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Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508003/avoidance-of-mishra-phenomenon-prevents-technical-failure-of-hepatic-artery-angioembolization-following-failed-perihepatic-packing-in-traumatic-liver-injury
#1
Biplab Mishra, Mohit Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508002/postoperative-spontaneous-intussusception-caused-by-a-jejunal-peritoneal-cyst-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Mahir Gachabayov
Postoperative intussusception in adults is an extremely rare clinical entity. Postoperative intussusception caused by a jejunal peritoneal cyst is even rarer. Etiopathogenesis of this clinical condition is not well understood. In the given case it seems to be a complication of prolonged contact of a draining tube with bowel. We present a case of postoperative spontaneous intussusception in a 72-year-old female patient after gastric surgery. The cause of intussusception appeared to be a jejunal peritoneal cyst which is extremely rare...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508001/closing-a-tracheal-defect-with-an-omental-pedicled-gastric-flap-a-technical-note
#3
Holger Rupprecht, Marius Ghidau, Katharina Gaab
Due to an adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe with infiltration of the main bronchus a 49-years-old female patient underwent an upper bilobectomy with sleeve resection. After two completed chemotherapy bouts and signs of sepsis another thoracotomy was inevitable.  As a complicating factor a supracarinal, necrotic and perforating lesion of the trachea appeared. The defect can be initially repaired with a suture and covered with azygos vein material. However surgical revision showed an enlargement of the tracheal necrosis...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508000/knowledge-and-attitude-of-iranian-red-crescent-society-volunteers-in-dealing-with-chemical-attacks
#4
Maryam Nadjafi, Siavash Hamzeh Pour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and preparedness of Mahabad Red Crescent Society volunteers in dealing with chemical attacks. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 Red Crescent Society volunteers in Mahabad City, Iran, during 2014-2015.The knowledge of the volunteers was evaluated and rated using a questionnaire as poor, moderate, and good. Also, the attitude of the volunteers towards the chemical attacks and their preparedness were rated as appropriate and inappropriate using a questionnaire...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507999/risk-factors-of-road-traffic-accidents-associated-mortality-in-northern-iran-a-single-center-experience-utilizing-oaxaca-blinder-decomposition
#5
Faranak Sherafati, Enayatollah Homaie-Rad, Abolhassan Afkar, Ramin Gholampoor-Sigaroodi, Soheil Sirusbakht
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period from 2013 to 2014. The hospital data of traffic crashes were used. Data contained those patients who survived at the scene of accident. Injury severity score, time to admission, age, gender, season of crash and type of collision were variables used in this study...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507998/effects-of-pre-injury-anti-platelet-agents-on-short-term-outcome-of-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cohort-study
#6
Davood Farsi, Parviz Karimi, Mani Mofidi, Babak Mahshidfar, Mahdi Rezai, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Saeed Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of pre-injury consumption of anti-platelet agents on the 30-day outcomes of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted at three general hospitals in Tehran, Iran between July 2013 and July 2014. The study population included all patients with mild TBI aged over 18 years that medicated with aspirin or clopidogrel before occurring trauma. Within hospitalization, all patients were assessed with respect to in-hospital conditions especially complications and adverse events...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507997/recognizing-sudden-cardiac-arrest-may-require-more-than-two-questions-during-telephone-triage-developing-a-complementary-checklist
#7
Amir Mirhaghi, Hojjat Shafaee, Javad Malekzadeh, Farzaneh Hasanzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To develop decision-support tools to identify patients experiencing sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). METHODS: Eighty calls related to SCA were content analyzed, and the contextual patterns that emerged were organized into a checklist. Two researchers independently analyzed the recorded calls and compared their findings. Eighteen dispatchers scored 20 cases (which included SCA and non-SCA cases) both with and without the checklist. Correct responses for each case and agreement among dispatchers have been reported...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507996/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-with-predatory-stress-on-functional-and-histological-index-of-injured-sciatic-nerve-in-rat
#8
Maryam Tasbih-Forosh, Leila Zarei, Ehsan Saboory, Mehran Bahrami-Bukani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of combination of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) with predatory stress on transected sciatic nerve regeneration in rats. METHODS: In sham- operated group (SOG) the nerve was manipulated and left intact. The 10-mm rat sciatic nerve gap was created in rats. In transected group (Transected) nerve stumps were sutured to adjacent muscle and in vein graft group (VG) the gap was bridged using an inside-out vein graft. In VG/PEMF group the transected nerve was bridged using vein graft, phosphate buffered saline was administered into the graft and the whole body was exposed to PEMF...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507995/the-necessity-of-data-mining-in-clinical-emergency-medicine-a-narrative-review-of-the-current-literatrue
#9
REVIEW
Elahe Parva, Reza Boostani, Zahra Ghahramani, Shahram Paydar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507994/a-step-by-step-framework-on-discrete-events-simulation-in-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Mahsa Dehghani, Nazila Moftian, Peyman Rezaei-Hachesu, Taha Samad-Soltani
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current literature of simulation in healthcare including the structured steps in the emergency healthcare sector by proposing a framework for simulation in the emergency department. METHODS: For the purpose of collecting the data, PubMed and ACM databases were used between the years 2003 and 2013. The inclusion criteria were to select English-written articles available in full text with the closest objectives from among a total of 54 articles retrieved from the databases...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507993/enhanced-recovery-after-emergency-surgery-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mihai Paduraru, Luca Ponchietti, Isidro Martinez Casas, Peter Svenningsen, Mauro Zago
