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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

Maddalena De Bernardo, Palmiro Cornetta, Giuseppe Marotta, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Soon Wai Ch'ng, Alessandro Papayannis, Francesco Stringa, Emmanouil Tsamis, Paulo Stanga, Assad Jalil
Purpose: To demonstrate the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) on the size and vascularity of the fibro-vascular complex with the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) before pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Methods: Observational case series of three eyes with active diabetic fibro-vascular complex and tractional retinal detachment (TRD) who underwent IVB (1.25 mg/0.05 ml) two days before proceeding to PPV. OCTA was carried out prior to IVB, two days after IVB and six weeks after PPV...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammad Sadeghi, Hadi Ghadimi, Mojgan Nikdel
Purpose: To report a case of intraoperative rupture of inferior rectus muscle, which was retrieved and later successfully transposed for management of sixth nerve palsy. Methods: Case report. Results: A 36-year-old woman presented with traumatic right sixth nerve palsy and esotropia following a car accident five years earlier. During the originally planned vertical transposition surgery, the inferior rectus muscle snapped, but was retrieved and resutured to the sclera 3 mm posterior to the original insertion...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mahmoud Nejabat, Golnoush Sadat Mahmoudi Nezhad, Saeedeh Shenavandeh, Mohammad Javad Ashraf, Mohammad Hassan Jalalpour
Purpose: To report a case of prolonged conjunctivitis as the manifestation of Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Methods: A 37-year-old man presented with prolonged conjunctivitis which had persisted for one month. He was taking medication for his conjunctivitis without any response. A slit-lamp examination revealed conjunctivitis and scleritis in the right eye. Conjunctivitis, 360-degree peripheral corneal thinning, corneal perforation, and scleritis were seen in the left eye...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Bhushan Ratansingh Wadekar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Yog Raj Sharma
Purpose: To evaluate the ultrawide field fundus fluorescein angiography (UWFA) characteristics of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs) and compare the findings with an early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) 7 field (ETDRS7F) overlay. Methods: UWFA (Optos, PLC, Dunfermline, UK) was performed in 10 eyes with macula-off RRDs in 9 patients. The findings of UWFA were compared with that of an overlay of standard ETDRS7F. Results: Vascular dilation, tortuosity of vessels, and blockage of choroidal fluorescence were noted in all eyes in both UWFA and ETDRS7F overlay...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Barsha Lal, Ugam Usgaonkar, Harshada Narvekar, Dinesh Venugopal
Purpose: To assess the awareness and knowledge on eye donation among students of Allied Health Sciences (AHS), medical, and nursing. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using a standard predesigned and pretested closed-ended structured questionnaire based on eye donation to obtain information about awareness and knowledge from AHS, medical, and nursing students of Goa. Results: Three hundred and forty participants participated in the study...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Payam Nabovati, Fahimeh Khoshhal, Abbas Riazi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
Purpose: To determine the prevalence of hyperopia and myopia and their associations with age and gender in 5- to 15-year-old children in underserved rural areas in Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, sampling was done using a multistage cluster sampling method from two underprivileged rural regions in Iran, and 3851 persons over 1 year old of age were invited to the study. After inviting the selected participants, examinations were conducted at a designated site in the selected villages...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Alireza Khodabandeh, Shahed Fadaifard, Ali Abdollahi, Reza Karkhaneh, Ramak Roohipoor, Fatemeh Abdi, Hamed Ghasemi, Sam Habibollahi, Mehdi Mazloumi
Purpose: To evaluate the role of combined phacoemulsification and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in prevention of postoperative diabetic macular edema (DME) in patients with no diabetic retinopathy or non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and without macular edema. Methods: In a prospective randomized clinical trial, 71 eyes from 71 diabetic patients with no diabetic retinopathy or mild NPDR and with central macular thickness (CMT) of less than 300 μm were enrolled and were randomized into two groups: combined phacoemulsification and intravitreal bevacizumab injection group and only phacoemulsification group...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi, Ali Asghar Ahmadraji, Alireza Khodabandeh, Amirhoushang Beheshtnejad, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei, Reza Seidi, Mehdi Yaseri
Purpose: To report the demographic data, treatment methods, and outcomes among patients with pellet gun eye injuries. Methods: This study was a retrospective review of all pellet gun eye injuries coming to Farabi Eye Hospital, a referral ocular trauma center in Iran, from February 2009 to November 2013. Patients' demographics, type of injury, choice of management, complications, and post-treatment visual acuity were recorded. Results: One hundred eleven patients with a mean age of 25...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Ali Torkashvand, Masoomeh Mohebbi, Hassan Hashemi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to detect the genetic defects in a large pedigree of affected individuals with various phenotypes of ocular anomalies including partial aniridia, congenital cataract, and nystagmus. Methods: The entire coding region of paired box gene 6 ( PAX6 ) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequenced, and compared with a GenBank database. Results: A novel mutation (c.1170 C > T; p.Gln297X) was found in the proband and all affected members...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hadi Ostadi-Moghaddam, Mohamad-Reza Sedaghat, Tahereh Rakhshandadi, Sattar Rajabi, Foroozan Narooie-Noori, Farshad Askarizadeh
