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Global Pediatric Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620629/pediatric-hypertension-provider-perspectives
#1
Jennifer K Bello, Nivedita Mohanty, Victoria Bauer, Sarah S Rittner, Goutham Rao
Pediatric hypertension is a risk for adult cardiovascular disease, making early detection important. The prevalence of pediatric essential hypertension is rising due to the increased prevalence of obesity. Though guidelines for screening, diagnosis, evaluation, and management are available, there are barriers to accurate diagnosis of pediatric hypertension, including lack of knowledge and complexity of blood pressure standards. We aimed to gain insights into reasons for low rates of diagnosis and treatment from primary care providers...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620628/reduction-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-elementary-school-students-using-an-educational-curriculum-of-beverage-sugar-content
#2
Jason Rauba, Ammar Tahir, Brett Milford, Ashley Toll, Valerie Benedict, Chi Wang, Lynn Chehab, Timothy Sanborn
Introduction: Given the known association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake and poorer health, we instituted an educational curriculum to reduce student consumption of SSBs. Methods: The program included third- to fifth-grade students. A simple demonstration using teaspoons of sugar or small candies showed students the quantity of added sugar in common beverages. This amount of sugar was compared to the daily limit recommended by the American Heart Association. Key principles were reinforced over a 4-month period...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607945/why-are-we-cutting-a-survey-of-cultural-views-on-circumcision-in-the-texas-panhandle
#3
Jerrod Spense, Janet Meller, James Abbey, Kayla Foster, Cynthia Sirri, Mubariz Naqvi
To determine the factors that may contribute to parents' decision to circumcise their son in the Texas Panhandle region, voluntary surveys were distributed to all mothers with term male newborns during the mandatory discharge planning class. The father being circumcised (P < .0001), Caucasian (P < .05), and some graduate school of the caregiver (P < .011) were factors most correlated with newborns being circumcised. Newborns of Hispanic origin, those having Medicaid insurance, and a Catholic affiliation were less likely to be circumcised...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607944/vitamin-d-deficient-rickets-in-japan
#4
Mitsuko Itoh, Jun Tomio, Satoshi Toyokawa, Mayuko Tamura, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Sachiko Kitanaka, Yasuki Kobayashi
Objectives: Our study aimed to clarify the trend of vitamin D deficiency and rickets diagnosed in the past 10 years. Methods: This observational study used health insurance claims data from 2005 to 2014. The number of beneficiaries for 2005 and 2014 were 91 617 and 365 800, respectively. We included children aged 0 to 15 years diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency or vitamin D-deficient rickets; those with congenital/secondary rickets and low-birth-weight infants were excluded. We analyzed the number of patients and the temporal trend of these diseases in Japan...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607943/poor-adherence-with-medication-refill-and-medical-supplies-maintenance-as-risk-factors-for-inpatient-asthma-admission-in-children
#5
Pavadee Poowuttikul, Benjamin Hart, Ronald Thomas, Elizabeth Secord
Background. Asthma results in significant pediatric hospitalizations in the inner city. Many asthmatic children were admitted to our hospital as a result of lack of medications or medical supplies that had been previously prescribed ("ran out," "broken," or "lost"). Objective. To identify the incidence of children admitted for asthma because of lack of prescribed medications/supplies and to assess risk factors for poor adherence between groups. Methods. This was a prospective chart review of 200 asthmatic children admitted to Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540346/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-reduces-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#6
Christine S M Lau, Ronald S Chamberlain, Shyan Sun
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome due to surfactant deficiency is associated with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants, and the use of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been increasingly studied. This meta-analysis found that LISA via thin catheter significantly reduced the need for mechanical ventilation within the first 72 hours (relative risk [RR] = 0.677; P = .021), duration of mechanical ventilation (difference in means [MD] = -39.302 hours; P < .001), duration of supplemental oxygen (MD = -68...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540345/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intake-of-dairy-products-in-adolescent-males-and-females-with-different-levels-of-habitual-intake
#7
Megan Racey, Jeanette Bransfield, Kathryn Capello, David Field, Verena Kulak, David Machmueller, Michèle Preyde, Genevieve Newton
Background: Dairy products and alternatives can contribute to overall good health including positive body composition and decreased adiposity; however, these foods are grossly underconsumed by youth, and worldwide, almost 25% of children are overweight or obese. Objective: The study investigated the barriers and facilitators toward dairy consumption by Grade 7 youth. Methods: Thirty 50-minute, audio-recorded focus groups were conducted with 134 students in eight Grade 7 classes across 5 elementary schools. Focus groups were led by trained facilitators in the elementary schools and participants were separated based on dairy consumption and gender...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516132/life-threatening-hypercalcemia-during-prodrome-of-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-an-immunocompetent-infant
#8
Judith Sebestyen VanSickle, Tarak Srivastava, Uri S Alon
Severe hypercalcemia in infants is usually attributed to genetic etiologies and less commonly to acquired ones. An 8-week-old girl presented with failure to thrive, mild respiratory distress, and life-threatening hypercalcemia (23.5 mg/dL). Serum 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D (1,25(OH)2-D) level was elevated and parathyroid hormone undetectable. Evaluation for genetic mutations and malignant etiologies of hypercalcemia was negative. Treatment with intravenous hydration, loop diuretic, and calcitonin failed to correct the hypercalcemia, which was subsequently controlled with bisphosphonate therapy...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491930/hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-eosinophilic-gastritis
#9
