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Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

Ebtesam A Abood, Jenny Scott, Mayyada Wazaify
Khat chewing is commonplace in Yemen, but little else is known about the misuse of other drugs, especially how such misuse may intersect with Khat use. The aim of this study was to investigate misuse of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs in community pharmacies in Aden city, from the users' perspective. A qualitative in-depth-interview study was undertaken with fifteen known or suspected drug misusers, recruited through community pharmacies. Thematic analysis was used to identify the main emergent themes around experience of prescription and OTC drug misuse...
September 13, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Yuuki Minamida, Naoko Yoshida, Mio Nishimaki-Tomizu, Misato Hanada, Kazuko Kimura, Hirohito Tsuboi
Studies concerning patient demands are mainly conducted at hospitals and pharmacies, whereas few surveys have been conducted on drug stores. The demand for drug stores is estimated to be increasing with growing needs for self-medication. Thus, conducting a customer survey at drug stores is thought to be valuable. The aim of the current study was to clarify the structure of customers' demands for drug stores. The survey was conducted on 190 customers of 19 drug stores in Japan. The questionnaire consisted of 24 items using a 9-point Likert scale...
September 6, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Magdalena Iorga, Isabela Manole, Lavinia Pop, Iulia-Diana Muraru, Florin-Dumitru Petrariu
Changing dietary habits of university students is due to personal, social, educational or religious factors. The relationship between dietary habits and presence of eating disorders among university students is less known in Romania. Material and Methods : Ninety-one pharmacy students (91.21% women) were included in the research. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, medical, and psychological data were collected. Dietary self-declared habits were registered. The analysis of data was done using SPSS, v23. Results : A total of 69...
September 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Md Rafiqul Islam, Naoko Yoshida, Kazuko Kimura, Chisana Uwatoko, Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Shoma Kumada, Jamie Endo, Kana Ito, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto, Theingi Zin, Hirohito Tsuboi
Many poor-quality medicines are supplied to patients mainly in developing countries. No systematic survey on counterfeit medicines has been conducted in Myanmar since 1999. The purpose of this study was to investigate the current situation of substandard or counterfeit medicines in Myanmar. Samples of oral medicines, cefuroxime axetil (CXM), donepezil hydrochloride (DN) and omeprazole (OM), and injections, ceftriaxone sodium (CTRX), and gentamicin sulfate (GM), were collected from pharmacies, hospitals, and wholesalers in Yangon, Myanmar in 2014...
August 30, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Sara Amaniyan, Sue Jordan
PRN is the acronym for ' pro re nata ,' written against prescriptions whose administration should be based on patients' needs, rather than at set times. The aim of this systematic review was to explore safety issues and adverse events arising from PRN prescription and administration. Electronic databases including Scopus, PubMed [including Medline], Embase, Cinahl, Web of Science and ProQuest were systematically searched to retrieve articles published from 2005 to 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: we included all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and studies with comparison groups, comparing PRN prescription and administration with scheduled administration, where safety issues and adverse events were reported...
August 29, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Charlotte L Bekker, Helga Gardarsdottir, Antoine C G Egberts, Marcel L Bouvy, Bart J F van den Bemt
Aim: To identify activities that pharmacists undertake to reduce medication waste, and to assess the extent to which these activities are implemented, their importance for waste-reduction and feasibility for broad implementation. Methods: A two-phase survey was conducted among community and hospital pharmacists working in different developed countries. Phase one used an open-ended questionnaire to identify activities undertaken by pharmacists. Answers were thematically analysed to construct a list of medication waste-reducing activities...
August 29, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Jessica M Louie, Nick W Lonardo, Mary C Mone, Vanessa W Stevens, Rishi Deka, Wayne Shipley, Richard G Barton
Objective: Compare the duration of mechanical ventilation between patients receiving sedation with continuous infusions of propofol alone or combination with the use of dexmedetomidine and propofol. Design: Retrospective, propensity matched (1:1) cohort study, employing eight variables chosen a priori for matching. Timing of exposure to dexmedetomidine initiation was incorporated into a matching algorithm. Setting: Level 1, university-based, 32-bed, adult, mixed trauma and surgical intensive care unit (SICU)...
August 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Jessica M Louie, Lisa T Hong, Lisa R Garavaglia, Denise I Pinal, Catherine E O'Brien
Medication reconciliation is an important aspect of a patient's care process that is ideally performed by clinical pharmacists. Despite literature supporting this process in other patient populations, cystic fibrosis (CF) lacks research in this area. To address this, we designed a retrospective, multi-centered, non-controlled, cross-sectional study at four CF Foundation-accredited centers in the United States to evaluate the medication reconciliation process for adult and pediatric CF patients by documenting the number of home medications reconciled by clinical pharmacists and the number of patients with home medications that did not align with the current CF guidelines published in 2013...
August 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Shazia Jamshed, Fadzlan Padzil, Siti Hadijah Shamsudin, Siti Halimah Bux, Abdul Aziz Jamaluddin, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Saira Azhar, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
The increase in antibiotic resistance has frequently been linked to unrestrained antibiotic dispensing. This review was conducted to mainly assess the perception and attitudes of community pharmacists towards antibiotic dispensing. This scoping review was performed between June 2016 and September 2016 to identify published studies related to the perception and attitudes of community pharmacists towards antibiotic dispensing. The combination of terms such as 'antibiotic dispensing', 'antimicrobial resistance', 'community pharmacy', and 'community pharmacists' were searched in electronic databases such as PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, and Science Direct...
