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Obesity Science & Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713584/fitness-adjusted-racial-disparities-in-central-adiposity-among-women-in-the-usa-using-quantile-regression
#1
S McDonald, A Ortaglia, C Supino, M Kacka, M Clenin, M Bottai
OBJECTIVE: This study comprehensively explores racial/ethnic disparities in waist circumference (WC) after adjusting for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), among both adult and adolescent women, across WC percentiles. METHODS: Analysis was conducted using data from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Female participants (n = 3,977) aged 12-49 years with complete data on CRF, height, weight and WC were included. Quantile regression models, stratified by age groups (12-15, 16-19 and 20-49 years), were used to assess the association between WC and race/ethnicity adjusting for CRF, height and age across WC percentiles (10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 95th)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713583/effects-of-supervised-and-unsupervised-physical-activity-programmes-for-weight-loss
#2
S A Creasy, R J Rogers, K K Davis, B B Gibbs, E E Kershaw, J M Jakicic
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is important for weight management. However, it remains unclear what type of physical activity prescription/programme is optimal for increasing physical activity during a standard behavioural weight loss intervention. This study examined changes in physical activity after a 12-week supervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (SUP-PA), an unsupervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (UNSUP-PA) and an unsupervised programme prescribed in steps per day (STEP)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713582/distance-learning-strategies-for-weight-management-utilizing-online-social-networks-versus-group-phone-conference-call
#3
Erik A Willis, Amanda N Szabo-Reed, Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jeffery J Honas, Eyad M Al-Hihi, Robert Lee, Jaehoon Lee, Youngha Oh, Richard A Washburn, Joseph E Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: The increase in technology and online social networks (OSNs) may present healthcare providers with an innovative modality for delivering weight management programmes that could have an impact on health care at the population level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of using an OSN to deliver a weight loss programme to inform future, large-scale trials. METHODS: Seventy individuals (age = 47 ± 12.4, minority = 24...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706733/the-effect-of-characteristics-of-proteins-fed-during-gestation-and-lactation-on-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-dams-and-male-offspring-of-wistar-rats
#4
A Jahan-Mihan, C A Labyak, A Y Arikawa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine the role of characteristics of proteins in maternal and weaning diets on risk of metabolic syndrome in male offspring. METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats were allocated to two groups (n = 12) and were fed the AIN-93G diets based on either intact protein-based diet (IPD) or mixed amino acid-based diet (AAD) from day 3 of gestation throughout gestation and lactation. Male offspring were weaned to either an IPD or AAD diet for 18 weeks...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706732/age-increases-mcp-1-level-in-association-with-bariatric-surgery-operating-time-and-metabolic-risk-severity
#5
S K Malin, J L Kaplan, L Meng, J C Garmey, J L Kirby, A M Taylor, P T Hallowell, C A McNamara
OBJECTIVE: Assess the role of inflammation on operating time in younger vs. older bariatric surgery patients. METHODS: Fifty-five younger (F: 46, Age: 34.9 ± 4.0 years, body mass index [BMI]: 48.2 ± 1.0 kg m(-2)) and 48 older (F: 34, Age: 57.0 ± 5.1 years, BMI: 46.8 ± 1.0 kg m(-2)) adults were studied prior to surgery. Blood pressure, glycaemic control (fasting glucose/insulin, HbA1c), lipids (high-density lipoprotein and triglycerides) and inflammation (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1]) were assessed...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706731/household-wealth-status-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-adult-women-in-bangladesh-and-nepal
#6
G Bishwajit
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, women were reported to be more likely to have higher normal body weight. However, nationally representative evidence on the association between socioeconomic status and body weight in terms of regional cut-offs for body mass index is limited for South Asian women. This study aimed to address this gap by investigating the association between household wealth status and overweight and obesity among adult women in Bangladesh and Nepal. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional data on 6,144 Nepalese and 17,683 Bangladeshi women were obtained from most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in these countries...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706730/body-mass-index-associations-between-mother-and-offspring-from-birth-to-age-18-the-fels-longitudinal-study
#7
S Swanton, A C Choh, M Lee, L L Laubach, J K Linderman, S A Czerwinski, M J Peterson
