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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610626/knowledge-and-awareness-of-medical-practitioners-of-jazan-city-towards-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty
#1
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Sultan Mohammed Namis, Asma Ali Hezam, Salma Abdu Swaid, Anas Esam Alomar
BACKGROUND: In many health services communities the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) as a discipline is frequently not probably understood. Good awareness towards OMFS among different branches of health services providers is essential for better referral strategies and will be for the benefit of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was done using a specially prepared questionnaire distributed randomly to 125 general medical practitioners working in Jazan province...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610625/body-weight-concern-and-belief-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls
#2
Nermine N Mahfouz, Reham F Fahmy, Maysa S Nassar, Saneya A Wahba
BACKGROUND: Body weight concern and belief in adolescent females are of great importance. They are the keys to successful dietary interventions including dietary habits' modifications to practice a healthy diet. This critical phase of transition from childhood to adulthood is the most sensitive stage of behavioural rectification. AIM: This study was conducted with the aim to figure out the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction and the association of body image satisfaction and believe with body mass index in adolescent girls aged 16-18 years...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610624/dyspnea-in-children-as-a-symptom-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-and-antibiotic-prescribing
#3
Valentina Risteska-Nejashmikj, Snezhana Stojkovska, Katarina Stavrikj
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is an unpleasant feeling of breathing difficulty, shortness of breath and inability to satisfy the hunger for air. The role of family physicians is to be prepared to recognise dyspnea as a symptom of acute respiratory infections (ARI), to perform triage and managing of children with acute dyspnea and make continuous education of parents. In the treatment of acute dyspnea more important is to treat dyspnea as a symptom than the prescribing of antibiotics (AB). Nowadays, even more often large amount of children, because of the noncompliance in the treatment and the pressure from the parents, unnecessary is hospitalised and frequently used antibiotics: According to the guidelines, a small percentage of children with ARI should be treated with AB...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610623/diabetics-retinopathy-knowledge-and-awareness-assessment-among-the-type-2-diabetics
#4
Naif R Almalki, Turki M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. In Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries, several studies estimated the prevalence of DR ranging from 30 - 40%. AIM: To assess the DR knowledge and its association with diabetes control among Type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) who had a routine visit to the endocrine clinic to assess the DR knowledge and its relation to the glycemic control...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610622/acid-etching-as-surface-treatment-method-for-luting-of-glass-ceramic-restorations-part-1-acids-application-protocol-and-etching-effectiveness
#5
REVIEW
Emilija Bajraktarova-Valjakova, Anita Grozdanov, Ljuben Guguvcevski, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Biljana Kapusevska, Nikola Gigovski, Aneta Mijoska, Cvetanka Bajraktarova-Misevska
AIM: The purpose of this review is to represent acids that can be used as surface etchant before adhesive luting of ceramic restorations, placement of orthodontic brackets or repair of chipped porcelain restorations. Chemical reactions, application protocol, and etching effect are presented as well. STUDY SELECTION: Available scientific articles published in PubMed and Scopus literature databases, scientific reports and manufacturers' instructions and product information from internet websites, written in English, using following search terms: "acid etching, ceramic surface treatment, hydrofluoric acid, acidulated phosphate fluoride, ammonium hydrogen bifluoride", have been reviewed...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610621/therapeutic-challenge-in-a-severely-atrophic-mandible
#6
Edvard Janev, Nadica Janeva, Marija Peeva-Petreska, Kristina Mitic
BACKGROUND: After tooth loss, however, severely atrophic residual alveolar ridges are fairly common, especially in patients who have been edentulous for a long period. Anterior area of the mandible is areas where clinicians have greater anatomical limitations. Reduced alveolar bone height very often represents a contraindication to implant therapy, unless a procedure such as a ridge augmentation is performed. CASE REPORT: This study aims to present two separate cases in highly selected edentulous anterior mandibular sites, where one stage, mini implants were used to support total prostheses...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610620/evaluation-of-maximum-bite-force-in-patients-with-complete-dentures
#7
Kujtim Shala, Arlinda Tmava-Dragusha, Linda Dula, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Teuta Bicaj, Enis Ahmedi, Zana Lila
