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Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345073/chondrotoxic-effects-of-intra-articular-anesthetics-in-shoulders
#1
H Alkaduhimi, D P Ter Meulen, M P J van den Bekerom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345072/pseudoelectrical-alternans-during-supraventricular-tachycardia
#2
Hesham R Omar, Enrico M Camporesi
We present a case of pseudoelectrical alternans occurring during supraventricular tachycardia.
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345071/jolt-accentuation-and-its-value-as-a-sign-in-diagnosis-of-meningitis-in-patients-with-fever-and-headache
#3
Mani Mofidi, Narges Negaresh, Davood Farsi, Mahdi Rezai, Babak Mahshidfar, Saeed Abbasi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam
OBJECTIVES: Meningitis is an important disease among the patients being visited in Emergency Departments (EDs). There are many signs to diagnose it with different sensitivity and specificity reported in previously done studies. Current study tries to evaluate diagnostic accuracy of "Jolt accentuation" in the diagnosis (Dx.) of meningitis in patients with fever and headache. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 48 adult patients, who were referred to two teaching EDs for fever and headache and were diagnosed as suspected meningitis, were included in this prospective observational study...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345070/are-scoring-systems-sufficient-for-predicting-mortality-due-to-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Merve Gunes Ozaydin, Ozlem Guneysel, Fatma Saridogan, Vehbi Ozaydin
OBJECTIVES: Scoring systems have been used to risk stratify in intensive care units (ICU), but not routinely used in emergency departments. The aim of this study was to determine accuracy for predicting mortality in emergency medicine with Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Mortality in ED Sepsis (MEDS) score and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPSII). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Patients presenting with evidence of sepsis were all included...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345069/an-uncommon-case-mimicking-cervical-trauma-os-odontoideum
#5
Idiris Altun, Kasim Zafer Yuksel
Os odontoideum is a separate odontoid process from the body of the axis. It is the most common anomaly of the odontoid process. Patients with this condition can be asymptomatic or present with a wide range of neurological dysfunctions. It may cause cervical instability, atlantoaxial dislocation and myelopathy. This anomaly can mimic Type I and II odontoid fractures. There is a role for conservative treatment of an asymptomatic incidentally found, radiologically stable and non-compressive os odontoideum. However, surgical treatment has a definitive role in symptomatic cases...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345068/how-much-risk-are-emergency-department-patients-willing-to-accept-to-avoid-diagnostic-testing
#6
Jeremy Padalecki, K Tom Xu, Cynthia Smith, Lynn Carrasco, Justin Hensley, Peter B Richman
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of research evaluating the risk tolerance of Emergency Department (ED) patients. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of ED patients surveyed would be comfortable with ≥5% risk of adverse outcome if they avoided testing in several hypothetical scenarios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of stable inner-city ED patients. Patients completed a written survey and were asked four closed-answer questions regarding risk tolerance/willingness to refuse a test/procedure, including the following scenarios: #1: LP following CT head; #2 overnight serial troponins for rule out myocardial infarction; #3 CT for possible appendicitis, #4 parent deciding whether child should undergo head CT for low risk head injury...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345067/utility-of-360-degree-assessment-of-residents-in-a-turkish-academic-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#7
Cem Oktay, Yesim Senol, Stephan Rinnert, Yildiray Cete
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test a 360-degree assessment tool for four of the emergency medicine resident competencies as outlined by the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine on patient care, communication skills, professionalism and system based practice in an academic Emergency Department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the competency framework of the American Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, a 57 item-containing assessment tool was created...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345066/correlation-of-central-venous-pressure-with-venous-blood-gas-analysis-parameters-a-diagnostic-study
#8
