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Investigative and Clinical Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868512/corrigendum-correction-of-the-figure-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-has-lower-biochemical-recurrence-than-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Seon Heui Lee, Hyun Ju Seo, Na Rae Lee, Soo Kyung Son, Dae Keun Kim, Koon Ho Rha
[This corrects the article on p. 152 in vol. 58.].
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868511/optimization-of-urinary-dipstick-ph-are-multiple-dipstick-ph-readings-reliably-comparable-to-commercial-24-hour-urinary-ph
#2
Joel E Abbott, Daniel L Miller, William Shi, David Wenzler, Fuad F Elkhoury, Nishant D Patel, Roger L Sur
PURPOSE: Accurate measurement of pH is necessary to guide medical management of nephrolithiasis. Urinary dipsticks offer a convenient method to measure pH, but prior studies have only assessed the accuracy of a single, spot dipstick. Given the known diurnal variation in pH, a single dipstick pH is unlikely to reflect the average daily urinary pH. Our goal was to determine whether multiple dipstick pH readings would be reliably comparable to pH from a 24-hour urine analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kidney stone patients undergoing a 24-hour urine collection were enrolled and took images of dipsticks from their first 3 voids concurrently with the 24-hour collection...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868510/retroperitoneal-fibrosis-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-analysis-from-urological-perspective
#3
Kunal Kishor Jadhav, Vikash Kumar, Chirag B Punatar, Vinod S Joshi, Sharad N Sagade
PURPOSE: To study clinical presentation, laboratory results, imaging findings and treatment options and outcomes of retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF). To determine whether it follows the same natural course and response to treatment in the Asian population as in the Western world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients diagnosed with RPF on imaging and histopathology between February 2010 and April 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 21 patients analyzed, mean age at presentation was 50...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868509/-targeted-prophylaxis-impact-of-rectal-swab-culture-directed-prophylaxis-on-infectious-complications-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#4
Prabhjot Singh, Ashish Kumar, Siddharth Yadav, Lok Prakash, Brusabhanu Nayak, Rajeev Kumar, Arti Kapil, Prem Nath Dogra
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance among patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and the impact of rectal swab culture-directed antibiotic prophylaxis on postbiopsy infectious complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed all patients undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy from April 2013 to February 2015. Antibiotic prophylaxis was tailored to the results of rectal swab cultures. If the organism was fluoroquinolone-sensitive, oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg with tinidazole 600 mg was prescribed...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868508/can-men-with-prostates-sized-80-ml-or-larger-be-managed-conservatively
#5
Alvin Lee, Han Jie Lee, Keong Tatt Foo
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term clinical outcomes of men with large prostate sizes of 80 mL and greater who were managed conservatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed men with prostate sizes of 80 mL and greater from our electronic hospital database. Clinical parameters such as age, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) scoring, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), uroflowmetry variables, and transabdominal ultrasound findings were evaluated...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868507/evaluation-of-the-incidence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-persistent-frequency-in-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-and-the-efficacy-of-antimuscarinic-treatment
#6
Aram Kim, Kyeong-Ok Hoe, Jung Hyun Shin, Myung-Soo Choo
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors associated with persistent urinary frequency, and to evaluate the efficacy of antimuscarinic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) patients complaining of persistent urinary frequency despite improved pain were evaluated. Before initial conventional treatment, each patient completed a voiding diary and symptom questionnaires. After conventional treatment, patients were divided according to the presence of pain and frequency...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868506/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-advantages-and-limitations
#7
Foo Cheong Ng, Wai Loon Yam, Tze Ying Benjamin Lim, Jin Kiat Teo, Kok Kit Ng, Sey Kiat Lim
