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Global Pediatric Health

Kevin M Kelly, Edward F Joganic, Stephen P Beals, Jeff A Riggs, Mary Kay McGuire, Timothy R Littlefield
Deformation of the cranium in infancy represents a spectrum of deformity, ranging from severe asymmetric yet proportional distortion of the skull in plagiocephaly, to nearly symmetric yet disproportional distortion in brachycephaly. As such, the condition is best described as deformational plagiocephaly-brachycephaly with isolated plagiocephaly and/or isolated brachycephaly being at either ends of the spectrum. Due to its symmetric appearance, deformational brachycephaly is often incorrectly dismissed as being less concerning, and it has sometimes erroneously been reported that brachycephaly cannot be treated successfully with a cranial orthosis...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Jeannette Lay Kuan Goh, Chia Yin Chong, Samuel Zhi Rui Lim, Kevin Boon Leong Lim, Natalie Woon Hui Tan
In this article, we report a case of tuberculosis spondylodiscitis in a 2-year-old child. Imaging of her spine showed a paraspinal abscess. The diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis remains difficult, and we discuss its salient features and current management within the pediatric population.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Myo-Sabai Aye, Maheshwar Mahaseth, Arlene Rozzelle, Indira Bhagat, Prashant Agarwal
Newborn skin nodules are usually benign and self-resolving skin condition. Differential diagnosis of such lesions include cysts, hemangioma, abscess, cellulitis, sclerema neonatorum, subcutaneous fat necrosis, neurofibromatosis, benign tumors, or malignant tumors such as rhabdomyosarcoma, infantile fibrosarcoma, or neuroblastoma. We report a case of congenital subcutaneous fat necrosis in a 7-day-old baby presenting with multiple erythematous mass on back.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333794X17744947.].
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Mark A D'Andrea, G Kesava Reddy
Currently, there is a paucity of studies evaluating the adverse health effects of benzene exposure in children or clinical findings of those children who have been exposed. However, emerging studies show that benzene exposure can cause deleterious health effects in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate and summarize published studies on the adverse health effects of benzene exposure in children. More than 77 articles were examined and only the articles that dealt with adverse health effects on pediatric populations were included in the study...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Ndubuisi Kennedy Chukwudi, Huldah Ijeoma Nwokeukwu, Gilbert Nwadiakanma Adimorah
Background . This prospective study was conducted to identify a suitable alternative to birth weight and establish its cutoff point to facilitate the identification of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria. Methods . The study involved newborn babies within the first 48 hours of life. Five anthropometric measurements (head, chest, mid-arm and calf circumferences, as well as abdominal girth) were taken using a tape measure while supine length was measured with an aluminum infantometer. Birth weight was also recorded...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Bill Zhou, Catherine Yim, Soni Chawla
Background . Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a diagnosis of exclusion in the clinical scenario of increased intracranial pressure without an identifiable cause. This case report provides a brief review of current literature on IIH, important differential considerations to rule out prior to diagnosis, and relevant imaging findings of IIH. Case Presentation . An 18-year-old male presenting with headache and blurry vision was found to have signs of increased intracranial pressure on imaging without other abnormalities to explain the cause, suggesting IIH as a diagnosis...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Kenji Maeda, George Moll
Objectives . Document American football, National Football League (NFL), Lean State (LS) or Heavy State (FS) Public High School (PHS), sets similar player position mean body mass indexes (BMI). Review health risks related to BMI. Methods . Public accessible 2014-2015 football rosters were used to calculate individual player's BMI for four PHS teams about each LS and FS Capital City and 32 NFL teams. Mean BMI were compared for male player positions: quarterback (Q), backfield (B), and line (L) players. Results ...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Dlshad A Hassan, Shwan K Rachid, John Ziebuhr
Viral respiratory infections are among the most common causes of disease in humans, particularly in young children, and remain a major public health problem worldwide. For many geographic regions, there is limited epidemiological information on the main causative agents of these diseases. In this article, we investigated, in a prospective study, the viral agents leading to acute respiratory disease in children younger than 15 years of age who were admitted to the pediatric emergency unit of a major teaching hospital in Erbil City, capital of the Kurdistan region, Iraq...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Eliza Szuch, Jeanna Auriemma