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare corneal endothelial cell morphology and characteristics in bilateral keratoconus (KCN) patients with unilateral Vogt's striae. Methods: Fifty patients aged 20-38 years were recruited in this cross-sectional contralateral eye study. In this study, corneal endothelial cell parameters were evaluated in patients with bilateral KCN and unilateral Vogt's striae using the Topcon SP2000P specular microscope (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan)...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Soheila Asgari, Hassan Hashemi, Fedra Hajizadeh, Mohammad Miraftab, Mohammad Amin Seyedian, Kazem Amanzadeh, Shiva Mehravaran, Akbar Fotouhi
Purpose: To determine the changes in the depth of the demarcation line in the central to peripheral cornea following accelerated compared to standard corneal cross-linking (CXL). Methods: In this prospective, non-randomized study, 60 eyes with progressive keratoconus underwent accelerated or standard CXL (30 in each group). Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) was done one month later by two independent masked examiners to measure the depth of the demarcation line in the central cornea and on peripheral rings...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Seyed Javad Hashemian, Majid Mohebbi, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Ebrahim Jafari, Shadrokh Nabili, Seyed Mahyar Hashemian, Mahsa Sadat Hashemian
Purpose: This study evaluates the correlation between horizontal white-to-white (WTW) distance using Caliper and Orbscan IIz with the ciliary sulcus diameter measured by high frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and presents an adjustment formula to improve the correlation. Methods: We measured horizontal sulcus-to-sulcus (STS) dimension of 273 right eyes of 273 high myopic patients with 35 MHz UBM and horizontal WTW using Orbscan IIz and Caliper. Mean WTW diameter, differences, and the correlation of measurement methods were evaluated...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hamideh Mahdaviazad, Narges Roustaei, Masoumeh Beigom Masoumpour, Mohammad Reza Razeghinejad
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to validate the Persian translation of the Glaucoma Quality of Life-15 (GQL-15) questionnaire, evaluate its psychometric properties, and identify new composite items and item numbers. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from August to November 2016, at the Glaucoma Clinic of the Ophthalmology Department at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. One hundred ninety patients with glaucoma were enrolled. Habitual-corrected visual acuity (HCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fundus exam, and mean deviation (MD) of the visual field were recorded in the course of clinical examination by glaucoma professional...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad Naderan
Purpose: To summarize available literature on physiologic and pathologic ocular changes during pregnancy. Methods: Narrative review of literature. Results: Ocular changes occur commonly during pregnancy. Although most of these are benign physiologic responses to the metabolic, hormonal, and immunologic modifications to adopt the gestational product, there is some serious pathology that may develop, exacerbate, or even resolve over the course of pregnancy which requires prompt diagnosis and management...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Maryam Chegeni, Narges Khanjani, Pardis Rahmatpour, Mahin Ahmadi Pishkuhi, Nafiseh Abdolalian
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of amblyopia in the population of Iran. Methods: This article is a systematic review. A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Ovid, Web of Science, SID, Magiran, with appropriate terms. Information related to the sample size and the prevalence of amblyopia was extracted and summarized in tables. Analysis was performed using STATA software. Results: From 551 articles that were originally extracted from the databases, 31 articles met the criteria for entering the review...
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Sasan Moghimi, Robert N Weinreb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Bijan Beigi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Masoumeh Mohebbi, Firoozeh Rahimi, Mohammad Naser Hashemian, Mohammad Ali Zare, Mohammad Reza Fallah, Bahram Garoosi, Ahmad Masoumi
Purpose: To investigate the impact of venting incisions on the adherence of graft to the recipient's stroma in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Methods: Fifty-six patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Twenty-eight patients had a DSAEK procedure with venting incisions. The second group was treated by conventional DSAEK with no venting incisions. Slit-lamp examination and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) were performed in day one and 14 days after surgery to investigate graft attachment...
June 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Babak Masoomian, Jerry A Shields, Carol L Shields
Purpose: The aim of this study was to review the genetics, epidemiology, clinical findings, and management of BRCA1-associated protein-1 (BAP1) cancer predisposition syndrome, particularly focusing on the development of uveal melanoma (UM). Methods: This is a review article based on eligible studies identified by systematically searching PubMed, Web of Science, and reference lists. Results: UM is the most common primary intraocular malignancy...
June 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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