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Zdravstveno Varstvo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062402/the-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-adolescents-in-slovenia
#1
Simona Korenčan, Bojana Pinter, Mojca Grebenc, Ivan Verdenik
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to determine the course and outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth in adolescents compared to women aged 20-24 years in Slovenia. METHODS: In the retrospective study, the course of pregnancy and labour and the perinatal outcome of newborns in primiparous adolescents aged ≤19 years (study group) have been compared to the control group of primiparous women aged 20-24 years. The study group was further divided into a study subgroup of adolescents aged ≤17 years...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062401/validation-of-the-slovenian-version-of-multiple-sclerosis-quality-of-life-msqol-54-instrument
#2
Biljana Stern, Tanja Hojs Fabjan, Ksenija Rener-Sitar, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
PURPOSE: To cross-culturally adapt and validate Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54) instrument. METHODS: The study which enrolled 134 Slovenian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients was conducted from March to December 2013. The internal consistency of the MSQOL-54 instrument was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α), and its dimensionality assessed by the principal component analysis (PCA). RESULTS: The whole instrument had high internal consistency (α=0...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062400/self-perceived-stress-in-relation-to-anxiety-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-health-professions-students-a-cross-sectional-study-from-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#3
Maja Racic, Radica Todorovic, Nedeljka Ivkovic, Srdjan Masic, Bojan Joksimovic, Milan Kulic
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to examine self-perceived stress of health professions students at the Faculty of Medicine Foča, and to explore its association with anxiety, depression and health-related quality of life. METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 451 students at the Faculty of Medicine (medicine, dentistry, nursing and speech therapy). Survey instruments were distributed at the conclusion of the spring semester during the last required lecture for each year and study programme class...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062399/self-reported-hypoglycaemia-in-patients-treated-with-insulin-a-large-slovenian-retrospectively-prospective-study
#4
Draženka Pongrac Barlovič, Andrej Zavratnik, Aleš Skvarča, Karmen Janša, Bojana Vukelič, Marjeta Tomažič, Maja Ravnik Oblak
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycaemia is the major barrier for glycaemic target achievement in patients treated with insulin. The aim of the present study was to investigate real-world incidence and predictors of hypoglycaemia in insulin-treated patients. METHODS: More than 300 consecutive patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes treated with insulin were enrolled during regular out-patient visits from 36 diabetes practices throughout the whole country. They completed a comprehensive questionnaire on hypoglycaemia knowledge, awareness, and incidence in the last month and last six months...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062398/clinical-profile-and-management-of-patients-with-incident-and-recurrent-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-albania-a-call-for-more-focus-on-prevention-strategies
#5
Sokol Myftiu, Enxhela Sulo, Genc Burazeri, Bledar Daka, Ilir Sharka, Artan Shkoza, Gerhard Sulo
BACKGROUND: The clinical profile of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients reflects the burden of risk factors in the general population. Differences between incident (first) and recurrent (repeated) events and their impact on treatment are poorly described. We studied potential differences in the clinical profile and in-hospital treatment between patients hospitalised with an incident and recurrent AMI. METHODS: A total of 324 patients admitted in the Coronary Care Unit of 'Mother Teresa' hospital, Tirana, Albania (2013-2014), were included in the study...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062397/key-factors-determining-indoor-air-pm10-concentrations-in-naturally-ventilated-primary-schools-in-belgrade-serbia
#6
Branislava Matic, Uros Rakic, Verica Jovanovic, Snezana Dejanovic, Nela Djonovic
INTRODUCTION: Indoor air quality (IAQ) is rated as a serious public health issue. Knowing children are accounted as more vulnerable to environmental health hazards, data are needed on air quality in schools. METHODS: A project was conducted from 2007 until 2009 (SEARCH, School Environment and Respiratory Health of Children), aiming to verify links between IAQ and children's respiratory health. Study was conducted in ten primary schools on 735 children, in 44 classrooms...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062396/the-role-of-health-services-in-encouraging-disclosure-of-violence-against-women
#7
Vesna Leskošek, Miha Lučovnik, Lucija Pavše, Tanja Premru Sršen, Megie Krajnc, Ivan Verdenik, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the survey was to assess the differences in disclosure by the type of violence to better plan the role of health services in identifying and disclosing violence. METHODS: A validated, anonymous screening questionnaire (NorAQ) for the identification of female victims of violence was offered to all postpartum women at a single maternity unit over a three-month period in 2014. Response rate was 80% (1018 respondents). Chi square test was used for statistical analysis (p<0...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062395/implementing-quality-indicators-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia
#8
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Antonija Poplas Susič
INTRODUCTION: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. METHODS: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062394/patient-safety-culture-in-slovenian-out-of-hours-primary-care-clinics
#9
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety culture is a concept which describes how leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines and practices protect patients from adverse events in healthcare. We aimed to investigate patient safety culture in Slovenian out-of-hours health care (OOHC) clinics, and determine the possible factors that might be associated with it. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, which took place in Slovenian OOHC, as part of the international study entitled Patient Safety Culture in European Out-of-Hours Services (SAFE-EUR-OOH)...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062393/running-injuries-in-the-participants-of-ljubljana-marathon
#10
Luka Vitez, Petra Zupet, Vesna Zadnik, Matej Drobnič
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to determine the self-reported incidence and prevalence of running-related injuries among participants of the 18(th) Ljubljana Marathon, and to identify risk factors for their occurrence. METHODS: A customized questionnaire was distributed over registration. Independent samples of t-test and chi-square test were used to calculate the differences in risk factors occurrence in the injured and non-injured group. Factors which appeared significantly more frequently in the injured group were included further into multiple logistic regression analysis...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062392/jurisdiction-of-the-medical-ethics-committees
