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International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942937/male-obesity-and-semen-quality-any-association
#1
Obose Rufus, Osaikhuwuomwan James, Aziken Michael
Background: Infertility as well as obesity are risng global concern. Whilst there is an established association between female obesity and infertility, a similar link is yet to be proven in men. Objective: To determine the effects of elevated body mass index (BMI) on semen quality among male partners of infertile couples attending an infertility clinic. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 206 men who met the inclusion criteria were recruited for the study...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942936/thymoquinone-ameliorates-some-endocrine-parameters-and-histological-alteration-in-a-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Sima Taghvaee Javanshir, Parichehreh Yaghmaei, Zahra Hajebrahimi
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common form of the endocrine disease which is associated with metabolic dysfunction. PCOS and type 2 diabetes mellitus are related in multiple aspects and are similar in many pathological features. Anti-diabetic effects of Nigella sativa and protective effects of it on reproductive system have been suggested in some reports. Objective: The aim of current study was to evaluate the effects of thymoquinone, the main components of Nigella sativa , on PCOS model of rats...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942935/ovary-stereological-features-and-serum-biochemical-factors-following-induction-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-testosterone-enanthate-in-mice-an-experimental-study
#3
Zahra Kalhori, Malek Soleimani Mehranjani, Mehri Azadbakht, Mohammad Ali Shariaatzadeh
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder featured by insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. Testosterone enanthate can induce PCOS in mice models. Objective: We investigated the ovary stereological features along with the oxidative stress and inflammatory factors in mice following PCOS induction using testosterone enanthate. Materials and Methods: Twelve female NMRI mice (3 wk old) were divided into 2 groups (n=6/each): Control and PCOS...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942934/protective-effect-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticle-on-sperm-quality-and-oxidative-damage-in-malathion-induced-testicular-toxicity-in-rats-an-experimental-study
#4
Heresh Moridi, Seyed Abdolhakim Hosseini, Hossein Shateri, Nejat Kheiripour, Arastoo Kaki, Mahdi Hatami, Akram Ranjbar
Background: Malathion is an organophosphorus pesticide that commonly used in many agricultural and non-agricultural processes. Previous studies have reported the effects of melatonin on the reproductive system. Cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeNPs) due to their antioxidative properties are promising to impact on the development of male infertility. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CeNPs on oxidative stress and sperm parameters after malathion exposure of male rats...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942933/pregnancy-outcome-in-delayed-start-antagonist-versus-microdose-flare-gnrh-agonist-protocol-in-poor-responders-undergoing-ivf-icsi-an-rct
#5
Robab Davar, Nosrat Neghab, Elham Naghshineh
Background: Over the years, many article on different aspects of pathogenesis and management of poor ovarian responders have been published but there is no clear guideline for treating themyet. Objective: This study was designated to compare the effectiveness of a delayed start protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist and microdose flare-up GnRH agonist protocol in poor ovarian responders. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial consisted of 100 poor ovarian responder women in assisted reproductive technologies cycles...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942932/nfkb1-rs28362491-and-pre-mirna-146a-rs2910164-snps-on-e-cadherin-expression-in-case-of-idiopathic-oligospermia-a-case-control-study
#6
Matem Tunçdemir, Güven Yenmiş, Kübra Tombultürk, Hülya Arkan, Tuğba Soydaş, Rasit Burak Tek, Özlem Altıntaş, Hamdi Özkara, Gönül Kanıgür-Sultuybek
Background: A notable proportion of idiopathic male infertility cases is accompanied by oligozoospermia; and yet, the molecular mechanisms of fertilization problem underlying this defect are still unclear. Epithelial cadherin has been involved in several calcium-dependent cell-to-cell adhesion events; however, its participation in gamete interaction has also not been fully investigated. Objective: The aim was to investigate the changes in the expression of E-cadherin, based on the frequency of Single nucleotide polymorphisms in Nuclear Factor Kappa-B 1 and pre-mir-146a in oligospermic men...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942931/testicular-histopathology-and-phosphorylated-protein-changes-in-mice-with-diabetes-induced-by-multiple-low-doses-of-streptozotocin-an-experimental-study
#7
Apichakan Sampannang, Supatcharee Arun, Jaturon Burawat, Wannisa Sukhorum, Sitthichai Iamsaard
Background: The streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic model is widely used to evaluate the adverse effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on spermatogenesis and testicular steroidogenesis. However, the actual mechanism of sub/infertility in DM males needs to be elucidated. Objective: To conduct a detailed examination of the testicular histopathology, sperm acrosome reaction (AR) status, and tyrosine-phosphorylated protein expression in the testis of male mice induced with STZ...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942930/prevalence-causes-and-complications-of-cesarean-delivery-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mohammad Rafiei, Marzieh Saei Ghare, Malihe Akbari, Faezeh Kiani, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Koroush Sayehmiri, Reza Vafaee
Background: Uncontrolled increase of C-section is one of the major problems in Iranian health system, such that C-section is the most common surgical procedure in the entire country's hospitals in Obstetrics and Gynecology sections. A variety of complications also come along with cesarean. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, causes, and complications of cesarean in Iran. Materials and Methods: forty-one articles were considered with respect to certain criteria and were included in a systematic review to perform a meta-analysis study...
