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SICOT-J

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125120/canal-to-diaphysis-ratio-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fractures-and-hip-fracture-pattern
#1
Prasad Ellanti, Kunal Mohan, Andrew Moriarity, Niall Hogan, Tom McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis and related fractures constitute a significant burden on modern healthcare. The standard method of diagnosing osteoporosis with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan is limited by accessibility and expense. The thickness of the cortex of the proximal femur on plain radiographs has been suggested to be a method for indicating osteoporosis and as a risk factor of hip fractures in the elderly. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of the canal-diaphysis ratio (CDR) as a risk factor for developing a hip fracture, excluding patients presenting under 50 years old, following high-energy trauma or pathological fractures...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087292/think-surgical-tsolution-one-%C3%A2-robodoc-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Ming Han Lincoln Liow, Pak Lin Chin, Hee Nee Pang, Darren Keng-Jin Tay, Seng-Jin Yeo
THINK Surgical TSolution-One(®) is an active-autonomous, image-based, robotic milling system which enables the surgeon to attain a consistently accurate implant component positioning. The TSolution-One(®) system is capable of achieving this through an image-based preoperative planning system which allows the surgeon to create, view and analyse the surgical outcome in 3D. The accuracy and precision of component positioning have been attributed to the following factors: customized distal femoral resection, accurate determination of the femoral rotational alignment, minimization of errors and maintenance of bone temperature with robotic milling...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087291/combined-three-part-humeral-anterior-fracture-dislocation-and-humeral-shaft-fracture-treated-with-one-stage-long-stem-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-in-an-active-elderly-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Guillaume Herzberg, Eloise Tebaa
INTRODUCTION: Injuries combining a humeral head fracture-dislocation and a shaft fracture of the ipsilateral humerus are very rare. They should be separated from extended fractures of the humeral head to the shaft [1]. CASE REPORT: We present the case of an active 84-year-old man who sustained a three-part fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus combined with a long spiral humeral middle third diaphyseal fracture, after a ski fall. We were unable to find a similar case in the literature...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043967/dual-head-screw-hip-nailing-for-trochanteric-fractures
#4
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, George N Panagopoulos, Ioannis P Galanopoulos, Christos Th Vottis, Eirinaios Karamanis, Panayiotis Koulouvaris, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
INTRODUCTION: There are limited information and inconclusive results for dual head screw intramedullary hip nails for trochanteric fractures. Therefore, we performed a prospective study to evaluate the healing of fractures, and survival, function, and complications of patients operated with this implant. METHODS: We prospectively studied 79 patients (61 women and 18 men; mean age: 84.7 years; range: 65-96 years) with a low-energy trochanteric fracture, treated with a dual head screw intramedullary hip nail from 2013 to 2016...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043966/hospital-at-home-a-review-of-our-experience
#5
Edmond C Y U, Glyn A Pryor, Martyn J Parker
INTRODUCTION: Hospital at home (HAH) is a service that provides home-based nursing and rehabilitation services whose aim is to prevent admission or to facilitate early discharge from care in an acute hospital. METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of early discharge hospital at home (HAH) schemes for hip fracture patients over a 27-year period in a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. A long-term database for audit and research purposes is maintained for all hip fracture patients admitted to Peterborough City Hospital...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034875/treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneus-fractures-a-current-concepts-review
#6
Mandeep S Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar
Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneus fractures (DIACFs) represent a source of tremendous disability to the patient, economic burden to the society and a treatment challenge to the average orthopaedic surgeon. To date, no single approach is universally applicable to all calcaneus fractures. Despite a plethora of published meta-analyses and recent randomized controlled trials, the literature is still unclear and offers conflicting recommendations. The aim of this current concepts review is to assess the latest available data and offer pragmatic and practical recommendations to address some of the issues surrounding DIACFs...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990575/a-systematic-review-of-the-concept-and-clinical-applications-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-in-tendon-pathology
#7
Mohamed A Imam, James Holton, Saman Horriat, Ahmed S Negida, Florian Grubhofer, Rohit Gupta, Ali Narvani, Martyn Snow
