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Europe's Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872674/cognition-about-the-creative-process-interview-with-dr-andrew-p-allen
#1
Andrew P Allen, Lynda Loughnane
What is the relationship between the creative process and cognition and perception? Lynda Loughnane, a master's student in Art and Process in Crawford College of Art and Design, Cork, Ireland interviewed Dr Andrew P. Allen about the subject. Areas covered include mindfulness, Type 1 and Type 2 thinking, stage theories of creativity, engagement with the art process and the artwork, phenomenology and consciousness with and without self report. The interview was constructed to cover a wide range of subject matter, so as to gather as much information as possible in layman's language about the cognitive process in relation to creativity and interaction with art...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872673/the-relationship-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-occupational-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Walace Duarte, Rodrigo Becerra, Kate Cruise
Neurocognitive impairment in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been widely reported, even during remission. Neurocognitive impairment has been identified as a contributing factor towards unfavourable psychosocial functioning within this population. The objective of this review was to investigate the association between neurocognitive impairment and occupational functioning in BD. A literature review of English-language journal articles from January 1990 to November 2013 was undertaken utilising the PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge databases...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872672/measuring-the-effects-of-self-awareness-construction-of-the-self-awareness-outcomes-questionnaire
#3
Anna Sutton
Dispositional self-awareness is conceptualized in several different ways, including insight, reflection, rumination and mindfulness, with the latter in particular attracting extensive attention in recent research. While self-awareness is generally associated with positive psychological well-being, these different conceptualizations are also each associated with a range of unique outcomes. This two part, mixed methods study aimed to advance understanding of dispositional self-awareness by developing a questionnaire to measure its outcomes...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872671/effects-of-religious-priming-concepts-on-prosocial-behavior-towards-ingroup-and-outgroup
#4
Jame Bryan L Batara, Pamela S Franco, Mequia Angelo M Quiachon, Dianelle Rose M Sembrero
Several studies show that there is a connection between religion and prosociality (e.g., Saroglou, 2013). To investigate whether there is a causal relationship between these two variables, a growing number of scholars employed priming religious concepts and measure its influence on prosocial behavior (e.g., Pichon, Boccato, & Saroglou, 2007). In the recent development of religious priming, Ritter and Preston (2013) argued that different primes (agent prime, spiritual/abstract prime, and institutional prime) may also have varying influence on prosocial behavior specifically helping an ingroup or an outgroup target...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872670/meaning-making-process-related-to-temporality-during-breast-cancer-traumatic-experience-the-clinical-use-of-narrative-to-promote-a-new-continuity-of-life
#5
Maria Luisa Martino, Maria Francesca Freda
Previous research has agreed that meaning-making is a key element in the promotion of patients' well-being during and after a traumatic event such as cancer. In this paper, we focus on an underestimated key element related to the crisis/rupture of this meaning-making process with respect to the time perspective. We consider 40 narratives of breast cancer patients at different times of treatment, undergoing chemotherapy and biological therapy. We collected data through writing technique. We performed an interpretative thematic analysis of the data and highlighted specific ways to signify time during the different treatment phases...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872669/mothers-and-fathers-in-nicu-the-impact-of-preterm-birth-on-parental-distress
#6
Chiara Ionio, Caterina Colombo, Valeria Brazzoduro, Eleonora Mascheroni, Emanuela Confalonieri, Francesca Castoldi, Gianluca Lista
Preterm birth is a stressful event for families. In particular, the unexpectedly early delivery may cause negative feelings in mothers and fathers. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between preterm birth, parental stress and negative feelings, and the environmental setting of NICU. 21 mothers (age = 36.00 ± 6.85) and 19 fathers (age = 34.92 ± 4.58) of preterm infants (GA = 30.96 ± 2.97) and 20 mothers (age = 40.08 ± 4.76) and 20 fathers (age = 40.32 ± 6.77) of full-term infants (GA = 39...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872668/with-a-little-help-from-my-family-a-mixed-method-study-on-the-outcomes-of-family-support-and-workload
#7
Alessandro Lo Presti, Fulvia D'Aloisio, Sara Pluviano
