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Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

Marie Barnard, Donna West-Strum, Yi Yang, Erin Holmes
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that demands a comprehensive health care response. Provider education and training is needed for the entire health care team, including pharmacists, to competently care for IPV-impacted patients. Standardized assessments are needed to determine need for training and to evaluate the effectiveness of IPV training initiatives. The Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey (PREMIS) has previously been validated for physicians. This study adapted and evaluated the PREMIS instrument for use with pharmacists to assess knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and intentions related to IPV and IPV screening...
July 12, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Suzanne Galal, Deepti Vyas, John Mayberry, Edward L Rogan, Shivani Patel, Sara Ruda
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of motivational interviewing (MI) training on students' social⁻emotional development. Two simulations using standardized patients (SP) were conducted within a smoking cessation module. Students first completed a 4 h self-study module focused on smoking cessation tools and general counseling techniques. Faculty then administered a 15-item rubric focused on students' self-assessment of their verbal/non-verbal communication, social⁻emotional competence and MI skills...
July 11, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Derek Evans
Background : Pharmacy has utilised the changes in legislation since 2000 to increase the range and supply function of services such as travel health to travellers. With the number of travellers leaving the UK and trying new destinations there is an increasing need for more travel health provision. Working models : The models of supply of a travel health service vary according to the size of the corporate body. The large multiples can offer assessment via a specialist nurse or doctor service and then supply through the pharmacy...
July 9, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Richard H Parrish
The importance of developing a thoroughly shared understanding of mission, vision, and values is highlighted in reference to the creation of meaningful and sustainable key performance indicators (KPIs). A review of clinical practice KPIs (cpKPIs) and operational KPIs (opKPIs) is provided using work load measurement activities from Canada, its province of Alberta, and the United Kingdom. In order for Singaporean pharmacy clinicians and leaders to embrace a unified KPI system, the natural tendency to measure what is easy and available, instead of what matters to patients, is difficult but must be overcome...
July 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Jon C Schommer, Caroline A Gaither, William R Doucette, David H Kreling, David A Mott
The goal for this study was to use data from the most recently conducted National Pharmacist Workforce Survey to compare eight components of quality of work life for actively practicing pharmacists in the United States categorized by (1) work activity and (2) work setting. The eight components of quality of work life were: (1) time stress; (2) responsibility stress; (3) level of control; (4) work in harmony with home life; (5) home life in harmony with work; (6) job satisfaction; (7) professional commitment; and (8) organizational commitment...
July 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Surrey M Walton, Henri R Manasse
The labor market for pharmacists in the United States has seen significant dynamics over the past couple of decades in both demand and supply. The purpose of this brief editorial is to discuss some key concerns for pharmacists in the current labor market and over the next decade. A key issue in evaluating how pharmacists will fare in moving forward into expanded clinical roles and functions will be the degree to which they expand their professional autonomy.
July 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Ejaz Cheema
Pharmacists worldwide, including Saudi Arabia, are now increasingly expected to play a more patient-centred role. The transition of pharmacists from a dispensing role to a more patient-centred clinical role requires the adoption of innovative learning techniques in pharmacy teaching and learning to transform the future pharmacy workforce. One such innovation in pharmacy education is simulation-based pharmacy teaching. The use of simulation in pharmacy education allows pharmacy students to not only improve their clinical knowledge and skills, but also serves as a tool to improve their critical thinking that is a pre-requisite in sound clinical decision-making...
July 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Natalie Gauld, Tracey Sullivan
The aim of this paper was to explore pharmacists' views on reclassifications from pharmacy-only to general sales and their experiences with the supply of these medicines, in addition to pharmacists' views on the reclassification of the shingles vaccine and sildenafil to be available through 'accredited' pharmacists. New Zealand community pharmacists were surveyed in 2013 with a written questionnaire of six Likert-style or open-ended questions sent to Pharmacy Guild member pharmacies. The analysis involved descriptive statistics...
July 2, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Lisa L Weyandt, Tara L White, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Adam Z Nitenson, Emma S Rathkey, Kelvin A De Leon, Stephanie A Bjorn
Prescription stimulant medications are considered a safe and long-term effective treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Studies support that stimulants enhance attention, memory, self-regulation and executive function in individuals with ADHD. Recent research, however, has found that many college students without ADHD report misusing prescription stimulants, primarily to enhance their cognitive abilities. This practice raises the question whether stimulants actually enhance cognitive functioning in college students without ADHD...
June 27, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Sivanandy Palanisamy, Emily Lau Hie Yien, Ling Wen Shi, Low Yi Si, See Hui Qi, Laura Soon Cheau Ling, Teng Wai Lun, Yap Nee Chen
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes mellitus and accounts for about 95% of all diabetes cases. Many newer oral as well as parenteral antidiabetic drugs have been introduced in to the market in recent years to control hyperglycemic conditions in diabetes patients and many of these drugs produce potential side effects in diabetes patients. Hence, this systematic review was aimed to analyze and compare the efficacy and safety of oral antidiabetic agents in controlling HbA1c in T2DM patients, that were approved by the United States-Food and Drug Administration (US-FDA) from 2013 to 2017...
