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GMS Journal for Medical Education

Christoph Stosch, Kai P Schnabel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Kai P Schnabel, Christoph Stosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Susanne Gerhard-Szep, Arndt Güntsch, Peter Pospiech, Andreas Söhnel, Petra Scheutzel, Torsten Wassmann, Tugba Zahn
AIM: At the annual meeting of German dentists in Frankfurt am Main in 2013, the Working Group for the Advancement of Dental Education (AKWLZ) initiated an interdisciplinary working group to address assessments in dental education. This paper presents an overview of the current work being done by this working group, some of whose members are also actively involved in the German Association for Medical Education's (GMA) working group for dental education. The aim is to present a summary of the current state of research on this topic for all those who participate in the design, administration and evaluation of university-specific assessments in dentistry...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Daniela Vogel, Sigrid Harendza
OBJECTIVE: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians' daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates' performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students' learning of these skills. METHODS: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
T J Bugaj, C Nikendei
Today, skills laboratories or "skills labs", i.e. specific practical skill training facilities, are a firmly established part of medical education offering the possibility of training clinical procedures in a safe and fault-forging environment prior to real life application at bedside or in the operating room. Skills lab training follows a structured teaching concept, takes place under supervision and in consideration of methodological-didactic concepts, ideally creating an atmosphere that allows the repeated, anxiety- and risk-free practice of targeted skills...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Katja Anne Dannenberg, Fabian Stroben, Therese Schröder, Anke Thomas, Wolf E Hautz
BACKGROUND: 64% of young medical professionals in Germany do not feel adequately prepared for the practical requirements of the medical profession. The goal of "outcome-orientated training" is to structure medical curricula based on the skills needed when entering the workforce after completing undergraduate medical education, and thus to bridge the gap between the skills graduates have attained and those necessary for a career in the medical profession. Outcome frameworks (OFs) are used for this purpose...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Laura Schmitt, Andreas Möltner, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study presented here was to evaluate the reliability of an OSPE end-of-semester exam in the phantom course for operative dentistry in Frankfurt am Main taking into consideration different modes of evaluation (examiner's checklist versus instructor's manual) and number of examiners (three versus four). METHODS: In an historic, monocentric, comparative study, two different methods of evaluation were examined in a real end-of-semester setting held in OSPE form (Group I: exclusive use of an examiner's checklist versus Group II: use of an examiner's checklist including an instructor's manual)...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Tobias Münster, Christoph Stosch, Nina Hindrichs, Jeremy Franklin, Jan Matthes
INTRODUCTION: The external chest compression is a very important skill required to maintain a minimum of circulation during cardiac arrest until further medical procedures can be taken. Peyton's 4-Steps-Approach is one method of skill training, the four steps being: Demonstration, Deconstruction, Comprehension and Execution. Based on CPR skill training, this method is widely, allegedly predominantly used, although there are insufficient studies on Peyton's 4-Steps-Approach for skill training in CPR in comparison with other methods of skill training...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
S M Fünger, H Lesevic, S Rosner, I Ott, P Berberat, C Nikendei, C Sonne
BACKGROUND: Bedside courses are of outstanding importance when training medical students. The fact that less and less teaching is taking place nowadays at the patient's bedside makes it all the more important that the available time be put to effective use. The aim of this study was to check whether structured improvement measures in the course (scripts, lecturer briefing, e-learning cases) would improve the abilities of the students on the basis of a subjective self-assessment as well as an external assessment by the lecturers with respect to clinical abilities...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Sylvère Störmann, Melanie Stankiewicz, Patricia Raes, Christina Berchtold, Yvonne Kosanke, Gabrielle Illes, Peter Loose, Matthias W Angstwurm
INTRODUCTION: The clinical examination and other practical clinical skills are fundamental to guide diagnosis and therapy. The teaching of such practical skills has gained significance through legislative changes and adjustments of the curricula of medical schools in Germany. We sought to find out how well final year undergraduate medical students master practical clinical skills. METHODS: We conducted a formative 4-station objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) focused on practical clinical skills during the final year of undergraduate medical education...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Uwe Weber, Mihai A Constantinescu, Ulrich Woermann, Felix Schmitz, Kai Schnabel
