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Zdravstveno Varstvo

Nuška Čakš Jager, Mara Popović, Mateja Blaško Markič, Alenka Kraigher
Introduction: The objective was to present the results of surveillance of prion diseases in Slovenia that was established in 1996 and then to assess the interdisciplinary approach according to the algorithm of case management and reporting data to the National Register at the National Institute of Public Health. Methods: A descriptive study of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) recorded in the period from 1996 to 2017 was carried out. Results: A total of 123 cases of prion disease were notified between 1996 and 2017...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Renata Vidaković, Stjepan Špalj, Mladen Šlaj, Martina Šlaj, Višnja Katić
Introduction: The aims were: evaluation of the correlation between the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON); the assessment of orthodontic treatment need for schoolchildren in a population with two indices, separately for schoolchildren with mixed and permanent dentition; the estimation of the population share that could not receive orthodontic treatment because of the presence of caries and/or gingivitis. Methods: A total of 2652 Zagreb school children (7 - 19 years old, 52...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Irena Klavs, Tanja Kustec, Mojca Serdt, Jana Kolman
Introduction: The objective was to present the results of the Slovenian National surgical site infections (SSIs) surveillance system from 2013 to 2016 and to compare them to the reference data for the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries. Methods: Surveillance was conducted according to the Slovenian protocol consistent with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control protocol. Descriptive analyses were performed. Results: Data were collected for 1080 patients of whom 57...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Armin Paravlić, Saša Pišot, Petar Mitić
Purpose: The high rate of injury incidence and its severity is estimated to cause approximately 9% of global mortality, while a large proportion of people surviving their injuries experience temporary or permanent disabilities. To reduce the occurrence of disability and improve general health of survivors, a more comprehensive rehabilitation approach is needed. Motor imagery is recognized as the promising cognitive strategy to counteract impaired functional capacity of the neuromuscular system...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Mojca Dobnik, Matjaž Maletič, Brigita Skela-Savič
Background: Surveys conducted among healthcare workers revealed that nursing staff often face various stressors associated with occupational activities, which reduce their work efficiency. The aim of the study was to establish the level of stress in nurses working at hospitals in Slovenia and to identify stress-related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological design and a standardized instrument called the "Nursing stress scale" were used. The sample included 983 nurses from 21 Slovenian hospitals...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Željko Vojvodić, Danijela Daus Šebeđak
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine quantities of antibiotics used mainly or exclusively for urinary tract infections in Croatia between 2005 and 2014, to describe utilisation trends, and general consequences of antibiotic consumption on antimicrobial resistance. Methods: Antibiotic utilisation data were obtained from annual reports of both the Croatian Drug Agency and Croatian Academy of Medical Sciences. Antibiotic consumption was expressed in DDD/1000 inhabitants/day (DDD TID)...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Teodor Pevec, Aleksandra Pisnik
Introduction: Perceived value and its antecedents and consequences have been claimed to be important in industries with higher customer involvement. The aim of this paper is therefore to empirically assess the conceptual model, with perceived service value as its central component. It also investigates how it affects loyalty and satisfaction, how it is influenced by its antecedents, and to compare with other studies investigating partial relationship between variables. Methods: A total of 800 patients were enrolled in the main study, and the data was analysed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Anna Stefanowicz, Joanna Stefanowicz
Introduction: The aim of this literature review was to explore the views of parents and children with type 1 diabetes mellitus regarding having a school nurse. Methods: Six databases were selected for the analysis. The research strategy was based on the PICO model. The research participants were children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and/or their parents. Results: The present review of research papers includes 12 publications. The majority of works deal with the perspectives of children with type 1 diabetes and their parents on various aspects related to the role of a school nurse in the care of a child with type 1 diabetes:the presence of a school nurse;the role of a school nurse in the prevention and treatment of hypoglycaemia, in performing the measurements of blood glucose, and in insulin therapy;the role of a nurse in improving metabolic control of children with type 1 diabetes;a nurse as an educator for children with type 1 diabetes, classmates, teachers, teacher's assistants, principals, administrators, cafeteria workers, coaches, gym teachers, bus drivers, and school office staff;a nurse as an organiser of the care for children with type 1 diabetes...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Lea Penšek, Polona Selič
Background: Study aimed to assess the burnout prevalence and level of empathic attitude in family medicine doctors (FMDs) and its associations with demographic factors, working conditions and physician health, using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Health Professional version (JSE-HP). Methods: Slovenian FMDs (n=316, response rate 56%) completed an online socio-demographic questionnaire, with questions on working conditions, physician health, and the Slovenian versions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the JSE-HP...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Irena Zakarija-Grković, Davorka Vrdoljak, Venija Cerovečki
Introduction: There is a dearth of published literature on the organisation of family medicine/general practice undergraduate teaching in the former Yugoslavia. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was sent to the addresses of 19 medical schools in the region. Questions covered the structure of Departments of Family Medicine (DFM), organisation of teaching, assessment of students and their involvement in departmental activities. Results: Thirteen medical schools responded, of which twelve have a formal DFM...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Eva Gorup, Janez Rifel, Marija Petek Šter
