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Investigative and Clinical Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333519/the-authors-reply-urethral-strictures-after-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-may-be-linked-to-slow-resection-rate
#1
Guan Hee Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333518/letter-to-the-editor-urethral-strictures-after-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-may-be-linked-to-slow-resection-rate
#2
COMMENT
Yu Seob Shin, Jong Kwan Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333517/safety-and-feasibility-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-injections-for-treatment-of-common-urologic-conditions
#3
Ethan L Matz, Amy M Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
Purpose: Autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used increasingly in a variety of settings. PRP injections have been used for decades to improve angiogenesis and wound healing. They have also been offered commercially in urology with little to no data on safety or efficacy. PRP could theoretically improve multiple urologic conditions, such as erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie's disease (PD), and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A concern with PRP, however, is early washout, a situation potentially avoided by conversion to platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333516/comparison-of-penile-length-at-6-24-months-between-children-with-unilateral-cryptorchidism-and-a-healthy-normal-cohort
#4
Dong Soo Ryu, Won Yeol Cho, Jae Min Chung, Dong Il Kang, Sang Don Lee, Sungchan Park
Purpose: Urologic diseases affected by testosterone can be associated with smaller penis size compared to the normal population. We sought to compare penile length in children with unilateral cryptorchidism and normative data from a cohort of healthy Korean boys. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 259 Korean boys (212, normal cohort; 47, cryptorchidism) aged 6-24 months, each of whom had been brought to an outpatient clinic at one of five tertiary hospitals (Gyeongsangnam-do Province) between April 2014 and June 2015...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333515/changes-in-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-after-treatment-with-alpha-blocker-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#5
Kang Hee Shim, Tae Woo Kim, Byung Ha Chung, Sung Won Lee, Jong Kwan Park, Kwangsung Park, Jun Cheon, Kyung Seop Lee, Hyung-Jee Kim, Do-Hwan Seong, Seung-June Oh, Sae Woong Kim, Ji Youl Lee, Seol Ho Choo, Jong Bo Choi
Purpose: To determine changes in autonomic nervous system activity after treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), we evaluated changes in patients' symptoms, uroflowmetry, and heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment with alpha-blockers for 12 weeks. Materials and Methods: Ninety-five men who had LUTS (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥8) were included in this study. We divided them into two groups on the basis of a low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratio of 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333514/what-is-the-fate-of-artificial-urinary-sphincters-among-men-undergoing-repetitive-bladder-cancer-treatment
#6
S Mitchell Heiner, Boyd R Viers, Marcelino E Rivera, Brian J Linder, Daniel S Elliott
Purpose: Functional characteristics and durability of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) among patients who develop bladder cancer has been poorly characterized. We sought to evaluate AUS outcomes among patients subsequently diagnosed with bladder cancer, in order to describe device survivability when subject to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as cystoscopy, transurethral resection, and cystectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 1,803 male patients treated with AUS surgery at a single institution between 1983-2014...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333513/can-feeling-of-incomplete-bladder-emptying-reflect-significant-postvoid-residual-urine-is-it-reliable-as-a-symptom-solely
#7
Yusuf Özlülerden, Cihan Toktaş, Ali Ersin Zümrütbaş, Mehmet Caner Gülten, Aykut Başer, Onur Yapıcı, Zafer Aybek
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and post-void residual (PVR) urine volume. Materials and Methods: Between October 2014 and February 2015, older than 40 years patients were included in this study. Volunteers filled out a questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, comorbidities, medications, history of surgery and LUTS. Volunteers were undergone PVR measurement with transabdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333512/fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-for-analysis-of-kidney-stones
#8
Aysha Habib Khan, Sheharbano Imran, Jamsheer Talati, Lena Jafri
Purpose: To compare the results of a chemical method of kidney stone analysis with the results of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: Kidney stones collected between June and October 2015 were simultaneously analyzed by chemical and FT-IR methods. Results: Kidney stones (n=449) were collected from patients from 1 to 81 years old. Most stones were from adults, with only 11.5% from children (aged 3-16 years) and 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333511/evaluating-the-importance-of-different-computed-tomography-scan-based-factors-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-renal-stones
#9
Muhammad Waqas, Imad-Ud-Din Saqib, Muhammad Imran Jamil, Mohammad Ayaz Khan, Saeed Akhter
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of various computed tomography scan-based parameters of renal stones on the outcome of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who underwent ESWL for renal stones (sized 5-20 mm) from January 2013 to December 2016. We evaluated body mass index, location of the stone, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), stone attenuation value (SAV), stone diameter, Hounsfield density, stone area, and stone volume...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333510/factors-associated-with-testosterone-recovery-after-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#10
Wook Nam, Se Young Choi, Sang Jun Yoo, Jeman Ryu, Jaehoon Lee, Yoon Soo Kyung, Jae Hyeon Han, Dalsan You, In Gab Jeong, Jun Hyuk Hong, Hanjong Ahn, Choung-Soo Kim
Purpose: We investigated factors affecting testosterone recovery after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) withdrawal in patients with prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent radical prostatectomy with ADT were retrospectively reviewed. In all, 221 patients were included in the analysis. Testosterone recovery was defined as supra-castration (SC) (testosterone levels in serum >50 ng/dL) or out of hypogonadism (OH) (>300 ng/dL) after ADT withdrawal...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333509/rate-and-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-infection-with-recurrence-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#11
