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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338006/pain-the-neglect-issue-in-old-people-s-life
#1
Maryam Noroozian, Shima Raeesi, Rezvan Hashemi, Leila Khedmat, Zahra Vahabi
BACKGROUND: As the elderly population increases dramatically, the chronic age-related disease should be noted. In the elderly, chronic pain is a common health problem. METHODS: This search was performed in 3 databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase). We have reviewed articles related to pain management in the elderly. RESULT: The prevalence of pain in people aged above 60 is twice that in younger people. Pain is estimated to be 45-85 per cent in the elderly...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338005/the-intervention-of-community-role-for-improving-health-status-of-pregnant-women-suffering-hiv-aids-in-medan
#2
Siti Saidah Nasution, Erniyati Erniyati
AIM: This research was aimed to analyse the influence of the intervention towards the pregnancy health status of the HIV-AIDS patients. METHODS: The type of the experiment is a quasi-experiment, and statistically analysed with SPSS 17. The data collection was held by spreading questionnaires and conducting interviews. The sample of the research consists of 39 pregnant mothers with HIV-AIDS in Medan, Indonesia. The intervention provided counselling about the treatment for expectant mothers with HIV-AIDS involving the community...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338004/the-model-of-self-care-behaviour-and-the-relationship-with-quality-of-life-metabolic-control-and-lipid-control-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-binjai-city-indonesia
#3
Rina Amelia
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a type of chronic disease with exceptional medical care for a patient's lifetime, which ultimately requires lifestyle and behavioural adjustments to prevent complications to death. Patients with good self-care behaviour will cause diabetes to be controlled to avoid complications to death and make patients have a better quality of life. AIM: This study aims (1) to determine the model of self-care behaviour in Type 2 diabetes patients in Binjai City (2) to analyse the effect of self-care behaviour on quality of life, metabolic control and lipid control of Type 2 diabetes patients in Binjai City...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338003/the-relationship-between-lifestyle-health-promotion-lifestyle-profile-ii-and-high-blood-pressure-in-university-students
#4
G├╝lden Aynaci, Ozlem Akdemir
BACKGROUND: Identifying and controlling systemic arterial blood pressure is important in young people, and it is possible to reduce the frequency of systemic arterial hypertension by improving the lifestyle. AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and systemic blood pressure in university students. MATERIALS: The study sample consisted of 200 university students from a state university in Edirne...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338002/contemporary-dental-ceramic-materials-a-review-chemical-composition-physical-and-mechanical-properties-indications-for-use
#5
REVIEW
Emilija Bajraktarova-Valjakova, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Biljana Kapusevska, Nikola Gigovski, Cvetanka Bajraktarova-Misevska, Anita Grozdanov
BACKGROUND: The high esthetic expectations from the prosthodontic restorations have directed the qualitative development of the materials towards the all-ceramic materials that are capable of replacing porcelain-fused-to-metal systems. AIM: This article reviews the literature covering the contemporary all-ceramic materials and systems with a focus on the chemical composition and materials' properties; also it provides clinical recommendations for their use. RESULTS: The glass-matrix ceramics and polycrystalline ceramics are presented, as well as recently introduced machinable materials, all-zirconia and resin-matrix ceramics...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338001/detection-of-virus-herpes-simplex-type-1-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontal-disease
#6
Marija Ivanovska-Stojanoska, Mirjana Popovska, Violeta Anastasovska, Mirjana Kocova, Lidita Zendeli-Bedzeti, Cena Dimova, Angela Taseva
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is an inflammatory-destructive condition of the supporting tissues of the teeth. Microorganisms found in the dental plaque were considered to be the primary local etiologic factor responsible for the periodontal destruction. It is also evident that herpes simplex viruses may have an impact in the etiopathogenesis of periodontal disease. AIM: This study has been made with the aim to analyse the prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in the dental plaque (supra- and subgingival) of patients with the chronic periodontal disease...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338000/the-effect-of-the-use-of-different-types-of-cement-and-zirconium-post-systems-on-endondontically-treated-teeth
#7
Vesna Jurukovska-Shotarovska, Biljana Kapusevska, Biljana Evrosimovska
