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Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation

E Boyer, Y Igeta, S Jiang, M Arianni, F Goldammer, G Prunières, A Paun, P Vernet, P Liverneaux
The goal of this study was to develop a minimally-invasive, ultrasound-guided percutaneous flexor tendon sheath lavage technique on cadaver model. Two catheters were inserted using ultrasound guidance at the proximal and distal ends of the tendon sheath in 20 fingers from cadaveric forearms. Percutaneous injection of a saline solution colored with methylene blue resulted in anterograde lavage of the flexor tendon sheath. The technique was successful in 13 out of 20 cases. The proximal catheter was in the correct position in 17 cases and the distal catheter was correctly positioned in 15 cases...
January 14, 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Klein, V Ferrari, F Deroussen, M Juvet-Segarra, R Gouron
In cases of transverse congenital forearm deficiency, achieving a good prosthesis fit during childhood remains a challenge. Ulnar lengthening is a treatment option for improving the prosthesis fit. The objective of this study was to evaluate surgical ulnar lengthening and the subsequent prosthesis fit. We reviewed four cases of ulnar lengthening in children with transverse congenital forearm deficiency. The procedure was evaluated in terms of the duration of lengthening, increase in ulnar length and healing index...
January 11, 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
S J M Kamphuis, A P A Greeven, S Kleinveld, T Gosens, E M M Van Lieshout, M H J Verhofstad
The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of surgically treated Bennett fractures, while comparing open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with closed reduction and percutaneous fixation (CRPF). Patients treated between 1994 and 2010 were assessed retrospectively during an outpatient visit using a validated questionnaire (i.e. DASH, pain assessed through VAS), sensory testing, grip- and pinch-strength and radiographic analysis for post-traumatic arthritis. Fifty patients were included. Mean follow-up was 10 years...
January 9, 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Z Tuna, E Ayhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Aribert, Y Bouju, F Chaise, T Loubersac, E Gaisne, P Bellemère
Radioscaphoid arthroplasty with the Adaptive Proximal Scaphoid Implant (APSI® ) is an attractive treatment alternative in the short and medium term for patients with early scaphoid non-union advanced collapse (SNAC) wrist. The purpose of our study was to determine the long-term outcomes of this implant in SNAC wrists. All patients who received the implant from October 2002 to October 2010 were included. A clinical and radiographic study was performed. Our case series included 39 patients, of which 33 were contacted, with a mean follow-up of 10 years (5...
January 2, 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Laulan
High radial palsy is primarily associated with humeral shaft fractures, whether primary due to the initial trauma, or secondary to their treatment. The majority will spontaneously recover, therefore early surgical exploration is mainly indicated for open fractures or if ultrasonography shows severe nerve damage. Initial signs of nerve recovery may appear between 2 weeks and 6 months. Otherwise, the decision to explore the nerve is based on the patient's age, clinical examination and electroneuromyography, as well as ultrasonography findings...
December 5, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Bouya, M Tibouda, A Jaafar
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most frequent among entrapment neuropathies. The usual etiology is idiopathic, but can be caused by space-occupying lesions, a relatively rare condition. This condition becomes exceptional when the space-occupying lesion corresponds to a rare tumor whose location is atypical. The authors report the case of a 36-year-old woman with CTS due to hibernoma of the wrist.
December 5, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Y Seki, T Aoki, H Maehara, S Shirasawa
We compared post-operative distal radius fracture (DRF) displacement after volar locking plate fixation using full-length unicortical and shorter-length distal locking screws. In this non-inferiority, retrospective cohort study, DRFs treated with volar locking plate fixation were evaluated on X-rays. In the full-length group, volar locking plate fixation was performed with full-length unicortical distal locking screws. In the shorter-length group, the distal locking screws were planned pre-operatively to be approximately 75% of the distal radius depth based on the lunate depth, and the same depth was drilled...
November 30, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Carmona, J J Hidalgo Diaz, S Facca, Y Igeta, C Pizza, P Liverneaux
The aim of our study was to demonstrate the benefits of combining the Canaletto® implant with carboxymethylcellulose/polyethylene oxide gel in the surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) recurrences. Our case series included 39 patients (40 hands, one bilateral case) who underwent revision surgery for recurrent CTS (28 cases) or resistant CTS (12 cases). The mean age of the patients was 56 years. The Canaletto® only was implanted in the first 21 cases (group I). In the following 19 cases (group II), Dynavisc® gel was added to the protocol and applied around the median nerve when the Canaletto® was implanted...
November 21, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Q Q Yang, Y L Zhou
We sought to investigate the strength of two multi-strand tendon repair configurations in a chicken model. Fifty-six chicken flexor tendons were repaired with one to two different four-strand configurations: 1) a four-strand repair consisting of a two-strand core modified Kessler suture with a circle loop repair and 2) a four-strand core Kessler suture repair with three separate peripheral suture points. The strength of the repaired tendons were measured 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the surgical repair and were analyzed statistically...