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate maximum bite forces (mBF) in dominant (DS) and non-dominant sides (NDS) at certain time periods after the insertion of new complete dentures based on prior experience and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 88 patients, complete denture wearers (CDWs), were examined. The maximum bite force at the intercuspal position between the first molars in 3 seconds was registered and recorded with piezoelectric gnathodynamometer...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610619/prevalence-of-plaque-induced-gingivitis-in-a-sample-of-the-adult-egyptian-population
#8
Basma Mostafa, Ibrahim El-Refai
AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study is recording the prevalence and evaluation of the severity of plaque-induced gingival inflammation among a sample of the adult Egyptian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-five subjects in this contemplate were seen from patients visiting the diagnostic clinic at the Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University. The gingival and plaque indices for each patient diagnosed as having plaque-induced gingivitis were recorded...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610618/effect-of-luting-cements-on-the-bond-strength-to-turkom-cera-all-ceramic-material
#9
Bandar M A Al-Makramani, Abdul A A Razak, Mohamed I Abu-Hassan, Fuad A Al-Sanabani, Fahad M Albakri
BACKGROUND: The selection of the appropriate luting cement is a key factor for achieving a strong bond between prepared teeth and dental restorations. AIM: To evaluate the shear bond strength of Zinc phosphate cement Elite, glass ionomer cement Fuji I, resin-modified glass ionomer cement Fuji Plus and resin luting cement Panavia-F to Turkom-Cera all-ceramic material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Turkom-Cera was used to form discs 10mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness (n = 40)...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610617/rathke-s-cleft-cyst-or-pituitary-apoplexy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Jeton Shatri, Ilir Ahmetgjekaj
BACKGROUND: During the examination of the sellar region by magnetic resonance imaging, hyperintensity in T1 weighted is a common finding. This signal intensity has different sources, and its significance depends on the clinical context. Pathologic variations in T1 signal hyperintensity may be related to clotting of blood (pituitary apoplexy) or the presence of a high concentration of protein (Rathke cleft cyst). The purpose of this study is to describe the significance of intracystic nodule, a diagnostic characteristic found in Rathke's cleft cyst, on MRI...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610616/ovarian-strumal-carcinoid-tumour-case-report
#11
Vesna S Antovska, Milka Trajanova, Iskra Krstevska, Irena Gosheva, Jasmina Chelebieva, Irina Prodanova
BACKGROUND: Ovarian strumal carcinoid is a germ cell tumour characterised by a mixture of thyroid tissue and carcinoid. Ovarian struma is a very rare occurrence with 0.3-1% incidence of all ovarian tumours and 3% of mature teratomas. Primary carcinoid ovarian tumours are still uncommon as a part of mature teratoma or mucinous cystadenoma. There are four major variants of a carcinoid tumour: insular, trabecular, strumal and mucinous. A strumal carcinoid is an unusual form of ovarian teratoma composed of an intimate admixture of thyroid/carcinoid tissues...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610615/surgical-management-of-facial-features-of-robinow-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Aida M Mossaad, Moustapha A Abdelrahman, Mostafa A Ibrahim, Hatem H Al Ahmady
BACKGROUND: Robinow Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterised by abnormalities in head, face and external genitalia. This disorder exists in dominant pattern with moderate symptoms and recessive pattern with more physical and skeletal abnormalities. It was first introduced by Menihard Robinow in 1969. It was related to chromosome 9q22 ROR2 gene related to bone and cartilage growth aspects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old Egyptian male presented to National Research Centre Orodental genetics Clinic with typical features of short stature and facial dysmorphism weighted 50 Kg and measured 150 cm height complaining of facial dis figurement...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610614/topical-imiquimod-5-as-a-treatment-option-in-solitary-facial-keratoacanthoma
#13
Goran Pancevski, Senada Pepic, Sanela Idoska, Gligor Tofoski, Suzana Nikolovska
BACKGROUND: Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a rapidly growing epithelial tumour with histopathologic and clinical features similar to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and a certain tendency toward spontaneous regression. CASE PRESENTATION: This article presents a unique and rare case of keratoacanthoma arising from the upper lip of a young male patient. These two features are in contrast to most of the reported cases in elder male individuals and on the lower lip. Relevant management protocol of the case has also been discussed...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610613/microperforated-hymen-presenting-spontaneous-pregnancy-with-cesarean-delivery-and-hymenotomy-surgery-a-case-report
#14
Brikene Elshani, Heroid Arifi, Armond Daci
