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Skin Appendage Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879195/a-review-of-the-use-of-biotin-for-hair-loss
#1
REVIEW
Deepa P Patel, Shane M Swink, Leslie Castelo-Soccio
BACKGROUND: Biotin has gained commercial popularity for its claimed benefits on healthy hair and nail growth. Despite its reputation, there is limited research to support the utility of biotin in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on biotin efficacy in hair and nail growth. METHODS: We conducted a PubMed search of all case reports and randomized clinical trials (RCTs) using the following terms: (biotin and hair); (biotin and supplementation and hair); (biotin supplementation); (biotin and alopecia); (biotin and nails); (biotin and dermatology), and (biotin recommendations)...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879194/an-unusual-case-of-contact-dermatitis
#2
Olivia B Hughes, Andrea D Maderal, Antonella Tosti
We report a case of acute psoriasiform contact dermatitis of the forehead and scalp related to the use of a low-laser light cap. The patient had a positive patch test to dimethylol dihydroxyethyleneurea (DMDE), methylisothiazolinone, kathon CG, and cobalt. We believe that DMDE in the fabric of the cap was responsible for the allergic contact dermatitis in this case as the lesions resolved with cessation of cap use.
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879193/minocycline-induced-blue-gray-discoloration
#3
EDITORIAL
Michelangelo La Placa, Salvatore Domenico Infusino, Riccardo Balestri, Colombina Vincenzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879192/unsuccessful-treatment-of-alopecia-areata-with-simvastatin-ezetimibe-experience-in-12-patients
#4
Mabe Freitas Gouveia, Ralph M Trüeb
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alopecia areata is a common immune-mediated hair condition with limited treatment options and success rates. There is evidence that statins, which are used for reducing atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease, have immunomodulatory activities and therefore may also be used for treatment of selected dermatologic conditions, including alopecia areata. Among treatments evaluated for alopecia areata, oral simvastatin/ezetimibe therapy is currently under the scrutiny of expert opinion...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879191/patient-reported-outcomes-in-onychomycosis-a-review-of-psychometrically-evaluated-instruments-in-assessing-treatment-effectiveness
#5
REVIEW
Jenny Wang, Lauren E Wiznia, Evan A Rieder
PURPOSE: Onychomycosis is the most common nail disorder and causes morbidity and impaired quality of life (QOL). Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) are patients' assessment of their health status or treatment response. PROs help assess what is most bothersome to patients to identify targets for intervention. We sought to review the PRO instruments currently used to assess QOL and treatment response in onychomycosis patients. PROCEDURES: A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases through December 31, 2016, to identify all English language literature on onychomycosis, PRO, and QOL...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879190/primary-scarring-alopecia-clinical-pathological-review-of-72-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Salvador Villablanca, Cristián Fischer, S Cecilia García-García, J Manuel Mascaró-Galy, Juan Ferrando
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To analyze the epidemiologic, demographic, clinical, and histological characteristics of primary scarring alopecia (PSA) cases diagnosed over a 7-year period at the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain. PROCEDURES: Seventy-two patients diagnosed with PSA between 2006 and 2012 were included. Age, sex, ethnic group, clinical pattern, predominant histological infiltrate, final clinical diagnosis, time of onset, treatments used, and clinical evolution were evaluated and correlated...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879189/an-unusual-periungual-lesion
#7
REVIEW
Prativa S A Jayasekera, Fraser Charlton, Thomas J Oliphant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879188/the-use-of-direct-immunofluorescence-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#8
Aline Donati, Aditya K Gupta, Carolina Jacob, Benedicte Cavelier-Balloy, Pascal Reygagne
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) differs from lichen planopilaris (LPP) in many clinical aspects, but histology fails to distinguish between these entities. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) is a diagnostic technique used for autoimmune diseases, including those affecting skin and hair. OBJECTIVE: To characterize DIF patterns in patients with FFA. METHOD: Data was collected retrospectively from FFA cases presenting to the Centre de Santé Sabouraud Hair Clinic in Paris from November 2013 to November 2014...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879187/clinical-and-dermoscopic-features-of-the-scalp-in-31-patients-with-dermatomyositis
#9
Julio C Jasso-Olivares, Antonella Tosti, Mariya Miteva, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, José M Díaz-González
BACKGROUND: Scalp involvement is not directly evaluated in patients with dermatomyositis (DM). Therefore, the exact frequency of scalp dermatomyositis (SDM) and its clinical and trichoscopic characteristics have been poorly described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical and dermoscopic features of SDM in patients diagnosed with DM. METHODS: We performed a descriptive prospective, cross-sectional observational study that included all patients diagnosed with DM at a Mexican academic institute over the course of a year...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879186/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-alopecia-areata
