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Zdravstveno Varstvo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289474/the-history-of-public-health-use-of-fluorides-in-caries-prevention
#1
Tea Šket, Andreja Kukec, Rok Kosem, Barbara Artnik
AIM: The aim of our study was to chronologically analyse various public health measures of fluoride use in caries prevention. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed database on the preventive role of fluorides in public health, published from 1984 to 2014. The search process was divided into four steps, where inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined. Qualitative methodology was used for the article analysis. In the research process, the described forms of F use, diversity of the described F agents, and the observed population group were analysed...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289473/assessment-of-the-association-between-dentate-status-and-self-rated-general-health
#2
Martin Ranfl, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
OBJECTIVE: Aiming at preparing the basis for evidence-based dental public health policy making in Slovenia, the objective of the study was to assess the strength of association between oral health status measured by the number of missing teeth and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: The study was designed as a pooled individual-level data study from four national cross-sectional studies carried out in the period 2001-2012, based on CINDI Health Monitor methodology...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289472/longevity-in-slovenia-past-and-potential-gains-in-life-expectancy-by-age-and-causes-of-death
#3
Aleša Lotrič Dolinar, Petra Došenović Bonča, Jože Sambt
INTRODUCTION: In Slovenia, longevity is increasing rapidly. From 1997 to 2014, life expectancy at birth increased by 7 and 5 years for men and women, respectively. This paper explores how this gain in life expectancy at birth can be attributed to reduced mortality from five major groups of causes of death by 5-year age groups. It also estimates potential future gains in life expectancy at birth. METHODS: The importance of the five major causes of death was analysed by cause-elimination life tables...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289471/evaluation-of-national-food-and-nutrition-policy-in-albania
#4
Ehadu Mersini, Jolanda Hyska, Genc Burazeri
INTRODUCTION: The paper aims to describe the progress that has been made in the implementation of the Albanian food and nutrition policy since 2003, so as to consider its impacts to date, and to identify strategic priorities/critical areas and priorities for Albania's future policy on improving the national food and nutrition situation. METHODS: In 2011-2012, an expert group applied an intersectoral participatory approach to evaluate the implementation of Food and Nutrition Action Plan 2003-08 in Albania...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289470/the-profiling-of-university-of-ljubljana-students-according-to-their-motives-for-exercise-participation
#5
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Joško Sindik
INTRODUCTION: The main research objective is the analysis of the grouping of the students of the University of Ljubljana, with respect to the intensity of different types of exercise participation motives, their gender, discipline and year of study, level of physical activity, status of physical education class, organization of physical activities during study, and place of residence. METHODS: Data were collected using personal data sheets during enrolling students at the University of Ljubljana...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289469/using-movies-in-family-medicine-teaching-a-reference-to-euract-educational-agenda
#6
Zalika Klemenc Ketiš, Igor Švab
INTRODUCTION: Cinemeducation is a teaching method where popular movies or movie clips are used. We aimed to determine whether family physicians' competencies as listed in the Educational Agenda produced by the European Academy of Teachers in General Practice/Family Medicine (EURACT) can be found in movies, and to propose a template for teaching by these movies. METHODS: A group of family medicine teachers provided a list of movies that they would use in cinemeducation...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289468/the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-family-phisicians-on-self-rated-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#7
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. METHODS: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289467/the-development-of-a-consensus-definition-for-healthcare-improvement-science-his-in-seven-european-countries-a-consensus-methods-approach
#8
Brigita Skela-Savič, Rhoda Macrae, Manuel Lillo-Crespo, Kevin D Rooney
INTRODUCTION: There is a limited body of research in the field of healthcare improvement science (HIS). Quality improvement and 'change making' should become an intrinsic part of everyone's job, every day in all parts of the healthcare system. The lack of theoretical grounding may partly explain the minimal transfer of health research into health policy. METHODS: This article seeks to present the development of the definition for healthcare improvement science. A consensus method approach was adopted with a two-stage Delphi process, expert panel and consensus group techniques...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289466/the-use-of-different-tobacco-and-related-products-with-and-without-flavours-among-15-year-olds-in-slovenia
#9
Helena Koprivnikar, Tina Zupanic
BACKGROUND: Different tobacco and related products, like waterpipe, e-cigarettes, are gaining popularity among adolescents in different countries; the data for Slovenia is currently limited. The purpose of this paper is to present the latest data on the use of different tobacco and related products, with or without flavours, among 15-year old students in Slovenia. METHODS: Data for 15-year-old students were drawn from 2014 Slovene database of the cross-national survey Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289465/an-exploration-of-diabetic-foot-screening-procedures-data-by-a-multiple-correspondence-analysis
#10
Vilma Urbančič Rovan, Jože Rovan
AIMS: Gangrene and amputation are among most feared complications of diabetes mellitus. Early detection of patients at high risk for foot ulceration can prevent foot complications. Regular foot screening (medical history, foot examination and classification into risk groups) was introduced at the out-patient diabetes clinic in Ljubljana in November 1996. We aimed to explore the relationships between the observed variables, check the appropriateness of the risk status classification and of the post-screening decisions...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289464/the-influence-of-parental-education-and-other-socio-economic-factors-on-child-car-seat-use
#11
Mateja Rok Simon, Aleš Korošec, Marjan Bilban
INTRODUCTION: The behaviour of parents in ensuring car passenger safety for their children is associated with socio-economic (SE) status of the family; however, the influence of parental education has rarely been researched and the findings are contradictory. The aim of the study was to clarify whether parental education influences the use of a child car seat during short rides. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in outpatient clinics for children's healthcare across Slovenia...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289463/antenatal-characteristics-of-roma-female-population-in-virovitica-podravina-county-croatia
