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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

Mojgan Forootan, Homayoun Zojaji, Mohammad Javad Ehsani, Mohammad Darvishi
PH monitoring is not capable of detecting all types of reflux, especially when the amount of acid is very low or not at all in the refluxate. Multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) is used as a new method to assess bolus transport. The types of reflexes including acid, weak acid and weak alkaline MII-pH is capable of distinguishing more reflux episodes based upon use of physical and chemical parameters of the refluxate, leads to a diagnosis of normal acid reflux from abnormal nonacidic reflux...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Wan-Tsien Bong, Chai-Eng Tan
BACKGROUND: Parental anxiety regarding fever may be unwarranted as most cases are owing to self-limiting causes. AIM: To assess the level of knowledge and concerns regarding childhood fever among parents with young children in a public health clinic in Kuching, East Malaysia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among parents recruited from a maternal and child health clinic, with children aged 6 months to 6 years. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding their knowledge and concerns about childhood fever...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nagat M Amer, Zeinab Monir, Salwa Farouk Hafez, Sally Mostafa, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Mai Sabry Saleh
BACKGROUND: Occupational-stress, job-satisfaction and poor health outcomes are closely related and strongly pertain to individuals' mental health and physiological well-being. Falsification of Type is a growing term in the field of organisational psychology that measures occupational stress when working in a job that does not match one's, natural leader. AIM: The present work aims at determining the prevalence of falsification of type and associated socio-demographic and work-related factors...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Laurence de Fernelmont, Sven Van Laere, Dirk Devroey
BACKGROUND: Belgian family physicians use several local and international sources for evidence-based medicine (EBM). AIM: This study aims to investigate the quality of these EBM sources according to the Belgian family physicians. METHODS: A sample of Belgian family physicians completed a digital survey on the quality of EBM sources. RESULTS: Respondents evaluated the quality of the information for the major part of the local and international EBM sources good to excellent...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Stanislava Harizanova, Rumyana Stoyanova, Nonka Mateva
AIM: This study examined the relationship between personality characteristics and burnout syndrome among Bulgarian correctional officers. METHODS: The cross-sectional study took place through individual, voluntary and anonymous interviewing of 307 employees from three district prisons. Maslach burnout inventory, Eysenck personality questionnaire and demographic characteristics were administered. RESULTS: The personality predictors of emotional exhaustion were low emotional stability and low level of dimension extraversion...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Hamed Mortazavi, Mahdi Hares Abadi, Leili Moayed
BACKGROUND: The sexual desire in the middle-aged and senior women is one of the factors affecting their quality of life and psychological well-being. AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the sexual desire and related factors among married women aged 50-70 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 210 married menopausal women aged 50-70 years were selected by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using a demographic profile questionnaire and Sexual Desire Inventory (SDI), and analysed by SPSS version 22 software using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient tests...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Claudio Marasca, Maria Carmela Annunziata, Sara Cacciapuoti, Mariateresa Cantelli, Fabrizio Martora, Silvestro Scotti, Luigi Sparano, Gabriella Fabbrocini
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a skin chronic inflammatory disease typically located in several areas such as perianal, inguinal and axillary regions. In 40% to 70% of cases, general practitioners (GPs) are the first health care professionals consulted by patients suffering from HS. The role of GPs in HS management could be more substantial than it has been in the past. AIM: We developed a questionnaire to assess the knowledge of HS by GPs and to evaluate if in their perception the dermatologist is the reference medical doctor for pathology above...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Seyed Ziauddin Tabei, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Doctor-patient relationship [DPR] refers to verbal and non-verbal communication between doctor and patient, which is of great importance in consultation sessions. AIM: Therefore, the present study attempts to explore the importance and value of DPR in Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The method used in the study was conventional content analysis. The data were collected from 21 faculty members (FMs) of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Shiraz, Iran, who participated in three focus group discussions (FGDs)...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Megha Gupta
BACKGROUND: Dental caries has continued to be the major oral disease in the past, as well as the present scenario. Cariogenic sugars in the presence of specific bacteria Streptococcus mutans over a period have been attributed as the major etiologic agent for dental caries. The association between sugar consumption and dental caries has been well documented. AIM: Hence, the dental profession shares an interest in the search for safe, palatable sugar substitutes. METHODS: Therefore, the use of a suitable sugar substitute can help in combating dental caries...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Heba M Dehis, Mona S Fayed
BACKGROUND: Teeth impaction has become a common problem faced by orthodontic clinicians with the greatest incidence reported among third molars and maxillary canines. The great challenge lies in successfully treating these cases without deleteriously affecting the impacted as well as adjacent teeth while achieving acceptable functional and esthetic results. Several etiological factors have been associated with impactions including the presence of an odontome which is an asymptomatic odontogenic hamartomatous lesion...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sathish Abraham, Disha Lalit Mehta, Shashidhar C Bellad, Sayli Patil, Aradhana Babu Kamble, Salil Chaudhari
