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Zhonghua Minguo Xin Zang Xue Hui za Zhi [Acta Cardiologica Sinica]

Durgaprasad Rajasekhar, Velam Vanajakshamma, Kummaraganti Paramathma Ranganayakulu
Iatrogenic aortocardiac fistulae have been described rarely following intracardiac repair. This 28 year-old-male presented to our facility with dyspnea going on 20 days after closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) and resection of subaortic membrane. A communication was noticed between the aorta and the right ventricle (RV) upon transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac catheterisation revealed a significant shunt and an aortogram revealed a 6 mm communication between aorta and right ventricle. Percutaneous closure of this defect was attempted under local anaesthesia through right femoral access...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Chih-Hung Lai, Shih-Hsien Sung, Wen-Lieng Lee, Yu-Hsiang Juan, Szu-Ling Chang, Tse-Min Lu
An operator can be unaware that the guide wire has accidentally advanced into space outside the previous stent, which can result in deformation of the previous stent when a new stent is deployed outside the prior stent. We herein have reported a case of accidental guide wire advancement into a previously dissected lumen of right coronary artery (RCA), resulting in a new stent deploying outside the prior stent, resulting in deformity of the prior stent. Thrombus and friable atheromatous plaques dislodged and migrated to occlude distal RCA when attempting to restore the proximal luminal diameter by balloon inflation, resulting in profound shock with asystole...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Ruey-Hsing Chou, Chih-Hung Lai, Tse-Min Lu
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can provide valuable information during the intervention of difficult chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion. Stumpless CTO lesions with an adjacent side branch are associated with a significantly lower success rate because the proper entry point is not always clearly identified and the guidewires easily slip into the side branch. Herein we presented a case of a stumpless middle left circumflex (LCX) artery CTO lesion with auto-collateral from obtuse marginal branch. Initially, we positioned the IVUS into the side-branch to find the entry point of LCX-CTO lesion...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Bo-Hau Chen, Chu-Chuan Lin, Ken-Pen Weng, Huang-Wei Wu, Jen-Hung Chien, Shih-Ming Huang
We report on a healthy 11-year-old girl who presented to our facility with sudden onset of fainting in a strenuous running course. Transthoracic echocardiography at short-axis view showed a diastolic flow into the main pulmonary artery (PA). The diagnosis of left anterior descending artery (LAD) to PA fistula was documented by cardiac computed tomography and catheterization. Interventional therapy of LAD to the main PA fistula was not performed because of no evidence of myocardial ischemia or significant hemodynamic change...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Hung-Ta Wo, Jih-Kai Yeh, Po-Cheng Chang, Ming-Shien Wen, Chun-Chieh Wang, Chung-Chuan Chou, San-Jou Yeh
BACKGROUND: Ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) with epicardial or intramural origins is technically challenging. Herein, we have described the successful ablation of left VAs via the coronary venous system (CVS) in conjunction with endocardial map guided by three-dimensional electroanatomical map in six patients. METHODS: Out of a total consecutive 84 patients with symptomatic idiopathic VAs, radiofrequency ablation via the CVS was performed on six patients (7%)...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Erkan Köklü, İsa Öner Yüksel, Şakir Arslan, Nermin Bayar, Fatma Köklü, Serkan Çay, Göksel Çağırcı, Selçuk Küçükseymen, Görkem Kuş
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the short and long-term effects of carotid artery stenting (CAS) procedure on blood pressure (BP) through ambulatory BP monitoring. METHODS: One hundred fifty three patients who underwent CAS for primary or secondary protection from December 2010 to September 2013 were enrolled to our study. The BP levels of total of 123 patients were monitored for 1 year. Thereafter, the pre-procedure levels of BP were compared with BP levels at the 24-hour and the first year intervals after the procedure...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mehmet Küçük, Rahmi Özdemir, Mustafa Karaçelik, Önder Doksöz, Cem Karadeniz, Yılmaz Yozgat, Timur Meşe, Nejat Sarıosmanoğlu
BACKGROUND: The Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure can provide increased flow of blood to the lungs for babies born with certain congenital heart defects. We evaluated 44 subjects under 2 years of age who had a Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) procedure performed from 2009-2013, to investigate risk factors for thrombosis, overshunting and death. METHODS: The study subjects included in our investigation were severely cyanotic newborns with pulmonary stenosis or atresia and duct dependent circulation, and infants having Tetralogy of Fallot with small pulmonary arteries who underwent a MBTS procedure in our facility from 2009-2013...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Pang-Yen Liu, Wen-Yu Lin, Li-Fan Lin, Chin-Sheng Lin, Wei-Shiang Lin, Shu-Meng Cheng, Shih-Ping Yang, Jun-Ting Liou