#12
Jadranko Šegregur, Domagoj Šegregur
INTRODUCTION: This study reports about antenatal characteristics of Roma minority population. The study was designed to investigate data about health behaviours known to be associated with reproductive outcomes of Roma women that have very good living conditions and relatively high resource availability. METHODS: A retrospective study included 204 Roma and 408 non-Roma hospitalised singleton births that occurred in the Maternity Ward of the General Hospital Virovitica in the period from 1991 to 2010...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289462/the-perception-of-low-salt-bread-among-preschool-children-and-the-role-of-educational-personnel-in-creating-a-positive-attitude-towards-reformulated-food
#13
Boris Kovac, Maja Knific
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the possibility of unnoticed reduction in salt content of bread as a basic food in the diet of preschool children. The response of children to less salty bread and the role of teachers and teacher assistants in the introduction of novelties into children's nutrition ware studied. METHODS: Using hedonic sensory evaluation in the case of bread, the perception of salty taste and responses of preschool children to salt reduction were observed...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289461/the-adaptation-and-implementation-of-guidelines-for-responsible-media-reporting-on-suicide-in-slovenia
#14
Saška Roškar, Alenka Tančič Grum, Vita Poštuvan, Anja Podlesek, Diego De Leo
INTRODUCTION: The existing literature provides evidence of the link between media reporting and suicide in terms of either preventive or provocative effects. Hence, working with media representatives on responsible reporting on suicide is of great importance. Until recently in Slovenia, there has been an obvious lack of communication between media representatives and suicidologists. The aims of the present study were twofold; firstly, to introduce the adaptation and dissemination of intervention on responsible media reporting, and secondly, to evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented intervention on suicide reporting...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289460/the-evaluation-of-mrsa-surveillance-cultures-by-the-number-and-combinations-of-anatomical-sites
#15
Irena Grmek Kosnik, Alenka Storman, Ziva Petrovic, Slavica Robnik, Urska Dermota, Tjasa Zohar Cretnik
INTRODUCTION: The identification of patients infected and/or colonised by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is necessary for the timely introduction of measures for infection control. We compared the diagnostic efficacy of combinations of MRSA surveillance swabs routinely taken by health institutions in the country. METHODS: All surveillance samples, which were sent for a microbiological analysis to detect MRSA with the culture method in 2014, in the three departments for medical microbiology of the National Laboratory for Health, Environment and Food, were included in this study...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289459/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-questionnaire-in-slovenian-language
#16
Jure Urbančič, Tanja Soklič Košak, Klemen Jenko, Nina Božanić Urbančič, Peter Hudoklin, Matej Delakorda, Ajda Juvanec, Katarina Zupančič Urbančič, Jana Vadnjal, Daša Gluvajić
OBJECTIVES: Nasal obstruction is highly subjective perception with numerous efforts being made towards objective measuring. Many instruments in quality of life studies encompass subjective symptom of nasal obstruction, but only NOSE has been properly validated and is easy to use in every day practice. METHODS: Multicenter prospective instrument validation and cross-cultural adaptation cohort study was conducted on patients with deviated nasal septum, with or without inferior turbinate hypertrophy, to develop the Slovenian version of NOSE questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289458/encouraging-employees-to-report-verbal-violence-in-primary-health-care-in-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Marina B Fisekovic Kremic, Zorica J Terzic-Supic, Milena M Santric-Milicevic, Goran Z Trajkovic
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is a serious and multidimensional problem that adversely affects professional and personal lives of employees. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of verbal violence as a part of psychological violence among employees in primary health care in Belgrade, and to identify contributing factors of verbal violence in the workplace. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the final analysis included 1526 employees, using multi-stage sampling...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289457/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Anja Radsel, Damjan Osredkar, David Neubauer
INTRODUCTION: In a cross-sectional cohort study, health-related quality of life of Slovenian children and adolescents with cerebral palsy was examined, and factors associated with it have been identified. METHODS: Caregivers of 122 children and adolescents with cerebral palsy were addressed to fill out proxy versions of HRQoL questionnaires (DISABKIDS generic and cerebral palsy module). Children and adolescents without cognitive deficit were asked to fill out the self-report versions...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703548/a-methodological-approach-to-the-analysis-of-egocentric-social-networks-in-public-health-research-a-practical-example
#19
Janet Klara Djomba, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
INTRODUCTION: Research on social networks in public health focuses on how social structures and relationships influence health and health-related behaviour. While the sociocentric approach is used to study complete social networks, the egocentric approach is gaining popularity because of its focus on individuals, groups and communities. METHODS: One of the participants of the healthy lifestyle health education workshop 'I'm moving', included in the study of social support for exercise was randomly selected...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703547/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-method-used-for-ascertainment-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-the-second-slovenian-national-prevalence-survey
#20
Mojca Serdt, Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Aleš Korošec, Irena Klavs
INTRODUCTION: The second Slovenian national healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence survey (SNHPS) was conducted in acute-care hospitals in 2011. The objective was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the method used for the ascertainment of six types of HAIs (bloodstream infections, catheter-associated infections, lower respiratory tract infections, pneumoniae, surgical site infections, and urinary tract infections) in the University Medical Centre Ljubljana (UMCL)...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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