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Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757930/comprehension-of-top-200-prescribed-drugs-in-the-us-as-a-resource-for-pharmacy-teaching-training-and-practice
#1
Andrea V Fuentes, Moises D Pineda, Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata
Pharmacists have access to a plethora of information related to drugs. Online compendia concerning top 200 prescribed drugs are readily-accessible, comparatively-easy to search. While these resources provide some information about the commonly prescribed drugs, they lack in furnishing in-depth knowledge to pharmacy students, pharmacists and other healthcare professionals. The aim of this paper is to present the relevant details of top 200 most prescribed drugs in the United States. The names and therapeutic classes of top 200 prescribed drugs were compiled from online resources...
May 14, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735914/dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-guidelines-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#2
Abdulrahman AboAlSamh, Abdulmalik Alhussain, Nawaf Alanazi, Rakan Alahmari, Naila Shaheen, Abdallah Adlan
Background: The use of antibiotics prophylactically and therapeutically in dentistry has become common practice. Inappropriate prescription may lead to adverse side effects and bacterial resistance. During clinical training, dental students in Saudi Arabia are authorized to prescribe antibiotics. Aim: To evaluate dental students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic prescription in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a validated questionnaire consisting of 34 questions focusing on antibiotic indications in dentistry, antibiotic regimens, and knowledge regarding resistance was distributed amongst dental students in five leading dental colleges in Riyadh...
May 7, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751528/simulation-and-feedback-in-health-education-a-mixed-methods-study-comparing-three-simulation-modalities
#3
Lauren Tait, Kenneth Lee, Rohan Rasiah, Joyce M Cooper, Tristan Ling, Benjamin Geelan, Ivan Bindoff
Background . There are numerous approaches to simulating a patient encounter in pharmacy education. However, little direct comparison between these approaches has been undertaken. Our objective was to investigate student experiences, satisfaction, and feedback preferences between three scenario simulation modalities (paper-, actor-, and computer-based). Methods . We conducted a mixed methods study with randomized cross-over of simulation modalities on final-year Australian graduate-entry Master of Pharmacy students...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751503/simulation-as-a-central-feature-of-an-elective-course-does-simulated-bedside-care-impact-learning
#4
Michael C Thomas, Peter J Hughes
A three-credit, simulation-based, emergency medicine elective course was designed and offered to doctor of pharmacy students for two years. The primary objective was to determine if there was a difference in exam performance stratified by student simulation experience, namely either as an active observer or as part of bedside clinical care. The secondary objective was to report student satisfaction. Examination performance for simulation-based questions was compared based on the student role (evaluator versus clinical) using the Student’s t -test...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724019/older-peoples-adherence-and-awareness-of-changes-in-drug-therapy-after-discharge-from-hospital
#5
Sara Norberg, Maria Gustafsson
Non-adherence is important to address because it might affect the effectiveness of therapy and lead to adverse effects. The objectives of this interview study were to investigate old peoples’ general adherence to drugs and their awareness of and adherence to changes in drug therapy after their hospital stay. Following ethical approval, 42 patients admitted to the medical ward were invited to participate in this study. Of these, 36 persons, with a mean age of 82.5 years, who were discharged to their home, were interviewed by telephone using the Medical Adherence Report Scale (MARS) to assess their general adherence to prescribed drugs...
May 2, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693625/experiences-of-pharmacy-trainees-from-an-interprofessional-immersion-training
#6
Daubney Boland, Traci White, Eve Adams
Interprofessional education is essential in that it helps healthcare disciplines better utilize each other and provide team-based collaboration that improves patient care. Many pharmacy training programs struggle to implement interprofessional education. This purpose of the study was to examine the effect of a 30-h interprofessional training that included pharmacy students to determine if the training helped these students build valuable knowledge and skills while working alongside other health care professions...
