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Global Pediatric Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516132/life-threatening-hypercalcemia-during-prodrome-of-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-an-immunocompetent-infant
#1
Judith Sebestyen VanSickle, Tarak Srivastava, Uri S Alon
Severe hypercalcemia in infants is usually attributed to genetic etiologies and less commonly to acquired ones. An 8-week-old girl presented with failure to thrive, mild respiratory distress, and life-threatening hypercalcemia (23.5 mg/dL). Serum 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D (1,25(OH)2-D) level was elevated and parathyroid hormone undetectable. Evaluation for genetic mutations and malignant etiologies of hypercalcemia was negative. Treatment with intravenous hydration, loop diuretic, and calcitonin failed to correct the hypercalcemia, which was subsequently controlled with bisphosphonate therapy...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491930/hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-eosinophilic-gastritis
#2
Vignesh Hebri Nayak, Nesrin Yurttutan Engin, James Joseph Burns, Priyanka Ameta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491929/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunct-to-treat-anticholinergic-toxidrome-in-children
#3
Krista Cowan, Rebecca A Landman, Arun Saini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491928/pyogenic-granuloma-in-an-unusual-site
#4
Dinesh Gowda, Cade Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491927/iron-supplements-for-infants-at-risk-for-iron-deficiency
#5
Brianna C MacQueen, Vickie L Baer, Danielle M Scott, Con Yee Ling, Elizabeth A O'Brien, Caitlin Boyer, Erick Henry, Robert E Fleming, Robert D Christensen
Professional societies have published recommendations for iron dosing of preterm neonates, but differences exist between guidelines. To help develop standardized guidelines, we performed a 10-year analysis of iron dosing in groups at risk for iron deficiency: IDM (infants of diabetic mothers), SGA (small for gestational age), and VLBW premature neonates (very low birth weight, <1500 g). We analyzed iron dosing after red cell transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). Of IDM, 11.8% received iron in the hospital; 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491926/a-novel-intragenic-slc16a1-mutation-associated-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism
#6
Mustafa Tosur, George S Jeha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491925/no-camphor-toxicity-in-cambodian-infants
#7
Casey R Johnson, Samuel G Porter, Debra Coats, Kyly C Whitfield, Khin Mengkheang, Mark D Topazian, Philip R Fischer
Thiamine deficiency and beriberi are prevalent in Cambodia, although most infants with nonspecific clinical symptoms of beriberi, including tachypnea, lack echocardiographic evidence diagnostic of the disease. Camphor activates transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), a nonselective ion channel expressed in the medial preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus and thought to be important for thermo-sensitivity. Because camphorated ointments are used commonly among Cambodian infants, we hypothesized that topical camphor modulates thermoregulatory behaviors, causing beriberi-simulating tachypnea, separate from any influence of thiamine deficiency...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491924/the-nutrient-density-of-snacks-a-comparison-of-nutrient-profiles-of-popular-snack-foods-using-the-nutrient-rich-foods-index
#8
Julie Hess, Goutham Rao, Joanne Slavin
Background: Although Americans receive almost a quarter of their daily energy from snacks, snacking remains a poorly defined and understood eating occasion. However, there is little dietary guidance about choosing snacks. Families, clinicians, and researchers need a comprehensive approach to assessing their nutritional value. Objective: To quantify and compare the nutrient density of commonly consumed snacks by their overall nutrient profiles using the Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF) Index 10.3. Methods: NRF Index scores were calculated for the top 3 selling products (based on 2014 market research data) in different snack categories...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491923/risk-factors-for-death-in-bangladeshi-children-under-5-years-of-age-hospitalized-for-diarrhea-and-severe-respiratory-distress-in-an-urban-critical-care-ward
#9
Tahmina Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Monira Sarmin, Lubaba Shahrin, Farzana Afroze, Sharifuzzaman, Shamima Akhter, K M Shahunja, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayeem Bin Shahid, Pradip Kumar Bardhan, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Children with diarrhea hospitalized for respiratory distress often have fatal outcome in resource-limited settings, although data are lacking on risk factors for death in such children. We sought to evaluate clinical predictors for death in such children. In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled under-5 children with diarrhea admitted with severe respiratory distress to the intensive care unit of Dhaka Hospital of International Centre for Diarhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, from September 2014 through September 2015...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491922/epidemiology-of-invasive-fungal-infections-at-two-tertiary-care-neonatal-intensive-care-units-over-a-12-year-period-2000-2011
#10
Roshani R Agarwal, Rajkumar L Agarwal, Xinguang Chen, Jorge L Lua, Jocelyn Y Ang
We conducted a retrospective review of 168 patients with invasive fungal infections from January 2000 to December 2011 in 2 neonatal intensive care units. Patients with Candida bloodstream infection (BSI, n = 152) were further analyzed. C albicans was the most common species overall (47%); however, there was an increase in non-albicans sp from 2006 to 2011. Candida BSI clearance rates were lower in extremely low birth weight infants (77% vs 93%, P = .01) and in patients with C albicans infections (77% vs 91%, P = ...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491921/a-rare-presentation-of-encephalopathy-in-a-3-year-old-child