November 14, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Guillou, M Darees, C Pougès, N Christiaens, E Guerre, C Chantelot
Extra-articular fractures of the distal radius with posterior displacement are typically treated with volar locking plates. However, this fixation method does not address the posterior comminution, which seems to have no impact on the final result. The purpose of this study was to determine the fate of the posterior comminution. This was a retrospective study of 22 patients over 50 years old with a distal radius fracture. A preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan was performed to evaluate the comminution...
November 10, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Toffoli, R Gamain, C Lazerges, M Chammas
We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a septic forearm non-union treated with minocycline for 3 months. At the time of reconstructive surgery, the radius and ulna were entirely black. Surgical debridement until bleeding of both bone extremities resulted in a 5-cm defect that was filled with a cement spacer. Histology confirmed poorly vascularized bone with focal areas of acute inflammatory infiltrate at the non-union sites (highly suggestive of infection) and normal structure of the remaining diaphyseal bones, although black in color...
November 3, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
T-W Kang, J-H Lee, D-H Park, H-S Cynn
Hand osteoarthritis reduces a person's ability to perform work activities and return to their occupation. We investigated the effects of a finger exercise program on hand grip strength, pain, physical function, and stiffness in automobile manufacturing workers with hand osteoarthritis. This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 29 subjects. Fifteen experimental subjects received a finger exercise program with paraffin baths, while 14 control subjects received only paraffin baths. Hand grip strength, pain, physical function, and stiffness were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks later...
November 3, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A J Hutchinson, N A Kusnezov, J C Dunn, N Rensing, G Prabhakar, M A Pirela-Cruz
Due to increased gun availability/prevalence in current times, low-velocity firearm injuries have risen dramatically. This study describes the epidemiology of gunshot wounds (GSW) to the hand. We identified all patients (January 2005 - August 2015) who presented to our Level 1 trauma center with GSW's to the hand. Analysis of each record was performed to collect epidemiological variables. Cross-sectional analyses were performed to quantify the results. Following inclusion/exclusion criteria, 97 patients were selected...
February 2019: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Huttin, J J Hidalgo Diaz, P Vernet, S Facca, Y Igeta, P Liverneaux
Radiolucent foreign bodies of the hand are frequent and may lead to pain, infection, hematoma and/or migration. Their diagnosis and removal can be difficult. The goal of this study was to assess the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasound imaging for detecting translucent foreign bodies in the hand to facilitate their removal. Our single-center retrospective study included 19 patients with preoperatively radiolucent but echogenic foreign bodies. An intraoperative ultrasound was performed to assist with and confirm the removal of the foreign body...
December 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J A Bertelli, K E Tavares
We aimed to evaluate the abduction and adduction of the little finger based on a new clinical test in the context of ulnar nerve lesions. We tested little finger abduction and adduction in 34 patients with an isolated ulnar nerve injury and 20 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. With their forearms supinated, patients were asked to fully abduct their little finger. Then, the examiner held the patients' index, middle, and ring fingers in extension and maximal radial deviation, and then asked the patients to touch their little finger to their radially deviated ring finger...
October 22, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Guillou, C Pougès, M Limousin, G Strouck, C Fontaine
Lateral epicondylitis is a condition whose pathophysiology is poorly understood and whose optimal treatment divides physicians. Arthroscopy has proven its worth, with results similar to or better than open surgery. The purpose of this study was to look for prognostic factors for the outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of lateral epicondylitis. This was a retrospective, single-center study involving 39 cases (36 patients). Patients were split into two groups based on the Mayo Elbow Performance score (MEPS). A good result was defined as a score of 75 or better...
October 20, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Le Hanneur, A Cambon-Binder, Z Belkheyar
Our aims were to study the anatomical feasibility of triceps brachii long head (TBLH) transfer to the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) and extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendons through a medial route, and to report on its first clinical application. Dissections were conducted on 10 fresh-frozen cadaver specimens. Using a posteromedial approach, the TBLH was separated from the remaining triceps and extended distally with a fascia lata strip. This strip was then tunneled through a medial route and secured distally to the EDC and EPL tendons...
October 18, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
F Vigouroux, C Choufani, A Grosset, O Barbier, S Rigal, L Mathieu
The purpose of this report was to analyze sequential management of patients with combat-related hand injuries in the Kabul International Airport Combat Support Hospital and to identify principles of hand damage control orthopedics (DCO). A retrospective study was conducted using the French Opex data system that included all the patients who received sequential treatment for combat-related hand injuries from 2009 to 2013. Demographics, mechanism, injury pattern, reasons for DCO application and surgical procedures performed during initial and definitive treatment were described...
October 14, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
G Dautel
Vascularized toe joint transfers are used for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) or metacarpophalangeal reconstruction of the fingers in children or young adults, as an alternative to joint arthroplasty. In children, this reconstruction aims to restore range of motion (ROM) and the growing capacities. The typical donor sites are the PIP or metatarsophalangeal joints of the second toe. These transfers are performed with short vascular pedicles in order to simplify the surgical technique and reduce the overall morbidity...
October 14, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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