April 25, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693570/pharmacists-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-tetanus-diphtheria-and-pertussis-tdap-vaccination-in-pregnancy-and-surrounding-newborns
#7
Christine A Echtenkamp, Stacie J Lampkin, Amany K Hassan
BACKGROUND: Bordetella pertussis or whooping cough is a serious and vaccine-preventable illness. Despite widespread vaccination in the pediatric population, pertussis still infects approximately 100,000 infants each year in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine gaps in pharmacists’ understanding, attitudes, practices, and barriers surrounding the tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccination recommendation for patients who are pregnant or planning to come in close contact with infants...
April 25, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690577/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-learning-process-and-learning-motivation-profiles-of-japanese-pharmacy-students-using-structural-equation-modeling
#8
Shigeo Yamamura, Rieko Takehira
Pharmacy students in Japan have to maintain strong motivation to learn for six years during their education. The authors explored the students’ learning structure. All pharmacy students in their 4th through to 6th year at Josai International University participated in the survey. The revised two factor study process questionnaire and science motivation questionnaire II were used to assess their learning process and learning motivation profiles, respectively. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine a causal relationship between the latent variables in the learning process and those in the learning motivation profile...
April 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677126/patient-education-on-oral-anticoagulation
#9
Emily M Hawes
Given the potential harm associated with anticoagulant use, patient education is often provided as a standard of care and emphasized across healthcare settings. Effective anticoagulation education involves face-to-face interaction with a trained professional who ensures that the patient understands the risks involved, the precautions that should be taken, and the need for regular monitoring. The teaching should be tailored to each patient, accompanied with written resources and utilize the teach-back method...
April 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671768/managing-complexity-exploring-decision-making-on-medication-by-young-adults-with-adhd
#10
Louise C Druedahl, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes difficulties with hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Treatment of ADHD includes both medication and non-pharmacological options. Knowledge of treatment preferences by young adults with ADHD is sparse. The objective of this study was to explore the beliefs and experiences of young adults with ADHD related to their medication treatment decisions. Data were collected in Denmark in 2016 through a focus group and individual in-depth interviews. Conventional content analysis was used...
April 19, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659552/improving-pharmacists-targeting-of-patients-for-medication-review-and-deprescription
#11
Vanessa Marvin, Emily Ward, Barry Jubraj, Mark Bower, Iñaki Bovill
Background: In an acute hospital setting, a multi-disciplinary approach to medication review can improve prescribing and medicine selection in patients with frailty. There is a need for a clear understanding of the roles and responsibilities of pharmacists to ensure that interventions have the greatest impact on patient care. Aim: To use a consensus building process to produce guidance for pharmacists to support the identification of patients at risk from their medicines, and to articulate expected actions and escalation processes...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659488/does-a-consumer-targeted-deprescribing-intervention-compromise-patient-healthcare-provider-trust
#12
Yi Zhi Zhang, Justin P Turner, Philippe Martin, Cara Tannenbaum
One in four community-dwelling older adults is prescribed an inappropriate medication. Educational interventions aimed at patients to reduce inappropriate medications may cause patients to question their prescriber’s judgment. The objective of this study was to determine whether a patient-focused deprescribing intervention compromised trust between older adults and their healthcare providers. An educational brochure was distributed to community-dwelling older adults by community pharmacists in order to trigger deprescribing conversations...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642377/benzodiazepines-withdrawal-initial-outcomes-and-long-term-impact-on-falls-in-a-french-nursing-home
#13
Hervé Javelot, Anne Marquis, Emilie Antoine-Bernard, Jean Grandidier, Luisa Weiner, Thierry Javelot, Bruno Michel
Long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) is known to induce tolerance and dependence, and increase the risk of falls-related injuries in older adults. We present a study carried out in a French nursing home that concerns the implementation of a BZD withdrawal program reassessed at one year. BZD deprescription was achieved by gradual cessation of doses. A secondary benefit of this program was assessed by comparing the number of falls among residents before and after withdrawal. The number of falls was recorded over a six-month period prior to the onset of withdrawal (T1) and then over a six-month period after reassessment at one year (T2)...
