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BMJ Global Health

Shabir Moosa, Wim Peersman, Anselme Derese, Michael Kidd, Luisa M Pettigrew, Amanda Howe, Viviana Martinez-Bianchi, Jan De Maeseneer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
Dylan Paul Griswold, Mwai H Makoka, S William A Gunn, Walter D Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
António Carvalho, Carel IJsselmuiden, Kirsty Kaiser, Zulmira Hartz, Paulo Ferrinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
Sanni Yaya, Setou Diarra, Marie Christelle Mabeu, Roland Pongou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
Shannon A McMahon, Peter J Winch
Conversations regarding qualitative research and qualitative data analysis in global public health programming often emphasize the product of data collection (audio recordings, transcripts, codebooks and codes), while paying relatively less attention to the process of data collection. In qualitative research, however, the data collector's skills determine the quality of the data, so understanding data collectors' strengths and weaknesses as data are being collected allows researchers to enhance both the ability of data collectors and the utility of the data...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Unni Gopinathan, Steven J Hoffman
This study explored experiences, perceptions and views among World Health Organization (WHO) staff about the changes, progress and challenges brought by the guideline development reforms initiated in 2007. Thirty-five semistructured interviews were conducted with senior WHO staff. Sixteen of the interviewees had in-depth experience with WHO's formal guideline development process. Thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes in the qualitative data, and these were interpreted in the context of the existing literature on WHO's guideline development processes...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Jenny A Cresswell, Onikepe O Owolabi, Nachela Chelwa, Mardieh L Dennis, Sabine Gabrysch, Bellington Vwalika, Mike Mbizvo, Veronique Filippi, Oona M R Campbell
Introduction: Zambia is one of the few countries in Africa to permit termination of pregnancy (TOP) on a wide range of grounds. However, substantial barriers remain to TOP and postabortion care (PAC). Methods: We conducted a census of 153 facilities between March and May 2016. We defined facilities according to whether they met basic and/or comprehensive signal functions criteria for TOP and PAC. We linked our facility data to census data to estimate geographic accessibility under different policy scenarios...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Rosalind M Owen, Beth Capper, Christopher Lavy
Introduction: Clubfoot affects around 174 000 children born annually, with approximately 90% of these in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC). Untreated clubfoot causes life-long impairment, affecting individuals' ability to walk and participate in society. The minimally invasive Ponseti treatment is highly effective and has grown in acceptance globally. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to quantify the numbers of countries providing services for clubfoot and children accessing these...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Borame Lee Dickens, Haoyang Sun, Mark Jit, Alex R Cook, Luis Roman Carrasco
Background: Responsible for considerable global human morbidity and mortality, Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are the primary vectors of several important human diseases, including dengue and yellow fever. Although numerous variables that affect mosquito survival and reproduction have been recorded at the local and regional scales, many remain untested at the global level, potentially confounding mapping efforts to date. Methods: We develop a modelling ensemble of boosted regression trees and maximum entropy models using sets of variables previously untested at the global level to examine their performance in predicting the global distribution of these two vectors...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Brian Wahl, Aline Cossy-Gantner, Stefan Germann, Nina R Schwalbe
The field of artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved considerably in the last 60 years. While there are now many AI applications that have been deployed in high-income country contexts, use in resource-poor settings remains relatively nascent. With a few notable exceptions, there are limited examples of AI being used in such settings. However, there are signs that this is changing. Several high-profile meetings have been convened in recent years to discuss the development and deployment of AI applications to reduce poverty and deliver a broad range of critical public services...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Akira Shibanuma, Francis Yeji, Sumiyo Okawa, Emmanuel Mahama, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Clement Narh, Yeetey Enuameh, Keiko Nanishi, Abraham Oduro, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Margaret Gyapong, Gloria Quansah Asare, Junko Yasuoka, Evelyn Korkor Ansah, Abraham Hodgson, Masamine Jimba