INTRODUCTION: Various different learning methods are available for planning tuition regarding the introduction to surgical hand disinfection. These learning methods should help to organise and deal with this topic. The use of a video film is an alternative to conventional tuition due to the real presentation possibilities of practical demonstration. OBJECTIVE: This study examines by way of comparison which form of communication is more effective for learning and applying surgical hand disinfection for medical students in their first year of studies: video-based instruction or conventional tuition...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Hendrik Friederichs, Britta Brouwer, Bernhard Marschall, Anne Weissenstein
OBJECTIVE: Inserting peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) has been identified as a core competency for medical students. Because the performance - even of hygienic standards - of both students and novice physicians is frequently inadequate, medical faculties must focus on competence-based learning objectives and deliberate practice, features that are combined in mastery learning. Our aim was to determine the competency of students in inserting PVCs before and after an educational intervention...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Anne Karthaus, Anita Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: In preparation for the state examination, many students have open questions and a need for advice. Tutors of the Skills Lab PERLE-"Praxis ERfahren und Lernen" (experiencing and learning practical skills) have developed a new course concept to provide support and practical assistance for the examinees. OBJECTIVES: The course aims to familiarize the students with the exam situation in order to gain more confidence. This enables the students to experience a confrontation with the specific situation of the exam in a protected environment...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
C Nikendei, P Ganschow, J B Groener, S Huwendiek, A Köchel, N Köhl-Hackert, R Pjontek, J Rodrian, F Scheibe, A-K Stadler, T Steiner, J Stiepak, J Tabatabai, A Utz, M Kadmon
The competent physical examination of patients and the safe and professional implementation of clinical procedures constitute essential components of medical practice in nearly all areas of medicine. The central objective of the projects "Heidelberg standard examination" and "Heidelberg standard procedures", which were initiated by students, was to establish uniform interdisciplinary standards for physical examination and clinical procedures, and to distribute them in coordination with all clinical disciplines at the Heidelberg University Hospital...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Tina Stibane, Helmut Sitter, Despina Neuhof, Helena Wiechens, Andrea Schönbauer, Stefan Bösner, Erika Baum
Clinical skills such as history taking, diagnostic reasoning, therapy planning, and giving advice are even more complex than practical skills like lung auscultation and have to be applied in complex clinical situations. We judged this competence in an interdisciplinary formative OSCE conducted with students of Marburg University. Results of 218 students passing 643 OSCE stations composed of 37 different scenarios were analyzed. As a competence based examination that reflects the practical skills gained during clinical training, the here presented analysis serves also as a feedback instrument for clinical teachers, their respective disciplines and the medical faculty as a whole...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Christian Vajda
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are exposed to various psychosocial problems and challenges. Specific consultations services and programs can support them. "Peer2Peer" is such a consultation program and was implemented at the Medical University of Graz. It focusses on crisis intervention, psychosocial stress management, junior mentoring as well as student education in this field. Besides, it also offers student tutors of the program practical skills trainings. The program was restructured in winter term 2014/15...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Anja Timm, Clare Polack
This commentary seeks to enable comparisons about clinical skills teaching in Germany and the UK. It outlines the British regulatory environment and its impact on programme design. Through the example of the University of Southampton we show how clinical skills teaching is integrated both vertically and horizontally.
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Daniel Bauer, Sören Huwendiek, Maren März
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Marc Dilly, Christian Gruber
Since 2012, skills labs have been set up to teach practical skills at veterinary training facilities in the German-speaking world. In addition to didactic considerations, ethical points of view in terms of animal protection form the basis of the increasing significance of skills labs in veterinary medicine. Not least because of the quality standards in veterinary medicine training which apply across Europe, the link between veterinary medicine training facilities is particularly significant when it comes to the setting up and development of skills labs...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Petra Scheutzel, Susanne Gerhard-Szép
The GMA committee for dentistry of the German Society for Medical Education (GMA) considers its' main purpose the representation and interconnection of all aspects of dentistry with and within the GMA. Teaching and assessing practical skills during training is traditionally of great importance in dental education. This is also reflected in the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Dental Education (NKLZ). Practical skills are not comprised in a separate chapter as they are in the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Medical Education (NKLM), but are considered in all sections of the NKLZ for the purpose of interdisciplinary patient- or disease-specific application, targeting the educational level of acting competency...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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