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Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051921/effectiveness-of-schroth-exercises-during-bracing-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-preliminary-study-sosort-award-2017-winner
#1
Kenny Yat Hong Kwan, Aldous C S Cheng, Hui Yu Koh, Alice Y Y Chiu, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Bracing has been shown to decrease significantly the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but the treatment failure rate remains high. There is evidence to suggest that Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises can slow progression in mild scoliosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Schroth exercises in AIS patients with high-risk curves during bracing. METHODS: A prospective, historical cohort-matched study was carried out...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046898/the-role-of-the-paravertebral-muscles-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-evaluated-by-temporary-paralysis
#2
Christian Wong, Kasper Gosvig, Stig Sonne-Holm
BACKGROUND: Muscle imbalance has been suggested as implicated in the pathology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The specific "pathomechanic" role of the paravertebral muscles as being scoliogenic (inducing scoliosis) or counteracting scoliosis in the initial development and maintenance of this spinal deformity has yet to be clarified in humans. In the present study, we investigated the radiographic changes of temporal paralysis using botulinum toxin A as localized injection therapy (ITB) in the psoas major muscle in AIS patients...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026895/non-radiographic-methods-of-measuring-global-sagittal-balance-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Larry Cohen, Sarah Kobayashi, Milena Simic, Sarah Dennis, Kathryn Refshauge, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Global sagittal balance, describing the vertical alignment of the spine, is an important factor in the non-operative and operative management of back pain. However, the typical gold standard method of assessment, radiography, requires exposure to radiation and increased cost, making it unsuitable for repeated use. Non-radiologic methods of assessment are available, but their reliability and validity in the current literature have not been systematically assessed. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesise and evaluate the reliability and validity of non-radiographic methods of assessing global sagittal balance...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975160/current-knowledge-of-scoliosis-in-physiotherapy-students-trained-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
D A Jason Black, Christine Pilcher, Shawn Drake, Erika Maude, David Glynn
BACKGROUND: It has been highlighted in both Poland and the United States of America (USA) that knowledge of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) among physiotherapy students is limited with respect to the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) guidelines. Early detection of scoliosis and correct initial management is essential in effective care, and thus physiotherapists should be aware of the basic criteria for diagnosis and indications for treatment...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975159/appraisal-of-the-diers-method-for-calculating-postural-measurements-an-observational-study
#5
Brian Degenhardt, Zane Starks, Shalini Bhatia, Geoffroey-Allen Franklin
BACKGROUND: Surface topography is increasingly used with postural analysis. One system, DIERS formetric 4D, measures 40 defined spine shape parameters from a 6-s scan. Through system algorithms, a set of spine shape parameter values from 1 of 12 recorded images obtained during a scan becomes the DIERS-reported value (DRV) for postural assessment. The purpose of the current study was to compare DRV with a standard average value (SAV) calculated from all 12 images to determine which method is more appropriate for assessing postural change...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920082/is-a-persistent-central-canal-a-risk-factor-for-neurological-injury-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-correction-of-scoliosis
#6
Steven Kyriacou, Yuen Man, Karen Plumb, Matthew Shaw, Kia Rezajooi
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis patients with associated syringomyelia are at an increased risk of neurological injury during surgical deformity correction. The syrinx is therefore often addressed surgically prior to scoliosis correction to minimize this risk. It remains unclear if the presence of a persistent central canal (PCC) within the spinal cord also poses a similar risk. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is any evidence to suggest that patients with a PCC are also at a higher risk of neurological injury during surgical scoliosis correction...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905003/an-immediate-effect-of-pnf-specific-mobilization-on-the-angle-of-trunk-rotation-and-the-trunk-pelvis-hip-angle-range-of-motion-in-adolescent-girls-with-double-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-pilot-study
#7
A Stępień, K Fabian, K Graff, M Podgurniak, A Wit
BACKGROUND: Impairment of spine rotation is a key concept in several theories explaining the pathogenesis and progression of scoliosis. In previous studies, a more limited range of motion in scoliotic girls compared to their non-scoliotic peers was noted. The Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle measurement is a test used to assess the range of motion in the trunk-pelvis-hip complex in the transverse plane. The aim of this study was to assess an immediate effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation specific mobilization (mPNF) on the angle of trunk rotation and Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle range of motion in adolescent girls with double scoliosis...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825043/is-vertebral-rotation-correction-maintained-after-thoracoscopic-anterior-scoliosis-surgery-a-low-dose-computed-tomography-study
