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Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences

Jolanta Wolska, Katarzyna Janda, Sylwia Szkyrpan, Izabela Gutowska
INTRODUCTION: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioicd L.) is one of the most valuable plants used in phytotherapy. The herbal raw material is a herb (Urticae herba), leaves (Urticae folium), roots (Urticae radix) and seeds (Urticae semina). This plant is a good source of vitamins, minerals, fibre, protein and biologically active compounds with antioxidant properties. The literature provides limited information about the chemical composition and properties of the seed heads. No papers are available on the effect of extracts of this plant on catalase activity in human cells...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Agnieszka Polak, Robert Rejdak, Damian Czepita, Marek Rekas, Andrzej Wróbel
Changes in the economy in Poland in the years 1864-1914 generated changes in the structure of society. A new social stratum, the intelligentsia, was formed from the educated children of rich landowners. To meet social needs Polish universities in Cracow and Lviv opened new departments of medicine. The article presents fragments of the biographies of 4 Poles: Kazimierz Noiszewski, Józef Piłsudski, Bolesław Wieniawa-Długoszowski and Stanislaw Sławoj Składkowski to illustrate how their study of medicine affected their further activity as patriots and politicians...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Katarzyna Janda, Jolanta Wolska, Kamila Debia
INTRODUCTION: The aim of study was to estimate the qualitative and quantitative composition of moulds colonizing sunflower seeds on RBCA, YpSs, DG18 media at 25, 37, and 45°C. MATERIAL: Twenty samples of sunflower seeds (not roasted and not salted) were used for the analysis. The highest number of moulds were xerophilic species isolated on DG18 at 25°C (33), followed by mesophilic species (29) on RBCA medium at 25°C, and mesophilic (22) and thermophilic species (10) on YpSs medium at 37, and 45°C, respectively...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Radosław Plentara, Anna Knyszyńska, Marta Bazydło, Paulina Zabielska, Andrzej Kim, Artur Kotwas, Iwona Rotter, Jolanta Kamola, Beata Karakiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Primary health care centers are subject to supply and demand, while being the foundation of the health care system in the country. The aim of the study determination of satisfaction level of the patients with basic health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 124 persons we studied using a standardized questionnaire EUROPEP, developed by The European Working Party on Quality in Family Practice. RESULTS: Experiences 68% of respondents indicate the kindness and helpfulness of nurses POS, and more than half of the respondents (52%) said the same in the case of receptionists...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Elzbieta Dembowska, Urszula Jakubowska-Kocór, Renata Samulak-Zielińska, Katarzyna Sosińska, Janina Czuryszkiewicz-Cyranal, Mariusz Suwała
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to identify the periodontal status of Szczecin citizens using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and to compare the results with those from selected European and world countries using the World Health Organization (WHO) database. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 250 patients was randomly selected using two-stage stratified sampling among people living in Szczecin aged 35-44 years. Participants were examined using the WHO CPI score at the Department of Periodontology, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Mirona Palczewska-Komsa
INTRODUCTION: Since the beginning of the XXth there has been a constant increase in fluoride (F-) emissions into the environment, mainly due to the development of industry, the fluoridation of drinking water, and the widespread use of toothpaste containing fluoride. All these factors have resulted in an intensive accumulation of F- in the bodies of vertebrates, mainly in their bones. It is therefore reasonable to estimate the F- concentration in humans and other long-lived mammals. Accordingly, ecotoxicologists worldwide have looked for mammalian species that may serve as good bioindicators of environmental fluoride pollution...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Monika Paluchowska
INTRODUCTION: The article concerns figure skating competitors. Figure skating is a very demanding discipline. It requires a combination of endurance, strength and flexibility. The training ground is ice, which puts strain on the muscles and skeleton. Young children often train more than is healthy for a young and growing body. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of training on the height and weight of female skaters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 181 measurements were taken from three skating clubs, and a survey was conducted among skaters' parents about skaters' siblings...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Magdalena Chwiłkowska, Jolanta Wolska
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease associated with dysfunction of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles. The disorder affects approximately 80% of the Polish youth population and has become an important clinical issue. The aim of this study was to examine the state of knowledge about acne among youth in Szczecin, and to attempt to identify the main causes of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among 100 young people in Szczecin aged 12 to 25 years...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Paweł Berczyński, Anna Gmerek, Jadwiga Buczkowska-Radlińska
The most important issue in modern cariology is the early diagnostics of carious lesions, because only early detected lesions can be treated with as little intervention as possible. This is extremely difficult on approximal surfaces because of their anatomy, late onset of pain, and very few clinical symptoms. Modern diagnostic methods make dentists' everyday work easier, often detecting lesions unseen during visual examination. This work presents a review of the literature on the subject of modern diagnostic methods that can be used to detect approximal caries...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Magdalena Gebska, Alina Wojciechowska, Katarzyna Weber-Nowakowska, Anna Mikołajczyk, Ewelina Zyzniewska-Banaszak
During early childhood the masticatory system is susceptible to negative exo- and endogenous factors. Untreated functional and morphological disorders provoke serious consequences in adolescence. Myokinesiotherapy is a concept of exercise involving facial muscles and the masticatory system, with the main objective of preventing and treating malocclusions.
