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Global Pediatric Health

Mythili Srinivasan, Timothy J Casper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Linda Li, Yuli Li, Catherine McDonald, Jianghong Liu
Objective. Consequences of mild head injury for behavioral adjustment have not been well researched, and little is known about the long-term effects of mild head injury for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods. In this longitudinal study of 418 children in Jintan City, China, parents reported children's history of head injury at age 6 years, and the Child Behavior Checklist was used to measure child iDSM-IV -oriented ADHD at ages 6 (Wave I) and 12 years (Wave II). Regression models were used to calculate the long-term (Wave II) effect of mild head injury on diagnosed ADHD, while controlling for diagnosed ADHD in Wave I...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Janelle Aby, Juliann Lipps Kim
Objective. The purpose of this study is to describe the range and frequency of cutaneous lumbosacral and coccygeal findings encountered during the newborn examination in a population of apparently healthy babies, to determine if the prevalence of these findings is associated with race/ethnicity, and to report the frequency of co-occurrence of low-risk cutaneous findings. Methods . Lumbosacral physical findings of 1121 infants were documented on well newborns at least 35 weeks or greater gestational age under the authors' care...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Vivian Lam Saavedra, Timothy Dennis Kane, Stefany Honigbaum Garrity
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Stephen B Kennedy, Katherine Atwood, Albert O Harris, Curtis H Taylor, Steve Shamblen, Wede M Nagbe, Mawen E Gobeh, Fred Sosu, Jemee K Tegli, Cecelia A Morris
Adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa account for greater HIV/STI (human immuno defiency virus/sexually transmitted infection) burdens and difficult-to-reach populations. This study implemented a community-based HIV/STI program to reach at-risk youth aged 15 to 17 years in postconflict Liberia. Using a randomized controlled trial, community youths were assigned to an adapted version of an effective HIV/STI program, Making Proud Choices, or attention-matched comparison curriculum, General Health Program. Both programs were of similar doses, reach and coverage, and administered in classroom settings by trained health educators...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Fahmida Chowdhury, Probir Kumar Ghosh, K M Shahunja, Abu S M S B Shahid, Lubaba Shahrin, Monira Sarmin, Sharifuzzaman, Farzana Afroze, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Objectives. We sought to evaluate the admission and hospital risk factors for death in children with diarrhea requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). Methods. This was a retrospective study. We enrolled children aged 0 to 59 months admitted with diarrhea to the intensive care unit of the Dhaka Hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) between August 2009 and July 2013 and required MV. To evaluate the risk factors for death in MV, we compared the clinical and laboratory characteristics of the children requiring MV...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Stanisław Sulkowski
Tutor of generations of Warsaw medical doctors, Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926) was son of Rabbi Izaak Kramsztyk, Polish patriot and fighter for independent Poland. Julian Kramsztyk graduated in medicine from Warsaw University in 1873 to soon work as a supervisor of the Internal Diseases Department of Bersohns and Baumans Children's Hospital from 1878 to 1910, and despite of refusing professorship from Imperial Warsaw University, he worked as a lecturer of pediatric disorders from 1880 with strong association of his medical practice with scientific and editorial tasks as well as engaging in charity...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Teresa Bleakly Kortz, Alden Blair, Ellen Scarr, Andrew Masozi Mguntha, Gama Bandawe, Ellen Schell, Sally Rankin, Kimberly Baltzell
Objective. To characterize children with non-malarial fever at risk of nonrecovery or worsening in rural Malawi. Methods. This is a subgroup analysis of patients ≤14 years of age from a prospective cohort study in non-malarial fever subjects (temperature ≥37.5°C, or fever within 48 hours, and malaria negative) in southern Malawi cared for at a mobile clinic during the 2016 dry (August to September) or wet (November to December) season. Data collection included chart review and questionnaires; 14-day follow-up was conducted...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Marisa Censani, Hoda T Hammad, Paul J Christos, Tiffany Schumaker
