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Skin Appendage Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888228/cicatricial-alopecia-in-identical-twin-lumbee-native-american-women
#1
Lindsay C Strowd, Jacob Subash, Sean McGregor, Amy McMichael
Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) has become a well-known entity occurring mainly in African-American women, but is rarely encountered in other populations. This report describes a set of identical twin Lumbee Indian women, both developing cicatricial alopecia, with one sister diagnosed with CCCA overlap with lichen planopilaris and the other with CCCA. The Lumbee Tribe is a federally recognized group of Native Americans who reside in North Carolina. Lumbee Indians have shown an increased incidence of several metabolic and neurologic diseases but cicatricial alopecia has never been an identified associated disease of the Lumbee...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765974/diving-under-nail-plate
#2
Carlota Gutiérrez García-Rodrigo, Virginia Velasco Tamaríz, Marta Prieto Barrios, José Luis Rodríguez-Peralto, Beatriz García Bracamonte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765973/complete-regrowth-of-beard-hair-with-ruxolitinib-in-an-alopecia-universalis-patient
#3
Yuval Ramot, Abraham Zlotogorski
While most alopecia areata (AA) cases resolve spontaneously, the more severe types of AA, alopecia totalis (AT) and alopecia universalis (AU), can be highly resistant to therapy. We report on a 33-year-old ultraorthodox Jewish man with an 11-year history of AA that resulted in complete loss of the scalp and body hair 7 years ago. Previous treatments with intralesional and systemic corticosteroids had only partial and temporary effects. The patient was treated with ruxolitinib, 20 mg twice daily, resulting in complete growth of the beard after 4 months of treatment...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765972/reflectance-confocal-microscopy-as-new-diagnostic-tool-in-folliculotropic-mycosis-fungoides
#4
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Caterina Mazzella, Mariateresa Cantelli, Antonello Baldo, Daniela Russo, Gaetano De Rosa, Giuseppe Monfrecola
We present a case of folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF), a variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma which particularly affects hair follicles. FMF can imitate a wide variety of otherwise benign dermatoses, so it poses major diagnostic obstacles both for the dermatologist as well as the dermatopathologist. In our case, in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) was very important for guiding the skin biopsy site selection. For this reason, RCM can reduce the number of unsuccessful histopathological examinations and increase the diagnostic accuracy for different skin dermatoses...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765971/alopecia-areata-in-a-dog-clinical-dermoscopic-and-histological-features
#5
Fabia Scarampella, Paola Roccabianca
Alopecia areata (AA)-like disease is characterized by multifocal patchy hair loss in humans, rodents, dogs, and horses. Remarkable similarities between human and nonhuman AA cases have been reported in terms of clinical presentation, histology, and immune mechanisms of the disease. Canine AA-like lesions most often consist of well-demarcated alopecic patches, frequently but not only involving the face and the head, which extend to the ear pinnae and legs. In some cases, hair loss can have a more generalized distribution...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765970/clinical-description-of-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-with-concomitant-lichen-planopilaris
#6
David Saceda-Corralo, Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Pablo Fonda-Pascual, Cristina Pindado-Ortega, Oscar M Moreno-Arrones, Sergio Vañó-Galván
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765969/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-case-involving-the-scalp-clinical-and-videodermoscopic-findings
#7
Carlos Daniel Sánchez Cárdenas, Yolanda Judith Álvarez Luna, Yesenia Bello Hernández, Daniel Asz Sigall, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a worldwide infectious disease caused by flagellate protozoa of the genus Leishmania . In America, the species most commonly responsible for CL are L. mexicana and L. brasiliensis . Usually, in America, it is transmitted by sand flies mainly of the genus Lutzomyia and Psychodopygus . CL most commonly affects exposed areas and is characterized by an erythematous infiltrated and ulcerated papular or nodular lesion. We report a 28-year-old male, with a 6-month history and a previous trip to the forest in the south of Mexico...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765968/histopathological-evidence-of-the-efficacy-of-percutaneous-ethanol-injection-in-the-treatment-of-axillary-osmidrosis-a-promising-new-procedure
#8
Ali Asilian, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Masoom Shahbazi
Axillary osmidrosis (AO) is a common disease, affecting patients psychologically and influencing their quality of life. The medical approach to AO remains controversial, ranging from conservative medical to surgical choices. We describe the successful treatment of AO and axillary hyperhidrosis (AH) using percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in a 30-year-old patient with AO and AH who did not respond to topical and systemic medication. We also describe the clinical efficacy of PEI by presenting our experience with histopathological evidence of necrosis of the sweat glands...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765967/nail-pyogenic-granuloma-following-treatment-with-blinatumomab
#9
Dilshad Paurobally, Josette Andre, Bertrand Richert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765966/further-clinical-evidence-for-the-effect-of-igf-1-on-hair-growth-and-alopecia
#10
Ralph M Trüeb
Observations on the Laron syndrome originally offered the opportunity to explore the effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) deficiency on human hair growth and differentiation. According to its expression in the dermal hair papilla, IGF-1 is likely involved in reciprocal signaling. It has been shown to affect follicular proliferation, tissue remodeling, and the hair growth cycle, as well as follicular differentiation, identifying IGF-1 signaling as an important mitogenic and morphogenetic regulator in hair follicle biology...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765965/dermoscopy-of-yellow-concretions-on-axillary-hair
