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SAGE Open Medical Case Reports

Mildred Lopez Pineiro, Eric Willis, Chen Yao, Susan Y Chon
Sunitinib is a multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of multiple different types of malignancies. Serious grade 3-4 adverse events occur in <10% of the patient population and usually improve with dose reduction. One of the more rarely reported side effects of sunitinib therapy is the development of pyoderma gangrenosum-like ulcerations in the lower extremities. These pyoderma gangrenosum-like ulcerations are difficult to treat and distinguish from similar-appearing dermatological diagnoses...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Maria Belen Rojas Gallegos, Chaowapong Jarasvaraparn, Lynn Batten, Haidee Custodio, David A Gremse
Clostridium difficile infection is increasingly diagnosed in children with a wide clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic carriage to fulminant colitis. Symptomatic patients typically present with diarrhea, with or without blood, fever, and abdominal pain. Kawasaki disease, a vasculitis of unknown etiology, occurs primarily in young children. Establishing the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease can be challenging given the lack of a confirmatory diagnostic test or pathognomonic features as well as the appearance of symptoms over time rather than simultaneously...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Florian Reinhardt, Britta Mathys, Petra Reinecke, Hans Neubauer, Tanja Fehm, Svjetlana Mohrmann
Ductal carcinoma in situ in men is incredibly rare and detection by conventional mammography and ultrasound is often challenging. We report an unusual case of a 50-year-old male, with no family history of breast cancer, who presented with an 8-year history of left-sided breast pain and recurrent bloody nipple discharge without any significant suspicious imaging features in mammography and targeted high-resolution ultrasound. Breast magnetic resonance imaging was performed as an adjunct modality. Magnetic resonance imaging findings revealed a suspicious retroareolar non-mass abnormality of segmental, linear and dendritic pattern, which was highly suspicious for a ductal carcinoma in situ...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Charles Saadeh, Seckin O Ulualp
Fidget spinner is a new handheld toy with potential choking and ingestion hazard. Our objectives are to describe clinical presentation of a child with fidget spinner ingestion and draw attention to danger associated with fidget spinner. A 3-year-old boy presented with painful swallowing and feeling of something stuck in the throat. A chest radiograph revealed a radiopaque foreign body with a disc-like component. Rigid oesophagoscopy revealed a foreign object with disc battery and battery holder circuit board...
2018: SAGE open medical case reports
Makinderjit Dulai, Mohamed Elsherif, Wael Tawfick, Edel P Kavanagh, Niamh Hynes, Sherif Sultan
Carotid stump syndrome is defined as the persistence of retinal or cerebral ischaemic events with complete occlusion of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. The aim of this retrospective cases series was to assess the outcomes for patients with carotid stump syndrome managed with surgical intervention. A series of 11 cases of carotid stump syndrome in nine patients presented to our tertiary vascular centre from October 2004 to February 2016. Indications for intervention were amaurosis fugax, transient ischaemic attacks and stroke...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Erika L Crowley, Ashley O'Toole, Melinda J Gooderham
Introduction: Hidradenitis suppurativa and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome are chronic, debilitating diseases involving apocrine gland-bearing skin inflammation and bone inflammation, respectively. Although both often present with multiple comorbidities, single patient co-presentation is rare. Methods/Results: This study reports the 8-year treatment course of a 40-year-old man with hidradenitis suppurativa and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome, and reviews relevant literature...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Xin Guo, Jiro Watanabe, Sanae Ariyasu, Yasuyuki Sasaguri, Nozomu Kurose, Kei Fukushima, Sohsuke Yamada
An 80-year-old male presented with a history of a hard right parotid mass that had gradually increased in size, with subsequent facial paralysis. A fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed. The cytologic specimens contained a substantial number of sheet-like clusters or small groups of a mixture of plasmacytoid, oval to spindled, or large epithelioid cells having hyperchromatic pleomorphic nuclei, abundant cytoplasm with occasional inclusion body-like materials, and prominent nucleoli, in a relatively clear background...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Syeda Nidaa Fatima, Fatima Sarwar, Muhammad Sarwar Khan
Nasal septal abscess is a rather unusual condition encountered in the Otorhinolaryngology outpatient department, let alone it being a complication of orbital cellulitis! The condition usually occurs due to trauma which is significant enough to cause a septal haematoma. The haematoma then eventually results in formation of a localised abscess. Orbital cellulitis as a sequela of nasal septal abscess is an established complication but vice versa, septal abscess as a sequela of orbital cellulitis is an extremely rare presentation...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Ekamjeet Randhawa, John Woytanowski, Kedesha Sibliss, Ian Sheffer
Streptococcus pyogenes is a Gram-positive beta-hemolytic bacteria, also known as group A streptococci, that causes a range of infections. The most common presentation is acute pharyngitis; however, it is also implicated in skin and soft tissue infections, and less commonly bacteremia, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, otitis media and sinusitis. Group A streptococci infections of the central nervous system are exceedingly rare in the antibiotic era. The mechanism of infection is typically contiguous spread from existing infection or via direct inoculation...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Alejandra Jaque, Alexandra Mereniuk, Shachar Sade, Perla Lansang, Kevin Imrie, Neil H Shear
Eosinophilia, both peripheral and in cutaneous tissue, is not a typical finding in mycosis fungoides; in fact, when faced with a lymphoeosinophilic infiltrate, mycosis fungoides is often not part of initial differential considerations. However, eosinophilia has been described in certain subtypes of mycosis fungoides, namely, in folliculotropic mycosis fungoides. We describe three challenging cases of folliculotropic mycosis fungoides presenting with varied clinical morphologies and a dense lymphoeosinophilic infiltrate and/or severe hypereosinophilia that obscured the final diagnosis for years...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Ryszard Lauterbach, Dorota Pawlik, Jan Paweł Lauterbach