Sima Rahim-Taleghani, Alireza Fatemi, Mostafa Alavi Moghaddam, Majid Shojaee, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Alireza Baratloo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the correlation between central venous pressure (CVP) and venous blood gas (VBG) analysis parameters, to facilitate management of severe sepsis and septic shock in emergency department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This diagnostic study was conducted from January 2014 until June 2015 in three major educational medical centers, Tehran, Iran. For patients selected with diagnosis of septic shock, peripheral blood sample was taken for testing the VBG parameters and the anion gap (AG) was calculated...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345065/diabetic-ketoacidosis-as-the-presenting-manifestation-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-with-cystic-features
#9
Tezcan Kaya, Sumeyye Korkmaz, Erdem Vargol, Alper Karacan, Hakan Cinemre
The common presenting symptoms of pancreatic cancer are abdominal pain, weight loss, and jaundice. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis is a very rare emergent clinical condition. However, pancreatic ductal cystadenocarcinoma presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis was not reported. We describe a 60-year-old man with pancreatic cystadenocarcinoma presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis as the initial manifestation. It must be kept in mind that in diabetic ketoacidosis cases, the precipitating factor may be pancreatic ductal cystadenocarcinoma...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345064/pneumocephalus-in-a-patient-with-multiple-stab-wounds
#10
Yusuf Savran, Volkan Karacam, Basak Bayram, Erdem Yaka, Nuri Karabay
Pneumocephalus is a complication of trauma to the chest and many iatrogenic interventions. It may arise due to systemic air embolism or retrograde cerebral venous air embolism which is an extremely rare complication. We report a 26-years-old female patient who presented to the Emergency Department suffering of multiple stab wounds. She was in a state of shock and after first aid and evaluation she was operated successfully. In the early postoperative period generalized tonic clonic convulsions were observed following cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to sudden cardiovascular collapse...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995212/is-this-a-simple-drug-eruption-to-be-discharged
#11
Mucahit Emet, Ilker Akbas, Esra Senturk, Omer Faruk Elmas, Sahin Aslan
'Erythema Multiforme associated with Phenytoin And Cranial radiation Therapy' (EMPACT) is a very rare clinic situation and classified in EM-like drug reactions. It can be easily misdiagnosed as acute urticaria or drug eruption in ED. Initial symptoms may resemble a simple skin problem, but diagnosing and early hospitalization of the patients can be lifesaving. Here, we present a man with renal cell cancer and brain metastases who admitted to ED due to fever and generalized rash. His skin lesions beginning from his head and spreading through the torso appeared four days after the end of radiotherapy (11 days after the initial dose of both radiation and oral phenytoin)...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995211/fungal-endocarditis-presenting-with-right-lumbar-pain-and-femoral-artery-ischemia-an-unusual-case-report
#12
Shahan Waheed, Muhammad Akbar Baig, Muhammad Waqas Khan, Fareed Ahmed Sheikh, Nadeem Ullah Khan
Fungal endocarditis is a rare entity which has a poor outcome. Our case reports an atypical presentation of similar pathology now presenting with femoral artery ischemia in an immune competent individual. A 62-year Asian male presented with sudden onset of right sided lumbar pain. Initial clinical exam was consistent with right sided renal colic. Intravenous analgesia did not relieve the pain. Repeat clinical examination revealed absent right femoral artery pulsation. The patient underwent a Computerized tomography angiography of right lower extremity...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995210/sudden-bilateral-hearing-loss-after-organophosphate-inhalation
#13
Mehmet Akif Dundar, Serhan Derin, Mitat Aricigil, Mehmet Akif Eryilmaz
Sudden bilateral hearing loss are seen rarely and the toxic substance exposure constitutes a small part of etiology. A Fifty-eight-year-old woman admitted to our clinic with sudden bilateral hearing loss shortly after chlorpyrifos-ethyl exposure. Otolaryngologic examination findings were normal. The patient had 40 dB sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) on the right ear and 48 dB SNHL on the left ear. Additional diagnostic tests were normal. The conventional treatment for sudden hearing loss was performed. On the second week following organophosphate (OP) exposure the patient's hearing loss almost completely resolved...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995209/respiratuvar-depression-after-accidental-nasal-ingestion-of-brimonidine-eye-drops-in-infant
#14
Ali Gunes, Hasan Balik, Servet Yel, Halil Kocamaz, Mehmet Bosnak