Our aim was to investigate some predictors and outcomes of family-to-work enrichment (FWE) via a mixed-method approach. We sampled 447 married employees of an Italian factory. Survey results from Study 1 showed that emotional support from family positively predicted FWE, while this latter mediated the associations between the former on one side, and work engagement and life satisfaction on the other. Moreover, extra-household support directly associated positively with life satisfaction. Evidence from 20 anthropological in-depth interviews (Study 2) returned a more complex picture, highlighting the gendered role of partners inside couples, the importance of kinship support, the sense and the value of filiation and parenthood in their connection with job roles, the complex and continuous interplay between family and life domains...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872667/the-relationship-between-accuracy-of-numerical-magnitude-comparisons-and-children-s-arithmetic-ability-a-study-in-iranian-primary-school-children
#8
Hamdollah Manzari Tavakoli
The relationship between children's accuracy during numerical magnitude comparisons and arithmetic ability has been investigated by many researchers. Contradictory results have been reported from these studies due to the use of many different tasks and indices to determine the accuracy of numerical magnitude comparisons. In the light of this inconsistency among measurement techniques, the present study aimed to investigate this relationship among Iranian second grade children (n = 113) using a pre-established test (known as the Numeracy Screener) to measure numerical magnitude comparison accuracy...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872666/fifty-shades-of-unsaid-women-s-explicit-and-implicit-attitudes-towards-sexual-morality
#9
Tiziana Lanciano, Emanuela Soleti, Francesca Guglielmi, Ivan Mangiulli, Antonietta Curci
The movie Fifty Shades of Grey has created a great deal of controversy which has reignited the debate on unusual and alternative sexual practices such as bondage. Erotophobic individuals have negative affect towards the type of sexual libertinism conveyed by the movie, while erotophilic persons have a positive attitude and emotional feelings towards this kind of sexual emancipation. Using the Implicit Association Test, this study aimed to explore the extent to which there is a difference in women's attitudes towards sexual morality on an explicit and implicit level...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872665/if-stigmatized-self-esteem-is-not-enough-effects-of-sexism-self-esteem-and-social-identity-on-leadership-aspiration
#10
Angela Fedi, Chiara Rollero
Ambivalent sexism has many pernicious consequences. Since gender stereotypes also affect leadership roles, the present research investigated the effects of ambivalent sexism on envisioning oneself as a leader. Our studies tested the influence of sexist attitudes (toward women - Study 1 - and men - Study 2) on leadership aspiration, taking into account the interaction among ambivalent attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g. self-esteem), and group processes (e.g. level of identification with gender). Specifically, the current study used a 3 (sexism: hostile, benevolent, control) x 2 (social identification: high, low) x 2 (self-esteem: high, low) factorial design...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872664/general-and-domain-specific-contributions-to-creative-ideation-and-creative-performance
#11
Donggun An, Mark A Runco
The general objective of this study was to reexamine two views of creativity, one positing that there is a general creative capacity or talent and the other that creativity is domain-specific. These two views were compared by (a) testing correlations among measures of domain-general and domain-specific creativity and (b) examining how the general and the specific measures was each related to indices of knowledge, motivation, and personality. Participants were 147 college students enrolled in a foreign language course...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872663/from-the-collective-unconscious-to-the-narrative-unconscious-re-imagining-the-sources-of-selfhood
#12
EDITORIAL
Mark Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547263/three-decades-investigating-humor-and-laughter-an-interview-with-professor-rod-martin
#13
Rod Martin, Nicholas A Kuiper
Since the start of the 21st century, the investigation of various psychological aspects of humor and laughter has become an increasingly prominent topic of research. This growth can be attributed, in no small part, to the pioneering and creative work on humor and laughter conducted by Professor Rod Martin. Dr. Martin's research interests in humor and laughter began in the early 1980s and continued throughout his 32 year long career as a professor of clinical psychology at the University of Western Ontario. During this time, Dr...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547262/three-holy-men-get-haircuts-the-semiotic-analysis-of-a-joke
#14
Arthur Asa Berger