BACKGROUND: Prefabricated zirconium upgrading systems were examined to satisfy aesthetic needs in endodontically treated teeth. Endodontically treated teeth, together with non-metallic posts and superstructure, are substructures that enable the production of prosthetic structures that will allow aesthetics, resulting from normal light transmission. To investigate and analyse the retention of zirconium post systems cemented with RelyX Unicem 2 Automix (RLX) cement with Pull-out test. AIM: To examine the retention of zirconium post systems, cemented with Multi-Link Automix (MLA) cement and RelyX Unicem 2 Automix (RLX) cement with Pull-out test...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337999/nano-hydroxyapatite-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-efficiently-promote-odontogenic-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#8
Ahmed Khaled Hanafy, Souzy F Shinaishin, Ghada Nour Eldeen, Riham M Aly
BACKGROUND: There has been an urge to shift from conventional therapies to the more promising regenerative strategy since conventional treatment relies on synthetic materials to fill defects and replace missing tissues, lacking the ability to restore the tissues' physiological architecture and function. AIM: The present study focused on the assessment of the role of two commonly used biomaterials namely; mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and nano hydroxy-apatite as promoters of odontogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs)...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337998/knowledge-and-awareness-towards-occupational-hazards-and-preventive-measures-among-students-and-dentists-in-jazan-dental-college-saudi-arabia
#9
Redhwan A Al-Aslami, Fahiem M M Elshamy, Essamet M Maamar, Ali Y Shannaq, Abdulaziz E Dallak, Abdulmohssen A Alroduni
AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the level of awareness and occupational hazards of dental students and professionals who are working at dental college and hospital, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data has been collected through a self-administrated questionnaire with closed questions. The questionnaire consisted of questions on personal information like age, gender, years of experience and awareness of occupational hazards, seminar attendance, safety measures practised, and experience of occupational hazard while in practice...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337997/reasons-for-and-barriers-to-attending-continuing-education-activities-and-priorities-for-different-dental-specialties
#10
Muhammad Nazir, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohammed Alabdulaziz, Yousif AlNasrallah, Murtada Alzain
BACKGROUND: Continuing education (CE) activities help dentists update their knowledge and skills to ensure high standards of patient care. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the reasons for and barriers to attending CE activities including the priorities for different dental specialities. METHODS: The study involves a cross-sectional research design. After statistical consultation, a questionnaire was distributed among 323 dental practitioners in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337996/awareness-about-management-of-tooth-avulsion-among-dentists-in-jazan-saudi-arabia
#11
Redhwan Abdullah Alaslami, Fahiem M M Elshamy, Essamet M Maamar, Yahya H Ghazwani
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the awareness amongst dentists working in Jazan, a city in K.S.A., about their potential role in the treatment of traumatic tooth avulsion injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and all dentists in Jazan, K.S.A. were invited to participate in this study. Data was collected through a self-administrated questionnaire. A total of 200 dental practitioners answered the questionnaire. The intern/general practitioners were 75%, and the specialists were 25%...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337995/efficacy-of-fiber-post-bonding-to-root-dentin-after-different-obturation-techniques-and-cementation-timings-in-vitro-study
#12
Rami M Galal, Nada Omar, Haidy Nabil, Yousra Aly
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of obturation technique and cementation timings on the bonding of fibre-reinforced posts to the root canal walls. METHODS: Twenty extracted teeth were randomly allocated to two groups according to the obturation technique and cementation timing. Central incisors with single canals were used after being decoronated. Every extracted tooth of the {vertical compaction group} (VC) group (n = 10) had been obturated using the {E & Q plus obturation system} with posts cemented in the same day; The other (CO) conventional group (n = 10) teeth were obturated using the conventional lateral compaction technique and posts cemented after one week...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337994/3d-fea-study-on-implant-threading-role-on-selection-of-implant-and-crown-materials
#13
Ahmad Mohamad Wazeh, Mohamed I El-Anwar, Rami M Galal Atia, Rana Mohammed Mahjari, Sara Abdulelah Linga, Linah Mujeeb Alhaq Al-Pakistani, Salah Abdulazim Yousief
AIM: This study deeply investigates the effect of dental implant threading and material selection on the mandibular bone under two different crown materials (Translucent Zirconia and Porcelain fused to metal). METHODS: Two different designs of single piece dental implants were supporting dummy crown above simplified bone geometry in two finite element models. Models components were created by general-purpose CAD/CAM engineering package and then assembled inside ANSYS before meshing and assigning materials...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337993/analysis-of-concordance-of-medication-taking-behaviour-in-tuberculosis-patients-in-medan-indonesia
