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Europe's Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904603/mindfulness-based-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Sanja Bojic, Rodrigo Becerra
Despite the increasing number of studies examining the effects of mindfulness interventions on symptoms associated with Bipolar Disorder (BD), the effectiveness of this type of interventions remains unclear. The aim of the present systematic review was to (i) critically review all available evidence on Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) as a form of intervention for BD; (ii) discuss clinical implications of MBCT in treating patients with BD; and (iii) provide a direction for future research. The review presents findings from 13 studies (N = 429) that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (i) included BD patients; (ii) presented results separately for BD patients and control groups (where a control group was available); (iii) implemented MBCT intervention; (iv) were published in English; (v) were published in a peer reviewed journal; and (vi) reported results for adult participants...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904602/there-is-an-unconscious-but-it-may-well-be-conscious
#2
Bernardo Kastrup
Depth psychology finds empirical validation today in a variety of observations that suggest the presence of causally effective mental processes outside conscious experience. I submit that this is due to misinterpretation of the observations: the subset of consciousness called "meta-consciousness" in the literature is often mistaken for consciousness proper, thereby artificially creating space for an "unconscious." The implied hypothesis is that all mental processes may in fact be conscious, the appearance of unconsciousness arising from our dependence on self-reflective introspection for gauging awareness...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904601/from-militant-voices-to-militant-irony-examining-identity-memory-and-conflict-in-the-basque-country
#3
Ignacio Brescó de Luna
Collective memory and identity so often go hand in hand with conflicts. Alongside the use of violence, conflicts unfold against the backdrop of different narratives about the past through which groups constantly remind themselves of the supposed origin of the conflict, and consequently, what position individuals are expected to take as members of the group. Narratives - as symbolic tools for interpreting the past and the present, as well as happenings that have yet to occur - simultaneously underpin, and are underpinned by, the position held by each warring faction...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904600/psychological-functions-of-semiotic-borders-in-sense-making-liminality-of-narrative-processes
#4
Raffaele De Luca Picione, Jaan Valsiner
In this paper we discuss the semiotic functions of the psychological borders that structure the flow of narrative processes. Each narration is always a contextual, situated and contingent process of sensemaking, made possible by the creation of borders, such as dynamic semiotic devices that are capable of connecting the past and the future, the inside and the outside, and the me with the non-me. Borders enable us to narratively construct one's own experiences using three inherent processes: contextualization, intersubjective positioning and setting of pertinence...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904599/the-effectiveness-of-a-parent-training-program-for-promoting-cognitive-performance-in-preschool-children
#5
Elahe Vahidi, Amir Aminyazdi, Hossein Kareshki
The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent training program for promoting cognitive performance of young children through enriching the parent-child interactions among mothers of preschool-aged children in Mashhad, Iran. A total of 29 couples of mothers and their children were assigned to an experimental group (n = 16 couples) and a control group (n = 13 couples). Mothers in the experimental group participated in 12 weekly sessions and were trained how to enrich their daily parent-child interactions as such...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904598/delusional-ideation-cognitive-processes-and-crime-based-reasoning
#6
Dean J Wilkinson, Laura S Caulfield
Probabilistic reasoning biases have been widely associated with levels of delusional belief ideation (Galbraith, Manktelow, & Morris, 2010; Lincoln, Ziegler, Mehl, & Rief, 2010; Speechley, Whitman, & Woodward, 2010; White & Mansell, 2009), however, little research has focused on biases occurring during every day reasoning (Galbraith, Manktelow, & Morris, 2011), and moral and crime based reasoning (Wilkinson, Caulfield, & Jones, 2014; Wilkinson, Jones, & Caulfield, 2011). 235 participants were recruited across four experiments exploring crime based reasoning through different modalities and dual processing tasks...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904597/machiavellianism-relationship-satisfaction-and-romantic-relationship-quality
#7
Gayle Brewer, Loren Abell