Vignesh Hebri Nayak, Nesrin Yurttutan Engin, James Joseph Burns, Priyanka Ameta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491929/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunct-to-treat-anticholinergic-toxidrome-in-children
#10
Krista Cowan, Rebecca A Landman, Arun Saini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491928/pyogenic-granuloma-in-an-unusual-site
#11
Dinesh Gowda, Cade Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491927/iron-supplements-for-infants-at-risk-for-iron-deficiency
#12
Brianna C MacQueen, Vickie L Baer, Danielle M Scott, Con Yee Ling, Elizabeth A O'Brien, Caitlin Boyer, Erick Henry, Robert E Fleming, Robert D Christensen
Professional societies have published recommendations for iron dosing of preterm neonates, but differences exist between guidelines. To help develop standardized guidelines, we performed a 10-year analysis of iron dosing in groups at risk for iron deficiency: IDM (infants of diabetic mothers), SGA (small for gestational age), and VLBW premature neonates (very low birth weight, <1500 g). We analyzed iron dosing after red cell transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). Of IDM, 11.8% received iron in the hospital; 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491926/a-novel-intragenic-slc16a1-mutation-associated-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism
#13
Mustafa Tosur, George S Jeha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491925/no-camphor-toxicity-in-cambodian-infants
#14
Casey R Johnson, Samuel G Porter, Debra Coats, Kyly C Whitfield, Khin Mengkheang, Mark D Topazian, Philip R Fischer
Thiamine deficiency and beriberi are prevalent in Cambodia, although most infants with nonspecific clinical symptoms of beriberi, including tachypnea, lack echocardiographic evidence diagnostic of the disease. Camphor activates transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), a nonselective ion channel expressed in the medial preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus and thought to be important for thermo-sensitivity. Because camphorated ointments are used commonly among Cambodian infants, we hypothesized that topical camphor modulates thermoregulatory behaviors, causing beriberi-simulating tachypnea, separate from any influence of thiamine deficiency...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491924/the-nutrient-density-of-snacks-a-comparison-of-nutrient-profiles-of-popular-snack-foods-using-the-nutrient-rich-foods-index
#15
Julie Hess, Goutham Rao, Joanne Slavin
Background: Although Americans receive almost a quarter of their daily energy from snacks, snacking remains a poorly defined and understood eating occasion. However, there is little dietary guidance about choosing snacks. Families, clinicians, and researchers need a comprehensive approach to assessing their nutritional value. Objective: To quantify and compare the nutrient density of commonly consumed snacks by their overall nutrient profiles using the Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF) Index 10.3. Methods: NRF Index scores were calculated for the top 3 selling products (based on 2014 market research data) in different snack categories...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491923/risk-factors-for-death-in-bangladeshi-children-under-5-years-of-age-hospitalized-for-diarrhea-and-severe-respiratory-distress-in-an-urban-critical-care-ward
#16
Tahmina Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Monira Sarmin, Lubaba Shahrin, Farzana Afroze, Sharifuzzaman, Shamima Akhter, K M Shahunja, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayeem Bin Shahid, Pradip Kumar Bardhan, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Children with diarrhea hospitalized for respiratory distress often have fatal outcome in resource-limited settings, although data are lacking on risk factors for death in such children. We sought to evaluate clinical predictors for death in such children. In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled under-5 children with diarrhea admitted with severe respiratory distress to the intensive care unit of Dhaka Hospital of International Centre for Diarhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, from September 2014 through September 2015...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491922/epidemiology-of-invasive-fungal-infections-at-two-tertiary-care-neonatal-intensive-care-units-over-a-12-year-period-2000-2011
#17
Roshani R Agarwal, Rajkumar L Agarwal, Xinguang Chen, Jorge L Lua, Jocelyn Y Ang
We conducted a retrospective review of 168 patients with invasive fungal infections from January 2000 to December 2011 in 2 neonatal intensive care units. Patients with Candida bloodstream infection (BSI, n = 152) were further analyzed. C albicans was the most common species overall (47%); however, there was an increase in non-albicans sp from 2006 to 2011. Candida BSI clearance rates were lower in extremely low birth weight infants (77% vs 93%, P = .01) and in patients with C albicans infections (77% vs 91%, P = ...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491921/a-rare-presentation-of-encephalopathy-in-a-3-year-old-child
#18
Esther Kisseih, Divya Mamilla, Ahmad Kaddurah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491920/association-of-lead-levels-and-cerebral-palsy
#19
Neha Bansal, Anju Aggarwal, M M A Faridi, Tusha Sharma, B D Baneerjee
Background: Cerebral palsy is a common motor disability in childhood. Raised lead levels affect cognition. Children with cerebral palsy may have raised lead levels, further impairing their residual cognitive motor and behavioral abilities. Environmental exposure and abnormal eating habits may lead to increased lead levels. Aims and Objectives: To measure blood lead levels in children with cerebral palsy and compare them with healthy neurologically normal children. To correlate blood lead levels with environmental factors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491919/anterior-superior-iliac-spine-to-the-tibial-tuberosity-length-an-easier-accurate-and-faster-method-for-predicting-orogastric-tube-length-in-neonates-an-observational-study
#20
Samarendra Mahapatro, Satish Mohanty, Sandeep Kumar Panigrahi, Rajib Kumar Ray, Shruti Saraswat
Orogastric tube (OGT) procedures are done in 20% of newborn unit cases. This study was contemplated to work out a formula to predict OGT length in terms of femur length in neonates and its agreement to existing standards. In this observational study, OGT length was estimated using NEMU (nose-ear-mid umbilicus) in 53 consecutive newborns. Their anterior superior iliac spine to tibial tuberosity length (AS-TT) was measured and equated using linear regression analysis in Stata. We further verified the accuracy of the new formula and comparison of time taken by both the methods...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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