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Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331907/brace-technology-thematic-series-the-3d-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-type-brace
#1
Manuel Rigo, Mina Jelačić
BACKGROUND: Chêneau and Matthias introduced in 1979 a brace concept inspired in casting. The brace was initially named "CTM" from Chêneau-Toulouse-Münster. The name "CTM" is still popular in France but "Chêneau-type brace" is its common name in the rest of the world. Principles to construct this brace were originally based on anatomical descriptions rather than biomechanics, and its standard is poor. METHODS: This paper follows the format of the "Brace technology thematic series...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#2
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331905/asymmetrical-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-for-progressive-kyphoscoliosis-caused-by-a-pediatric-chance-fracture-a-case-report
#3
Satoshi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Fujita, Tomohiro Hikata, Akio Iwanami, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Although most pediatric Chance fractures (PCFs) can be treated successfully with casting and bracing, some PCFs cause progressive spinal deformities requiring surgical treatment. There are only few reports of asymmetrical osteotomy for PCF-associated spinal deformities. CASE PRESENTATION: We here report a case of a 10-year-old girl who suffered an L2 Chance fracture from an asymmetrical flexion-distraction force, accompanied by abdominal injuries. She was treated conservatively with a soft brace...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331904/effectiveness-of-the-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-versus-boston-style-orthoses-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-retrospective-study
#4
Miriam K Minsk, Kristen D Venuti, Gail L Daumit, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Bracing can effectively treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but patient outcomes have not been compared by brace type. We compared outcomes of AIS patients treated with Rigo Chêneau orthoses (RCOs) or custom-molded Boston-style thoracolumbosacral orthoses (TLSOs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patient records from one scoliosis center from 1999 through 2014. Patients were studied from initial treatment until skeletal maturity or surgery...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251190/upright-prone-and-supine-spinal-morphology-and-alignment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Rob C Brink, Dino Colo, Tom P C Schlösser, Koen L Vincken, Marijn van Stralen, Steve C N Hui, Lin Shi, Winnie C W Chu, Jack C Y Cheng, René M Castelein
BACKGROUND: Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are usually investigated by serial imaging studies during the course of treatment, some imaging involves ionizing radiation, and the radiation doses are cumulative. Few studies have addressed the correlation of spinal deformity captured by these different imaging modalities, for which patient positioning are different. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to compare the coronal, axial, and sagittal morphology of the scoliotic spine in three different body positions (upright, prone, and supine) and between three different imaging modalities (X-ray, CT, and MRI)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251189/the-influence-of-sarcopenia-in-dropped-head-syndrome-in-older-women
#6
Yawara Eguchi, Toru Toyoguchi, Masao Koda, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia may cause physical dysfunction. We investigated the involvement of sarcopenia in dropped head syndrome (DHS). METHODS: Our study subjects were ten elderly women with idiopathic DHS (mean age 75.1 years, range 55-89). Twenty age- and sex-matched volunteers (mean age 73.0, range 58-83) served as controls. We used a bioelectrical impedance analyzer (BIA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; appendicular lean mass (kg)/(height (m))(2))...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251188/reproducibility-of-thoracic-kyphosis-measurements-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#7
Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Dennis Winge Hallager, Martin Gehrchen, Kenny Kwan, Benny Dahl, Kenneth M C Cheung, Dino Samartzis
BACKGROUND: Current surgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) involves correction in both the coronal and sagittal plane, and thorough assessment of these parameters is essential for evaluation of surgical results. However, various definitions of thoracic kyphosis (TK) have been proposed, and the intra- and inter-rater reproducibility of these measures has not been determined. As such, the purpose of the current study was to determine the intra- and inter-rater reproducibility of several TK measurements used in the assessment of AIS...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239663/radiographic-indices-for-lumbar-developmental-spinal-stenosis
#8
Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Karen Ka Man Ng, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Dino Samartzis, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Patients with developmental spinal stenosis (DSS) are susceptible to developing symptomatic stenosis due to pre-existing narrowed spinal canals. DSS has been previously defined by MRI via the axial anteroposterior (AP) bony spinal canal diameter. However, MRI is hardly a cost-efficient tool for screening patients. X-rays are superior due to its availability and cost, but currently, there is no definition of DSS based on plain radiographs. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop radiographic indices for diagnosing DSS...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164163/change-of-sagittal-spinal-alignment-and-its-association-with-pain-and-function-after-lumbar-surgery-augmented-with-an-interspinous-implant
#9
Rebecca J Crawford, Quentin J Malone, Roger I Price
BACKGROUND: Interspinous spacer/implants like the Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM™) are controversially yet commonly used in the surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative pathologies. Criticism is based on ill-defined indications, lack of superiority over decompression, and a poorly understood mechanical effect. Yet, continued use by surgeons implies their perceived clinical merit. We examined radiographic spinal alignment for 12 months, and pain and function for 24 months, after DIAM-augmented surgery to improve the understanding of the mechanical effect relating to clinical outcomes in patients...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116360/thematic-series-low-back-pain
#10
EDITORIAL
Dino Samartzis, Theodoros B Grivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050604/comparison-if-the-addition-of-multilevel-vertebral-augmentation-to-conventional-therapy-will-improve-the-outcome-of-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#11
Ziad A Audat, Mahmoud H Hajyousef, Mohammad D Fawareh, Khaldoon M Alawneh, Mohannad A Odat, Mohammad M Barbarawi, Ali A Alomari, Rami A Jahmani, Mohammad A Khatatbeh, Mohammed A Assmairan
BACKGROUND: This was a prospective study to evaluate the effect of multilevel vertebral augmentation in addition to conventional therapy in multiple myeloma patients. METHODS: We treated 27 patients, whom were recently diagnosed to have multiple myeloma by two ways of treatment. Thirteen patients (group I) were treated with conventional therapy and 14 patients (group II) with adding vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Patients were evaluated pre-treatment and at half, one, two and 3-years post-treatment by using Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Stanford Score (SS) and the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035336/radiation-dose-of-digital-radiography-dr-versus-micro-dose-x-ray-eos-on-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-2016-sosort-irssd-john-sevastic-award-winner-in-imaging-research
#12
Steve C N Hui, Jean-Philippe Pialasse, Judy Y H Wong, Tsz-Ping Lam, Bobby K W Ng, Jack C Y Cheng, Winnie C W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) frequently receive x-ray imaging at diagnosis and subsequent follow monitoring. The ionizing radiation exposure has accumulated through their development stage and the effect of radiation to this young vulnerable group of patients is uncertain. To achieve the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) concept of radiation dose in medical imaging, a slot-scanning x-ray technique by the EOS system has been adopted and the radiation dose using micro-dose protocol was compared with the standard digital radiography on patients with AIS...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933320/genetics-and-pathogenesis-of-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
REVIEW
A Grauers, E Einarsdottir, P Gerdhem
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS), the most common spinal deformity, affects otherwise healthy children and adolescents during growth. The aetiology is still unknown, although genetic factors are believed to be important. The present review corroborates the understanding of IS as a complex disease with a polygenic background. Presumably IS can be due to a spectrum of genetic risk variants, ranging from very rare or even private to very common. The most promising candidate genes are highlighted.
