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Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation

D Jann, M Calcagni, P Giovanoli, T Giesen
We analyzed the results of 20 unstable metacarpal fractures in 15 patients treated with a cannulated compression screw and no immobilization. All fractures healed within 6 weeks. One patient with multiple fractures and a flexion deficit required arthrolysis of two metacarpophalangeal joints. Another patient had an extension lag. There were no other complications. This fast and easy technique results in good outcomes for unstable metacarpal fractures. The advantages are early active motion without immobilization and stable fixation...
March 1, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
B Le Glédic, J J Hidalgo Diaz, P Vernet, S Gouzou, S Facca, P Liverneaux
No study has compared the QuickDASH score after Swanson implant arthroplasty performed by dorsal versus volar approaches. This study compared the outcomes of PIP arthroplasties through a volar approach as described by Schneider versus a dorsal approach as described by Chamay by determining the QuickDASH score, pain and range of motion. Our series included 21 Swanson implant arthroplasty cases in 17 patients aged 62 years on average, among which 12 were females. A volar approach was performed in 9 cases (group I) and a dorsal approach was performed in 12 cases (group II)...
March 1, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Marzouki, B Soumare, A S Diarra, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of percutaneous screw fixation of scaphoid waist fractures in our surgery unit by comparing them with recent data from the literature. This was a retrospective, descriptive study conducted between January 2010 and September 2016. Patients operated due to a recent scaphoid fracture and treated by percutaneous anterograde screw fixation with a Herbert screw were included in this study. Our cohort was a sub-set from a scaphoid fracture group; other fracture sites, other treatment techniques and fractures associated with scapholunate ligament lesions were excluded...
February 17, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
L K Head, R Bradley, M Momtazi
We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the wrist that manifested as acute carpal tunnel syndrome. The patient successfully underwent carpal tunnel release, tenosynovectomy and resection of dorsal and volar ossified bodies embedded in the tenosynovium overlying the wrist. Final histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis. The patient's symptoms of pain, numbness, and paresthesia in a median nerve distribution resolved completely and the patient resumed full-time work in the service industry 4-weeks postoperatively with no functional limitations...
February 13, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
T Franz, Q Haxhosaj, U von Wartburg, U Hug
Most extra-articular fractures of the proximal phalanges (P1) of the triphalangeal fingers can be treated conservatively with good results. Prerequisites for successful fracture treatment are intact soft tissue without any lesions of the extensor hood and stable initial fracture reduction. The key to functional conservative treatment of P1 fractures is to immobilize the metacarpophalangeal joints in flexion, resulting in equilibrium of flexor and extensor forces across the fracture site, which converts these inherently unstable fractures into relatively stable fractures...
February 13, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
H Benameur, C Chaves, A-C Masquelet, A Sautet, A Cambon-Binder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
K Yammine, M Erić
Agenesis, functional deficiency and the common type of the flexor digitorum superficialis of the little finger are reported in the literature to be highly variable with significant discrepancy between clinical and cadaveric frequencies. The aim of this systematic review was to generate overall clinical and cadaveric weighted frequencies, along with ancestry-based, side-based, sex-based and laterality-based frequencies. A systematic literature search identified 34 studies including 12,213 forearms/hands that met the inclusion criteria...
February 12, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
L El Sayed, F Teboul, G Asmar, J-N Goubier
Neuropathies of digital nerves are an infrequent phenomenon and their causes are most often mechanical. A rare cause of acute neuropathy is hourglass-like fascicular constriction of a nerve due to torsion. Although several cases of hourglass-like constriction have been described in the literature, none to our knowledge involved digital nerves. In this report, we present the first case of hourglass-like constriction of a digital nerve.
February 12, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
G Pfister, O Barbier, D Ollat
Snapping triceps corresponds to subluxation of the medial head of the triceps brachii over the medial epicondyle during active elbow flexion. It is a rare and misleading condition that is often associated with ulnar nerve instability. The latter can result in the snapping triceps being missed. Diagnosis requires a detailed clinical examination. Surgical treatment consists of anterior translocation of the nerve with an adipose flap to stabilize it and transfer of the distal attachment of the medial head of triceps brachii...
January 29, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
E Jardin, M Delord, S Aubry, F Loisel, L Obert
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) is a functional emergency in hand surgery; however, its diagnosis can be difficult to make. It should always be considered when a patient presents with an inflamed finger. The goal of this study was to investigate the usefulness of ultrasound in the diagnosis of early PFT. Seventy-three patients with suspected pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis were candidates for the study. Since the diagnosis of PFT was obvious in 16 patients, they were excluded from the study and immediately underwent surgery...
January 26, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M-L Abi-Chahla, J-M Alet, T Fabre, P Pelissier
Defects on the palmar surface of the fingers are an important part of hand emergencies, especially fingertip wounds. Luckily, many coverage methods are available. We will review the anatomy of this area and the thought process for treating these defects. We will also propose an algorithm that can be used to select the best technique based on the type of injury present.
