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Investigative and Clinical Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480348/antiurolithic-effect-of-olive-oil-in-a-mouse-model-of-ethylene-glycol-induced-urolithiasis
#1
Mohammed Alenzi, Shaik Rahiman, Bilal Ahmad Tantry
PURPOSE: At present, commercially available antiurolithic drugs have more adverse effects than potential therapeutic or preventive effects with chronic use. With this in mind, the present study was designed to assess the antiurolithic effect of olive oil in a mouse model of ethylene glycol (EG)-induced urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult albino mice were divided into 6 groups. Group I was fed the vehicle only. Group II was supplemented with 0.75% EG alone in drinking water during the experimental period to initiate deposition of calcium oxalate in kidneys, which leads to urolithiasis in animals...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480347/what-are-the-differences-between-older-and-younger-patients-with-epididymitis
#2
Fukashi Yamamichi, Katsumi Shigemura, Soichi Arakawa, Masato Fujisawa
PURPOSE: According to the aging of society and the spread of antibiotic-resistant strains, it is worth considering the different aspects of epididymitis (EP) in older and younger patients, even though the etiology and therapeutic strategies of this disease are considered to be established. Thus, we investigated how age affects EP-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were gathered from 7 hospitals in Hyogo, Japan, and the correlations of age (older or younger) with urine findings such as pyuria or bacteriuria and EP-related symptoms such as fever were investigated...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480346/measuring-change-in-prostate-size-after-holmium-laser-enucleation-a-prospective-study
#3
Jin Kyu Oh, Kwang-Pil Ko, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: To analyze postoperative outcomes of prostate surgery, resected specimen weight is commonly used. The difference between the preoperative calculated transitional zone volume and actual enucleated specimen weight following holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is reported at over 20%. The reason for this difference is unclear. We assessed the association of volume of the prostatic adenoma with enucleated weight, the volume and calculated volume of the adenoma by pre- and postoperative ultrasonographic measurement...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480345/thulium-laser-vaporesection-of-the-prostate-can-we-operate-without-interrupting-oral-antiplatelet-anticoagulant-therapy
#4
Tarik Emre Sener, Salvatore Butticè, Luciano Macchione, Christopher Netsch, Yiloren Tanidir, Laurian Dragos, Rosa Pappalardo, Carlo Magno
PURPOSE: Thulium vaporesection of the prostate (ThuVARP) is a new and safe approach for patients receiving anticoagulant therapy in whom transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) may possess a high bleeding risk. We aimed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of ThuVARP in patients receiving oral antiplatelet/anticoagulant (OAP/OAC) therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 103 patients who underwent ThuVARP between 2011 and 2013 were enrolled in the study...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480344/urethral-strictures-after-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-may-be-linked-to-slow-resection-rate
#5
Guan Hee Tan, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Nurayub Md Ali, Eng Hong Goh, Praveen Singam, Christopher Chee Kong Ho, Zulkifli Md Zainuddin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the urethral stricture (US) rate and identify clinical and surgical risk factors associated with US occurrence after transurethral resection of the prostate using the bipolar Gyrus PlasmaKinetic Tissue Management System (PK-TURP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an age-matched case-control study of US occurrence after PK-TURP. Retrospective data were collected from the hospital records of patients who had a minimum of 36 months of follow-up information...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480343/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-bernoulli-maneuver-on-operative-time-during-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-prospective-randomized-study
#6
Nariman Gadzhiev, Brovkin Sergei, Vladislav Grigoryev, Zhamshid Okhunov, Arvind Ganpule, Aleksei Pisarev, Yerbol Iskakov, Sergei Petrov
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 'Bernoulli maneuver' (bringing the access sheath to horizontal plane) on operative time and stone free rates in patients undergoing mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients with a solitary kidney stone undergoing a mini-PCNL between 2015 and 2016 were included into this study. Patients were randomized either to standard prone or control (C) group patients or to tilted prone with 'Bernoulli maneuver' group (B) patients...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480342/a-preliminary-oncologic-outcome-and-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-initial-experience