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Aleksandra Szylińska, Anna Mikońajczyk, Mateusz Pytńak, Hanna Mosiejczuk, Mariusz Listewnik, Magdalena Ptak, Iwona Rotter
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are classified as diseases of civilization, and constitute a major social problem because they are the main cause of death. For this reason, according to the WHO, more than 17.3 million people die every year in developed countries. In the European Union the number of deaths is over 2 million, and represents 42% of total mortality. The aim of the study was analysis of selected risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients scheduled for surgical revascularization, and an outline of their social profile...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Anna Bartnicka, Patrycja Szachta, Mirosława Gałecka
The intestinal microbiota, either directly or indirectly, plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of the body. The intestine microorganisms are significant due to the role they play in stimulating the development of the immune system, protecting against pathogens, and also managing metabolic and nutrient processing. The effectiveness of probiotics and prebiotics in various gastrointestinal diseases has been repeatedly confirmed. However, increasing interest in faecal transplantation has also been observed...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Lidia Puchalska-Niedbał, Urszula Kulik, Klaudyna Kojder, Wojciech Lubiński, Beata Rzewuska, Ireneusz Kojder
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of the patient suffering from the tumor of cranio-spinal junction in whom a wide spectrum of ophthalmic and neuroophtalmic signs was noted. METHODS: The comprehensive neuro-ophthalmic examination were performed (pupillary reactions, visual activity, fundus ophthalmoloscopy, intraocular pressures, eye movements, visual field, MRI, MR angiography). Additionally immunohistochemistry and laboratory tests were made. RESULTS: The case of 24 years male with peripapillary subretinal hemorrhage, that occurred after a surgical excision of a tumor at cranio-cervical junction...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Marcin Kolwitz, Iwona Radlińska
The aim of this study was to show the evolution of the paradigm of disability associated with the scientific discourse, but also social and cultural changes. The problem of people with dis abilities has existed since the beginnings of civilization, and with its development the concept of disability has also evolved. The individual problems of a patient have, over time, been treated as a medical problem associated with the disease, including its effects on physical and mental health. After World War II there were significant changes in the perception of disability and disabled people, which was associated with the rise of medical sociology and the emergence of new descriptions of diseases...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Elzbieta Andrysiak-Mamos, Agnieszka Kaźmierczyk-Puchalska, Ewa Zochowska, Elzbieta Sowińska-Przepiera, Leszek Sagan, Ireneusz Kojder, Anhelli Syrenicz
INTRODUCTION: Pituitary gland adenomas producing prolactin are one of the commonest hormonally active tumours. Pharmacological treatment using of dopamine receptors agonists is the therapy of choice in a case of prolactinoma. Bromocriptine, which causes numerous side-effects is the most commonly used drug. Recently, good results of therapy have been achieved with cabergoline - a selective dopamine receptor agonist with prolonged time of action. The aim of the study was to evaluate therapy with cabergoline of men with macroprolactinoma based on clinical, hormonal and radiological examinations...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Jadwiga Kuciel-Lewandowska, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
INTRODUCTION: Degenerative joints and disc disease is accompanied by chronic pain which is the main symptom of the disease. Medical spa therapy has the task of providing comprehensive treatment embracing diseases of limbs as well as other systems and the essential role of medical treatment, in particular spa therapy, is pain relief. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the spa treatment on the level of pain perception in patients with degenerative joints and disc disease...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Dorota Pilch
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth is an important event, both in a woman's, and in her family's lives, an event which carries a huge emotional charge and influences the functioning of a triad. Labour is a physiological process which may have health (somatic, psychological, mental) and economic consequences. Irrespective of the reasons why it is performed; caesarean section involves surgical, obstetric and anaesthesiological intervention, as well as the necessity for pharmacological agents. Bonding between parents and their children serves as a basis for optimal psychomotor development, and the first year is important for the rest of life...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Joanna Czarnota-Chlewicka
INTRODUCTION: Transplantation is the best way of treatment in end-stage renal disease. Kidney transplantation is the most common among all transplantations of vascularised organs. The development of transplantational immunology, as well as the improvement of schemes of immunosuppressive treatment decrease the number of episodes of acute rejection. They also allow perennial functioning of the transplanted organ. However, the necessity to dampen the immune system, through the delivery of immunosuppressive drugs (to prevent rejection), contributes to a deterioration in the ability of the body to fight infections...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Zaneta Ciosek, Adam Drozd, Anna Lubkowska
INTRODUCTION: World Championship in swimming are the most prestigious competition, where many countries around the world takes part in it. To prepare for the highest level for this type of event, swimmers need to train in adequate training base. Currently, the best center in Poland is at the Floating Arena swimming pool in Szczecin. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact training during start preparation period, on body mass composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this study it was examined 14 swimmers, members of the Polish Junior National Team, who were during a training camp in Szczecin, for one month before main competition...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Marta Bazydłam, Beata Karakiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the availability of care for people with mental illness in Western Pomerania, Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as a diagnostic survey. It was conducted among representatives of health care facilities providing mental health care services under a contract with the National Health Fund. RESULTS: Respondents were asked to assess the availability of services at their institution...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
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