#8
Luke A Reynolds, Maree T Izatt, Eric M Huang, Robert D Labrom, Geoffrey N Askin, Clayton J Adam, Mark J Pearcy
BACKGROUND: Axial vertebral rotation is a key characteristic of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and its reduction is one of the goals of corrective surgery. Recurrence of deformity after surgical correction may relate to rotation changes that occur in the anterior vertebral column after surgery, but whether any change occurs within the fused segment or in adjacent unfused levels following thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion (TASF) is unknown. An analysis of measurements from an existing postoperative CT dataset was performed to investigate the occurrence of inter- and intra-vertebral rotation changes after TASF within and adjacent to the fused spinal segment and look for any relationships with the Cobb angle and rib hump in the two years after surgery...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795156/results-of-ultrasound-assisted-brace-casting-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Edmond H Lou, Doug L Hill, Andreas Donauer, Melissa Tilburn, Douglas Hedden, Marc Moreau
BACKGROUND: Four factors have been reported to affect brace treatment outcome: (1) growth or curve based risk, (2) the in-brace correction, (3) the brace wear quantity, and (4) the brace wear quality. The quality of brace design affects the in-brace correction and comfort which indirectly affects the brace wear quantity and quality. This paper reported the immediate benefits and results on using ultrasound (US) to aid orthotists to design braces for the treatment of scoliosis. METHODS: Thirty-four AIS subjects participated in this study with 17 (2 males, 15 females) in the control group and 17 (2 males, 15 females) in the intervention (US) group...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770254/3d-correction-of-ais-in-braces-designed-using-cad-cam-and-fem-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Nikita Cobetto, Carl-Éric Aubin, Stefan Parent, Soraya Barchi, Isabelle Turgeon, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that finite element model (FEM) combined to CAD/CAM improves the design of braces for the conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), using 2D measurements from in-brace radiographs. We aim to assess the immediate effectiveness on curve correction in all three planes of braces designed using CAD/CAM and numerical simulation compared to braces designed with CAD/CAM only. METHODS: SRS standardized criteria for bracing were followed to recruit 48 AIS patients who were randomized into two groups...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725867/revisiting-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-scoliosis-research-society-22-srs-22-french-version
#11
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Stanley Innes, Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Hubert Labelle, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is among the most common spinal deformities affecting adolescents. The Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire is commonly used to assess health-related quality of life in AIS patients, including pain. The objective of this study is to verify the psychometric properties of the Scoliosis Research Society-22 French version (SRS-22fv) questionnaire. METHODS: A prospective methodological design was used to verify the psychometric properties of the French version of the SRS-22fv...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616593/neck-and-back-problems-in-adults-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-diagnosed-in-youth-an-observational-study-of-prevalence-change-over-a-mean-four-year-time-period-and-comparison-with-a-control-group
#12
Christos Topalis, Anna Grauers, Elias Diarbakerli, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: The knowledge is sparse concerning neck problems in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This is an observational study including a control group which aims to describe the prevalence of neck problems and the association with back problems among adult individuals with and without idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: One thousand sixty-nine adults with a mean age of 40 years, diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis in youth, answered a questionnaire on neck and back problems...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616592/french-validation-of-the-brace-questionnaire-brq
#13
Julie Deceuninck, Aurélie Tirat-Herbert, Nuria Rodriguez Martinez, Jean-Claude Bernard
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QoL) scales have to be introduced in the treatment evaluation of our patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Vasiliadis et. al. created the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ), which is specific for brace-treated adolescents. This tool was developed and validated in Greek. The aim of our study was to undertake the process of cultural adaptation of the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) into French. METHODS: The BrQ is made of 34 items on Likert scale, divided in eight domains...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593199/analysis-of-instrumentation-failures-after-three-column-osteotomies-of-the-spine
#14
Niranjan Kavadi, Richard A Tallarico, William F Lavelle
BACKGROUND: Correction of fixed spinal imbalance in a sagittal and/or coronal plane frequently needs a tricolumnar wedge resection when the deformity is rigid. Complications associated with deformity correction surgery are pseudoarthrosis and implant failure located along the construct. The purposes of this study were to assess comparative rates of pseudoarthrosis (implant failure) at weaker points along lumbosacral junction and level of osteotomy, estimate overall incidence of implant failure, and comparatively analyze failures at different points along the construct...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516166/onset-and-remodeling-of-coronal-imbalance-after-selective-posterior-thoracic-fusion-for-lenke-1c-and-2c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-pilot-study