#11
Jessica Cervantes, Robert J Johr, Antonella Tosti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765964/a-rare-syndrome-resembling-scleroderma-huriez-syndrome
#12
Nil Su Çelik, Şirin Yaşar, Sema Aytekin, Pembegül Güneş
Huriez syndrome, also referred to as "sclerotylosis," is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by the triad of congenital scleroatrophy of the distal extremities, palmoplantar keratoderma, and hypoplastic nails. The development of aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in the scleroatrophic area is also a distinctive feature of the syndrome. Early diagnosis is important due to the early onset, mostly in the third to fourth decades of life, and aggressive progress of SCC, which occurs in around 15% of affected individuals...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765963/alopecic-and-aseptic-nodules-of-the-scalp-first-report-in-south-america-and-second-in-america
#13
Cristián Fischer-Levancini, Matías Gompertz, Antonio Guglielmetti, Héctor Opazo
Alopecic and aseptic nodules of the scalp, also named pseudocysts of the scalp, are a relatively new, little-known, and for sure underdiagnosed disease. It affects mostly young men and is characterized by a solitary or a few dome-shaped nodules accompanied by nonscarring alopecia, deep inflammatory infiltration in the skin biopsy specimen, and, in most cases, granulomas. It has a good response to doxycycline, intralesional corticosteroids, or drainage/aspiration of the lesion. We present a case report and a summary of the published cases...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765962/value-of-eponyms-in-dermato-trichological-nomenclature
#14
REVIEW
Ralph M Trüeb
Traditionally, syndromes have been named after the physician who originally identified the condition. These are referred to as eponymous syndromes. Nevertheless, the term eponym is to be regarded in a broader sense, since - by definition - an eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or which something is named. Accordingly, some eponymous syndromes do not refer to the physician who originally reported the condition, but alternatively to the indicator patient, a geographic location, or a historical, literary, or mythological context...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765961/efinaconazole-10-topical-solution-case-review-of-onychomycosis-patients-who-were-completely-cured-at-week-24
#15
Boni E Elewski, Antonella Tosti, Tina Lin
Background: Clinical studies with topical onychomycosis agents typically involve daily application over 48 weeks. Some patients are cured earlier; however, individual data are limited. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess baseline demographics/disposition of onychomycosis patients completely cured at week 24 following daily efinaconazole treatment. Methods: We conducted a week-24 case review of 2 identical, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies on 1,655 patients with mild-to-moderate onychomycosis...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765960/lichen-planopilaris-with-pustules-a-diagnostic-challenge
#16
Karina L Morais, Cintia F Martins, Alessandra Anzai, Neusa Y S Valente, Ricardo Romiti
Introduction: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecia presenting with scarring hair loss and variable degrees of perifollicular erythema and scaling. Pustules are infrequent and may mimic folliculitis decalvans (FD) and other forms of neutrophilic alopecia. We present a series of LPP cases with pustules and discuss the importance of differentiating them from primary neutrophilic folliculitis. Materials and Methods: Demographic, clinical, histopathological, and follow-up data of 13 cases of LPP with pustules followed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo Medical School were described...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457019/platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-treatment-of-hair-disorders
#17
EDITORIAL
Antonella Tosti, Dimitris Rigopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457018/nail-changes-in-early-mycosis-fungoides
#18
Amir Hooshang Ehsani, Maryam Nasimi, Arghavan Azizpour, Pedram Noormohammadpoor, Kambiz Kamyab, Hasan Seirafi, Mojghan Noori
Background: Mycosis fungoides (MF) has a wide range of clinical presentations and it has been reported rarely to involve the nail apparatus. Objective: We intended to evaluate the frequency and characteristics of nail changes in patients with biopsy-proven MF. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 60 patients with MF who were evaluated at our cancer center from 2013 to 2014 was performed to identify patients with nail changes. Histological examinations of the skin around the nail apparatus were obtained from 10 patients with periungual skin erythema and scaling...
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457017/distinct-trichoscopic-features-of-the-sideburns-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-compared-to-the-frontotemporal-scalp
#19
Jessica Cervantes, Mariya Miteva
The trichoscopic features of frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) have been described in the frontotemporal area, yet there is no data detailing the trichoscopic features of the sideburns, which can be the initial or exclusive area of involvement. In this retrospective cohort study, 236 trichoscopic images of the frontotemporal and sideburn area obtained via dry trichoscopy from patients with biopsy-proven FFA were examined by two independent researchers to determine the trichoscopic features of FFA in the sideburns...
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457016/red-dots-in-a-net-like-pattern-on-the-upper-chest-a-novel-clinical-observation-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-and-fibrosing-alopecia-in-pattern-distribution
#20
Victoria Billero, Kate E Oberlin, Mariya Miteva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
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