Tendon pathologies are a group of musculoskeletal conditions frequently seen in clinical practice. They can be broadly classified into traumatic, degenerative and overuse-related tendinopathies. Rotator cuff tears, Achilles tendinopathy and tennis elbow are common examples of these conditions. Conventional treatments have shown inconsistent outcomes and might fail to provide satisfactory clinical improvement. With the growing trend towards the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in other branches of medicine, there is an increasing interest in treating tendon pathologies using the bone marrow MSC...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990574/an-evidence-based-evaluation-on-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-orthopedics-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Nasir Hussain, Herman Johal, Mohit Bhandari
Within orthopedics, the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been rapidly increasing in popularity, however, its true effectiveness has yet to be fully established. Several studies find that injecting PRP to the site of injury does not provide any significant benefit with respect to clinical outcomes; however, many others report the contrary. Due to the conflicting evidence and multiple meta-analyses conducted on the topic, a literature review of high-quality evidence on the use of PRP for common orthopaedic conditions was performed...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984572/total-hip-arthroplasty-via-the-direct-anterior-approach-with-a-dual-mobility-cup-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fracture-in-patients-with-a-high-risk-of-dislocation
#9
Hironori Ochi, Tomonori Baba, Yasuhiro Homma, Mikio Matsumoto, Taiji Watari, Yu Ozaki, Hideo Kobayashi, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is superior to bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for displaced femoral neck fracture in terms of hip pain, function and reoperation rate, THA has a higher rate of dislocation. The direct anterior approach (DAA) and a dual mobility cup (DMC) are associated with lower rates of dislocation. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of THA compared with BHA, and in those patients who had a THA we investigated those with a DMC (DMC-THA) and compared them with those had a single conventional cup (Single cup-THA)...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905738/extraskeletal-osteochondroma-within-the-iliopsoas-muscle-case-report
#10
Svetoslav Slavchev, Georgi P Georgiev
Osteochondromas, occurring usually in the metaphyses of long bones, are among the most frequent benign musculoskeletal neoplasms and both their sporadic and hereditary variants have been studied extensively. Extraskeletal osteochondromas, however, are much less common. They have been shown to arise near joints or synovial spaces of feet, hands, or bursae. Herein, we present a very rare case of an extraskeletal osteochondroma within the iliopsoas muscle.
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905737/giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-revisited
#11
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasileios G Igoumenou, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos, Panayotis N Soucacos
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a locally aggressive benign neoplasm that is associated with a large biological spectrum ranging from latent benign to highly recurrent and occasionally metastatic malignant bone tumor. It accounts for 4-10% of all bone tumors and typically affects the meta-epiphyseal region of long bones of young adults. The most common site involved is the distal femur, followed by the distal radius, sacrum, and proximal humerus. Clinical symptoms are nonspecific and may include local pain, swelling, and limited range of motion of the adjacent joint...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875929/pediatric-cervical-spine-injuries-with-neurological-deficits-treatment-options-and-potential-for-recovery
#12
Belal Elnady, Essam El-Morshidy, Mohamed El-Meshtawi, Ahmed Shawky
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to highlight the challenges in managing cervical spine injuries in children with neurological deficits. INTRODUCTION: Cervical spine injuries in children are relatively rare. Pattern, severity, and level of these injuries are age dependent. Neurological deficits in young children are uncommon and usually have a good potential for recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This report includes four cases with pediatric cervical spine injuries with variable degrees of spinal cord injuries and neurological deficits...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862131/three-cases-of-type-1-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-after-elective-total-hip-replacement
#13
Gerardo Zanotti, Pablo Ariel Slullitel, Fernando Martín Comba, Martín Alejandro Buttaro, Francisco Piccaluga
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) constitutes an atypical cause of pain after orthopaedic procedures. To our knowledge, there is a paucity of literature reporting this syndrome after total hip arthroplasty (THR), since only two case reports have been published. We thenceforth describe the clinical outcome of three cases of type-1 CRPS developed after elective THR, two of them initially diagnosed with secondary osteoarthritis whereas the remaining one presented a sequel of a failed osteosynthesis that required conversion to THR...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782498/results-of-arthroscopic-treatment-of-chondral-delamination-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-with-bone-marrow-stimulation-and-bst-cargel-%C3%A2
