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Journal of Endourology Case Reports

Matthew Moynihan, Alireza Moinzadeh
Background: Unique case of retained needle in the AirSeal trocar during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Case Presentation: A 68-year-old male with prostate cancer underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Upon laparoscopic removal of final intra-abdominal suture by bedside assistant, needle became dislodged from suture and was unable to be located after a standard systematic search. Ultimately, needle was found caught in the assistant's AirSeal trocar device. Conclusion: Intraoperative loss of a foreign body should include inspection, and possible radiographic evaluation, of the trocar mechanism as part of a complete systematic approach...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Takaaki Inoue, Masato Watanabe, Seiji Shimada, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
Background: Treatment of upper urinary tract stones measuring >2 cm in children aged <3 years is challenging. Although adult-sized instruments are usually available, in pediatric populations such instruments seem unreasonable and unfit for children with small kidneys and narrow ureters. We use ultra-miniaturized endoscopes and instruments to reduce the damage to normal tissues in pediatric patients. Case Presentation: We treated a 2-year-old boy with >2-cm bilateral cystine kidney stones. We decided to perform retrograde intrarenal surgery using an ultrathin (4...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Benjamin M Dropkin, Giovanna A Giannico, Peter A Reisz, David F Penson, Ryan S Hsi
Background: Nephrogenic adenoma is a benign lesion found in the genitourinary tract, often at sites of prior inflammation, and is characterized by tubular, papillary, or tubulopapillary structures. It is thought to arise from distal migration and implantation of renal tubular cells into the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra. These tumors often resemble malignant neoplasms. Morphologic variants include small tubules, signet ring-like pattern, papillary formations, flat pattern, and vessel-like structures...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Ali Akkoç, Cemil Aydın, Murat Uçar, Aykut Buğra Şentürk, Murat Topçuoğlu, Ahmet Metin
Introduction: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a problem that physically and psychologically debilitates the patient. Options for treatment of VVF include transabdominal, transvaginal, transvesical, laparoscopic, and robotic repair or minimally invasive methods such as fulguration. We describe a novel minimally invasive technique: transvesicoscopic bipolar sealing of the vesicovaginal fistula (TBSF). Case Presentation: We carried out the transvesicoscopic sealing of VVF with 5 mm of diameter on a 46-year-old woman, who had a failed conservative treatment with a Foley catheter placement...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Wichien Sirithanaphol, Sakkarn Sangkhamanon, Sittichai Netwijitpan, Chingching Foocharoen
Malakoplakia, an anecdotal reactive granulomatous lesion, is a rare pathologic entity but relatively more common in genitourinary tracts. Here we report a case of malakoplakia in the urinary bladder in systemic sclerosis. The patient was a 66-year-old female treated with long-term corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide. She presented with gross hematuria, and cystoscopy and biopsy revealed malakoplakia. There was no tumor and the stains for infectious organism were all negative. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of malakoplakia in a systemic sclerosis patient...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Aye Lwin, Kieran Hynes, David Tzou, Joel Funk
Background: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is an attractive and well-studied alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate and open prostatectomy for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. There remains an established steep learning curve with relatively few complications described in the literature. A unique risk of HoLEP is injury of the bladder during morcellation of the adenoma and potential iatrogenic intraperitoneal bladder rupture. We present a rare complication of HoLEP demonstrated by two patients in which capsular perforation resulted in subsequent abdominal distention secondary to a large amount of irrigation fluid that leaked into the extraperitoneal space...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Dong Wang, Shaw P Wan
Inadvertent injury of the ureter is a known risk of pelvic surgery. If the injury is noticed intraoperatively, the treatment is relatively straightforward. However, if the discovery of the injury is delayed, the treatment is more difficult and less assured. We encountered a case of a completely transected ureter that had occurred during laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy and was diagnosed on the 8th postoperative day. The patient was treated with minimally invasive retrograde endoscopic realignment with excellent results...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Enis Kervancioglu
Urethral catheterization is a common invasive procedure applied for several purposes on children. Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a diagnostic fluoroscopic procedure, which is commonly used in assessing urinary tract infections in children and which requires urethral catheterization. We report a case of intravesical catheter knotting, which is a rare complication of VCUG.
