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Global Pediatric Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812058/environmental-pollutants-and-neurodevelopment-review-of-benefits-from-closure-of-a-coal-burning-power-plant-in-tongliang-china
#1
Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Deliang Tang
Background. Understanding preventable causes of neurodevelopmental disorders is a public health priority. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from combustion of fossil fuel, lead, and mercury are among known neurodevelopmental toxicants. Method. For the first time, we comprehensively review the findings from a study by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health and Chinese partners that followed 2 groups of mother-child pairs, one from 2002 and another from 2005, in Tongliang County, China. Pregnant mothers in the 2 cohorts experienced different exposure to PAH because a local coal-burning power plant was shut down in 2004...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812057/screening-for-syphilis-in-cases-of-suspected-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-infections
#2
Kumara V Nibhanipudi, Kenneth Cody
Background. In all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. The incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened STIs. Objective. The objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Hypothesis. Our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syphilis in cases of presumed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812056/initiating-a-standardized-regional-referral-and-counter-referral-system-in-guatemala-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Rupa Kapoor, Leslie Avendaño, Maria Antonieta Sandoval, Andrea T Cruz, Esther M Sampayo, Miguel A Soto, Elizabeth A Camp, Heather L Crouse
Background:Few data exist for referral processes in resource-limited settings. We utilized mixed-methods to evaluate the impact of a standardized algorithm and training module developed for locally identified needs in referral/counter-referral procedures between primary health centers (PHCs) and a Guatemalan referral hospital. Methods: PHC personnel and hospital physicians participated in surveys and focus groups pre-implementation and 3, 6, and 12 months post-implementation to evaluate providers' experience with the system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812055/clinical-versus-objective-assessment-of-overweight-and-obese-children-among-primary-care-physicians
#4
Anisha Gohil, Shannon James, Samar Rahhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812054/influenza-a-virus-infection-and-nucleotide-sequencing-in-hiv-infected-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Visal Moolasart, Suthat Chottanapund, Jarurnsook Ausavapipit, Srisuda Samadchai, Sirirat Likanonsakul, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Somkid Srisopha, Don Changsom, Hatairat Lerdsamran, Pilaipan Puthavathana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812053/emergency-medical-service-personnel-recognize-pediatric-concussions
#6
Joshua N Speirs, Matthew I Lyons, Bert E Johansson
Concussions are a major cause of morbidity in pediatrics. Many concussions occur during activities with emergency medical service (EMS) providers present to determine if a higher level of care is needed. Data are limited on how capable these providers are. We assessed the ability of EMS providers to recognize pediatric concussions. Fifty-six total responses were included, 38 from EMS and 18 from our MD/RN (medical doctor/registered nurse) group. No statistical differences were found between the 2 groups when adjusted for age, gender, number of years in practice, and number of pediatric concussions managed...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812052/the-superior-labial-frenulum-in-newborns-what-is-normal
#7
Chloe Santa Maria, Janelle Aby, Mai Thy Trong, Yogita Thakur, Sharon Rea, Anna Messner
Introduction and Objectives: There has been an emergence of procedures to release the superior labial frenula in infants, yet little is known about the normal appearance or incidence of severe attachment, or "lip-tie." The objective of this article was to develop a classification system for superior labial frenula and to estimate the incidence of different degrees of attachment. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study. Newborns were examined and had photographs taken of their upper frenula. Relevant medical professionals rated the appearance of the labial frenula using a previously described Kotlow classification system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804750/a-case-of-kawasaki-disease-with-concomitant-leptospirosis
#8
Caleb Chuan Yao Foo, Esther Hui Min Leow, Kong Boo Phua, Chia Yin Chong, Natalie Woon Hui Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804749/morphine-versus-methadone-treatment-for-neonatal-withdrawal-and-impact-on-early-infant-development
#9
Sharon Burke, Anna Malia Beckwith
Objective. Compare developmental outcomes in infants treated with morphine versus methadone. Method. Retrospective chart review of newborns identified through use of ICD-9 code for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Thirty-six infants were evaluated-17 treated with methadone and 19 treated with morphine. Assessment was completed following treatment using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III). Scores in Cognitive, Language, and Motor domains were compared. Results. Comparison of scores between morphine- and methadone-treated groups revealed differences in mean Cognitive Composite (91...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804748/health-of-children-living-near-coal-ash
#10
Clara G Sears, Kristina M Zierold
Coal ash, generated from coal combustion, is composed of small particles containing metals and other elements, such as metalloids. Coal ash is stored in open-air impoundments, frequently near communities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of health and sleep problems in children living near coal ash and compare these prevalences to children not living near coal ash. In 2013 to 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in a community adjacent to coal ash storage sites and a community not exposed to coal ash...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795082/a-case-of-congenital-infection-missed-opportunities-for-prevention-and-the-importance-of-maternal-testing-and-screening
