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Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854955/retraction-note-rare-causes-of-scoliosis-and-spine-deformity-experience-and-particular-features
#1
Konstantinos C Soultanis, Alexandros H Payatakes, Vasilios T Chouliaras, Georgios C Mandellos, Nikolaos E Pyrovolou, Fani M Pliarchopoulou, Panayotis N Soucacos
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/1748-7161-2-15.].
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721550/evaluation-of-functional-and-structural-leg-length-discrepancy-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-the-eos-imaging-system-a-prospective-comparative-study
#2
Tatsuhiro Sekiya, Yoichi Aota, Katsutaka Yamada, Kanichiro Kaneko, Manabu Ide, Tomoyuki Saito
Background: To our knowledge, no studies have reported the exact structural leg length discrepancies (LLDs) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the differences between functional and structural LLDs and to examine the correlations between LLDs and spinopelvic parameters in patients with AIS using an EOS imaging system, which permits the three-dimensional reconstruction of spinal and lower-limb bony structures. Methods: Eighty-two consecutive patients with AIS underwent whole-body EOS radiography in a standing position between August 2014 and March 2016...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516039/non-structural-misalignments-of-body-posture-in-the-sagittal-plane
#3
REVIEW
Dariusz Czaprowski, Łukasz Stoliński, Marcin Tyrakowski, Mateusz Kozinoga, Tomasz Kotwicki
Background: The physiological sagittal spinal curvature represents a typical feature of good body posture in the sagittal plane. The cervical and the lumbar spine are curved anteriorly (lordosis), while the thoracic segment is curved posteriorly (kyphosis). The pelvis is inclined anteriorly, and the lower limbs' joints remain in a neutral position. However, there are many deviations from the optimal body alignment.The aim of this paper is to present the most common types of non-structural misalignments of the body posture in the sagittal plane...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445775/torsion-bottle-a-very-simple-reliable-and-cheap-tool-for-a-basic-scoliosis-screening
#4
Michele Romano, Matteo Mastrantonio
Background: One of the reasons that make scoliosis a disease that scares so much the parents is its specific characteristic of being difficult to detect on its onset.The aim of this paper is to check the possible usefulness of a simple tool (the torsion bottle) that has been developed with the aim to offer an instrument for home use by parents but also for screening purposes in the low-income countries. Methods: Study design: retrospective analysis to evaluate intra-operator reliability of the tools and inter-operator repeatability using the torsion bottle...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435500/three-dimensional-reconstructions-of-lenke-1a-curves
#5
J-C Bernard, E Berthonnaud, J Deceuninck, L Journoud-Rozand, G Notin, E Chaleat-Valayer
Background: Scoliosis is a 3D deformity that can be reconstructed through 2D antero-posterior and lateral radiographs, which provide an upper view of the deformed spine as well as regional planes matching all vertebrae of elective plane for each curve. The objective of this study is to explore whether all idiopathic scoliosis classified Lenke 1A have the same 3D representation made with regional planes. Methods: All patients treated for idiopathic thoracic scoliosis during the growth period and classified Lenke 1A were included in this study conducted in the pediatric spinal orthopedic department of Centre des Massues...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435499/2016-sosort-guidelines-orthopaedic-and-rehabilitation-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-during-growth
#6
REVIEW
Stefano Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Dariusz Czaprowski, Sanja Schreiber, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Helmut Diers, Theodoros B Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Andrea Lebel, Cindy Marti, Toru Maruyama, Joe O'Brien, Nigel Price, Eric Parent, Manuel Rigo, Michele Romano, Luke Stikeleather, James Wynne, Fabio Zaina
Background: The International Scientific Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) produced its first guidelines in 2005 and renewed them in 2011. Recently published high-quality clinical trials on the effect of conservative treatment approaches (braces and exercises) for idiopathic scoliosis prompted us to update the last guidelines' version. The objective was to align the guidelines with the new scientific evidence to assure faster knowledge transfer into clinical practice of conservative treatment for idiopathic scoliosis (CTIS)...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435498/letter-to-the-editor-concerning-effectiveness-of-the-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-versus-boston-style-orthoses-for-adolescent-idiopathicscoliosis-a-retrospective-study-by-minsk-mk-venuti-kd-daumit-gl-sponseller-pd-scoliosis-spinal-disord-2017-mar-20-12-7
#7
Johan L Heemskerk, Mark Altena, Diederik H R Kempen
We have read with great interest the article by Minsk et al. in Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders. However, the authors reported a conclusion that is based on possible selection bias in surgical candidates. Physicians are trained in the interpretation of scientific articles; however, not everybody is able to do this. Especially in open access journals, a biased conclusion may have big consequences and may be misleading for patients and family members who can read these articles for free on the internet.