#7
Satoru Muto, Kousuke Kitamura, Takeshi Ieda, Fumitaka Shimizu, Masayoshi Nagata, Shuji Isotani, Hisamitsu Ide, Raizo Yamaguchi, Shigeo Horie
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) was originally intended to replace open radical cystectomy (ORC) as a minimally invasive surgery for patients with invasive bladder cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the advantages of robotic surgery, comparing perioperative and oncologic outcomes between RARC and ORC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2012 and August 2016, 49 bladder cancer patients were given a radical cystectomy, 21 robotically and 28 by open procedure...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480341/updated-clinical-results-of-active-surveillance-of-very-low-risk-prostate-cancer-in-korean-men-8-years-of-follow-up
#8
Ji Yong Ha, Teak Jun Shin, Wonho Jung, Byung Hoon Kim, Choal Hee Park, Chun Il Kim
PURPOSE: Update and reanalysis of our experience of active surveillance (AS) for prostate cancer (PCa) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-arm, cohort study was initiated in January 2008. Patients were selected according to the following criteria: Gleason sum ≤6 with single positive core with ≤30% core involvement, clinical stage≤T1c, prostate-specific antigen (PSA)≤10 ng/mL, and negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results. Follow-up was by PSA measurement every 6 months, prostate biopsies at 1 year and then every 2-3 years, and MRI every year...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480340/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-has-lower-biochemical-recurrence-than-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Seon Heui Lee, Hyun Ju Seo, Na Rae Lee, Soo Kyung Son, Dae Keun Kim, Koon Ho Rha
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) versus laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in the treatment of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing systematic reviews were updated to investigate the effectiveness and safety of RARP. Electronic databases, including Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, the Cochrane Library, KoreaMed, Kmbase, and others, were searched through July 2014. The quality of the selected systematic reviews was assessed by using the revised assessment of multiple systematic reviews (R-Amstar) and the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480339/is-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-an-infectious-disease-of-the-prostate
#10
EDITORIAL
J Curtis Nickel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261686/the-authors-reply-phosphorus-as-predictive-factor-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-korea
#11
Seung Ki Min, Kwi Bok Choi, Soon Ki Kim, Gyeong In Lee, In-Chang Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261685/letter-to-the-editor-phosphorus-as-predictive-factor-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-korea-methodological-issues-to-avoid-prediction-fallacy
#12
COMMENT
Reza Pakzad, Saeid Safiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261684/evaluation-of-zinc-finger-e-box-binding-homeobox-1-and-transforming-growth-factor-beta2-expression-in-bladder-cancer-tissue-in-comparison-with-healthy-adjacent-tissue
#13
Ali Mahdavinezhad, Reza Yadegarazari, Seyed Habibollah Mousavi-Bahar, Jalal Poorolajal, Mohammad Jafari, Mohammad Ali Amirzargar, Hosein Effatpanah, Massoud Saidijam
PURPOSE: The fifth most common cancer is allocated to bladder cancer (BC) worldwide. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of BC invasion and metastasis to identify target therapeutic strategies will improve disease survival. So the aim of this study was to measure expression rate of zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) and transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-β2) mRNA in tissue samples of patients with BC and its healthy adjacent tissue samples and their association with muscle invasion, size and grade of the tumor...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261683/botox-combined-with-myofascial-release-physical-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-myofascial-pelvic-pain
#14
Gabriela E Halder, Lauren Scott, Allison Wyman, Nelsi Mora, Branko Miladinovic, Renee Bassaly, Lennox Hoyte
PURPOSE: To report the effects of combined onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injections and myofascial release physical therapy on myofascial pelvic pain (MFPP) by comparing pre- and posttreatment average pelvic pain scores, trigger points, and patient self-reported pelvic pain. Secondary outcomes were to examine posttreatment complications and determine demographic differences between patients with/without an improvement in pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an Institutional Review Board approved retrospective case series on women over 18 years with MFPP who received Botox and physical therapy between July 2006 and November 2014...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261682/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-readjustable-midurethral-sling-remeex-system-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-female-voiding-dysfunction
