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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

Mohammad Sharifi, Maral Namdari
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) presented with characteristic multiple organ involvement. METHODS: A 7-day-old white Iranian girl was referred with ocular, skin and brain abnormalities. RESULTS: The findings of nevus psiloliparus, eyelid choristoma and intracranial lipoma were consistent with ECCL. CONCLUSION: Since the skin and ocular manifestations can be easily observed at birth examination, pediatricians and ophthalmologists should be aware of this condition...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad Mehdi Parvaresh, Amir Abbas Mehrpouya, Rahimeh Ganji Anari, Mohammadreza Aghamirsalim, Kaveh Abri Aghdam, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani
PURPOSE: We describe a patient with endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Acinetobacter spp. as the first clinical presentation of diabetes mellitus. METHOD: A 48-year-old otherwise healthy woman was referred with signs and symptoms of acute endophthalmitis in the left eye. Systemic work-up, vitreous tap, and intravitreal antibiotic injection were performed followed by pars plana vitrectomy. RESULTS: The laboratory tests confirmed the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Nizar Saleh Abdelfattah, Ahmed E Radwan, Srinivas R Sadda
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perspective of ophthalmology residents in the US about their residency programs and compare the competency of residency programs to international competency levels set by the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO). METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey extracted from the ICO published competency standards was sent to program directors of ophthalmology residency programs in the US to forward it to current PGY-3, 4 residents, and residency graduates from 2011 to 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Abbasali Yekta, Ali Jafari, Payam Nabovati, Akbar Fotouhi
PURPOSE: To determine upper eyelid ptosis prevalence and some related factors in 44- to 69-year-olds of Shahroud in the north of Iran. METHODS: In 2009, using multi-stage cluster sampling, 300 clusters of 40-64-year-olds were selected in Shahroud city, and all 5190 participants were invited to be re-examined in 5 years (2014). The current report is the second phase of the study in which 4737 (91.3%) people participated and underwent vision tests, slit lamp examination, biometry, and ophthalmoscopy in 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammadali Hasani, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbas Ali Yekta, Nooshin Dadbin, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To estimate the fitting parameters of the hybrid contact lens in patients with corneal ectasia using the rigid gas permeable (RGP) lens. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes with corneal ectasia were evaluated in this study. The patients were examined once with the RGP lens and once with the hybrid contact lens. The relationship between the base curvature of the RGP and the vault of the hybrid lens and the correlation between their powers were analyzed. RESULTS: We found a linear relationship between the base curvature of the RGP lens and the vault of the hybrid lens (P < 0...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Amir Asharlous, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Ali Mirzajani, Abbasali Yekta, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the cyclopentolate 1% on the cylindrical and spherical components of the refraction. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-five eyes of 195 subjects, including 74 males and 121 females, aged from 3 to 59 years were refracted before and 30 min after cyclopentolate 1% eye drop instillation. To compare cylindrical data, power vector analysis (J0 and J45 cross cylinder) was applied. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference between the J0 values of the noncycloplegic and cycloplegic refraction was revealed (P = 0...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Samsroz Ahmad Khan, Rajesh Choudhary, Amrita Singh, Surendra H Bodakhe
PURPOSE: To evaluate modes of cataractogenesis in the hypertensive state by using different hypertensive animal models, including fructose, cadmium chloride (CdCl2), N ω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), and two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) method. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley albino rats (150-180 g) were divided into different groups, each group containing six animals. Hypertension was induced in animals via six weeks administration of fructose (10% solution in drinking water), CdCl2 (0...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Farideh Sharifipour, Mahmoodreza Panahi-Bazaz, Roghayeh Bidar, Aida Idani, Bahman Cheraghian
PURPOSE: To determine age-related changes in corneal viscoelastic properties in healthy individuals. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed at the Department of Ophthalmology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran and included 302 healthy individuals in 6 age decades (range: 10-69 years). After complete ocular examination, corneal viscoelastic properties were measured by ocular response analyzer and central corneal thickness (CCT) by an ultrasonic pachymeter...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Zahra Heidari, Hossein Mohammad-Rabei, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between refractive, corneal, and residual astigmatism and higher order aberrations (HOA) in refractive surgery candidates. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-five eyes of 188 patients aged 28.2 ± 6.24 years with a predominance of females (62.7%) were enrolled in this study. Refraction, topography (Orbscan IIz, Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA), and aberrometry (Zywave, Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA) were performed to determine refractive and corneal astigmatism and HOA for all participants...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Masoud Safarzadeh, Nader Nasiri
