Read by QxMD icon Read

Investigative and Clinical Urology

Kyoung Lee, Jae Min Chung, Sang Don Lee
Purpose: Local anesthetic agents such as bupivacaine and lidocaine are commonly used after surgery for pain control. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the safety of a mixture of bupivacaine and lidocaine in children who underwent urologic inguinal and scrotal surgery. Materials and Methods: Fifty-five patients who underwent pediatric urologic outpatient surgeries, were prospectively enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into three groups according to age (group I: under 2 years, group II: between 3-4 years, and group III: 5 years and above)...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Naoko Takazawa, Akiko Fujisaki, Yasukuni Yoshimura, Akira Tsujimura, Shigeo Horie
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications of transvaginal minimal mesh repair without using commercially available kits for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study involved 91 women who underwent surgical management of POP with originally designed small mesh between July 2014 and August 2015. This mesh is 56% smaller than the mesh widely used in Japan, and it has only two arms delivered into each right and left sacrospinous ligament...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Jason M Sandberg, Ian Gray, Amy Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
Purpose: To assess the utility of the Manufacturer And User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database in objectively capturing adverse events for transvaginal mesh in the United States. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 1,103 individual medical device reports submitted to the MAUDE database that inspired the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration's 2008 Public Health Notification. Entries were compiled into a categorical database that reported manufacturer, brand, reporter type, report source, and type of adverse event...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Julio T Chong, Kathleen M Kan, Courtney K Phillips, Alexander Greenstein
Purpose: Placement of pre-operative ureteral catheters for colorectal surgery can aid in the identification of ureteral injuries. This study investigates whether simultaneous ureteral catheterization with surgery skin preparation can minimize operating room times without increasing post-operative complications. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing simultaneous colorectal surgery skin preparation and placement of pre-operative ureteral catheters (n=21) were compared to those who underwent these events sequentially (n=28)...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Ho Won Kang, Kang Su Cho, Won Sik Ham, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hae Do Jung, Jong Kyou Kwon, Young Deuk Choi, Joo Yong Lee
Purpose: This study aims to assess the predictive factors and treatment outcomes of Steinstrasse formation following shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for ureter stone. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 1,418 ureter stone patients who underwent one-session SWL from November 2005 to May 2013 at our medical institute were retrospectively reviewed. Finally, 551 patients met inclusion criteria. Maximal length and location of stone, stone attenuation (Hounsfield units), and skin-to-stone distance (SSD) were determined on pretreatment non-contrast computed tomography...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Ho Young Ryu, You Kyoung Lee, Juhyun Park, Hwancheol Son, Sung Yong Cho
Purpose: Dietary factors are one of the main causes of urolithiasis. However, little research has evaluated dietary factors related to urolithiasis in Korea. We investigated the various dietary risk factors for urinary stone formation in Korean people. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective case-control pilot study. A total of 27 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis and 20 applicants without urolithiasis were designated as the patients and the control group, respectively...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Seung Bin Kim, Sung Goo Yoon, Jonghyun Tae, Jae Yoon Kim, Ji Sung Shim, Sung Gu Kang, Jun Cheon, Jeong Gu Lee, Je Jong Kim, Seok Ho Kang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) as a diagnostic tool for detecting bladder tumors during cystoscopy compared with white light cystoscopy (WLC). Materials and Methods: From December 2013 to June 2017, a randomized prospective study was conducted on 198 patients underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor by a single surgeon. The patients were divided into two groups according to diagnostic method...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Matthias May, Hans-Martin Fritsche, Christian Gilfrich, Mirja Dombrowski, Odilo Maurer, Philipp Spachmann, Manju Ganesh Kumar, Marc Bjurlin, Maximilian Burger, Sabine Brookman-May
Purpose: Smoking represents a primary risk factor for the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC) and a relevant factor impacting UC-specific prognosis. Data on the accordant knowledge of UC-patients in this regard and the significance of physicians in the education of UC-patients is limited. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight UC-patients were enrolled in a 23-items-survey-study aimed to analyse patient knowledge and awareness of their tumor disease with smoking along with physician smoking cessation counselling...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Arjun Sivaraman, Nicole Benfante, Karim Touijer, Jonathan Coleman, Peter Scardino, Vincent Laudone, James Eastham
