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Europe's Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580032/psychology-s-fragmentation-and-neglect-of-foundational-assumptions-an-interview-with-fiona-j-hibberd
#1
Fiona J Hibberd, Davood G Gozli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580031/the-meaning-of-voices-in-understanding-and-treating-psychosis-moving-towards-intervention-informed-by-collaborative-formulation
#2
REVIEW
Aoife Lonergan
From a medical perspective, hearing voices is perceived as a symptom of mental illness and their content as largely irrelevant. The effectiveness of antipsychotic medication has made it central to the treatment of psychosis. However pharmacological treatment alone is rarely sufficient for this disabling condition. This review examined the feasibility of formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in psychosis to inform intervention. Examination of the literature demonstrated the need for a paradigm shift to a recovery model, drawing on biopsychosocial factors in formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in the context of a person's life...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580030/conservation-motivation-social-equality-and-left-right-ideological-preferences-in-western-and-eastern-europe
#3
Márton Hadarics
We investigated how attitudes towards social equality can influence the relationship between conservation motivation (or openness) and personal ideological preferences on the left-right dimension, and how this relationship pattern differs between Western and Central & Eastern European (CEE) respondents. Using data from the European Social Survey (2012) we found that individual-level of conservation motivation reduces cultural egalitarianism in both the Western European and the CEE regions, but its connection with economic egalitarianism is only relevant in the CEE region where it fosters economic egalitarianism...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580029/how-does-mentoring-contribute-to-gen-y-employees-intention-to-stay-an-indian-perspective
#4
Mohammad Faraz Naim, Usha Lenka
The present study is aimed at investigating the impact of mentoring on intention to stay of Gen Y employees working in Indian IT industry. Also, the mediating roles of perceived organization support and affective commitment are examined. Primary data were collected from a sample of 314 Gen Y employees (born between 1980-2000) from IT industry in Delhi, NCR India. Data analysis was carried out using AMOS and SPSS to test sequential mediation. Findings reveal that mentoring has a direct influence on intention to stay of Gen Y employees and perceived organization support and affective commitment sequentially mediate the relationship between the two...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580028/vignette-research-on-messy-and-confusing-problems-in-primary-mental-healthcare
#5
E H Dineke Smit, J J L Jan Derksen
The average primary care psychologist feels an ever-widening gap between objective, measurable reality as described and the complex and dynamic reality they experience. To obtain a better understanding of this complex dynamic reality, we conducted an exploratory mixed-method study of primary care psychologists. We asked our participants to write vignettes about messy and confusing problems in the complex context of mental healthcare. We then examined the data in portions, exposed the patterns in the data, and subsequently analysed all in conjunction...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580027/the-effect-of-mortality-salience-and-type-of-life-on-personality-evaluation
#6
Fernando Gordillo, Lilia Mestas, José M Arana, Miguel Ángel Pérez, Eduardo Alejandro Escotto
Mortality salience, or awareness of the inevitability of one's own death, generates a state of anxiety that triggers a defense mechanism for the control of thinking that affects different human activities and psychological processes. This study aims to analyze the effect of mortality salience on the formation of impressions. The sample comprised 135 women who made inferences about a woman's personality from information about her life (type of life, LT: positive, negative), provided through five words, all positive or negative, that appeared surrounding a photograph, together with a sixth word that indicated whether she was "dead" or "alive" at the time (mortality manipulation, MM: dead, alive)...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580026/can-the-factor-structure-of-defense-style-questionnaire-dsq-40-contribute-to-our-understanding-of-parental-acceptance-rejection-bullying-victimization-and-perceived-well-being-in-greek-early-adolescents
#7
Theodoros Giovazolias, Evangelia Karagiannopoulou, Effrosyni Mitsopoulou
Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the DSQ-40 has not been validated in early adolescent populations. The present study sought to determine the factor validity of the DSQ-40 in a sample of Greek primary school students (N = 265). Further, it aimed to investigate the relationship between defense mechanisms and perceived parental acceptance/rejection, the participation in bullying (either as bully or victim) as well as self-reported well being...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580025/using-a-computer-simulation-to-improve-psychological-readiness-for-job-interviewing-in-unemployed-individuals-of-pre-retirement-age
#8
Rimma M Aysina, Galina I Efremova, Zhanna A Maksimenko, Mikhail V Nikiforov
Unemployed individuals of pre-retirement age face significant challenges in finding a new job. This may be partly due to their lack of psychological readiness to go through a job interview. We view psychological readiness as one of the psychological attitude components. It is an active conscious readiness to interact with a certain aspect of reality, based on previously acquired experience. It includes a persons' special competence to manage their activities and cope with anxiety. We created Job Interview Simulation Training (JIST) - a computer-based simulator, which allowed unemployed job seekers to practice interviewing repeatedly in a stress-free environment...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580024/relationships-between-career-indecision-search-for-work-self-efficacy-and-psychological-well-being-in-italian-never-employed-young-adults
#9
Maria Maddalena Viola, Pasquale Musso, Sonia Ingoglia, Alida Lo Coco, Cristiano Inguglia
Although different studies have investigated career choices as cognitive acts of decision-making, non-cognitive components also play an important role. The study tries to develop an empirically based model of career decision-making process linking cognitive (search for work self-efficacy - SWSE) and non-cognitive (psychological well-being - PWB) components. In particular, the study investigates, among 148 never-employed Italian young adults, to what extent the relationship between SWSE and career indecision in terms of lack of readiness (LoR) can be explained by their common relationship with PWB...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580023/do-work-beliefs-moderate-the-relationship-between-work-interruptions-wellbeing-and-psychosomatic-symptoms
#10
Zoi E Zoupanou, Leif W Rydstedt
The purpose of this study was to explore the moderating effects of work beliefs in the relationship between work interruptions and general health, wellbeing and reports of psychosomatic symptoms. Self-report data were gathered from 310 employees from different occupational sectors. Results revealed that beliefs in hard work and morality ethic moderated the positive appraisal of work interruptions and acted as protective factors on impaired general health and wellbeing. The relationship was stronger among employees who endorsed strong beliefs in hard work and did not have regard for morality/ethics as a value...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580022/value-personality-link-measured-with-novel-instruments-developed-with-an-emic-perspective
#11
Suna Tevrüz, Tülay Turgut, Murat Çinko
The first aim of this study is to investigate whether instruments developed with an emic approach in Turkey produce the same trait-value links obtained with studies using near universal instruments, and if emic traits and value concepts are composed under agency and communal conceptions. So, the first aim of this study is to inspect the conceptual similarities in the links between traits and values. The second aim is to examine the moderating effect of disposable income on the strength of the trait-value relationship...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580021/a-cognitive-distortions-and-deficits-model-of-suicide-ideation
#12
Laura L Fazakas-DeHoog, Katerina Rnic, David J A Dozois
Although cognitive distortions and deficits are known risk factors for the development and escalation of suicide ideation and behaviour, no empirical work has examined how these variables interact to predict suicide ideation. The current study proposes an integrative model of cognitive distortions (hopelessness and negative evaluations of self and future) and deficits (problem solving deficits, problem solving avoidance, and cognitive rigidity). To test the integrity of this model, a sample of 397 undergraduate students completed measures of deficits, distortions, and current suicide ideation...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580020/from-the-sylvia-plath-effect-to-social-justice-moving-forward-with-creativity
#13
EDITORIAL
James C Kaufman
The author contrasts an early research passion, creativity and mental illness, with his current interest in creativity and social justice. Kaufman's initial research revolved around the Sylvia Plath Effect, yet was insensitive to broader implications or concerns. As his thinking about creativity has evolved, he is currently more focused on a more positive use for creativity - namely, how creativity can help issues of fairness and equity.
