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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626826/adverse-drug-events-leading-to-emergency-department-visits-at-an-eye-hospital-a-brief-report
#1
Safa Alizadeh, Niayesh Mohebbi, Kheirollah Gholami, Mahmoud Jabbarvand
PURPOSE: To evaluate adverse drug events (ADEs) resulting in emergency department visits in an eye hospital. METHOD: Emergency department visits at Farabi Eye Hospital were assessed for a 7-day period. The patients' eye disorders and drug history were evaluated to detect ADEs. RESULTS: Of 1631 emergency visits, 5 (0.3%, 95% CI: 0.13-0.71%) were drug related. Tetracaine eye drops accounted for 4 (80%, 95% CI: 38-96%) cases with corneal involvement...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#2
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626824/atypical-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-with-cystoid-macular-edema-therapeutic-response-to-medical-and-laser-therapy
#3
Jiun L Do, Lisa C Olmos de Koo, Hossein Ameri
PURPOSE: To describe an atypical case of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). METHODS: A 58-year-old man with longstanding, bilateral visual impairment was self-referred for a second opinion. RESULTS: Findings by direct ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) were suggestive of atypical, chronic CSCR. Treatment with oral anti-mineralocorticoids resulted in moderate improvement, and photodynamic therapy (PDT) had minimal effect...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626823/a-survey-of-ophthalmologists-and-gynecologists-regarding-termination-of-pregnancy-and-choice-of-delivery-mode-in-the-presence-of-eye-diseases
#4
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Mojgan Letafat-Nejad, Elham Ashrafi, Hanieh Delshad-Aghdam
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the attitudes of ophthalmologists and gynecologists in suggesting appropriate approach to pregnancy in different ocular conditions. METHODS: Specialty-specific questionnaires on delivery mode and abortion indications for ophthalmic patients (refractive, vascular, oncologic, retinal, glaucoma, postoperation, posttrauma, and infectious) were designed and distributed among physician staff of Farabi Eye Hospital and Yas Women Hospital in Tehran...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626822/a-prospective-randomized-trial-of-azithromycin-versus-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-in-treatment-of-toxoplasmic-retinochoroiditis
#5
Alireza Lashay, Ahmad Mirshahi, Najaf Parandin, Hamid Riazi Esfahani, Mehdi Mazloumi, Mohammad Reza Lashay, Mohammad Karim Johari, Elham Ashrafi
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of oral azithromycin in the treatment of toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. METHODS: A randomized interventional comparative study was conducted on 14 patients with ocular toxoplasmosis who were treated with oral azithromycin and 13 patients who were treated with oral trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for 6-12 weeks. The achievement of treatment criteria in the two groups and lesion size reduction were considered as primary outcome measures...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626821/mesopic-visual-quality-after-accelerated-corneal-cross-linking-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#6
Hassan Hashemi, Soheila Asgari
PURPOSE: To determine the 1-year changes of mesopic higher order aberrations (HOAs) and contrast sensitivity (CS) after accelerated corneal cross linking (CXL) in progressive keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective case series, 70 eyes of 62 keratoconic patients underwent accelerated CXL (18 mW/cm(2), 5 min). HOAs and CS were measured using the OPD Scan III and CSV-1000 CS test charts under mesopic conditions before and 6 and 12 months after CXL. RESULTS: At 1 year, logarithmic mesopic CS in spatial frequencies of 3, 6, 12, and 18 cycles per degree (CPD) had increased by 0...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626820/factors-associated-with-surface-epithelial-keratopathy-after-optical-penetrating-keratoplasty
#7
Anuradha Raj, Renu Dhasmana, Harsh Bahadur
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the various donor and recipient factors associated with short-term prevalence of surface epithelial keratopathy after optical penetrating keratoplasty (OPK). METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative data of 91 eyes of 91 patients were reviewed retrospectively who had undergone OPK from March 2013 to February 2016. Donor and recipient data were analyzed for age and sex of the donor, cause of death, death to enucleation time (DET), death to preservation time (DPT), enucleation to utilisation time (EUT) and total time (TT), age and sex of recipient, indications of penetrating keratoplasty (PK), associated glaucoma and recipient size (RS)...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626819/comparison-of-bandage-contact-lens-removal-on-the-fourth-versus-seventh-postoperative-day-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Delaram Shakoor, Hassan Hashemi, Mohamad Aghaie Meybodi, Fateme Rajabi, Pegah Hosseini
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of bandage contact lens (BCL) removal on the fourth versus seventh post-operative day following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: This study recruited eyes of patients who underwent PRK surgery. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. In Group 1 BCL was removed on the 4th postoperative day, while in Group 2, BCL was removed on the 7th postoperative day. After BCL removal, patients were asked to express their pain score and eye discomfort...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626818/astigmatic-treatment-with-photorefractive-keratectomy-investigations-of%C3%A2-non-keratometric-ocular-astigmatism
#9
Alireza Peyman, Zahra Dastborhan, Mohammadreza Peyman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of non-keratometric ocular astigmatisms on visual and refractive outcomes after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for correction of myopic astigmatisms. METHODS: Seventy one eyes of 36 subjects were enrolled in this study. Patients underwent PRK for treatment of myopia. Subjects were evaluated for refractive error, keratometry, and visual acuity before and six months after surgery. Pre- and post-op non-keratometric astigmatisms were calculated by vectorial analysis of the difference between the corneal plane refractive astigmatism and keratometric astigmatism...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626817/comparison-of-current-tonometry-techniques-in-measurement-of-intraocular-pressure
#10
Behrooz Kouchaki, Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To compare four tonometry techniques: Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), Dynamic contour tonometer (DCT), Non-contact tonometer (NCT), and Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) in the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) and the impact of some corneal biomechanical factors on their performance. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, volunteers with normal ophthalmic examination and no history of eye surgery (except for uncomplicated cataract surgery) or trauma were selected...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626816/evaluation-of-topical-bevacizumab-as-an-adjunct-to-mitomycin-c-augmented-trabeculectomy
