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Global Pediatric Health

Olubukunola Adesanya, Mubariz Naqvi
We report a rare, but serious, complication of a malpositioned umbilical venous catheter in a term male infant who developed laceration, hematoma, and necrosis of liver, ascites, and left-sided obstructive uropathy secondary to extravasation of total parenteral nutrition. Abdominal paracentesis confirmed the presence of parenteral nutrition in the peritoneal cavity. Although, the umbilical venous catheterization is a common intravenous access used in neonatal intensive care units, judicious continued monitoring of its use should be practiced to avoid serious complications...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Taketo Otsuka, Naoya Tajima, Keisuke Nagasaki, Minoru Okazaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Sermed Mezher, Mariam Rahm, Sunanda Sudarsanan, Surendran Chandrasekaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Josephine Ho, Sue D Pedersen, Heidi Virtanen, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Carol Huang
Nutritional counseling for children with obesity is an important component of management. This randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare change in body mass index (BMI) z score after 6 months. Children 8 to 16 years with a BMI greater than the 85th percentile were randomized to standard of care nutrition counseling versus intervention with standard nutrition counseling including portion control tool training for the family. Measures were completed at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Fifty-one children were randomized to control and 48 to intervention...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Edem K Binka, Linda O Lewin, Peter R Gaskin
The objective of this study was to determine if a training module improves the auscultation skills of medical students at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Second-year medical students completed pretests on 12 heart sounds followed by a 45-minute training module on clinical auscultation, with retesting immediately after the intervention and during their third-year pediatrics clerkship. The control group consisted of third-year medical students who did not have the intervention. There was a 23% improvement in the identification of heart sounds postintervention (P < ...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Yan-Ping Xu
OBJECTIVES: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic pulmonary disorder affecting preterm infants. We studied the factors and echocardiographic evidence of early pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with moderate or severe BPD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed preterm infants who were born at <32 weeks gestation and admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between July 2013 and July 2015...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Kumara V Nibhanipudi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in infants and children (4 months to 6 years of age) with febrile diarrhea, as outpatients. METHODS: This was a prospective institutional review board-approved study. patients (between 4 months and 6 years of age) were enrolled in the study who presented to the pediatric emergency room with a complaint of fever (rectal temperature 101°F or more) and diarrhea (watery stools >3 in number)...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Jane R Rosenman, Philip R Fischer, Grace M Arteaga, Manasi Hulyalkar, Sabrina M Butteris, Michael B Pitt
Resident participation in international health electives (IHEs) has been shown to be beneficial, yet not all residents have the opportunity to participate. We sought to determine whether participating in simulated global health cases, via the standardized Simulation Use for Global Away Rotations (SUGAR) curriculum, was useful for all pediatric residents, not merely those planning to go on an IHE. Pediatric residents in our program took part in 2 SUGAR cases and provided feedback via an online survey. Thirty-six of 40 residents participated (90%); 72% responded to the survey...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Steven W Kairys, Anna Petrova
Primary care of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is an important public health concerns. In this survey study of 73 pediatricians, we determined whether pediatricians' practice of autism screening and perception of management of ASD is associated with participation in a learning collaborative, "Activated Autism Practice". Overall, the majority recognized the lack of care coordination, inadequate time, poor reimbursement, and language difference as barriers to the delivery of medical care to children with ASD...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Barry Wright, Elizabeth Edginton
Various interventions are used in clinical practice to address insecure or disorganized attachment patterns and attachment disorders. The most common of these are parenting interventions, but not all have a robust empirical evidence base. We undertook a systematic review of randomized trials comparing a parenting intervention with a control, where these used a validated attachment instrument, in order to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of interventions aiming to improve attachment in children with severe attachment problems (mean age <13 years)...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Patrizia Gallo, Luigi Cioffi, Raffaele Limauro, Evelina Farris, Vincenzo Bianco, Roberto Sassi, Maria De Giovanni, Valeria Gallo, Antonietta D'Onofrio, Salvatore Di Maio
