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Zdravstveno Varstvo

Janet Klara Djomba, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
INTRODUCTION: Research on social networks in public health focuses on how social structures and relationships influence health and health-related behaviour. While the sociocentric approach is used to study complete social networks, the egocentric approach is gaining popularity because of its focus on individuals, groups and communities. METHODS: One of the participants of the healthy lifestyle health education workshop 'I'm moving', included in the study of social support for exercise was randomly selected...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Mojca Serdt, Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Aleš Korošec, Irena Klavs
INTRODUCTION: The second Slovenian national healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence survey (SNHPS) was conducted in acute-care hospitals in 2011. The objective was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the method used for the ascertainment of six types of HAIs (bloodstream infections, catheter-associated infections, lower respiratory tract infections, pneumoniae, surgical site infections, and urinary tract infections) in the University Medical Centre Ljubljana (UMCL)...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Irena Klavs, Jana Kolman, Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Božena Kotnik Kevorkijan, Aleš Korošec, Mojca Serdt
INTRODUCTION: In the second Slovenian national healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence survey, conducted within the European point prevalence survey of HAIs and antimicrobial use in acute-care hospitals, we estimated the prevalence of all types of HAIs and identified risk factors. METHODS: Patients from acute-care hospitals were enrolled into a one-day cross-sectional study in October 2011. Descriptive analyses were performed to describe the characteristics of patients, their exposure to invasive procedures and the prevalence of different types of HAIs...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Vesna Zupančič, Majda Pahor
INTRODUCTION: The contribution's aim is highlighting the differences in understanding non-governmental organizations' (NGOs) role in the mental health area within the public support network for patients with mental health problems from various viewpoints, in order to achieve progress in supporting patients with mental health problems in local communities. METHODS: Qualitative data gathered as a part of a cross-sectional study of NGOs in the support network for patients with mental health problems in two Slovenian health regions (56 local communities), carried out in 2013 and 2014, were used...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Tatjana Avšic Županc, Miroslav Petrovec
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that represents a public health emergency at the ongoing epidemic. This obscure virus was limited to sporadic cases in Africa and Asia, until the emergence of Zika virus in Brazil in 2015, when it rapidly spread throughout the Americas. Most Zika virus infections are subclinical or characterized by mild febrile illness. However, neurological complications, including Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults, and congenital anomalies, including microcephaly in babies born to infected mothers, raised a grave concern...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Dorjan Marušič, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel
In large systems, such as health care, reforms are underway constantly. The article presents a definition of health care reform and factors that influence its success. The factors being discussed range from knowledgeable personnel, the role of involvement of international experts and all stakeholders in the country, the importance of electoral mandate and governmental support, leadership and clear and transparent communication. The goals set need to be clear, and it is helpful to have good data and analytical support in the process...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Pim de Graaf, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Erika Zelko, Marga Vintges, Sara Willems, Lise Hanssens
Roma populations' low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations. At local level, establishing collaboration with Roma organisations helps primary care to improve mutual relations and quality of care. Mediation has proved to be an effective tool...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Branko Gabrovec, Ivan Eržen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research was to identify the prevalence of violence towards nursing staff in Slovenian nursing homes. METHODS: For the purpose of this study, a non-experimental sampling method was employed, using a structured questionnaire as a data collection instrument (n=527). The contents of the questionnaire proved valid and reliable, with a high enough degree of internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha minimum 0.82). RESULTS: The nursing staffs working in nursing homes for senior citizens are at high risk of violence...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Mirna Macur, Orsolya Király, Aniko Maraz, Katalin Nagygyörgy, Zsolt Demetrovics
BACKGROUND: Internet use is an integral part of our everyday activities; however, Internet use may become problematic and harmful in a minority of cases. The majority of reported prevalence rates of problematic Internet use refer to adolescent samples, whereas epidemiological studies on representative adult populations are lacking. This study aimed to reveal the prevalence and characteristics of problematic Internet use in Slovenia. METHODS: Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire (PIUQ) was included in European Health Interview Study (EHIS) on representative Slovenian sample...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Milica Paut Kusturica, Ana Tomas, Zdenko Tomic, Dragica Bukumiric, Aleksandar Corac, Olga Horvat, Ana Sabo
INTRODUCTION: An ongoing issue of expired medications accumulating in some households is a universal problem around the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the extent and structure of expired medications in Serbian households, and to determine which therapeutic groups generated the most waste. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study conducted in households in the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. The study had been performed over 8 month period (December 2011 - July 2012) and it consisted of personal insights into the medication inventory in households...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Damjan Slabe, Rok Fink, Eva Dolenc, Andreja Kvas
