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BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364617/what-is-the-real-impact-of-upper-limb-cast-immobilisation-on-activity-related-energy-expenditure-in-children
#1
Albane B R Maggio, Xavier Eric Martin, Anne Tabard-Fougère, Cécile Delhumeau, Dimitri Ceroni
Background: Upper limb fractures and subsequent cast immobilisation constitute a potential cause of reduction in childhood levels of physical activity (PA), with subsequent decrease of energy consumption. The main objective of this study was thus to quantify the decrease of activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) due to upper limb cast immobilisation. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal matched case-control study that included 35 children and teenagers with a first episode of upper limb fracture and 35 healthy cases...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364588/physical-inactivity-productivity-losses-and-healthcare-costs-2002-and-2016-in-sweden
#2
Kristian Bolin
Objectives: To estimate the costs associated with physical inactivity in Sweden for the year 2016. Methods: The costs associated with insufficient physical activity was calculated employing population attributable fractions (PAFs) and register information on healthcare utilisation, mortality and disability pensions. The PAFs were calculated using information on exercise habits and morbidity-specific relative risks. The healthcare cost components were calculated based on registry data on inpatient-care, outpatient-care and primary care utilisation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364582/concussion-with-primary-impact-to-the-chest-and-the-potential-role-of-neck-tension
#3
Ron Jadischke, David C Viano, Joe McCarthy, Albert I King
Objectives: Most biomechanical research on brain injury focuses on direct blows to the head. There are a few older studies that indicate craniocervical stretch could be a factor in concussion by causing strain in the upper spinal cord and brainstem. The objectives of this study are to assess the biomechanical response and estimate the strain in the upper cervical spine and brainstem from primary impact to the chest in American football. Methods: Impact testing was conducted to the chest of a stationary unhelmeted and helmeted anthropomorphic test device (ATD) as well as the laboratory reconstruction of two NFL game collisions resulting in concussion...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364577/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-the-management-of-rotator-cuff-related-shoulder-pain
#4
Fiona M Sandford, Thomas A Sanders, Hannah Wilson, Jeremy S Lewis
Study design: Multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial. Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as part of the management for people diagnosed with rotator cuff related shoulder pain (RCRSP). Summary of background: Although there is no robust evidence to support their use, omega-3 PUFAs have been recommended for those with tendinopathy due to their potential to moderate inflammation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364557/sleep-deprivation-and-obesity-in-adults-a-brief-narrative-review
#5
Christopher B Cooper, Eric V Neufeld, Brett A Dolezal, Jennifer L Martin
Background/aims: Obesity and sleep deprivation are two epidemics that pervade developed nations. Their rates have been steadily rising worldwide, especially in the USA. This short communication will explore the link between the two conditions and outline the proposed mechanisms behind their relationship. Methods: Studies on the topic of sleep and obesity were reviewed, and findings were used to develop a theoretical model for the biological link between short sleep duration and obesity...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364553/estimation-of-quadriceps-femoris-muscle-dysfunction-in-the-early-period-after-surgery-of-the-knee-joint-using-shear-wave-elastography
#6
Makoto Kawai, Keigo Taniguchi, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Masaki Katayose
Objectives: Orthopaedic surgery of the knee joint results in functional deterioration of the quadriceps femoris muscle. However, little is known about quadriceps femoris muscle dysfunction in the early postsurgical period. Therefore, we examined the stiffness of the quadriceps femoris muscle in the early postsurgical period. Methods: Seven patients and seven healthy controls performed quadriceps contraction exercises. In resting and contraction conditions, the shear modulus, muscle thickness and pennation angle were measured for the vastus medialis (VM), vastus lateralis (VL) and the rectus femoris (RF) using ultrasound elastography...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364549/low-energy-availability-assessed-by-a-sport-specific-questionnaire-and-clinical-interview-indicative-of-bone-health-endocrine-profile-and-cycling-performance-in-competitive-male-cyclists
#7
Nicola Keay, Gavin Francis, Karen Hind
