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Journal of Current Ophthalmology

Maddalena De Bernardo, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mehdi Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Zahra Fallah Tafti
Purpose: To report two rare cases of filamentous fungal keratitis. Methods: Two non-consecutive patients presented with suspicious fungal keratitis. After performing the smear and culture, medical therapy was started for them. They underwent slit photography and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in their follow-up visits. Results: The patients were 33-year-old and 56-year-old farmer men. They both mentioned a history of ocular trauma by plants...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Aniruddha Agarwal, Manpreet Kaur
Purpose: Primary lacrimal canaliculitis (PLC) is a unique disorder which often gets misdiagnosed by the general as well as speciality-trained ophthalmologists. Elderly patients with history of chronic or recurrent epiphora with discharge, often get mislead towards chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of our report is to discuss the misleading diseases in our PLC patients and to revisit this hidden disease. Methods: The patients of PLC who were previously misdiagnosed were studied...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammadali Hassani, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Ali Mirzajani, AbbasAli Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
Purpose: To compare the visual acuity outcome of the ClearKone SynergEyes™ hybrid contact lens and Boston XO rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lens in patients with keratoconus. Methods: Twenty-eight eyes with keratoconus participated in this study. The visual acuity was examined once with the RGP lens and once with the ClearKone SynergEyes™ hybrid contact lens. Results: The mean corneal keratometry, the mean lens back optic zone radius, and the mean vault was 7...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Caner Kara, Emre Hekimoğlu, İkbal Seza Petriçli, Handan Akıl
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) in case of treatment failure with laser photocoagulation in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Methods: A retrospective review of infants treated with IVB injection due to treatment failure with laser photocoagulation was performed. The anatomical results and complications were evaluated after treatment. Results: 9 eyes of 6 premature infants with a mean gestational age of 26...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad R Talebnejad, Ali Sadeghi-Sarvestani, M Hossein Nowroozzadeh, Seyed Mohammad J Mortazavi, Abbas Alighanbari, Mohammad R Khalili
Purpose: Mobile cell phones are used extensively these days, and their microwave (MW) radiation has been shown to affect the eye. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of MW radiation on rabbit retina. Methods: This experimental study (concluded in 2015) was conducted on 40 adult white New Zealand rabbits. A Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) cell phone simulator was used for MW irradiation. The rabbits were randomized into five groups (8 in each) and treated as follows: Group 1: no irradiation (sham); Group 2: irradiation at 10 cm for 1 day; Group 3: irradiation at 30 cm for 1 day; Group 4: irradiation at 10 cm for 3 days; and Group 5: irradiation at 30 cm for 3 days...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Walid Abdallah, Wen Li, James Weiland, Mark Humayun, Hossein Ameri
Purpose: Epiretinal and subretinal prosthesis have been shown to be a valid way to provide some vision to patients with advanced outer retinal degeneration and profound vision loss. However, the field of vision for these patients is markedly limited by the area occupied by the electrode array. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility of implantation of multiple suprachoroidal electrode arrays in a single eye in order to increase the field of vision in patients implanted with retinal prosthesis...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad Ghoreyshi, Ahmadreza Khalilian, Mohammadreza Peyman, Mohaddeseh Mohammadinia, Alireza Peyman
Purpose: To compare the performance of OKULIX ray-tracing software with SRK-T and Hoffer Q formula in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in patients presenting with cataract. Methods: In this prospective study, 104 eyes of 104 patients with cataract who underwent phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were recruited. Three IOL brands were used and for all eyes, IOL power calculation was performed using SRK-T, Hoffer Q formula and also OKULIX ray-tracing software...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Soheila Asgari, Hassan Hashemi
Purpose: To determine topographic and aberrometric changes after accelerated cross-linking (ACXL; 18 mW/cm2 for 5 min) as measured with OPD Scan III (Nidek Inc., Tokyo, Japan) and their repeatability in patients with mild and moderate keratoconus (KCN). Methods: In this prospective study, 25 eyes with mild KCN [Ksteep = 47.24 ± 3.11 diopter (D)] and 20 moderate cases (Ksteep = 52.86 ± 4.39 D) were examined under mesopic conditions (20 lux) twice, 30-45 min apart, at baseline and 6 and 12 months afterwards...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Jeyanth Suresh Rose, Juliet Eldrina, Aarwin Joshua, S Amalan, Tunny Sebastian, Satheesh Solomon, Sanita Korah
Purpose: To quantify normal corneal transparency by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) by measuring the average pixel intensity. To analyze the variation in the average pixel intensity in mild and severe grades of corneal opacities. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study of 38 eyes from 19 patients with mild or severe grades of corneal opacities greater than 3 mm and a normal contralateral cornea. AS-OCT was performed centered on the opacity with a 3 mm cruciate protocol...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad Miraftab, Hassan Hashemi, Soheila Asgari
