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International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)

Marzie Farimani, Jalal Poorolajal, Soghra Rabiee, Maryam Bahmanzadeh
Background: Platelets contain a significant amount of growth factors that have positive effects on local tissue repair and endometrial receptivity. Case: Here we present a 45-yr-old woman with primary infertility and two failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles who was candidate to receive donor eggs. Five consecutive frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles with good quality embryos were performed within 2 yr. With the diagnosis of recurrent implantation failure (RIF), the patient was treated for improving endometrial receptivity with intrauterine administration of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), 24 hr before embryo transfer...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Masoome Jabarpour, Parviz Tajik
Background: Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are undifferentiated cells which are highly reproducible and expandable. Several studies have been conducted to reproduce these cells in culture. They used growth factors, hormones and different feeder cells to improve survival and proliferation of SSCs. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) on gene expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in Sertoli cells...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Ahmad Mahran, Ahmed R Abdelraheim, Abdelrahman Eissa, Mohamed Gadelrab
Background: More than 3 decades after the introduction of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and despite the improved success rates of assisted reproductive technologies, the argument for performing laparoscopy as a part of the infertility workup still stands. Objective: To evaluate the role of laparoscopy±hysteroscopy in diagnosis and management of infertility in our setting in view of modern fertility practice. Materials and Methods: This case control study was carried out on 600 infertile women subjected to laparoscopy or combined laparoscopy and hysteroscopy at endoscopy unit in Minia University Hospital, Egypt during the period from January 2012 to December 2014...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Zohreh Zare, Beheshteh Abouhamzeh, Reza Masteri Farahani, Mohammad Salehi, Moslem Mohammadi
Background: Oocyte developmental competence is one of the key factors for determining the success rate of assisted reproductive technique. Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of L-carnitine (LC) supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM), on preimplantation embryo development and expression of genes involved in embryo competence derived from oocytes selected with brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) test. Materials and Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were obtained from NMRI mice ovaries...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Zohreh Ghorashi, Mohammad Najafi, Effat Merghati Khoei
Background: Islamic doctrine and related teachings play a seminal role in constructing the sexual performance of followers, women in particular . Objective: The aim was to explore women's understandings of Islamic Shiite principles related to their sexuality. Materials and Methods: In a qualitative content analysis approach, four individual interviews and seven focus groups conducted in Rafsanjan, a big city in Kerman province in Iran. Content analysis was used to extract meanings and themes...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Amin Khoshakhlagh, Reza Salman Yazdi, Farah Taj Navab-Akbar, Azadeh Ghaheri, Shaghayegh Sadeghinia, Farid Dadkhah
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) with damaging effects on sperm quality parameters can often cause infertility in men. Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) for screening and detecting CT in semen samples of infertile men. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 465 men referring to the clinical laboratory of Royan Institute were chosen for primary screening and detection of the presence of CT...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Marzieh Aghahosseini, Ashraf Aleyasin, Fatemeh Sadat Sarfjoo, Atossa Mahdavi, Mansooreh Yaraghi, Hojattollah Saeedabadi
Background: The effect of elevated progesterone level on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day in in vitro fertilization cycles is controversial. Some suppose that rise in progesterone level seems to have a negative impact on implantation and pregnancy by desynchronizing the endometrium, while others disagree. Objective: To evaluate the superiority of the frozen cycle over fresh cycle on live birth in patients with elevated progesterone level on HCG day. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 72 women undergoing assisted reproductive technology with elevated progesterone level (≥1...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Serkan Carkci, Ebru Onalan Etem, Seda Ozaydin, Ahmet Karakeci, Ahmet Tektemur, Tunc Ozan, Irfan Orhan
Background: Infertility is described as not receiving pregnancy despite unprotected and regular sexual intercourse in a 1 yr period. It is detected by 15% of the couples. Male and female factor in the etiology may be detected in similar rates. Objective: The present study aims to investigate ion channel gene expression in semen samples of infertile male compared with fertile men. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 men who applied to the urology clinic due to infertility were divided into five equal groups: asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, teratozoospermia, and normozoospermia (control)...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Marzieh Aghahosseini, Ashraf Aleyasin, Venus Chegini, Victoria Chegini
Background: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic complication, which can cause high morbidity and mortality. Use of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist instead of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in GnRH antagonist cycles causes luteinizing hormone surge by GnRH stimulation which reduces the risk of OHSS by reducing the total amount of gonadotropin; however, there is no possibility of transferring fresh embryos. Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of hCG along with GnRH agonist administration in the occurrence of OHSS and pregnancy rate in females undergoing in vitro fertilization...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Vajiheh Marsoosi, Reihaneh Pirjani, Mohamad Asghari Jafarabadi, Mina Mashhadian, Saeedeh Ziaee, Ashraf Moini
Background: Preterm labor is a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality and it might be predicted by assessing the cervical change. Objective: To assess the association between absence of cervical gland area (CGA) and spontaneous preterm labor (SPTL). Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was performed on 200 singleton pregnant women with a history of SPTL, second-trimester abortion in the previous pregnancy or lower abdominal pain in current pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Fatemeh Makkizadeh, Farzaneh Sa'adat
