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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830212/statistical-analysis-of-stereoacuity-in-ophthalmology-research
#1
Alireza Peyman, Mohammadreza Peyman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830211/clues-from-crouzon-insights-into-the-potential-role-of-growth-factors-in-the-pathogenesis-of-myelinated-retinal-nerve-fibers
#2
Giancarlo A Garcia, Jack J Tian, Supanut Apinyawasisuk, Sarah Kim, Handan Akil, Alfredo A Sadun
PURPOSE: We present a case of bilateral extensive peripapillary myelinated retinal nerve fibers (MRNF) in an individual with Crouzon syndrome, an inherited form of craniosynostosis caused by overactivation of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2. As a secondary aim, we examine the utility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography for visualization of peripapillary vasculature obscured by myelination on other imaging modalities. METHODS: A 24-year-old woman with Crouzon syndrome was evaluated for suspected optic neuritis in the right eye...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830210/optic-nerve-glioma-with-complete-intraocular-extension
#3
Masoomeh Eghtedari, Seyede Fariba Fattahi, Naser Owji, Mohammad Javad Ashraf, Mohammad Reza Khalili, Bita Geramizadeh
PURPOSE: To present a rare presentation of optic nerve glioma (ONG) with total intraocular extension. METHODS: A 44-year-old man with a history of loss of vision since childhood and recent development of progressive disfiguring proptosis was referred. RESULTS: The vision in the affected eye was no light perception, and a proptosis of about 2-3 mm was present. Computed tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of brain/orbit showed a fusiform enlargement of the left optic nerve and total filling of vitreous cavity by a mass with high signal intensity in T2-weighted MRI...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830209/tear-deformation-time-and-optical-quality-in-eyes-wearing-silicone-hydrogel-contact-lenses
#4
Amir Asharlous, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Samira Heydarian, Ali Taghipour
PURPOSE: To evaluate tear film stability and optical aberrations in eyes wearing plano Lotrafilcon B contact lenses (CL). METHODS: Tear Deformation Time (TDT) and aberrometric parameters were assessed in 86 normal emmetropic eyes before and 6 h after wearing CL. RESULT: A statistically significant decrease in TDT and increase in root mean square (RMS) values of higher order aberrations (HOA) were revealed 6 h after CL insertion (both P < 0...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830208/behavior-disorders-in-children-with-significant-refractive-errors
#5
Gholamhoseyn Aghai, Parvin Dibajnia, Esmat Ashkesh, Mohammadreza Nazari, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of behavioral disorders in children with significant refractive error and to compare the results with those of emmetropic children. METHODS: In this prospective, comparative study from January to September 2013, refractive errors of all 5-12-year-old children who referred to a general eye clinic were recorded. A validated Persian version of the Rutter A scale was filled out by the parents for the evaluation of the child's behavioral disorders...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830207/the-role-of-interactive-binocular-treatment-system-in-amblyopia-therapy
#6
Zhale Rajavi, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Ebrahim Amini Sharifi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri
PURPOSE: To determine the role of Interactive Binocular Treatment (I-BiT™) as a complementary method of patching in amblyopia therapy. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial study, 50 unilateral amblyopic children (25 male/25 female) between 3 and 10 years with either best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≤20/30 in the amblyopic eye or a difference of BCVA ≥ 2 lines between the two eyes were included. They were randomly classified into the case and control groups (25 in each)...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830206/a-novel-technique-for-full-thickness-medial-canthal-reconstruction-playing-with-broken-lines
#7
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi, Syed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie
PURPOSE: To introduce a new modification of transposition flap technique for reconstruction of the medial canthal region. METHODS: This prospective study included 58 patients with the full thickness involvement of both upper and lower lid in the medial canthal area. Reconstruction of posterior lamella was performed by utilizing periosteal flaps and tarsoconjunctival grafts, and anterior lamellar reconstruction was performed using transposition of multiple full-thickness skin flaps, a modified form of rhomboid flap technique...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830205/comparison-of-subthreshold-diode-laser-micropulse-therapy-versus-conventional-photocoagulation-laser-therapy-as-primary-treatment-of-diabetic-macular-edema
#8
Farhad Fazel, Majid Bagheri, Khodayar Golabchi, Hamidreza Jahanbani Ardakani
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of subthreshold diode laser micropulse (SDM) in comparison with conventional laser photocoagulation in the treatment of the diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Sixty-eight eyes from 68 patients with clinically significant DME were divided randomly into two equal groups. In the first group, SDM photocoagulation was employed, while conventional laser photocoagulation was performed on the eyes of the second group...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830204/outcomes-of-vitrectomy-membranectomy-and-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-in-patients-with-refractory-diabetic-macular-edema-and-non-tractional-epiretinal-membrane
#9
Fariba Ghassemi, Fatemeh Bazvand, Ramak Roohipoor, Mehdi Yaseri, Narges Hassanpoor, Mohammad Zarei
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of vitrectomy, membranectomy, and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling on macular thickness and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in patients with refractory diffuse diabetic macular edema (DME) and non-tractional epiretinal membrane (NT-ERM). METHODS: This prospective interventional case series included eyes with refractory DME (central subfield macular thickness [CSMT] > 300 μm) after at least two intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (IVB) and one intravitreal injection of triamcinolone (IVT), and accompanying NT-ERM...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830203/corneal-aberration-changes-after-rigid-gas-permeable-contact-lens-wear-in-keratokonic-patients
#10
Fereshteh Shokrollahzadeh, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Soheila Asgari