BACKGROUND: Thallium-201 myocardial perfusion image (MPI) is commonly used to detect coronary artery disease in patients with chest pain. Although a normal thallium-201 MPI result is generally considered to be a good prognosis and further coronary angiogram is not recommended, there are still a few patients who suffer from unexpected acute coronary events. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical prognosis in patients with normal thallium-201 MPI. METHODS: From January 2006 to August 2012, a total 22,003 patients undergoing thallium-201 MPI in one tertiary center were screened...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Muzaffer Cakmak, Bora Demircelik, Mustafa Cetin, Zehra Cetin, Serhat Isık, Hulya Cıcekcıoglu, Feridun Vasfi Ulusoy, Beyhan Eryonucu
BACKGROUND: Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) resistance in patients with coronary artery disease is an important medical problem that can affect treatment decision-making and outcomes. Cilostazol has been investigated to determine its effectiveness in patients with acetylsalicylic acid resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplatelet efficacy of sequential administration of CLZ in patients with ASA resistance. METHODS: A total of 180 patients were enrolled in our study...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mehmet Baran Karataş, Göktürk İpek, Tolga Onuk, Barış Güngör, Gündüz Durmuş, Yiğit Çanga, Yasin Çakıllı, Osman Bolca
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism is a serious medical condition that has a substantial global impact. Inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology and prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism (APE). The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of admission parameters for complete blood count (CBC) in APE. METHODS: A total of 203 patients who were hospitalized with diagnosed APE were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Clinical data, PESI scores, admission CBC parameters, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were all recorded...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mustafa Çetin, Emrullah Kiziltunc, Özgül Uçar Elalmış, Zehra Güven Çetin, Muhammed Bora Demirçelik, Hülya Çiçekçioğlu, Alparslan Kurtul, Selçuk Özkan, Candan Mansuroğlu Avan, Ender Örnek, Feridun Vasfi Ulusoy
BACKGROUND: Increased microvascular resistance due to chronic inflammation is assumed to be one of the mechanisms associated with coronary slow flow (CSF). Previous studies have shown that the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are markers of inflammation for various diseases. In this study we aimed to evaluate the relationship between CSF and PLR-NLR. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with CSF and 50 patients with normal coronary flow were enrolled into this study...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mu-Yang Hsieh, Lin Lin, Tsung-Yan Chen, Ren-Huei Wang, Su-Chin Huang, HsiuChiao Liu, Chao-Lun Lai, Shih-Yen Pu, Kuei-Chin Tsai, Chih-Cheng Wu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension is unusually high in Taiwanese patients with end-stage renal disease. Thrombosis of hemodialysis grafts is common and pulmonary embolism has been reported after endovascular thrombectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pulmonary hypertension and endovascular thrombectomy of hemodialysis grafts. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients on hemodialysis via arteriovenous grafts were enrolled in our study...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Yu-Ann Fang, Chang-I Chen, Ju-Chi Liu, Li-Chin Sung
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at a higher risk of hospitalization for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Previous studies have reported the beneficial effects of the influenza vaccine in patients with CVD. However, the effects of influenza vaccination on the reduction of hospitalizations for heart failure (HF) in elderly patients with CKD remain unclear. METHODS: This cohort study comprised elderly patients (≥ 55 years of age) with a recorded diagnosis of CKD (n = 4406) between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2008...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Isidora Vujcic, Hristina Vlajinac, Eleonora Dubljanin, Zorana Vasiljevic, Dragana Matanovic, Jadranka Maksimovic, Sandra Sipetic
