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Plants (Basel, Switzerland)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997356/identification-of-genomic-regions-contributing-to-protein-accumulation-in-wheat-under-well-watered-and-water-deficit-growth-conditions
#1
Ibrahim S Elbasyoni, Sabah M Morsy, Raghuprakash K Ramamurthy, Atef M Nassar
Sustaining wheat production under low-input conditions through development and identifying genotypes with enhanced nutritional quality are two current concerns of wheat breeders. Wheat grain total protein content, to no small extent, determines the economic and nutritive value of wheat. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to identify accessions with high and low grain protein content (GPC) under well-watered and water-deficit growth conditions and to locate genomic regions that contribute to GPC accumulation...
July 11, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996503/two-rye-genes-responsible-for-abnormal-development-of-wheat%C3%A2-rye-hybrids-are-linked-in-the-vicinity-of-an-evolutionary-translocation-on-chromosome-6r
#2
Natalia V Tsvetkova, Natalia D Tikhenko, Bernd Hackauf, Anatoly V Voylokov
The post-zygotic reproductive isolation (RI) in plants is frequently based on the negative interaction of the parental genes involved in plant development. Of special interest is the study of such types of interactions in crop plants, because of the importance of distant hybridization in plant breeding. This study is devoted to map rye genes that are incompatible with wheat, determining the development of the shoot apical meristem in wheat⁻rye hybrids. Linkage analysis of microsatellite loci, as well as genes of embryo lethality ( Eml-R1 ) and hybrid dwarfness ( Hdw-R1 ) was carried out in hybrids of Chinese Spring wheat with recombinant inbred lines as well as interline rye hybrids...
July 10, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986422/effect-of-silicon-fertilization-on-crop-yield-quantity-and-quality-a-literature-review-in-europe
#3
REVIEW
Arkadiusz Artyszak
This paper presents a research review of the effect of silicon fertilization on the yield quantity and quality in the last 15 years. The study focuses on plant species grown in Europe: cereals, soybean, rapeseed, sugar beet, potato, meadows, berries and vegetables, and orchard and ornamental plants. The use of silicon is most common in the production of vegetables in greenhouses. However, the use of this element for the fertilization of agricultural plants is rare. Positive prospects of silicon fertilization are associated with foliar application, which is much cheaper and more convenient to use than soil fertilization...
July 6, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973486/exploring-microtubule-dependent-cellulose-synthase-complex-movement-with-high-precision-particle-tracking
#4
Marcus Woodley, Adam Mulvihill, Miki Fujita, Geoffrey O Wasteneys
Cellulose synthesis at the plasma membrane is a critical process in plant growth and development. The displacement of cellulose synthase complexes (CSCs) by the rigid cellulose polymers they produce is a measure of enzyme activity. Connections between cortical microtubules and CSCs have been identified but it remains unclear how these affect CSC displacement speed. In this study, we applied a high throughput automated particle tracking method using near-total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to measure the speed of CSCs...
July 4, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966291/phosphoregulation-of-the-plant-cellulose-synthase-complex-and-cellulose-synthase-like-proteins
#5
REVIEW
Tori L Speicher, Patrick Ziqiang Li, Ian S Wallace
Cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on the planet, is synthesized at the plasma membrane of plant cells by the cellulose synthase complex (CSC). Cellulose is the primary load-bearing polysaccharide of plant cell walls and enables cell walls to maintain cellular shape and rigidity. The CSC is comprised of functionally distinct cellulose synthase A (CESA) proteins, which are responsible for synthesizing cellulose, and additional accessory proteins. Moreover, CESA-like (CSL) proteins are proposed to synthesize other essential non-cellulosic polysaccharides that comprise plant cell walls...
June 29, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954122/genome-wide-identification-and-expression-analyses-of-the-fibrillin-family-genes-suggest-their-involvement-in-photoprotection-in-cucumber
#6
Inyoung Kim, Sang-Choon Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Kihwan Song, Tae-Jin Yang, Hyun Uk Kim
Fibrillin (FBN) is a plastid lipid-associated protein found in photosynthetic organisms from cyanobacteria to plants. In this study, 10 CsaFBN genes were identified in genomic DNA sequences of cucumber (Chinese long and Gy14) through database searches using the conserved domain of FBN and the 14 FBN genes of Arabidopsis. Phylogenetic analysis of CsaFBN protein sequences showed that there was no counterpart of Arabidopsis and rice FBN5 in the cucumber genome. FBN5 is essential for growth in Arabidopsis and rice; its absence in cucumber may be because of incomplete genome sequences or that another FBN carries out its functions...