Introduction: the aim of this case report is to present that oral L-citrulline supplementation may attenuate chronic pulmonary hypertension and reduce oxygen requirement in infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Important clinical findings: a boy, with a birth weight of 700 g, born by cesarean section after 25 weeks of pregnancy complicated with preeclampsia, was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. He was ventilatory dependent for the next 3 months with significantly increased oxygen requirements...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Yanal Alnimer, Osama Zaghmout, Qazi Azher
Introduction: Carcinosarcoma is a rare gynecological malignancy and it usually follows an aggressive clinical course. Rarely, it can be confined to an endometrial polyp or be synchronous with another gynecological malignancy. Herein, we report a rare case of synchronous carcinosarcoma confined to an endometrial polyp and endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma arising from a distinct uterine wall site. Case presentation: A 57-year-old female patient presented with heavy vaginal bleeding...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Amanda J Shelley, Nordau Kanigsberg
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare histiocytic condition of unknown etiology. Patients with RDD classically present with massive painless cervical lymphadenopathy. However, extra-nodal disease occurs in approximately 40% of cases, with the skin being among the most commonly involved sites. Patients with isolated extra-nodal involvement may present without adenopathy. Reports of RDD occurring in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, and B-cell lymphoma have been published, but there has only been one previous report of RDD in a patient with a T-cell lymphoma...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
James Kiberd, Laura Finlayson
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a genetically inherited disease that causes protoporphyrin accumulation in erythrocytes, skin, liver, bile, and stool. Clinically this manifests as photosensitivity with painful, edematous cutaneous porphyria. We present the case of a four-year-old boy with a delayed photosensitivity reaction to sunlight. In the evening following sun exposure, he would develop swelling and a violaceous rash on the dorsal surface of his hands and occasionally the helix of his ears. His reactions were severe, requiring morphine on more than one occasion prior to diagnosis...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Masahiko Kurabayashi
A 94 year-old Japanese woman with renal dysfunction was admitted to our hospital for congestive heart failure caused by atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. Considering the risk of stroke, warfarin was commenced. However, she developed shock following brachial and retroperitoneal hemorrhage 4 days after starting warfarin despite not being over-anticoagulated. She recovered after receiving blood transfusion and intravenous vitamin K2. Bleeding during warfarin administration occurs more frequently in older individuals with lower glomerular filtration rates, especially within the first 30 days of warfarin treatment...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Maria Arvio, Oili Sauna-Aho, Timo Nyrke, Nina Bjelogrlic-Laakso
We describe here the clinical outcome of four women with epilepsy with eyelid myoclonia (aged 21-53 years). All patients had an uneventful early history, normal physical growth and appearance and no comorbid sensory or motor disability and normal brain magnetic resonance imaging finding. Two women were moderately and one mildly intellectually disabled and one showed a low-average intelligence. The overall well-being of the patients was hampered by psychiatric or various somatic comorbidities and related psychosocial problems...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Vanessa Saliou, Douraied Ben Salem, Julien Ognard, Dewi Guellec, Pascale Marcorelles, François Rouhart, Fabien Zagnoli, Serge Timsit
Background: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation is a rare condition with approximately 100 reported cases. Its clinical manifestations are varied. We report here a novel presentation of this disease. Case presentation: A 61-year-old Caucasian man presented with rapidly progressive paralysis of the IX, X, XI and XII right cranial nerves associated with right central facial nerve palsy. Brain computed tomography angiography and cerebral catheter angiography found a focal fusiform enlargement of the distal cervical portion of the right internal carotid artery, related to a pseudo-aneurysm suggesting an evolution of a dissection and intra-cranial vessel dysplasia...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Thomas Tyszkiewicz, Isam Atroshi
Flexor pollicis longus paralysis related to idiopathic anterior interosseous nerve syndrome is well known, but few reports exist on bilateral disease. A 24-year-old man with no personal or family history of neurological disease developed isolated total loss of active flexion of the right thumb's interphalangeal joint after undergoing a wrist arthroscopy. Surgical exploration 5 weeks after onset showed flexor pollicis longus tendon to be intact; anterior interosseous nerve decompression was done with no abnormalities found...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Alice M Whiteley, Judith M Holdstock, Mark S Whiteley
A 56-year-old woman presented in 2006 with symptomatic primary varicose veins in her right leg. Venous duplex ultrasonography at that time showed what appeared to be "neovascular tissue" around the saphenofemoral junction. However, there had been no previous trauma or surgery in this area. This appearance has subsequently been described as primary avalvular varicose anomalies. She underwent endovenous treatment at that time. In 2018, she presented with symptomatic recurrent varicose veins of the same leg...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Uzdan Uz, Ayca Tan, Onur Celik
Ceruminous adenoma is an extremely rare condition that arises in the external auditory canal. The right ear canal in a 32-year-old man was obstructed by a ceruminous adenoma mimicking otitis externa and its symptoms. The lesion was resected under microscopic view using a transcanal approach. There were no tumor-related symptoms postoperatively and he has been disease free for 1 year after surgery.
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
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