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Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

Eman Ali Dyab, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Siti Halimah Bux, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Medication error reporting (MER) is an effective way used to identify the causes of Medication Errors (MEs) and to prevent repeating them in future. The underreporting of MEs is a challenge generally in all MER systems. The current research aimed to explore nurses' knowledge on MER by determining their attitudes towards reporting and studying the implicated barriers and facilitators. A total of 23 nurses were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The saturation point was attained after 21 interviews...
November 5, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Jesse R Catlin, Eric P Brass
Despite providing a consistent and comprehensible format for over-the-counter (OTC) drug communication, research suggests important limitations in the communication effectiveness of the Drug Facts Label required on OTC drugs in the United States. This literature is reviewed and some of these critical limitations of the Drug Facts Label (DFL) highlighted. These include difficulty communicating complex information that requires integration of multiple pieces of label information and limited adaptability to serve the unique needs of individual populations (e...
October 26, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Mojtaba Vaismoradi
Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) are injuries resulting from medicine-related interventions. [...].
October 25, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Liza J Seubert, Kerry Whitelaw, Laetitia Hattingh, Margaret C Watson, Rhonda M Clifford
(1) Background: Community pharmacy personnel help mitigate risks of self-care by consumers who seek over-the-counter (OTC) medicines or treatment of symptoms and/or conditions. Exchange of information facilitates the OTC consultation, but pharmacy personnel often report difficulties in engaging consumers in a dialogue. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a behaviour change intervention to enhance information exchange between pharmacy personnel and consumers during OTC consultations in community pharmacies...
October 24, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Inayat Ur Rehman, Malik Muhammad Asad, Allah Bukhsh, Zahid Ali, Humera Ata, Juman Abdulelah Dujaili, Ali Qais Blebil, Tahir Mehmood Khan
Background: The irrational use, "over the counter supply", and unregulated supply chains of antimicrobials are contributing toward antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial stewardship programs regulate antimicrobials usage to prevent resistance and reduce health care burden. Objective: To assess the knowledge and practice of pharmacists' working in various healthcare settings toward antimicrobial stewardship in Pakistan. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacists working in different sectors between March to June 2017...
October 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Amber Frick, Cristina Benton, Oscar Suzuki, Olivia Dong, Rachel Howard, Hijrah El-Sabae, Tim Wiltshire
Pharmacogenomics provides a personalized approach to pharmacotherapy by using genetic information to guide drug dosing and selection. However, partly due to lack of education, pharmacogenomic testing has not been fully implemented in clinical practice. With pharmacotherapy training and patient accessibility, pharmacists are ideally suited to apply pharmacogenomics to patient care. Student pharmacists ( n = 222) participated in an educational intervention that included voluntary personal genotyping using 23andMe...
October 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Louise S Deeks, Sam Kosari, Katja Boom, Gregory M Peterson, Aaron Maina, Ravi Sharma, Mark Naunton
Background : Asthma is principally managed in general practice. Appropriate prescribing and medication use are essential, so general practice pharmacists appear suitable to conduct asthma management consultations. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the asthma management role of a pharmacist in general practice. Methods : Analysis of an activity diary and stakeholder interviews were conducted to identify interventions in asthma management; determine whether asthma control changed following pharmacist input; and determine acceptability of asthma management review by a pharmacist in one general practice in Canberra, Australia...
October 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
William R Doucette, Jon C Schommer
New tasks are being developed for pharmacy technicians in community practice. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess the willingness of community pharmacy technicians to perform new tasks, and (2) to identify factors affecting technicians in assuming new tasks in community pharmacy practice. An online survey asked about the respondent characteristics, involvement in pharmacy technician tasks, willingness to perform emerging pharmacy technician tasks, and influences on pharmacy technicians' performance of emerging tasks...
October 12, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Cheryl A Sadowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Vasudha Gupta, Evan Williams
There is an imminent need to identify and develop new ambulatory care practice sites with the increase in the number of colleges of pharmacy across the nation. This manuscript provides recommendations to help clinical faculty determine whether a potential pharmacy practice site will be able to provide adequate resources and support to establish a successful practice. This may be challenging to pharmacy practice faculty in settings where clinical pharmacy services have never been utilized. Topics include the pre-work needed prior to approaching a new practice site, assessing the need for physical requirements, meeting key personnel, marketing clinical skills and services, implementing, and evaluating practice site...
October 11, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Godwin Oligbu, Leila Ahmed
Teicoplanin is now increasingly used as a first-line prophylactic therapy for major surgical procedures, treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections and for those with reported penicillin allergy. Teicoplanin is rarely associated with anaphylaxis and there is limited information on the prevalence of teicoplanin-induced perioperative anaphylaxis. Here, we describe a case of a 12-year-old child with teicoplanin-induced anaphylaxis peri-operatively.