April 6, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614725/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-barriers-towards-pharmacovigilance-among-physicians-and-pharmacists-of-abbottabad-pakistan
#14
Akash Syed, Saira Azhar, Muhammad Mohsin Raza, Humaira Saeed, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacovigilance in Pakistan needs robust preference in terms of implementation and consistent movement of structured approaches. The objective of this study is to explore the knowledge, attitude and barriers towards adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting among physicians and pharmacists and to explore the encouraging factors of ADR reporting. METHODS: The current research was a cross-sectional study design in which a pre-validated questionnaire was administered to physicians and pharmacists in Abbottabad, Pakistan...
March 31, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601493/de-prescribing-of-psychotropic-medications-in-the-adult-population-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-commentary
#15
Bernadette Flood
The population with intellectual disabilities is one of the most vulnerable groups in society. Medication use is the main therapeutic intervention in this population and psychotropic medications can be prescribed for mental health conditions and for challenging behaviors. Clinical experience of prescribers and pharmacists working with people with intellectual disabilities suggests that reducing or stopping psychotropic medication is not always straightforward. What is required is rational, rather than rationed, prescribing of psychotropic medications...
March 30, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597245/the-relevancy-of-paracetamol-and-breastfeeding-post-infant-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nurain Suleiman, Siti Hadijah Shamsuddin, Razman Mohd Rus, Shamsul Drahman, Mai Nurul Ashikin Mohd Taib
Background: Paracetamol may be used as an antipyretic agent for the treatment of fever, as well as an analgesic in the treatment of mild to moderate pain post-vaccination in infants. The use of paracetamol during fever may be or may not be recommended since it may alter the natural human body immune response, although it may reduce pain. Objectives: The aims of this study are to describe the effectiveness of breastfeeding in reducing pain and paracetamol in reducing fever and pain post infant vaccination. Methods: Data sources and study selection was conducted by electronic searching of six databases...
March 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587353/implementation-of-a-medication-reconciliation-process-in-an-internal-medicine-clinic-at-an-academic-medical-center
#17
Kathryn M Holt, Amy N Thompson
Discrepancies in medication orders at transitions of care have been shown to affect patient outcomes in a negative way. The Joint Commission recognizes the importance of medication reconciliation through their National Patient Safety Goals, with an emphasis placed on maintaining accurate medication information for each patient. The primary objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of implementing a medication reconciliation process in an internal medicine clinic at an academic medical center. A retrospective chart review of patients seen at an Internal Medicine Clinic within and Academic Medical Center, a continuity and teaching clinic for Internal Medicine residents and faculty practice clinic, was conducted...
March 24, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561823/the-professional-culture-of-community-pharmacy-and-the-provision-of-mtm-services
#18
Meagen M Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes
The integration of advanced pharmacy services into community pharmacy practice is not complete. According to implementation research understanding professional culture, as a part of context, may provide insights for accelerating this process. There are three objectives in this study. The first objective of this study was to validate an adapted version of an organizational culture measure in a sample of United States' (US) community pharmacists. The second objective was to examine potential relationships between the cultural factors identified using the validated instrument and a number of socialization and education variables...
March 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547577/pharmacists-as-interprofessional-collaborators-and-leaders-through-clinical-pathways
#19
Sherine Ismail, Mohamed Osman, Rayf Abulezz, Hani Alhamdan, K H Mujtaba Quadri
Pharmacists possess pivotal competencies and expertise in developing clinical pathways (CPs). We present a tertiary care facility experience of pharmacists vis-a-vis interprofessional collaboration for designing and implementing CPs. We participated in the development of CPs as leading members of a collaborative team of healthcare professionals. We reviewed literature, aligning it with hospital formulary and institutional standards, and participated in weekly team meetings for six months. Several tools and services were adapted to guide prescribing and standardization of care through time-bound order sets...
March 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518017/adherence-to-oral-anticancer-medications-evolving-interprofessional-roles-and-pharmacist-workforce-considerations
#20
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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