#14
Mahmoud Tahoun, Tamer Aly Shehata, Inmaculada Ormazabal, Jesús Mas, Javier Sanz, Marc Tey Pons
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to show the preliminary results of using chitosan-based scaffold (BST-CarGel(®)) with microfracture for treatment of acetabular chondral delamination associated with femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 13 hips. Patients were selected in the age group between 18 and 50 years. Patients with delamination of acetabular cartilage associated with femoroacetabular impingement received arthroscopic debridement and microfracture technique...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752819/computer-assisted-navigation-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Kamal Deep, Shivakumar Shankar, Ashish Mahendra
INTRODUCTION: Computer assisted surgery was pioneered in early 1990s. The first computer assisted surgery (CAS) total knee replacement with an imageless system was carried out in 1997. In the past 25 years, CAS has progressed from experimental in vitro studies to established in vivo surgical procedures. METHODS: A comprehensive body of evidence establishing the advantages of computer assisted surgery in knee and hip arthroplasty is available. Established benefits have been demonstrated including its role as an excellent research tool...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675371/proximal-femoral-derotation-osteotomy-for-idiopathic-excessive-femoral-anteversion-and-intoeing-gait
#16
Gohar Naqvi, Kuldeep Stohr, Andreas Rehm
AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the symptoms caused by excessive femoral anteversion and the outcomes of femoral derotation osteotomy. METHODS: We reviewed data on patients who underwent proximal femoral derotation osteotomy for symptomatic intoeing gait caused by femoral anteversion. Only symptomatic patients were considered for corrective derotation osteotomy. Degree of femoral anteversion was confirmed on computed tomography (CT) scan. RESULTS: Thirty-five extremities were operated in 21 patients with an average age of 13...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664844/longus-colli-tendinitis-a-review-of-literature-and-case-series
#17
Ahmed Shawky, Belal Elnady, Essam El-Morshidy, Wael Gad, Ali Ezzati
PURPOSE: To increase the awareness of longus colli tendinitis (LCT) among spine specialists and to present a practical overview of diagnostic and treatment options, so that unnecessary interventions are avoided. Five sample cases from a German spine center will also be presented. METHODS: Literature review and case series. A PubMed search was performed in May 2015, and the articles found were reviewed for clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment. The frequency of publication of LCT cases and the specialty of journals were also noted...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664843/management-of-soft-tissue-tumors-of-the-upper-extremity-a-review
#18
Kevin T Jubbal, Gehaan D'Souza, Reid A Abrams, Anna A Kulidjian
INTRODUCTION: Management of malignant tumors of the hand and wrist is challenging and is generally approached by limb salvage or amputation. With advances in care, amputation has been superseded by limb salvage as the treatment of choice. METHODS: A narrative literature review was performed to identify articles on the topic of management of soft tissue tumors of the upper extremity, including surgical management, adjuvant radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. RESULTS: A total of 29 articles were selected...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664842/difference-between-biomarkers-of-tibial-bone-marrow-and-adipose-tissue
#19
Ersin Kuyucu, Mehmet Erdil, Adnan Kara, Murat Bülbül
BACKGROUND: Stem cells, with their regeneration capacity, long-term viability, and differentiation characteristics, have indispensable biological properties. As described by Hauner and Grigoradis et al., mesenchymal stem cell originating from adipose or bone marrow can be differentiated into many tissues such as adipocyte, chondrocyte, myeloblast, and osteoblast. The aim of our study is to compare the use of adipose and tibial bone marrow derived stem cells for therapeutic purposes in orthopedic surgery, which has not been clearly evaluated in the literature to our knowledge and to also evaluate their use...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612705/treatment-of-acetabular-chondral-lesions-with-microfracture-technique
#20
Claudio Mella, Alvaro Nuñez, Ignacio Villalón
INTRODUCTION: Acetabular cartilage lesions are frequently found during hip arthroscopy. In the hip joint they mostly occur secondary to a mechanical overload resulting from a pre-existing deformity as hip dysplasia or femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Lesions identified during arthroscopy can vary greatly from the earliest stages to the most advanced (full-thickness lesions). These lesions occur in the acetabulum in the early stages of joint damage. Microfractures are indicated in full-thickness chondral defects...
2017: SICOT-J
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