#11
Esther Kisseih, Divya Mamilla, Ahmad Kaddurah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491920/association-of-lead-levels-and-cerebral-palsy
#12
Neha Bansal, Anju Aggarwal, M M A Faridi, Tusha Sharma, B D Baneerjee
Background: Cerebral palsy is a common motor disability in childhood. Raised lead levels affect cognition. Children with cerebral palsy may have raised lead levels, further impairing their residual cognitive motor and behavioral abilities. Environmental exposure and abnormal eating habits may lead to increased lead levels. Aims and Objectives: To measure blood lead levels in children with cerebral palsy and compare them with healthy neurologically normal children. To correlate blood lead levels with environmental factors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491919/anterior-superior-iliac-spine-to-the-tibial-tuberosity-length-an-easier-accurate-and-faster-method-for-predicting-orogastric-tube-length-in-neonates-an-observational-study
#13
Samarendra Mahapatro, Satish Mohanty, Sandeep Kumar Panigrahi, Rajib Kumar Ray, Shruti Saraswat
Orogastric tube (OGT) procedures are done in 20% of newborn unit cases. This study was contemplated to work out a formula to predict OGT length in terms of femur length in neonates and its agreement to existing standards. In this observational study, OGT length was estimated using NEMU (nose-ear-mid umbilicus) in 53 consecutive newborns. Their anterior superior iliac spine to tibial tuberosity length (AS-TT) was measured and equated using linear regression analysis in Stata. We further verified the accuracy of the new formula and comparison of time taken by both the methods...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345013/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-assess-tolerance-and-efficacy-of-navy-bean-and-rice-bran-supplementation-for-lowering-cholesterol-in-children
#14
Erica C Borresen, NaNet Jenkins-Puccetti, Katie Schmitz, Dustin G Brown, Austin Pollack, Amanda Fairbanks, Melissa Wdowik, Sangeeta Rao, Tracy L Nelson, Gary Luckasen, Elizabeth P Ryan
Background: Navy beans and rice bran demonstrate efficacy to regulate serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic adults; however, the cardiovascular disease (CVD) protective properties of these foods in children are unknown and merit investigation. Objective: The objectives were to determine whether cooked navy bean powder (NBP) and/or heat-stabilized rice bran (RB) supplementation is tolerable, improves dietary fiber intake in children, and modulates lipid profiles. Methods: Children aged 8 to 13 years at risk for CVD due to abnormal lipids were recruited...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321438/a-case-of-hemophilia-a-presenting-in-a-neonate-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Esther Kisseih, Neeraja Yerrapotu, Deepak Yadav, Melissa February
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321437/middle-eastern-adolescent-with-macrocytic-anemia
#16
Sneha Butala, Brian Berman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321436/pneumococcal-antibody-titers-a-comparison-of-patients-receiving-intravenous-immunoglobulin-versus-subcutaneous-immunoglobulin
#17
Pamella F Abghari, Pavadee Poowuttikul, Elizabeth Secord
Purpose: Immunoglobulin replacement is the mainstay treatment in patients with humoral immunodeficiencies, yet a handful of patients continue to develop sinopulmonary infections while on therapy. The objective of our study was to compare immunoglobulin G (IgG) pneumococcal antibody levels in patients with humoral immune deficiencies who have been on intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) replacement for at least 1 year to those on subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) therapy for at least 1 year. Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed on 28 patients...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255576/systematic-review-of-screening-instruments-for-psychosocial-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-term-physical-conditions
#18
Hiran Thabrew, Heather McDowell, Katherine Given, Kathryn Murrell
Children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions (LTPCs) are at greater risk of developing psychosocial problems. Screening for such problems may be undertaken using validated psychometric instruments to facilitate early intervention. A systematic review was undertaken to identify clinically utilized and psychometrically validated instruments for identifying depression, anxiety, behavior problems, substance use problems, family problems, and multiple problems in children and adolescents with LTPCs...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239626/acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-rbm15-mkl1-presenting-as-severe-hepatic-failure
#19
Yoshiko Nakano, Kai Yamasaki, Yasunori Otsuka, Atsushi Ujiro, Rie Kawakita, Nobuyoshi Tamagawa, Keiko Okada, Hiroyuki Fujisaki, Tohru Yorifuji, Junichi Hara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239625/discrepancies-in-communication-versus-documentation-of-weight-management-benchmarks-analysis-of-recorded-visits-with-latino-children-and-associated-health-record-documentation
#20
Christy B Turer, Sarah E Barlow, Sergio MontaƱo, Glenn Flores
To examine gaps in communication versus documentation of weight-management clinical practices, communication was recorded during primary care visits with 6- to 12-year-old overweight/obese Latino children. Communication/documentation content was coded by 3 reviewers using communication transcripts and health-record documentation. Discrepancies in communication/documentation content codes were resolved through consensus. Bivariate/multivariable analyses examined factors associated with discrepancies in benchmark communication/documentation...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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