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current scientific evidence for the applicability, safety and effectiveness of pathways of enhanced recovery after emergency surgery (ERAS). METHODS: We undertook a search using PubMed and Cochrane databases for ERAS protocols in emergency cases. The search generated 65 titles; after eliminating the papers not meeting search criteria, we selected 4 cohort studies and 1 randomized clinical trial (RCT). Data extracted for analysis consisted of: patient age, type of surgery performed, ERAS elements implemented, surgical outcomes in terms of postoperative complications, mortality, length of stay (LOS) and readmission rate...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507992/current-concepts-and-advancements-in-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-glimpse-at-the-recently-published-evidence
#12
EDITORIAL
Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Maryam Dehghankhalili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246627/mishra-s-sign-of-blunt-traumatic-pancreatic-injury-an-intra-operative-telltale-sign-indicating-potential-blunt-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#13
Biplab Mishra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246626/myocutaneous-mucormycosis-in-a-diabetic-burnt-patient-led-to-upper-extremity-amputation-a-case-report
#14
Mehdi Ayaz, Reza Moein
Mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic fungal infection that can implicate cranial sinuses, brain, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and skin. Although it can occur in patients with competent and incompetent immunity such as patients with diabetes mellitus, lymphoma, leukemia and burns, but it has an aggressive, malignant and lethal course in patients with incompetent immunity. To enforce the importance of burn in patients with underlaying diseases such as diabetes, we are going to report a rare case of diabetic burnt patient complicated by right upper extremity myocutaneous mucormycosis...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246625/endovascular-management-of-a-combined-subclavian-and-vertebral-artery-injury-in-an-unstable-polytrauma-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Christian David Weber, Philipp Kobbe, Christian Herren, Andreas H Mahnken, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
While blunt trauma of the head and neck are a common pattern of injury, significant problems related to the prompt diagnosis and optimal management of traumatic artery injuries have been reported in the literature. While patients with major artery injuries might develop hemorrhagic shock very rapidly, patients with blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) can present asymptomatic, but complications like basilar territory infarction, cortical blindness and death may occur. We report the life- and limb-saving management in a 57-year-old hemodynamically unstable trauma patient...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246624/trend-and-seasonal-patterns-of-injuries-and-mortality-due-to-motorcyclists-traffic-accidents-a-hospital-based-study
#16
Marjan Hosseinpour, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Aghdam, Mahdi Mohammadian, Farzad Maleki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trend and seasonal pattern of occurrence and mortality of motorcycle accidents in patients referred to hospitals of Isfahan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out using traffic accidents data of Isfahan province, extracted from Ministry of Health (MOH) database from 2006 to 2010. During the study period, 83648 people injured due to motorcycle traffic accidents were referred to hospitals, all of them entered in the study. Logistic regression model was used to calculate the hospital mortality odds ratio, and Cochrane-Armitage test was used for assessment of linear trend...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246623/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-hand-and-finger-amputations-in-north-western-iran-a-single-center-experience
#17
Nasrin Mehri, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazergani, Abdolrasoul Safaiean
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hand and finger amputations in patients referring to a single center in northern Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 200 traumatic hand amputees hospitalized in Shohada Hospital in Tabriz, Northwestern Iran during a 1-year period in 2014. Data were collected through prospective interviews for variables such as demographic characteristics, accident time; exact anatomical site of amputation; reasons for amputation; amputation mechanism; and having attention deficit symptoms as well as activities causing attention deficit prior to the accident...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246622/functional-results-of-intercondylar-fractures-of-the-humerus-fixed-with-dual-y-plate-a-technical-note
#18
Swagat Mahapatra, Vineet Thomas Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and report the functional results of surgical management of intercondylar fractures of the humerus in adults using a novel dual plating technique. METHODS: A total number of 60 patients with Riseborough and Radin type II, III, and IV intercondylar humerus fractures were operated with open reduction through a Trans-olecranon approach and internal fixation using two plates in inverted-Y configuration. Patients were followed for 3 weeks, 3 and 6 months were evaluated using the Mayo Elbow performance score and Quick-DASH score...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246621/prevalence-of-fracture-in-healthy-iranian-children-aged-9-18-years-and-associated-risk-factors-a-population-based-study
#19
Marjan Jeddi, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Alireza Kharmandar, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marzieh Bakhshayeshkaram
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of fractures and associated risk factors in healthy Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: In this cross sectional population based study, 478 healthy Iranian children and adolescents aged 9-18 years old participated. Baseline data and bone mineral content and density have been determined. One questionnaire was completed for all individuals including previous history of fracture, its location, and level of trauma. Albumin, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, and vitamin D levels were measured...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246620/inferior-vena-cava-repair-using-serosal-patch-of-small-bowel-an-experimental-study
#20
Hossein Hodjati, Ahmad Hoseinzadeh, Seyed Masoud Mousavi, Seifollah Dehghani Nazhavi, Viginda Kumar, Maryam Sehhatpour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and results of using serosal patch of small bowel for repair and replacement of inferior vena cava (IVC) after resection of a part of infra-renal IVC in an animal model, as it may be encountered in extensive tumors of retroperitoneal and trauma patients. METHODS: Five healthy sheep of both sexes were prepared. After general anesthesia and laparotomy, a defect with 1 cm width and 4cm length was made on anterior aspect of infra-renal IVC, and then an adjacent loop of small bowel was brought and sutured continuously to cover the defect of IVC as a patch graft...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
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