BACKGROUND: Parental obesity is a known determinant of childhood obesity. Previous research has shown a strong maternal influence on body mass index (BMI) during infancy and early childhood. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to investigate the BMI associations between mother and offspring from birth to age 18 years. METHODS: Participants were selected from the Fels Longitudinal Study. The current study sample includes 427 (215 mother/son and 212 mother/daughter) mother/child pairs...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702215/relationship-between-sudden-natural-death-and-abdominal-fat-evaluated-on-postmortem-ct-scans
#8
Y Kaichi, H Sakane, H Higashibori, Y Honda, F Tatsugami, Y Baba, M Iida, K Awai
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between sudden natural death and abdominal fat using postmortem computed tomography (CT) scans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Postmortem CT images at the umbilical level of 241 subjects were used to measure abdominal areas of subcutaneous- and visceral fat, the rate of visceral fat and the waist circumference. Of the study subjects, 174 died of sudden natural death (130 men and 44 women), and 67 died of different causes (46 men and 21 women)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702214/involvement-of-oxidative-stress-in-atherosclerosis-development-in-subjects-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#9
R Nakano, N Takebe, M Ono, M Hangai, R Nakagawa, S Yashiro, T Murai, K Nagasawa, Y Takahashi, J Satoh, Y Ishigaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702213/monitoring-the-efficacy-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-liver-steatosis-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-pilot-study
#10
M-C Lacasse, A Tang, J Dubois, F Alvarez, S Spahis, M Chagnon, S Deschênes, E Levy
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of omega-3 supplementation on liver fat and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and to assess accuracy of ultrasound (US) for grading liver steatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this one-way crossover pilot study, we assigned children with obesity and liver steatosis to receive 1.2 g daily of omega-3 supplementation vs. inactive sunflower oil for 24 or 12 weeks. Liver fat content was assessed by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and US, and common carotid IMT by US...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702212/obesity-arterial-function-and-arterial-structure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
J Y A Ne, T Y Cai, D S Celermajer, I D Caterson, T Gill, C M Y Lee, M R Skilton
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms by which obesity affects cardiovascular risk have not been fully elucidated. This paper reports a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis on obesity and two key aspects of vascular health using gold-standard non-invasive measures - arterial endothelial function (brachial flow-mediated dilatation) and subclinical atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness). METHODS: Electronic searches for 'Obesity and flow-mediated dilatation' and 'Obesity and intima-media thickness' were performed using Ovid Medline and Embase databases...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702211/skipping-breakfast-and-5-year-changes-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-japanese-men-and-women
#12
M Sakurai, K Yoshita, K Nakamura, K Miura, T Takamura, S Y Nagasawa, Y Morikawa, T Kido, Y Naruse, K Nogawa, Y Suwazono, S Sasaki, M Ishizaki, H Nakagawa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between frequency of skipping breakfast and annual changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). METHODS: The participants were 4,430 factory employees. BMI and WC were measured repeatedly at annual medical examinations over a 5-year period. The association between frequency of skipping breakfast at the baseline examination and annual changes in anthropometric indices was evaluated using the generalized estimating equation method...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702210/successful-weight-loss-maintainers-use-health-tracking-smartphone-applications-more-than-a-nationally-representative-sample-comparison-of-the-national-weight-control-registry-to-pew-tracking-for-health
#13
C M Goldstein, J G Thomas, R R Wing, D S Bond
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to evaluate successful weight loss maintainers' use of self-monitoring technology. METHODS: National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) participants, who maintained a ≥13.6 kg weight loss for ≥1 year, completed an online survey about self-monitoring technology use. The NWCR sample (n = 794) was compared with a demographically similar subsample of 833 individuals answering the same questions in the Pew Tracking for Health Survey...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392937/reduced-lpl-and-subcutaneous-lipid-storage-capacity-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-with-obesity
#14
M C Serra, A S Ryan, A P Goldberg