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435497/supplementary-addendum-to-radiation-dose-of-digital-radiography-dr-versus-micro-dose-x-ray-eos-on-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-2016-sosort-irssd-john-sevastic-award-winner-in-imaging-research
#8
Steve C N Hui, Winnie C W Chu
Regarding the publication entitle "Radiation dose of digital radiography (DR) versus micro-dose x-ray (EOS) on patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: 2016 SOSORT- IRSSD "John Sevastic Award" Winner in Imaging Research" in Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders , we would like to provide more details to readers about the dose calculated by simulation using PCXMC 2.0. In this study, the data and results are correct based on the given parameters and calculation provided in the manuscript. In the simulation of EOS micro-dose, only a 0...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276784/two-dimensional-digital-photography-for-child-body-posture-evaluation-standardized-technique-reliable-parameters-and-normative-data-for-age-7-10-years
#9
REVIEW
L Stolinski, M Kozinoga, D Czaprowski, M Tyrakowski, P Cerny, N Suzuki, T Kotwicki
Background: Digital photogrammetry provides measurements of body angles or distances which allow for quantitative posture assessment with or without the use of external markers. It is becoming an increasingly popular tool for the assessment of the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this paper is to present a structured method for the analysis of posture and its changes using a standardized digital photography technique. Material and methods: The purpose of the study was twofold...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238754/do-the-srs-22-self-image-and-mental-health-domain-scores-reflect-the-degree-of-asymmetry-of-the-back-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#10
James Cheshire, Adrian Gardner, Fiona Berryman, Paul Pynsent
Background: Patient-reported outcomes are becoming increasingly recognised in the management of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Integrated Shape Imaging System 2 (ISIS2) surface topography is a validated tool to assess AIS. Previous studies have failed to demonstrate strong correlations between AIS and patient-reported outcomes highlighting the need for additional objective surface parameters to define the deformities associated with AIS. The aim of this study was to examine whether the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) outcome questionnaire reflects the degree of measurable external asymmetry of the back in AIS and thus is a measure of patient outcome for external appearance...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226253/functional-outcome-of-non-surgical-and-surgical-management-for-de-novo-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-a-mean-follow-up-of-10-years
#11
Sayf S A Faraj, Tsjitske M Haanstra, Hugo Martijn, Marinus de Kleuver, Barend J van Royen
Background: No studies have evaluated the long-term results of non-surgical and surgical management in de novo degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DNDLS). This study reports on the long-term functional outcome of patients being treated for DNDLS by non-surgical and surgical management. Methods: This is a retrospective review of a single center database of DNDLS patients that underwent surgical or usual non-surgical management between 1996 and 2007. In a total of 88 patients, 50 (57%) underwent non-surgical and 38 (43%) surgical management...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188233/the-effects-of-scoliosis-and-subsequent-surgery-on-the-shape-of-the-torso
#12
Adrian Gardner, Fiona Berryman, Paul Pynsent
Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) causes asymmetry of the torso, and this is often the primary concern of patients. Surgery aims to minimise the visual asymmetry. It is not clear how scoliosis makes the torso asymmetric or how scoliosis surgery changes that asymmetry when compared to the distribution of asymmetries seen in a non-scoliotic group of normal controls. Methods: Surface topography images were captured for a group with AIS both pre-operatively and post-operatively...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164179/schroth-physiotherapeutic-scoliosis-specific-exercises-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-how-many-patients-require-treatment-to-prevent-one-deterioration-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-sosort-2017-award-winner
#13
Sanja Schreiber, Eric C Parent, Doug L Hill, Douglas M Hedden, Marc J Moreau, Sarah C Southon
Background: Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support using physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). All RCTs reported statistically significant results favouring PSSE but none reported on clinical significance. The number needed to treat (NNT) helps determine if RCT results are clinically meaningful. The NNT is the number of patients that need to be treated to prevent one bad outcome in a given period. A low NNT suggests that a therapy has positive outcomes in most patients offered the therapy...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152590/introversion-the-prevalent-trait-of-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-an-observational-study
#14
Elisabetta D'Agata, Judith Sánchez-Raya, Juan Bagó