#10
Theresa Christensen, Jessica S Yang, Leslie Castelo-Soccio
Alopecia areata (AA) is a clinically heterogeneous disease that is characterized by nonscarring hair loss, nail changes, and increased risk of other autoimmune disease. During clinical visits, children with AA often report bullying. We report survey results that highlight the prevalence of bullying and surrounding emotional impact of AA in pediatric patients. We found that bullying was common overall and additional psychological impact, including impairment of social and home life, was even more common. Children of all ages experienced bullying...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560221/successful-treatment-of-facial-papules-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-with-oral-isotretinoin
#11
Rodrigo Pirmez, Bruna Duque-Estrada, Taynara Barreto, Danielle C Quintella, Tullia Cuzzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560220/medical-and-surgical-treatment-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Nicolò Scuderi, Ambra Monfrecola, Luca Andrea Dessy, Gabriella Fabbrocini, Matteo Megna, Giuseppe Monfrecola
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease presenting with painful nodules, abscesses, sinus tracts, and scarring primarily affecting apocrine gland-rich intertriginous areas. HS prevalence ranges from 0.05 to 1%. The central pathogenic event in HS is believed to be the occlusion of the upper part of the folliculopilosebaceous unit, leading to the rupture of the sebofollicular canal with the consequent development of perifollicular lymphohistiocytic inflammation. The HS treatment choices are influenced by disease severity and its individual subjective impact, involving both medical and surgical interventions...
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560219/atypical-localization-of-necrobiosis-lipoidica-involvement-of-the-face-and-scalp
#13
Şirin Yaşar, Emre Kaynak, Pembegül Güneş, Fatih Göktay, Sema Aytekin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560218/dermoscopic-analysis-of-nevus-sebaceus-of-jadassohn-a-study-of-13-cases
#14
Awatef Kelati, Hanane Baybay, Salim Gallouj, Fatima Zahra Mernissi
BACKGROUND: Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn (NSJ) is a complex cutaneous hamartoma with various clinical appearances. AIM: To describe different dermoscopic patterns of this nevus according to its evolutionary stages. METHODS: This was an analytical study of NSJ carried out in the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with a NSJ were enrolled in the study...
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560217/dermoscopy-in-the-evaluation-of-nail-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Aurora Alessandrini, Michela Starace, Bianca Maria Piraccini
Nail dermoscopy was initially used only in the assessment of nail pigmentation, but now it is widely utilized for the evaluation of many nail disorders. In daily practice, dermoscopy may confirm clinical diagnoses and guides in the management of nail diseases and treatments, permitting a better visualization of symptoms. Dry dermoscopy is required for evaluation of the nail plate surface, while gel as an interface is necessary for assessment of nail pigmentation and onycholysis, as well as for the evaluation of the distal nail margin...
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560216/a-painful-periungual-red-spot-in-a-patient-with-onychodystrophy
#16
REVIEW
Ahu Yorulmaz, Basak Yalcin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560215/temporal-triangular-alopecia-in-children-the-same-clinical-feature-for-two-distinct-entities
#17
REVIEW
Awatef Kelati, Hannane Baybay, Fatima Zahra Mernissi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560214/clinical-and-histopathological-findings-of-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-associated-lichen-planus-pigmentosus
#18
Ricardo Romiti, Camila Fátima Biancardi Gavioli, Alessandra Anzai, Andréia Munck, Carolina Oliveira Costa Fechine, Neusa Y S Valente
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a primary lymphocytic scarring alopecia occurring mainly in postmenopausal women. A range of facial lesions have been described in FFA, such as lichen planus (LP) pigmentosus, red dots, facial papules, and perifollicular and diffuse erythema. These lesions can be the first sign of FFA. LP pigmentosus is a rare variant of LP. The first description of LP pigmentosus associated with FFA (in 2012) reported 22 cases of LP pigmentosus among 44 cases of FFA affecting South African patients...
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612002/longitudinal-asymptomatic-xanthonychia
#19
Guillermo Antonio Guerrero-González, Juan Carlos Robles-Mendez, Marcela Saeb-Lima, Nilton Gioia Di Chiacchio, Osvaldo Vázquez-Martínez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612001/botulinum-toxin-off-label-use-in-dermatology-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Anna Campanati, Emanuela Martina, Katia Giuliodori, Veronica Consales, Ivan Bobyr, Annamaria Offidani
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum which causes a flaccid muscle paralysis. It is currently used for aesthetic treatments and in the focal hyperhidrosis. Recently, botulinum toxin has also been used experimentally in many other dermatological conditions with good results. OBJECTIVE: To review and analyze the possible botulinum toxin off-label applications published. METHODS: A retrospective review of the published data was conducted...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
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