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a sport-specific energy availability (EA) questionnaire, combined with clinical interview, for identifying male athletes at risk of developing bone health, endocrine and performance consequences of relative energy deficiency in sports (RED-S). Methods: Fifty competitive male road cyclists, recruited through links of participants in a pilot study, were assessed by a newly developed sport-specific questionnaire and clinical interview (SEAQ-I) and received dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition scans and blood tests for endocrine markers...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364547/determination-of-cervical-stenosis-in-rugby-players-using-an-alternative-radiographic-method
#8
Gustavo C Bornholdt, Bruno Siqueira Campos Lopes, Pedro Francisco Senne Paz, Arnaldo José Hernandez, André Pedrinelli
Purpose: To find a radiographic method that best correlates with the mean subaxial cervical space available for the cord (MSCSAC) by using a fixed size parameter as radiographic reference, in contrast to the use of vertebral bodies as reference in the mean subaxial cervical Torg ratio (MTorg). Methods: The study was approved by an institutional review board and written informed consent was obtained. Radiographs and cervical neck MRI were obtained from 18 male rugby athletes (age 18-30 years)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364528/should-clinicians-integrate-the-findings-of-the-lancet-s-2018-placebo-controlled-subacromial-decompression-trial-into-clinical-practice
#9
Alexandre Lädermann, Lionel Neyton, Mo Saffarini, Philippe Collin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364519/assessing-the-risk-for-major-injuries-in-equestrian-sports
#10
Lara Krüger, Maike Hohberg, Wolfgang Lehmann, Klaus Dresing
Background/aim: Horse riding is a popular sport, which bears the risk of serious injuries. This study aims to assess whether individual factors influence the risk to sustain major injuries. Methods: Retrospective data were collected from all equine-related accidents at a German Level I Trauma Centre between 2004 and 2014. Logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for major injures. Results: 770 patients were included (87.9% females)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364499/sibling-influence-on-children-s-objectively-measured-physical-activity-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#11
Chelsea L Kracht, Susan B Sisson
Abstract: Children without siblings (only children) have higher rates of obesity than children with siblings. Childhood obesity may be prevented by minimising sedentary behaviour and accumulating sufficient physical activity in young children. A growing number of articles have examined the influence of siblings on physical activity and sedentary behaviour, yet these articles have not been synthesised. Objective: To synthesise literature and describe the influence of siblings on objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour of children (ages 2-18 years)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364484/continuous-versus-intermittent-moderate-energy-restriction-for-increased-fat-mass-loss-and-fat-free-mass-retention-in-adult-athletes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-icecap-trial-intermittent-versus-continuous-energy-restriction-compared-in-an
#12
Jackson J Peos, Eric R Helms, Paul A Fournier, Amanda Sainsbury
Introduction: Reducing fat mass (FM) while retaining fat free mass (FFM) is a common goal of athletes. Evidence suggests that some-but not all-forms of intermittent energy restriction (IER) may be superior to the conventional method of continuous energy restriction (CER) for people with excess body fat that are sedentary, by reducing some of the adaptive responses to ER. However, it is yet to be established whether this dietary approach is effective for athletes. Methods and analysis: A single-blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio is proposed...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364472/bridging-the-gap-between-clinicians-and-fitness-professionals-a-challenge-to-implementing-exercise-as-medicine
#13
Rachele Pojednic, Amy Bantham, Fred Arnstein, Mary A Kennedy, Edward Phillips
Objective: Health clubs (HC) and personal trainers (PT) are traditional outlets for the promotion of physical activity (PA) and exercise programming. As physicians are increasingly being called on to write exercise prescriptions for their patients, this study sought to investigate the level of integration between the healthcare and fitness systems. Design: An internet study was designed with five domains to understand physicians': (1) overall perception of HC, (2) appropriateness and recommendation of HC and PT to their patients, (3) attitude regarding specific aspects of HC, (4) support of patient participation in HC sponsored exercise and (5) elements of HC that physicians would like to know for referral...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364470/return-to-elite-level-sport-after-clavicle-fractures
#14
Jonah Hebert-Davies, Julie Agel
Objective: To determine if return to sport following clavicle fracture occurs earlier in high-level sports than the current standard of care allows for. Design: Observational study retrospective review of NHL prospective data. Setting: The study was performed at a university orthopaedic surgery department. Patients: NHL player with clavicle fracture. Assessment of independent variables: The independent variable including time on injured reserve and type of treatment...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364464/prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-recreational-field-hockey-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#15
