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Korean Journal of Neurotrauma

Sang-Youl Yoon, Seong-Hyun Park, Jeong-Hyun Hwang, Sung-Kyoo Hwang
We report a case of multiple symptomatic cerebral infarctions from a traumatic vertebral artery dissection (VAD) after cervical fractures. A 73-year-old man was admitted with stuporous mentality and left hemiparesis after a motor-vehicle accident. A brain computed tomography (CT) scan at admission showed a traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage on the left parietal lobe. A cervical CT scan showed left lateral mass fractures on C2, C5, and C6, involving the transverse foramen. Cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed loss of signal void on the left vertebral artery...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Young Sub Kwon, Yun Ho Lee, Jin Mo Cho
OBJECTIVE: The LiquoGuard® system is a new ventricular-type monitoring device that facilitates intracranial pressure (ICP)-controlled or volume-controlled drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The purpose of this study is to report the authors' experience with the LiquoGuard® ICP monitoring system, as well as the clinical safety, usefulness, and limitations of this device in the management of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Intraventricular ICP monitoring was performed on 10 patients with TBI using the LiquoGuard® monitoring system...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Young Sub Kwon, Kook Hee Yang, Yun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: Craniotomy (CO) and decompressive craniectomy (DC) are two main surgical options for acute subdural hematomas (ASDH). However, optimal selection of surgical modality is unclear and decision may vary with surgeon's experience. To clarify this point, we analyzed preoperative findings and surgical outcome of patients with ASDH treated with CO or DC. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2014, data for 46 patients with ASDH who underwent CO or DC were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Han San Oh, Tae Wan Kim, Hyun Gon Kim, Kwan Ho Park
OBJECTIVE: Vertebroplasty is an effective treatment for vertebral compression fracture, but may progress gradual vertebral height decrease in spite of vertebroplasty. Gradual vertebral height decrease also may induce aggravation of kyphotic change without severe pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for gradual vertebral height decrease in the absence of recurrent severe back pain. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 44 patients who were diagnosed with a first osteoporotic compression fracture at a single level at the thoracolumbar junction...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Chang Hyun Oh, Yu Shik Shim, Seung Hwan Yoon, Dongkeun Hyun, Hyeonseon Park, Eunyoung Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate survival related factors, as well as to evaluate the effects of early decompression on acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed cases of decompressive craniectomy (DC) for decade. In total, 198 cases of DC involved ASDH were available for review, and 65 cases were excluded due to missing data on onset time and a delayed operation after closed observation with medical care. Finally, 133 cases of DC with ASDH were included in this study, and various factors including the time interval between trauma onset and operation were evaluated...
April 2016: Korean J Neurotrauma
Se Ho Jeong, Ui Seok Wang, Seok Won Kim, Sang Woo Ha, Jong Kyu Kim
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic epidural fluid collection (EFC) arising as a complication of cranioplasty is underestimated and poorly described. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for development of symptomatic EFC after cranioplasty following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2014, 82 cranioplasties following decompressive hemicraniectomy for TBI were performed by a single surgeon. Of these 82 patients, 17 were excluded from this study due to complications including postoperative hematoma, hydrocephalus, or infection...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Yoshifumi Mizobuchi, Shinji Nagahiro
We review current topics in sport-related head injuries including acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), traumatic cerebrovascular disease, cerebral concussion, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Sports-related ASDH is a leading cause of death and severe morbidity in popular contact sports like American football and Japanese judo. Rotational acceleration can cause either cerebral concussion or ASDH due to rupture of a parasagittal bridging vein. Although rare, approximately 80% of patients with cerebral infarction due to sport participation are diagnosed with ischemia or infarction due to arterial dissection...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Ji Yong Kim, Do Keun Kim, Seung Hwan Yoon
Spine surgery has been increased as the population ages, but the occurrence of unusual complication such as remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is not well understood. We recently experienced a case of RCH in a 60-year-old woman showed neurologic dysfunction after degenerative lumbar spine surgery. There was no definite dural tearing and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) loss during operation. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar hemorrhage. The patient received conservative management and rehabilitation program...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Han Joo Lee, Bong Ju Moon, William A Pennant, Dong Ah Shin, Keung Nyun Kim, Do Heum Yoon, Yoon Ha
While injuries to the spine after an airplane crash are not rare, most crashes result in fatal injuries. As such, few studies exist that reported on spine fractures sustained during airplane accidents. In this report, we demonstrate three cases of spine fractures due to crash landing of a commercial airplane. Three passengers perished from injuries after the crash landing, yet most of the passengers and crew on board survived, with injuries ranging from minor to severe. Through evaluating our three spine fracture patients, it was determined that compression fracture of the spine was the primary injury related to the airplane accident...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Sei-Youn Yang, Sang-Bok Lee, Kyoung-Suok Cho
Esophageal perforation is a serious possible complication after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). It usually occurs during the first postoperative day. Esophageal perforation is a potentially life-threatening complication. A 63-year-old man who underwent ACDF 8 years prior visited our emergency room with recurrent aspiration pneumonia, fever, dysphagia and neck pain. Endoscopic study showed esophageal perforation by cervical plate. Successful treatment of the perforation resulted after surgical repair using a sternocleidomastoid muscle flap...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Jiin Kang, Kum Whang, Soon-Ki Hong, Jin-Soo Pyen, Sung-Min Cho, Jong-Yeon Kim, So-Hyun Kim, Ji-Woong Oh
