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Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics

Stepan Kutilek
Burosumab (KRN23) is a fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody that binds excess fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and has been successfully tested in clinical trials in children with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets. A report enclosed in this letter gives a brief review of current knowledge on burosumab therapy.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Suhair A O Hasan
A term, male infant weighing 4.725 kg, was born vaginally to a grand multipara, diabetic mother. The birth was difficult and needed assistance with ventose. At 48 hours of birth, the infant noted to be febrile (temperature of 38.5C) with dry skin. Shortly after that, he developed vomiting, loose motions, irritability, and seizure. Examination revealed a macrosomic, normotensive infant, with slightly prolonged capillary refill time (3 sec), clear lung fields, normal heart sounds, bilaterally palpable renal masses which was ovoid, smooth, and 10 × 5 cm in size...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Noha Karadawi, Sulafa K M Ali
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children and young adults in developing countries. It results from throat infection with group A beta hemolytic streptococcus that proceeds to acute rheumatic fever (ARF). We report a 13 years old girl from Darfur presenting with recurrent acute rheumatic fever for 4 years that led to affection of all her heart valves with severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation together with moderate pulmonary and mild aortic valve regurgitation...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Mritunjay Kumar, Ankur Malhotra, Sourabh Gupta, Ragini Singh
Nephrotic syndrome is associated with hypercoagulable states and a subsequent high risk of venous and rarely arterial thromboembolism. Although venous thromboembolism has been a recognised risk, prevalence of pulmonary embolism in patients with nephrotic syndrome is based on data from different case series. Here we report a 5 year old child with nephrotic syndrome who developed life threatening cerebral dural venous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism within a month of disease onset.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Jubran Theeb Alqanatish, Amir Babiker
Kawasaki disease is a common vasculitis that typically affects children between one and five years of age. We report a 12-year-old boy who presented following a presumed diagnosis of pharyngitis associated with nondesquamating skin rash and conjunctivitis. Despite treatment with amoxicillin for seven days his fever persisted for ten days and then remitted. Two weeks later, he developed full thickness extensive desquamation of his palms and soles that mandated a visit to emergency department in our tertiary health centre...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali
Low birth weight is a known comorbidity of congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examines the relationship between CHD and birth weight of singletons, while attempting to remove factors that influence birth weight, and assesses the impact of CHD on growth in later life. The main objective is to study the relationship between birthweight and CHD. This is a cross-sectional study of 141 samples, covering all patients who were referred to the Paediatric Echocardiography Lab at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre between September and October 2016...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali, Nagmelddin Mohamed Abbakar, Mohamed Babikir Abdel Raheem, Rashid Abdelrahman Ellidir
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is one of the important causes of acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. Proposed prognostic features are controversial. We reviewed, retrospectively, the records of children with HUS seen at Soba hospital, Khartoum (2004-2012). We aimed to study demographics, clinical/ laboratory features, outcome and prognostic risk factors. Thirty-nine children with HUS were recorded; 59% had diarrhoea positive (D+) and 41% diarrhoea negative (D-) HUS. The mean age was 65...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Hasan Awadalla Hashim, Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali
Malaria remains a major health problem in Sudan with significant morbidity and mortality particularly in children. We prospectively studied children with malaria admitted to an Emergency Department in Khartoum (August-November 2014). Malaria diagnosis was based on a positive blood smear and rapid diagnostic test. The aim was to study the clinical and laboratory features and short-term outcome of malaria among hospitalized children. Data collected from 112 children (males; 56.3%) who fulfilled the criteria for diagnosis of malaria of whom 72...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Saumil Ashvinkumar Desai, Pankaj Tule, Ruchi Nimish Nanavati
Early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has proven to be beneficial in reducing ventilator dependence and subsequent chronic lung disease in neonates suffering from Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). However, the efficacy of initiating labour room (LR) CPAP has not been determined prospectively in resource limited settings like India. Hence the objective of the present study was to study the efficacy of LR CPAP in preterm neonates with RDS in resource limited Indian settings. This was a prospective observational study including preterm neonates (26-34 weeks with RDS) carried out over a period of 6 months (January to June 2016) when the CPAP was initiated in LR...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Haifa A Bin Dahman
