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JBRA Assisted Reproduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395421/code-of-ethics-and-conduct-of-the-brazilian-association-of-embryologists-pron%C3%A3-cleo
#1
Philip Wolff, Claudia Chagas Rocha, Raquel de Lima L S Alvarenga, Jaqueline Verceze B Zuculo, Fernando Marques Guimarães, João Eduardo Pinheiro, Josimar Grassi, Luiz Mauro Oliveira Gomes, Ricardo Marques de Azambuja
For more than three decades, Brazilian Clinical Embryologists have been working without specific regulations and following the standards adopted by other healthcare professionals. This document aims to guide behavior and decision-making, while providing directions to embryologist with the purpose of aiding professionals involved with assisted reproduction procedures and their patients. The Code of Ethics and Conduct is an important breakthrough and the first step toward regulating Clinical Embryology as a profession...
November 5, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376279/-ocimum-gratissimum-leaf-extract-may-precipitate-infertility-in-male-diabetic-wistar-rats
#2
Shehu-Tijani Shittu, Seyyid Alli Shittu, Afeez Ayobami Olatunji, Wahab Adekunle Oyeyemi
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the Ocimum gratissimum (OG) effects on sperm quality and testicular cytoarchitecture in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. METHOD: Twenty male Wistar rats (150-200 g) were assigned into 4 groups (n=5) as A (control), B (OG), C (Dia) and D (Dia+OG). Groups A and B were normal animals receiving distilled water or OG (400 mg/kg), respectively while diabetes was induced by alloxan monohydrate (100 mg/kg) in groups C and D, followed by the administration of distilled water or OG, respectively for 28 days...
October 30, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376278/repeated-recovery-of-immature-oocytes-in-a-woman-with-a-previous-history-of-empty-follicle-syndrome
#3
Tarek K Al-Hussaini, Ali H Yosef, Ihab H El-Nashar, Omar M Shaaban
The empty follicle syndrome (EFS) is defined as a failure to aspirate any oocyte (s) from the follicles after ovarian hyperstimulation in preparation for IVF/ICSI. It is a frustrating and vague syndrome; and a controversial one concerning its existence, causes and possible treatment. Recurrent EFS or the recovery of immature oocytes thereafter is a more challenging problem. Delayed injection after leaving the immature oocytes for in vitro -maturation (IVM) has been suggested to be a possible option if immature oocytes are retrieved...
October 30, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277707/growing-body-of-evidence-supports-intrauterine-insemination-as-first-line-treatment-and-rejects-unfounded-concerns-about-its-efficacy-risks-and-cost-effectiveness
#4
Gulam Bahadur, Roy Homburg
IUI has been practiced for five decades but only three unconvincing trials attempted to demonstrate the superiority of IUI over sexual intercourse (SI). In the absence of evidence of its effectiveness, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommended IVF over IUI after 2 years of unprotected SI. High-quality recent data in well-constructed studies suggest that biases against IUI procedures and in favour of IVF are invalid. It is unethical to continue to misinform patients and stakeholders. The well-constructed randomised controlled trials (RCT) show IUI procedure to be efficient, with minimal risk, and above all improved cost-effectiveness when compared to IVF for live birth...
October 2, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264949/the-impact-of-balanced-reciprocal-translocation-46-xx-t-7-17-p13-q24-probably-involving-the-sox9-gene-in-the-in-vitro-fertilization-with-own-oocytes-evaluated-by-preimplantation-genetic-testing-or-donated-oocytes
#5
Pedro F M Peregrino, Alecsandra Gomes, Mariana Fujii, Tatiana C S Bonetti, Marcia Riboldi, Pedro A A Monteleone
Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) for in vitro fertilization (IVF) - also known as PGT for Structural Rearrangements (PGT-SR) - has emerged as an option for at-risk couples carrying balanced translocations. The female in the couple featured in this case report is a carrier of a balanced reciprocal translocation who underwent IVF. PGT showed all her embryos were aneuploid. She subsequently had two cycles using donor oocytes, which ended in miscarriages.
September 28, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129354/abstracts-of-the-22st-annual-congress-of-the-sbra-brasilia-df-01-04-august-2018
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949321/toxic-effect-of-tropaeolum-majus-l-leaves-on-spermatogenesis-in-mice
#7
Layasadat Khorsandi, Ali Akbar Oroojan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hydroethanolic extract toxicity, obtained from Tropaeolum majus L. (TM) on mouse testicular tissue. METHOD: In this experimental study, we used 32 male NMRI mice. The experimental groups received 75, 375 and 750 mg/kg of TM extract, respectively. Twenty-four hours after the last experimental day, serum samples were collected for hormonal measurement. Then, the cauda of epididymis and testis were removed for sperm count and histopathological assessments...