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344681/exploring-the-relationship-between-callous-unemotional-traits-empathy-processing-and-affective-valence-in-a-general-population
#14
Emma M Lethbridge, Paul Richardson, Lisa Reidy, Naira A Taroyan
Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits are personality attributes, which are associated with a deficit of affective valence and reduced empathetic responding in high CU trait clinical populations. The aim of the research was to explore whether a similar pattern of empathy and emotional responding correlated with CU trait manifestation in the general population. A total of 124 participants completed the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Empathy Quotient, an expression recognition task, and a measure of affective response...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344680/adolescents-and-young-adults-na%C3%A3-ve-understandings-of-the-economic-crisis
#15
Anna Emilia Berti, Anna Maria Ajello, Carmela Aprea, Ilaria Castelli, Elisabetta Lombardi, Antonella Marchetti, Davide Massaro, Viviana Sappa, Annalisa Valle
Over the last decade, Financial Literacy (FL) and interventions aimed at improving it, that is Financial Education (FE), have been the focus of increased attention from economists, governments, and international organizations such as the world Bank and OECD, but much less by scholars in the fields of Learning and Instruction. We examined open-ended written answers on the causes of the economic crisis that started in 2007-2008, as given by 381 Italian secondary school and university students, and 268 Swiss Italian-speaking secondary school students...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344679/the-effects-of-test-trial-and-processing-level-on-immediate-and-delayed-retention
#16
Sau Hou Chang
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of test trial and processing level on immediate and delayed retention. A 2 × 2 × 2 mixed ANOVAs was used with two between-subject factors of test trial (single test, repeated test) and processing level (shallow, deep), and one within-subject factor of final recall (immediate, delayed). Seventy-six college students were randomly assigned first to the single test (studied the stimulus words three times and took one free-recall test) and the repeated test trials (studied the stimulus words once and took three consecutive free-recall tests), and then to the shallow processing level (asked whether each stimulus word was presented in capital letter or in small letter) and the deep processing level (whether each stimulus word belonged to a particular category) to study forty stimulus words...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344678/sentimentality-and-nostalgia-in-elderly-people-in-bulgaria-and-greece-cross-validity-of-the-questionnaire-snep-and-cross-cultural-comparison
#17
Stanislava Yordanova Stoyanova, Vaitsa Giannouli, Teodor Krasimirov Gergov
Sentimentality and nostalgia are two similar psychological constructs, which play an important role in the emotional lives of elderly people who are usually focused on the past. There are two objectives of this study - making cross-cultural comparison of sentimentality and nostalgia among Bulgarian and Greek elderly people using a questionnaire, and establishing the psychometric properties of this questionnaire among Greek elderly people. Sentimentality and nostalgia in elderly people in Bulgaria and Greece were studied by means of Sentimentality and Nostalgia in Elderly People questionnaire (SNEP), created by Gergov and Stoyanova (2013)...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344677/the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-mhc-sf-in-the-argentinean-context-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-measurement-invariance
#18
María Laura Lupano Perugini, Guadalupe de la Iglesia, Alejandro Castro Solano, Corey Lee M Keyes
The present research aimed at studying the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2005) in a sample of 1,300 Argentinean adults (50% males; 50% females). Their mean age was 40.28 years old (SD = 13.59). The MHC-SF is a 14 item test that assesses three components (i.e., emotional, social, and psychological) of well-being. Convergent and divergent evidence of construct validity was assessed by conducting confirmatory factor analysis, cross-validation, factorial invariance, and correlations with external criteria...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344676/transmitting-sport-values-the-importance-of-parental-involvement-in-children-s-sport-activity
#19
Francesca Danioni, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
The transmission of positive values between parents and children is generally considered to be the hallmark of successful socialization. As this issue has been widely discussed but surprisingly little researched - especially with reference to core sport values - in this study we aimed to: 1) analyze adolescent athletes' acceptance of the sport values their parents want to transmit to them (i.e., parental socialization values) and 2) examine the relationship between parental involvement in children's sportive activity and adolescents' acceptance of their parents' socialization values...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344675/believing-is-doing-emotion-regulation-beliefs-are-associated-with-emotion-regulation-behavioral-choices-and-subjective-well-being
#20
Catherine Nicole Marie Ortner, Esther Lydia Briner, Zdravko Marjanovic
Research in emotion regulation has begun to examine various predictors of emotion regulation choices, including individual differences and contextual variables. However, scant attention has been paid to the extent to which people's beliefs about the specific consequences of emotion regulation strategies for the components of an emotional response and long-term well-being predict their behavioral regulatory choices and, in turn, their subjective well-being. Participants completed measures to assess their beliefs about the consequences of functional and dysfunctional strategies, behavioral choices of emotion regulation strategies in negative scenarios, and subjective well-being...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
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