Acute onset of encephalopathy is often due to infections or intoxications, but a high index of suspicion should exist for metabolic or autoimmune causes particularly in recurrent cases. A 6-year-old previously healthy Caucasian male presented with confusion and somnolence. He had several days of fever, myalgia, headaches, and rhinorrhea and was influenza-A positive. He was noted to have new urinary incontinence, inability to follow commands, and was responsive only to noxious stimuli. His neurological examination revealed bilateral ankle clonus...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Ramya Deepthi Billa, Eric McGrath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Paola Musso, Federica Vinci, Cristina Meazza, Alessandra Viglio, Mauro Bozzola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Rebecca R Ortiz, Autumn Shafer, Joan Cates, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
This study describes the formative research, execution, and evaluation of a social media health intervention to improve adolescents' knowledge about and vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV). Based on the results from formative focus groups with adolescents (N = 38) to determine intervention feasibility, parameters, and message preferences, we developed and conducted a pretest/posttest evaluation of a 3-month social media health intervention for adolescents who had not completed the HPV vaccine series (N = 108)...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Danielle Duhame, Melissa Stone, Lisa Underland, Leslie Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Emily K Nease, Janani Narumanchi, Olivia E Nield, Linda S Nield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Sarah Stevens, Tyler Flaugher, Kaitlynn Hughes, Carson Terwilliger, Jessica Copley, Shekher Mohan
Objective . To assess gender differences in infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome at the Cabell Huntington Hospital in Huntington, West Virginia. Methods . This is a single-site retrospective chart review involving 97 infants born treated for neonatal abstinence syndrome at the Cabell Huntington Hospital between April and December 2015. Data were obtained from electronic medical records using a secure online survey tool designed using Qualtrics. Maternal demographics and drug screenings were collected...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Lianna J Marks, Deogratias Munube, Philip Kasirye, Ezekiel Mupere, Zhezhen Jin, Philip LaRussa, Richard Idro, Nancy S Green
Objectives . The prevalence of stroke among children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in sub-Saharan Africa was systematically reviewed. Methods . Comprehensive searches of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were performed for articles published between 1980 and 2016 (English or French) reporting stroke prevalence. Using preselected inclusion criteria, titles and abstracts were screened and full-text articles were reviewed. Results . Ten full-text articles met selection criteria. Cross-sectional clinic-based data reported 2...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Mark R Zonfrillo, James G Linakis, Eunice S Yang, Michael J Mello
Objective . Injury is the leading cause of death and long-term disability in children. Longitudinal cohorts are designed to follow subjects longitudinally in order to determine if early-life exposures are related to certain health outcomes. Methods . We conducted a systematic review to identify studies of children from birth through 5 years who were followed longitudinally with unintentional injury as an outcome of interest. Results . Of the 1892 unique references based on the search criteria, 12 (published between 2000 and 2013) were included...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Anne Schendel, Jillian Mai, Rachel Espinosa, Carlye T Tomcyzk, Theresa A Laguna
This case report describes an adolescent with pancreatic insufficient cystic fibrosis, malnutrition, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes found to have a loss in height at a routine outpatient clinic visit. He was subsequently admitted to the hospital for treatment of a pulmonary exacerbation and was found to have multiple, nontraumatic vertebral compression fractures. This report emphasizes the importance of routine review of growth charts and aggressive treatment of vitamin deficiencies and malnutrition in people with cystic fibrosis...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Francis M Banda, Kathleen M Powis, Agnes B Mokoka, Moalosi Mmapetla, Katherine D Westmoreland, Thuso David, Andrew P Steenhoff
Objective . To describe and quantify hearing impairment among children referred to the audiology clinic in Princess Marina Hospital, a public referral hospital in Botswana. Methods . In a retrospective case series, we reviewed medical records of children aged 10 years and younger whose hearing was assessed between January 2006 and December 2015 at the audiology clinic of Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Results . Of 622 children, 50% were male, and median age was 6.7 years (interquartile range = 5...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
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