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Global Pediatric Health

Sharifuzzaman, Monira Sarmin, Tahmeed Ahmed, Tahmina Alam, Shoeb Bin Islam, Md Munirul Islam, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
We evaluated the independent determinants and outcome of metabolic acidosis in diarrheal children. Children under 5 years of age admitted with diarrhea and severe respiratory distress in the critical care ward at Dhaka Hospital of icddr,b (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh) from April 2010 to April 2014 who had their reports of arterial blood gas analyses were enrolled in the study. We compared clinical and laboratory characteristics between the study children with (cases = 74) and without metabolic acidosis (controls = 65)...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Monika Rani Asnani, Antoinette Barton-Gooden, Marlyn Grindley, Jennifer Knight-Madden
Disease knowledge, illness perceptions, and quality of life (QOL) were examined in 150 adolescents (mean age = 16.1 years, SD = 1.9; 49.3% males) with sickle cell disease (SCD). Females had higher knowledge (P = .004), lower QOL (P = .02), and perceived their illness to be more unpredictable (P = .03). Those with more severe disease perceived their illness to be unpredictable with worse outcomes. Those with higher knowledge scores perceived their illness to be chronic, made more sense of their illness, and perceived greater personal and treatment control...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Richard W Christiana, J Joy James, Rebecca A Battista
Little evidence exists on health care provider (HCP) prescriptions for children's outdoor physical activity (PA). Semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 children's HCPs to explore perspectives on outdoor PA prescription programs for children and barriers to implementation. Thematic analytic techniques were used to analyze the data. Most participants reported an awareness of health benefits to children being in the outdoors. Ten themes emerged from the data related to 3 thematic categories: (1) current strategies that HCPs are using to promote PA among children, (2) barriers that HCPs see to prescribing outdoor PA, and (3) potential strategies for promoting outdoor PA among children...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Michael Townsend Cooper, Rapha A Searing, David M Thompson, David Bard, Hélène Carabin, Carlos Gonzales, Carmen Zavala, Kyle Woodson, Monique Naifeh
Objectives: The World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations list Peru as potentially needing prevention of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH). Prevalence of STH varies regionally and remains understudied in the newest informal settlements of the capital city, Lima. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for Mass Drug Administration (MDA) of antiparasitic drugs in the newest informal settlements of Lima. The aim of this study was to estimate the season-specific prevalence of STH to determine if these prevalence estimates met the WHO threshold for MDA in 3 informal settlements...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Liliana Aguayo, Alicia Olave-Pichon, Adolfo J Ariza, Helen J Binns
Information on risks associated with obesity during infancy specific to Hispanic children is scarce. This retrospective medical record review describes characteristics and parenting practices of Hispanic children age <2 years referred for obesity care at a tertiary hospital over a 6-year period. Data on 29 Hispanic children collected from parent-completed assessment forms and clinician documentation were analyzed. Children were of mean age 16.2 ± 4.9 months; body mass index z scores ranged from 1.5 to 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Shelly-Ann Williams, Beneka Browne-Ferdinand, Ynolde Smart, Kristen Morella, Susan G Reed, Julie Kanter
Objective: To pilot a newborn screening program for sickle cell disease (SCD) in St. Vincent and the Grenadines using a novel partnership method to determine the feasibility of a universal newborn screening program in this country. Methods: A prospective study of mothers and their newborns was conducted between January 1, 2015, and November 1, 2015, at the country's main hospital. Mothers of infants born at this hospital were offered screening for SCD for their infants. If accepted, the newborn's heel-stick blood specimen was obtained and mailed to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Newborn Screening Laboratory for testing...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Andrea Scherer, Andrew Jea
The purpose of this study was to review our experience with a single case of mastoiditis associated with sigmoid sinus thrombosis and increased intracranial pressure, and to review the experience of others through prior publications. We reviewed a case of a 6-year-old boy with an acute otitis media and mastoiditis, with associated ipsilateral sigmoid sinus and contralateral distal transverse sinus thrombosis. Based on the literature and our own experience, we conclude that most children with dural sinus thrombosis from acute otitis media and mastoiditis, in the setting of increased intracranial pressure, attain a good neurological outcome with a conservative neurosurgical approach...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Carlos Castillo, Carston Ruffo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Caitlyn Fuller, Eric Lehman, Steven Hicks, Marsha B Novick