#14
Arlinda Sari Wahyuni, Noni Novisari Soeroso, Dian Dwi Wahyuni
AIM: This study aimed to analyse tuberculosis (TB) medication-taking behaviour based on the concept of concordance between health workers and TB patients in Medan, Indonesia. METHODS: This study was an analytical study with a cross-sectional design. A total of 100 patients undergoing TB treatment at several public health centres in Medan City participated in the study. RESULTS: The results showed that there was a relationship between the concordance behaviour of the health workers with the attitude and medication-taking behaviour of the patients (p < 0...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337992/multinodular-and-vacuolating-neuronal-tumor
#15
Charmaine Zahra, Reuben Grech
BACKGROUND: Multinodular and Vacuolating Neuronal Tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum is a benign lesion described recently in the WHO CNS tumours in 2016. Although this tumour is uncommon, clinicians should be acquainted with the possible presentation and imaging findings. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a young gentleman whose only symptom was absence seizures. Brain imaging showed lesions, compatible with this rare diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Our description of imaging findings on MRI highlights the characteristic cystic appearances of note in the right occipital lobe, in contrast to the temporal lobe as the predominant location found in previous cases...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337991/complete-rectal-prolapse-in-children-case-report-review-of-literature-and-latest-trends-in-management
#16
Girish Gulab Meshram, Neeraj Kaur, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura
BACKGROUND: Complete rectal prolapse is the circumferential descent of all the layers of the rectum through the anus. It often leads to bleeding, obstructed defecation, incarceration or fecal incontinence. CASE REPORT: We present a rare case of a 4-year-old child with complete rectal prolapse of 12 cm in length. The prolapsed rectum was manually repositioned after reducing the oedema. The precipitating factor was identified as excessive straining while passing stools...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337990/a-series-of-patients-with-kaposi-sarcoma-mediterranean-classical-type-case-presentations-and-short-update-on-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#17
Ivanka Temelkova, Michael Tronnier, Ivan Terziev, Uwe Wollina, Ilia Lozev, Mohamad Goldust, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma was first described in 1872 by Moritz Kaposi. To date, it is considered a malignant disease is originating from the endothelial cells of the lymphatic vessels believed to be infected with HHV-8. The current classification defines four major epidemiological forms of Kaposi's sarcoma: classical, endemic, AIDS-associated, and iatrogenic. CASE REPORT: A 90-year-old male is presented with multiple plaques- and tumour-shaped brown-violet formations located on an erythematous-livid base in the area of both feet and both shanks...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337989/acupuncture-treatment-for-fertility
#18
Jihe Zhu, Blagica Arsovska, Kristina Kozovska
BACKGROUND: Infertility is considered an inability to conceive in a sexually active couple who are trying to get pregnant for one year. About 8-12% of the couples in the world are facing problems with infertility, and in this modern times the per cent is getting bigger, and 20% of the cases are due to both male and female factor. By the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) infertility occurs due to disrupted vital balance and blockages in the Qi energy and Blood circulation flow...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337988/unilateral-primary-congenital-lymphedema-of-the-upper-limb-in-an-11-month-old-infant-a-clinical-and-pharmacological-perspective
#19
Girish Gulab Meshram, Neeraj Kaur, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is the accumulation of a protein-rich fluid in the interstitial space due to reduced lymph transport capacity. Congenital primary lymphedema affecting only one of the upper limbs is a rarity. CASE REPORT: We present a case of an 11-month-old infant presenting with swelling of the right upper limb, which had gradually progressed over the past five months. Lymphoscintigraphy was suggestive of lymphatic blockade in the right upper limb. All other investigations were within normal limits...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337987/non-catether-induced-renal-and-inferior-vena-cava-trombosis-in-a-neonate-a-case-report
#20
Natasha Aluloska, Snezana Janchevska, Velibor Tasic
BACKGROUND: Neonatal renal vein thrombosis is the most common vascular condition in the newborn kidney, which could lead to serious complication in infants. CASE REPORT: We report a case of the unilateral renal vein and inferior vena cava thrombosis, presented with gross hematuria and thrombocytopenia in a neonate. The neonate was a macrosomic male born to a mother with hyperglycemia in pregnancy. The baby was born with perinatal asphyxia and early neonatal infection and massive hematuria...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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