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Europe's Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555595/improving-temporal-consistency-of-preferences-the-influence-of-mental-construal
#1
Asli Elif Aydin
Majority of the current literature on mental construal has focused on effects of varying construal levels on preference shifts whereas this research investigates the influence of mental construal on the change of preference consistency over time. Building on construal level theory, we propose that high-level construal, which creates abstract, and decontextualized mental representations, leads individuals to more consistent preferences than low-level construal, which creates concrete, and contextualized mental representations...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555594/the-role-of-prevolitional-processes-in-video-game-playing-a-test-of-the-model-of-goal-directed-behavior-and-the-extended-model-of-goal-directed-behavior
#2
Bibiána Kováčová Holevová
The aim of the current study is to investigate the relationship between prevolitional processes and video game playing. Models of attitude, the model of goal-directed behavior (MGB) and the extended model of goal-directed behavior (EMGB) are tested with structural equation models to analyze the process that leads to video game playing. More specifically, the roles of affective, motivational, habitual processes in video game playing and the goal underlying video game playing are examined. The participants were 210 video game players who completed measures of Attitude, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioral Control, Behavioral Desire, Anticipated Emotions, Intention to Play, intensity of actual and past video game playing (Playing Behavior and Past Playing Behavior) and Goal Desire...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555593/family-acculturation-in-host-and-immigrant-couples-dyadic-research-in-an-italian-context
#3
Nadia Rania, Laura Migliorini, Stefania Rebora
The purpose of this research is to study acculturation strategies and attitudes in central and peripheral domains of host and immigrant couples in an Italian context. The participants were 60 dyads (30 host couples and 30 immigrant couples) who completed a questionnaire based on the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM). Based on the analysis, we found that the general acculturation attitude preferred by immigrant couples is integration, and Italian couples prefer that immigrants adopt it. Furthermore, Italian partners show moderate internal agreement, whereas immigrant couples show a high degree of agreement...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555592/the-mediating-role-of-self-concept-and-coping-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-perceived-stress
#4
Rıza Bayrak, Murat Güler, Nesrin Hisli Şahin
The aim of this study was to examine the role of attachment style, self-concept, and coping strategies, in order to explain the differences in perceived stress factors and stress symptoms, in a mediation model. Participants were 515 university students (302 female and 213 male) aged 17-28 years. The assessment instruments were: Social Comparison Scale, Ways of Coping Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-II, Brief Symptom Inventory and University Students Stress Factors Scale. The results indicated that the effect of anxious attachment on perceived stress factors and stress symptoms was partially mediated by self-concept and coping styles...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555591/the-prospective-association-between-the-five-factor-personality-model-with-health-behaviors-and-health-behavior-clusters
#5
Chelsea Joyner, Ryan E Rhodes, Paul D Loprinzi
To examine the prospective association of personality with individual behavior, multibehavior and clustered health behavior profiles. A prospective study design was employed. Two hundred young adults provided baseline data and 126 (mean age: 21.6 yrs) provide complete data for a 5-month follow-up assessment (63% response rate). Personality and health behaviors (and covariates) were assessed via validated questionnaires. A multibehavior index variable was created ranging from 0-5; two separate health behavior cluster indices were created, including high (4-5 behaviors) vs...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555590/differential-effects-of-workaholism-and-work-engagement-on-the-interference-between-life-and-work-domains
#6
Giovanni Di Stefano, Maria Gaudiino
This study analyzed the differences between workaholism and work engagement in relation to their influence on work-life interference. Workaholism is an addiction to work, characterized by obsessive attitude towards job, whereas work engagement concerns a positive pattern of thoughts and feelings about one's job; these two constructs thus represent pathological and healthy forms of heavy work investment, respectively. As a consequence, it was expected that workaholism and work engagement would have different effects on perceived interference between work and life domains...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555589/investigating-the-effects-of-cultural-mindset-priming-on-evaluation-of-job-performance-behaviors
#7
Vipanchi Mishra, Marcus Bost
Recent reviews of performance evaluation process and practices indicate that there is substantial variability in the structure and formalization of performance evaluations in organizations across cultures and call for further exploration of the role of cultural variables on the performance evaluation process. In the current study, we use self-construal priming procedures to evaluate the effects of cultural mindset on the performance evaluation process. Specifically, the effects of independent (individualistic) and interdependent (collectivistic) mindset priming on relative importance given to performance behaviors when making judgments of overall job performance was investigated...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555588/self-esteem-social-comparison-and-facebook-use
