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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

Aleksandra Janchevska, Aleksandar Dimovski, Kristina Mironska, Velibor Tasic, Zoran Gucev
BACKGROUND: Small for gestational age children (SGA) is born on term with BW and or BL of -2.0 standard deviation score (SDS). SGA children have an increased risk of being short, developing DM, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Often defects of IGF1R are the cause of SGA. Most frequently affected part of the IGF1R gene is the exon 2. AIM: To investigate whether the exon 2 of the IGF1R gene is affected in the SGA children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 100 SGA children born in term was evaluated for alterations in IG1R gene...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Azar Darvishpour, Soheila Mazloum Vajari, Sara Noroozi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second cause of cancer-related death among women. Prevention programs insist on the early diagnosis and screening to reduce the mortality rate. AIM: The study was conducted to determine the predictors of breast cancer screening behaviours based on the health belief model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted by involving 304 women ranging from 20 to 65 years of age, living in East Guilan cities, the North of Iran, in 2015 using two-stage cluster sampling...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Queeneth Ndukwe Kalu, Oboko Oboko Oku, Ini-Abasi Udo Ilori
BACKGROUND: Rising trend in Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in developing countries often result in sudden death, which are largely preventable through effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Most communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, however, lack access to CPR services, due to a deficiency in requirements for the establishment of such services. These requirements can be grouped into a triad of awareness, infrastructure and capacity building. AIM: This study was aimed at assessing the perceived need and recommendations for improvement in CPR services in Cross River State...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sultan H Al-Rashidi, Adel A Albahouth, Waleed A Althwini, Abdullah A Alsohibani, Abdulmejeed A Alnughaymishi, Abdulamlaik A Alsaeed, Fahad H Al-Rashidi, Salem Almatrafi
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of various errors of refraction among the medical students studying at the college of medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at Qassim University clinics over a period of two months. The study population comprised 162 male and female students from different academic years. The students were selected randomly so that around 35-40 students were taken from each academic class...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Magdalena Platikanova, Petya Hristova, Hristina Milcheva
AIM: This paper aims to create a mathematical model for forecasting the morbidity of the population in the Republic of Bulgaria and the Stara Zagora Municipality in particular as a consequence of the atmospheric pollution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This model is based on a formula which determines the correlation between the average annual concentrations of atmospheric pollutants SO2 , PM10 , Pb aerosols, NO2 and H2 S) and the morbidity of the population based on the number of people who visited their GPs in a relation with a chronic health problem or emergency condition and the number of hospitalisations in two age groups (newborn to 17 years olds and 18 and older) as well as for the entire population in the period 2009-2013, making it possible to predict morbidity levels...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Gentian Zikaj, Gjergji Belba, Gezim Xhepa
INTRODUCTION: Hand burns occur commonly both as part of larger burn injuries as well as isolated injuries. AIM: To give an overview of epidemiologic features and outcome of burn hand patients who admitted to our Service. This study was performed at University Hospital Center "Mother Teresa" Tirana which is the only tertiary hospital in Albania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included all patients who had combustion of the hands solely or hands accompanied with burns to other areas of the body, treated and followed up at our service during the years 2011-2016...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Rumyana Stoyanova, Rositsa Dimova, Miglena Tarnovska, Tatyana Boeva
BACKGROUND: Patient safety (PS) is one of the essential elements of health care quality and a priority of healthcare systems in most countries. Thus the creation of validated instruments and the implementation of systems that measure patient safety are considered to be of great importance worldwide. AIM: The present paper aims to illustrate the process of linguistic validation, cross-cultural verification and adaptation of the Bulgarian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (B-HSOPSC) and its test-retest reliability...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Seyed Saied Mazloomi-Mahmoodabad, Seyed Alireza Afshani, Nahid Ardian, Ali Vaezi, Seyed Ali Asghar Refahi
AIM: The present study sought to explore the experiences of participants in divorce process according to the theory of planned behaviour. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted using content analysis method. In this research, 27 participants involved in the divorce process were selected. The data were coded, and the qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Based on four constructs of the theory of planned behaviour, the subcategories of instrumental attitude were "Divorce as the last solution" and "Divorce as damage for individuals and society"...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mushabab Ayed Alghamdi, Abdel Gaffar AbdelAllah Mohammed
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis in a sample of 141 health professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 141 health professionals (medical, surgical, primary health care and nursing departments) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study in the period from August 2017 to November 2017. The participants completed a questionnaire composed of 19 questions about osteoporosis which covering the main domains of knowledge on osteoporosis...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Amin Mirzaei, Heshmatollah Nourmoradi, Mohammad Sadegh Abedzadeh Zavareh, Mohsen Jalilian, Morteza Mansourian, Sajad Mazloomi, Neda Mokhtari, Fariba Mokhtari
BACKGROUND: Every year many people around the world become infected with food-borne infections. Insufficient knowledge and skills related to food safety and hygiene are among the factors affecting the incidence of food-borne diseases, especially in adolescents. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and practices associated with food safety and hygiene in Ilam city male adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and eighty of male adolescents aged 13 to 19 were selected randomly and entered the cross-sectional study...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ubong Bassey Akpan, Udeme Asibong, Henry Chima Okpara, Emmanuel Monjok, Saturday Etuk