PURPOSE: To determine the short-term effect of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses on corneal aberrations in keratoconic patients. METHOD: Sixteen keratoconic eyes with no history of RGP lens wear were included. They all had corneal aberrometry using Pentacam, and different aberration indices of the anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea were measured before and 3 months after fitting RGP lenses. The effect of baseline parameters on these changes was tested in univariate and multiple models...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830202/comparison-of-the-visual-acuity-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-using-early-treatment-diabetic-retinopathy-study-chart-and-e-chart
#11
Saeedeh Ghorbanhosseini, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To compare the visual responses of post refractive surgery's patients using Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Chart (ETDRS) and E-chart with and without color filters. METHODS: The uncorrected Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution Visual Acuity (LogMAR VA) of 70 patients with a mean age of 26.2 ± 3.76 years (from 19 to 34 years) who had undergone Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) (the range of post operation refractive error: ±0.5 D) was measured under the light conditions of with and without asymmetrical glare by using red, green, and yellow filters and ETDRS chart and E-chart...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830201/corneal-biomechanics-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-versus-q-value-guided-femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis
#12
Jun Zhang, Li Zheng, Xia Zhao, Yang Xu, Shu Chen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the changes in corneal biomechanical properties following small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) versus Q-value-guided femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (Q-FS-LASIK). METHODS: In this prospective comparative study, patients with a sphere plus cylinder measurement of less than -10.00 D and cylinder measurement of less than -5.00 D were included in the study. A total of 160 patients (160 eyes) with myopia and myopic astigmatism were divided into the two groups, with 80 patients (80 eyes) allocated to SMILE and 80 patients (80 eyes) allocated to Q-FS-LASIK...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830200/photorefractive-keratectomy-for-patients-with-preoperative-low-schirmer-test-value
#13
Elham Tanbakouee, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Mohammad Aghazadeh-Amiri, Mehdi Tabatabaee, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia
PURPOSE: To compare dry eye signs and symptoms between patients with preoperative low and normal Schirmer test after Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: In this prospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series, 76 eyes of 76 patients were preoperatively categorized into two groups according to selected criteria for characterization of tear film status: the low Schirmer test value (STV) group and the normal STV group. For the tear function assessment, we performed a Schirmer test with and without anesthesia, tear break-up time (TBUT) test, and measurement dry eye symptoms using the Farsi translation of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire pre- and 3 months post-operation...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830199/qualitative-evaluation-of-anterior-segment-in-angle-closure-disease-using-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography
#14
Sasan Moghimi, Rebecca Chen, Nikoo Hamzeh, Nassim Khatibi, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate different mechanisms of primary angle closure (PAC) and to quantify anterior chamber (AC) parameters in different subtypes of angle closure disease using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: In this prospective study, 115 eyes of 115 patients with angle closure disease were included and categorized into three groups: 1) fellow eyes of acute angle closure (AAC; 40 eyes); 2) primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG; 39 eyes); and 3) primary angle closure suspect (PACS; 36 eyes)...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830198/trachoma-past-present-and-future
#15
REVIEW
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Mojtaba Abrishami, Ahmad Masoumi, Hassan Hashemi
PURPOSE: To review the background, epidemiology and current management of trachoma in endemic areas and worldwide. METHODS: Review of literature. RESULTS: Trachoma is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in developing countries. It was reported as one of the seven most neglected tropical diseases that can be prevented via drug administration. Its infliction is primarily aimed at those living in areas deprived of clean water and proper sanitation...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830197/this-issue-at-a-glance
#16
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830196/vitrectomy-for-diabetic-macular-edema-where-are-we
#17
EDITORIAL
Mehdi Modarres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830195/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-in-subtypes-of-angle-closure-glaucoma
#18
EDITORIAL
Kouros Nouri-Mahdavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579462/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-fishman-syndrome-a-rare-neurocutaneous-syndrome
#19
Mohammad Sharifi, Maral Namdari
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) presented with characteristic multiple organ involvement. METHODS: A 7-day-old white Iranian girl was referred with ocular, skin and brain abnormalities. RESULTS: The findings of nevus psiloliparus, eyelid choristoma and intracranial lipoma were consistent with ECCL. CONCLUSION: Since the skin and ocular manifestations can be easily observed at birth examination, pediatricians and ophthalmologists should be aware of this condition...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579461/endophthalmitis-caused-by-acinetobacter-spp-as-the-presenting-manifestation-of-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Mohammad Mehdi Parvaresh, Amir Abbas Mehrpouya, Rahimeh Ganji Anari, Mohammadreza Aghamirsalim, Kaveh Abri Aghdam, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani
PURPOSE: We describe a patient with endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Acinetobacter spp. as the first clinical presentation of diabetes mellitus. METHOD: A 48-year-old otherwise healthy woman was referred with signs and symptoms of acute endophthalmitis in the left eye. Systemic work-up, vitreous tap, and intravitreal antibiotic injection were performed followed by pars plana vitrectomy. RESULTS: The laboratory tests confirmed the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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