#8
Elisa Bergagna, Stefano Tartaglia
Facebook use is very popular among young people, but many open issues remain regarding the individual traits that are antecedents of different behaviours enacted online. This study aimed to investigate whether the relationship between self-esteem and the amount of time on Facebook could be mediated by a tendency towards social comparison. Moreover, three different modalities of Facebook use were distinguished, i.e., social interaction, simulation, and search for relations. Because of gender differences in technology use and social comparison, the mediation models were tested separately for males and females...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555587/perceptions-of-close-relationship-through-the-machiavellians%C3%A2-dark-glasses-negativity-distrust-self-protection-against-risk-and-dissatisfaction
#9
Tamás Ináncsi, Attila Pilinszki, Tünde Paál, András Láng
It is commonly known from the literature that Machiavellian individuals have negative attitudes towards people and in general towards the world´s affairs. They are distrustful of the intentions of others, and they get cautiously involved into interpersonal interactions and take risks only if that may not have any severe negative consequence. It is also a fact that there are few ventures in life that potentially involve as much insecurity and personal vulnerability as the establishment and maintenance of close relationships...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555586/self-representations-and-music-performance-anxiety-a-study-with-professional-and-amateur-musicians
#10
Claudia Castiglione, Alberto Rampullo, Silvia Cardullo
Individual, social and situational factors might play an important role on the experience of anxiety during musical performances. The present research focused on the relationship between self-representations, including musical self, and performance anxiety among a sample of Italian professional and amateur musicians (N = 100; age, M = 23.40, 50% females). We predicted that higher self-discrepancies (actual vs. future self) would be associated with higher performance anxiety in a musical setting (vs. a non musical one), via musical self, and only in professional musicians...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555585/on-the-very-long-term-effect-of-managing-one-s-own-memory-the-intention-to-forget-improves-recognition-after-a-year-s-delay
#11
Veronika V Nourkova, Alena A Gofman, Mikhail D Kozlov
While such factors as demand characteristics, encoding, and retrieval inhibition were shown to be significant in producing the directed forgetting effect, no attention was paid to whether the intention to manage one's own memory, per se, matters. In the present article, we addressed this important gap in the literature. To control the quality of encoding we ensured that both the to-be-remembered (TBR) and to-be-forgotten (TBF) items were genuinely learned before the manipulation. We used extremely long delays between the memory instructions and testing to release inhibition associated with the content of instructions...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555584/the-big-five-aesthetic-judgment-styles-and-art-interest
#12
Reza Afhami, Shahin Mohammadi-Zarghan
The current study aimed to examine the associations between the Big Five personality dimensions, aesthetic judgment styles, and art interest. Participants (N = 253) were university students in Tehran, Iran. All participants completed measures of personality, aesthetic Judgment styles, and general interest in art. Results suggested that Openness to Experience was related to advanced styles of art judgment and interest in art-related activities. Regression analyses showed that sex (β = .18, t = 3.18, p = .002), Emotional Stability (β = ...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555583/positive-variables-in-adult-patients-who-are-at-different-stages-of-a-naturalistic-psychotherapeutic-treatment
#13
Vanesa C Gongora
This study aimed twofold: 1) to study some positive variables (three paths to well-being, life satisfaction, overall well-being and meaning of life) in adult patients who are at different stages of a naturalistic cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic treatment and 2) to analyze their relationship with the progress during treatment, therapeutic alliance and adherence to treatment from the therapist´s perspective. The sample was composed of 85 outpatients who were in psychotherapeutic treatment. Patients completed the Three Pathways to Well-being Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Well-being Index and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30555582/in-defence-of-machine-learning-debunking-the-myths-of-artificial-intelligence
#14
EDITORIAL
Constance de Saint Laurent
There has been much hype, over the past few years, about the recent progress of artificial intelligence (AI), especially through machine learning. If one is to believe many of the headlines that have proliferated in the media, as well as in an increasing number of scientific publications, it would seem that AI is now capable of creating and learning in ways that are starting to resemble what humans can do. And so that we should start to hope - or fear - that the creation of fully cognisant machine might be something we will witness in our life time...
