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Skin Appendage Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843933/onychomycosis-practical-approaches-to-minimize-relapse-and-recurrence
#1
REVIEW
Antonella Tosti, Boni E Elewski
INTRODUCTION: Toenail onychomycosis is a common disease in which treatment options are limited and treatment failures and disease recurrence are frequently encountered. It usually requires many months of treatment, and recurrence may occur in more than half of the patients within 1 year or more after the infection has been eradicated. Data on long-term treatment, follow-up and recurrence are limited. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to interpret these data and recommend practical approaches that should minimize recurrence based on our clinical experience...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843932/a-case-of-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-in-a-patient-with-primary-biliary-cirrhosis-and-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#2
Ariana N Eginli, Courtney W Bagayoko, Amy J McMichael
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a form of scarring hair loss that is characterized by hair follicle destruction in a fronto-temporo-parietal distribution. Its etiology is unknown; however, most authors presently favor an immune pathogenesis. Associated autoimmune connective tissue diseases have been reported in patients with FFA. We present a case of FFA in a woman with primary biliary cirrhosis and polymyalgia rheumatica, suggesting an association between these clinical entities and supporting a potential autoimmune etiology of FFA...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843931/revisiting-coudability-hairs-in-alopecia-areata-the-story-behind-the-name
#3
EDITORIAL
Rodrigo Pirmez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843930/linear-lichen-planopilaris-of-the-face-case-report-and-review
#4
Daniel Asz-Sigall, Ana Cecilia González-de-Cossio-Hernández, Erika Rodríguez-Lobato, María Fernanda Ortega-Springall, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
We describe the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a 5-month history of unilateral pruritic linear erythematous papules and atrophy on the chin and mandibular area. Dermoscopy showed areas of cicatricial alopecia with absence of follicular openings, perifollicular erythema and pigment. Lichen planopilaris of the face is a rare variant with only 13 cases reported in the literature.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843929/mottled-lunulae-in-nail-psoriasis-report-of-three-cases
#5
EDITORIAL
Adriana Peña-Romero, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, Judith Domínguez-Cherit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843928/frontal-alopecia-after-repeated-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injections-for-forehead-wrinkles-an-underestimated-entity
#6
Antonino Di Pietro, Bianca Maria Piraccini
BACKGROUND: Injections of botulinum toxin type A in the forehead have never been reported to cause hair side effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to report a new type of alopecia, which we have seen in women undergoing periodic injections of botulinum toxin type A for forehead wrinkles, and to differentiate it from other types of hair loss. METHODS: We conducted an observational study on 5 females recruited from a private and an institutional practice who complained of progressive recession of the hairline after periodic injections of botulinum toxin type A in the forehead...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843927/alopecia-areata-as-a-manifestation-of-systemic-lymphoma-report-of-two-cases
#7
Yuval Ramot, Alexander Gural, Abraham Zlotogorski
Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder leading to hair loss. It usually affects individuals under the age of 40, and first appearance in older subjects is considered uncommon. Here, we report 2 cases of rapidly progressing alopecia areata, which appeared for the first time in adults. Patient 1 had alopecia universalis, which preceded the identification of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma, a rare form of lymphoma. Patient 2 suffered from the ophiasis type of alopecia areata, presenting for the first time following chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843926/single-nail-involvement-as-first-sign-of-sweet-s-syndrome
#8
EDITORIAL
Giulia Rech, Riccardo Balestri, Michelangelo La Placa, Michela Magnano, Carlo Renè Girardelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843925/the-role-of-hair-restoration-surgery-in-primary-cicatricial-alopecia
#9
REVIEW
Maurice J Dahdah, Matilde Iorizzo
Primary scarring alopecias are a group of inflammatory conditions in which the main target of the inflammation is the hair follicle. They represent up to 7.3% of the hair loss cases presenting to specialty hair clinics. They are poorly understood, their pathogeneses are mostly unknown and their management is guided at best by the results of small case series and expert opinions. These alopecias are frequently referred to as a trichologic emergency as their progression can be rapid and the hair loss they induce is permanent...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843924/south-italy-a-privileged-perspective-to-understand-the-relationship-between-hidradenitis-suppurativa-and-overweight-obesity
#10
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Valerio De Vita, Marianna Donnarumma, Giuseppe Russo, Giuseppe Monfrecola
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that involves the terminal hair follicles of apocrine gland-bearing skin areas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between HS and systemic medical conditions, such as overweight/obesity during adolescence. METHODS: Epidemiologic data was collected from January 2014 up to December 2015 from 27 patients affected by HS, outpatients of the Dermatology Department of University of Naples Federico II, to examine the correlation between HS and overweight/obesity...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843923/spongiotic-trachyonychia-treated-with-topical-corticosteroids-using-the-paper-tape-occlusion-method