This article deals with a typology of 45 techniques of humor that I found when doing research on the mechanisms that generate humor in texts, lists the techniques and applies them to a Jewish joke. It references the work of Vladimir Propp on folktales as analogous in that both are concerned with mechanisms in text that generate meaning. It also deals with four theories about why people find texts humorous, defines the joke as a short narrative with a punch line that is meant to generate mirthful laughter and defines Jewish humor as being about Jewish people and culture as told by Jewish people...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547261/clowning-in-health-care-settings-the-point-of-view-of-adults
#15
Alberto Dionigi, Carla Canestrari
Within the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in investigating the effects of clown intervention in a large variety of clinical settings. Many studies have focused on the effects of clown intervention on children. However, few studies have investigated clowning effects on adults. This paper presents an overview of the concept of medical clowning followed by a literature review conducted on the empirical studies drawn from three data bases (PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar), with the aim of mapping and discussing the evidence of clowning effects on non-children, namely adults...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547260/consequences-of-laughter-upon-trunk-compression-and-cortical-activation-linear-and-polynomial-relations
#16
Sven Svebak
Results from two studies of biological consequences of laughter are reported. A proposed inhibitory brain mechanism was tested in Study 1. It aims to protect against trunk compression that can cause health hazards during vigorous laughter. Compression may be maximal during moderate durations and, for protective reasons, moderate in enduring vigorous laughs. Twenty-five university students volunteered to see a candid camera film. Laughter responses (LR) and the superimposed ha-responses were operationally assessed by mercury-filled strain gauges strapped around the trunk...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547259/the-german-version-of-the-humor-styles-questionnaire-psychometric-properties-and-overlap-with-other-styles-of-humor
#17
Willibald Ruch, Sonja Heintz
The Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ; Martin et al., 2003) is one of the most frequently used questionnaires in humor research and has been adapted to several languages. The HSQ measures four humor styles (affiliative, self-enhancing, aggressive, and self-defeating), which should be adaptive or potentially maladaptive to psychosocial well-being. The present study analyzes the internal consistency, factorial validity, and factorial invariance of the HSQ on the basis of several German-speaking samples combined (total N = 1,101)...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547258/children-s-understanding-of-self-focused-humor-styles
#18
Lucy Amelia James, Claire Louise Fox
It has been proposed that four main styles of humor exist, two which are thought to be adaptive (affiliative, self-enhancing) and two which are thought to be maladaptive (aggressive, self-defeating). Whilst the existence of these four humor styles has been supported in older children, it is suggested that for younger children, self-enhancing and self-defeating humor may develop at a later point. To investigate this further, the current research involved five semi-structured paired interviews with children aged eight to eleven years to explore the use and understanding of self-enhancing and self-defeating humor in this age group...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547257/birds-of-a-feather-laugh-together-an-investigation-of-humour-style-similarity-in-married-couples
#19
Christian Martin Hahn, Lorne John Campbell
The present research investigated the degree of similarity in humour styles between spouses as assessed with the Humour Styles Questionnaire (HSQ). Furthermore, self-esteem was investigated as a potential moderator of partner humour style similarity. A sample of 116 heterosexual, married couples independently completed questionnaires assessing self-reported humour styles across the 32 item HSQ, as well as global self-esteem. Results indicated that there is significant positive association between the humour styles of married partners...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547256/strategically-funny-romantic-motives-affect-humor-style-in-relationship-initiation
#20
Theresa E DiDonato, Brittany K Jakubiak
Not all humor is the same, yet little is known about the appeal of specific humor styles in romantic initiation. The current experimental study addresses this gap by investigating how romantic motives (short-term or long-term) affect individuals' anticipated use of, and response to, positive humor and negative humor. Heterosexual participants (n = 224) imagined the pursuit of either a desired short-term or long-term relationship, indicated the extent to which they would produce positive and negative humor, and reported how their own interest would change in response to the imaginary target's use of positive or negative humor...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
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