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International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766152/undesired-effect-of-excessive-betamethasone-administration-during-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#1
Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Background: Postpartum bilateral femoral neck fracture (BFNF) is a rare condition. We here report a case of BFNF due to excessive corticosteroid consumption, twin pregnancy, immobility, and vitamin D deficiency. Case: This is a report of a 32-yr-old woman with bilateral femoral insufficiency fracture five days after emergency cesarean section due to preterm labor, twin pregnancy, and the history of a previous cesarean section at 33 wk. Antenatal repeated courses of betamethasone injections for fetal lung maturity, daily oral use of prednisolone for the history of miscarriage, immobilization, and vitamin D deficiency were the important contributing factors in her past medical history and lab investigations...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766151/the-effect-of-supernatant-product-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-density-gradient-centrifugation-preparation-methods-on-pregnancy-in-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-an-rct
#2
Hoda Fazaeli, Faezeh Davoodi, Naser Kalhor, Reza Tabatabaii Qomi
Background: One of the most important involved factors in pregnancy occurrence following intrauterine insemination (IUI) is semen sample preparation. Recently, supernatant product of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (SPAS) method has been shown to improve semen parameters. Objective: To compare the effect of preparation methods in order to IUI, SPAS and density gradient centrifugation (DGC). Materials and Methods: This trial was done on 80 couples with male factor infertility who attend jihad daneshgahi infertility treatment center of Qom province, undergoing ovarian stimulation and IUI cycle...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766150/psychometrics-properties-of-the-iranian-version-of-fertility-quality-of-life-tool-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Seyedeh-Fatemeh Hekmatzadeh, Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Nazafarin Hosseini, Helen Allan, Somayeh Jalali, Zahra Abbasian, Akram Barani, Fereshteh Balochi, Saeideh Khademi, Tahereh Mahmoudi, Roghayeh Niknam, Zahra Khashavi, Seyed Abdolvahab Taghavi
Background: Clinical measurement of quality of life (QoL) for assessing reproductive problems should be considered as a standard investigation at the initial and continuing medical consultations with infertile people. Objective: The purpose of this study was comprehensive testing the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of fertility quality of life (FertiQoL). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on300 women referred to infertility clinic...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766149/alteration-in-catsper-1-and-2-genes-expression-sperm-parameters-and-testis-histology-in-varicocelized-rats
#4
Maryam Zohour Soleimani, Farideh Jalali Mashayekhi, Morteza Mousavi Hasanzade, Maryam Baazm
Background: CatSper gene, a member of cation channel sperm family, has an essential role in sperm motility and male fertility. Following varicocele, sperm parameters especially sperm movement decreases. For this reason, we hypothesized that CatSper gene expression might be reduced after varicocele induction in an animal model. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of CatSper 1 and 2 genes, sperm parameters and testis histology following varicocele induction ...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766148/endogenous-luteinizing-hormone-concentration-and-ivf-outcome-during-ovarian-stimulation-in-fixed-versus-flexible-gnrh-antagonist-protocols-an-rct
#5
Raffaella Depalo, Paolo Trerotoli, Annarosa Chincoli, Margherita Patrizia Vacca, Giuseppina Lamanna, Ettore Cicinelli
Background: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is essential for normal follicular development and oocyte maturation. In particular, fluctuations of LH during the follicular phase have a significant impact on morphological and functional changes of the oocyte and determine its meiotic status and ability to be fertilized. Objective: This prospective randomized controlled trial examined effects of endogenous follicular phase LH levels on oocyte maturity and IVF outcomes in fixed vs...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766147/the-non-preventive-effects-of-human-menopausal-gonadotropins-on-ovarian-tissues-in-nandrolone-decanoate-treated-female-rats-a-histochemical-and-ultra-structural-study
#6
Fakhroddin Mesbah, Hossein Bordbar, Tahereh Talaei Khozani, Farzaneh Dehghani, Hossein Mirkhani
Background: The follicular growth and development may be affected by abused drugs. Nandrolone decanoate (ND) as an anabolic androgenic steroid can damage the morphological and functional features of the ovary and may lead to reproductive failure. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of synchronized and non-synchronized administration of Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (hMG) with ND on ovarian tissue and level of sex hormones in the adult female rat...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766146/the-effect-of-resveratrol-on-oxidative-stress-in-the-liver-and-serum-of-a-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-experimental-study
#7
Mahnaz Ghowsi, Homayoun Khazali, Sajjad Sisakhtnezhad