Adult studies have reported associations of low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease; however, there are scarce pediatric data regarding relationships between vitamin D status and specific lipid markers affecting cardiovascular risk. In this cross-sectional study of children evaluated at university-based pediatric endocrinology clinics, 178 patients meeting criteria for overweight or obesity had 25OHD levels assessed over a 2-year period; 60 of 178 had non-HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol and fasting lipid parameters performed...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Daniel Nguyen, William Sessions, Jena Deitrick, Ayo Olanrewaju, Janet Meller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Meng Mao, Lan Zhang, John Ge, Jian Yan, Robert Northington, Manjiang Yao, Joyce Nowacki, Nicholas P Hays
To study feeding tolerance in infants fed formula with increased sn-2 palmitate and oligofructose (sn-2+OF) in a real-world setting, healthy Chinese infants were enrolled in this 48-day observational study on their current feeding regimens: exclusively breastfed (BF; n = 147), exclusively sn-2+OF formula-fed (FF; n = 150), or mixed-fed with breast milk and sn-2+OF formula (MF; n = 163). Throughout the study, incidence (90% confidence interval) of hard stools was ≤2.1% (0.0-5.3) in FF and 0.8% (0.0-3.5) in MF, with no hard stools in BF...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Saurabh Talathi, Neha Gupta, Swathi Sethuram, Shefali Khanna, Yekaterina Sitnitskaya
Objectives. To evaluate the effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) on the burden of acute otitis media (AOM) and to evaluate the characteristics of AOM versus otitis media with effusion (OME) in the 2 PCV periods. Methods. A cohort of fully vaccinated children aged 18 to 60 months diagnosed with AOM from 2006 to 2015 was identified. Patients with otorrhea/bulging tympanic membrane were considered as true AOM, while those without bulging/otorrhea were considered to have OME. Burden of true AOM in the PCV7 and PCV13 periods and clinical features of true AOM versus OME were compared...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ian M Paul, Paula Delmore, Laura James, Laura Fearn, Andrew Atz, Brenda Poindexter, Amira Al-Uzri, Andrew Lewandowski, Barrie Harper, P Brian Smith
Weight is the foremost marker of health outcomes in infants; however, the majority of community workers and health care providers in remote, resource-constrained settings have limited access to functional scales. This study develops and validates a simple weight estimation strategy for infants that addresses the limitations of current approaches. Circumferential and segmental anthropometric measures were evaluated for their relationship to infant weight and length. Data derived from 2097 US infants (n = 1681 for model development, n = 416 for validation)...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Judy Ibrahim, Abdulla Al Amri, Ghassan Ghatasheh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Ivona Berger, Joyce Obeid, Brian W Timmons, Carol DeMatteo
This study examines accelerometer-based and self-report assessment of sleep disturbance from a larger prospective cohort of youth 5 to 18 years of age with postconcussive injury. Twenty-one participants with self-reported sleep disturbance were evaluated using accelerometers. Participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) every 48 hours and also measured sleep via accelerometry. Correlations were conducted matching PSQI scores to accelerometry assessment. PSQI scores were significantly correlated only with "average number of awakenings" (r = -0...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Mohan Kumaratne, Gayle Early, Jasmine Cisneros
In this retrospective study, vitamin D deficiency was examined with body mass index (BMI) and lipid levels in a sample of Hispanic American adolescents. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among 234 subjects aged 13 to 19 years was 27.8%. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with a BMI of 85 kg/m2 or higher (odds ratio = 2.02, 95% confidence interval = 1.11-3.69, χ2 = 5.37, P = .021), and 55.6% of the sample were overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 85%). In the overweight or obese subjects, vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with higher mean lipid levels compared with those with adequate vitamin D levels: total cholesterol = 165 ± 28...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Itaru Hayakawa, Yutaka Harita, Akira Oka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Jennifer Cooper, Deena Chisolm, Daryl J McLeod
Children with spina bifida experience varying rates of disease complications and health system overutilization. Data on sociodemographics, urinary tract infection, clean intermittent catheterization, and health system utilization were collected from caregiver-patient dyads. Newest Vital Sign (NVS) and Brief Health Literacy Screen (BRIEF) were administered to evaluate health literacy (HL). In total, 105 dyads completed enrolment with 24.8% versus 12.4% of caregivers scoring poor/marginal on the NVS and BRIEF, respectively...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Carlos Castillo, Eleni Kitsos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Lauren Azevedo, Allison Jay, Adonis Lorenzana, Sioban Keel, Roshini S Abraham, Marshall Horwitz, Michelle van Hee, Hadi Sawaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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