June 27, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932150/axial-and-radial-spatial-patterns-of-non-structural-carbohydrates-in-cycas-micronesica-stems
#7
Thomas E Marler
The pachycaulous stem of arborescent cycad species exhibits unique traits and has received limited research. To date, nothing is known about the axial and radial spatial patterns of non-structural resources within cycad stems. Cycas micronesica K.D. Hill stem tissue was collected from apical and basal axial positions of ca. 100-cm tall plants to serve as two axial regions; and from pith, vascular, and cortex tissues to serve as three radial regions. Starch and four free sugars were quantified. These stems contained more starch than any of the individual sugars, and sucrose concentration exceeded that of fructose and glucose, which exceeded that of maltose...
June 22, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932098/determination-of-the-water-potential-threshold-at-which-rice-growth-is-impacted
#8
Caio Luiz Dos Santos, André Froes de Borja Reis, Paulo Mazzafera, José Laércio Favarin
Rice feeds 50% of the world’s population. Flooding is the most common irrigation system used for growing rice, a practice responsible for a large amount of water loss. Climate changes may affect water availability in irrigated agriculture, and it will be necessary to develop more sustainable irrigation practices. The aim of this work was to determine, in controlled conditions, the threshold when water potential begins to decrease plant growth. Two independent greenhouse experiments were conducted during middle summer and fall, in order to validate the results for high and low evapotranspiration conditions...
June 22, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921823/developmental-biology-and-induction-of-phi-thickenings-by-abiotic-stress-in-roots-of-the-brassicaceae
#9
Maketalena Aleamotu'a, Yu-Ting Tai, David W McCurdy, David A Collings
Phi thickenings are specialized bands of secondary wall deposited around radial walls of root cortical cells. These structures have been reported in various species from the Brassicaceae, including Brassica oleracea , where previous reports using hydroponics indicated that they can be induced by exposure to salt. Using roots grown on agar plates, we show that both salt and sucrose can induce the formation of phi thickenings in a diverse range of species within the Brassicaceae. Within the genus Brassica , both B...
June 19, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895800/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-of-acid-lime-citrus-aurantifolia-christm-swingle-cultivars-of-eastern-nepal-using-inter-simple-sequence-repeat-markers
#10
Nabin Narayan Munankarmi, Neesha Rana, Tribikram Bhattarai, Ram Lal Shrestha, Bal Krishna Joshi, Bikash Baral, Sangita Shrestha
Acid lime ( Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle) is an important fruit crop, which has high commercial value and is cultivated in 60 out of the 77 districts representing all geographical landscapes of Nepal. A lack of improved high-yielding varieties, infestation with various diseases, and pests, as well as poor management practices might have contributed to its extremely reduced productivity, which necessitates a reliable understanding of genetic diversity in existing cultivars. Hereby, we aim to characterize the genetic diversity of acid lime cultivars cultivated at three different agro-ecological gradients of eastern Nepal, employing PCR-based inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers...
June 12, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880766/the-effects-of-foliar-sprays-with-different-silicon-compounds
#11
REVIEW
Henk-Maarten Laane
The use of foliar sprays with silicon compounds is relatively new. Initially (in 1990) foliar sprays with silicates were used. In 2003, foliar sprays with (stabilized) silicic acid were introduced, and more recently foliar sprays with silica nanoparticles have also been applied. Foliar sprays with silicates are effective as pesticides, while (stabilized) silicic acid sprays increase growth and yield and decrease biotic and abiotic stresses. The limited data on foliar silica-nano sprays show a tendency to decrease biotic stress and to stimulate a limited increase in growth and yield...
June 7, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882806/biological-activity-of-the-salvia-officinalis-l-lamiaceae-essential-oil-on-varroa-destructor-infested-honeybees
#12
Leila Bendifallah, Rachida Belguendouz, Latifa Hamoudi, Karim Arab
The present work is conducted as part of the development and the valorization of bioactive natural substances from Algerian medicinal and aromatic spontaneous plants, a clean alternative method in biological control. For this purpose, the bio-acaricidal activity of Salvia officinalis (sage)essential oil (EO)was evaluated against the Varroa destructor , a major threat to the honey bee Apis mellifera ssp. intermissa . The aerial parts of S. officinalis L., 1753 were collected from the Chrea mountainous area in Northern Algeria...
June 6, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882805/dna-barcoding-to-confirm-the-morphological-identification-of-the-coral-trees-erythrina-spp-fabaceae-in-the-ancient-gardens-of-naples-campania-italy
#13
Adriana De Luca, Giancarlo Sibilio, Paolo De Luca, Emanuele Del Guacchio
The coral trees (genus Erythrina ) have been fostering great interest among the botanists and gardeners of Naples, since their arrival in Europe in the second half of the 18th century. Numerous species were present in the royal and private botanical gardens of the region, but their number has decreased today. The purpose of this work was to verify which species occur nowadays in the public areas of Naples and associate them with the historical information about their introduction. The identification was carried out also by molecular methods, by means of sequencing nuclear and chloroplast DNA markers...