Purpose: To verify the quality of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) performed at radical prostatectomy (RP) and its impact on nodal recurrence in patients undergoing salvage lymph node dissection (sLND). Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent sLND for presumed nodal recurrence, to describe the PLND characteristics at RP and correlate the anatomical sites and number of suspicious nodes reported in radiological imaging and final pathology of sLND...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Xuan-Mei Piao, Young Joon Byun, Wun-Jae Kim, Jayoung Kim
Precision medicine is designed to tailor treatments for individual patients by factoring in each person's specific biology and mechanism of disease. This paradigm shifted from a "one size fits all" approach to "personalized and precision care" requires multiple layers of molecular profiling of biomarkers for accurate diagnosis and prediction of treatment responses. Intensive studies are also being performed to understand the complex and dynamic molecular profiles of bladder cancer. These efforts involve looking bladder cancer mechanism at the multiple levels of the genome, epigenome, transcriptome, proteome, lipidome, metabolome etc...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Wun-Jae Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Guan Hee Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Yu Seob Shin, Jong Kwan Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Ethan L Matz, Amy M Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
Purpose: Autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used increasingly in a variety of settings. PRP injections have been used for decades to improve angiogenesis and wound healing. They have also been offered commercially in urology with little to no data on safety or efficacy. PRP could theoretically improve multiple urologic conditions, such as erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie's disease (PD), and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A concern with PRP, however, is early washout, a situation potentially avoided by conversion to platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Dong Soo Ryu, Won Yeol Cho, Jae Min Chung, Dong Il Kang, Sang Don Lee, Sungchan Park
Purpose: Urologic diseases affected by testosterone can be associated with smaller penis size compared to the normal population. We sought to compare penile length in children with unilateral cryptorchidism and normative data from a cohort of healthy Korean boys. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 259 Korean boys (212, normal cohort; 47, cryptorchidism) aged 6-24 months, each of whom had been brought to an outpatient clinic at one of five tertiary hospitals (Gyeongsangnam-do Province) between April 2014 and June 2015...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Kang Hee Shim, Tae Woo Kim, Byung Ha Chung, Sung Won Lee, Jong Kwan Park, Kwangsung Park, Jun Cheon, Kyung Seop Lee, Hyung-Jee Kim, Do-Hwan Seong, Seung-June Oh, Sae Woong Kim, Ji Youl Lee, Seol Ho Choo, Jong Bo Choi
Purpose: To determine changes in autonomic nervous system activity after treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), we evaluated changes in patients' symptoms, uroflowmetry, and heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment with alpha-blockers for 12 weeks. Materials and Methods: Ninety-five men who had LUTS (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥8) were included in this study. We divided them into two groups on the basis of a low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratio of 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
S Mitchell Heiner, Boyd R Viers, Marcelino E Rivera, Brian J Linder, Daniel S Elliott
Purpose: Functional characteristics and durability of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) among patients who develop bladder cancer has been poorly characterized. We sought to evaluate AUS outcomes among patients subsequently diagnosed with bladder cancer, in order to describe device survivability when subject to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as cystoscopy, transurethral resection, and cystectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 1,803 male patients treated with AUS surgery at a single institution between 1983-2014...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Yusuf Özlülerden, Cihan Toktaş, Ali Ersin Zümrütbaş, Mehmet Caner Gülten, Aykut Başer, Onur Yapıcı, Zafer Aybek
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and post-void residual (PVR) urine volume. Materials and Methods: Between October 2014 and February 2015, older than 40 years patients were included in this study. Volunteers filled out a questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, comorbidities, medications, history of surgery and LUTS. Volunteers were undergone PVR measurement with transabdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Aysha Habib Khan, Sheharbano Imran, Jamsheer Talati, Lena Jafri
Purpose: To compare the results of a chemical method of kidney stone analysis with the results of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: Kidney stones collected between June and October 2015 were simultaneously analyzed by chemical and FT-IR methods. Results: Kidney stones (n=449) were collected from patients from 1 to 81 years old. Most stones were from adults, with only 11.5% from children (aged 3-16 years) and 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Muhammad Waqas, Imad-Ud-Din Saqib, Muhammad Imran Jamil, Mohammad Ayaz Khan, Saeed Akhter
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of various computed tomography scan-based parameters of renal stones on the outcome of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who underwent ESWL for renal stones (sized 5-20 mm) from January 2013 to December 2016. We evaluated body mass index, location of the stone, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), stone attenuation value (SAV), stone diameter, Hounsfield density, stone area, and stone volume...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"