PURPOSE: To assess the anterior segment parameters of keratoconus (KC) eyes at different stages of the disease by a new Scheimpflug camera combined with Placido disk corneal topography (Sirius, CSO, Italy) in a sample of the Iranian population. METHODS: A total of 225 eyes of 225 individuals comprising 41 suspect KC, 40 mild KC, 71 moderate KC, 48 severe KC and 25 normal eyes were assessed for the following parameters: corneal thickness at the apex (CTA), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), corneal volume (CV), corneal keratometry (K), corneal asphericity (Q), and corneal elevation in the anterior and posterior surface...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hesam Hashemian, Reza Mirshahi, Mehdi Khodaparast, Mahmoud Jabbarvand
PURPOSE: To investigate recent evidence in prophylaxis and management of post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis. METHODS: We conducted a literature search using Pubmed database for post cataract surgery endophthalmitis, and relevant articles were selected from original English papers published since 2015. RESULTS: Forty-nine articles were published regarding post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis from January 2015 to February 2016. A low incidence of post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis has been reported...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Allan Luz, Fernando Faria-Correia, Marcela Q Salomão, Bernardo T Lopes, Renato Ambrósio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Reza Karkhaneh, Alireza Lashay, Aliasghar Ahmadraji
PURPOSE: To report a case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in an immunocompetent adult patient. METHODS: A 61-year-old woman with proven CMV retinitis and no evidence of HIV or other underlying immunodeficiencies was referred. RESULTS: She was referred with history of recent right eye visual loss. In fundus examination, she had signs of retinal vasculitis. After initial examination, she was found to have CMV retinitis documented by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of vitreous sample...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Syed Imtiaz Ali Shah, Shujaat Ali Shah, Partab Rai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with Pterygium, utilizing history and examination. METHODS: In this prospective case series study, a total of 1227 patients with Pterygium presenting at the Department of Ophthalmology, Chandka Medical College Hospital Larkana, Pakistan, from January 1997 to January 2015 were included. A standard proforma containing proposed risk factors was filled in for every patient. Clinical examination was performed on slit-lamp biomicroscope to confirm presence of pterygium...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Abbas Riazi, Fatemeh Riazi, Rezvan Yoosfi, Fatemeh Bahmeei
PROPOSE: A qualitative approach using semi-structured individual interviews was used to elicit common outdoor difficulties in individuals with visual impairment. METHODS: Interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim into text for thematic analysis. Twenty legally-blind individuals aged 34.25 ± 2.41 years with different etiologies were included in this study. RESULTS: All participants had experienced some sort of difficulty in outdoor environments...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Zoha Khademi, Parvindokht Bayat
PURPOSE: To determine the dimensions of orbital entrance in unaffected bony orbit by computed tomography (CT) in a sample of Iranian population. METHODS: Radiologic features of 120 patients were gathered using standardized skull protocol by CT scan. We measured the distance between anterior lacrimal crest and orbital border of zygomatic bone, termed width, and the distance between the plane passing through the anterior orbital entrance to optic canal, termed depth, using horizontal sections of skull base CT scan...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Ali Mirzajani, Sattar Aghataheri, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Ebrahim Jafarzadepour, Mohadese Mohammadinia
PURPOSE: This study reports the characteristics of corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs) in eyes with normal topographic pattern using the Pentacam scheimpflug system. METHODS: In this prospective, observational, comparative study, 165 eyes of 97 patients separated into five groups based on corneal topographic patterns were enrolled. All eyes received a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination including corneal tomographic analysis with the Pentacam system. Keratometry, corneal cylinder, and corneal aberrometric data were recorded and analyzed...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Amir Asharlous, Ali Mirzajani, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Mehdi KhabazKhoob, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a lubricating drop on optical quality, tear film stability, and subjective symptoms in individuals wearing silicone hydrogel contact lens. METHODS: In this one-day, prospective single-center clinical study, Pre-lens Tear Deformation Time (PL-TDT), Root-Mean-Square (RMS) of Low Order Aberrations (LOA) and High Order Aberrations (HOA), individual twelve Zernike coefficients, and subjective symptoms were assessed in 43 volunteers (mean age 19...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohamed Omar Yousif, Nizar Saleh Abdelfattah, Amira A Zayed, Ashraf H Soliman
PURPOSE: To describe the effect of prolonging the standard suction duration during laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and its effect on flap thickness and hinge length using sub-Bowman keratomileusis (SBK) microkeratome. METHODS: Fifty-six eyes (28 patients) were included and divided into 2 groups; Group-A: eyes with flatter corneas (36 eyes, 18 patients) and mean keratometric readings ranging from 40.13 to 43.71 diopters (D). Group-B: eyes with steeper corneas (20 eyes, 10 patients) with mean keratometric readings ranging from 43...
June 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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