April 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766152/undesired-effect-of-excessive-betamethasone-administration-during-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#9
Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Background: Postpartum bilateral femoral neck fracture (BFNF) is a rare condition. We here report a case of BFNF due to excessive corticosteroid consumption, twin pregnancy, immobility, and vitamin D deficiency. Case: This is a report of a 32-yr-old woman with bilateral femoral insufficiency fracture five days after emergency cesarean section due to preterm labor, twin pregnancy, and the history of a previous cesarean section at 33 wk. Antenatal repeated courses of betamethasone injections for fetal lung maturity, daily oral use of prednisolone for the history of miscarriage, immobilization, and vitamin D deficiency were the important contributing factors in her past medical history and lab investigations...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766151/the-effect-of-supernatant-product-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-density-gradient-centrifugation-preparation-methods-on-pregnancy-in-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-an-rct
#10
Hoda Fazaeli, Faezeh Davoodi, Naser Kalhor, Reza Tabatabaii Qomi
Background: One of the most important involved factors in pregnancy occurrence following intrauterine insemination (IUI) is semen sample preparation. Recently, supernatant product of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (SPAS) method has been shown to improve semen parameters. Objective: To compare the effect of preparation methods in order to IUI, SPAS and density gradient centrifugation (DGC). Materials and Methods: This trial was done on 80 couples with male factor infertility who attend jihad daneshgahi infertility treatment center of Qom province, undergoing ovarian stimulation and IUI cycle...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766150/psychometrics-properties-of-the-iranian-version-of-fertility-quality-of-life-tool-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Seyedeh-Fatemeh Hekmatzadeh, Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Nazafarin Hosseini, Helen Allan, Somayeh Jalali, Zahra Abbasian, Akram Barani, Fereshteh Balochi, Saeideh Khademi, Tahereh Mahmoudi, Roghayeh Niknam, Zahra Khashavi, Seyed Abdolvahab Taghavi
Background: Clinical measurement of quality of life (QoL) for assessing reproductive problems should be considered as a standard investigation at the initial and continuing medical consultations with infertile people. Objective: The purpose of this study was comprehensive testing the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of fertility quality of life (FertiQoL). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on300 women referred to infertility clinic...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766149/alteration-in-catsper-1-and-2-genes-expression-sperm-parameters-and-testis-histology-in-varicocelized-rats
#12
Maryam Zohour Soleimani, Farideh Jalali Mashayekhi, Morteza Mousavi Hasanzade, Maryam Baazm
Background: CatSper gene, a member of cation channel sperm family, has an essential role in sperm motility and male fertility. Following varicocele, sperm parameters especially sperm movement decreases. For this reason, we hypothesized that CatSper gene expression might be reduced after varicocele induction in an animal model. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of CatSper 1 and 2 genes, sperm parameters and testis histology following varicocele induction ...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766148/endogenous-luteinizing-hormone-concentration-and-ivf-outcome-during-ovarian-stimulation-in-fixed-versus-flexible-gnrh-antagonist-protocols-an-rct
#13
Raffaella Depalo, Paolo Trerotoli, Annarosa Chincoli, Margherita Patrizia Vacca, Giuseppina Lamanna, Ettore Cicinelli
Background: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is essential for normal follicular development and oocyte maturation. In particular, fluctuations of LH during the follicular phase have a significant impact on morphological and functional changes of the oocyte and determine its meiotic status and ability to be fertilized. Objective: This prospective randomized controlled trial examined effects of endogenous follicular phase LH levels on oocyte maturity and IVF outcomes in fixed vs...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766147/the-non-preventive-effects-of-human-menopausal-gonadotropins-on-ovarian-tissues-in-nandrolone-decanoate-treated-female-rats-a-histochemical-and-ultra-structural-study
#14
Fakhroddin Mesbah, Hossein Bordbar, Tahereh Talaei Khozani, Farzaneh Dehghani, Hossein Mirkhani
