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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270484/ocular-manifestations-in-edward-s-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Afsaneh Malekpoor
Purpose: To report a case with Edward's syndrome and ocular manifestations. Methods: A three-year-old female visited our clinic. The diagnosis of Edward's Syndrome was made prior to the ophthalmic visit based on a karyotype study report. Complete ophthalmic evaluations were done for the patient. Results: On the initial ophthalmic examination, bilateral ptosis, epicanthal folds, and 40 prism diopters alternate esotropia (ET) were seen. In the fundus examination, decreased red reflexes along with retinal folds, pigmentary retinopathy (patches of hyperpigmentation in the fovea and retinal periphery), and optic disc atrophy in both eyes were seen...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270483/removal-of-subfoveal-perfluorocarbon-liquid-report-of-3-cases
#2
Ahmad Mirshahi, Fariba Ghasemi, Mohmmad Zarei, Reza Karkhaneh, Aliasghar Ahmadraji, Philip J Polkinghorne
Purpose: To report removal of retained subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) after vitrectomy for retinal detachment. Methods: Three patients underwent 3-port 23-gauge vitrectomy in an attempt to remove retained subfoveal PFCL bubble secondary to retinal detachment surgery. In two patients, removal was achieved via a 23-G needle whereas the third patient with multiple small subfoveal droplets, multiple punctures were required and in that case a small 40-G needle was used...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270482/can-acupuncture-therapy-help-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#3
Firouzeh Fereydouni, Vahid Qasemi, Siamak Moradian, SeyyedMehdi Tabatabaee
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture therapy on visual function of patients with retinitis-pigmentosa (RP). Methods: In a prospective study, 23 RP subjects received ten sessions of body-acupuncture. Pre and post-treatment evaluations included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), near visual acuity (NVA), and static 30-2 perimetry. Results: UCVA, BCVA, and NVA improvements after acupuncture therapy were statistically and clinically significant (P = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270481/traumatic-glaucoma-due-to-paintball-injuries-a-case-series
#4
Kelly M Lee, Christopher Seery, Albert S Khouri
Purpose: To study the management and outcomes of patients with paintball injuries resulting in traumatic glaucoma. Methods: A retrospective review was performed, identifying four patients with a confirmed diagnosis of traumatic glaucoma secondary to paintball sports. Results: Four male patients with paintball gun injuries presented with a mean follow-up time of 51 months after the date of injury. The mean age was 23.5 ± 18.6 years. Three patients presented with blunt trauma, while one patient had a ruptured globe...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270480/ultrasonographic-motion-analysis-of-lower-eyelid-compartments-in-patients-with-chronic-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#5
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Konstantinos Papageorgiou, Mehryar Taban, Catherine J Hwang, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi, Robert A Goldberg
Purpose: To present the qualitative and quantitative ultrasonographic findings of lower eyelid compartments in patients with chronic thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) compared to normal subjects. Methods: In a prospective study, dynamic and static ultrasonographic investigation, applying high resolution (15 MHz) ultrasound was performed to assess the lower eyelid, in 15 TAO patients that were in chronic phase and 10 normal subjects. The thickness and echogenisity of dermis, orbicular oculi muscle, lower eyelid retractor muscle, lower eyelid fat pads, and their qualitative relationships during vertical excursion of the globe were evaluated in static and dynamic investigation...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270479/the-prevalence-of-uncorrected-refractive-errors-in-underserved-rural-areas
#6
Hassan Hashemi, Hedayat Abbastabar, Abbasali Yekta, Samira Heydarian, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
Purpose: To determine the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, need for spectacles, and the determinants of unmet need in underserved rural areas of Iran. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, multistage cluster sampling was done in 2 underserved rural areas of Iran. Then, all subjects underwent vision testing and ophthalmic examinations including the measurement of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity, visual acuity with current spectacles, auto-refraction, retinoscopy, and subjective refraction...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270478/chronic-subclinical-inflammation-after-phakic-intraocular-lenses-implantation-comparison-between-artisan-and-artiflex-models
#7
Alireza Hedayatfar, Hassan Hashemi, Soheila Asghari, Negin Badie, Mohammad Miraftab