Background: Studies of oxidative status in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients are limited with inconsistent results. The effects of resveratrol as a natural antioxidant on oxidative status in PCOS aren't clear. Objective: This study evaluated effects of resveratrol on oxidative stress in the liver and serum of the PCOS rats. Materials and Methods: Fifteen female Wistar rats (3 wk old) were divided into 3 groups (n=5/each e): Control group, PCO-Control group, and PCO-Resveratrol group...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766145/basic-and-clinical-genetic-studies-on-male-infertility-in-iran-during-2000-2016-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Sahar Moghbelinejad, Hossein Mozdarania, Pegah Ghoraeian, Reihaneh Asadi
The male factor contributes to 50% of infertility. The cause of male infertility is idiopathic and could be congenital or acquired. Among different factors which are involved in idiopathic male infertility, genetic factors are the most prevalent causes of the disease. Considering, the high prevalence of male infertility in Iran and the importance of genetic factors in the accession of it, in this article we reviewed the various studies which have been published during the last 17 yr on the genetic basis of male infertility in Iran...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675497/a-case-report-of-ggeneralized-uterine-arteriovenous-malformation-after-molar-pregnancy-in-an-infertile-woman
#9
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Somayeh Moukhah
Background: Uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare vascular condition in reproductive age presented mostly with bleeding. Although this malformation is infrequent, it is potentially life-threatening. Transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography is a widely available, noninvasive and excellent diagnostic method. Case: The case is a 30-yr-old woman with a history of eight-yr infertility.following intrauterine insemination treatment, she had a molar pregnancy...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675496/macroscopic-features-of-the-kidneys-of-fetuses-and-newborns-in-preeclampsia-postmortem-observational-study
#10
Iryna Sorokina, Tetyana Ospanova, Mykhailo Myroshnychenko, Iryna Korneyko
Background: The state of the mother health is of great importance in the development of children renal pathology. Objective: To reveal macroscopic features of the fetuses and newborns kidneys of the mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia. Materials and Methods: The study involved the kidneys of 106 full-term fetuses and newborns of mothers with physiological pregnancy, complicated pregnancy by preeclampsia. During the autopsies, the shape, texture, surface, color were assessed in each kidney, and then its weight, length, width and thickness were measured...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675495/maternal-history-and-uterine-artery-wave-form-in-the-prediction-of-early-onset-and-late-onset-preeclampsia-a-cohort-study
#11
Nidhi Sharma, Krishnamurthy Jayashree, Kulasekaran Nadhamuni
Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy-induced-hypertension can be prevented by identification of prenatal and antenatal factors. The uterine artery Doppler waveform transforms into a high flow with low resistance at 22-24 wk. Objective: To study the maternal risk factors and uterine artery Doppler waveform in singleton mid-trimester pregnancy and predict the occurrence of pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675494/effect-of-quercetin-on-the-number-of-blastomeres-zona-pellucida-thickness-and-hatching-rate-of-mouse-embryos-exposed-to-actinomycin-d-an-experimental-study
#12
Hamid Reza Sameni, Sara Sadat Javadinia, Manouchehr Safari, Mohammad Hasan Tabrizi Amjad, Nasrin Khanmohammadi, Houman Parsaie, Sam Zarbakhsh
Background: Quercetin is a flavonoid with the ability to improve the growth of embryos in vitro, and actinomycin D is an inducer of apoptosis in embryonic cells. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of quercetin on the number of viable and apoptotic cells, the zona pellucida (ZP) thickness and the hatching rate of preimplantation embryos exposed to actinomycin D in mice. Materials and Methods: Two-cell embryos were randomly divided into four groups (Control, Quercetin, actinomycin D, and Quercetin + actinomycin D group)...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675493/association-between-seminal-plasma-neopterin-and-oxidative-stress-in-male-infertility-a-case-control-study
#13
Tayebeh Ghiasvand, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Gholamreza Shafiee, Alireza Zamani, Jamshid Karimi, Marzieh Ghorbani, Iraj Amiri
Background: Neopterin is a significant and sensitive marker in estimating the activity of cellular immune system. Oxidative stress plays a role in the etiology of male infertility. Increased reactive oxygen species is accompanied with increase in neopterin level. Hence neopterin may be involved in male infertility. Objective: The objective of this case-control study was to determine neopterin level in idiopathic infertile and normospermic men; furthermore, to identify its relationship with oxidative stress markers including total oxidant, malondialdehyde, sperm DNA fragmentation, and total antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675492/endometrial-mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cells-in-mature-and-immature-sheep-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Farnaz Ghobadi, Farhad Rahmanifar, Davood Mehrabani, Amin Tamadon, Mehdi Dianatpour, Shahrokh Zare, Iman Razeghian Jahromi