#11
EDITORIAL
Tomo Sakiyama, Ayaka Chaya, Tomoko Shimizu, Tamotsu Ebihara, Masataka Saito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843922/atypical-location-and-morphology-of-a-proximal-nail-fold-nevus-mimicking-other-diseases
#12
Renan Minotto, Andréia Della Giustina, Leandro Damiani, Ana Letícia Boff, Karen Scherer Bastos, Bianca Coelho Furtado
Melanocytic nevi result from the proliferation of melanocytes at the dermal-epidermal junction and/or in the dermis and very rarely affect the nail matrix and bed. Intradermal nevi are tumors often diagnosed in routine clinical dermatological practice, with typical clinical and histopathologic aspects, and found in a wide variety of skin sites. We report a case of intradermal melanocytic nevus of the proximal nail fold with uncommon intraoperative gross findings and without involvement of the nail bed or matrix, showing intradermal component only, which draws our attention to the possible different presentation of melanocytic lesions...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843921/telogen-effluvium-is-there-a-need-for-a-new-classification
#13
EDITORIAL
Ralph M Trüeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843920/proposing-a-simpler-classification-of-telogen-effluvium
#14
REVIEW
Alfredo Rebora
Telogen effluvium (TE) is a pathogenically heterogeneous condition which so far has been classified into acute and chronic forms - or, according to Headington, into 5 different pathogenetic forms. Regrettably, Headington's classification is difficult to apply in the office, and most papers dealing with TE ignore it. The present review intends to propose a novel classification of TE and to introduce, tentatively, a new variety of TE. Three pathogenetic types of TE can be identified, whose common clinical element is the profuse shedding of hairs: (1) premature teloptosis, (2) collective teloptosis, and (3) premature entry into the telogen phase...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843919/rosacea-management
#15
REVIEW
Manal Abokwidir, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition associated with four distinct subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. PURPOSE: To review the different kinds of management for all subtypes. METHODS: We divided rosacea management into three main categories: patient education, skin care, and pharmacological/procedural interventions. RESULTS: Flushing is better prevented rather than treated, by avoiding specific triggers, decreasing transepidermal water loss by moisturizers, and blocking ultraviolet light...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843918/role-of-hla-dr-alleles-to-increase-genetic-susceptibility-to-onychomycosis-in-nail-psoriasis
#16
Hilda Carrillo-Meléndrez, Esteban Ortega-Hernández, Julio Granados, Sara Arroyo, Rodrigo Barquera, Roberto Arenas
BACKGROUND: Patients with nail psoriasis have an increased risk of onychomycosis. Previous studies suggest it may be due to structural changes of the nails. However, a genetic predisposition seems to be also at play. OBJECTIVE: To determine a genetic susceptibility for onychomycosis in nails with changes of psoriasis. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study of patients with suggestive changes of nail psoriasis with onychomycosis (cases) and without onychomycosis (controls) confirmed by mycological tests...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843917/differential-diagnosis-of-female-pattern-hair-loss
#17
Daniel Asz-Sigall, Ana Cecilia González-de-Cossio-Hernández, Erika Rodríguez-Lobato, María Fernanda Ortega-Springall, Maria Elisa Vega-Memije, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843916/papular-eruptions-in-adult-females
#18
Leandro Noriega, Danielle Claudino Costa, Gilmayara Alves Pereira, Marina Lino Vieira, Nilton Di Chiacchio, Letícia Arsie Contin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843915/trachyonychia-and-twenty-nail-dystrophy-a-comprehensive-review-and-discussion-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#19
REVIEW
Audrey A Jacobsen, Antonella Tosti
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The term trachyonychia, also known as twenty-nail dystrophy, is used to describe thin, brittle nails with excessive longitudinal ridging. The term twenty-nail dystrophy has been incorrectly applied to other conditions that can affect all twenty nails. Therefore, we have conducted a comprehensive review of the clinical features of trachyonychia and have included a discussion regarding the diagnostic accuracy of this condition in the literature. METHODS: In November and December 2015, we conducted a thorough literature search using the following search terms: 'trachyonychia', 'twenty nail dystrophy', and 'sandpaper nails'...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843914/trichoscopy-of-focal-alopecia-in-children-new-trichoscopic-findings-hair-bulbs-arranged-radially-along-hair-bearing-margins-in-aplasia-cutis-congenita
#20
Adriana Rakowska, Małgorzata Maj, Małgorzata Zadurska, Joanna Czuwara, Olga Warszawik-Henzel, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
PURPOSE: To establish whether trichoscopy can be useful in the differential diagnosis of patchy alopecia in children. PROCEDURES: The study was a retrospective analysis (2012-2015) and included 68 patients under 6 years of age. The inclusion criteria were age and the presence of 1-3 alopecia patches. A total of 124 alopecia patches were examined with the use of a videodermoscope: 102 alopecia areata, 8 tinea capitis, 6 trichotillomania, 3 temporal triangular alopecia and 5 aplasia cutis congenita...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
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