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BMJ Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765778/reflections-on-family-medicine-and-primary-healthcare-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
EDITORIAL
Robert Mash, Amanda Howe, Osa Olayemi, Martha Makwero, Sunanda Ray, Meseret Zerihun, Abraham Gyuse, Felicity Goodyear-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765777/patterns-of-authorship-on-community-health-workers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-analysis-of-publications-2012-2016
#2
Helen Schneider, Nelisiwe Maleka
Introduction: Studies of authorship provide a barometer of local research capacity and ownership of research, considered key to defining appropriate research priorities, developing contextualised responses to health problems and ensuring that research informs policy and practice. This paper reports on an analysis of patterns of research authorship of the now substantial literature on community health workers (CHWs) in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) for the 5-year period: 2012-2016...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765776/what-is-the-impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-on-care-seeking-behaviour-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Maha Bouzid, Oliver Cumming, Paul R Hunter
Patient satisfaction with healthcare has clear implications on service use and health outcomes. Barriers to care seeking are complex and multiple and delays in seeking care are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision in healthcare facilities (HCF) and patient satisfaction/care seeking behaviour in low-income and middle-income countries. Pubmed and Medline Ovid were searched using a combination of search terms...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765775/potential-impact-of-introducing-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-into-national-immunisation-programmes-an-economic-epidemiological-analysis-using-data-from-india
#4
Itamar Megiddo, Eili Klein, Ramanan Laxminarayan
Pneumococcal pneumonia causes an estimated 105 000 child deaths in India annually. The planned introduction of the serotype-based pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is expected to avert child deaths, but the high cost of PCV relative to current vaccines provided under the Universal Immunization Programme has been a concern. Cost-effectiveness studies from high-income countries are not readily comparable because of differences in the distribution of prevalent serotypes, population and health systems. We extended IndiaSim, our agent-based simulation model representative of the Indian population and health system, to model the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae ...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755760/impact-of-measles-supplementary-immunisation-activities-on-utilisation-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Iryna Postolovska, Stéphane Helleringer, Margaret E Kruk, Stéphane Verguet
Background: Measles supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) are an integral component of measles elimination in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite their success in increasing vaccination coverage, there are concerns about their negative consequences on routine services. Few studies have conducted quantitative assessments of SIA impact on utilisation of health services. Methods: We analysed the impact of SIAs on utilisation of selected maternal and child health services using Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys from 28 LMICs, where at least one SIA occurred over 2000-2014...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736278/banking-for-health-the-role-of-financial-sector-actors-in-investing-in-global-health
#6
REVIEW
Rüdiger Krech, Ilona Kickbusch, Christian Franz, Nadya Wells
The world faces multiple health financing challenges as the global health burden evolves. Countries have set an ambitious health policy agenda for the next 15 years with prioritisation of universal health coverage under the Sustainable Development Goals. The scale of investment needed for equitable access to health services means global health is one of the key economic opportunities for decades to come. New financing partnerships with the private sector are vital. The aim of this study is to unlock additional financing sources, acknowledging the imperative to link financial returns to the providers of capital, and create profitable, sustainable financing structures...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736277/why-miltefosine-a-life-saving-drug-for-leishmaniasis-is-unavailable-to-people-who-need-it-the-most
#7
REVIEW
Temmy Sunyoto, Julien Potet, Marleen Boelaert
Miltefosine, the only oral drug approved for the treatment of leishmaniasis-a parasitic disease transmitted by sandflies-is considered as a success story of research and development (R&D) by a public-private partnership (PPP). It epitomises the multiple market failures faced by a neglected disease drug: patients with low ability to pay, neglect by authorities and uncertain market size. Originally developed as an anticancer agent in the 1990s, the drug was registered in India in 2002 to treat the fatal visceral leishmaniasis...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736276/pregnant-women-who-requested-a-108-ambulance-in-two-states-of-india
#8
Samiksha Singh, Pat Doyle, Oona Maeve Renee Campbell, Govindaraju Venkata Ramana Rao, Gudlavalleti V S Murthy
We studied the pregnant women, who requested a '108' ambulance in two Indian states (Andhra Pradesh (AP) and Himachal Pradesh (HP)). We conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey to study the characteristics and outcomes of those who (1) were transported using '108' ambulance, (2) were sent '108' ambulance but did not use it and (3) were not assigned a '108' ambulance. We conducted interviews within 24 hours of clients' call and followed them up at 48 hours, on the 7th and 28th day. 90% of pregnant women callers in AP and only 16% in HP were from poorer socioeconomic circumstances...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736275/use-of-verbal-autopsy-and-social-autopsy-in-humanitarian-crises
#9
Lisa-Marie Thomas, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Dina Balabanova
Introduction: Two billion people live in countries affected by conflict, violence and fragility. These are exceptional situations in which mortality shifts dramatically and in which civil registration and vital statistics systems are often weakened or cease to function. Verbal autopsy and social autopsy (VA and SA) are methods used to assign causes of death and understand the contexts in which these occur, in settings where information is otherwise unavailable. This review sought to explore the use of VA and SA in humanitarian crises, with a focus on how these approaches are used to inform policy and programme responses...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736274/burden-of-physical-psychological-and-social-ill-health-during-and-after-pregnancy-among-women-in-india-pakistan-kenya-and-malawi
