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SICOT-J

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774866/femoral-neck-stress-fracture-in-a-young-female-recruit-case-report
#1
Hélder Fonte, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck stress fractures are uncommon and depending on their location, can be at high risk for non-union and significant morbidity.  Their prevalence is higher among runners and military recruits, and women seem to be at higher risk. METHODS: A 27-year-old female, who was enrolled in military recruit, reported left side groin pain after a strenuous running exercise. Due to persistent pain an X-Ray was ordered, which revealed no signs of acute lesions...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727270/pedicle-distraction-increases-intervertebral-and-spinal-canal-area-in-a-cadaver-and-bone-model
#2
Matthew Hughes, Nikolaos Papadakos, Tim Bishop, Jason Bernard
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spinal stenosis is degenerative narrowing of the spinal canal and/or intervertebral foramen causing compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots. Traditional decompression techniques can often cause significant trauma and vertebral instability. This paper evaluates a method of increasing pedicle length to decompress the spinal and intervertebral foramen, which could be done minimally invasive. METHODS: Three Sawbone (Sawbones Europe, Sweden) and 1 cadaveric lumbar spine underwent bilateral pedicle distraction at L4...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708871/spino-pelvic-radiological-parameters-in-normal-indian-population
#3
Roop Singh, Sushil Kumar Yadav, Sushma Sood, Rohtas Kumar Yadav, Ravi Rohilla
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing emphasis on the sagittal spino-pelvic alignment and its interpretation is of critical importance in the management of spinal disorders. A cross-sectional study of several spino-pelvic radiographic parameters was conducted to determine the physiological values of these parameters, to calculate the variations of these parameters according to epidemiological data, and to study the relationships among these parameters. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty normal healthy volunteers (29 males and 21 females) with no history of back pain were selected and were subjected to standing sagittal spino-pelvic radiographs...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667926/proximal-tibia-stress-fracture-with-osteoarthritis-of-knee-radiological-and-functional-analysis-of-one-stage-tka-with-long-stem
#4
Dhanasekaran Soundarrajan, Natesan Rajkumar, Palanisamy Dhanasekararaja, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Proximal tibia stress fractures with knee osteoarthritis pose a challenging situation. We evaluated the radiological and functional outcome of one-stage total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and long stem for patients with varied grades of knee arthritis and proximal tibia stress fractures.  Methods: We analysed 20 patients from April 2012 to March 2017 with proximal tibia stress fractures associated with knee osteoarthritis of varied grades. Out of 20 patients, five were acute fresh fractures...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629690/osteosarcoma-a-comprehensive-review
#5
Amirhossein Misaghi, Amanda Goldin, Moayd Awad, Anna A Kulidjian
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a relatively rare tumor of bone with a worldwide incidence of 3.4 cases per million people per year. For most of the twentieth century, five-year survival rates for classic OS were very low. In the 1970s, the introduction of adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of OS increased survival rates dramatically. The current article reviews the various types of OS and analyzes the clinical and histological features. We also examine historical and current literature to present a succinct review of methods for diagnosis and staging, as well as treatment, and we also discuss some of the future directions of treatment...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624496/advances-in-deformity-correction-limb-lengthening-and-reconstruction
#6
EDITORIAL
Yasser Elbatrawy
This article summarizes the content of this special issue of the journal about: deformity correction, limb lengthening and reconstruction.
