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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703588/how-to-verify-and-manage-the-translational-plagiarism
#1
Viroj Wiwanitkit
The use of Google translator as a tool for determining translational plagiarism is a big challenge. As noted, plagiarism of the original papers written in Macedonian and translated into other languages can be verified after computerised translation in other languages. Attempts to screen the translational plagiarism should be supported. The use of Google Translate tool might be helpful. Special focus should be on any non-English reference that might be the source of plagiarised material and non-English article that might translate from an original English article, which cannot be detected by simple plagiarism screening tool...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703587/an-updated-mini-review-of-vitamin-d-and-obesity-adipogenesis-and-inflammation-state
#2
Zujaja-Tul-Noor Hamid Mehmood, Dimitrios Papandreou
Vitamin D related research continues to expand and theorise regarding its involvement in obesity, as both hypovitaminosis D and obesity strike in pandemic proportions. Vitamin D plays an important role in immune system through Vitamin D Receptors (VDR), which are transcription factors located abundantly in the body. Due to this characteristic, it is potentially linked to obesity, which is a state of inflammation involving the release of cytokines from adipose tissue, and exerting stress on other organs in a state of positive energy balance...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703586/venous-thromboembolism-current-diagnostic-and-treatment-modalities
#3
Marijan Bosevski, Elizabeta Srbinovska-Kostovska
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis, known as venous thromboembolism (VTE), are associated with a high proportion of morbidity and mortality. AIM: Aim of this review is to emphasise current diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for VTE. RESULTS: No differences have been noticed in European and American guidelines in diagnostic approach of this disorder. Today there is enough clinical information for the use of heparin (either, unfractionated or low molecular) and vitamin K antagonists in the treatment of acute and chronic phases of VTE...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703585/etiopathogenesis-of-differentiated-thyroid-carcinomas
#4
Tanja Makazlieva, Olivija Vaskova, Venjamin Majstorov
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid malignomas are a heterogeneous group of neoplasm consisting of most frequent differentiated encountered carcinomas, papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma, then medullary thyroid carcinoma originating from neuroendocrine calcitonin-producing C-cells and rare forms of thyroid lymphomas arising from intrathyroidal lymphatic tissue, thyroid sarcomas and poorly differentiated anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. There are increasing numbers of epidemiological studies and publications that have suggested increased incidence rate of thyroid carcinomas...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703584/the-role-of-levosimendan-in-patients-with-decreased-left-ventricular-function-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#5
Marija Bozhinovska, Gordana Taleska, Andrej Fabian, Maja Šoštarič
The postoperative low cardiac output is one of the most important complications following cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The condition requires inotropic support to achieve adequate hemodynamic status and tissue perfusion. While catecholamines are utilised as a standard therapy in cardiac surgery, their use is limited due to increased oxygen consumption. Levosimendan is calcium sensitising inodilatator expressing positive inotropic effect by binding with cardiac troponin C without increasing oxygen demand...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703583/a-worksite-health-education-workshop-as-empowerment-intervention-for-health-promotion-in-the-national-research-centre-of-egypt
#6
Nagat Mohamed Amer, Zeinab M Monir, Mai Sabry Saleh, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Salwa Farouk Hafez
AIM: The study aimed to assess worksite health education workshops as a successful tool for health promotion of employees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A one day workshop was held for individuals engaged in research activities in the National research Centre of Egypt at the worksite. Its main objective was to highlight the nature, causes, symptoms and management of job stress. Participants were asked to fill a personality assessment sheet, a self-reported questionnaire for job satisfaction...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703582/analysis-of-marketing-strategy-for-food-supplements-and-over-the-counter-medicines
#7
Marjan Dzeparoski, Suzana Trajkovic-Jolevska
Marketing strategy is correlated with the regulations for the corresponding product category. Accordingly, there is a big difference in the marketing strategy of food supplements and over-the-counter medicines. In this paper are presented 2 different marketing strategies of a new small pharmaceutical company in two studies. The findings of studies analysis can be used for developing marketing strategies in the wider sense and other products, for other small to medium sized companies in other countries of interest with similar regulations and help them understand how to position and promote themselves and their products...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703581/allostatic-load-assessment-for-early-detection-of-stress-in-the-workplace-in-egypt