Purpose: To compare two-year results of femtosecond laser assisted LASIK (femto-LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in terms of astigmatism correction in patients with less than 2.0 diopters (D) of spherical error and more than 2.0 D of cylinder error. Methods: In this retrospective study, data were extracted from 100 patient charts. The two study groups were matched by age, gender, and baseline uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) and refractive astigmatism (RA)...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohamad Reza Sedaghat, Hadi Ostadi-Moghadam, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Farshad Askarizadeh, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Foroozan Narooie-Noori
Purpose: To evaluate and compare corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) in pellucid marginal degeneration (PMD), keratoconus (KCN), and normal eyes using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA). Methods: In this retrospective study, corneal biomechanical parameters were measured in patients with PMD ( n  = 102) and KCN ( n  = 202) and normal subjects ( n  = 208) using the ORA. Data, including full patient history as well as the results of refraction, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, Pentacam HR (Oculus), and ORA (Reichert; Buffalo, New York, USA), were collected from medical records...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Payam Nabovati, Negareh Yazdani, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ehsan Shiralivand, Akbar Derakhshan, AbbasAli Yekta
Purpose: To determine the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in the young and its association with certain corneal parameters using a non-contact device. Methods: Subjects were selected from students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences through stratified sampling. All participants had visual acuity testing, corneal imaging, a comprehensive slit-lamp examination by an ophthalmologist, and IOP measurement using a non-contact air-puff tonometer. Results: Of the 1280 invitees, 1073 (83...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Alireza Zandi, Hassan Razmjoo, Sara Ghaffari, Seyed-Mojtaba Abtahi, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani, Zahra Kasaei, Samira Kasaei-Koupaei, Sepideh Sajjadi, Seyed-Ali Sonbolestan, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
Purpose: Ameloblastoma is a non-encapsulated and slow-growing tumor with high recurrence rate. Orbital involvement by this neoplasm is an extremely rare entity. In this study, we present a systematic review on this situation along with clinical and paraclinical features of a case. Methods: An electronic search was conducted on major medical sources. Data of the cases in the literature in addition to our own case were extracted, summarized, and statistically analyzed...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hassan Hashemi, Akbar Fotouhi, Abbasali Yekta, Reza Pakzad, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
Purpose: The aim of the study was a systematic review of refractive errors across the world according to the WHO regions. Methods: To extract articles on the prevalence of refractive errors for this meta-analysis, international databases were searched from 1990 to 2016. The results of the retrieved studies were merged using a random effect model and reported as estimated pool prevalence (EPP) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: In children, the EPP of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism was 11...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hossein Ameri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Afsaneh Malekpoor
Purpose: To report a case with Edward's syndrome and ocular manifestations. Methods: A three-year-old female visited our clinic. The diagnosis of Edward's Syndrome was made prior to the ophthalmic visit based on a karyotype study report. Complete ophthalmic evaluations were done for the patient. Results: On the initial ophthalmic examination, bilateral ptosis, epicanthal folds, and 40 prism diopters alternate esotropia (ET) were seen. In the fundus examination, decreased red reflexes along with retinal folds, pigmentary retinopathy (patches of hyperpigmentation in the fovea and retinal periphery), and optic disc atrophy in both eyes were seen...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Ahmad Mirshahi, Fariba Ghasemi, Mohmmad Zarei, Reza Karkhaneh, Aliasghar Ahmadraji, Philip J Polkinghorne
Purpose: To report removal of retained subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) after vitrectomy for retinal detachment. Methods: Three patients underwent 3-port 23-gauge vitrectomy in an attempt to remove retained subfoveal PFCL bubble secondary to retinal detachment surgery. In two patients, removal was achieved via a 23-G needle whereas the third patient with multiple small subfoveal droplets, multiple punctures were required and in that case a small 40-G needle was used...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Firouzeh Fereydouni, Vahid Qasemi, Siamak Moradian, SeyyedMehdi Tabatabaee
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture therapy on visual function of patients with retinitis-pigmentosa (RP). Methods: In a prospective study, 23 RP subjects received ten sessions of body-acupuncture. Pre and post-treatment evaluations included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), near visual acuity (NVA), and static 30-2 perimetry. Results: UCVA, BCVA, and NVA improvements after acupuncture therapy were statistically and clinically significant ( P  = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Kelly M Lee, Christopher Seery, Albert S Khouri
Purpose: To study the management and outcomes of patients with paintball injuries resulting in traumatic glaucoma. Methods: A retrospective review was performed, identifying four patients with a confirmed diagnosis of traumatic glaucoma secondary to paintball sports. Results: Four male patients with paintball gun injuries presented with a mean follow-up time of 51 months after the date of injury. The mean age was 23.5 ± 18.6 years. Three patients presented with blunt trauma, while one patient had a ruptured globe...
December 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
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