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565244/current-paediatric-orthopaedic-practice-in-hereditary-multiple-osteochondromas-of-the-forearm-a-systematic-review
#7
Tamer A El-Sobky, Shady Samir, Ahmed Naeem Atiyya, Shady Mahmoud, Ahmad S Aly, Ramy Soliman
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review aims to answer three research questions concerning the management of hereditary multiple osteochondromas of forearm in children: What is the best available evidence for the currently employed surgical procedures? What patient characteristics are associated with better prognosis? What disease characteristics are associated with better prognosis? METHODS: We searched the literature using three major databases with no publication date restrictions...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561260/the-effect-of-corticosteroid-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-therapies-for-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis-a-systematic-review
#8
Walid Ben-Nafa, Wendy Munro
INTRODUCTION: Lateral epicondylitis is a common musculoskeletal disorder of the upper limb. Corticosteroid injection has been widely used as a major mode of treatment. However, better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease led to a major change in treating the disease, with new options including platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are currently used. Objectives/research aim: To systematically evaluate the effect of corticosteroid versus PRP injections for the treatment of LE. HYPOTHESIS: PRP injections provide longer-term therapeutic effect and less rate of complications compared to corticosteroid injection...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547118/digital-replantation-in-forward-surgical-units-a-cases-study
#9
Laurent Mathieu, Michel Levadoux, Emmanuel Soucany de Landevoisin, Tarun J McBride Windsor, Sylvain Rigal
INTRODUCTION: Noncombat-related hand injuries are common in current theatres of operations. Crushing is one of the most frequent mechanisms that may cause traumatic amputations of digits. In the military setting, management of these digital amputations is challenging regarding limitation in microsurgical means in medical treatment facilities and aeromedical evacuation delays out of the combat zone. METHODS: Two cases of digital replantation performed in French forward surgical units are described...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547117/retrospective-analysis-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-coronal-plane-fractures-of-the-capitellum-and-trochlea-using-the-anterolateral-approach
#10
Yashwant Singh Tanwar, Yatinder Kharbanda, Atin Jaiswal, Vikas Birla, Ramsagar Pandit
INTRODUCTION: Coronal plane distal humeral injuries are relatively rare. Numerous classification systems have been proposed as the complexity of these fractures has been realized. We in the present series of ten patients describe the surgical technique of Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Coronal plane fractures of the distal humerus with headless compression screws performed using the anterolateral approach. MATERIAL AND METHOD: It was a retrospective study, the data collected from March 2010 to 2015 was analysed and the final outcome was assessed using the DASH score...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547116/factors-associated-with-bone-metabolism-in-patients-with-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-accompanied-with-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis
#11
Shinji Horie, Yasunobu Sawaji, Kenji Endo, Hidekazu Suzuki, Yuji Matsuoka, Hirosuke Nishimura, Takeshi Seki, Kengo Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) are both characterized as ossification in paravertebral ligaments and sometimes present simultaneously, however, the bone metabolism in patients with cervical OPLL accompanying/not accompanying DISH has not well been studied. Thus, a retrospective analysis was performed to understand any differences in bone metabolism in these patients. METHODS: Male patients who underwent surgery for OPLL were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of DISH (OD and O group, respectively)...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547115/medium-term-results-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-as-a-primary-treatment-for-knee-fractures
#12
Ayman Ebied, Ahmed Zayda, Sameh Marei, Hany Elsayed
INTRODUCTION: Successful treatment of knee comminuted periarticular fractures associated with osteoporosis and pre-existing arthritis is a challenging task. METHODS: This is a prospective study on 27 patients who had comminuted intra and periarticular knee fractures and pre-existing arthritis. Fractures were classified according to Muller's AO classification. Primary knee arthroplasty was performed ± internal fixation following 4 weeks of splinting. A stem was added to the tibial tray and Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK) or Rotating Hinge (RH) prosthesis were used depending on the level of ligament damage and bone defects...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521260/tuberculous-lumbar-spinal-epidural-abscess-in-a-young-adult-case-report
#13
Ghazwan Abdulla Hasan, Saif Mohammed Kani, Ahmed Alqatub
INTRODUCTION: Spinal Epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon pathology that needs an urgent intervention to decompress the pressure on the spinal epidural sac, cord, and roots. The authors report a rare case of a young adult with lumbar spinal epidural tuberculous abscess occupying the spinal canal from L2-L5 vertebrae with extesion to the posterior paraspinal muscles and presenting with bilateral progressive lower limb weakness.   Case report: A 42 years old male teacher presented with a 15-day history of progressive difficulty to walking and bilateral lower limb weakness associated with fever, malaise and later on urinary incontinence...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469804/early-results-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-dual-mobility-cup-in-patients-with-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#14
