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Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177181/transient-diabetes-insipidus-following-thermal-burn-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Suvashis Dash, Shibajyoti Ghosh
Diabetes insipidus is a disease charaterised by increased urine production and thrist. Neurogenic diabetes insipidus following head trauma,autoimmune disease and infection is quite common but diabetes insipidus following thermal burn injury is a rare complication.We should know about this complication as its management need a comprehensive approach for satisfactory outcome. Thermal burn can cause different complications in early post burn period like electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, acute renal failure, but diabetes insipidus is a very rare and unusual complication that may come across in thermal burn...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177180/isolated-traumatic-brachialis-muscle-tear-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Pankaj Sharma, Nishank Mehta, Amit Narayan
Isolated traumatic brachialis muscle tears are uncommonly reported - leading to occasional misdiagnosis and misdirected treatment. The rarity of brachialis muscle tear may promote misdiagnosis or mistreatment of this injury. We report an isolated brachialis muscle tear in a young female, possibly caused by strenuous exercise in the gymnasium. The diagnosis was made clinically and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was subsequently managed adequately with conservative treatment. We herein present a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with an acute brachialis muscle tear being diagnosed with a combination of clinical signs and imaging and successfully managed non-operatively...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177179/endovascular-management-of-a-penetrating-zone-iii-retroperitoneal-gunshot-wound-injury-a-case-report
#3
Saptarshi Biswas, Boris Hristov
Traumatic iliac vessels injuries secondary to gunshot wound can often be fatal at the scene. One of the intriguing complications of vascular injuries is arteriovenous fistula. If the patient survives, these lesions may often not be diagnosed on first evaluation and patients may present with clinical signs and symptoms years later. Open surgical repair can have prohibitive morbidity and mortality and endovascular techniques, an effective treatment alternative, can interrupt the abnormal vascular communication and preserve artery vein patency...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177178/factors-affecting-the-location-of-road-emergency-bases-in-iran-using-analytical-hierarchy-process-ahp
#4
Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Ahmad Hajebrahimi, Khalil Alimohammadzadeh, Ramin Ravangard, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini
Objective: To identify and prioritize factors affecting the location of road emergency bases in Iran using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Methods: This was a mixed method (quantitative-qualitative) study conducted in 2016. The participants in this study included the professionals and experts in the field of pre-hospital and road emergency services issues working in the Health Deputy of Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education, which were selected using purposive sampling method...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177177/does-intradisciplinary-conflict-influence-to-outcomes-of-emergency-medicine-residency-program-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Mohammadreza Maleki, Seyyed Meysam Mousavi, Mina Anjomshoa, Nasrin Shaarbafchizadeh, Zeinab Naimi Taleghani
Objective: To explore impact of emergency medicine residency program on patient waiting times in emergency department (ED) and determine the associated factors. Methods: A two-phased sequential exploratory mixed-methods approach was used. The first phase was comprised of retrospective before-after design of ED encounters for a 3-month period, six months before and six months after the introduction of an emergency medicine residency program in an Iranian teaching hospital...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177176/the-belief-and-attitude-of-the-drivers-toward-the-usage-of-cellphone-while-driving-a-population-based-survey
#6
Batoul Sedaghati Shokri, Seyed Rasoul Davoodi, Majid Azimmohseni, Gholamreza Khoshfar
Objective: To presents a survey investigating differences between drivers' beliefs regarding utilizing cellphone when driving. Methods: In this population-based survey, the participants who were studied in the North of Iran, Gorgan, were categorized as main urban and rural areas. A sample of 400 drivers, 92 women and 308 men, filled out the four sections questionnaire which was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used for measuring the differences between the drivers' opinions (attitudinal beliefs, normative beliefs, and perceived control behavioral beliefs) about utilizing a cell phone when driving along with their age and driving purpose...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177175/domestic-injuries-among-children-under-7-years-of-age-in-iran-the-baseline-results-from-the-iranian-first-registry
#7
Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mina Golestani, Reza Mohammadi
Objective: To investigate epidemiological aspects of injuries among Iranian children under 7 years of age using obtained data from a national registry. Methods: Injury data were derived from a national-based injury supervision system during 2000-2002. This registry involved all of home-related injuries for children less than 7 years of age that treated in health or emergency centers. The study population included 25% of Iranian people. The descriptive statistical methods were used for representing the distribution of the variables like age, sex, injury mechanisms, types of injuries, etc...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177174/epidemiology-and-outcome-determinants-of-pedestrian-injuries-in-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Haleh Ghaem, Maryam Soltani, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Tanaz ValadBeigi, Atousa Fakherpour
Objective: To epidemiologically assess the accidents and incidents in the injured pedestrians referred to Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Shiraz in order to provide basic preventive strategies and reduce injuries and fatalities caused by traffic accidents in pedestrians. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 5840 injured pedestrians referred to Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Shiraz from 2009 to 2014. The baseline characteristic including the demographic and clinical information, the mechanism of injury, injury severity score (ISS) and outcome determinants...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177173/functional-outcome-of-resection-versus-reconstruction-in-mason-ii-iii-radial-head-fractures-a-short-term-prospective-study