August 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Ian M Heslop, Richard Speare, Michelle Bellingan, Beverley D Glass
Worldwide, pharmacists are playing an increasing role in travel health, although legislation and funding can dictate the nature of this role, which varies from country to country. The aim of this study was to explore the current and potential future practices in travel health for pharmacists in Australia, as well as the perceived barriers, including training needs, for the provision of services. A survey was developed and participation was sought from a representative sample of Australian pharmacists, with descriptive statistics calculated to summarise the frequency of responses...
August 22, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Marijana Zovko Končić, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE (" Pharmacy Education in Europe ") project examined the organisation of pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU). An electronic survey was sent out to community, hospital, and industrial pharmacists, and university staff and students. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey for Croatia. We examined to what extent harmonisation with EU norms has occurred, whether this has promoted mobility, and what impact it has had on healthcare.
August 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Ferraz Gonçalves
The use of multiple drugs is often referred to as polypharmacy, although this term has not been precisely defined. Frequently, drugs are used unwisely in multiple combinations increasing the risk of adverse reactions, or for the long-term prevention of diseases in patients with a short life expectancy who, therefore, will not benefit from them. The reflection on this has led to the introduction of the concept of deprescription. There are many reasons for the inappropriate drug prescription and barriers to reduce medications...
August 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Fay Al-Kudhairi, Reem Kayyali, Vilius Savickas, Neel Sharma
Five years after the introduction of the Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) in the UK, the role pharmacists play to help prepare medical students for this challenge is uncertain. Our study explored pharmacists' perceptions about their role in undergraduate medical training for the Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA). One hundred and seventy-nine prospective participants from UK hospitals and education and training boards were emailed an interview schedule aimed at ascertaining their current involvement in undergraduate medical education, particularly the preparation for PSA...
August 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Amber M Goedken, Sharon Huang, Randal P McDonough, Michael J Deninger, William R Doucette
Community pharmacists performing Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM) systematically monitor each new prescription and refill dispensed for medication-related problems. The objectives for this study were to describe medication-related problems identified through CoMM and drug classes involved in problems. This 12-month pilot study used dispensing and clinical records from a single independent U.S. community pharmacy. Clinical records contain medication-related problems documented by the pharmacists. Problems identified for patients filling at least one prescription at the pharmacy and having at least one medication-related problem during the study period were included...
August 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El-Hajj, Samya Ahmad Al-Abdulla, Dianne Candy Rose Figueroa, Nadir Kheir
This study aimed to assess perceived medication-related burden among patients with multiple non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and to investigate the association between perceived burden and adherence to medication therapy. Using a cross-sectional study in three primary care clinics in Qatar, medication-related burden was measured using the Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ) among adults with diabetes, with or without other comorbidities. Adherence was measured using the Adherence to Refills and Medications Scale (ARMS)...
August 13, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Sion Scott, Allan Clark, Helen May, Debi Bhattacharya
The effects of formulation characteristics on acceptability are poorly understood. This study evaluated the validity and feasibility of using the Medication Acceptability Questionnaire (MAQ) to investigate factors influencing acceptability of tablet compared with liquid alendronic acid. Written consent was obtained from eligible patients on Older People's Medicine wards. MAQ face and content validity were evaluated through cognitive interviews while internal consistency and criterion validity were investigated by calculating Cronbach's alpha and correlation of MAQ items with visual analogue scale (VAS) responses...
August 11, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Doaa Naeem, Majed A Alshamrani, Mohammed A Aseeri, Mansoor A Khan
Background: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an oncologic emergency which should be treated immediately with empiric antibiotics. Different institutions observe different antibiograms and use different FN management guidelines. Our center implemented FN management guidelines for adult cancer patients in 2009. Hence, we decided to assess compliance with FN management guidelines and to describe the pattern of bacterial infections. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study on all adult cancer patients admitted with FN...
August 10, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Brenna Shearer, Sheila Ng, Drena Dunford, I Fan Kuo
Current literature demonstrates the positive impact of pharmacists prescribing medication on patient outcomes and pharmacist perceptions of the practice. The aim of this study was to understand the factors affecting prescribing practices among Manitoba pharmacists and identify whether additional training methods would be beneficial for a practice behavior change. A web-based survey was developed and participation was solicited from pharmacists in Manitoba. Descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize the frequency of demographic characteristics...
August 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Barry E Bleske, Tami L Remington, Trisha D Wells, Kristin C Klein, Jeffrey M Tingen, Michael P Dorsch
There are limited data evaluating the effectiveness of different teaching pedagogies to maintain gains in learning achieved over the short term. The purpose of this study is to compare long-term learning outcomes between two different teaching pedagogies, team-based learning (TBL) and lecture. Within a therapeutic elective course a randomized crossover study was conducted with 30 students divided into two sections. Each section was taught six therapeutic topics (three TBL and three lecture). Six months following completion of the course, 47 assessment questions (application and recall multiple-choice questions) were re-administered to 16 students from the class with no prior announcement of the assessment...
August 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Tenielle Watkins, Sandra M Aguero, Michael Jaecks
Failure to appropriately document patient medical information, such as allergies, is an important cause of medication errors. Lack of allergy details in the electronic medical record (EMR) may prolong the pharmacist order verification process. A retrospective chart review was conducted in October 2017, to evaluate the impact of incomplete allergy details on time to antibiotic order resolution at the Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia. Details were present on 71% of orders. The difference in median time to order resolution, for orders with versus without details, was ⁻21 min (95% CI (confidence interval), ⁻39 to ⁻2...
August 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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