Background: A large number of studies about adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis focus on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, only a few articles aim at evaluating the personality of these patients. Therefore, the purpose of the present research is to assess the personality traits of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and their relationship with HRQOL.Our hypothesis is that adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis present the principal personality trait of introversion, defined as self-reliance and inhibition in social relationships...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094108/curve-progression-after-long-term-brace-treatment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-comparative-results-between-over-and-under-30-cobb-degrees-sosort-2017-award-winner
#15
Angelo G Aulisa, Vincenzo Guzzanti, Francesco Falciglia, Marco Galli, Paolo Pizzetti, Lorenzo Aulisa
Background: The factors influencing curve behavior following bracing are incompletely understood and there is no agreement if scoliotic curves stop progressing with skeletal maturity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the loss of the scoliotic curve correction in patients treated with bracing during adolescence and to compare patient outcomes of under and over 30 Cobb degrees, 10 years after brace removal. Methods: We reviewed 93 (87 female) of 200 and nine patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who were treated with the Lyon or PASB brace at a mean of 15 years (range 10-35)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051921/effectiveness-of-schroth-exercises-during-bracing-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-preliminary-study-sosort-award-2017-winner
#16
Kenny Yat Hong Kwan, Aldous C S Cheng, Hui Yu Koh, Alice Y Y Chiu, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Bracing has been shown to decrease significantly the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but the treatment failure rate remains high. There is evidence to suggest that Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises can slow progression in mild scoliosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Schroth exercises in AIS patients with high-risk curves during bracing. METHODS: A prospective, historical cohort-matched study was carried out...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046898/the-role-of-the-paravertebral-muscles-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-evaluated-by-temporary-paralysis
#17
Christian Wong, Kasper Gosvig, Stig Sonne-Holm
BACKGROUND: Muscle imbalance has been suggested as implicated in the pathology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The specific "pathomechanic" role of the paravertebral muscles as being scoliogenic (inducing scoliosis) or counteracting scoliosis in the initial development and maintenance of this spinal deformity has yet to be clarified in humans. In the present study, we investigated the radiographic changes of temporal paralysis using botulinum toxin A as localized injection therapy (ITB) in the psoas major muscle in AIS patients...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026895/non-radiographic-methods-of-measuring-global-sagittal-balance-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Larry Cohen, Sarah Kobayashi, Milena Simic, Sarah Dennis, Kathryn Refshauge, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Global sagittal balance, describing the vertical alignment of the spine, is an important factor in the non-operative and operative management of back pain. However, the typical gold standard method of assessment, radiography, requires exposure to radiation and increased cost, making it unsuitable for repeated use. Non-radiologic methods of assessment are available, but their reliability and validity in the current literature have not been systematically assessed. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesise and evaluate the reliability and validity of non-radiographic methods of assessing global sagittal balance...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975160/current-knowledge-of-scoliosis-in-physiotherapy-students-trained-in-the-united-kingdom
#19
D A Jason Black, Christine Pilcher, Shawn Drake, Erika Maude, David Glynn
BACKGROUND: It has been highlighted in both Poland and the United States of America (USA) that knowledge of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) among physiotherapy students is limited with respect to the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) guidelines. Early detection of scoliosis and correct initial management is essential in effective care, and thus physiotherapists should be aware of the basic criteria for diagnosis and indications for treatment...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975159/appraisal-of-the-diers-method-for-calculating-postural-measurements-an-observational-study
#20
Brian Degenhardt, Zane Starks, Shalini Bhatia, Geoffroey-Allen Franklin
BACKGROUND: Surface topography is increasingly used with postural analysis. One system, DIERS formetric 4D, measures 40 defined spine shape parameters from a 6-s scan. Through system algorithms, a set of spine shape parameter values from 1 of 12 recorded images obtained during a scan becomes the DIERS-reported value (DRV) for postural assessment. The purpose of the current study was to compare DRV with a standard average value (SAV) calculated from all 12 images to determine which method is more appropriate for assessing postural change...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
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