Background: The follicular growth and development may be affected by abused drugs. Nandrolone decanoate (ND) as an anabolic androgenic steroid can damage the morphological and functional features of the ovary and may lead to reproductive failure. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of synchronized and non-synchronized administration of Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (hMG) with ND on ovarian tissue and level of sex hormones in the adult female rat...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766146/the-effect-of-resveratrol-on-oxidative-stress-in-the-liver-and-serum-of-a-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-experimental-study
#15
Mahnaz Ghowsi, Homayoun Khazali, Sajjad Sisakhtnezhad
Background: Studies of oxidative status in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients are limited with inconsistent results. The effects of resveratrol as a natural antioxidant on oxidative status in PCOS aren't clear. Objective: This study evaluated effects of resveratrol on oxidative stress in the liver and serum of the PCOS rats. Materials and Methods: Fifteen female Wistar rats (3 wk old) were divided into 3 groups (n=5/each e): Control group, PCO-Control group, and PCO-Resveratrol group...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766145/basic-and-clinical-genetic-studies-on-male-infertility-in-iran-during-2000-2016-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Sahar Moghbelinejad, Hossein Mozdarania, Pegah Ghoraeian, Reihaneh Asadi
The male factor contributes to 50% of infertility. The cause of male infertility is idiopathic and could be congenital or acquired. Among different factors which are involved in idiopathic male infertility, genetic factors are the most prevalent causes of the disease. Considering, the high prevalence of male infertility in Iran and the importance of genetic factors in the accession of it, in this article we reviewed the various studies which have been published during the last 17 yr on the genetic basis of male infertility in Iran...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675497/a-case-report-of-ggeneralized-uterine-arteriovenous-malformation-after-molar-pregnancy-in-an-infertile-woman
#17
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Somayeh Moukhah
Background: Uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare vascular condition in reproductive age presented mostly with bleeding. Although this malformation is infrequent, it is potentially life-threatening. Transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography is a widely available, noninvasive and excellent diagnostic method. Case: The case is a 30-yr-old woman with a history of eight-yr infertility.following intrauterine insemination treatment, she had a molar pregnancy...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675496/macroscopic-features-of-the-kidneys-of-fetuses-and-newborns-in-preeclampsia-postmortem-observational-study
#18
Iryna Sorokina, Tetyana Ospanova, Mykhailo Myroshnychenko, Iryna Korneyko
Background: The state of the mother health is of great importance in the development of children renal pathology. Objective: To reveal macroscopic features of the fetuses and newborns kidneys of the mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia. Materials and Methods: The study involved the kidneys of 106 full-term fetuses and newborns of mothers with physiological pregnancy, complicated pregnancy by preeclampsia. During the autopsies, the shape, texture, surface, color were assessed in each kidney, and then its weight, length, width and thickness were measured...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675495/maternal-history-and-uterine-artery-wave-form-in-the-prediction-of-early-onset-and-late-onset-preeclampsia-a-cohort-study
#19
Nidhi Sharma, Krishnamurthy Jayashree, Kulasekaran Nadhamuni
Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy-induced-hypertension can be prevented by identification of prenatal and antenatal factors. The uterine artery Doppler waveform transforms into a high flow with low resistance at 22-24 wk. Objective: To study the maternal risk factors and uterine artery Doppler waveform in singleton mid-trimester pregnancy and predict the occurrence of pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675494/effect-of-quercetin-on-the-number-of-blastomeres-zona-pellucida-thickness-and-hatching-rate-of-mouse-embryos-exposed-to-actinomycin-d-an-experimental-study
#20
Hamid Reza Sameni, Sara Sadat Javadinia, Manouchehr Safari, Mohammad Hasan Tabrizi Amjad, Nasrin Khanmohammadi, Houman Parsaie, Sam Zarbakhsh
Background: Quercetin is a flavonoid with the ability to improve the growth of embryos in vitro, and actinomycin D is an inducer of apoptosis in embryonic cells. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of quercetin on the number of viable and apoptotic cells, the zona pellucida (ZP) thickness and the hatching rate of preimplantation embryos exposed to actinomycin D in mice. Materials and Methods: Two-cell embryos were randomly divided into four groups (Control, Quercetin, actinomycin D, and Quercetin + actinomycin D group)...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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