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Acta Cardiologica Sinica

Hsiu-Hao Lee, Yueh-Chung Chen, Jien-Jiun Chen, Shih-Hsiang Lo, Yue-Liang Guo, Hsiao-Yun Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Ming-Fu Chen, Cheng-Hsuan Ho, Tsung-Neng Tsai, Pai-Shan Chen, Sy-Jou Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yiping Wang, Yingqiong Huang, Min Zhang, Xiaoqin Zhang, Xuemei Tang, Yan Kang
Background: Both miR-30a and miR-30e are significantly downregulated in cardiomyocytes (CMs) 2 days (d) post myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to identify their possible regulative network in CMs 2d post-MI. Methods: The dysregulated mRNAs in left ventricle tissues 2d post-MI in mice model were retrieved from one previous publication. The verified target genes of miR-30a/e and the predicted targets (upregulated 2d post-MI) were subjected to analysis of the involvement in biological processes according to their enrichment in gene ontology (GO) terms...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Li-Tan Yang, Yao-Mao Chang, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Chung-Yi Li
Background: We conducted a time-series analysis of daily ambient temperature and all-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory disease mortality in Taiwan, which is generally neither extremely hot nor cold. Methods: Data on all-cause daily mortality rates (excluding accidents, suicide, and homicide), and mortality rates due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases between 2008 and 2010 were obtained from the Taiwan Death Registry. The daily temperature for that period was averaged from 33 monitoring stations nationwide...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mustafa Zungur, Ilker Gul, Senol Kobak
Background: We aimed to evaluate the right ventricular (RV) systolic function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) compared to healthy subjects by using standard echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) methods. Methods: This was a case-control study in which 64 patients (mean age, 55.7 ± 9.2 years; male/female, 53/11), who had AS for at least five years (mean disease duration, 7.1 ± 2.6 years) and 70 age-matched healthy subjects (mean age, 54...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Jing-Wei Kang, Wei-Hsiang Yang, Jia-En Chi, Wei-Ta Chen
Background: Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) with a burden higher than 10% to 20% of total daily heart beats can cause VPC-induced cardiomyopathy. The systolic blood pressure response (SBPR) is the difference between the SBP during maximal exercise and rest. A low SBPR was recently identified to be a marker of cardiomyopathy. The aim of this manuscript was to clarify the association between VPC burden and SBPR. Methods: From January to December 2015, all patients with a VPC burden larger than 240 beats/day on Holter recordings and treadmill exercise tests were enrolled...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Chi-In Lo, Sheng-Shiung Chang, Jui-Peng Tsai, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Ying-Ju Chen, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chao-Hsiung Lee, Kuo-Tzu Sung, Chung-Lieh Hung, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Edward Lai, Hung-I Yeh, Wen-Ling Chang, Wen-Han Chang
Background: Remote cardiac rhythm monitoring and recording, using hand-carried electrocardiogram (ECG) device had been widely used in telemedicine. The feasibility and accuracy analysis on the data recorded by a new miniature ECG system-on-chip (SoC) system has not been explored before. Methods: This study evaluated the accuracy of the ECG recordings captured by CardioChip - a single-channeled, low-powered, miniature ECG SoC designed for mobile applications; comparing against Philips Pagewriter Trim III - a Food and Drug Administration certified, widely-used standard 12-lead ECG recording device, within Mackay Memorial Hospital in Taiwan...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Salih Kilic, Erhan Saracoglu, Yusuf Cekici
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Turkish patients aged ≥ 65 years, and to demonstrate the applicability of echocardiography to AAA screening. Methods: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in all consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years who were referred to cardiology clinics or were referred from other outpatient clinics. The abdominal aorta (AA) of each patient was scanned using the same probe, and the time spent was recorded...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Fan-Chieh Meng, Po-Lin Chen, Chiu-Yang Lee, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
Background: Endovascular stenting has surpassed bypass surgery to become the first-line treatment for superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusive disease, and various types of stents including bare-metal stents (BMSs), covered stents, and drug-eluting stents (DESs), have been approved for treatment. This retrospective, single-institute study compared the short-term, real-world outcomes of BMSs and DESs for treating SFA occlusive disease. Methods: A retrospective chart review was used to enroll 94 patients who received a DES (n = 24) or BMS (n = 70) between 2009 and 2014...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yutaka Goryo, Teruyoshi Kume, Tomoya Ueda, Makoto Watanabe, Ryotaro Yamada, Yoji Neishi, Yoshihiko Saito, Shiro Uemura
Background: To evaluate the neointimal conditions of everolimus-eluting stents (EESs) implanted in culprit lesions of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared with stable angina pectoris (SAP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). EESs are second-generation drug-eluting stents that have recently been shown to be useful in patients with ACS as well as in patients with SAP. However, few studies have analyzed the intra-stent conditions of EESs that can lead to favorable results in such ACS lesions...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Baiping Cui, Yufan Zheng, Lihua Sun, Ting Shi, Ziyu Shi, Lijue Wang, Guoying Huang, Ning Sun