BACKGROUND: Female genital tract anomalies including imperforate hymen affect sexual life and fertility. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present case, we describe a pregnant woman diagnosed with imperforate hymen which never had penetrative vaginal sex. A 27-year-old married patient with 2 months of amenorrhea presented in a clinic without any other complications. Her history of difficult intercourse and prolonged menstrual flow were reported, and subsequent vaginal examination confirmed the diagnosis of imperforate hymen even though she claims to made pinhole surgery in hymen during puberty...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610612/the-effectiveness-of-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report-with-18-months-follow-up
#15
Erieta Dimitrije Nikolikj-Dimitrova, Cvetanka Gjerakaroska-Savevska, Valentina Koevska, Biljana Mitrevska, Marija Gocevska, Maja Manoleva, Biljana Kalchovska-Ivanovska
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a pathological state resulting from repetitive loading or stress on the tendon. The article aims to evaluate the effects of the low - energy radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (RESWT) in the treatment of the adult with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy (AT) after the unsuccessful conservative treatment, with 18 months follow - up evaluation. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 55 years - old male suffering from severe right posterior heel pain for 4 months...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610611/acupuncture-treatment-of-subfertility-and-ovarian-endometrioma
#16
Jihe Zhu, Blagica Arsovska, Andrijana Sterjovska-Aleksovska, Kristina Kozovska
BACKGROUND: Ovarian endometriotic cysts, also known as 'chocolate' cysts or ovarian endometriomas, appear as endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity which grows inside ovaries. Endometriotic cysts can cause chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, impairment of ovarian function in regards to subfertility, etc. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is effectively treating subfertility associated with endometriosis for years, and the treatment gives positive results in achieving pregnancy...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610610/metabolic-profiles-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-insulin-resistance
#17
Marko Kostovski, Viktor Simeonovski, Kristina Mironska, Velibor Tasic, Zoran Gucev
BACKGROUND: In the past several decades, the increasing frequency of overweight and obese children and adolescents in the world has become a public health problem. It has contributed significantly to the already high tide of diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. AIM: To investigate the frequency of insulin resistance and to evaluate the metabolic profile of insulin resistant and non-insulin resistant obese children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 96 (45 boys, 51 girls) obese children and adolescents aged 4-17 years old (10...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610609/the-outcome-of-using-a-jamshidi-biopsy-trocar-needle-in-a-novel-technique-for-bone-grafting-in-percutaneous-internal-fixation-of-scaphoid-non-union
#18
Syed Bokhari, Saifullah Hadi, Fahad Hossain, Bernd Ketzer
INTRODUCTION: We report the outcome of using a novel technique of minimally invasive internal fixation and distal radius bone grafting using the Jamishidi Trephine needle and biopsy/graft capture device. METHODS: The technique utilises a 8 mm incision at the distal pole of the scaphoid. The non-union is excavated using the standard Acutrak drill. An 8 gauge Jamshidi trephine needle is used to harvest bone graft from the distal radius which is impacted into the scaphoid and fixed with an Acutrak screw...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610608/pharmacotherapy-evaluation-and-utilization-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patients-in-kosovo-during-the-period-2016-2017
#19
Armond Daci, Adnan Bozalija, Raif Cavolli, Rame Alaj, Giangiacomo Beretta, Shaip Krasniqi
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is realised in patients with critical or advanced disease of coronary arteries. There are different pharmacotherapeutic approaches which are used as management, treatment and preventive therapy in cardiovascular disease or related comorbidities. Performing a successful surgery, pharmacotherapy, and increase of bypass patency rate remains a serious challenge. AIM: This study aims to analyse the patient characteristics undergoing CABG and evaluation of their drug utilisation rate and daily dosages in the perioperative period...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610607/physiotherapy-effects-in-gait-speed-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Klejda Tani, Irena Kola, Fregen Dhamaj, Vjollca Shpata, Kiri Zallari
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease, known as the most common cause of difficulty walking in older adults and subsequently is associated with slow walking. Also one of the main symptoms is a degenerative and mechanics type of pain. Pain is very noticeable while walking in rugged terrain, during ascent and descent of stairs, when changing from sitting to standing position as well as staying in one position for a long time. Many studies have shown that the strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle can affect gait, by improving or weakening it...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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