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidences suggest a strong association between low birth weight and some diseases in adult life ( hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases).Aim of this study was to evaluate the obesity/overweight prevalence in a population of children born small for gestation age, SGA children 400, 208 males and 192 females compared to a population of children born appropriate for gestational age 6818 AGA children, 3502 males and 3316 females, during childhood. Our intention was also to build the natural history of weight gain during prepubertal age in children born SGA and AGA...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Jean Hannan, Dorothy Brooten, Timothy Page, Ali Galindo, Maritza Torres
Background. Low-income mothers have greater challenges in accessing health care services due changes in the health care system and budget cuts. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to test a nurse practitioner (NP) intervention using cell phone and texting on maternal/infant outcomes. Methods. The sample included 129 mother-infant pairs. Intervention group mothers received NP 2-way cell phone follow-up intervention post-hospital discharge for 6 months. Results. Intervention mothers' perceived social support was significantly higher...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Paola America Huaynate-Cuadrado, Janet M Poulik, Jocelyn Yu Ang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Kumara V Nibhanipudi
Objective. A study to determine if addition of palatal petechiae to Centor criteria adds more value for clinical diagnosis of acute strep pharyngitis in children. Hypothesis. In children, Centor Criteria does not cover all the symptoms and signs of acute strep pharyngitis. We hypothesize that addition of palatal petechiae to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of clinical diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children. Methods. One hundred patients with a complaint of sore throat were enrolled in the study...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Robert van Haselen, Manuela Thinesse-Mallwitz, Vitaliy Maidannyk, Stephen L Buskin, Stephan Weber, Thomas Keller, Julia Burkart, Petra Klement
We investigated the clinical effectiveness of a homeopathic add-on therapy in a pediatric subpopulation with upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in a randomized, controlled, multinational clinical trial. Patients received either on-demand symptomatic standard treatment (ST-group) or the same ST plus a homeopathic medication (Influcid; IFC-group) for 7 days. Outcome assessment was based on symptom and fever resolution and the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey-21 (WURSS-21). A total of 261 pediatric (<12 years) patients (130 IFC-group; 131 ST-group) were recruited in Germany and the Ukraine...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
André-Michael Beer, Ievgeniia Burlaka, Stephen Buskin, Borislav Kamenov, Andrea Pettenazzo, Diana Popova, María Pilar Riveros Huckstadt, Virgilijus Sakalinskas, Menachem Oberbaum
In order to better understand the global approach and country differences in physicians' usage, knowledge, and attitudes towards natural remedies and homeopathy in pediatric practice, an online survey involving 582 general pediatricians and general practitioners treating pediatric diseases was conducted in 6 countries. Overall, 17% of the pediatric prescriptions refer to phytotherapy and 15% refer to homeopathic preparations. Natural remedies and homeopathic preparations are more frequently used in upper respiratory tract infections, infant colic, sleep disturbances, and recurrent infections...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Sarah Kuipers, Eric H J R van der Horst, Jonathan I M L Verbeke, Arend Bökenkamp
The endoscopic STING procedure using Deflux is a common and minimal invasive treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. Herein we present the case of an 11-year-old girl with loin pain and de novo hydronephrosis and megaureter on the left. Ultrasound and plain abdominal X-ray demonstrated a calcification at the ureterovesical junction. She had been treated with Deflux injections 5 years before. The clinical quiz addresses the differential diagnosis, workup, and pathogenesis of calcifications at the ureterovesical junction following endoscopic reflux therapy...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333794X15622305.].
2016: Global Pediatric Health
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333794X15622333.].
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Evrard Romaric Nika, Jean Robert Mabiala Babela, Steve Vassili Missambou Mandilou, Georges Moyen
In the Republic of Congo, a country where tuberculosis is endemic, there have not been many reports about tuberculosis pneumonia. This study aimed to describe the epidemiology, clinical features, and outcome of tuberculosis pneumonia in children. This was a retrospective study of 9 cases of children admitted from 2002 to 2015, that is, 0.7 cases per year. The average age was 37 months. The mean delay from the beginning of symptoms to the visit to a medical center was 36 days (range = 4-93 days). Physical examination indicated a pulmonary consolidation in 6 cases...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
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