Machiavellianism is characterised by a manipulative interpersonal style, willingness to exploit others, and a preference for emotionally detached relationships. The present studies investigate the extent to which Machiavellianism influences relationship satisfaction and romantic relationship quality. In Study 1, 194 heterosexual partnered women completed Machiavellianism and Relationship Satisfaction measures. Women with higher levels of Machiavellianism reported lower levels of relationship satisfaction. In Study 2, 132 heterosexual partnered women completed Machiavellianism, Trust, Commitment, Control, and Emotional Abuse scales...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904596/a-psychobiographical-study-of-intuition-in-a-writer-s-life-paulo-coelho-revisited
#8
Claude-Hélène Mayer, David Maree
Intuition is defined as a form of knowledge which materialises as awareness of thoughts, feelings and physical sensations. It is a key to a deeper understanding and meaningfulness. Intuition, used as a psychological function, supports the transmission and integration of perceptions from unconscious and conscious realms. This study uses a psychobiographical single case study approach to explore intuition across the life span of Paulo Coelho. Methodologically, the study is based on a single case study, using the methodological frame of Dilthey's modern hermeneutics...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904595/a-cross-continental-study-on-children-s-drawings-of-football-players-implications-for-understanding-key-issues-and-controversies-in-human-figure-drawings
#9
Bahman Baluch, Linda J Duffy, Rokhsareh Badami, Elisangela C Ap Pereira
Professionals examine various aspects of girls' and boys' drawings as a way of understanding their intelligence, personality and emotional state. However, the extent to which such measures could be universally generalised or attributed to a specific cultural norm is still a debatable issue. In the present study five key features of children's drawings namely: the size (height) of the drawings, profile or full face, figure in action or static, shaded or non-shaded and the nature of additional details were examined from a cross-cultural perspective, and by providing a topic (football) for which children's drawing of a human figure could provide opportunities for the latter indices to manifest and flourish...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904594/psychological-well-being-in-italian-families-an-exploratory-approach-to-the-study-of-mental-health-across-the-adult-life-span-in-the-blue-zone
#10
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Jessica Ferrai, Maria Pietronilla Penna
Self-reported measures of psychological well-being and depressive symptoms were examined across differently aged family members, while controlling for the impact of marital status and personal satisfaction about family and non-family relations. Twenty-one grandchildren (i.e., ages 21-36 years) were recruited with their parents (i.e., 48-66 years old) and grandparents (i.e., 75-101 years of age) in the 'blue zone' of Ogliastra, an Italian area known for the longevity of its inhabitants. Each participant was individually presented a battery of questionnaires assessing their lifestyle and several perceived mental health indices, including the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS, Tennant et al...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904593/criteria-for-the-transition-to-adulthood-developmental-features-of-emerging-adulthood-and-views-of-the-future-among-greek-studying-youth
#11
Evangelia Galanaki, Sophie Leontopoulou
This study investigated emerging adulthood and transition to adulthood in Greece, a highly underresearched issue in this country. Participants were 784 university students aged 17.5-27.5 years. Criteria for the transition to adulthood, developmental features of emerging adulthood, perceived adult status, views of the future (optimism), and sociodemographic variables were assessed. The results support the existence of emerging adulthood as a distinct life period in Greece. More than two thirds of the sample were self-perceived emerging adults...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904592/measuring-teacher-job-satisfaction-assessing-invariance-in-the-teacher-job-satisfaction-scale-tjss-across-six-countries
#12
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Guido Veronese
Work and organizational psychology has long been concerned with measuring job satisfaction in organizational contexts, and this has carried across to the field of education, leading to a research focus on the work-related satisfaction of teachers. Today, a myriad of organizations continue to assess employees' job satisfaction on a routine basis (Liu, Borg, & Spector, 2004). Unfortunately, a sort of balkanization of the field has resulted in the production of dozens of specific measurement tools, making it difficult to cross-compare samples and contexts...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904591/representations-of-death-among-italian-vegetarians-an-ethnographic-research-on-environment-disgust-and-transcendence
#13
Ines Testoni, Tommaso Ghellar, Maddalena Rodelli, Loriana De Cataldo, Adriano Zamperini