Pediatric rheumatology is still considered a mysterious branch of pediatric medicine, especially among developing countries. Long-term consequences usually follow delayed diagnosis, referral, and management of rheumatic disorders. We aim to describe the clinical spectrum and the frequency of pediatric rheumatic diseases (PRDs) in AL-Mukalla hospital in Hadhramout province/Yemen. A case record retrospective study was conducted among all patients who attended the pediatric rheumatology clinic in Al-Mukalla hospital (from January 2010 to December 2016) with a musculoskeletal complaint or systemic symptoms suggestive of rheumatic disease...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
Diabetes is the third commonest chronic illness in children following asthma and epilepsy. More recently the overall prevalence of diabetes in children and adults continued to increase dramatically. In children, this has partially been contributed to by the pandemic of obesity. Understandably, this posed an economic burden on health authorities and countries dealing with significant morbidity of the disease with potentially serious complications. In parallel to this, more therapeutic discoveries expanded the list of choice for available medications...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Mustafa Abdalla M Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
S N Prashanth, K Jagadish Kumar, M G Anil Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Badi Alenazi, M A Maleque Molla, Abdullah Alshaya, Mahmoud Saleh
Hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare form of rickets that affect children. The diagnosis requires high index of suspicion. We report a case of Hypophosphatemic rickets in 18-month-old Saudi boy presented with delayed walking and lower limb deformity. The diagnosis was confirmed by bone profile, radiological study and genetic testing, which reveled PHEX mutation. The patient was successfully treated by phosphate supplement.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Maria Gogou, Martha Spilioti, Despoina Tramma, Efimia Papadopoulou-Alataki, Athanasios Evangeliou
A 10-year-old girl was admitted to the Emergency Department due to a history of intermittent pain located in the left radiocarpal joint for a month, as well as in the interphalangeal joints of the left hand without any additional symptoms. Clinical examination revealed mild sensory deficits and diminished muscle strength of the left upper limb without any other pathologic findings. A Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan of the brain and spinal cord was performed, which confirmed a diagnosis of thoracic syringomyelia...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Sunil Malik, Sonal Saran, Sarabpreet Singh Kanwar
Plasmodium vivax, which was previously considered 'benign', has come out with unusual severe symptoms. We, here present an unusual case of Plasmodium vivax malaria presenting with spontaneous splenic rupture with hemoperitoneum, renal and pulmonary dysfunction. Following conservative management, there was an uneventful recovery, and the patient was discharged in a good general condition.
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Muneer H ALBagshi, Somaya H Saloma, Hassan M Albagshi
Sideroblastic anemia is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by the presence of ring sideroblasts in the bone marrow, and has congenital and acquired forms. Congenital sideroblastic anemia is a rare condition, which is mostly X-linked, caused by mutations of delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase 2. We describe one case of congenital sideroblastic anemia, indicating an autosomal recessive inheritance, with its clinico-hematological profile. It is important to recognize this entity early in life as a significant percentage of cases respond to pyridoxine thus avoiding any long-term complications...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Abdelmoneim E M Kheir, Eltigani M A Ali, Safaa A Medani, Huda S Maaty
Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology, composed of a triad of deficient abdominal wall muscle, cryptorchidism and urinary tract anomalies. The majority of patients have associated pulmonary, skeletal, cardiac, and gastrointestinal defects. This was a prospective, case finding study that was conducted in the main paediatric hospitals in Khartoum state, during the period December 2015 to September 2016. A total of 15 patients with prune belly syndrome were collected. Patients' characteristics were noted including socio-demographic data, laboratory and radiological investigations and any medical or surgical intervention...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Basma Sadik, Haydar E Babikir, Mohammed A R Arbab
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common structural malformations in human kind. It is a public health problem with great impact on the child, parents and the community at large. The aim is to study the epidemiological profile and patterns of NTDs in under five-year of age Sudanese children who attended the neurosurgical clinic at the National Centre of Neurological Sciences (NCNS), Khartoum during the period from March 2014 to December 2014. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the neurosurgery clinic in NCNS, Khartoum...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
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