Vincent Gouttebarge, Victor Zuidema
Objective: This article describes the systematic development of an intervention for the prevention of lower extremity injuries in field hockey and the assessment of its feasibility. Methods: The intervention was developed according to the first four steps of the intervention mapping and knowledge transfer scheme processes, mostly based on focus group interviews with experts in field hockey and injury prevention (needs assessment; objective and target groups; content selection; development)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364458/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-a-prospective-study-in-physical-education-teacher-education-students
#16
Sander Bliekendaal, Maarten Moen, Young Fokker, Janine H Stubbe, Jos Twisk, Evert Verhagen
Objective: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common lower extremity overuse injury often causing long-term reduction of sports participation. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of MTSS in first-year Dutch Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students. Methods: This prospective study consisted of physical measures at baseline (height, weight, fat percentage, 3000 m run test, navicular drop test, hip internal and external range of motion, hip adduction and adduction strength, single leg squat and shin palpation), an intake questionnaire at baseline (age, sport participation, presence of MTSS, MTSS history, insole use and use of supportive shoes) and an MTSS registration procedure during the academic year of 2016-2017 (10  months) using a validated questionnaire...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364456/exercise-rehabilitation-programmes-for-pulmonary-hypertension-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-components-and-reporting-quality
#17
Gordon McGregor, Richard Powell, Susanne Finnegan, Simon Nichols, Martin Underwood
Objectives: To identify the components, and assess the reporting quality, of exercise training interventions for people living with pulmonary hypertension. Design: Systematic review with analysis of intervention reporting quality using the Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template (CERT). Data sources: Eligible studies in the Cochrane Systematic Review of exercise-based rehabilitation for pulmonary hypertension, updated with a new search of relevant databases from 1 August 2016 to 15 January 2018...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364440/hypermobility-and-sports-injury
#18
Joseph Alexander Nathan, Kevin Davies, Ian Swaine
Objective: To determine whether there is an association between hypermobility and sports injury. Methods: A quantitative observational approach using a cross-sectional survey was adopted. Individuals were identified as hypermobile or not. All participants were asked to complete two questionnaires: one asking demographic information and the other injury-specific. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis. Results: 114 individuals participated in the study, 62 women and 52 men...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364432/push-scooter-related-injuries-in-adults-an-underestimated-threat-two-decades-analysed-by-an-emergency-department-in-the-capital-of-switzerland
#19
Rhea Viola Mebert, Jolanta Klukowska-Roetzler, Stephan Ziegenhorn, Aristomenis Konstantinos Exadaktylos
Background: The number of people conducting cycling and skating sports in Switzerland is rising; likewise, we notice an increase in patients visiting our emergency department for adults due to push scooter accidents. In 2001, our emergency department published the first article worldwide on push scooter-related injuries. Nearly two decades later, we want to review the interim period-collect data, compare it with other studies and evaluate the current impact of push scooter accidents in our adult patient population...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305929/chinese-translation-and-validation-of-the-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-3-scat3
#20
Ella W Yeung, Yan-Wing Sin, Sweetie R Lui, Toni W T Tsang, Ka-Wing Ng, Pui-Ka Ma, Simon S Yeung, Peter Y Woo, Tracy M Ma
Objective: The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and validate the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3rd edition (SCAT3), a test for assessing athletes for concussion, into the Chinese context. Methods: Translation and adaptation were performed in several stages, which included forward translation by two independent teams, translation merging, backward translation, reviews by both native Cantonese-speaking and Mandarin-speaking multidisciplinary expert panels (n=49) for semantic and conceptual equivalence and reviews by pitch-side physiotherapists (n=18) as end-users of the SCAT3 and rugby players (n=11) for face validity...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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