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896317/video-game-assisted-physiotherapeutic-scoliosis-specific-exercises-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-case-series-and-introduction-of-a-new-tool-to-increase-motivation-and-precision-of-exercise-performance
#14
Christine Wibmer, Petra Groebl, Alexander Nischelwitzer, Beate Salchinger, Matthias Sperl, Helmut Wegmann, Hans-Peter Holzer, Vinay Saraph
BACKGROUND: It is important to monitor how patients with juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis comply with their physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE). Physiogame, a newly developed video game using the Game-Trak 3D interactive game controller, combines correct PSSE performance with gaming. It tracks the position of the working limb in 3D space during the exercises as participants aim to hit certain targets and avoid others, and gives direct feedback by stopping the game if the working limb leaves the target 3D space, which is chosen to secure the corrective position according to the Schroth method...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822560/brace-classification-study-group-bcsg-part-one-definitions-and-atlas
#15
Theodoros B Grivas, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Grant Wood, Manuel Rigo, Michael Timothy Hresko, Tomasz Kotwicki, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: The current increase in types of scoliosis braces defined by a surname or a town makes scientific classification essential. Currently, it is a challenge to compare braces and specify the indications of each brace. A precise definition of the characteristics of current braces is needed. As such, the International Society for Scoliosis Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) mandated the Brace Classification Study Group (BCSG) to address the pertinent terminology and brace classification...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800560/the-effect-of-scoliotic-deformity-on-spine-kinematics-in-adolescents
#16
Sarah Galvis, Douglas Burton, Brandon Barnds, John Anderson, Richard Schwend, Nigel Price, Sara Wilson, Elizabeth Friis
BACKGROUND: While adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) produces well characterized deformation in spinal form, the effect on spinal function, namely mobility, is not well known. Better understanding of scoliotic spinal mobility could yield better treatment targets and diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to characterize the spinal mobility differences due to AIS. It was hypothesized that the AIS group would exhibit reduced mobility compared to the typical adolescent (TA) group. METHODS: Eleven adolescents with right thoracic AIS, apices T6-T10, and eleven age- and gender-matched TAs moved to their maximum bent position in sagittal and coronal plane bending tasks...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#17
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785478/outcome-of-intensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-and-bracing-in-an-adult-patient-with-scheuermann-s-disease-evaluated-by-radiologic-imaging-a-case-report
#18
Hagit Berdishevsky
BACKGROUND: No studies examine the efficacy of intensive specific physical therapy (PT) exercises along with brace for the adult with Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intensive PT based on the Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School (BSPTS) and SpinoMed brace on a 76-year-old female with SK. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old female, diagnosed with SK as an adolescent, presented in October 2014 with thoracic hyperkyphosis T1 to T12 Cobb angle of 85° and lumbar hyper lordosis L1 to L5 Cobb angle of 70°...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785477/junctional-kyphosis-how-can-we-detect-and-monitor-it-during-growth
#19
Alessandra Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Laura Maserati, Fabio Zaina, Jorge H Villafañe, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance in affecting adult pain, and disability, there is a lack of universal criteria for the diagnosis and evaluation of thoraco-lumbar Junctional Kyphosis (JK) and a gold standard measurement and diagnostic system does not exist. This study aims to verify the sensibility and specificity of clinical, and Formetric surface topography (FST) data in identifying Junctional Kyphosis in respect to the radiographical standard references. METHODS: Design: This is a cross sectional study from a prospective database started in March 2003...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785476/retrospective-analysis-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-medical-records-coming-from-one-out-patient-clinic-for-compatibility-with-scoliosis-research-society-criteria-for-brace-treatment-studies
#20
Krzysztof Korbel, Łukasz Stoliński, Mateusz Kozinoga, Tomasz Kotwicki
BACKGROUND: First author attempted to analyse medical records of patients with idiopathic scoliosis for compliance with the Scoliosis Research Society brace studies criteria. A retrospective analysis of medical records of 2705 girls treated from 1989 to 2002 was carried out. METHODS: Age, Cobb, Risser and menarchal status were analyzed for compliance with the Scoliosis Research Society brace studies criteria: a) age ≥10 years, b) Risser 0-2, c) 25-40° Cobb angle, d) no earlier treatment, e) patients before first menses or not more than one year from first menses...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
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