#9
Pradeep Kumar Meena, Sahil Gaba, Sandesh Bobade, Rajendra Verma, Amrut Borade, Jayesh Sonaje, Ankit Chouhan
Objective: To compare the short-term functional outcome between resection and reconstruction in Mason Type II and Type III radial head fractures using Broberg and Morrey score. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery of SMS Medical College and attached Hospitals. A total of 29 patients (15 in resection group, 14 in reconstruction group) between the age group of 20-60 years with Mason Type II and Type III fresh closed radial head fractures were included in the study...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177172/outcome-of-long-standing-ulno-humeral-dislocation-managed-by-open-reduction-and-stabilization-with-v-y-plasty-our-experience
#10
Vikram Khanna, Ashish Gupta, Sanjeev Kumar
Objective: To assess the outcome of long standing ulno-humeral dislocation managed by open reduction and stabilization with V-Y plasty. Methods: This cross sectional study included 14 patients with elbow dislocation that was more than 3 months without joint ankylosis, myositis ossificans or nerve injury. The surgical management not only included open reduction of the elbow joint, but also elongation of the triceps aponeurosis, collateral ligament repair along with the stabilization of the elbow joint...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177171/grafting-with-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-versus-conservative-wound-care-in-treatment-of-pressure-ulcers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mehdi Dehghani, Negar Azarpira, Vahid Mohammad Karimi, Hamid Mossayebi, Elaheh Esfandiari
Objective: To compare the healing process of pressure ulcers treated with cryopreserved human amniotic membrane allograft and routine pressure ulcer care in our hospital. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2013, in a prospective randomized clinical trial (IRCT201612041335N2), 24 patients with second and third stage of pressure ulcers were enrolled in this study. All patients needed split-thickness skin grafts for pressure ulcer-wound coverage. Selected patients had symmetric ulcers on both upper and lower extremities...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177170/effects-of-chitosan-zinc-oxide-nanocomposite-conduit-on-transected-sciatic-nerve-an-animal-model-study
#12
Maryam Iman, Mostafa Araghi, Yunes Panahi, Rahim Mohammadi
Objective: To determine the effects of chitosan-zinc oxide nanocomposite conduit on transected sciatic nerve in animal model of rat. Methods: Sixty male White Wistar rats were used in this study. A 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using a chitosan-zinc oxide nanocomposite conduit (CZON) filled with phosphate buffered saline. In chitosan group (CHIT) the chitosan conduit was filled with phosphate buffered saline solution. In sham-operated group (SHAM), sciatic nerve was exposed and manipulated...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177169/local-administration-of-methylprednisolone-laden-hydrogel-enhances-functional-recovery-of-transected-sciatic-nerve-in-rat
#13
Ali Mehrshad, Mohammad Shahraki, Shahin Ehteshamfar
Objective: To determine the effects of methylprednisolone-laden hydrogel loaded into a chitosan conduit on the functional recovery of peripheral nerve using a rat sciatic nerve regeneration model was assessed. Methods: 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using a chitosan conduit (CHIT/CGP-Hydrogel) filled with CGP-hydrogel. In authograft group (AUTO) a segment of sciatic nerve was transected and reimplanted reversely. In methylprednisolone treated group (CHIT/MP) the conduit was filled with methylprednisolone-laden CGP-hydrogel...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177168/le-fort-fractures-a-collective-review
#14
REVIEW
Bradley J Phillips, Lauren M Turco
Le Fort fractures constitute a pattern of complex facial injury that occurs secondary to blunt facial trauma.  The most common mechanisms of injury for these fractures, which are frequently associated with drug and alcohol use, include motor vehicle collisions, assault, and falls. A thorough search of the world's literature following PRISMA guidelines was conducted through PubMed and EBSCO databases. Search terms included "Le Fort fracture", "facial", "craniofacial", and "intracranial."  Articles were selected based on relevance and examined regarding etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and outcomes in adults...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795069/inferior-vena-cava-injuries-sometimes-less-is-more
#15
Eduardo Smith Singares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795068/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-during-recovery-from-hypovolemic-acute-kidney-injury-after-trauma-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Richa Aggarwal, Anudeep Saxena, Kapil Soni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795067/severe-thoracic-trauma-due-to-an-intrathoracic-dislocation-of-a-fractured-humeral-head-in-an-aged-patient-a-case-report
#17
Holger Rupprecht, Marius Ghidau, Katharina Gaab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#18
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795065/psycho-social-and-mental-variables-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traffic-accident-survivors-in-northern-iran
#19
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients. METHODS: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. Psycho-social characteristics associated to PTSD were explored in these survivors in an outpatient clinic. They completed the questionnaires via interview between six weeks to six months after accident...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795064/outcome-determinants-of-decompressive-craniectomy-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-single-center-experience-from-southern-iran
#20
Hosseinali Khalili, Amin Niakan, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Arash Kiani, Reza Behjat
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) undergoing decompressive craniectomy (DC) in a large level I trauma center in southern Iran. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted during an 18-month period from 2013 to 2014 in Shahid Rajaei hospital, a Level I trauma center in Southern Iran. Patients with TBI who had undergone DC were included and the medical charts were reviewed regarding demographics, clinical, radiological and outcome characteristics...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
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