#8
Ola Sayed Ali, Nadia Badawy, Sanaa Rizk, Hend Gomaa, Mai Sabry Saleh
AIM: Workplace stress is hazardous for its harmful impact on employees' health and organizational productivity. The aim of the study is to apply the Allostatic Load Index (ALI) which is a multi-component measure for health risk assessment and early detection of stress among workers in Egypt. METHODS: Sixty-two working adults randomly selected from two different working environments in Egypt were included in the study. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire for socio-demographic and work variables...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703580/managing-the-cutaneous-sinus-tract-of-dental-origine
#9
Edvard Janev, Enis Redzep
BACKGROUND: Draining cutaneous sinus tract in chin area may be caused by chronic periapical dental infections. Misdiagnosis of these lesions usually leads to destructive invasive treatment of the sinus tract that is not correct and curative. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old male patient referred to us with a chronically draining lesion on his chin. The lesion previously was misdiagnosed by medical doctors and had undergone two times surgery with a focus on the skin lesion and had received antibiotic therapy for a prolonged period of time...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703579/a-comparative-study-of-transbuccal-and-extraoral-approaches-in-the-management-of-mandibular-angle-fractures-a-systematic-review
#10
Sabah Ali Beza, Sayed Attia, Edward Ellis, Layla Omara
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the extraoral and transbuccal approaches for the treatment of mandibular angle fractures with regard to postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An electronic search for relevant articles without language and date restrictions was performed in July 2016. Inclusion criteria were studies in humans including randomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), prospective studies (PS), and retrospective studies (RS)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703578/a-comparative-clinical-study-of-the-effect-of-denture-cleansing-on-the-surface-roughness-and-hardness-of-two-denture-base-materials
#11
Amani Ramadan Moussa, Wessam Mohamed Dehis, Asmaa Nabil Elboraey, Hisham Samir ElGabry
AIM: This study aimed to verify the influence of oral environment and denture cleansers on the surface roughness and hardness of two different denture base materials. METHODS: A total of sixteen identical removable disc specimens (RDS) were processed. Eight RDS were made from heat-cured acrylic resin (AR) and the other eight were fabricated from thermoplastic injection moulded resin (TR). Surface roughness and hardness of DRS were measured using ultrasonic profilometry and Universal testing machine respectively...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703577/midfacial-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#12
Aala Emara, Adel Abou ElFetouh, Maha Hakam, Basma Mostafa
AIM: Different lesions affecting the midfacial regions require surgical reconstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the different methods used in midfacial reconstruction after maxillectomy procedures. The various reported surgical reconstructive techniques focusing on the esthetic and functional outcomes are to be reviewed in this article. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A thorough PUBMED and hand-search of journals of relevance was performed on related terms and yielded 772 titles of which 45 abstracts were selected and obtained as full articles for further evaluation while the rest were excluded by title/abstract...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703576/characterization-and-cytotoxicity-analysis-of-a-ciprofloxacin-loaded-chitosan-bioglass-scaffold-on-cultured-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-a-preliminary-report
#13
Maha I Abdelfattah, Sherine A Nasry, Amani A Mostafa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the cytotoxicity of ciprofloxacin (CIP) loaded on chitosan bioactive glass scaffold on human periodontal ligament stem cells (PLSCs) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PLSCs obtained from human third molars, cultures treated with medium containing 15 x 15 mm chitosan/bioactive glass scaffolds without/with different concentration 0, 5, 10, and 20 % of CIP. A total of 15 x 10^3 cells were plated in 6 well plates. The attached cells of each group were harvested from the plates after 1, 4 and 8 days of culture to detect the viability of cells...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703575/mental-health-legislation-and-involuntary-hospitalization-in-the-republic-of-macedonia
#14
Nensi Manuševa, Slavica Arsova, Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Antoni Novotni, Branislav Stefanovski, Marija Raleva
As psychiatrists, we are often obliged to provide non-consensual treatment. This institute comprises the rights of the patients with mental health disorders. The aim of this paper is to explain the contemporary mental health legislation in our country the Republic of Macedonia and the problems with the implementation of involuntary hospitalisation. This could be overcome with close cooperation between the judicial and health care system.