#11
Reza Zarei, Masoumeh Masoumpour, Sasan Moghimi, Ghasem Fakhraei, Yadollah Eslami, Masoud Mohammadi
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and synergistic effect of topical bevacizumab after trabeculectomy surgery with mitomycin C (MMC). METHODS: In this prospective, non-randomized, comparative interventional study, 40 eyes from 40 patients with uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma were studied after they underwent primary trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (0.02% for 2 min). Following the procedure topical bevacizumab (4 mg/mL) was used for 2 weeks 4 times daily in group A...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626815/part-time-versus-full-time-occlusion-therapy-for-treatment-of-amblyopia-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Negareh Yazdani, Ramin Sadeghi, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Leili Zarifmahmoudi, Asieh Ehsaei, Brendan T Barrett
PURPOSE: To compare full-time occlusion (FTO) and part-time occlusion (PTO) therapy in the treatment of amblyopia, with the secondary aim of evaluating the minimum number of hours of part-time patching required for maximal effect from occlusion. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Ovid, Web of Science and Cochrane library. Methodological quality of the literature was evaluated according to the Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine and modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626814/latest-developments-and-advances-in-the-prevention-of-blindness-a-global-perspective
#13
EDITORIAL
Hugh R Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367532/the-effect-of-anakinra-on-retinal-function-in-isolated-perfused-vertebrate-retina
#14
Mahdy Ranjbar, Toni Schneider, Carl Brand, Salvatore Grisanti, Julia Lüke, Matthias Lüke
PURPOSE: Blockage of the interleukin 1 (IL-1) signaling pathway has been proposed for treatment of inflammatory disorders like those affecting the retina and its adjacent tissue. Herein, we evaluated one of those inhibitory drugs, anakinra (Kineret(®)), based on its safety profile with emphasis on retinal function from an electrophysiological point of view. METHODS: Bovine retina preparations were perfused with two different concentrations of anakinra (1 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml)...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367531/bilateral-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-a-healthy-infant
#15
Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Mir-Naghi Moosavi, Naser Shoeibi, Mehdi Sakhaee, Hossein Ghavamsaeedi
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in an otherwise healthy infant. METHODS: A four-month-old, healthy, male infant was evaluated for visual inattention. RESULTS: This full-term infant with a normal birth weight and an uneventful gestational period was referred with symptoms of visual inattention, fever, and agitation one week prior to admission. Ocular involvements were detected in the form of bilateral pan uveitis with diffuse bilateral retinitis and vasculitis with hemorrhage in the peripheral retina and posterior pole...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367530/choroidal-neovascularization-following-photorefractive-keratectomy
#16
Hamidreza Torabi, Seyed-Hashem Daryabari
PURPOSE: To describe a case of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) to correct myopia. METHODS: We performed PRK in both eyes of a 20-year-old girl to correct myopia. Refractive error was -4.75 -2.25 × 5 in the right eye and -5.00 -1.25 × 180 in the left eye. Metamorphopsia was noticed by the patient in the right eye one month after the surgical procedure. The patient was referred 3 months later when visual loss happened...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367529/conjunctival-bacterial-flora-in-fellow-eyes-of-patients-with-unilateral-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-and-its-changes-after-successful-dacryocystorhinostomy-surgery
#17
Bahram Eshraghi, Sayyed Amirpooya Alemzadeh, Zohreh Abedinifar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of conjunctival culture in fellow eyes of patients with unilateral nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) and its changes after successful dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery. METHODS: In this prospective study, 71 adult patients with unilateral NLDO and 41 age and sex-matched controls without NLDO were evaluated. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on clinical examination; group A with purulent regurgitation and group B without purulent regurgitation...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367528/the-predictive-factors-of-diplopia-and-extraocular-movement-limitations-in-isolated-pure-blow-out-fracture
#18
Abolfazl Kasaee, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Fatemeh Kazemnezhad, Bahram Eshraghi, Mohammad Reza Akbari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive factors for development of diplopia and extraocular muscle movement (EOM) limitations in the patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture were included. The diagnosis was done with computed tomography scan. Possible predictive factors were analyzed with logistic regression. The cases that underwent surgery were assigned in the surgical group, and other cases were assigned in the non-surgical group...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367527/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-patients-with-duane-syndrome-type-1
#19
Ahmad Ameri, Farzad Farzbod, Fatemeh Bazvand, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammadreza Akbari, Faramarz Anvari, Simindokht Hosseini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the patients with type 1 Duane syndrome and identify the predictive factors for success. METHODS: Sixteen patients with esotropic type 1 Duane syndrome without history of ocular surgery were selected for this interventional case series. The botulinum toxin was injected in the medial rectus of all patients. Visual acuity, dry refraction, cyclo-refraction, ocular motility, and amount of deviation were measured...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367526/choroidal-thickness-in-idiopathic-macular-hole
#20
Reza Karkhaneh, Masoud Nikbakht, Fatemeh Bazvand, Afshin Kalantary Oskouei, Hamed Ghasemi, Fariba Ghassemi
PURPOSE: To measure the submacular choroidal thickness in eyes with idiopathic macular hole (IMH) compared with unaffected fellow eyes and normal control eyes. METHODS: In this single institutional retrospective comparative case-control study, 34 consecutive patients with IMH were included and compared with 30 normal age- and sex-matched eyes that were planned to have cataract surgery. The included eyes were divided into 4 groups: 41 eyes with IMH (A), 23 unaffected fellow eyes (B), 30 normal eyes (C), and 12 vitrectomized IMH eyes (D)...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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