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the hypothesis that lower adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity and a limited capacity for subcutaneous adipocyte expansion will be associated with metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in postmenopausal women who are overweight and obese. METHODS: Women (N = 150; age 60 ± 1 year; BMI: 31.5 ± 0.3 kg m(-2); mean ± standard errors of the means [SEM]) with and without MSyn had dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans for total body fat, CT scans for visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue areas, lipid and glucose metabolic profiles, and abdominal and gluteal fat aspirations for subcutaneous fat cell weight (FCW; N = 150) and LPL activity (N = 100)...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392936/25-oh-d-status-effect-of-d3-supplement
#15
J M Lukaszuk, P E Luebbers
BACKGROUND: Excess adipose tissue may lead to sequestrating of vitamin D, making it less available for use in the body. OBJECTIVE: This study determined if overweight or obese individuals (BMI > 25 kg m(-2)) had insufficient (<30 ng mL(-1)) levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and, if so, would serum levels respond to exogenous supplementation. METHODS: Sixty-three women who were overweight/obese (BMI = 31.07 ± 5...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392935/measurement-of-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-early-after-the-bypass-of-the-proximal-small-bowel-in-humans
#16
A D Miras, R Herring, A Vusirikala, F Shojaee-Moradi, N C Jackson, S Chandaria, S N Jackson, A P Goldstone, N Hakim, A G Patel, A M Umpleby, C W Le Roux
OBJECTIVE: Unlike gastric banding or sleeve gastrectomy procedures, intestinal bypass procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in particular, lead to rapid improvements in glycaemia early after surgery. The bypass of the proximal small bowel may have weight loss and even caloric restriction-independent glucose-lowering properties on hepatic insulin sensitivity. In this first human mechanistic study, we examined this hypothesis by investigating the early effects of the duodeno-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL; GI Dynamics, USA) on the hepatic insulin sensitivity by using the gold standard euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp methodology...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392934/evaluation-of-a-web-based-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-cancer-survivors-aged-50%C3%A2-years-and-younger
#17
S M Lynch, C T Stricker, J C Brown, J M Berardi, D Vaughn, S Domchek, S Filseth, A Branas, E Weiss-Trainor, K H Schmitz, D B Sarwer
PURPOSE: Half of adult cancer survivors under age 50 years are obese. Excess body weight is associated with cancer recurrence, and effective weight loss interventions for younger cancer survivors are needed. Commercially available, online weight loss programmes are readily accessible, but few have been studied in this population. This study employed a single-arm, pre-post intervention (baseline-6 month/baseline-12 month comparisons) to preliminarily explore feasibility, efficacy and safety of an online, commercially available weight loss programme in breast (n = 30) and testicular (n = 16) cancer survivors under age 50 years...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392933/improved-parental-dietary-quality-is-associated-with-children-s-dietary-intake-through-the-home-environment
#18
K R Flórez, A S Richardson, M B Ghosh-Dastidar, R Beckman, C Huang, L Wagner, T Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Improving access to supermarkets has been shown to improve some dietary outcomes, yet there is little evidence for such effects on children. Relatedly, there is a dearth of research assessing the impact of a structural change (i.e. supermarket in a former food desert) on the home environment and its relationship with children's diet. OBJECTIVE: Assess the relative impact of the home environment on children's diet after the introduction of a new supermarket in a food desert...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392932/delay-discounting-and-utility-for-money-or-weight-loss
#19
Y Y Sze, E M Slaven, W K Bickel, L H Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is related to a bias towards smaller immediate over larger delayed rewards. This bias is typically examined by studying single commodity discounting. However, weight loss often involves choices among multiple commodities. To our knowledge, no research has examined delay discounting of delayed weight loss compared with other commodities. METHODS: We examined single commodity discounting of money and cross commodity discounting of money and weight loss in a sample of 84 adults with obesity or overweight statuses interested in weight loss...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392931/associations-between-weight-related-teasing-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-by-weight-status-among-school-aged-youth
#20
T Warkentin, M M Borghese, I Janssen
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related teasing (WT) is associated with poor mental health. This study examined whether weight status moderates the relationship between WT and psychosomatic symptoms within a representative sample of school-aged youth. METHODS: Data are from the Canadian 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, a nationally representative sample of youth in Grades 6-10. WT, psychosomatic symptoms and body mass index (BMI) were self-reported. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 20,277 youth (mean age = 14...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
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