Purpose: To compare chronic subclinical inflammation induced after implantation of Artisan vs. Artiflex phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs). Methods: This prospective, comparative, non-randomized study included consecutive patients with moderate to high myopia who underwent Artisan or Artiflex pIOL implantation with standard surgery and postoperative care. Anterior chamber flare was assessed quantitatively using laser flare photometry (LFP) at baseline, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 2 years after surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270477/the-quantitative-measurements-of-foveal-avascular-zone-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-normal-volunteers
#8
Fariba Ghassemi, Reza Mirshahi, Fatemeh Bazvand, Kaveh Fadakar, Houshang Faghihi, Siamak Sabour
Purpose: To provide normative data of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and thickness. Methods: In this cross-sectional study both eyes of each normal subject were scanned with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) for foveal superficial and deep avascular zone (FAZ) and central foveal thickness (CFT) and parafoveal thickness (PFT). Results: Out of a total of 224 eyes of 112 volunteers with a mean age of 37.03 (12-67) years, the mean superficial FAZ area was 0...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270476/investigation-of-the-effects-of-islamic-fasting-on-ocular-parameters
#9
Mohamad-Reza Sedaghat, Javad Heravian, Farshad Askarizadeh, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Mohsen Nematy, Tahereh Rakhshandadi, Maryam-Sadat Amirkalali-Sijavandi, Fatemeh Shahsavan, Foroozan Narooie-Noori
Purpose: To investigate the effects of religious fasting during the month of Ramadan on intraocular pressure (IOP), refractive error, corneal tomography and biomechanics, ocular biometry, and tear film layer properties. Methods: This prospective study was carried out one week before and in the last week of Ramadan. Ninety-four eyes of 94 healthy adult volunteers (54 males and 40 females) with a mean ± SD age of 35.12 ± 9.07 were enrolled in this study. Patients with any systemic disorder, ocular disease, or a history of previous surgery were excluded...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270475/comparison-of-free-conjunctival-autograft-versus-amniotic-membrane-transplantation-for-pterygium-surgery
#10
Mitra Akbari, Reza Soltani-Moghadam, Ramin Elmi, Ehsan Kazemnejad
Purpose: To compare the recurrence rate and surgical outcomes of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) and free conjunctival autograft (CAT) for pterygium surgery. Methods: In this prospective study, 60 patients with primary pterygium were randomly assigned to two groups of CAT or AMT and were compared in terms of recurrence rate, mean healing time of corneal epithelial defects, the mean level of inflammation, and complications. Results: The mean ± SD age of patients was 48...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270474/optical-aberrations-accommodation-and-visual-acuity-with-a-bioanalogic-continuous-focus-intraocular-lens-after-cataract-surgery
#11
Heidar Siatiri, Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Afsaneh Gholami, Elham Ashrafi, Nassim Siatiri, Reza Mirshahi
Purpose: To evaluate the visual outcomes, pseudoaccommodation, and wavefront aberrometry after implantation of Wichterle IOL-Continuous Focus (WIOL-CF®, Gelmed International, Kamenne Zehrovice, Czech Republic) by i-Trace aberrometry. Methods: In this retrospective interventional case series study, after cataract surgery with implantation of accommodative WIOL-CF®, the patients were evaluated with i-Trace aberrometer for measurement of modulation transfer function (MTF), point spread function (PSF), total aberrations, higher order aberrations (HOAs) at far and near and pseudoaccommodation...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270473/dry-eye-signs-and-symptoms-in-night-time-workers
#12
Ali Makateb, Hamed Torabifard
Purpose: To determine the effect of night-time working on dry eye signs and symptoms. Methods: A total of 50 healthy subjects completed a dry eye questionnaire and underwent clinical examinations including basic Schirmer's test and tear breakup time (TBUT) test on two consecutive days, before and after the night shift (12-hrs night-shift). Results: All dry eye symptoms were aggravated significantly after the night shift (P < 0.05). Conjunctival redness increased after the night shift (P = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270472/efficacy-of-corneal-cooling-on-postoperative-pain-management-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-a-contralateral-eye-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Siamak Zarei-Ghanavati, Nastaran Nosrat, Negar Morovatdar, Mojtaba Abrishami, Pardis Eghbali
Purpose: To compare chilled and room temperature balanced salt solution (BSS) and bandage contact lens (BCL) on post photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) pain. Methods: In a prospective, single-masked, controlled eye study, one hundred eyes of fifty patients were divided into two groups which received room temperature or chilled BSS and BCL in each eye, and compared for post-PRK pain. Three different pain evaluation systems were used to evaluate pain between the groups at 1 and 6 h and days 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7, postoperatively...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270471/comparison-of-macular-choroidal-thickness-in-patients-with-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-to-normal-control-subjects-with-enhanced-depth-sd-oct-imaging
