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Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics

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2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Nader M Osman, Ali Al Sanosi
Bartter syndrome is a rare inherited defect in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. It is characterized by low potassium levels (hypokalaemia), increased blood pH (alkalosis) and normal to low blood pressure. There are three types of Bartter syndrome: neonatal, the classic type and Gitelman syndrome. Nephropathic cystinosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by accumulation of free cystine in lysosomes due to disorder of lysosomal transport that can lead to end stage renal failure within 10 years and multiorgan impairment...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Amal Y Kentab
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a rare, sporadic neurocutaneous disorder. It is typically characterized by unilateral, posterior leptomeningeal angiomas that calcify, glaucoma, and facial portwine tains. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital syndrome characterized by ipsilateral cutaneous capillary malformations, venous varicosities, and bony or soft tissue overgrowth of the affected limbs. The clinical, neuroradiological features as well as the outcome of a Saudi boy who was referred to the Division of Pediatric Neurology, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, with intractable focal seizure and left-sided hemiparesis who was eventually diagnosed with combined SWS and KTS is described here...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Suhair A Othman, Amel A Malik
Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA), also called hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type IV (HSAN-IV), is an extremely rare autosomal recessive disease. It is characterized by insensitivity to pain, inability to sweat, episodes of hyperpyrexia, and intellectual disability. These factors render the affected persons to repeatedly injure and traumatise themselves to the degree that they become disabled. No specific treatment to the moment, but it needs multidisciplinary approach, and certain life adaptations and education...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Taha I Yousif, Katie O'Reilly, Montasser Nadeem
Bacterial meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the meninges covering the brain. It is a life-threatening illness, if untreated. The aim of this study was to examine whether blood tests including C-reactive protein (CRP) and full blood count (FBC) predict bacterial meningitis in children. We also examined the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests including gram stain, culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and blood tests such as culture and PCR results. We studied 11 patients admitted with bacterial meningitis in the Paediatric wards, National Children's Hospital, Dublin, Northern Ireland (2012-2016)...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Abdulrahman Albakr, Muddathir H Hamad, Ali H Alwadei, Fahad A Bashiri, Hamdy H Hassan, Hiyam Idris, Saeed Hassan, Taim Muayqil, Ikhlass Altweijri, Mustafa A Salih
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare neurological disorder in children. It is characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of brain parenchymal lesion, vascular malformations, hydrocephalus, or central nervous system (CNS) infection. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by high opening pressure of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with exclusion of secondary causes of intracranial hypertension. If not treated properly, it may lead to severe visual dysfunction. Here we review the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria and management of IIH in children through illustration of the clinical and radiological presentation of a 13-year-old overweight girl who presented with severe headache, diplopia and bilateral papilledema...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Samah M Osman, Samah M Mubarak, Ilham M Omer, Mohamed A Abdullah
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic T cell mediated autoimmune disease that results in destruction of pancreatic islet cells. Helicobacter pylori (HP) was recently thought to be a triggering factor for T1DM. This is a prospective case control study at Gaafar Ibnauf Children's Hospital and three other diabetic clinics in Khartoum, during the period January-September 2012. Ninety newly diagnosed T1DM children and a similar number of a control group were compared. Assessment of HP specific serum immunoglobulin was performed using Eliza test...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Noufa A Alonazi, Aisha A Alonazi, Elshazaly Saeed, Sarar Mohamed
Developing a patient safety culture was one of the recommendations made by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to assist hospitals in improving patient safety. Nurses are the key to safety improvements in hospitals. It is necessary to know their awareness and perception regarding institutional safety climate. The aim of this study is to explore perceptions of patient safety among nursing staff in a tertiary hospital in Central Saudi Arabia in different discipline units. The current study was conducted at Prince Sultan Military Medical City (PSMMC), a tertiary center in Riyadh, Central Saudi Arabia...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Satti Abdelrahim Satti, Sarah Fakhreldin Mohamed-Omer, Mashair Abdelgadir Hajabubker
Traditional Sudanese medicine is based on experiences of every day people, systems of taboos, customs and deep-rooted traditions. This is a cross-sectional, hospital-based study done in Gaafar Ibnauf Children's Hospital including inpatient and outpatient subjects from October 2009 to January 2010, to identify the pattern and determinants of use, prevalence and commonest types of traditional treatments in Sudanese children. Of the hundred interviewed families 70% were using traditional treatments, causing delay in presentation to hospital in 24% of children...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Abeer M Anteet, Sharifah T Al Issa, Amer O Al-Ali, Hessah M Al-Otaibi, Sarar Mohamed, Amir Babiker, Nasir A M Al-Jurayyan