November 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263080/reconsidering-the-differences-between-shame-and-guilt
#15
Maria Miceli, Cristiano Castelfranchi
Although most researchers maintain that shame and guilt are distinct emotions, the debate on their differences is still open. We aim to show that some of the current distinctions between shame and guilt need to be redrawn, and their adaptive and social implications need to be revisited. We suggest the following distinguishing criteria: the kind of self-evaluation involved (inadequacy versus harmfulness); one's focus on the perceived discrepancy between actual and ideal self versus one's focus on the perceived responsibility for one's fault; and consequently the different domains of self-esteem involved...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263079/the-thorn-in-the-dyad-a-vision-on-parent-child-relationship-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Teresa Del Bianco, Yagmur Ozturk, Ilaria Basadonne, Noemi Mazzoni, Paola Venuti
Parents and children form a family: their characteristics balance personal and family well-being with healthy levels of stress. Research on parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrated that higher levels of parental stress are associated with communication impairment, a core symptom of ASD. The aim of this article is to discuss the connection between non-verbal communication impairment and parental psychological distress, in families with children with ASD. The interaction between atypical communication and distress of parents likely determines a cascade effect on the parent-child dyad; in fact, it decreases the quality and frequency of interactions, preventing the establishment of a healthy parent-child relationship and leading to a series of collateral problems...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263078/the-impact-of-personality-in-the-selection-of-teacher-students-is-there-more-to-it-than-the-big-five
#17
Corinna Koschmieder, Barbara Weissenbacher, Jürgen Pretsch, Aljoscha C Neubauer
The bandwidth-fidelity dilemma is a controversially discussed problem in personality measurement. In this study, we contrasted the utility of broad versus narrow personality traits in an admission exam for teacher students. We compared the Big Five and narrow personality constructs (social-communicative behavior, achievement behavior, health and recreation behavior), which were part of an assessment battery for teacher student selection (N = 1120), regarding overlap and predictive validity. As criterion variables, academic satisfaction (N = 184) and GPA (N = 680) were assessed later...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263077/exploring-performance-calibration-in-relation-to-better-or-worse-than-average-effect-in-physical-education
#18
Athanasios Kolovelonis, Eleni Dimitriou
The aim of this study was to explore students' calibration of sport performance in relation to better or worse than average effect in physical education settings. Participants were 147 fifth and sixth grade students (71 boys, 76 girls) who were tested in a soccer passing accuracy test after they had provided estimations for their own and their peers' performance in this test. Based on students' actual and estimated performance, calibration indexes of accuracy and bias were calculated. Moreover, students were classified in better, worse, or equal than average groups based on estimated scores of their own and their peers' average performance...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263076/developing-value-orientations-in-family-therapy-trainees-a-three-year-investigation
#19
Claude-Hélène Mayer, Rudolf M Oosthuizen
Family therapy has advanced as an important therapeutic approach in Europe and, in Germany, future family therapists enter a three-year-training programme every year. Family therapist trainees (FTTs) have hardly been studied in terms of their value-orientations (VOs) and how they see the world. This study aims at researching the value-orientation developments in FTTs during the three-year training period and based on the Schwartz value model. A longitudinal study was carried out over a three-year period. The sample consisted of 65 FTTs...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263075/emotional-intelligence-and-self-perception-in-adolescents
#20
Alejandra Daniela Calero, Juan Pablo Barreyro, Irene Injoque-Ricle
Emotional intelligence includes self-perception regarding attention to feelings, clarity of feelings and mood repair. The aim of this work is to study the relationship between emotional intelligence, self-concept, and self-esteem. The sample included 137 adolescents from Buenos Aires City, that attended middle school, with a mean age of 13.12 years old (SD = 1.79). Correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were performed. Results showed significant positive correlations between self-esteem and clarity of feelings on the complete sample and the female subsample, and between mood repair and self-esteem on the male subsample...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
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