, chest ultrasound may evolve to a valid, bed-side diagnostic tool for the diagnosis and follow up of lung cancer with metastases in the chest wall...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709050/acrometastasis-due-to-lung-adenocarcinoma
#5
Vasiliki Apollonatou, Stelios Loukides, Andriana I Papaioannou, Spyros Papiris
We are presenting a case of acrometastasis in a male patient with lung adenocarcinoma. Acrometastases accumulate for 0.1% of all metastatic bone lesions and can be the first manifestation of cancer in approximately 10% of cases. The main clinical manifestations are tenderness, intermittent pain, functional impairment, erythema, heat and swelling of the affected part. Lung cancer is the main primary malignancy which causes acrometastases. Although the lesions can be recognized in x-rays or CT scans, the gold standard for the diagnosis is MRI scan in which the full extension of the tumor can be evaluated...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709049/pulmonary-tuberculosis-mimicking-lung-cancer-progression-after-10-years-of-cancer-remission
#6
Justyna Fijołek, Elżbieta Wiatr, Małgorzata Polubiec-Kownacka, Katarzyna Błasińska-Przerwa, Małgorzata Szołkowska, Ewa Szczepulska-Wójcik, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
Differentiation between pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer is often challenging for clinicians, especially that both conditions can coexist. This is due to the fact that the clinical and radiological symptoms of both diseases can be similar. Our case report presents a patient who was treated for advanced lung cancer 10 years earlier and currently has been hospitalized again because of a strong clinical and radiological suspicion of the cancer progression, but whose final diagnosis was tuberculosis.
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709048/coping-with-stress-by-mothers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Renata Zubrzycka
INTRODUCTION: Studies of coping with stress of parents of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) are relatively rare and their results are inconsistent. The aim of the work was to determine the strategies of coping with stress of Polish mothers of children and adolescents with CF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted in the group of 89 Polish mothers of children with CF (0-18) and used the Brief COPE by Carver in the Polish adaptation by Juczyński and Ogińska-Bulik (2009)...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709047/vitamin-d-status-of-severe-copd-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#8
Grzegorz Gawron, Marzena Trzaska-Sobczak, Ewa Sozańska, Piotr Śnieżek, Adam Barczyk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to measure the concentrations of vitamin D in serum of COPD patients with chronic respiratory failure in comparison to healthy control group. The correlation between the levels of vitamin D in serum and the selected clinical, spirometric and blood gas parameters was the additional aim of the study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 61 patients with diagnosed COPD in stadium of chronic respiratory failure (45 men and 16 women) and 37 healthy controls (19 men and 18 women)...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709046/prevalence-and-predictors-of-readmissions-among-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-in-the-united-states
#9
Kshitij Chatterjee, Abhinav Goyal, Deepak Reddy, Vikas Koppurapu, Ayoub Innabi, Bashar Alzghoul, Rajani Jagana
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) have increasing rates of hospitalization. We analyzed the burden and predictors of thirty-day readmission among patients with CF in the U.S. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) 2013 was used to identify adults with CF who were hospitalized. These individuals were followed to determine the prevalence of readmission within thirty days of index discharge. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to identify independent predictors of readmission...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490422/consensus-statement-on-a-screening-programme-for-the-detection-of-early-lung-cancer-in-poland
#10
Witold Rzyman, Joanna Didkowska, Robert Dziedzic, Tomasz Grodzki, Tadeusz Orłowski, Edyta Szurowska, Renata Langfort, Wojciech Biernat, Dariusz Kowalski, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Tadeusz Jędrzejczyk, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Sergiusz Nawrocki, Ewa Jassem, Mariusz Adamek
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the most common cancer in Poland and worldwide, and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Compared to the present day, the annual number of new cases of lung cancer will have increased by approximately 50%, by 2030. The overall ratio of mortality to incidence totals 0.87 and is among the highest. The five-year survival rate in Poland has recently achieved 13.4%. In 2015, lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) was introduced to routine clinical practice in the United States following the publication of the largest randomised study, The National Lung Screening Trial...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490421/dry-powder-inhalers-between-the-doctor-and-the-patient
#11
Andrzej Emeryk, M Pirożyński, J Emeryk-Maksymiuk
The article briefly presents currently accessible dry powder inhalers (DPI). Basing on the data from the literature, we discussed the most common mistakes related to the utilisation of DPI as well as their clinical and economic consequences. We also extensively analysed all factors that may influence the efficacy and safety of inhaler therapy of asthma and COPD, mostly with the use of DPI. In addition, we indicated the potential to improve the efficacy of inhaler therapy from the doctor and COPD or asthma patient perspective...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490420/the-role-of-surgical-resection-in-unicentric-castleman-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Sofoklis Mitsos, Alexandros Stamatopoulos, Davide Patrini, Robert S George, David R Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Castleman's disease is a rare benign lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology. The disease occurs in two clinical forms with different prognoses, treatments and symptoms: a unicentric form (UCD), which is solitary, localized, and a multicentric form characterized by generalized lymphadenopathy and systemic symptoms. This article aims to review the current literature to consolidate the evidence surrounding the curative potential of surgical treatment to the unicentric type...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490419/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-lung