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that administration of anthelmintic drugs in pregnancy can reduce the incidence of maternal anaemia; however, data on other maternal and perinatal outcomes are limited. AIM: This study was therefore conducted to evaluate the direct impact of mass deworming on delivery and perinatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 560 healthy pregnant women in their second trimester were randomised to receive a single dose of oral mebendazole (500 mg) and placebo...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Biljana Ilievska-Poposka, Maja Zakoska, Vladimir Mitreski
BACKGROUND: Directly observed therapy (DOT) is a specific strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization in 1994 to improve adherence by requiring health workers, community volunteers or family members to observe and record tuberculosis (TB) patients for taking each dose. The implementation of DOT strategy in the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) in Macedonia was introduced in 2006 and was realised by 6 nurses engaged through the Project of Global Fund against HIV/AID and TB. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate how these visits conducted by the DOT nurses engaged through the GF were accepted by TB patients and to evaluate the impact on the treatment outcomes...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Muneera Abdulaziz AlSheeha
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in the rate of cesarean deliveries, with the higher morbidity and mortality. Few published data on cesarean delivery exist in Qassim, Kingdom Saudi Arabia (KSA). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, type, indications, maternal and perinatal outcomes of cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted during three months (August-October 2016) at Maternity and Children's Hospital (MCH), Buraidah, Qassim, KSA...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mahsa Mousavi, Mohsen Shahriari, Mehrdad Salehi, Shahnaz Kohan
BACKGROUND: Communicating with adolescents is associated with many challenges for parents and healthcare providers. AIM: This qualitative study was conducted for exploring the sense of belonging in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: In this study, deep semi-structured interviews were carried out with 27 adolescent girls, 10 experts, and 10 parents. Purposeful sampling was used and continued until data saturation. The data were coded and categorised through a conventional content analysis method by MAXQDA 10...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Basma Mostafa, Mai Zakaria
AIM: The present study aims to assess the therapeutic effect of the combination of topical ozone and steroid therapy in comparison to topical ozone alone versus topical steroid as a control in the management of atrophic - erosive oral lichen planus (OLP). METHODS: Sixty-six patients are having atrophic-erosive OLP were included in the study. They were randomly divided into three equal groups to be treated with topical corticosteroids alone (steroid group) as control, topical ozone alone (ozone group) or combination of topical steroids and ozone (combined group)...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Julijana Nikolovska, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Aneta Mijoska, Lidija Popovska
BACKGROUND: Oral health care management among the elderly differs from the rest of the population, due to some specific physiological changes and general health status related to age. We know very little about the oral health in elderly in the Republic of Macedonia, because there are only a few articles published about dental health status and edentulism of this population. AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the prosthodontic status of older adults over 65 years in the Republic of Macedonia, about their socio-economic status and individual factors...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Milaim Sejdini, Sabetim Çerkezi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to find the prevalence of Hypodontia and Hyperdontia in different ethnicities in patients from 7 to 14 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 520 children were included aged 7 to 14 years, only the children who went to primary schools. Controls were performed by professional people to preserve the criteria of orthodontic abnormalities evaluation. The data were recorded in the individual card specially formulated for this research and all the patients suspected for hypodontia and hyperdontia the orthopantomography for confirmation was made...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Noni Novisari Soeroso, Rozaimah Zain-Hamid, Bintang Y M Sinaga, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Tamsil Syafiuddin, Elisna Syahruddin, Gino Tann, Erna Mutiara
AIM: This research aimed to analyse the relationship between CYP2A6 gene polymorphism with nicotine dependence and its relation to the number of cigarette consumption among Bataknese smokers. METHOD: This study was a cross-sectional study involving 140 research subjects in Medan, Indonesia. RESULTS: Nicotine dependence rates were found to be significantly associated with the number of cigarette consumption expressed in the Brinkman Index. CONCLUSION: The *1A wild-type alleles have a greater risk of high-very high dependence rate compared to the other variants...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Lu Fang
Nowadays, more and more Chinese medicine practices are applied in the world and popularizing that becomes an urgent task. To meet the requiremets, an increasing number of Chinese - English traditional medicine dictionaries have been produced at home or abroad in recent decades. Nevertheless, the users are still struggling to spot the information in dictionaries. What traditional medicine dictionaries are needed for the English speakers now? To identify an entry model for online TCM dictionaries, I compared the entries in five printed traditional medicine dictionaries and two online ones...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ivanka Temelkova, Konstantin Stavrov, Irina Yungareva, Uwe Wollina, Hristo Mangarov, Atanas Radinoff, Tanya Naskova Popova, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Blue nevus is an interesting finding, which aetiology and risk of locoregional and distant metastasis have not yet been fully clarified. It may be inherited or acquired, with sporadic cases usually presented as solitary lesions. It is often localised in the area of the head and less often on the arms, legs or trunk. Blue nevi are formations with relatively low but still possible potential for switching to melanoma. CASE REPORT: The patient we described was hospitalised for pronounced cyanosis of the small toe of the right foot, accompanied by painful symptoms at rest and pain symptoms for a few weeks...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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