Background: Infertility is a disease that results in the abnormal functioning of the male or female reproductive system. Systematic research planning on any subject, including infertility is in need of solid data regarding previous efforts in this field and to identify the gaps in the research. Objective: The aim of this research is to study the thematic structure of articles related to infertility. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study with a scientometric approach, the PubMed database was searched for research publications indexed under "Infertility" over the period 2011-2015...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Fatemeh Joolayi, Tahereh Navidifar, Razieh Mohammad Jaafari, Mansour Amin
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is the main cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections. In women, this infection can lead to tubal infertility. Objective: In this study we investigated C. trachomatis among infertile and fertile women with both polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ELISA methods in Ahvaz, Iran. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the Infertility Clinic of University Jahad, Ahvaz, Iran from January to August 2017...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Delnya Gholami, Hamideh Jafari-Ghahfarokhi, Maryam Nemati-Dehkordi, Hossien Teimori
Background: Genetic factors are candidates for about 30% of male infertility with sperm production-related abnormalities. Y chromosome microdeletions are responsible for around 10% of male infertility. These microdeletions generally occur in azoospermia factor on the Yq. That is often associated with the quantitative reduction of sperm. Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the frequency of Yq microdeletions among idiopathic azoospermic, oligoasthenozoospermic, and oligospermic men in Shohada infertility center, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Homeira Vafaei, Neda Rahimirad, Seyedeh Marjan Hosseini, Maryam Kasraeian, Nasrin Asadi, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Khadijeh Bazrafshan
Background: Preterm labor and birth are associated with several neonatal complications including respiratory distress syndrome and intraventricular hemorrhage. Differentiating true and false labor pain is a dilemma to obstetricians. Objective: To elucidate the role of cervical length measurement in prediction of birth in pregnant women with threatened preterm labor. Materials and Methods: In this double blind randomized clinical trial, 120 women with gestational age <34 wk who presented painful uterine contractions randomly assigned to undergo measurement of cervical length...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Marzieh Ghasemi, Masoumeh Kordi, Negar Asgharipour, Habibollah Esmaeili, Maliheh Amirian
Background: Waiting period of fertility treatment is stressful, therefore it is necessary to use effective coping strategies to cope with waiting period of intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment. Objective: The aim of this study was comparing the effect of the positive reappraisal coping intervention (PRCI) with the problem-solving skills training (PSS) on the coping strategies of IUI waiting period, in infertile women referred to Milad Infertility Center in Mashhad...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Mehdi Ranjbaran, Reza Omani Samani, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Pegah Matourypour, Ashraf Moini
Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder characterized by physical, mental and behavioral changes in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle in the reproductive age women. Objective: The present study aimed to determine the overall prevalence of PMS in Iran by a systematic review and meta-analysis study. Materials and Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched international databases included ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, and also local databases including Iranmedex, Scientific Information Database, and Magiran for articles in English and Persian language published up to September 2016...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Mohammad Hossein Barzegar, Homayoun Khazali, Seyyed Mehdi Kalantar, Arezoo Khoradmehr
Background: Citrullus colocynthis (CCT) is used as the anti-diabetic and antioxidant agent. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive disorder which level of gonadotropins and sexual hormones are imbalanced. Objective: We evaluated the effect of CCT hydro-alcoholic extract on hormonal and folliculogenesis process in estradiol valerate-induced PCOs rats' model. Materials and Methods: 40 female adult Wistar rats divided into five groups (n=8each: Group I (control) only injected by sesame oil as estradiol valerate solvent, group II (Sham) was orally received normal saline after estradiol valerate- induced polycystic ovarian syndrome (4 mg/rat estradiol valerate, intramuscularly), and three experimental groups, that after induction of PCOS within 60 days, received orally 50 mg/kg CCT extract (group III), 50mg/kg metformin (group IV), and CCT extract+ metformin (group V) for 20 days...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Malihezaman Monsefi, Akram Nadi, Zeinab Alinejad
Background: Salvia officinalisL. has been used since ancient times but there are little data about effects of this herb on normal reproductive cells. Objective: To investigate the toxicity effects of Salvia officinalis L. on granulosa cells (GCs) and maturation of oocytes. Materials and Methods: GCs and oocytes were extracted from superovulated ovaries of immature mice. The cells were treated with concentrations of 10, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 μg/ml of Salvia officinalis hydroalcoholic extracts and compared with the control culture...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Farhad Golshan Iranpour, Khatereh Fazelian, Gholam Reza Dashti
Background: Nonoxynol-9 a nonionic surfactant is widely used for its spermicidal effects. Finding new sperm immobilizing agents is necessary because Nonoxynol-9 damages the tissues of female reproductive system. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Thymoquinone (TQ) as a potential spermostatic compound on the motility and viability of human spermatozoa. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the effects of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 µg/ml, 1 and 10 mg/ml of TQ on normozoospermic semen samples were investigated...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Elaheh Mesdaghinia, Behnaz Mohammad-Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Hamid Reza Banafshe
Background: Recurrent spontaneous abortion has high incidence rate. The etiology is unknown in 30-40%. However high uterine artery resistance is accounted as one of the recurrent abortion reasons. Objective: The objective of the current study was to determine the impacts of vitamin E and aspirin on the uterine artery blood flow in women having recurrent abortions due to impaired uterine blood flow. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 99 women having uterine pulsatility index (PI) more than 2...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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