Introduction: Anticholinergic burden in older adults has been correlated with cognitive decline, delirium, dizziness and confusion, falls and hospitalisations. Nevertheless, anticholinergic-acting medications remain commonly prescribed in up to a third of older adults in primary care population. Our aim was to study the anticholinergic burden in older adults in Slovenian ambulatory setting and explore the most commonly involved medications which could be avoided by the physicians. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 general practices in Slovenia as part of a larger trial...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Nataša Dernovšček Hafner, Damjana Miklič Milek, Metoda Dodič Fikfak
Introduction: Health-related absenteeism impacts individuals, companies, and society. Its consequences are reflected in the cost of benefits, substitutes, and reduced productivity. Research shows that musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common work-related health problem reported by hospital staff. This study determines the groups at the Ljubljana University Medical Centre that are most susceptible to MSDs, especially low back pain. Methods: Using data from the Health Data Centre of the Slovenian National Public Health Institute and the medical centre, this cross-sectional study analysed absenteeism among medical centre employees...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Iztok Devetak, Sonja Posega Devetak, Tina Vesel
Introduction: Poorly developed teachers' competences for managing children's allergies can pose a significant problem for the wellbeing of children in the preschool and school environment. The purpose of this study is to explore the attitudes and theoretical understanding of the management of allergic reactions in children among future teachers. Methods: A total of 572 future teachers participated in the study, 56% of whom were in the 1st year of undergraduate educational programmes, while 44% were in the 4th year...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Valentina Hlebec
Theory: The quality of long-term care services has an important effect on the quality of life of their users and their informal carers. By identifying gaps between provision of services and users' needs we can suggest adjustments of the long-term care services and advance their development. Method: The data from the first Slovenian national survey of social homecare (SHC) users and their informal carers was utilised. Linear regression analysis was used to evaluate factors that affect assessments of five-dimensional concept of access...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Gregor Veninšek, Branko Gabrovec
Introduction: To deliver quality management of a frail individual, a clinician should understand the concept of frailty, be aware of its epidemiology and be able to screen for frailty and assess it when it is present, and, finally, to recommend successful interventions. Methodology: A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl and UpToDate. The criterion in selecting the literature was that articles were published in the period from 2002 to 2017...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Marija Petek Šter, Ljiljana Cvejanov Kezunović, Milena Cojić, Davorina Petek, Igor Švab
Introduction: One of the aims of health care reform in Montenegro is to strengthen primary care. An important step forward is the implementation of specialty training in family medicine (FM). The aim of this article is to evaluate the implementation of specialty training in family medicine in Montenegro, regarding the content, structure and methods, by the first generation of trainees and the coordinator of the training. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by mail in July and August 2017 to all 26 eligible trainees who started specialty training in 2013...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Peter Bakalár, Martin Zvonar, Jaromir Sedlacek, Rut Lenkova, Peter Sagat, Lubos Vojtasko, Erika Liptakova, Miroslava Barcalova
Introduction: There is currently a strong scientific evidence about the negative health consequences of physical inactivity. One of the potential tools for promoting physical activity at the institutional level of the Ecological model is to create conditions and settings that would enable pupils, students and employees engage in some form of physical activity. However, physical activities as a subject are being eliminated from the study programs at Slovak universities. The purpose of the study was to find current evidence about the level of structured physical activity and health-related variables in university students in Košice...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Miha Lucovnik, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja, Ivan Verdenik, Irena Stucin Gantar
Objective: To examine the effects of various maternal and neonatal perinatal factors on the child's body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness at school-age. Methods: Data from two registries, the SLOfit database (a national surveillance system of children's motor and physical development) and Slovenian National Perinatal Information System (NPIS) were analysed. Perinatal data for 2,929 children born in 2008 were linked to results of SLOfit testing of these children in 2016...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Tjaša Hertiš, Tadej Petek, Nataša Marčun Varda
Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of prehypertensive and elevated blood pressure in the hypertensive range (elevated BP) and obtain some anthropometric measures in Slovene children and adolescents. Methods: In the cross-sectional study lasting one year, we measured BP using mercury sphygmomanometers, as well as height, weight, waist, and hip circumferences in schools. Data from regular check-ups (oscillometric measurements) were also added to increase the sample size...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Sanja Kanisek, Rudika Gmajnić, Ivana Barać
Introduction: The proper classification of sharp and infectious waste in situ by the healthcare workers is an important measure of prevention of sharps and other exposure incidents in non-healthcare workers, who handle such waste. The aim was to examine the practice of classifying sharp and infectious waste in family and dental practices. Methods: An analysis of 50 bags of infectious and 50 bags of municipal waste from five family and five dental practices for five days in October 2016 at the Health centre Osijek...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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