September 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378396/fertility-awareness-campaign
#8
Hitomi Miura Nakagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264948/use-of-clomiphene-citrate-in-minimal-stimulation-in-vitro-fertilization-negatively-impacts-endometrial-thickness-an-argument-for-a-freeze-all-approach
#9
Beverly G Reed, John L Wu, Laurice Bou Nemer, Bruce R Carr, Orhan Bukulmez
OBJECTIVE: Minimal stimulation IVF is a treatment option that uses clomiphene citrate (CC). We sought to evaluate how CC impacts endometrial thickness during minimal stimulation IVF cycles. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 230 cycles in 119 poor ovarian response patients. The IVF cycles were studied in three groups: 130 minimal stimulation cycles, 29 mild stimulation cycles, and 30 conventional high dose gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist cycles...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264947/ovarian-response-after-random-start-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-to-cryopreserve-oocytes-in-cancer-patients
#10
Ana Paula Cb Campos, Guilherme P Geber, Rodrigo Hurtado, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate COS and oocyte retrieval results in ART treatment cycles initiated at any stage of the menstrual cycle (random start) in cancer patients, who could not postpone the onset of cancer treatment. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 26 women with cancer, with an indication to start cancer treatment within the next 20 days and wishing to preserve their fertility. Ovarian stimulation started immediately with FSH followed by GnRH antagonist for pituitary suppression and GnRH agonist for oocyte maturation...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264946/higher-follicular-fluid-glycodelin-levels-are-negatively-correlated-with-embryonic-development-in-assisted-reproduction
#11
Sibel Bulgurcuoglu-Kuran, Bilge Ozsait-Selcuk, Funda Gungor-Ugurlucan, Gözde Koksal, Can Günay, Buyru Faruk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effect of follicular fluid glycodelin levels on the quality of developing oocytes and subsequent in vitro embryo development. METHODS: Follicular fluid glycodelin levels of 145 patients undergoing assisted reproductive treatment were analyzed and the correlation between glycodelin levels and ART outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: We found that glycodelin levels were negatively correlated with the number of high quality embryos on day 3 (r=-0...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175909/dexamethasone-as-endocrine-disruptor-type-i-and-type-ii-anti-oestrogenic-actions-on-the-ovary-and-uterus-of-adult-wistar-rats-rattus-novergicus
#12
Joseph Babatunde Dare, Babajide Arogundade, Olakunle Oladipupo Awoniyi, Adebiyi Aderinola Adegoke, Damilare Adedayo Adekomi
OBJECTIVE: Dexamethasone is a widely used glucocorticoid, which has been prescribed increasingly in recent years. The effects of Dexamethasone on the ovary and uterus was investigated in present study. METHODS: Twenty (20) adult female Wistar rats, weighing 130-170 g were assigned to four (4) groups of five (5) animals each. The rats in the control group received saline, while the rats in the experimental group was subjected to oral treatment of dexamethasone of 12 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, and 7 mg/kg doses daily for a period of 10 days, respectively...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141889/ovarian-granulosa-cell-tumor-and-clomiphene-citrate-resistance-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Olga Triantafyllidou, George Sigalos, Irida Oikonomou, Nikos Vlahos
Granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) account for less than 5% of all ovarian malignancies, occur in younger ages, are usually diagnosed in their early stages, and have a good prognosis. GCTs usually present with features of hyperestrogenism. This paper reports the unusual case of an adult with a GCT with manifestations including amenorrhea, mild hirsutism, infertility, clomiphene citrate (CC) resistance (CC), mildly elevated testosterone, high anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and normal estrogen levels. The patient was initially diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and after four attempts at ovarian stimulation she was diagnosed with CC resistance...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132630/comparative-analysis-between-slow-freezing-and-ultra-rapid-freezing-for-human-sperm-cryopreservation
#14
Natalí S Riva, Claudio Ruhlmann, Rocío S Iaizzo, Carla A Marcial López, Alejandro Gustavo Martínez
OBJECTIVE: Cryopreservation of human spermatozoa is fundamental in assisted reproductive technology. At present, slow freezing techniques are widely used for sperm cryopreservation. Recently, sperm vitrification has been proposed as an alternative to slow freezing. This study aimed to compare the efficiency of slow versus ultra-rapid freezing after thawing and to determine the level of DNA fragmentation in post-thaw normal human semen samples processed through each of the cryopreservation techniques...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132627/does-acupuncture-the-day-of-embryo-transfer-affect-the-clinical-pregnancy-rate-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Juan-Enrique Schwarze, Juan Pablo Ceroni, Carolina Ortega-Hrepich, Sonia Villa, Javier Crosby, Ricardo Pommer