OBJECTIVES: Brimonidine tartrate is an alpha-2 agonist used for glaucoma treatment. It can lead to serious poisoning symptoms when misused by children. CASE REPORT: In this case report, 3 months-old male patient with severe central nervous system depression and respiratory arrest as a result of accidentally nasal instillation of 1 cc brimonidine tartrate that benefited from mechanic ventilation and naloxone treatment was presented. CONCLUSION: This case report suggested, that misuse of nasal brimonidine eye drop could result in serious respiratory distress and central nervous system depression...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995208/a-systematic-and-technical-guide-on-how-to-reduce-a-shoulder-dislocation
#15
REVIEW
H Alkaduhimi, J A van der Linde, M Flipsen, D F P van Deurzen, M P J van den Bekerom
OBJECTIVES: Our objective is to provide a systematic and technical guide on how to reduce a shoulder dislocation, based on techniques that have been described in literature for patients with anterior and posterior shoulder instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed and EMBASE query was performed, screening all relevant literature on the closed reduction techniques. Studies regarding open reduction techniques and studies with fracture dislocations were excluded...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995207/electrocardiographic-changes-in-patients-with-tramadol-induced-idiosyncratic-seizures
#16
Peyman Hafezi Moghadam, Najmeh Zarei, Davood Farsi, Saeed Abbasi, Mani Mofidi, Mahdi Rezai, Babak Mahshidfar
OBJECTIVES: To assess ECG changes in patients with tramadol-induced seizure(s) and compare these changes in lower and higher than 500 mg tramadol doses as a main goal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an analytical-cross sectional manner over 1 year, 170 patients with idiosyncratic seizure(s) after using tramadol, were studied. Full data were recorded for each patient. ECGs were taken from all the patients on admission and 1 h later and were assessed for findings. RESULTS: 70 of 170 patients (41...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995206/accuracy-of-sofa-score-in-prediction-of-30-day-outcome-of-critically-ill-patients
#17
Saeed Safari, Majid Shojaee, Farhad Rahmati, Alireza Barartloo, Behrooz Hahshemi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Elham Mohammadi
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have attempted to design various scoring systems to determine the severity and predict the outcome of critically ill patients. The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of SOFA score in predicting 1-month outcome of these patients in emergency department. METHODS: The present study is a prospective cross-sectional study of >18 year old non-trauma critically ill patients presented to EDs of 3 hospitals, Tehran, Iran, during October 2014 to October 2015...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995205/the-ed-use-and-non-urgent-visits-of-elderly-patients
#18
Umut Gulacti, Ugur Lok, Murat Celik, Nurettin Aktas, Haci Polat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the emergency department (ED) by elderly patients, their non-urgent visits and the prevalence of main disease for ED visits. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on patients aged 65 years and over who visited the ED of a tertiary care university hospital in Turkey between January 2015 and January 2016 retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 36,369 elderly patients who visited the ED were included in the study...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995204/the-evaluation-of-the-audit-of-fresh-frozen-plasma-ffp-usage-in-emergency-department
#19
Emine Emektar, Seda Dagar, Seref Kerem Corbacioglu, Huseyin Uzunosmanoglu, Mehmet Veysel Oncul, Yunsur Cevik
OBJECTIVES: In our study, the aim is to evaluate the use of Fresh-Frozen Plasma (FFP) in our emergency department and to assess its audit for transfusion. METHODS: All the patients aged 18 and over who received FFP transfusion in the emergency department between March 1, 2013 and March 1, 2016 were included into the study. The audit of FFP use was evaluated by according to 'British Committee for Standards in Hematology Guideline-2004'. RESULTS: Total 141 patients were identified to receive FFP transfusion in our emergency department...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857996/co-existence-of-cecal-volvulus-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-case-report
#20
Meric Emre Bostanci, Mustafa Atabey, Birkan Bozkurt, Ilker Ozel, Kursat Karadayi
Detorsion, cecopexy, cecostomy and tube cecostomy are the treatment options for acute cecal volvulus if there is no intestinal ischemia. Resection required if intestinal viability, necrosis, gangrene or perforation exists. After resection, primary anastomosis or ileostomy can be performed. First colonoscopic decompression testing may be appropriate in terms of saving time for elective surgery. The co-existance of situs inversus totalis with cecal volvulus may cause uncertainty of the definite diagnosis and delay of surgical procedure...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
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