#11
Shira Heisler, Jorge L Lua, Jocelyn Y Ang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781991/validation-of-a-cystic-fibrosis-medication-knowledge-questionnaire
#12
Beverly FitzPatrick, John Hawboldt, Mary Jane Smith, Tiffany Lee
Low adherence to cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment is associated with poor health outcomes, while knowledge of the disease and medication regimen can positively influence adherence. This study's purpose was to develop and validate a questionnaire to help determine CF medication knowledge of pediatric patients and caregivers. Our questionnaire had 37 items: 22 selected-response and 15 open-response questions. We used validation processes from the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. CF experts analyzed validity evidence based on content...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695159/an-11-year-old-boy-with-ear-pain-and-facial-palsy
#13
Abdul R Shahein, Walid Ballourah, Blake C Papsin, Carolyn E Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695158/the-role-of-genetic-testing-in-hereditary-poikiloderma-a-case-report
#14
Sarah El-Heis, Keith M Godfrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695157/lipoprotein-lipase-deficiency-in-an-infant-with-chylomicronemia-hepatomegaly-and-lipemia-retinalis
#15
Dinesha Maduri Vidanapathirana, Thushara Rodrigo, Samantha Waidyanatha, Eresha Jasinge, Amanda J Hooper, John R Burnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680947/beyond-endemic-burkitt-lymphoma-navigating-challenges-of-differentiating-childhood-lymphoma-diagnoses-amid-limitations-in-pathology-resources-in-lilongwe-malawi
#16
Nader Kim El-Mallawany, Mercy Mutai, Idah Mtete, Satish Gopal, Christopher C Stanley, Peter Wasswa, Mary Mtunda, Mary Chasela, William Kamiyango, Jimmy Villiera, Yuri Fedoriw, Nathan D Montgomery, George N Liomba, Coxcilly Kampani, Robert Krysiak, Katherine D Westmoreland, Maria H Kim, Jeremy S Slone, Michael E Scheurer, Carl E Allen, Parth S Mehta, Peter N Kazembe
Background. Although Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is the most common childhood lymphoma in sub-Saharan Africa, Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and other non-Hodgkin lymphomas occur. Diagnosing non-jaw mass presentations is challenging with limited pathology resources. Procedure. We retrospectively analyzed 114 pediatric lymphomas in Lilongwe, Malawi, from December 2011 to June 2013 and compared clinical versus pathology-based diagnoses over two time periods. Access to pathology resources became more consistent in 2013 compared with 2011-2012; pathology interpretations were based on morphology only...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680946/etiology-seasonality-and-clinical-features-of-viral-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-hospitalized-with-acute-bronchiolitis-a-single-center-study
#17
Şule Gökçe, Zafer Kurugöl, Güldane Koturoğlu, Candan Çiçek, Aslı Aslan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the viral frequency, seasonality, and clinical and demographic features of patients hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed in 316 infants younger than 2 years of age who were hospitalized for acute viral bronchiolitis. Respiratory tract infection agents were investigated with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A total of 316 infants were included in this study. Of the 316 infants, at least one respiratory tract pathogen was detected in 75% (237/316)...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680945/opportunistic-screening-for-exposure-to-bullying-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
Marlene Seltzer, Margaret Menoch, Charity Chen
To assess opportunistic screening for exposure to bullying in the pediatric emergency department (ED), an anonymous survey inquiring about exposure to physical, verbal, social, and cyber bullying behaviors was given to ED patients 5 to 18 years old. The survey asked about being the recipient, perpetrator, and/or witness of bullying; the frequency of exposure; liking school; missing school; and presenting complaint. Either the child or parent could complete the survey. A total of 909 surveys were analyzed. Exposure was 78...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620629/pediatric-hypertension-provider-perspectives
#19
Jennifer K Bello, Nivedita Mohanty, Victoria Bauer, Sarah S Rittner, Goutham Rao
Pediatric hypertension is a risk for adult cardiovascular disease, making early detection important. The prevalence of pediatric essential hypertension is rising due to the increased prevalence of obesity. Though guidelines for screening, diagnosis, evaluation, and management are available, there are barriers to accurate diagnosis of pediatric hypertension, including lack of knowledge and complexity of blood pressure standards. We aimed to gain insights into reasons for low rates of diagnosis and treatment from primary care providers...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620628/reduction-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-elementary-school-students-using-an-educational-curriculum-of-beverage-sugar-content
#20
Jason Rauba, Ammar Tahir, Brett Milford, Ashley Toll, Valerie Benedict, Chi Wang, Lynn Chehab, Timothy Sanborn
Introduction: Given the known association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake and poorer health, we instituted an educational curriculum to reduce student consumption of SSBs. Methods: The program included third- to fifth-grade students. A simple demonstration using teaspoons of sugar or small candies showed students the quantity of added sugar in common beverages. This amount of sugar was compared to the daily limit recommended by the American Heart Association. Key principles were reinforced over a 4-month period...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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