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Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation

J Pierrart, D Tordjman, S Otayek, R Douard, L Mahjoubi, E Masmejean
Reconstruction of the extensor tendons remains a therapeutic challenge. Tendon transfers and grafts are a potential source of morbidity at the donor site, and the graft stock is limited. In the index finger, the tendon of the extensor indicis proprius can be anastomosed to the tendon of the extensor digitorum, and then the extensor digitorum tendon turned over after being cut at the forearm. We assessed the feasibility of this reconstruction on 12 upper limbs from 6 cadavers and we report the case of a 24-year-old patient who suffered destruction of the extensor apparatus in the index and middle fingers...
January 4, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Bachy, A-H Moncany, C Tournier, L Lievain, F Fitoussi, R Vialle, I Auquit-Auckbur
Every doctor can be confronted, during his career, with patients presenting symptoms they created themselves. Because it is easily accessible, the hand is a favored target organ for these self-inflicted injuries. The diagnosis of factitious disorder of the hand is very difficult, rarely suggested and widely under-estimated. The real issue is detecting it early on to develop a cohesive diagnostic and therapeutic approach. The three clinical cases reported in this article illustrate the difficulty of caring for this pathology at all stages, from diagnosis to treatment...
December 29, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
L Athlani, N Pauchard, R Detammaecker, S Huguet, J Lombard, F Dap, G Dautel
Scapholunate (SL) instability is the most common dissociative carpal instability condition. It is the most frequent cause of wrist osteoarthritis, defined as scapholunate advanced collapse or SLAC wrist. Familiarity with the SL ligament complex is required to understand the various features of SL instability. Damage to the SL interosseous ligament is the main prerequisite for SL instability; however the extrinsic, palmar and dorsal ligaments of the carpus also come into play. When more than 6 weeks has passed since the initial injury event, SL instability is considered chronic because ligament healing is no longer possible...
December 29, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
N J Wachter, M Mentzel, C Häderer, G D Krischak, J Gülke
Ulnar nerve injuries can cause deficient hand movement patterns. Their assessment is important for diagnosis and rehabilitation in hand surgery cases. The purpose of this study was to quantify the changes in temporal coordination of the finger joints during different power grips with an ulnar nerve block by means of a sensor glove. In 21 healthy subjects, the onset and end of the active flexion of the 14 finger joints when gripping objects of different diameters was recorded by a sensor glove. The measurement was repeated after an ulnar nerve block was applied in a standardized setting...
December 20, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
P S Harenberg, M F Langer, J Sproedt, J G Grünert
Osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ1) is a common, painful condition with positive radiological findings in up to 32% of people over 50 years of age and up to 91% of people over 80 years of age. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to recommend one surgical treatment option over the others. We conducted a retrospective review of 77 patients treated for CMCJ1 osteoarthritis with plate arthrodesis between 1979 and 1996. The review included physical examination, including range of motion (ROM) of the thumb interphalangeal joint, metacarpophalangeal joint and CMCJ1, pinch grip, key grip and power grip strength, and a questionnaire on subjective outcomes (appearance, dexterity, load bearing, pain, strength, subjective overall result and if patients would choose the procedure again)...
December 14, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Duprat, L-E Gayet, C Breque, M Freslon
Tendon grafts are a component of the therapeutic arsenal for managing chronic flexor tendons injuries in the hand, especially during two-stage Hunter reconstruction. The purpose of this anatomical study was to compare the strength of the Pulvertaft weave versus the step-cut suture used for flexor tendon reconstruction to determine their role in early active mobilization. We performed a biomechanical study with cadaver specimens. Thirty-four hands were randomized and the tendons from both hands were equally assigned to each group...
December 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
D Tordjman, J Pierrart, J Bellity, D Delgrande, E Masmejean
This report provides a complete review of a rare anatomical variation, the accessory extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon and its clinical significance. We will describe a case of an asymptomatic accessory EPL that was found incidentally during surgery with a tendon located in the fourth extensor compartment. Pulling on it induced extension of the thumb interphalangeal joint. Very few cases of accessory EPL have been previously reported with various muscle origins and tendon insertions. In the literature, three symptomatic cases of accessory EPL were reported with a tendon running in a compartment other than the fourth...
December 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
S S Dedeoğlu, Y İmren, H Çabuk, A C Tekin, Y C Türe, H Gürbüz
Scaphoid non-union management is still a challenge in clinical practice for orthopaedic surgeons. Though several treatment methods have been described, there is an ongoing debate about optimum management. Based on new concepts about avascular conditions, promising results were reported with metaphyseal decompression of the distal radius by increasing the vascularization of the radial column of the carpus. We aimed to evaluate the clinical, radiological, and functional outcomes of distal radius core decompression and fixation with palmar percutaneous cannulated compression screws without grafting in patients with scaphoid waist fracture non-union...
December 8, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
G Kiyak
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the reliability of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) of the wrist using direct visualization of the extensor compartments in vivo. Twelve patients with extensor tendon complications [nine patients with extensor synovitis, two patients with isolated extensor pollicis longus (EPL) rupture, one patient with EPL and extensor indicis proprius rupture] after volar plating of a distal radius fracture were enrolled in the study. We obtained DTVs in the operating room before implant removal and explored the extensor compartments during synovectomy or tendon reconstruction to confirm suspected screw penetration...