Sanjad-Sakati Syndrome (SSS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital hypoparathyroidism, growth retardation and dysmorphism. Thyroid status of patients with SSS has not been widely explored. Therefore, we aimed to review the occurrence of autoimmune thyroiditis, which is commonly associated with other genetic disorders, in SSS. A retrospective hospital based study was conducted at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, to determine the thyroid status of patients with SSS attending the hospital between 1990 and 2015...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Ayaa Siddig Abdelrahman Ali, Mohamed Ali Awadelkarim
High morbidity of mental disorders among juvenile offenders has been confirmed by several studies, thus challenging both the juvenile justice system and the mental health system. Data from developed countries may not reflect the situation in low-income countries and therefore cannot form a basis for intervention. No similar study has been done in Sudan. The objective to determine prevalence of psychiatric disorders among incarcerated youth in Al-Juref juvenile correctional facility. All juveniles (forty eight) were studied utilizing a descriptive cross-sectional study design...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Sunil Malik, Mahima Mittal, K P Kushwaha
Malnutrition is a major public health problem especially in the developing countries. The objective of the study was to compare WHO/UNICEF recommended therapeutic food with home based therapeutic food in the management of severe acute malnutrition. It was a randomized controlled trial at tertiary care level hospital with nutritional rehabilitation centre. Children (6 month to 5 years) having severe acute malnutrition were included in the study. Group A (n=74 children) was given WHO recommended therapeutic food and group B (n=75 children) was given home based therapeutic food...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Maha Abelmoneim Elseed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Mustafa Abdalla M Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Ahmed Awad Adeel
This article explores the origins of an old brass monocular microscope in the Central Laboratory in Khartoum, which used to be the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratory in Khartoum (1903-1934). Examination of the microscope and review of published literature gave clues to the historical background of this microscope. Identical microscopes were first manufactured by R and J Beck in 1898, and continued to be advertised in 1899. The microscope was probably among the instruments provided by Wellcome for the initial establishment of the laboratories in 1902-1903...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Muddathir H Hamad, Ahmed Awad Adeel, Ali Abdu N Alhaboob, Ahmed M Ashri, Mustafa A Salih
This is a case report of acute organophosphate poisoning in a child treated with topical application of Diazinon-60 (WHO Class II toxicity) for head lice (pediculosis capitis). The patient presented with neurological symptoms and signs. After emergency respiratory and circulatory resuscitation the patient underwent dermal decontamination and was treated with atropine, high flow oxygen and pralidoxime. Scanning electron micrographs of scalp hair specimens revealed both viable and empty head lice nits (lice eggs that attach to the hair shaft)...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Abdelmoneim Em Kheir, Wisal Ma Ahmed, Israa Gaber, Sara Ma Gafer, Badreldin M Yousif
Cholestasis in early infancy represents a diagnostic dilemma and most of these infants suffer either from extrahepatic biliary atresia or idiopathic neonatal hepatitis. Differentiation between the two conditions may be extremely difficult both clinically and biochemically, and a diagnostic liver biopsy is usually required. We report on a Sudanese infant who presented at the age of 4 weeks with prolonged cholestatic jaundice, abdominal ultrasound was inconclusive, HIDA scan was suggestive of extrahepatic biliary atresia and the diagnosis of idiopathic neonatal hepatitis was only reached by liver biopsy...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Haifa A Bin Dahman, Abdul-Hakeem M Bin Mubaireek, Zain H Alhaddad
Joubert syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by congenital ataxia, hypotonia, developmental delay and at least one of the following features: neonatal respiratory disturbances and abnormal eye movements; including nystagmus and oculomotor apraxia. Molar tooth appearance is an essential finding for the diagnosis of Joubert syndrome. We report a five-days-old newborn with mild hypotonia, abnormal pattern of respiration, abnormal eye movements and molar tooth sign on brain CT scan...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Monera Mm Mohammed, Sirageldin Mk Abdel Rahman
Hyperglycaemia has become a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality of the smaller fragile infants surviving the neonatal period. Its risk is inversely related to gestational age, birth weight and baby's clinical condition. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, some clinical aspects and immediate outcome of hyperglycaemia in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Gaafar Ibnauf Children's Hospital, Khartoum. The study was a prospective, descriptive and hospital-based, conducted during the period of 1st January to 31st December 2014...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
Mugahid Faroug Mohamed Ali, Mohammed Osman Swar, Atika Mohamed Osman
Iron deficiency anaemia is frequently seen in the paediatric age group. Modifying the treatment options according to the affected area resources will help accessibility and compliance to treatment. Response of children with Iron deficiency anaemia to a natural hematinic (Carboadeim) versus iron syrup plus folic acid treatment was compared in this study. This is a prospective, interventional, controlled, hospital-based study conducted among children with iron deficiency anaemia residing in Hussein Village, Gezira State who attended Giad Hospital...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
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