#15
Masayuki Ishikawa, Kai Cao, Long Pang, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Naobumi Hosogane, Takashi Tsuji, Masafumi Machida, Shinichi Ishihara, Makoto Nishiyama, Yasuyuki Fukui, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Postoperative coronal imbalance is a significant problem after selective thoracic fusion for primary thoracic and compensatory lumbar curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, longitudinal studies on postoperative behavior of coronal balance are lacking. This multicenter retrospective study was conducted to analyze factors related to onset and remodeling of postoperative coronal imbalance after posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke 1C and 2C AIS. METHODS: Twenty-one Lenke 1C or 2C AIS patients, who underwent posterior thoracic fusion ending at L3 or above, were included with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474006/curve-flexibility-in-cerebral-palsy-related-neuromuscular-scoliosis-does-the-intraoperative-prone-radiograph-reveal-more-flexibility-than-preoperative-radiographs
#16
Zubair Chaudry, John T Anderson
BACKGROUND: Spinal flexibility is determined preoperatively by manipulating the spine and assessing, radiographically, to what extent the amount of deformity reduces. Quantifying spinal flexibility is important when determining the approach to the planned operation in order to achieve the most optimal spinal correction and balance. Currently, supine traction radiography is a popular method used in patients with severe, cerebral palsy-related neuromuscular scoliosis. The different methods for determining spinal flexibility have been studied extensively in the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis population...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435906/low-back-pain-in-older-adults-risk-factors-management-options-and-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
Arnold Yl Wong, Jaro Karppinen, Dino Samartzis
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major disabling health conditions among older adults aged 60 years or older. While most causes of LBP among older adults are non-specific and self-limiting, seniors are prone to develop certain LBP pathologies and/or chronic LBP given their age-related physical and psychosocial changes. Unfortunately, no review has previously summarized/discussed various factors that may affect the effective LBP management among older adults. Accordingly, the objectives of the current narrative review were to comprehensively summarize common causes and risk factors (modifiable and non-modifiable) of developing severe/chronic LBP in older adults, to highlight specific issues in assessing and treating seniors with LBP, and to discuss future research directions...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428982/biomechanical-effect-of-pedicle-screw-distribution-in-ais-instrumentation-using-a-segmental-translation-technique-computer-modeling-and-simulation
#18
Xiaoyu Wang, A Noelle Larson, Dennis G Crandall, Stefan Parent, Hubert Labelle, Charles G T Ledonio, Carl-Eric Aubin
BACKGROUND: Efforts to select the appropriate number of implants in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) instrumentation are hampered by a lack of biomechanical studies. The objective was to biomechanically evaluate screw density at different regions in the curve for AIS correction to test the hypothesis that alternative screw patterns do not compromise anticipated correction in AIS when using a segmental translation technique. METHODS: Instrumentation simulations were computationally performed for 10 AIS cases...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413830/an-observational-study-on-surgically-treated-adult-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-quality-of-life-outcomes-at-1-and-2-year-follow-ups-and-comparison-to-controls
#19
Jennifer C Theis, Anna Grauers, Elias Diarbakerli, Panayiotis Savvides, Allan Abbott, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: Prospective data on health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated surgically as adults is needed. We compared preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data in surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis with juvenile or adolescent onset. Results were compared to untreated adults with scoliosis and population normative data. METHODS: A comparison of preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data of 75 adults surgically treated for idiopathic scoliosis at a mean age of 28 years (range 18 to 69) from a prospective national register study, as well as a comparison with age- and sex-matched data from 75 untreated adults with less severe scoliosis and 75 adults without scoliosis, was made...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405634/adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-their-parents-have-a-positive-attitude-towards-the-thermobrace-monitor-results-from-a-survey
#20
Sabrina Donzelli, Fabio Zaina, Gregorio Martinez, Francesca Di Felice, Alberto Negrini, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: A temperature monitor is used to objectively measure brace wear time in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The reliability of this device have been demonstrated, and some specialists introduced the use of a compliance monitor as a standard of care in everyday clinical practice, as we did since 2010 with the Thermobrace (TB). The attitude towards these objective monitors has never been investigated. The present study aims to investigate the attitude of parents and patients towards the use of temperature sensors for measuring brace wear compliance...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
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