AIM: This study aimed at assessing the trends of publications of Indian Endodontists in the field of rotary Endodontics in the PubMed database from 2000-2017. METHODS: The date of publication was set from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2017, wherein keywords entered in the advanced search were "Indian" AND "Dental" AND "Rotary Endodontics". From the collected articles the following criteria were noted: year of publication, the name of the journal, status of the journal, name of the first author, state of origin and the rotary Endodontic file system used...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ivanka Temelkova, Uwe Wollina, Veronica Di Nardo, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Lipomas are benign formations with the mesenchymal origin, which are found in the head and neck region in a very small percentage of cases. In these cases, they usually occur in the posterior neck and usually grow very slowly without causing complaints. However, when they cover the front of the neck, it is necessary to confirm the adipose origin of a tumour and to exclude the connection with the thyroid gland. Although in principle, lipomas are benign, there are three more unfavourable possibilities of 1) malignancy of lipomas, 2) the occurrence of de novo liposarcomas or 3) the association of lipomas with other tumours, such as retinoblastoma...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mergita Ferizi, Antigona Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi
BACKGROUND: Behçet's syndrome is associated with inflammation of various areas of the body. Sy. Behcet is a rare, chronic, recurrent disease characterised by changes in the: Arteries that supply blood to the body's tissues, veins that take the blood back to the lungs, the back of the eye's retina, brain, joints, skin and bowels. There is a close correlation between the geographical distribution of HLA-B51 and its prevalence. In the etiopathogenesis, there are indications of genetic susceptibility associated with environmental influence...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Uwe Wollina, Jacqueline Schönlebe
BACKGROUND: Dermal cylindroma is a rare benign skin tumour. CASE REPORT: We report a giant stalked, mush-room-like cylindroma of the head-and-neck region in a 73-year-old female patient. A tumour was surgically removed, and the defect could be closed by a cheek transposition flap. CONCLUSION: The mushroom-like growth pattern has yet not been described for cylindroma.
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Alireza Kamali, Ronak Azadfar, Shirin Pazuki, Maryam Shokrpour
AIM: This study aimed to compare the effect of Dexmedetomidine and fentanyl as an adjuvant to lidocaine 5% in spinal anaesthesia to increase post-operative analgesia among women candidates for elective caesarean. METHODS: Eighty-four pregnant women candidates for caesarian were randomly divided into fentanyl and Dexmedetomidine groups. In the first group, 25 μg fentanyl was added to lidocaine 5% while in the second group, 0.5 μg per kilogram Dexmedetomidine was added to lidocaine 5%...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ali Arash Anoushirvani, Laila Poorsaadat, Reza Aghabozorgi, Maryam Kasravi
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy is the most important side effect limiting the use of this medication. AIM: This study aimed to compare the effects of omega-3 and vitamin E on the incidence of peripheral neuropathy in patients receiving Taxol. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 63 patients who were a candidate for receiving taxol, were enrolled based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. In group O, patients received 640 mg omega-3 three times a day, and group E, received 300 mg vitamin E two times a day...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Shahriar Sakhaei, Hassan Ebrahimpour Sadagheyani, Soryya Zinalpoor, Abdolah Khorami Markani, Hossein Motaarefi
BACKGROUND: Respiratory system, together with the cardiovascular and central nervous system, is responsible for all processes related to oxygenation and hemodynamics and the defect in the functioning of each of these systems, along with ageing, can have mutual effects on their performance and physiological symptoms. The use of Pursed-lips Breathing (PLB) training is an essential part of the treatment of patients with the obstructive pulmonary disease, PLB stimulates the autonomic nervous system and causes relaxation and improvement of physiological parameters...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Andrea Ballini, Luigi Santacroce, Stefania Cantore, Lucrezia Bottalico, Gianna Dipalma, Danila De Vito, Rajiv Saini, Francesco Inchingolo
BACKGROUND: Urogenital recurrent infections represent a global medical issue in the world, affecting millions of women because of dramatic shifts in bacterial composition and concentrations in response to numerous endogenous and exogenous factors. Urogenital microbiota forms a mutually beneficial relationship with their host and has a major impact on health and disease. AIM: This study aimed to compare probiotic therapy versus placebo in Oxidative Stress Values (OSVs) and histological features in urogenital infections in female patients...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mona Al-Ahmad, Jasmina Nurkic, Ahmed Maher, Nermina Arifhodzic, Edin Jusufovic
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data related to real life, long-term safety, tolerability and compliance of omalizumab treatment in asthma patients beyond 6 years. AIM: Study aimed to assess safety, tolerability, compliance and all reasons for treatment discontinuation during 10 years on omalizumab. SUBJECT AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational study of uncontrolled asthma patients receiving omalizumab for the last 10 years. All data were collected from patients' files (demographics, adverse events, comorbidities, compliance index, reasons for discontinuation of omalizumab)...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Abolfazl Jokar, Peyman Khademhosseini, Koroosh Ahmadi, Alireza Sistani, Mohammad Amiri, Arash Gorji Sinaki
BACKGROUND: Renal stones are the third common disease of the urinary system after infections and diseases of the prostate. One of the most common manifestations of this disease after acute pain is nausea and vomiting. AIM: To compare the efficacy of metoclopramide and ondansetron in improving nausea and vomiting in patients referred to the emergency department with a chief complaint of nausea and vomiting. METHODS: This randomised double-blind clinical trial was conducted on patients referred to the emergency department of Vali-e Asr Hospital...
October 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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