October 9, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Xin Yan Lim, Quan Qi Yeo, Grace Li Lin Kng, Wing Lam Chung, Kai Zhen Yap
Background : This study aims to evaluate the inter-rater reliability and perceived usability of a newly developed drug-related problem (DRP) classification system for use by pharmacists in the intermediate and long-term care (ILTC) setting in Singapore. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study involving the use of a self-administered questionnaire. All 55 pharmacists affiliated to the Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore (PSS) ILTC Pharmacists Workgroup who were above 21 years old and not authors of the classification system were invited to participate...
October 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Siraj Sundaran, Anjali Udayan, Keerthi Hareendranath, Basil Eliyas, Babu Ganesan, Ashik Hassan, Rajesh Subash, Vishnu Palakkal, Mohammed Saji Salahudeen
Hospital-based adverse drug reaction (ADR) monitoring and reporting programs intend to identify and quantify the risks associated with the use of medicines. To examine the causality, preventability and severity of ADR in a hospital setting; a prospective cohort study on spontaneous ADR reporting was conducted from December 2015 to May 2016. Incidence of ADRs, causality, type, severity and preventability were assessed using necessary assessment scales. The study included 3157 hospitalized individuals, in whom 51 ADRs were detected among 49 patients...
September 29, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Cheyenne Newsome, Li-Wei Chen, Jessica Conklin
The number of transgender and gender-diverse patients seeking medical care in the United States is increasing. For many of these patients, pharmacotherapy is a part of their gender-affirming transition. Effective instructional methods and resources for teaching pharmacy students about this patient population's social considerations and medical treatments is lacking. Three hours of educational material on caring for transgender patients was added to a third-year course in a four-year Doctorate of Pharmacy program in the United States...
September 29, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Sofia von Schantz, Nina Katajavuori, Anne M Juppo
Introduction: The correct use of a prescribed inhaler device is crucial for achieving successful disease management in asthma. This study investigates non-verbal, demonstrational videos as a method of teaching inhaler naïve individuals how to use a dry powder inhaler (DPI). Methods: Video instructions for four DPIs were examined using a mixed methodology; 31 inhaler-naïve individuals participated in the study. Participants were each shown a demonstrational video of one the four inhalers, after each video the participant demonstrated how they would use the inhaler...
September 29, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Roxanna S D Mohammed, Eugene Y H Yeung
A recent article in the Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy discussed pharmacists' perception of clinical research. The article illustrated that pharmacists lack the time, resources, and skills to conduct research. In the current paper, two ex-pharmacists, who now work as physicians, commented on the prejudice towards pharmacy researchers. Pharmacy researchers face obstacles such as being mislabeled as "non-clinical" and lacking opportunities to be involved in high-impact publications. The current paper discussed ways to improve pharmacy research, including collaboration with well-established researchers, putting less emphasis on the "clinical" pharmacist title, and changing the pharmacy culture...
September 27, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Weixiang Zhang, Hao Zhong, Yitao Wang, Ging Chan, Yuanjia Hu, Hao Hu, Defang Ouyang
Background: The field of Pharmacy education is experiencing a paucity of underrepresented minorities (URMs) faculty worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate the current professional status of Chinese-origin pharmacy faculty members, who are considered as a good model of URMs at pharmacy academia in western countries, and identify the influencing factors to their academic career progression in academic careers. Methods: An online questionnaire was sent to Chinese-origin academic staffs at pharmacy schools in US, UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand...
September 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Oumar Bassoum, Ndèye Marème Sougou, Mayassine Diongue, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacke Lèye, Mouhamad Mbodji, Djibril Fall, Ibrahima Seck, Adama Faye, Anta Tal-Dia
Background: Bacterial resistance is a major public health problem worldwide. One solution to this scourge is to sensitize the general public on rational use of antibiotics. Our goal was to assess people's knowledge and opinions about antibiotic use and bacterial resistance in an urban setting. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study. A convenience sampling was done. A questionnaire was administered to 400 persons during face-to-face interviews. Results: Most respondents thought that antibiotics are effective against colds/flu (69...
September 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Sue Jordan, Patricia A Logan, Gerwyn Panes, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, David Hughes
The power and influence of healthcare systems comes largely from the ability to prescribe efficacious medicine. However, medicine can sometimes cause harm rather than bring benefits. Systematically checking patients for the adverse effects of medicines, as listed in manufacturers' literature, would protect patients from iatrogenic harm, but this is rarely undertaken. We argue for the benefits of this approach using the example of the prescription of antipsychotics to older adults. Prescribing antipsychotics to control challenging behaviours associated with dementia is a controversial matter, and regulatory intervention is under discussion...
September 18, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Surarong Chinwong, Dujrudee Chinwong
Providing smoking cessation services is one role of community pharmacists in Thailand. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate activities and barriers related to smoking cessation services provided in community pharmacies in Thailand, as well as to compare these activities and barriers between those pharmacists providing and those not providing smoking cessation services. A postal questionnaire was conducted to collect information from community pharmacists across Thailand. In all, 413 valid responses were received from 5235 questionnaires, giving a 7...
September 17, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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