Children comprise one of the largest consumer groups of technology. Sleep is fundamental to optimal functioning during childhood, including health and behavior. The purpose of this study was to explore bedtime electronic use and its impact on 3 health consequences-sleep quantity and quality, inattention, and body mass index. Parents of 234 children, ages 8 to 17 years, were surveyed to quantify hours of technology use (computer, video games, cell phone, and television), hours of sleep, and inattentive behaviors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
George G A Pujalte, Isabella Ahanogbe, McKennan J Thurston, Richard O White, Alva Roche-Green
There is an epidemic of pediatric obesity in the United States. In most cases, there is an excess in the amount of calories consumed, compared with the amount of calories expended. Numerous body systems are affected by pediatric obesity, with complications varying between boys and girls. Behavioral, genetic, and environmental factors affect the ability of children to avoid becoming obese. Primary care physicians should screen for obesity in children as much as possible. Associated risk factors for obesity should be uncovered...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Yutaka Kawano, Meika Nambu, Youji Uejima, Satoshi Sato, Eisuke Suganuma, Tadamasa Takano, Tsutomu Oh-Ishi
We studied 3 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed thyroid cancer (TC). Potential risk factors for TC development was explored. Fifty-three patients with a clinical diagnosis of rheumatic diseases including SLE at our hospital between July 2014 and December 2014 were enrolled. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings were retrospectively compared between TC-positive and TC-negative patients. Among rheumatic diseases, lymphadenopathy/splenomegaly at treatment commencement, and lymphadenopathy/splenomegaly, painless ulcer (oral, nasal, or mucosal), and weight loss during the entire study period were precipitating factors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Forod Salehi, Hamid Reza Riasi, Ali Ebrahimzadeh, Sima Askari Janatabadi
This study aimed to compare the effects of oral midazolam and chloral hydrate in pre-echocardiography sedation of children. In this double-blind clinical trial, 68 children were randomly assigned to midazolam (0.2 mg/kg) or chloral hydrate (50 mg/kg). The intensity, duration, and onset of the drugs' effects were assessed. Data were analyzed using the χ(2) and Mann-Whitney tests (P ≤ .05). The average onset and duration of sedation in the children assigned to midazolam was shorter than in those assigned chloral hydrate (6...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
George T Manilla, Joe de Braga
Pediatricians and educators may interact daily with several dyslexic patients or students. One dyslexic author accidently developed a personal, effective, corrective reading method. Its effectiveness was evaluated in 3 schools. One school utilized 8 demonstration special education students. Over 3 months, one student grew one third year, 3 grew 1 year, and 4 grew 2 years. In another school, 6 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade classroom teachers followed 45 treated dyslexic students. They all excelled and progressed beyond their classroom peers in 4 months...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Bhargavi Kola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Zachary Obinna Enumah, John Creagh, Laura A Malone, Jeffrey M Chinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Concepción Gómez Esteban, Juan J Sánchez Carrión, Fernando J García Selgas, José M Segovia Guisado
Background and Objective. Preterm birth has a major impact on growth, and very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in numerous developmental domains. This article describes and quantifies morbidities in a sample of 1200 ≤1500-g births in Spain between 1993 and 2011 based on parent information, and it highlights several variables that influence these morbidities. Methods. Multiple method surveys using computer-assisted telephones interviewing and computer-assisted web interviewing methods. Sample design was intentional...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Amanda R Schlefman, AnneMarie C Brescia, Maureen G Leffler, Carlos D Rosé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Valerie O'Hara, Nancy Browne, Samreen Fathima, Barbara Sorondo, Janet Bayleran, Starr Johnston, Kathrin Hastey
This descriptive study examines the prevalence of obesity-related cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors using CM laboratory metrics, in 3 to 19 year olds presenting to a rural American Academy of Pediatrics stage 3 multidisciplinary weight management clinic based on gender, age ranges, and obesity classes. From 2009 to 2016, 382 children (body mass index ≥85th percentile) enrolled. Multiple logistic regression determined the effects of age, gender, or obesity class on CM risk factors. Odds of elevated insulin were more significant in 15 to 19 year olds than in 3 to 5 year olds, or in 6 to 11 year olds...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Nordie A Bilbao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Debra Isaac, Vikhashni Nagesh, Alexandra Bell, Rodrigo Soto, Marisa Seepersaud, Kimberley Myers, Saif Zahir
Background: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) in Guyana have not historically been managed with timely intervention, increasing the likelihood of serious, irreversible complications. In 2014, a pediatric cardiology clinical program (Guyana Paediatric Cardiology Steering Committee [GPCSC]) and partnership with International Children's Heart Foundation (BabyHeart) was developed to improve CHD care. Objectives: To describe the characteristics of CHD in Guyanese children and to determine the impact of GPCSC on CHD outcomes...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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