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Melody Djuimo, Liane S Feldman, Sero Andonian
Background: Ureteral obstruction is rarely caused by extrinsic compression from the appendix. In addition, mucinous neoplasms of the appendix are rare, found incidentally in 0.2%-0.7% of appendectomy specimens. Case Presentation: We present an unusual case of ureteral obstruction caused by a large appendiceal mucocele. An asymptomatic 53-year-old caucasian male patient, known for recurrent nephrolithiasis, was referred for management of bilateral nephrolithiasis. A noncontrast CT scan found an atrophic kidney with an obstructive 1...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Mohamed Essam Noureldin, Ahmed Mohamed Tawfik, Hassan S Shaker
Background: Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is not a common form of disorder of sex development in which Müllerian duct derivatives (fallopian tubes, uterus, and the proximal vagina) are present in an otherwise normally differentiated 46 XY male. In most of cases, the challenge comes in the procedure of orchiopexy. Case Presentation: We report a case of a 26-year-old man with PMDS. It was accidentally discovered when the patient presented to our outpatient clinic concerning about his empty scrotum as a premarital check...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Shirin Razdan, Sanjay Razdan
Introduction: Given the ubiquity of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) for treatment of localized prostate cancer, more surgeons are encountering challenging cases, either secondary to difficult anatomy, prior abdominal surgery, or prior radiation therapy. Our case is of RALP in a patient after prior suprapubic prostatectomy. Case Presentation: A 61-year-old otherwise healthy Hispanic gentleman presented for consultation after being found to have Gleason 4 + 4 = 8 prostate cancer on transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy by an outside provider in July 2017...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Hannah Hill, Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Anthony Hage, Jacob Bundy, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
Purpose: To report the approach, technical success, clinical outcomes, complications, and follow-up of ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with cyanoacrylate glue embolization for the treatment of lymphatic leak after robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic resection. Materials and Methods: Four men with mean age 68.7 ± 14.3 years were treated with ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with cyanoacrylate embolization for postoperative lymphatic leak. Patients underwent either (1) cystoprostatectomy with ileal conduit and bilateral extensive pelvic lymph node dissection for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma and presented with postoperative lymphatic ascites ( n  = 2) or (2) prostatectomy with bilateral standard pelvic lymph node dissection for prostate carcinoma and presented with postoperative pelvic lymphoceles ( n  = 2)...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Roger L Sur, Jenny M Meegan, Cynthia R Smith, Todd Schmitt, James L'Esperance, Dean Hendrikson, Jason R Woo
Background: Cohorts of bottlenose ( Tursiops truncatus ) dolphins are at significant risk for nephrolithiasis development. However, effective surgical treatment has been limited due to absence of literature and also familiarity by both veterinarians and urologists. Recently a joint veterinarian and urology team were called to treat local bottlenose dolphins in San Diego, CA, and they performed several cases. The fund of knowledge from these cases is presented for future providers who may be asked to surgically treat these animals...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Madeline Cancian, Jorge Pereira, Joseph F Renzulli
Background: Multiple new systemic agents have been targeted to metastatic prostate cancer, with decreased progression of disease but no cure. Surgical management of metastatic disease has been gaining interest, primarily in the setting of high-risk prostatectomies. However, metastasis-directed surgical intervention has been employed in rare scenarios, especially in oligometastatic disease. We report here on a salvage robot-assisted pelvic lymph node dissection for a solitary metastatic site. Case Presentation: A 63-year-old Hispanic man who was initially treated with prostatectomy for intermediate risk cancer developed rapid biochemical recurrence...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Guopeng Yu, Ke Zhang, Wenzhi Li, Long Li, Yanliang Zhao, Yiwei Wang, Mingxi Xu, Jun Da, Guoqin Dong, Zhong Wang, Bin Xu
Background: Unilateral renal tumor cryoablation and contralateral radical nephrectomy of bilateral renal tumors were performed by transumbilical three-dimensional (3D) multichannel laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery, in an attempt to verify the feasibility and safety of the procedure, sum up the operational experience, and evaluate the surgical outcome. Case Presentation: This was a 47-year-old female patient with a body mass index of 27.34 kg/m2 without backache, low back pain, hematuria, urinary urgency, frequent urination, dysuria, and other symptoms...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Muammer Bozkurt, Samir Agalarov, Erkan Merder, Fatih Altunrende
Subureteral endoscopic injection is a safe and effective treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Dx/HA) is the most commonly used bulking agent for the treatment of VUR. We report a confusing radiographic finding of calcified Dx/HA injection initially simulates distal ureteral stone in a female patient who has intermittent lumbar pain. Calcification of Dx/HA implants may mimic distal ureteral calculi; therefore, urologists should be aware of the potentially confusing radiographic images...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Suruga Saito, Katsuhiro Ito, Keiyu Matsumoto, Motofumi Tajima, Takayuki Goto, Haruki Ito, Yumi Manabe, Mutsuki Mishina, Hiroshi Okuno
Background: Peritoneal tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively uncommon presentation of extrapulmonary TB. Early diagnosis of peritoneal TB is difficult because of its nonspecific clinical manifestation such as abdominal pain, fever, or ascites. Especially early after surgery of abdomen or pelvis, these symptoms can be misdiagnosed as septic peritonitis. There are few reports of peritoneal TB as a postoperative complication of laparoscopic surgery. Here, we describe a first case of peritoneal TB after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) with extended lymph node dissection...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Alberto Parente, Ruben Ortiz, Laura Burgos, Jose Maria Angulo
Urethral triplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the lower urinary system, with <15 cases reported so far. We present a 24-month-old boy with accessory hypoplastic urethra ending in glans. At the beginning of toilet training, urine output was observed along the rectum. Rigid cystoscopy shows a perineal urethra starting in the posterior urethra. Subsequently, flexible cystoscopy showed entry of epispadic urethra in the bladder immediately superior to the bladder neck. It was running parallel to primary urethra...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Garen Abedi, Roshan M Patel, Cyrus Lin, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral stent provides a conduit for urinary drainage from the kidney to the bladder and is integral to contemporary urologic practice. A ureteral stent is often utilized in acute conditions to prevent or overcome obstruction; however, in nonsurgical patients, because of disease or preference, a ureteral stent may be used as a last resort for long-term management of a stricture in lieu of a nephrostomy tube. This case highlights a patient whose chronic ureteral obstruction has been managed with an indwelling ureteral stent for 25 years; remarkably, stent exchanges are currently required only every 2 years...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Adrian Fernandez, Benjamin Sherer, Marshall L Stoller
Laparoscopic heminephrectomy was performed in a 64-year-old woman with a chronically obstructed horseshoe kidney moiety. More than 3000 cc of pyonephrosis was drained through two percutaneous nephrostomy tubes for infection control before left moiety laparoscopic resection. This case report attests to the feasibility of laparoscopic resection of a massively obstructed horseshoe kidney when performed in a staged manner after prolonged drainage. Since an incision was required for removal of the large specimen, ligation of the horseshoe isthmus was completed through the same incision after hilar control and laparoscopic mobilization of the moiety were completed...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
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