#10
Mary McCauley, Barbara Madaj, Sarah A White, Fiona Dickinson, Sarah Bar-Zev, Mamuda Aminu, Pamela Godia, Pratima Mittal, Shamsa Zafar, Nynke van den Broek
Introduction: For every woman who dies during pregnancy and childbirth, many more suffer ill-health, the burden of which is highest in low-resource settings. We sought to assess the extent and types of maternal morbidity. Methods: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study at primary-level and secondary-level healthcare facilities in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi to assess physical, psychological and social morbidity during and after pregnancy. Sociodemographic factors, education, socioeconomic status (SES), quality of life, satisfaction with health, reported symptoms, clinical examination and laboratory investigations were assessed...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736273/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-maternal-health-voucher-programme-on-service-use-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-free-maternity-services-in-kenya-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Mardieh L Dennis, Timothy Abuya, Oona Maeve Renee Campbell, Lenka Benova, Angela Baschieri, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows
Introduction: From 2006 to 2016, the Government of Kenya implemented a reproductive health voucher programme in select counties, providing poor women subsidised access to public and private sector care. In June 2013, the government introduced a policy calling for free maternity services to be provided in all public facilities. The concurrent implementation of these interventions presents an opportunity to provide new insights into how users adapt to a changing health financing and service provision landscape...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736272/a-long-way-to-go-a-systematic-review-to-assess-the-utilisation-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-during-humanitarian-crises
#12
Neha S Singh, Sarindi Aryasinghe, James Smith, Rajat Khosla, Lale Say, Karl Blanchet
Introduction: Women and girls are affected significantly in both sudden and slow-onset emergencies, and face multiple sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges in humanitarian crises contexts. There are an estimated 26 million women and girls of reproductive age living in humanitarian crises settings, all of whom need access to SRH information and services. This systematic review aimed to assess the utilisation of services of SRH interventions from the onset of emergencies in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736271/verbal-autopsy-in-health-policy-and-systems-a-literature-review
#13
Lisa-Marie Thomas, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Dina Balabanova
Introduction: Estimates suggest that one in two deaths go unrecorded globally every year in terms of medical causes, with the majority occurring in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). This can be related to low investment in civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a method that enables identification of cause of death where no other routine systems are in place and where many people die at home. Considering the utility of VA as a pragmatic, interim solution to the lack of functional CRVS, this review aimed to examine the use of VA to inform health policy and systems improvements...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732174/-global-health-meaning-what
#14
EDITORIAL
Sebastian Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713513/digital-health-in-south-africa-innovating-to-improve-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Yogan Pillay, Pakishe Aaron Motsoaledi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713512/digital-health-vision-could-momconnect-provide-a-pragmatic-starting-point-for-achieving-universal-health-coverage-in-south-africa-and-elsewhere
#16
Garrett Livingston Mehl, Tigest Tamrat, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Sean Blaschke, Alain Labrique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713511/taking-digital-health-innovation-to-scale-in-south-africa-ten-lessons-from-momconnect
#17
EDITORIAL
Joanne Peter, Peter Benjamin, Amnesty Elizabeth LeFevre, Peter Barron, Yogan Pillay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713510/unpacking-the-performance-of-a-mobile-health-information-messaging-program-for-mothers-momconnect-in-south-africa-evidence-on-program-reach-and-messaging-exposure
#18
REVIEW
Amnesty E LeFevre, Pierre Dane, Charles J Copley, Cara Pienaar, Annie Neo Parsons, Matt Engelhard, David Woods, Marcha Bekker, Peter Benjamin, Yogan Pillay, Peter Barron, Christopher John Seebregts, Diwakar Mohan
Despite calls to address broader evidence gaps in linking digital technologies to outcome and impact level health indicators, limited attention has been paid to measuring processes pertaining to the performance of programs. In this paper, we assess the program reach and message exposure of a mobile health information messaging program for mothers (MomConnect) in South Africa. In this descriptive study, we draw from system generated data to measure exposure to the program through registration attempts and conversions, message delivery, opt-outs and drop-outs...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713509/the-momconnect-helpdesk-how-an-interactive-mobile-messaging-programme-is-used-by-mothers-in-south-africa
#19
REVIEW
Khou Xiong, Joy Kamunyori, Jane Sebidi
South Africa's MomConnect mobile messaging programme, which aims to promote safe motherhood and improve pregnancy outcomes for South African women, includes a helpdesk feature which allows women registered on the system to ask maternal and child health (MCH)-related questions and to provide feedback on health services received at public health clinics. Messages sent to the helpdesk are answered by staff located at the National Department of Health. We examined event data from the MomConnect helpdesk database to identify any patterns in messages received, such as correlation of frequency or types of messages with location...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713508/optimising-mhealth-helpdesk-responsiveness-in-south-africa-towards-automated-message-triage
#20
REVIEW
Matthew Engelhard, Charles Copley, Jacqui Watson, Yogan Pillay, Peter Barron, Amnesty Elizabeth LeFevre
In South Africa, a national-level helpdesk was established in August 2014 as a social accountability mechanism for improving governance, allowing recipients of public sector services to send complaints, compliments and questions directly to a team of National Department of Health (NDoH) staff members via text message. As demand increases, mechanisms to streamline and improve the helpdesk must be explored. This work aims to evaluate the need for and feasibility of automated message triage to improve helpdesk responsiveness to high-priority messages...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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