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Veterinary Medicine and Science

Adamou Lagare, Gamou Fall, Alkassoum Ibrahim, Sani Ousmane, Bacary Sadio, Mariama Abdoulaye, Abdou Alhassane, Ali Elh Mahaman, Bassira Issaka, Fati Sidikou, Maman Zaneidou, Baruani Bienvenue, Harouna Djingarey Mamoudou, Amadou Bailo Diallo, Goumbi Kadadé, Jean Testa, Halima Boubacar Mainassara, Ousmane Faye
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis causing abortions and high mortality among animals, whereas in humans, the disease is usually mild or asymptomatic. In September 2016, the Republic of Niger declared the first RVF outbreak in the northern region of Tahoua near the Malian border. This study describes the outbreak and reports the results of serological and molecular investigations of the human and animal samples collected. Serum samples from both human and animal suspected cases have been confirmed at the Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire (CERMES) and the Laboratoire Centrale d'Elevage (LABOCEL) public health and animal reference laboratories, respectively...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Kathryn A Robb, Tracey A Rossi, Colleen Tansey, Gabrielle C Hybki, Lisa A Murphy, Reid K Nakamura, Dillon Y Chen
Previous studies in human medicine have found that patients prefer their doctors to be more formally attired, and that this influences their trust and confidence in their physician. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how veterinarians' attire affected owners' impressions and trust in the small animal specialty medicine setting. A questionnaire based study conducted during a 2-month period at an urban based small animal private practice specialty hospital. Respondents completed a written survey after reviewing pictures of the same male and female veterinarian in five different dress styles...
November 5, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Jill Hicks, Simon Platt, Georgina Stewart, Christine Senneca, Shannon Holmes, Marc Kent, Elizabeth Howerth, Jared Kaplan, Edward Kaplan
Entotherapy an image-guided drug-eluting microcylinder platform, has the potential to bypass the limitations of systemic chemotherapy use in the treatment of canine brain tumours. Gliomas, which are common in dogs and also represent the majority of fatal brain tumours in humans, can be amenable to chemotherapy with temozolomide. Biopolymer microcylinders conjugated with temozolomide and gadolinium were implanted into partially resected tumours of four client-owned dogs with gliomas. All four dogs presented with generalized seizures and had mild to no neurologic deficits at the time of craniotomy...
November 5, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Adi Behar, Binyamin Boris Leibovich, Nir Edery, Tohru Yanase, Jacob Brenner
Simbu serogroup are arbo- viruses which are mainly transmitted by Culicoides. Two members of the Simbu serogroup, Akabane and Shuni viruses, have been isolated from congenitally malformed ruminants in Israel. A recent serosurvey revealed that Israeli ruminants have been exposed to several additional Simbu viruses, including Shamonda and Sathuperi that seems to be circulating in Israel. In April 2017, an apparently healthy one-month-old male calf was transferred to the Kimron Veterinary Institute. A few days later, the calf was reported to be slow to respond to its surroundings and was not able to feed on its own...
November 5, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Lara A Fossati, Jennifer A Larsen, Cecilia Villaverde, Andrea J Fascetti
Over-the-counter (OTC) limited ingredient canine diets could be reliable alternatives to veterinary therapeutic formulations for the diagnosis and management of adverse food reaction (AFR). However, the possibility of undeclared ingredients jeopardizes the efficacious use of OTC options for medical purposes. The objective was to determine the presence of undeclared ingredients in OTC canine dry diets marketed as limited or single protein source diets. Twenty-one OTC adult canine diets marketed as limited or single protein source diets were purchased...
October 29, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Ibrahim Ahmad, Caleb A Kudi, Abdullahi A Magaji, Yusuf Yakubu, Mansur D Salisu, Samuel Shuaibu, Zaharadden M Daninna
In 2017, cases of generalized tuberculosis (TB) were identified in a cow and a bull-camel, slaughtered at the Gusau abattoir in Zamfara State Nigeria. The objective of this study was to identify the cause of the gross pathology on the account of disseminated lesions widely distributed in different body parts of the animals. Tissue samples were analysed using Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) stain and region of difference (RD) deletion typing. Results obtained by laboratory investigations revealed infection with acid-fast tubercle bacilli in affected tissues from the cow and the dromedary bull-camel...