PURPOSE: The use of ultrasound in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has not been shown to translate to better clinical and stone outcomes. To compare the operative outcomes, postoperative outcomes and complication rates of ultrasound-guided access PCNL (USGA-PCNL) versus fluoroscopy-guided access PCNL (FGA-PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 184 consecutive patients who underwent PCNL from July 2008 to September 2014 were identified from our PCNL database...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868505/radiological-noninvasive-assessment-of-ureteral-stone-impaction-into-the-ureteric-wall-a-critical-evaluation-with-objective-radiological-parameters
#8
Ozlem Elibol, Kadihan Yalcin Safak, Ayse Buz, Bilal Eryildirim, Kutluhan Erdem, Kemal Sarica
PURPOSE: To determine the predictive value of certain radiological parameters for an objective asssessment of the presence of ureteral stone impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with a single proximal ureteral stones were retrieved from the departmental database. Both clinical and particularly radiological data of all cases were well evaluated on this aspect. In addition to the time period between the first colic attack and definitive management; diameter of proximal ureter and renal pelvis, longitudinal and transverse stone size, Hounsfied unit (HU) of the stone and lastly ureteral wall thickness at the impacted stone site were all carefully evaluated and noted...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868504/patient-reported-quality-of-life-recovery-curves-after-robotic-prostatectomy-are-similar-across-body-mass-index-categories
#9
Tullika Garg, Amanda J Young, Korey A Kost, Alyssa M Park, John F Danella, H Lester Kirchner
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative recovery curve of urinary and sexual function after robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). We hypothesized that overweight and obese men have different recovery curves than normal weight men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed preoperative and postoperative surveys from 691 men who underwent RALP from 2004-2014 in an integrated healthcare delivery system. Survey instruments included: sexual health inventory for men (SHIM), urinary behavior, leakage, and incontinence impact questionnaire (IIQ)...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868503/does-t1-and-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-give-value-added-than-bone-scintigraphy-in-the-follow-up-of-vertebral-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer
#10
Dong Hoon Lee, Jong Kil Nam, Hee Suk Jung, Seong Jang Kim, Moon Kee Chung, Sung-Woo Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of limited Magnetic Resonance (MR) images including T1- and diffusion-weighted image (DWI) for monitoring vertebral metastasis in patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2014 to November 2016, patients diagnosed with spinal metastasis from prostate cancer using 99mTc bone scintigraphy were enrolled. Regardless of the primary local therapy, the changes in spinal metastasis were followed up using bone scan and biparametric MR (T1+DWI)...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868502/analysis-of-closed-medical-litigation-in-urology
#11
Su Hwan Shin, So Yoon Kim, Seung Gyeong Jang, Won Lee
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to provide a descriptive understanding of the characteristics of malpractice litigation related to urology by examining court cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6,074 court cases related to medical malpractice litigation filed between 2005 and 2010 were received from the Lower Courts, the Appellate Courts, and the Supreme Court of Korea. Of the received cases, 34 urology-related civil proceedings were analyzed. The following information was compiled and investigated from the cases: background, age and sex of patient, categorization of the defendant, opinion of the court, amount claimed and awarded in damages, type of medical treatment involved, and negative effects resulting from the medical accident...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868501/the-role-of-metastasis-directed-therapy-and-local-therapy-of-the-primary-tumor-in-the-management-of-oligometastatic-prostate-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Jongchan Kim, Jee Soo Park, Won Sik Ham
Oligometastasis has been proposed as an intermediate stage of cancer spread between localized disease and widespread metastasis. Oligometastatic malignancy is now being diagnosed more frequently as the result of improvements in diagnostic modalities such as functional imaging. The importance of oligometastasis in managing metastatic prostate cancer is that it is possible to treat with a curative aim by metastasis-directed or local therapy in selected patients. Many studies have shown that these aggressive treatments lead to improved survival in other oligometastatic malignancies...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868500/epidemiology-and-economics-of-nephrolithiasis
#13
REVIEW
Justin B Ziemba, Brian R Matlaga