June 6, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857498/exploring-the-role-of-cell-wall-related-genes-and-polysaccharides-during-plant-development
#14
REVIEW
Matthew R Tucker, Haoyu Lou, Matthew K Aubert, Laura G Wilkinson, Alan Little, Kelly Houston, Sara C Pinto, Neil J Shirley
The majority of organs in plants are not established until after germination, when pluripotent stem cells in the growing apices give rise to daughter cells that proliferate and subsequently differentiate into new tissues and organ primordia. This remarkable capacity is not only restricted to the meristem, since maturing cells in many organs can also rapidly alter their identity depending on the cues they receive. One general feature of plant cell differentiation is a change in cell wall composition at the cell surface...
May 31, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783754/silicon-influences-soil-availability-and-accumulation-of-mineral-nutrients-in-various-plant-species
#15
Maria Greger, Tommy Landberg, Marek Vaculík
Silicon (Si) effects on mineral nutrient status in plants are not well investigated. It is known that Si has a beneficial effect on plants under stressed conditions. The aim was to make a state of the art investigation of the Si influence: (1) on nutrient availability in four different soil types, namely clayish, sandy, alum shale and submerged soil; and (2) on accumulation of various nutrients in maize, lettuce, pea, carrot and wheat growing in hydroponics. Soil was treated with K₂SiO₃ corresponding to 80 and 1000 kg Si ha-1 and the nutrient medium with 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 μM Si...
May 19, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738464/allelopathic-responses-of-rice-seedlings-under-some-different-stresses
#16
Tran Dang Khanh, La Hoang Anh, La Tuan Nghia, Khuat Huu Trung, Pham Bich Hien, Do Minh Trung, Tran Dang Xuan
The objective of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic responses of rice seedlings under submergence stress at different temperatures (10, 25, 32, and 37 °C). The results showed that a wide range of allelopathic responses of rice seedlings depended on varieties and stress conditions, with temperature was being a key factor. It showed that the extracts of rice seedlings induced significant suppression on lettuce and radish seedling germination, but had negligible allelopathic effects on growth of barnyardgrass, whilst the emergence and growth of natural weeds was stimulated...
May 8, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734706/phenotypic-and-physiological-evaluation-of-two-and-six-rows-barley-under-different-environmental-conditions
#17
Mahmoud Naser, Mohamed Badran, Hanaa Abouzied, Heba Ali, Ibrahim Elbasyoni
In recent years, barley has attracted more interest as a food and feed source because of its high soluble dietary fiber and β-glucan content compared with other small grains. Twenty-five barley genotypes (20 imported genotypes and five check cultivars) were grown in three environments for two successive seasons: 2015/2016 and 2016/2017. The first environment was in El-Nubaria, Alexandria, Egypt during 2015/2016, while the second and third environments were in El-Bostan, Elbhera, Egypt during 2015/2016 and 2016/2017...
May 4, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724049/examination-of-s-locus-regulated-differential-expression-in-primula-vulgaris-floral-development
#18
Benjamin Burrows, Andrew McCubbin
Recent findings on the molecular basis of heteromorphic self-incompatibility in Primula have shown that the controlling self-incompatibility ( S )-locus is not allelic, but is instead a small hemizygous region of only a few genes in the thrum genotype. How these genes alter the development of floral morphology and the specificity of self-incompatibility is still not completely clear. In order to start to identify genes regulated by the S -locus and elucidate the large-scale biological processes affected, we used RNA-seq data from floral buds of heteromorphic P...
May 2, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710786/assessment-of-sulfur-deficiency-under-field-conditions-by-single-measurements-of-sulfur-chloride-and-phosphorus-in-mature-leaves
#19
Philippe Etienne, Elise Sorin, Anne Maillard, Karine Gallardo, Mustapha Arkoun, Jérôme Guerrand, Florence Cruz, Jean-Claude Yvin, Alain Ourry
Determination of S status is very important to detect S deficiency and prevent losses of yield and seed quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of using the ([Cl− ]+[NO₃− ]+[PO₄3− ]):[SO₄2− ] ratio as an indicator of S nutrition under field conditions in Brassica napus and whether this could be applied to other species. Different S and nitrogen (N) fertilizations were applied on a S deficient field of oilseed rape to harvest mature leaves and analyze their anion and element contents in order to evaluate a new S nutrition indicator and useful threshold values...
April 28, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677151/treatment-of-anaerobic-digester-effluent-using-acorus-calamus-effects-on-plant-growth-and-tissue-composition
#20
Tararag Pincam, Hans Brix, Arunothai Jampeetong
The responses of Acorus calamus under greenhouse conditions for 56 days when exposed to three dilutions (25%, 50%, and undiluted) of anaerobic digester effluent from a swine farm were determined. Plant growth, morphology, pigments, and minerals in plant tissues as well as water quality were investigated. The plants grew well in all concentrations of anaerobic digester effluent with no statistically significant effects on plant growth and morphology, and without any toxicity symptoms. The NH₄⁺ concentrations in leaves and roots and the NO₃− concentrations in leaves as well as the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium concentrations in the plant tissues increased with increasing effluent concentration...
April 20, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
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