#13
Akshay Khatri, Abhinav Agrawal, Rutuja R Sikachi, Dhruv Mehta, Sonu Sahni, Nikhil Meena
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) of the lung, first reported in 1939, are considered a subset of inflammatory pseudo -tumors. They are a distinctive lesions composed of myofibroblastic spindle cells accompanied by an inflammatory infiltrate of plasma cells, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. IMTs may be benign, invade surrounding structures, undergo malignant transformation, recur or may even metastasize. They can occur due to a genetic mutation or can occur secondary to infectious or autoimmune diseases...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490418/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-in-a-patient-with-copd-and-bronchiectasis-with-radiological-signs-of-lung-tumor
#14
Dorota Wyrostkiewicz, Monika Szturmowicz, Iwona Bartoszuk, Izabela Siemion-Szcześniak, Lilia Jakubowska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Jan Kuś
Mycobacterial lung disease is caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as atypical mycobacteria. NTM are widely distributed in the environment, particularly in soil and water; they may colonize the airways, gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary system, without the apparent signs of disease. Nevertheless, in some risk groups such as patients with chronic lung diseases or with immunodeficiency, mycobacterial lung disease is identified. Recently, increased recognition of mycobacterial lung disease in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients has been observed, especially in those treated with high doses of inhaled corticosteroids...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490417/is-bronchoscopy-always-justified-in-diagnosis-of-haemoptysis
#15
Justyna Maria Torbiarczyk, Patryk Aleksander Sobczak, Katarzyna Krystyna Torbiarczyk, Joanna Miłkowska-Dymanowska, Adam Antczak, Paweł Górski, Adam J Białas, Wojciech J Piotrowski
INTRODUCTION: Fiber-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) is commonly performed in the first line in diagnostic process of haemoptysis. However, lots of evidences suggest that in haemoptysis FOB do not always provide additional, useful information to radiological diagnostics. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the validity of performing FOB as a method of choice in first line diagnostics of haemoptysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comprised consecutively collected results from patients referred for FOB assessment for clinical purposes were retrospectively analysed...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490416/an-eleven-year-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-on-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#16
Arda Kiani, Tahereh Parsa, Parisa Adimi Naghan, Hervé Dutau, Fatemeh Razavi, Behrooz Farzanegan, Mahsa Pourabdollah Tootkaboni, Atefeh Abedini
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease in the field of pulmonary medicine. The efficacy of whole-lung lavage (WLL) as the treatment of PAP had never been evaluated in the Iranian population. Therefore, there is a real need to investigate the characteristics of PAP and also to evaluate the efficacy of WLL in this rare disease. The study aimed to investigate demographic features, clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of the disease in Iranian PAP patients...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490415/concentration-of-8-isoprostanes-in-the-exhaled-breath-condensate-as-a-marker-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Anna Pękala-Wojciechowska, Michał Poznański, Kamil Szyszow, Adam Antczak
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes is an insulin deficiency-based chronic disease. It leads to the development of hyperglycaemia, which plays a key role in the initiation and progression of tissue damage in patients with diabetes. This mostly results from oxidative stress, whose increased severity is observed in this group of patients. Increased levels of 8-isoprostanes are seen in many inflammatory diseases, including asthma, COPD and cystic fibrosis. These diseases demonstrated the usefulness of the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) for extracting material for markers of oxidative stress, including 8-isoprostanes...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490414/lung-cancer-screening-national-consensus-is-an-important-step-toward-implementation
#18
Jesper Holst Pedersen
none.
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286173/ipf-and-cpfe-the-two-different-entities-or-two-different-presentations-of-the-same-disease
#19
Sylwia Kwiatkowska
In this article the co-existence of pulmonary emphysema with lung fibrosis of typical pattern and distribution for usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) was compared with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) alone. Author discusses the etiopathogenesis of these diseases, differences in signaling pathways and the role of senescent cells. Moreover, clinical course, pulmonary function tests as well as main complications are reviewed. However, the lack of well-established diagnostic criteria for CPFE along with mainly retrospective character of the studies make current knowledge about this entity rather deficient...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083020/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-bronchial-sleeve-lobectomy-a-case-report
#20
Marcin Ostrowski, Tomasz Marjański, Witold Rzyman
Bronchial sleeve lobectomy offers a chance to avoid excessive resections such as pneumonectomy in central lung tumors. Recent technical advances enable complex procedures such as video-assisted thoracoscopic bronchial sleeve lobectomy (VABSL). We present a case of a 64-year-old patient who underwent the right upper VABSL due to adenocarcinoma. During resection the bronchus was transsected and a specimen removed due to tumor proximity. Intraoperative frozen section revealed no neoplastic infiltration in the bronchial cut line...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
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