Byung Soo Kim, Bum Sik Tae, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Chang Wook Jeong
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of pyuria and bacteriuria after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated data obtained from 363 patients who underwent TURBT between October 2012 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Hospital. Urinalysis and urine culture were assessed at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Primary endpoint was the rate of bacteriuria (≥105/mL in a midstream) and pyuria (white blood cells ≥5/high-power field)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333508/role-of-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-in-the-targeted-therapy-era-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Herney A García-Perdomo, James A Zapata-Copete, Diego F Castillo-Cobaleda
Purpose: To determine the effectiveness and harm of cytoreductive nephrectomy versus no intervention in patients with metastatic renal carcinoma who undergo targeted therapy to improve overall survival. Materials and Methods: A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Embase, HTA, DARE, NHS, and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted for unpublished literature through references from relevant articles identified through the search, conferences, thesis databases, OpenGrey, Google Scholar, and clinicaltrials...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333507/platinum-open-access-journal-in-urology
#13
EDITORIAL
Kwangsung Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279882/new-therapeutic-directions-to-treat-underactive-bladder
#14
REVIEW
Toby C Chai, Tambudzai Kudze
Underactive bladder (UAB) is a term used to describe a constellation of symptoms that is perceived by patients suggesting bladder hypocontractility. Urodynamic measurement that suggest decreased contractility of the bladder is termed detrusor underactivity (DUA). Regulatory approved specific management options with clinically proven ability to increase bladder contractility do not currently exist. While DUA specific treatments presumably will focus on methods to increase efficiency of bladder emptying capability relying on augmenting the motor pathway in the micturition reflex, other approaches include methods to augment the sensory (afferent) contribution to the micturition reflex which could result in increased detrusor contractility...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279881/current-pharmacological-and-surgical-treatment-of-underactive-bladder
#15
REVIEW
Dae Kyung Kim
Generally accepted guidelines are not yet available on the management of underactive bladder (UAB). Although the natural history of UAB is still not fully understood, observation may be an acceptable management option in patients with tolerable lower urinary tract symptoms and little risk of upper urinary tract damage. If needed, scheduled and double voiding may be recommended as an effective and safe add-on therapy. Parasympathomimetics have been widely used for the management of UAB, but the evidence does not support clinical benefit...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279880/pathophysiology-of-the-underactive-bladder
#16
REVIEW
Naoki Aizawa, Yasuhiko Igawa
Underactive bladder (UAB), which has been described as a symptom complex suggestive of detrusor underactivity, is usually characterized by prolonged urination time with or without a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying, usually with hesitancy, reduced sensation on filling, and slow stream often with storage symptoms. Several causes such as aging, bladder outlet obstruction, diabetes mellitus, neurologic disorders, and nervous injury to the spinal cord, cauda equine, and peripheral pelvic nerve have been assumed to be responsible for the development of UAB...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279879/clinical-implications-of-underactive-bladder
#17
REVIEW
Kwang Jin Ko, Chung Un Lee, Kyu-Sung Lee
Underactive bladder (UAB) is a common urologic condition but a complex disease that causes troublesome lower urinary tract symptoms. Currently, management of UAB remains unsatisfactory. Also, many urological diseases can be combined with UAB. In these combined cases, the treatment results may be affected by UAB component. This review focuses on the clinical implications of UAB in patients with common urologic conditions, including bladder outlet obstruction, overactive bladder syndrome and stress urinary incontinence...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279878/epidemiology-of-underactive-bladder-common-but-underresearched
#18
REVIEW
Young Dong Yu, Seong Jin Jeong
Detrusor underactivity (DU) or underactive bladder is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), but it is still poorly understood and underresearched. Although there has been a proposed definition by International Continence Society in 2002, no widely accepted diagnostic criteria have been established for this entity in clinical practice. Therefore, it has been rare to identify community-based researches on the epidemiology of DU until now. Only certain studies have reported the prevalence of DU in community-dwelling cohorts with significant LUTS using arbitrary urodynamic criteria for DU and these investigations have indicated that DU accounts for 25%-48% and 12%-24% of elderly men and women, respectively...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279877/definition-and-symptoms-of-underactive-bladder
#19
REVIEW
Alan D Uren, Marcus J Drake
Underactive bladder (UAB) is a symptom syndrome reflecting the urodynamic observation of detrusor underactivity (DU), a voiding contraction of reduced strength and/or duration, leading to prolonged or incomplete bladder emptying. An International Continence Society Working Group has described UAB as characterised by a slow urinary stream, hesitancy and straining to void, with or without a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying and dribbling, often with storage symptoms. Since DU often coexists with bladder outlet obstruction, or storage dysfunction (detrusor overactivity or incontinence), the exact contribution of the DU to the presenting complaints can be difficult to establish...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279876/underactive-bladder
#20
EDITORIAL
Kyu-Sung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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