OBJECTIVES: Preschool children have significant health issues. From the relevant legislation and regulations, it can be seen that kindergarten teachers (KTs) and kindergarten teacher assistants (KTAs) are expected to be familiarwith the basic hygienic measures and steps for preventing injuries and illnesses, to recognize infectious diseases, and to know how to give the first aid. To gain these skills, a continuous life-long learning is necessary, because the characteristics of diseases are changing...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Davorina Petek, Mitja Mlakar
BACKGROUND: A new organisation at the primary level, called model practices, introduces a 0.5 full-time equivalent nurse practitioner as a regular member of the team. Nurse practitioners are in charge of registers of chronic patients, and implement an active approach into medical care. Selected quality indicators define the quality of management. The majority of studies confirm the effectiveness of the extended team in the quality of care, which is similar or improved when compared to care performed by the physician alone...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Tanja Kustec, Darja Keše, Irena Klavs
INTRODUCTION: To consider whether a revision of the national chlamydia surveillance system is needed, the objectives were to estimate the proportion of laboratory confirmed cases at the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology (IMI) not reported to the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH), and to assess the completeness of reporting for individual data items. METHODS: The dataset with information about the cases diagnosed at the IMI during 2007-2010, and the national chlamydia surveillance data at the NIPH, were linked using SOUNDEX code and the date of birth as unique identifier...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Ljiljana Vucic, Branislav Glisic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Uros Vucic, Jelena Drulovic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
INTRODUCTION: Dentofacial disorders may potentially significantly affect the quality of life. Objectives of this study were to validate translated and culturally adapted Orthognatic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) on a cohort of Serbian patients with malocclusions. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 111 consecutive patients with malocclusions, seen between December 2014 and February 2015 at the Clinic of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Maja Jakič, Danica Rotar Pavlič
INTRODUCTION: Globally, the number of immigrants is rising every year, so that the number of immigrants worldwide is estimated at 200 million. In Slovenia, immigrants comprise 6.5% of the overall population. Immigrants bring along to a foreign country their cultural differences and these differences can affect immigrants' overall health status and lead to chronic health conditions. The aim of this study was to identify patients' perception of general practitioners' (GPs') attitudes toward immigrants in Slovenia...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
David D Clarke
Medically unexplained symptoms and chronic functional syndromes are common but few healthcare professionals have had formal training about their connection to psychosocial issues. A systematic approach to diagnosis and treatment based on experience with over 7000 of these patients is described. Outcomes improve with assessment for and treatment of current life stresses, the prolonged impact of adversity in childhood and somatic presentations of depression, post-traumatic stress, and anxiety disorders.
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Vesna Zadnik, Tina Žagar, Maja Primic Žakelj
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients' survival is an extremely important but complex indicator for assessing regional or global inequalities in diagnosis practices and clinical management of cancer patients. The population-based cancer survival comparisons are available through international projects (i.e. CONCORD, EUROCARE, OECD Health Reports) and online systems (SEER, NORDCAN, SLORA). In our research we aimed to show that noticeable differences in cancer patients' survival may not always reflect the real inequalities in cancer care, but can also appear due to variations in the applied methodology for relative survival calculation...
June 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Ruža Pandel Mikuš, Vid Vičič, Raja Dahmane
AIM: Aiming at assessing sufficiency of energy/protein intake in hospitalized patients, the objective was to monitor and analyze actual food intake of patients hospitalized in three clinical wards of one of major Slovenian hospitals. METHODS: 53 patients were included in the study. Food intake was assessed 3 times daily from leftovers. Nutritional status was assessed with Nutritional Risk Screening tool 2002. The observed outcomes were percentage of energy coverage (PEC) and percentage of protein coverage (PPC)...
June 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Urška Dermota, Tomaž Jurca, Tatjana Harlander, Marta Košir, Urška Zajc, Majda Golob, Irena Zdovc, Irena Grmek Košnik
INTRODUCTION: According to the existing literature, a heterogeneous sequence type (ST) or clones of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) circulate in Europe. In Europe, the European clone that belongs to sequence type ST80 is predominant. METHODS: The aim of the study was to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and epidemiological data of CA-MRSA ST80 and its occurrence in Slovenia. We retrospectively analyzed those CA-MRSA isolates that were isolated during microbiological procedures in microbiological laboratories between 2006 and 2013...
June 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Zlatka Rakovec-Felser, Lea Vidovič
BACKGROUND: Several researches indicate that most child victims delay disclosing of sexual abuse for significant periods of time. There are numerous reasons as to why children are avoiding the disclosure of the abuse. The aim of this study was to determine how a mother's response to a child's allegations impacts the child's willingness to disclose sexual abuse. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative and qualitative analysis of 73 court-referred cases of child sexual abuse which have been disclosed in Slovenia in the last ten years...
June 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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