#15
Jae-Wook Chung, Eun Sang Yoo
PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy and safety of a readjustable midurethral sling (Remeex system) for stress urinary incontinence with female voiding dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to December 2015, 151 women received the Remeex system. We excluded patients who presented with pelvic organ prolapse and/or who missed the regular follow-up. Finally, 102 patients were included in the study, and we divided them into 2 groups: group A (n=74), who did not present with female voiding dysfunction and group B (n=28), who presented with female voiding dysfunction...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261681/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-estrogen-receptors-in-prostate-and-clinical-correlation-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#16
Goto Gangkak, Rohit Bhattar, Alka Mittal, Sher Singh Yadav, Vinay Tomar, Ajay Yadav, Jayanti Mehta
PURPOSE: Estrogens act through interaction with 2 receptor subtypes, ER alpha (ERα) and ER beta (ERβ), in human prostate. The aim of the present study was to semiquantitatively assess the differential expression of ER subtypes in human benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by use of immunocytochemistry (IHC) methods and to explore their relationship with various measures of BPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 patients with BPH undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate and 22 patients with bladder cancer with normal prostate undergoing surveillance cystoscopy were studied as cases and controls, respectively...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261680/long-term-adherence-to-antimuscarinic-drugs-when-treating-overactive-bladder-in-the-older-subjective-reason-and-objective-factors
#17
Kirill Vladimirovich Kosilov, Sergay Alexandrovich Loparev, Irina Gennadyevna Kuzina, Boris Izrailevich Geltser, Olga Viktorovna Shakirova, Natalya Sergeevna Zhuravskaya, Alexandra Lobodenko
PURPOSE: Comparison of subjective reasons for the refusal of antimuscarinic treatment and the state of objective economic, social, psychological and health status markers in the elderly with overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand seven hundred thirty-six (1,736) patients participated in the experiment: 1,036 or 59.7% of women, and 700 or 40.3% of men aged over 60 years (average age, 68.1 years) who took antimuscarinic (AM) drugs during the year...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261679/can-a-brief-period-of-double-j-stenting-improve-the-outcome-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-renal-calculi-sized-1-to-2-cm
#18
Rakesh Sharma, Arpan Choudhary, Ranjit Kumar Das, Supriya Basu, Ranjan Kumar Dey, Rupesh Gupta, Partha Pratim Deb
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is an established modality for renal calculi. Its role for large stones is being questioned. A novel model of temporary double J (DJ) stenting followed by ESWL was devised and outcomes were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 95 patients with renal calculi sized 1 to 2 cm. Patients were randomized into 3 groups. Group 1 received ESWL only, whereas group 2 underwent stenting followed by ESWL. In group 3, a distinct model was applied in which the stent was kept for 1 week and then removed, followed by ESWL...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261678/early-dutasteride-monotherapy-in-men-with-detectable-serum-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-following-radical-prostatectomy-a-prospective-trial
#19
Yu Seob Shin, Jea Whan Lee, Myung Ki Kim, Young Beom Jeong, Seung Chol Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of early administration of dutasteride in patients with detectable serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective open-label study, with a cumulative analysis of asymptomatic increase in PSA following RP, was conducted from January 2005 to December 2013. An early increase in PSA level was defined as detectable serum PSA level> 0.04 ng/mL. Patients with PSA level>0...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261677/prostate-specific-antigen-10-20-ng-ml-a-predictor-of-degree-of-upgrading-to-%C3%A2-8-among-patients-with-biopsy-gleason-score-6
#20
Glen Denmer R Santok, Ali Abdel Raheem, Lawrence Hc Kim, Kidon Chang, Trenton Gh Lum, Byung Ha Chung, Young Deuk Choi, Koon Ho Rha
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the predictors of upgrading and degree of upgrading among patients who have initial Gleason score (GS) 6 treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the data of 359 men with an initial biopsy GS 6, localized prostate cancer who underwent RARP between July 2005 to June 2010 was performed. They were grouped into group 1 (nonupgrade) and group 2 (upgraded) based on their prostatectomy specimen GS...
March 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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