Background: Endometrial mesenchymal stem stromal cells (EnMSCs) are critical for uterine function, repair, and regeneration. Objective: This study introduced isolation technique of EnMSCs and compared the characteristics of EnMSCs in mature and immature ewes. Materials and Methods: Endometrial tissue samples from the uterus of 10 ewes were collected from the slaughterhouse. Endometrial cells were isolated from tissue using cold incubation and then chopping and treating was performed with collagenase type I...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675491/hypertensive-disorders-of-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies-a-study-from-kosovo
#15
Merita Vuniqi-Krasniqi, Myrvete Paçarada, Qëndresë Daka, Zeqir Dervishi, Astrit Bimbashi, Kushtrim Dakaj
Background: Relationships between in-vitro fertilization (IVF), gestational hypertension, and pregnancy outcomes are demonstrated in a number of studies. However, it is still debated if IVF treatment or specific characteristics of infertile patients are responsible for worse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate maternal characteristics associated with hypertensive disorders (HD) in IVF conceived pregnancies and to assess the obstetrical and neonatal outcomes...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675490/evaluation-of-changes-in-the-expression-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-target-genes-in-mouse-reproductive-tissues-during-estrous-cycle-an-experimental-study
#16
Saeed Zavareh, Zahara Gholizadeh, Taghi Lashkarbolouki
Background: The Wingless-type (Wnt)/β-catenin signaling pathway controls cell homeostasis. Reproductive tissues are dynamic in response to steroidal hormone changes. Steroidal hormones are known to control the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, but their role in reproductive tissues remains unknown. Objective: The present study aims to investigate the expression patterns of Wnt/β-catenin target genes in mouse reproductive tissues during the normal estrous cycle. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 16 adult NMRI mice were grouped as proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus according to vaginal smear and histological evaluation of uterine and ovarian tissues...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707695/serum-heat-shock-protein-70-in-preeclampsia-and-normal-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Nafiseh Saghafi, Leila Pourali, Vahid Ghavami Ghanbarabadi, Fatemeh Mirzamarjani, Masoumeh Mirteimouri
Background: Preeclampsia, a severe complication of human pregnancy is one of the main causes of maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality with unclear pathogenesis. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is one of the factors that can mediate cytoprotective, antiapoptotic, and immune regulatory effects. Objective: This meta-analysis was performed with aim to evaluate HSP70 in preeclampsia and normal pregnancy. Materials and Methods: The original publications reporting the serum HSP70 levels in preeclampsia and normal pregnancies published before November 2015 were identified by searching PubMed Central, Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases by two researchers, separately...
January 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675489/female-genital-tuberculosis-cases-with-distinct-clinical-symptoms-four-case-reports
#18
Gonul Aslan, Mahmut Ulger, Seda Tezcan Ulger, Huseyin Durukan, Faik Gurkan Yazici, Gurol Emekdas
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Genital TB (GTB) is a form of extrapulmonary TB that occurs more frequently in women, in whom it classically presents in association with menstrual irregularity, pregnancy loss and short and long-term sequelae especially infertility in infected women. Patients with GTB are usually young women diagnosed during workup for infertility. GTB is rare in postmenopausal women and responsible for only approximately 1% of postmenopausal bleeding...
January 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675488/trans-dermal-estrogen-oestrogel-for-endometrial-preparation-in-freeze-embryo-transfer-cycle-an-rct
#19
Ensieh Shahrokh Tehraninejad, Roya Kabodmehri, Batol Hosein Rashidi, Mina Jafarabadi, Fateme Keikha, Masomeh Masomi, Fedieh Hagholahi
Background: Estrogen and progesterone are two crucial factors for endometrial preparation in frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Studies assessing different forms of estradiol in FET have published already but literature lacks enough surveys on transdermal estrogen application in reproductive medicine. Objective: To investigate the effects of trans dermal estrogen (Oestrogel) on pregnancy rates in patients that candidate for FET cycle. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 100 women undergoing FET cycles referred to Imam Khomeeini Hospital were enrolled in two groups, randomly...
January 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675487/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-sexual-knowledge-and-attitudes-scale-for-premarital-couples-skas-pc-an-exploratory-mixed-method-study
#20
Zohreh Sadat, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Seyed Ali Azin, Ali Montazeri, Azita Goshtasebi, Azam Bagheri, Elham Barati
Background: Designing a valid and reliable questionnaire that allows a fair evaluation of sexual knowledge and attitudes and develop a proper sexual educational program is necessary. Objective: The present study was designed to develop and psychometric evaluation of the sexual knowledge and attitudes scale for premarital couples. Materials and Methods: An exploratory mixed method study was conducted in two phases; in the first, in order to develop a questionnaire an item pool was generated on sexual knowledge and attitudes through focus group discussions and individual interviews...
January 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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