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703574/aortic-annular-enlargement-during-aortic-valve-replacement
#15
Selman Dumani, Ermal Likaj, Laureta Dibra, Stavri Llazo, Ali Refatllari
In the surgery of aortic valve replacement is always attempted, as much as possible, to implant the larger prosthesis with the mains goals to enhance the potential benefits, to minimise transvalvular gradient, decrease left ventricular size and avoid the phenomenon of patient-prosthesis mismatch. Implantation of an ideal prosthesis often it is not possible, due to a small aortic annulus. A variety of aortic annulus enlargement techniques is reported to avoid patient-prosthesis mismatch. We present the case that has submitted four three times open heart surgery...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703573/enduring-personality-changes-after-intense-stressful-event-case-report
#16
Slavica Arsova, Nensi Manusheva, Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Stojan Bajraktarov
BACKGROUND: World statistical data show that a large number of individuals suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to the intense traumatic event. PTSD can have a chronic course with enduring changes in the functioning of the person. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report two adult individuals of different gender and education who were exposed to the extremely severe stressful event after which difficulties in psychological functioning developed...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703572/cytomegalovirus-infection-during-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-the-intrauterine-fetal-development-case-report
#17
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Nikolai Todorov
AIM: The aim of this publication is to present a case of CMV infection during pregnancy, with clinical manifestations of the development of microcephaly and simultaneous dilatation of the 3rd and 4th brain ventricle at 23 weeks gestation. This article discusses the role of ultrasound screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 25-year-old woman with the initials S.K. in her second pregnancy that came to our antenatal Consulting Centre...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703571/the-role-of-rehabilitation-in-the-management-of-patients-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-report-of-two-cases
#18
Erieta Nikolikj Dimitrova, Ivana Božinovikj, Simona Ristovska, Aleksandra Hadzieva Pejcikj, Aleksandra Kolevska, Mirjeta Hasani
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a hereditary disease with signs of chronic non-progressive motor-sensory neuropathy which is characterised by symmetric muscle atrophy and weakness of the distal portion of lower extremities. AIM: The aim is to present two cases with peroneal muscular atrophy, applied rehabilitation procedures and rehabilitation outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient DR, aged 51, and patient KH, aged 78. Both patients had weakness and pronounced atrophy of the distal portion of lower extremities, numbness down the legs, contractures in the ankles and walking difficulties...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703570/two-pregnancies-with-a-different-outcome-in-a-patient-with-alport-syndrome
#19
Biljana Gerasimovska Kitanovska, Vesna Gerasimovska, Vesna Livrinova
BACKGROUND: Alport syndrome is a genetic disease that progresses to chronic kidney failure, with X-linked, autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive type of inheritance. Women are generally carriers of the mutation and have a milder form of the disease. During pregnancy, they have an increased risk of impaired kidney function and preeclampsia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year old woman, gravida 1, para 0, in her 23rd gestational week came to the outpatient unit of the University Clinic of Nephrology for the first time because of slowly progressing proteinuria and Alport syndrome...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703569/heart-failure-predictors-in-a-group-of-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#20
Sokol Myftiu, Petrit Bara, Ilir Sharka, Artan Shkoza, Xhina Belshi, Edlira Rruci, Gentian Vyshka
AIM: The present study considers of the prevalence of heart failure (HF) in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the University Hospital Centre of Tirana (UHCT) "Mother Theresa"; the demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample during hospitalization; and the main predictors of heart failure occurrence inside the group of patients suffering an AMI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a period of study from 2013-2015 we studied demographic and clinical data from 587 consecutive patients presenting with AMI; Framingham criteria were adopted for classifying patients with HF upon admission...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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