This paper focuses on the motives for vegetarian choices in contemporary Italian food culture, with specific reference to the role of the representations of death. The study adopts a qualitative research design aimed at an in-depth exploration of the reasons for avoiding meat, following an ethnographic method. Twenty-two participants (55% women, 45% men) aged 19-74, all vegetarians or vegans, mainly from Northern and Central Italy, were involved. Data from the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis were examined according to the qualitative thematic analysis: the results show the role of death in the construction of disgust towards meat, running parallel with an emphasis on spirituality, ethical treatment of animals and the environment as reasons for avoiding meat, in particular, the concern-generating disgust and its relationship with the representation of death as a contaminating essence...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904590/psychology-in-the-post-truth-era
#14
EDITORIAL
Vlad Petre Glăveanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580032/psychology-s-fragmentation-and-neglect-of-foundational-assumptions-an-interview-with-fiona-j-hibberd
#15
Fiona J Hibberd, Davood G Gozli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580031/the-meaning-of-voices-in-understanding-and-treating-psychosis-moving-towards-intervention-informed-by-collaborative-formulation
#16
REVIEW
Aoife Lonergan
From a medical perspective, hearing voices is perceived as a symptom of mental illness and their content as largely irrelevant. The effectiveness of antipsychotic medication has made it central to the treatment of psychosis. However pharmacological treatment alone is rarely sufficient for this disabling condition. This review examined the feasibility of formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in psychosis to inform intervention. Examination of the literature demonstrated the need for a paradigm shift to a recovery model, drawing on biopsychosocial factors in formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in the context of a person's life...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580030/conservation-motivation-social-equality-and-left-right-ideological-preferences-in-western-and-eastern-europe
#17
Márton Hadarics
We investigated how attitudes towards social equality can influence the relationship between conservation motivation (or openness) and personal ideological preferences on the left-right dimension, and how this relationship pattern differs between Western and Central & Eastern European (CEE) respondents. Using data from the European Social Survey (2012) we found that individual-level of conservation motivation reduces cultural egalitarianism in both the Western European and the CEE regions, but its connection with economic egalitarianism is only relevant in the CEE region where it fosters economic egalitarianism...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580029/how-does-mentoring-contribute-to-gen-y-employees-intention-to-stay-an-indian-perspective
#18
Mohammad Faraz Naim, Usha Lenka
The present study is aimed at investigating the impact of mentoring on intention to stay of Gen Y employees working in Indian IT industry. Also, the mediating roles of perceived organization support and affective commitment are examined. Primary data were collected from a sample of 314 Gen Y employees (born between 1980-2000) from IT industry in Delhi, NCR India. Data analysis was carried out using AMOS and SPSS to test sequential mediation. Findings reveal that mentoring has a direct influence on intention to stay of Gen Y employees and perceived organization support and affective commitment sequentially mediate the relationship between the two...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580028/vignette-research-on-messy-and-confusing-problems-in-primary-mental-healthcare
#19
E H Dineke Smit, J J L Jan Derksen
The average primary care psychologist feels an ever-widening gap between objective, measurable reality as described and the complex and dynamic reality they experience. To obtain a better understanding of this complex dynamic reality, we conducted an exploratory mixed-method study of primary care psychologists. We asked our participants to write vignettes about messy and confusing problems in the complex context of mental healthcare. We then examined the data in portions, exposed the patterns in the data, and subsequently analysed all in conjunction...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580027/the-effect-of-mortality-salience-and-type-of-life-on-personality-evaluation
#20
Fernando Gordillo, Lilia Mestas, José M Arana, Miguel Ángel Pérez, Eduardo Alejandro Escotto
Mortality salience, or awareness of the inevitability of one's own death, generates a state of anxiety that triggers a defense mechanism for the control of thinking that affects different human activities and psychological processes. This study aims to analyze the effect of mortality salience on the formation of impressions. The sample comprised 135 women who made inferences about a woman's personality from information about her life (type of life, LT: positive, negative), provided through five words, all positive or negative, that appeared surrounding a photograph, together with a sixth word that indicated whether she was "dead" or "alive" at the time (mortality manipulation, MM: dead, alive)...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
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