Nephrolithiasis is a disease common in both the Western and non-Western world. Several population based studies have demonstrated a rising prevalence and incidence of the disease over the last several decades. Recurrence occurs frequently after an initial stone event. The influence of diet on the risk of nephrolithiasis is important, particularly dietary calcium and fluid intake. An increasing intake of dietary calcium and fluid are consistently associated with a reduced risk of incident nephrolithiasis in both men and women...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868499/the-future-of-robotics
#14
EDITORIAL
Hannah Warren, Prokar Dasgupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681040/the-renoprotective-effects-of-mannitol-and-udenafil-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-model
#15
Yusuf Özlülerden, Cihan Toktaş, Hülya Aybek, Vural Küçükatay, Nilay Şen Türk, Ali Ersin Zumrutbas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of udenafil and mannitol in an experimental renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 female Wister Albino rats were used. Right nephrectomy was performed in all groups. In the control group; I/R injury was not performed. In the I/R group; left renal pedicle was clamped for 45 minutes and then underwent 60 minutes and 24 hours of reperfusion. In the mannitol group; 1 mL 20% mannitol was given intravenously 15 minutes before clamping...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681039/prevalence-and-management-status-of-urologic-disease-in-geriatric-hospitals-in-south-korea-a-population-based-analysis
#16
Jungyo Suh, Khae Hawn Kim, Sang Heon Lee, Hyung Suk Kim, Young Ju Lee, Sang Rim Lee, Chang Wook Jeong
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and management status of urologic disease in geriatric hospitals in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted population-based analyzed using cohort established by the National Health Insurance Service of Korea, which contains the medical insurance data of 1 million people from 2002 to 2013. The prevalence, prescription rate, and complication incidence of urologic disease in geriatric hospitals were compared with similar-sized general hospitals...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681038/mounting-resistance-of-uropathogens-to-antimicrobial-agents-a-retrospective-study-in-patients-with-chronic-bacterial-prostatitis-relapse
#17
Konstantinos Stamatiou, Nikolaos Pierris
PURPOSE: Despite recent progress in the management of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP), many cases relapse. Increased drug resistance patterns of responsible bacteria have been proposed as the most probable causative factor. Driven by the limited number of previous studies addressing this topic, we aimed to study whether antibiotic resistance increases in patients with CBP when relapse occurs. A secondary aim of this study was to determine the resistance patterns of responsible bacteria from patients with CBP...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681037/chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-in-adolescents-compared-with-that-in-young-adults
#18
Keon-Cheol Lee, In-Rae Cho
PURPOSE: Chronic prostatitis (CP)/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) has been studied mainly in adults; reports in adolescents are rare. We compared the clinical characteristics of adolescent CP/CPPS patients with those of young adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 20 adolescents with CP/CPPS aged <20 years who visited our outpatient department from August 2005 to April 2012. The control group comprised 120 young adult CP/CPPS patients...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681036/additional-low-dose-antimuscarinics-can-improve-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-patients-with-suboptimal-response-to-beta-3-agonist-monotherapy
#19
Jung Hyun Shin, Aram Kim, Myung-Soo Choo
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the patient-reported outcome (PRO) and efficacy of add-on low-dose antimuscarinic therapy in over-active bladder (OAB) patients with suboptimal response to 4-week treatment with beta 3 agonist monotherapy (mirabegron, 50 mg). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled OAB patients with 4-week mirabegron (50 mg) treatment if the patients' symptoms improved, but not to a satisfactory extent (patient perception of bladder condition [PPBC] ≥4)...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681035/efficacy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-penile-fracture-a-controlled-study
#20
Erkin Saglam, Fatih Tarhan, Mustafa B Hamarat, Utku Can, Alper Coskun, Emre Camur, Kemal Sarica
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with suspected penile fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 122 patients admitted to our inpatient clinic with a suspicion of penile fracture following a recent history of penile trauma and who underwent surgical exploration were included this study. A thorough physical examination, a detailed medical history, description of the trauma, and preoperative International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) scores were obtained for each patient prior to surgery...
July 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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