Introduction: The continuum of care has recently received attention in maternal, newborn and child health. It can be an effective policy framework to ensure that every woman and child receives timely and appropriate services throughout the continuum. However, a commonly used measurement does not evaluate if a pair of woman and child complies with the continuum of care. This study assessed the continuum of care based on two measurements: continuous visits to health facilities (measurement 1) and receiving key components of services (measurement 2)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Serena Vickers, Matthew Bernier, Stephen Zambrzycki, Facundo M Fernandez, Paul N Newton, Céline Caillet
Background: Poor quality medicines have devastating consequences. A plethora of innovative portable devices to screen for poor quality medicines has become available, leading to hope that they could empower medicine inspectors and enhance surveillance. However, information comparing these new technologies is woefully scarce. Methods: We undertook a systematic review of Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and SciFinder databases up to 30 April 2018. Scientific studies evaluating the performances/abilities of portable devices to assess any aspect of the quality of pharmaceutical products were included...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Yap Boum Ii, Bridget F Burns, Mark Siedner, Yvonne Mburu, Elizabeth Bukusi, Jessica E Haberer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
Rebecca Katz, Ellie Graeden, Stephanie Eaneff, Justin Kerr
Member States of the WHO working to build capacity under the International Health Regulations (IHR) are advised to develop prioritised, costed plans to implement improvements based on the results of voluntary external assessments. Defining the costs associated with capacity building under the IHR, however, has challenged nations, funders and supporting organisations. Most current efforts to develop costed national action plans involve long-term engagements that may take weeks or months to complete. While these efforts have value in and of themselves, there is an urgent need for a rapid-use tool to provide cost estimates regardless of the level of expertise of the personnel assigned to the task...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Jannah Margaret Wigle, Nadia Akseer, Sarah Carbone, Raluca Barac, Melanie Barwick, Stanley Zlotkin
Research to date on global health collaborations has typically focused on documenting improvements in the health outcomes of low/middle-income countries. Recent discourse has characterised these collaborations with the notion of 'reciprocal value', namely, that the benefits go beyond strengthening local health systems and that both partners have something to learn and gain from the relationship. We explored a method for assessing this reciprocal value by developing a robust framework for measuring changes in individual competencies resulting from participation in global health work...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Sabrina Juran, P Niclas Broer, Stefanie J Klug, Rachel C Snow, Emelda A Okiro, Paul O Ouma, Robert W Snow, Andrew J Tatem, John G Meara, Victor A Alegana
Introduction: Despite an estimated one-third of the global burden of disease being surgical, only limited estimates of accessibility to surgical treatment in sub-Saharan Africa exist and these remain spatially undefined. Geographical metrics of access to major hospitals were estimated based on travel time. Estimates were then used to assess need for surgery at country level. Methods: Major district and regional hospitals were assumed to have capability to perform bellwether procedures...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Ian Yat Hin Wong, Michael Yuxuan Ni, Irene Oi Ling Wong, Nellie Fong, Gabriel M Leung
Cataract and diabetic retinopathy are leading causes of blindness globally. Lifeline Express (LEX) has pioneered the provision of cataract surgery in rural China from custom-built trains and eye centres nationwide. Over the past two decades, LEX has provided free cataract surgery for over 180 000 patients in China. In China, half of the adult population has prediabetes and 113 million adults have diabetes. Recognising the rising threat of diabetic retinopathy, LEX has expanded to providing free diabetic retinopathy screening nationwide by establishing 29 Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Centres across China...
2018: BMJ Global Health
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000828.].
2018: BMJ Global Health
Adriana Velazquez Berumen, Sarah Garner, Suzanne Rose Hill, Soumya Swaminathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
Janice E Graham, Shelley Lees, Frederic Le Marcis, Sylvain Landry Faye, Robert R Lorway, Maya Ronse, Sharon Abramowitz, Koen Peeters Grietens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Global Health
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