Chahine Assi, Nadim Kheir, Camille Samaha, Pascal Kouyoumjian, Kaissar Yammine
INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) remains a therapeutic challenge for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). The majority of these patients are young with high functional demand, and show an increased risk of dislocation following surgery than patients with osteoarthritis. The use of double mobility cup (DMC) has been linked with lower rates of complications when compared to conservative cups; however, the literature is scarce over DMC results in patients with ONFH...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469803/use-of-the-hemicap-partial-hip-resurfacing-technique-for-traumatic-femoral-head-osteochondral-defects-following-obturator-hip-dislocations
#15
Varun Arora, Pierre Navarre, Mathias Russ, Max Esser
Fracture of the femoral head (OTA 31-C1.3) following anterior obturator dislocations are a challenging problem as the fractures are often communited, impacted and with loose osteochondral fragments, making surgical fixation difficult. This can result in residual articular defects if the fragments cannot be internally fixed and need be excised, predisposing to secondary osteoarthritis. Treatment options for these defects are limited, have variable results and with limited literature to guide us on outcomes due to the rarity of these injuries...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469802/nail-or-plate-in-the-management-of-distal-extra-articular-tibial-fracture-what-is-better-valutation-of-outcomes
#16
Michele Bisaccia, Andrea Cappiello, Luigi Meccariello, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Gabriele Falzarano, Antonio Medici, Cristina Ibáñez Vicente, Luigi Piscitelli, Verdiana Stano, Olga Bisaccia, Auro Caraffa
INTRODUCTION: Distal tibial fractures are the most common long bone fractures. Several studies focusing on the methods of treatment of displaced distal tibial fractures have been published. To date, locked plates, intramedullary nails and external fixation are the three most used techniques. The aim of our study was to compare intramedullary nail (IMN) and locked plate (LP) for treatment of this kind of fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data on 81 patients with distal tibial fractures (distance from the joint between 40 and 100 mm) and we divided into two groups: IMN and LP...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309029/acl-status-in-arthroplasty-patients-why-not-to-preserve
#17
Ahmed Abdelbadie, Ahmed Ali Toreih, Mohamed Ahmed Radwan
INTRODUCTION: Only 70-85% of patients that had total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are satisfied with their knees. The need for a near to normal knee kinematics is crucial and maybe the solution to their needs. Addressing the cruciate ligaments during surgery along with the extent of arthrosis may give a solution to this problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients in whom a total knee arthroplasty was indicated and performed were prospectively documented...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309028/basics-in-hip-chondrolabral-lesions-and-state-of-the-art
#18
Mohamed Abd El-Radi, Oliver R Marin-Peña, Hatem Galal Said, Marc Tey-Pons
Chondrolabral complex is a weak point along an histological transition zone. Most cartilage and labral lesions in the femoroacetabular impingement syndrome are located in this area. Different classifications are used to evaluate the severity and predict the prognosis of chondrolabral complex injuries. Acetabular Labrum Articular Disruption (ALAD) and Multicenter Arthroscopy of the Hip Outcomes Research Network (MAHORN) classifications are commonly used with a prognosis and treatment implication. Treatment of chondrolabral lesions detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), should only be considered when clinical symptoms are presented...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267158/arthroscopic-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-in-the-hip-for-the-treatment-of-full-thickness-cartilage-defects-a-case-series-of-29-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Steffen Thier, Christel Weiss, Stefan Fickert
PURPOSE: Current literature indicates that the appropriate treatment of articular cartilage defects has significant influence on the postoperative outcome after hip arthroscopy. In the hip, arthroscopic treatment of cartilage defects is technically challenging, especially the autologous chondrocyte implantation/matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI/MACI) procedures. The purpose of this prospective study was to introduce two injectable MACI products with self-adherent properties...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243586/symptomatic-lumbosacral-transitional-vertebra-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-clinical-outcomes-following-steroid-injection-or-surgical-intervention
#20
Emil Kongsted Holm, Cody Bünger, Casper Bindzus Foldager
Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) refers to the possible association between the congenital malformation lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV), and low back pain (LBP). Several treatments have been proposed including steroid injections, resections of the LSTV, laminectomy, and lumbar spinal fusion. The aim of this review was to compare the clinical outcomes in previous trials and case reports for these treatments in patients with LBP and LSTV. A PubMed search was conducted. We included English studies of patients diagnosed with LSTV treated with steroid injection, laminectomy, spinal fusion or resection of the transitional articulation...
2017: SICOT-J
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