December 8, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Y J Cha
The study was conducted to provide basic data to develop a system that distributes pressure over a broader area by measuring and analyzing pressures in various wrist angles and hand positions while wearing a wrist splint. With 0, 15, 30, and 45 degrees of wrist extension, full-finger extension and finger flexion, pressure distribution changes were measured three times. Average peak pressure was analyzed and mean value picture (MVP) in zones 3-5 was calculated. A one-way Anova was conducted to identify changes in pressure distribution by wrist angle and hand position...
December 7, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Galmiche, J J Hidalgo Diaz, P Vernet, S Facca, G Menu, P Liverneaux
Many biological and non-biological simulators have been developed to reduce the length of the learning curve for supermicrosurgery. All of them have disadvantages. The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the new MicrochirSim® (0.5mm) non-biological procedural simulator by comparing it to the Anastomosis Training Kit® (2mm). After viewing a video of end-to-end anastomosis of a rat-tail artery, 10 residents in surgery reproduced the same technique on a procedural simulator: 5 on the MicroChirSim® (group 1) and 5 on the Anastomosis Training Kit® (group 2)...
December 7, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Thiounn, E Guerre, C Szymanski, C Maynou, C Fontaine
Aggressive giant cell tumors are rare at the distal ulna. We report the results of two patients who were treated surgically using a distal ulna prosthesis stabilized by ligament reconstruction with the brachioradialis tendon. At the maximum follow-up of 18months, the two patients were satisfied. Joint range of motion and functional scores were improved. X-rays showed no recurrence or subluxation; however gradual impingement of the ulnar notch of radius by the prosthesis was visible. Our technique seems to be a viable alternative when compared with the treatments described in other published case reports...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
A Dahmam, G Meyer Zu Reckendorf
Intramuscular hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors. They develop in striated muscles. Various sites have been reported in the literature but only rarely in the hand. We report on a case of an intramuscular hemangioma located within the hypothenar eminence, diagnosed by a biopsy. Treatment options are limited in the hand as embolization may lead to a risk of digital ischemia and sclerotherapy may lead to recurrence. This type of infiltrating tumor is poorly structured within the muscle, thus simple removal is not an option...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
I Illuminati, F Seigle-Murandi, S Gouzou, T Fabacher, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Diaz, P Liverneaux
There are no published studies on the management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients who have already been operated for recurrent CTS on the contralateral side. The aim of this study was to evaluate 13 patients with CTS who underwent primary release using a Canaletto® implant. The 13 patients had all been operated for recurrent CTS previously. On the contralateral side, they all had subjective signs, and two of them already had complications. All were operated with the Canaletto® implant according to Duché's technique, in a mean of 20minutes...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Gras, C Leclercq
Spasticity is a complex pathology, both in terms of assessment and treatment. This article focuses on the clinical examination (objective, capacity, performance and function), which is key for choosing a treatment and can be helped by botulinum toxin injections. The treatment involves physical therapy, occupational therapy, medications and surgery. Neurectomy has been used in the upper limb since 1912 and is one of the therapeutic options for spasticity. This treatment is usually reserved for nonfunctional hands...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
M Ozbaydar, O Orman, O Ozel, E Altan
Treatment of patients with traumatic loss of skin and multiple extensor tendons on the dorsum of the hand is a challenge. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome after reconstruction of soft tissues and multiple extensor tendons in patients who suffered traumatic loss of skin and multiple extensor tendons. Ten patients were enrolled in the study. These patients underwent single-stage reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendon grafts for multiple extensor tendon defects and fasciocutaneous flaps for coverage of dorsal hand defects...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
W Kim, B Renaud, P Dumontier, J-L Condamine
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) resurfacing arthroplasty for treating osteoarthritis: the PIP Toccata implant®. This was a retrospective study of 32 out of 33 PIP arthroplasty cases performed with a dorsolateral or a Chamay approach by two surgeons after a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Patients were reviewed using a standardized assessment of pain, function, mobility and radiological changes. The average follow-up was 5.9 years. The mean active range of motion was 67° (15-95)...
December 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
J Château, F Boucher, F Braye, L Erhard, A Mojallal
Use of a latissimus dorsi (LD) flap has been widely described for upper limb reconstruction. However, donor site sequelae have led to the development of muscle-sparing techniques for the LD flap. We present the technical principles of a muscle-sparing LD flap and its use as a pedicled flap to reconstruct the distal third of the arm.
October 16, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Krefter, M Marks, S Hensler, D B Herren, M Calcagni
The objective of this study was to review the incidence of complications associated with different treatment options for patients with Dupuytren's disease. In a systematic literature review, the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched for clinical studies reporting complications after collagenase treatment, percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF), fasciectomy and dermofasciectomy. The incidence of complications was extracted from each study and stratified by procedure. From a total of 2251 references, 113 studies were analyzed and included with complication incidences varying from 0% to 100%...
October 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
O Marès
Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability is a rare but disabling problem. Surgical treatment remains a challenge. The advent of arthroscopic techniques has helped to rebuild the triangular fibrocartilaginous complex (TFCC), especially its deep part. However, isolated TFCC damage is not responsible for instability. Its repair is sometimes not sufficient to restore DRUJ stability, or the chronicity of the injury prevents its direct repair. Open surgical procedures still have a role in these cases. They require a detailed knowledge of the various stabilizers of the DRUJ...
October 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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