The effects of acupuncture on IVF outcomes is still unknown. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCT to determine whether acupuncture performed at the time of ET improves outcomes. We searched Medline and Embase from January 1990 to June 2017, for the following terms): (acupuncture; acupuncture therapy) and (reproductive techniques, assisted; in vitro fertilization; embryo transfer). We selected RCT that compared acupuncture with sham acupuncture or no treatment. We included only trials in which acupuncture involved the insertion of needles into traditional meridian points...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125071/dhea-use-to-improve-likelihood-of-ivf-icsi-success-in-patients-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Juan Enrique Schwarze, Johana Canales, Javier Crosby, Carolina Ortega-Hrepich, Sonia Villa, Ricardo Pommer
The aim of this review is to determine if the use of DHEA increases the likelihood of success in patients with POR. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE using the terms "DHEA and diminished ovarian reserve", "DHEA and poor response", "DHEA and premature ovarian aging". A fixed effects model was used and Peto's method to get the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%). For quantitative variables, Cohen's method was used to present the standardized mean differences (SMD) with their corresponding confidence intervals...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118194/seminal-profile-of-23-504-patients-over-the-years-7-years-of-experience
#17
Camila Nogueira, Ivan Henrique Yoshida, Fabia Lima Vilarino, Waldemar Pereira de Carvalho, Emerson Barch Cordts, Caio Parente Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the behavior of seminal parameters over the years - 2010 to May 2017. METHODS : A retrospective study, carried out from January 2010 to May 2017, covering men who underwent sperm examination. Seminal parameters (volume, sperm concentration, motility, morphology, age and duration of infertility in years) of 23,504 men were evaluated. The groups were compared to each other to check whether there were changes to the seminal parameters in that period...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106543/genetic-counseling-prior-to-assisted-reproductive-technology-procedures-in-the-era-of-cytogenomics
#18
Roberto Coco
The possibility of sequencing hundreds of genes simultaneously and performing molecular karyotyping thanks to the introduction of novel genetic tools has expanded the use of preconception screening for blastocyst recessive mutations and aneuploidies before embryo transfer, with the ultimate purpose of increasing the proportion of normal healthy newborns. Since medically-assisted reproduction procedures are increasingly required to be eugenic, and the aforementioned genetic tests cover only half of the potential genetic diseases occurring at birth, it seems reasonable to incorporate genetic counseling in the practice of assisted reproduction to avoid prosecution for malpractice...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106542/the-effects-of-male-age-on-sperm-dna-damage-an-evaluation-of-2-178-semen-samples
#19
Claudia G Petersen, Ana L Mauri, Laura D Vagnini, Adriana Renzi, Bruna Petersen, Mariana Mattila, Vanessa Comar, Juliana Ricci, Felipe Dieamant, Joao Batista A Oliveira, Ricardo L R Baruffi, Jose G Franco
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of male age on sperm DNA damage. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included semen samples collected from 2,178 men seen at an infertility clinic. For DNA integrity analysis, the proportions of spermatozoa showing DNA fragmentation (TUNEL assay), abnormal chromatin packaging/underprotamination (chromomycin A3 ), abnormal mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP/MitoTracker Green), and apoptosis (annexin V) were recorded...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106541/the-effect-of-early-coasting-on-blastocyst-development-and-outcome-following-blastocyst-transfer-in-ivf-icsi-programme
#20
Chandra Kailasam, Heather Griffith, Paul Wilson, Uma Gordon
OBJECTIVE: Coasting is a well-known strategy to decrease severity of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of Coasting on blastocyst development and subsequent clinical outcome following exclusive blastocyst transfer. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of patients having blastocyst transfer following IVF/ICSI treatment. Patients undergoing IVF/ICSI cycles were included in the study. Patients at risk of OHSS were coasted...
November 1, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
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