October 25, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Deborah M Nash, Jennifer Paddison, Mina C G Davies Morel, Eytan R Barnea
Persistent mating-induced endometritis (PMIE) is a significant cause of mare infertility hence its treatment would advance the management of susceptible mares. Preimplantation factor (PIF) is secreted by viable embryos, including human, mouse and cattle, and is essential for maternal immune-tolerance without immune-suppression by modulating inflammation. This preliminary study aimed to test whether PIF exerts inflammatory-modulating properties upon equine endometrium challenged with Escherichia coli-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using endometrial explant culture...
October 1, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Maki Hirata, Fuminori Tanihara, Masayasu Taniguchi, Mitsuhiro Takagi, Tsukasa Terazono, Takeshige Otoi
Ovarian follicular dynamics is not well known in dogs. Imaging of ovaries is technically difficult; however, ovaries clamped at a subcutaneous site can more easily be monitored using ultrasound imaging. This study investigated the follicular development of canine ovaries stimulated by hormone treatment using ultrasound imaging of the ovaries clamped at a subcutaneous site. Oestrus was induced using subcutaneous administration of 500 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and 1000 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) (eCG/hCG)...
October 1, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Atsushi Tanabe, Daisuke Kobayashi, Koki Maeda, Masayuki Taguchi, Hiroeki Sahara
The balance between pro- and anti-angiogenic signalling is tightly regulated in normal tissues to maintain the functions of the vasculature. In contrast, the overproduction of angiogenic factors and enhanced angiogenesis are frequently observed in several types of tumours. Although there have been many reports on the correlation between tumour progression and angiogenesis in humans, little is known about tumour angiogenesis in canines. Hence, we attempted to clarify whether angiogenesis contributes to tumour progression in canines as well as humans...
September 28, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Isabel Wiedemann, Tony Krebs, Niklas Momberg, Christoph Knorr, Jens Tetens
The multigene family of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) belongs to a group of aspartic proteases that are exclusively expressed by trophoblast cells in the placenta of even-toed ungulates. In Bovidae, 22 different PAG genes (boPAGs) with a wide range of temporal and spatial expression- and glycosylation patterns have been reported to date. In this study we describe the mRNA expression patterns using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) for selected modern (boPAG-1, -9, -21) and ancient bovine PAGs (boPAG-2, -8, -10, -11, -12) in cotyledonary tissue...
September 28, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Ganesh Adhikari, Krishna P Acharya, Mukul Upadhyay, Rabin Raut, Krishna Kaphle, Tanka Khanal, Miranda R Bertram, Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt
Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is endemic in Nepal and causes substantial economic losses in the livestock industry. The goal of this study was to perform an epidemiological analysis of FMD outbreaks reported to the Veterinary Epidemiology Center, Tripureshwor, Nepal during 2010-2015, in order to strengthen the National FMD Control Program. These current data were considered in the context of historical data on FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes detected in the country between 1965 and 2015. During 2010-2015, a total of 1333 livestock holdings reported FMD outbreaks in Nepal...
September 10, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Martha J Lane, Alma F Roy, Michael T Kearney, Cherie M Pucheu-Haston
Relatively few studies have been published describing the patterns of staphylococcal isolation and antimicrobial resistance over time in cats. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the frequency, location, characteristics and antimicrobial resistance profiles of staphylococci isolated by the Louisiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory between the years 2001 and 2014. All feline staphylococcal isolates were classified phenotypically. Isolates corresponding to known or possibly pathogenic species (Staphylococcus intermedius group (SIG) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA)) as well as Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE) and non-speciated coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were further evaluated to determine antimicrobial resistance patterns...
September 10, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Saam Torkan, Behnam Vazirian, Faham Khamesipour, Gabriel O Dida
Campylobacter is considered the most common bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis in the world with C. jejuni being regarded as the primary cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. A broad range of other Campylobacter species, including C. coli have also been implicated in human gastroenteritis. This study sought to isolate, characterize and assess the antibiogram of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli from faecal samples obtained from cats and dogs in Isfahan and Shahrekord cities in Iran. Faecal samples were collected from 100 pets comprising of 50 dogs and 50 cats from March 2015 to March 2016; incorporating the four seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter)...
