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Europe's Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899808/social-support-and-symptom-severity-among-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-or-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Véronique Palardy, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fredette, Elias Rizkallah, Stéphane Guay
Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD/A) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are characterized by major behavioral dysruptions that may affect patients' social and marital functioning. The disorders' impact on interpersonal relationships may also affect the quality of support patients receive from their social network. The main goal of this systematic review is to determine the association between social or marital support and symptom severity among adults with PD/A or OCD. A systematic search of databases was executed and provided 35 eligible articles...
March 2018: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899807/the-flow-engine-framework-a-cognitive-model-of-optimal-human-experience
#2
Milija Šimleša, Jérôme Guegan, Edouard Blanchard, Franck Tarpin-Bernard, Stéphanie Buisine
Flow is a well-known concept in the fields of positive and applied psychology. Examination of a large body of flow literature suggests there is a need for a conceptual model rooted in a cognitive approach to explain how this psychological phenomenon works. In this paper, we propose the Flow Engine Framework, a theoretical model explaining dynamic interactions between rearranged flow components and fundamental cognitive processes. Using an IPO framework (Inputs - Processes - Outputs) including a feedback process, we organize flow characteristics into three logically related categories: inputs (requirements for flow), mediating and moderating cognitive processes (attentional and motivational mechanisms) and outputs (subjective and objective outcomes), describing the process of the flow...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899806/why-is-working-memory-performance-unstable-a-review-of-21-factors
#3
REVIEW
Rachael N Blasiman, Christopher A Was
In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899805/the-mediational-role-of-coping-strategies-in-the-relationship-between-self-esteem-and-risk-of-internet-addiction
#4
Rocco Servidio, Ambra Gentile, Stefano Boca
The aim of the present study is to explore, through a mediation model, the relationship among self-esteem, coping strategies, and the risk of Internet addiction in a sample of 300 Italian university students. We submitted the data to a descriptive, mediational comparison between variables (t-test), and correlational statistical analyses. The results confirmed the effect of self-esteem on the risk of Internet addiction. However, we found that the introduction of coping strategies as a mediator gives rise to partial mediation...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899804/effects-of-individual-differences-and-job-characteristics-on-the-psychological-health-of-italian-nurses
#5
Maria Clelia Zurlo, Federica Vallone, Andrew P Smith
The Demand Resources and Individual Effects Model (DRIVE Model) is a transactional model that integrates Demands- Control-Support and Effort-Reward Imbalance models emphasising the role of individual (Coping Strategies; Overcommitment) and job characteristics (Job Demands, Social Support, Decision Latitude, Skill Discretion, Effort, Rewards) in the work-related stress process. The present study aimed to test the DRIVE Model in a sample of 450 Italian nurses and to compare findings with those of a study conducted in a sample of UK nurses...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899803/online-discussion-and-the-moral-pathway-to-identity-politicization-and-collective-action
#6
Augusta Isabella Alberici, Patrizia Milesi
Research on the mobilizing potential of the Internet has produced some controversy between optimistic vs. skeptical perspectives. Although some attention has been paid to the effects of online discussions on collective participation, very little is known about how people's experience of online interactions affects the key psychosocial predictors of collective action. The present research investigated whether use of the Internet as a channel for deliberation influenced the moral pathway to collective mobilization by shaping users' politicized identity, thereby indirectly influencing collective action...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899802/to-seek-or-not-to-seek-advice-talking-about-romantic-issues-during-emerging-adulthood
#7
Semira Tagliabue, Maria Giulia Olivari, Cristina Giuliani, Emanuela Confalonieri
The aim of the study was to explore whether and how emerging adults talk about their romantic relationships with their close others, especially their parents and friends, also considering gender differences. Data were collected via eight single-sex focus groups conducted with 50 Italian emerging adults (aged 18-25), and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged. The first was labeled "to seek advice", which was divided into three subthemes: "I look for different points of view," "I treasure other people's words," and "I listen and then do it my own way...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899801/mama-mach-and-papa-mach-parental-machiavellianism-in-relation-to-dyadic-coparenting-and-adolescents-perception-of-parental-behaviour
#8
András Láng
Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Machiavellianism is an antagonistic and socially aversive personality trait. Machiavellianism has been linked to unfavourable outcomes in several different types of relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, workplace relationships)...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899800/culturally-competent-practice-a-mixed-methods-study-among-students-academics-and-alumni-of-clinical-psychology-master-s-programs-in-the-netherlands
#9
Lennie R C Geerlings, Claire L Thompson, Vivian Kraaij, Ger P J Keijsers
This is the first research into preparation for multicultural clinical psychology practice in Europe. It applies the theory of multicultural counselling competency (MCC) to a case study in the Netherlands. It was hypothesized that cross-cultural practice experience, identification as a cultural minority, and satisfaction with cultural training was associated with MCC. The Multicultural Awareness Knowledge and Skills Survey was completed by 106 participants (22 students, 10 academics, 74 alumni) from clinical psychology masters' programs...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899799/psychological-well-being-multiple-identities-and-discrimination-among-first-and-second-generation-immigrant-muslims
#10
Cristina Giuliani, Semira Tagliabue, Camillo Regalia
Given the growing number of Muslim immigrants in Western countries, there is a need for research focusing on their psychological well-being and correlates. The present study investigated whether perceived discrimination is associated with depression and satisfaction with migration through the mediating role of several identity dimensions (ethnic, national, and religious) among 204 first and second generation adult Muslim immigrants living in Italy. They participated in structured interviews, and a multi-group path analysis model was conducted using Mplus...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899798/more-is-not-always-better-the-differentiated-influence-of-empathy-on-different-magnitudes-of-creativity