#11
Božidar Voljč
Ethical principles of assessing medical research are to the greatest extent defined by the Nuremberg Code, the Declarations of Geneva and Helsinki, and the Oviedo Convention. Pursuant to their directives various national Medical Ethics Committees (MECs) were established which assess the ethics of research according to the risk and benefit ratio of the persons involved. Following the example of other countries, medical ethics committees eventually appeared also in hospitals and some medical and educational institutions around Slovenia...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713448/survival-of-node-negative-breast-cancer-patients-treated-at-the-university-medical-centre-maribor-in-the-period-2000-2009
#12
Nina Fokter Dovnik, Darja Arko, Nina Čas Sikošek, Iztok Takač
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is increasingly diagnosed in the early stages without regional nodal involvement. The aim of the present study was to determine the 5-year overall (OS) and breast cancer specific survival (BCSS) for patients with node-negative breast cancer treated at the University Medical Centre Maribor, and compare it with survival at the national level. METHODS: Medical records were searched for information on patients with lymph node-negative invasive breast cancer who received primary treatment at the University Medical Centre Maribor in the period 2000-2009...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713447/knowledge-about-blood-borne-pathogens-and-the-prevalence-of-needle-stick-injuries-among-medical-students-in-serbia
#13
Vuk Marusic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Dragana Protic, Emilija Dubljanin-Raspopovic
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are mainly exposed to needle stick and sharp object injuries in the course of their clinical activities during studying. They are at high risk due to their undeveloped skills, restricted clinical experience, lack of knowledge and risk perception. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of needle stick injuries of the fourth and final year medical students, and to estimate their knowledge about blood-borne pathogens disease transmission and standard precautions...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713446/nasopharyngeal-carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-serotypes-indentified-among-nursing-home-residents-in-comparison-to-the-elderly-and-patients-younger-than-65-years-living-in-domestic-environment
#14
Maja Kolšek-Šušteršič, Andreja Beg Krasnič, Verica Mioč, Metka Paragi, Janez Rifel
INTRODUCTION: In Slovenia, there is little data available on pneumococcal vaccination rates and no data on asymptomatic NPCR and serotypes in the population of nursing home residents in comparison to the elderly living in domestic environment, therefore the goal was to gain these data. METHODS: A cross sectional epidemiological study was performed. Nasopharyngeal swabs from 151 nursing home residents, 150 elderly living in domestic environment, and 38 adults less than 65 years old were collected twice (in two consecutive years)...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713445/the-role-of-attitudes-to-and-the-frequency-of-domestic-violence-encounters-in-the-healthcare-professionals-handling-of-domestic-violence-cases
#15
Saša Zorjan, Urška Smrke, Lilijana Šprah
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is recognized as a public health problem with a high prevalence in the general population. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the recognition and treatment of domestic violence. Hence, conducting research on factors that facilitate or inhibit appropriate actions by healthcare professionals is of the upmost importance. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between healthcare professionals' attitudes toward the acceptability of domestic violence and their responses when dealing with victims of domestic violence...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713444/smoking-behaviors-in-kosova-results-of-steps-survey
#16
Sanije Gashi, Merita Berisha, Naser Ramadani, Musli Gashi, Josipa Kern, Aleksandar Dzakula, Silvije Vuletic
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use continues to be the leading global cause of preventable death. Most of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries, and this trend is expected to widen further over the next several decades. The overall objective of the study is to describe and analyse the smoking behaviours of adults in Kosova. METHODS: According to the STEPs methodology, 6,400 respondents, aged 15 - 64 years, are selected randomly within each sex and 10-year age-group...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713443/e-healthcare-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-slovenia
#17
Rade Iljaž, Andrej Brodnik, Tatjana Zrimec, Iztok Cukjati
BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring and web-based interventions are increasingly used in primary-care practices in many countries for more effective management of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). A new approach in treating patients with diabetes mellitus in family practices, based on ICT use and nurse practitioners, has been introduced and evaluated in this study. METHOD: Fifteen Slovene family practices enrolled 120 DM patients treated only with a diet regime and/or tablets into the study...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713442/overdiagnosis-an-unrecognised-and-growing-worldwide-problem-in-healthcare
#18
EDITORIAL
John Brodersen
Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of deviations, abnormalities, risk factors, and pathologies that in themselves would never cause symptoms (this applies only to risk factors and pathology), would never lead to morbidity, and would never be the cause of death. Therefore, treating an overdiagnosed condition (deviation, abnormality, risk factor, pathology) cannot, by definition, improve the patient's prognosis, and can therefore only be harmful. Overdiagnosis is an extremely harmful and big problem all over the world, and the problem is increasing...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289474/the-history-of-public-health-use-of-fluorides-in-caries-prevention
#19
Tea Šket, Andreja Kukec, Rok Kosem, Barbara Artnik
AIM: The aim of our study was to chronologically analyse various public health measures of fluoride use in caries prevention. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed database on the preventive role of fluorides in public health, published from 1984 to 2014. The search process was divided into four steps, where inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined. Qualitative methodology was used for the article analysis. In the research process, the described forms of F use, diversity of the described F agents, and the observed population group were analysed...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289473/assessment-of-the-association-between-dentate-status-and-self-rated-general-health
#20
Martin Ranfl, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
OBJECTIVE: Aiming at preparing the basis for evidence-based dental public health policy making in Slovenia, the objective of the study was to assess the strength of association between oral health status measured by the number of missing teeth and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: The study was designed as a pooled individual-level data study from four national cross-sectional studies carried out in the period 2001-2012, based on CINDI Health Monitor methodology...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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