August 31, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Halit Kanca, Gizem Tez, Kazim Bal, Dogukan Ozen, Eray Alcigir, Sevil Atalay Vural
Canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVT) is a naturally occurring contagious neoplasm of dogs located mainly on the external genitalia of both sexes. The course of vincristine chemotherapy, the most effective and practical therapy, is affected by the immune status of the host. The aim was to investigate recombinant human interferon alpha-2a (rhIFNα-2a) and vincristine for treatment of CTVT. A total of 21 female dogs were included. In group I (n = 9), vincristine (0.025 mg/kg, IV) was administered weekly...
August 17, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Kaitlin M Curran, Shay Bracha, Carmen P Wong, Laura M Beaver, Jan F Stevens, Emily Ho
The role of epigenetic alterations during cancer has gained increasing attention and has resulted in a paradigm shift in our understanding of mechanisms leading to cancer susceptibility. Sulforaphane (SFN) is a naturally occurring isothiocyanate derived from the precursor glucosinolate, glucoraphanin (GFN), which is found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli. Sulforaphane has been shown to suppress tumour growth by several mechanisms including inhibiting histone deacetylases. The objective of this study was to provide a detailed analysis of sulforaphane absorption following a single oral dose of a broccoli sprout supplement in normal dogs...
August 17, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Lisa Flammini, Leonardo Mantelli, Alessandra Volpe, Giuseppe Domenichini, Rosanna Di Lecce, Maurizio Dondi, Anna Maria Cantoni, Elisabetta Barocelli, Fausto Quintavalla
Rifaximin is an unabsorbed oral antibiotic showing anti-inflammatory properties in human pathologies like irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease. In veterinary medicine, rifaximin is primarily used in the treatment of dermatological diseases in all animal species, in therapy and prophylaxis of mastitis in cows and in the treatment of endometritis in cattle and horses. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of rifaximin on primary cell cultures from bovine endometrium in which inflammatory response was induced by Lipopolysaccaride (LPS) treatment...
July 9, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Ratna B Gurung, Douglas J Begg, Richard J Whittington
Johne's disease is an economically important ruminant disease predominantly affecting cattle, sheep and goats. The economic losses are due to early culling, reduced growth rate, progressive weight loss and reduced production. It is caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Johne's disease was reported in cattle in Bhutan, based on clinical signs and histopathology; in the late 1990s samples from one mithun that was suspected to have died due to this disease was confirmed by molecular testing at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Australia...
July 5, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Thaís G da Silva, Michele S Lima, Massimo Spedicato, Irene Carmine, Liana Teodori, Alessandra Leone, Maira S N Martins, Fernando G Buchala, Klaus S Hellwig, Adriana H de Campos Nogueira Romaldini, Eliana De Stefano, Giovanni Savini, Edviges M Pituco
Bluetongue (BT), caused by Bluetongue virus (BTV), is a disease that affects ruminants such as cattle, sheep, goats and deer. BTV is transmitted by female midges of the genus Culicoides. In Brazil, information on the prevalence of BTV in cattle is limited, so the objective of this work was to identify BTV serotypes in cattle. The State of São Paulo was divided into seven cattle-producing regions, and in each of them, 300 cattle farms were randomly selected. One animal from each farm (out of a total of 1,598 farms) was selected and its sera tested by virus neutralization technique against BTV serotypes (1-24 and 26) for determining antibody titre...
July 2, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Nusirat Elelu
Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) caused by the bacteria Borrelia, is poorly documented in veterinary medicine. Given the widespread presence of the soft tick vectors - Ornithodoros and the recently discovered hard tick vectors, as well as their close association with animal hosts, it is highly likely that infection occurs, but is rarely reported to be of veterinary importance. Sporadic reports of canine infection, some being fatal through to probable cause of abortion in horses have been published. Some of these pathogens exist in regions where there are limited diagnostic facilities, hence, they are likely to be missed and their impact on productivity may be unquantified...
June 26, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
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