June 27, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Richard H Parrish, Lita Chew
Without question, health care delivery, and clinical pharmacy’s purpose in it, is changing rapidly all over the world. Pharmacy’s place in the new health care environment is ensured only to the extent that the purpose of pharmaceutical care is understood and transmitted to the global structures of these developing organizational patterns and paradigm shifts. While the current trend toward commodification of illness and treatment seems to be driving efforts to consolidate the economic factors of pharmaceutical distribution, a new type of practice—patient-driven health care—has continued to shape the interactions of pharmacists and patients all over the world...
June 27, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Thierry Langer, Helmut Spreitzer, Teresa Ditfurth, Gunar Stemer, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE (“Pharmacy Education in Europe”) project studied pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU) member states. The work was carried out using an electronic survey sent to chosen pharmacy representatives. The surveys of the individual member states are now being published as reference documents for students and staff interested in research on pharmacy education in the EU and in mobility. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Austria...
June 26, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Richard H Parrish, Lita Chew
The nation of Singapore highly values its health service as well as the component of healthcare delivery that includes clinical pharmacy and administration. The Ministry of Health (MOH) engaged the services of Dr. Richard Parrish to better understand the relationship between the Singaporean citizenry and its clinical pharmacists. Through a series of five lectures, structured from the national to local unit level, four roundtables, two hands-on sessions, and three workshops, clinical pharmacists and administrative leadership participated in “open-mic” style lectures, discussed the issues facing Singapore pharmacy in its current provision of healthcare services, and deliberated on the future resources required to meet projected healthcare needs...
June 12, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Brittany Humphries, Stéphanie Collins, Laurence Guillaumie, Julie Lemieux, Anne Dionne, Louise Provencher, Jocelyne Moisan, Sophie Lauzier
Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) taken for a minimum of five years reduces the recurrence and mortality risks among women with hormone-sensitive breast cancer. However, adherence to AET is suboptimal. To guide the development of theory-based interventions to enhance AET adherence, we conducted a study to explore beliefs regarding early adherence to AET. This qualitative study was guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). We conducted focus groups and individual interviews among women prescribed AET in the last two years ( n = 43)...
June 9, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Eva Barrenberg, Hildtraud Knopf, Edeltraut Garbe
In order to assess the effects of prescription-only (Rx) to over-the-counter (OTC) drug switches and related policies, it is imperative to distinguish self-medication from OTC drug use. The objective of this study was to estimate the OTC drug use in the adult population in Germany, to identify its predictors and to highlight methodological differences when compared to the study of a self-medication prevalence. Seven-day prevalence of OTC drug use was calculated on the basis of information provided by 7091 participants of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) conducted between 2008 to 2011...
June 7, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Mitch Blair, Arjun Menon
The use of community pharmacies across Europe has potential to alleviate the burden on overstretched healthcare providers. Children and young people (0⁻18 years) account for a large number of primary care attendances. This narrative literature review between January 2000 and December 2017 examines the use of community pharmacy by paediatric patients in Europe. The results report both positive and negative perceptions of community pharmacy by parents and children, opportunities for an extended role in Europe, as well as the need for further training...
June 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Anthony W Olson, Jon C Schommer, Ronald S Hadsall
Background: Understanding the factors that influence the market entry, exit, and stability of community pharmacies (i.e., market dynamics) is important for stakeholders ranging from patients to health policymakers and small business owners to large corporate institutions. Objective: The study's first objective was to describe the market dynamics of community pharmacies for Minnesota counties in 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017 by associating county (a) population density and (b) metropolitan designation with the change in the number of 'All community pharmacies,' 'Chain community pharmacies', and 'Independent community pharmacies'...
June 2, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Rie Kubota, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Yoichi Tanaka, Manahito Aoki, Megumi Shiomi, Wataru Ando, Katsuya Otori, Takako Komiyama
The Japanese pharmaceutical curriculum was extended from four to six years in 2006. Students now receive practical communication-skills training in their fourth year, before progressing to train in hospital and community pharmacies in their fifth year. Kitasato University School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, had established a program to meet these aims before the 2006 guidance. In the present study, we discuss and evaluate the features of this communication-skills training program. This study enrolled 242 fourth-year pharmacy students at Kitasato University...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Kathleen Bauer, Yeon Bai
To improve the cultural competency of 34 students participating in graduate nutrition counseling classes, the Campinha-Bacote Model of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Health Care Services was used to design, implement, and evaluate counseling classes. Each assignment and activity addressed one or more of the five constructs of the model, i.e., knowledge, skill, desire, encounters, and awareness. A repeated measure ANOVA evaluated pre- and post-test cultural competence scores (Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence among Healthcare Professionals)...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Michelle Bones, Martin Nunlee
Pharmacy personnel often answer telephones to respond to pharmacy customers (subjects) who received messages from automated systems. This research examines the communication process in terms of how users interact and engage with pharmacies after receiving automated messages. No study has directly addressed automated telephone calls and subjects' interactions. The purpose of this study is to test the interpersonal communication (IC) process of uncertainty in subjects in receipt of automated telephone calls ATCs from pharmacies...
May 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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