January 24, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J I Efanov, J J Shine, R Darwich, C Besner Morin, J Arsenault, P G Harris, A M Danino, A Izadpanah
Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are important clinical devices for evaluating injuries and surgeries of the hand. However, some of the most widely used questionnaires, such as the MHQ and bMHQ, are currently unavailable in French, which prevents them from being used in the French Canadian province of Quebec as well as in other French-speaking nations. We therefore intend to develop valid and culturally adapted French translations of the afore-mentioned questionnaires. Two independent bilingual translators converted all English questionnaires to French...
January 17, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Pierrart, D Tordjman, S Otayek, R Douard, L Mahjoubi, E Masmejean
Reconstruction of the extensor tendons remains a therapeutic challenge. Tendon transfers and grafts are a potential source of morbidity at the donor site, and the graft stock is limited. In the index finger, the tendon of the extensor indicis proprius can be anastomosed to the tendon of the extensor digitorum, and then the extensor digitorum tendon turned over after being cut at the forearm. We assessed the feasibility of this reconstruction on 12 upper limbs from 6 cadavers and we report the case of a 24-year-old patient who suffered destruction of the extensor apparatus in the index and middle fingers...
January 4, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Bachy, A-H Moncany, C Tournier, L Lievain, F Fitoussi, R Vialle, I Auquit-Auckbur
Every doctor can be confronted, during his career, with patients presenting symptoms they created themselves. Because it is easily accessible, the hand is a favored target organ for these self-inflicted injuries. The diagnosis of factitious disorder of the hand is very difficult, rarely suggested and widely under-estimated. The real issue is detecting it early on to develop a cohesive diagnostic and therapeutic approach. The three clinical cases reported in this article illustrate the difficulty of caring for this pathology at all stages, from diagnosis to treatment...
December 29, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
L Athlani, N Pauchard, R Detammaecker, S Huguet, J Lombard, F Dap, G Dautel
Scapholunate (SL) instability is the most common dissociative carpal instability condition. It is the most frequent cause of wrist osteoarthritis, defined as scapholunate advanced collapse or SLAC wrist. Familiarity with the SL ligament complex is required to understand the various features of SL instability. Damage to the SL interosseous ligament is the main prerequisite for SL instability; however the extrinsic, palmar and dorsal ligaments of the carpus also come into play. When more than 6 weeks has passed since the initial injury event, SL instability is considered chronic because ligament healing is no longer possible...
December 29, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
N J Wachter, M Mentzel, C Häderer, G D Krischak, J Gülke
Ulnar nerve injuries can cause deficient hand movement patterns. Their assessment is important for diagnosis and rehabilitation in hand surgery cases. The purpose of this study was to quantify the changes in temporal coordination of the finger joints during different power grips with an ulnar nerve block by means of a sensor glove. In 21 healthy subjects, the onset and end of the active flexion of the 14 finger joints when gripping objects of different diameters was recorded by a sensor glove. The measurement was repeated after an ulnar nerve block was applied in a standardized setting...
December 20, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Fontaine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Duprat, L-E Gayet, C Breque, M Freslon
Tendon grafts are a component of the therapeutic arsenal for managing chronic flexor tendons injuries in the hand, especially during two-stage Hunter reconstruction. The purpose of this anatomical study was to compare the strength of the Pulvertaft weave versus the step-cut suture used for flexor tendon reconstruction to determine their role in early active mobilization. We performed a biomechanical study with cadaver specimens. Thirty-four hands were randomized and the tendons from both hands were equally assigned to each group...
February 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
S S Dedeoğlu, Y İmren, H Çabuk, A C Tekin, Y C Türe, H Gürbüz
Scaphoid non-union management is still a challenge in clinical practice for orthopaedic surgeons. Though several treatment methods have been described, there is an ongoing debate about optimum management. Based on new concepts about avascular conditions, promising results were reported with metaphyseal decompression of the distal radius by increasing the vascularization of the radial column of the carpus. We aimed to evaluate the clinical, radiological, and functional outcomes of distal radius core decompression and fixation with palmar percutaneous cannulated compression screws without grafting in patients with scaphoid waist fracture non-union...
February 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
G Kiyak
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the reliability of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) of the wrist using direct visualization of the extensor compartments in vivo. Twelve patients with extensor tendon complications [nine patients with extensor synovitis, two patients with isolated extensor pollicis longus (EPL) rupture, one patient with EPL and extensor indicis proprius rupture] after volar plating of a distal radius fracture were enrolled in the study. We obtained DTVs in the operating room before implant removal and explored the extensor compartments during synovectomy or tendon reconstruction to confirm suspected screw penetration...
February 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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