#11
Sven Form, Christian Kaernbach
Recently, researchers have argued about the importance of social aspects in creativity. Based on these arguments, one could hypothesize that if creativity is indeed about social aspects, then a social ability, such as empathy, will be relevant for creativity as an "interface" allowing the person to connect with others. A thorough review of the literature suggests that the association between empathic abilities and creativity may not be as straightforward as this hypothesis and also two recent empirical studies have suggested...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899797/staying-streetwise-accurate-judgments-of-approaching-aggression-in-older-age
#12
Liam Paul Satchell, Lucy Akehurst, Paul Hayden Morris, Claire Nee
The extant literature has generally demonstrated that young adults can detect the trait aggression of another person with limited information. However, there is little research that investigates the life course persistence of aggression detection accuracy. Here, we aimed to explore the accuracy of older adults at detecting potential aggressors. Thirty-nine older adults (M = 71.49, SD = 7.59) and eighty-seven young adults (M = 20.24, SD = 1.74) made intimidation judgments, via video recordings, for nine people (targets)...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899796/guilt-and-proneness-to-shame-unethical-behaviour-in-vulnerable-and-grandiose-narcissism
#13
Pauline Georgees Poless, Linda Torstveit, Ricardo Gregorio Lugo, Marita Andreassen, Stefan Sütterlin
Narcissists are described as individuals with dysfunctional personality traits such as lack of psychological awareness and empathy. Theories of ethical behaviour assume that unethical actions trigger moral emotions of guilt and shame. Currently, there is a lack of knowledge on moral emotions as dispositional traits and their potential influences on behaviour in individuals with narcissistic traits. The present study examined vulnerable and grandiose narcissism's differences in the propensity to experience guilt and shame as a proneness, across a range of personal transgressions...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899795/aging-anxieties-and-disturbed-eating-in-female-students-it-s-not-all-about-aging-appearance-concern
#14
Béré Mahoney
Fear and anxiety about aging have increased amongst female university students and these personal aging concerns are associated with disturbed eating, also prevalent in this group. Evidence suggests concern about aging appearance could account for the link between aging anxiety and problem eating in young women due to their belief in the thin - youth ideal. However, whether appearance concern is the strongest aging anxiety predictor of global and specific disturbed eating behaviors is unclear. The study examines this in a sample of female students at a Midlands university in the United Kingdom (N = 200, 18 - 39 years) who completed the Anxiety about Aging Scale and the Eating Disorders Inventory-3...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899794/needed-in-psychology-theoretical-precision
#15
EDITORIAL
Jaan Valsiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358990/a-window-into-the-bright-side-of-psychology-interview-with-mihaly-csikszentmihalyi
#16
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Izabela Lebuda
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is one of the most eminent psychologists of the modern era. His ideas, such as flow, or the systems model of creativity, have inspired numerous studies, theoretical analyses as well as pedagogic and psychological interventions. Alongside Martin Seligman, he founded positive psychology and continues to work to promote it. In this interview, he shares the stories behind his scientific interests, sources of scientific ideas and the process of promoting the concepts he had written about...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358989/daydream-believer-rumination-self-reflection-and-the-temporal-focus-of-mind-wandering-content
#17
Daisy Shrimpton, Deborah McGann, Leigh M Riby
Current research into mind-wandering is beginning to acknowledge that this process is one of heterogeneity. Following on from previous findings highlighting the role of self-focus during mind wandering, the present study aimed to examine individual differences in rumination and self-reflection and the impact such styles of self-focus may have on mind-wandering experiences. Thirty-three participants were required to complete the Sustained Attention Response Task (SART), aimed at inducing mind-wandering episodes, whilst also probing the content of thought in terms of temporal focus...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358988/the-sensation-seeking-scale-sss-v-and-its-use-in-latin-american-adolescents-alcohol-consumption-pattern-as-an-external-criterion-for-its-validation
#18
Vanina Schmidt, María Fernanda Molina, María Julia Raimundi
Sensation Seeking is a trait defined by the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense situations and experiences, and the willingness to take physical, social, and financial risks for the sake of such experience. The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) is the most widely used measure to assess this construct. In previous studies a variety of psychometric limitations were found when using the SSS-V with Latin American population. The purpose of this study is to present additional psychometric properties for its use with Latin American adolescents...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358987/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-with-considerations-by-social-risk-status
#19
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
We evaluated the association between physical activity and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population, with consideration by social risk. Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 2031 older adults, ages 60-85. Social risk was classified by measuring four NHANES variables, namely poverty level, education, minority status, and social living status, which were graded on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores corresponding with higher social risk...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358986/cross-cultural-variation-in-political-leadership-styles
#20
Petia Paramova, Herbert Blumberg
Guided by gaps in the literature with regard to the study of politicians the aim of the research is to explore cross-cultural differences in political leaders' style. It compares the MLQ (Avolio & Bass, 2004) scores of elected political leaders (N = 140) in Bulgaria and the UK. The statistical exploration of the data relied on multivariate analyses of covariance. The findings of comparisons across the two groups reveal that compared to British political leaders, Bulgarian leaders were more likely to frequently use both transactional and passive/avoidant behaviours...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
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