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a collection of old blood and its breakdown products between the surface of the brain parenchyma and the outermost layer called the dura. The most common treatment option for primary CSDH is burr-hole trephination; however, the treatment method for recurrent CSDH is still widely debated. An arachnoid cyst (AC) is a sac filled with cerebrospinal fluid located between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, which is one of the three meninges covering the brain or spinal cord...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Soo-Young Hu, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
Although the musculoskeletal injuries associated with break-dancing which is gaining more popularity among adolescent and young people has been reported, the report regarding a peripheral nerve injury associated with breakdance is scarce. We report a rare case of a young amateur break-dancer, 'b-boy' who suffered from a painful paresthesia in his left hand, later diagnosed as type III Guyon's canal syndrome. A 23-year-old, right handed college man presented with a tenderness over the left hypothenar eminence and painful paresthesia over the ring and little fingers of 3 months duration...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Soo Dong Park, Sang Woo Kim, Ikchan Jeon
We report a case of Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) caused by an accidental stab injury of the cervical spine that shows clear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical presentation. A 42-year-old woman was brought into the emergency department after a stab injury on the right side of the posterior neck from a knife that was lying in a fruit basket after slipping. The patient complained of hemiparesis of the right-side extremities, and ipsilateral hypoesthesia and contralateral sensory loss of pain and temperature were also found on neurological examination...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Jin Hyuk Bang, Keun-Tae Cho
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is often defined as a complex of symptoms and signs consisting of low back pain, bilateral sciatica, lower extremity weakness, saddle anesthesia, and bowel and bladder dysfunction. CES is considered to be neurosurgical emergency. Delayed or missed diagnosis of CES can result in serious morbidity and neurological sequelae. However, the diagnosis of CES is often difficult when one or more of these symptoms are absent or when these symptoms develop asymmetrically or incompletely. We report a case of urinary retention and sphincter dysfunction without sciatica or motor weakness following an L3 burst fracture in a 52-year-old male and discuss the atypical presentation of CES and treatment of traumatic CES...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Seong-Jong Lee, Sun-Chul Hwang, Jung-Mi Park, Bum-Tae Kim
Perfusion study should be preoperatively required for the trapping of an internal carotid artery (ICA) in the traumatic pseudoaneurysm in the petrous ICA. A 23-year-old man was admitted with a semicomatose consciousness after a passenger traffic accident. A fracture on the right petrous apex and a pseudoaneurysm in the right petrous ICA was found in the brain computed tomography (CT) angiogram. The size of aneurysm grew in the catheter angiogram at the 3rd day of trauma. One-day protocol of brain single photon emission CT (SPECT), which the first scan with 20 mCi of technetium-99m-ethyl cysteinate diethylester ((99m)Tc-ECD) and the second scan with 40 mCi in double dose at 15 minutes during the balloon test occlusion (BTO) at the same day, was done for the perfusion evaluation before trapping the right ICA...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Dong Ho Kim, Jong Young Lee, Hong Jun Jeon, Byung Moon Cho, Se-Hyuck Park, Sae-Moon Oh
A 21-year-old female presented with acute epidural hemorrhage (EDH) on the left temporal region associated with skull fracture after traffic accident. She was neurologically deteriorated at four-hour after an admission, and follow-up computed tomography revealed increased amount of EDH. Under the general anesthesia, emergency craniotomy was performed. During the surgery, massive bleeding from the base of middle cranial fossa was observed. However, we could not identify an origin of bleeding and foramen spinosum due to brain swelling and obscured surgical field...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Jae-Hun Kim, Sang-Woo Ha, Byung-Chul Son
The aim of this paper was to report the effect of temporary and chronic spinal cord stimulation for refractory neuropathic pain in neuralgic amyotrophy (NA). A 35-year-old female presented with two-months history of a severe, relentless neuropathic pain of the left shoulder, forearm, palm, and fingers. The neuropathic pain was refractory to various medical treatments, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opiates, epidural and stellate ganglion blocks, and typically unrelenting. The diagnosis of NA was made with the characteristic clinical history and magnetic resonance imaging...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Jin Hyuk Bang, Keun-Tae Cho, Ho Jun Lee
Leg swelling in patients with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs for various reasons, including heterotopic ossification (HO), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), fracture, or cellulitis. The clinical presentations of these conditions may overlap in part or in whole and it may occasionally be difficult to distinguish. Of these conditions, DVT and subsequent pulmonary embolism remain significant causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with SCI. Therefore, a prompt diagnostic work-up, particularly for DVT, is essential in patients with SCI, who present with leg swelling...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Chae Wook Huh, Kyoung Hyup Nam, Chang Hwa Choi, Jae Il Lee
This case report describes a traumatic pseudoaneurysm arising from the right V4 segment of the vertebral artery, near the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Post-traumatic vertebral artery pseudoaneurysm is rare, but associated with a high mortality rate. We report on an extremely rare case of post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the vertebral artery with delayed manifestation. A 9-year-old child was admitted to the emergency room after a pedestrian car accident. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed subarachnoid hemorrhage with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), multiple facial bones, and temporal bone fracture...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Seng-Won Kim, Kil-Sung Chae, Jae-Hyon Shim, Seung-Jin Rho, Hak-Ki Choi, Hwa-Seung Park
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are uncommon, representing only 10% to 15% of all intracranial AVFs. Here we present the case of a patient with cerebral infarction who experienced a dural AVF after craniotomy for superficial temporal artery (STA) to middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass surgery. A 48-year-old man presented with dysarthria and right side hemiparesis. A brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed multiple acute infarctions and severe stenosis of the left MCA. Therefore, STA-MCA bypass surgery was performed...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
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