#14
Sasan Moghimi, Mehdi Mazloumi, Mohammad Karim Johari, Masoud Aghsaie Fard, Rebecca Chen, Robert Weinreb, Kouros Nouri-Mahdavi
Purpose: To test the hypothesis that macular choroidal thickness is lower in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) as compared to healthy control subjects. Methods: In this cross-sectional, observational study, 38 non-glaucomatous PXS subjects and 37 healthy volunteers were enrolled in a tertiary care Glaucoma Clinic. The macular region was scanned with the enhanced depth imaging (EDI) protocol of a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device (Spectralis OCT, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270470/surgical-treatment-of-duane-retraction-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Vahideh Manouchehri, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
Purpose: Surgical treatment in Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) can be very challenging even for the strabismus specialists because of a wide spectrum of diversity in clinical manifestations. The purpose of this article is to review these different surgical treatments. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed using PubMed database with the different keywords of "Duane retraction syndrome" and "surgery". Articles were selected from original English papers published since 2000...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270469/updates-on-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-indications-techniques-and-clinical-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Ahmad Masoumi, Masoud Mirghorbani, Kianoosh Shahraki, Hassan Hashemi
Purpose: To review the historical background and basic principles of collagen cross-linking, to bring together the data regarding the outcomes and complications of collagen cross-linking and finally to explore the efficacy and safety of new variations of this technique. Methods: A literature review was performed using PubMed and Scopus. The following keywords were used for literature search: cross linking, crosslinking, cross-linking, keratoconus, keratectasia. Results: In contrast to traditional treatment modalities for keratoconus (KCN), this new technique addresses the progression of the disease...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270468/deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-in-search-of-holy-grail
#17
EDITORIAL
Rasik B Vajpayee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913517/intravitreal-injection-of-ziv-aflibercept-in-the-treatment-of-choroidal-and-retinal-vascular-diseases
#18
Kamran HodjatJalali, Shiva Mehravaran, Hooshang Faghihi, Hassan Hashemi, Pegah Kazemi, Hadith Rastad
PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term outcomes after intravitreal injection of ziv-aflibercept in the treatment of choroidal and retinal vascular diseases. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 29 patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) received a single dose intravitreal injection of 0.05 ml ziv-aflibercept (1.25 mg). Visual acuity, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) activity, and possible side effects were assessed before and at 1 week and 1 month after the intervention...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913516/a-rare-erosive-orbital-mass-in-a-child-case-report-of-myofibroma
#19
Bahram Eshraghi, Shima Dehghani, Ghasem Saeedi-Anari
PURPOSE: To present the clinical, histological, and radiographic findings of a case of orbital myofibroma in an unusual location. The literature is reviewed and the clinical relevance discussed. METHODS: A 5-year-old boy was examined with a 1.5-month history of progressive swelling in the left supraorbital region. RESULTS: Examination revealed a firm, painless mass in the supralateral region of the left orbit with slight reddish discoloration of the overlying skin...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913515/paradoxical-head-tilt-in-unilateral-traumatic-superior-oblique-palsy
#20
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Reza Bayat, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Reza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: We report a patient with abnormal head posture following ocular blunt trauma. METHODS: This is report of a case that despite findings compatible with diagnosis of left superior oblique (SO) palsy, the patient acquired an ipsilateral (left) head tilt. The interesting observation in our patient was reduction of left hypertropia and consequent less diplopia with ipsilateral head tilt. RESULTS: After blunt trauma, our patient adopted paradoxical left head tilt and consequently less diplopia despite acquired left SO palsy...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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