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate which psychosocial risk factors show the strongest association with occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) in the population of Belgrade in peacetime, after the big political changes in Serbia. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted involving 154 consecutive newly diagnosed patients with MI, and 308 controls matched by gender, age, and place of residence. RESULTS: According to conditional logistic regression analysis, after adjustment for conventional coronary risk factors, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for work-related stressful events, financial stress, deaths and diseases, and general stress were 3...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Guowei Fu, Zhanjiang Yu, Yongqiang Chen, Yundai Chen, Feng Tian, Xiaoda Yang
BACKGROUND: In-stent restenosis following the insertion of conventional drug-eluting stent has become an extremely serious problem due to coating techniques, with polymer matrices used to bind biological ingredients to the stent surface. However, several studies have indicated that new pro-healing technique could prevent stent thrombosis that can be caused by conventional drug-eluting stents. METHODS: A novel method of attaching anti-CD34 antibodies directly on the porous surface of a 316L stainless steel bare metal stent was developed in this study, which achieved both high stability of attached anti-CD34 antibodies on the metal stent surface and high antibody activity for stem cell capture...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Jian-Liung Wang, Chun-Chi Chen, Chao-Yung Wang Wang, Ming-Jer Hsieh, Shang-Hung Chang, Cheng-Hung Lee, Dong-Yi Chen, I-Chang Hsieh
BACKGROUND: When acute aortic dissection is complicated with acute myocardial infarction, the diagnosis of dissection can be problematic. In these cases, patients might be treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and suffer acatastrophic outcome. However, there are few reports or algorithm to facilitate the accurate management of this clinical situation. METHODS: We evaluated 385 consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI arising from an initial diagnosis of STEMI at our hospitalbetween January 2006 and March 2011...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Shih-Yu Huang, Yi-Ann Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Yi-Jen Chen, Yung-Kuo Lin
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a high prevalence of AF, and uremic toxins are an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases associated with CKD. Uremic toxins can produce pro-fibrotic, pro-hypertrophic, and pro-inflammatory effects on cardiac tissues and enhance oxidative stress or neurohormonal phenomena of cardiovascular injury, which are recognized as arrhythmogenic factors of AF. This article reviews the clinical, molecular, and electrophysiological data of uremic toxins in CKD considered to induce AF through multiple mechanisms on structural and electrical remodeling of the cardiovascular system...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Aylin Okur, Recep Sade, Hayri Ogul, Leyla Karaca, Mecit Kantarci
UNLABELLED: Variation of anterior interventricular vein draining into the left atrium is an extremely rare occurrence. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography has recently become the gold standard for depicting anatomical variations and anomalies of coronary arteries and veins. We herein have reported the case of a 36-year-old male whose anterior interventricular vein draining into the left atrium was demonstrated by MDCT coronary angiography. KEY WORDS: Angiography • Computed tomography • Coronary vein • Variation...
March 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Shu-Hsu Lu, Yi-Chen Wang, Yi-Shan Wu, Shih-Chung Huang, Chin-Sheng Lin
UNLABELLED: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a complication of underlying vascular thrombosis. The causes of PE are multi-factorial, and patients with PE present with various symptoms. We herein have presented the case of a 21-year-old man who initially developed palpitation, dyspnea, and seizure. Computed tomography of the chest ultimately indicated PE, and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) was diagnosed with clinical thrombosis events and series presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. APS commonly causes vascular thrombosis within the vascular tree; however, nonthrombotic manifestations, such as seizure, may also occur...
March 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Fu-Chih Hsiao, Chun-Nan Yeh, Pao-Hsien Chu
UNLABELLED: Multikinase inhibitors with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor effect have been reported to increase the risk of myocardial infarction or ischemia. We have presented the case of a 72-year-old male who had a metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor for which he received targeted therapy and who was admitted to our hospital for recurrent episodes of myocardial injury during atrial fibrillation. Coronary angiography showed insignificant coronary artery stenosis. We also reviewed the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients receiving regorafenib, and the current understanding of the mechanism of targeted therapy-induced myocardial ischemia/infarction...
March 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
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