Heart regeneration remains a critical question in current basic research and clinical practice. The adult mammalian heart exhibits a very limited regeneration capacity. In contrast, adult zebrafish and neonatal mice retain a remarkable ability of heart regeneration after damage. Understanding the mechanisms of heart regeneration would be very valuable to help design efficient treatment strategies against myocardial damage and heart failure. While inherent regeneration of the heart occurs after damage with varying efficiency among species, regeneration may also be induced exogenously...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Po-Jung Yuan, Wai-Kin Wong
A 55-year-old male patient presented with repeated acute retrosternal chest pain. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes revealed non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. He was treated as non-ST elevation myocardial infarction at first. The symptoms of left-sided hemiparesis and aphasia occurred later on after admission. The results of emergent brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imagining demonstrated acute stroke. The unusual presentation warned us of the possibility of aortic dissection...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Shih-Wei Meng, Ruei-Cheng Kuo, Hui-Jen Yang, Chao-Lun Lai, Chih-Cheng Wu, Mu-Yang Hsieh
Stroke treatment has entered a new era after the publication of multiple randomized trials involving the use of a stent retriever since 2015. In Taiwan, the demand for interventional neuroradiologists to perform mechanical thrombectomy is high. For this reason, providing this standard care requires reshaping of the care model. Here, we report our experience in recruiting an acute coronary care team to perform emergent mechanical thrombectomy, which is essential in a patient with acute ischemic stroke.
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Fu-Chih Hsiao, Pao-Hsien Chu
Entresto was recommanded by major guidelines as the frontline therapy for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction since its clinical benefit was proved by the PARADIGM-HF trial. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are the cornerstone of the treatment of HF. Varying incidences of first-dose hypotension have been reported and recognized as a potential limiting factor for prescribing. According to previous reports, the onset of hypotension mostly occur 3-5 hours after the first dose. However, the pattern of entresto-related hypotension has not been reported...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Serkan Sivri, Murat Can Güney, Telat Keleş Prof
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis in combination with significant hypomagnesemia and low urinary calcium excretion. The symptoms and severity of the disease can vary greatly from one person to another and can range from mild to severe. Sudden cardiac arrest has been reported occasionally as well. Here, for the first time, we reported a 34-year-old pregnant GS woman who was diagnosed to have hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy during her cardiac examination for the complaints of palpitation and presyncope...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yin-Yu Lin, Ming-Ren Chen
The use of balloon aortic valvuloplasty for congenital aortic valve stenosis was well established in literatures. However, balloon aortic valvuloplasty performed in low body weight neonates had been infrequently reported. Here we report a 5-day-old premature neonate diagnosed critical aortic valve stenosis. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty was performed as first-line therapy while the patient weighed only 1493 g. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty went successfully with transvalvular pressure gradient decreased from 80 mmHg to 44 mmHg...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yu Wang, Cheng-Xi Wei, Li-Qun Shao, Ming Zhao
Background: Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that modulate many target genes. Viral myocarditis is common cardiomyopathy, however, there is an absence of effective therapeutic strategies for viral myocarditis (VMC). The purpose of this research was to characterize changes in miRNAs expression in VMC mice. Methods: Atrial myocytes were infected coxsackievirus B3 and miRNAs microarray was performed. miRNAs target predicted and the bioinformatics analysis was carried out by gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Hung-Kai Huang, Chew-Teng Kor, Ching-Pei Chen, Hung-Te Chen, Po-Ta Yang, Chen-Dao Tsai, Ching-Hui Huang
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a sex-specific disease that has different presentations between men and women. Women with uterine leiomyoma can present with VTE without exhibiting the traditional risk factors. We investigated the relationship between a history of uterine leiomyoma and the risk of VTE using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Methods: We conducted a retrospective, nationwide, population-based case-control study using the NHIRD...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Armin Attar, Amir-Abbas Sadeghi, Fatemeh Amirmoezi, Kamran Aghasadeghi
Background: High blood pressure (BP) is a common chronic disease needs long life drug consumption to control. Spironolactone could be used as the fourth-line therapy in patients with resistant hypertension. However, there is no study to determine the effects of low dose spironolactone as a first line therapy in treatment of essential hypertension. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of low dose spironolactone monotherapy in management of essential hypertension. Methods: In this double blind randomized clinical trial, 40 patients who had stage I essential hypertension were randomly divided into two groups: intervention group received spironolactone 25 milligram once daily for one month and control group received placebo once daily...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
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