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GMS Journal for Medical Education

Martin Haag, Christoph Igel, Martin R Fischer
The advancing digitization of the healthcare system requires that in the future digital skills should be communicated to students much more. In addition, digital teaching and learning technologies should be used wherever they offer real benefits over other training scenarios. To meet these challenges, it needs a national initiative "Medical Education in the Digital Age", which should be led by the Society for Medical Education and the German Association for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Linda Barthen, Gisela Ravens-Taeuber, Michael A Paulitsch, Ferdinand M Gerlach, Monika Sennekamp
Aim: Participation of medical students in the conceptual development of targeted and attractive teaching content for rural areas. Method: A questionnaire was developed to gather information on students' views of their current medical studies, career interests, and what requirements should be met by an optional rural health program in general practice. By means of an online survey in summer 2015, all medical students from the fourth preclinical semester onwards (n=2,150) at Goethe University Frankfurt were surveyed on one occasion...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Leah Theresa Braun, Benedikt Lenzer, Jan Kiesewetter, Martin R Fischer, Ralf Schmidmaier
Objective: Representations are mental summaries of a clinical case and help in understanding a clinical problem. However, it is still largely unknown which clinical information medical students include in their case representations. In this study, therefore, the structure and quality of students' case representations were examined to better understand the diagnostic process and its relationship to diagnostic accuracy. What information do medical students include in their representations and is there an association between this information and the diagnostic accuracy? Method: 43 medical students in the fourth and fifth clinical year worked on four clinical cases...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Tobias Rampel, Benedict Gross, Alexandra Zech, Stephan Prückner
Background: Simulation trainings offer the opportunity to replicate parts of or entire processes of medical care in a controlled environment. Some hospitals operate simulation centres dedicated to training their staff. Which organisational factors support or impede the implementation of such units in hospitals? Methods: In an exploratory survey experts and decision makers in German hospitals were interviewed. The answers were evaluated qualitatively in order to identify patterns in argumentation. Among the eleven participants were practitioners heading simulation centres (n=4), managers or executives in charge of finances (n=2), medical directors or head physicians with disciplinary responsibility for medical personnel (n=3), and researchers who deal with simulation trainings in medicine (n=2)...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Natalie Rausch, Sigrid Harendza
Background: The Medical Licensure Act prescribes a total of four months of clinical electives in which the medical students are to work in a self-organized manner in outpatient and inpatient care. Since no specific learning objectives or learning content are given and students come into contact with different structures of outpatient and inpatient care, the learning success in a clinical elective is often rather random. In order to make self-organized learning (SOL) in clinical electives as effective as possible, we identified factors in the area of inpatient care that have an influence on SOL and thus the learning success during a clinical elective...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Julia Knauber, Anna-Katharina König, Tobias Herion, Julia Tabatabai, Martina Kadmon, Christoph Nikendei
Background: The physical examination (PE) of patients is a core competence in almost all medical disciplines. The teaching materials "Heidelberger Standard Examination", consisting of a handbook and accompanying videos, were developed with the objective of providing medical students with an innovative faculty-wide teaching and examination standard to sustainably advance students' PE competences during medical training. Methods: In a "mixed-method approach" comprising both quantitative and qualitative measures, our study examined Heidelberg University Hospital final year (FY) medical students' use and evaluation of the individual teaching material components...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Elvira Pippel, Elisabeth Narciß, Udo Obertacke, Renate Strohmer, Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns
Introduction: Imparting the concept of physician's roles with the help of new teaching formats is becoming increasingly important in medical education. The "ambulatory care simulation" was developed at the Medical Faculty Mannheim as a format to teach the roles of "medical expert," "communicator", "health advocate", "manager", "team member" and "professional" in the practical year. During the "ambulatory care simulation", students work through case scenarios with simulated patients focusing on the physician's roles and subsequently discussing and reflecting on their experiences...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Leonard Westermann, Barbara Zisimidou, Marvin Simons, Rene Zellweger, Dominik Baschera
Background: Clinical training concepts of medical students differ in the various European countries. The goal of this paper is to study the differences at the beginning of medical practice in specific clinical skills on an international level. Methods: The data were collected by a publically accessible online questionnaire online from February to June 2010. The participants in the study were recruited through the official letter sent by deaneries and student organisations. Two thousand nine hundred and seven medical students participated in the online survey...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Jan M Zottmann, Peter Dieckmann, Tatjana Taraszow, Marcus Rall, Frank Fischer
Aims: In addition to medical facts, medical students participating in simulation-based training are supposed to acquire general knowledge, e.g. heuristics to cope with critical incidents. While active participation is considered a major benefit of this kind of training, a large portion of students' time is often spent observing peers acting in the simulator. Thus, we instructionally supported learners with a collaboration script (i.e., a set of scaffolds that distribute roles and activities among learners in group learning situations) during observational phases of a simulation-based training...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Christoph Müller, Saskia Füngerlings, Daniel Tolks
This position paper describes the legal framework requirements when crediting digital teaching formats towards the teaching load in higher education medical teaching, as exemplified by the Federal State of Bavaria in Germany. It reveals the need for precise rules adapted to the advances in technology, if the process of digitalisation in higher education (HE) is not to come to a halt. If HE institutions are to act as centres of innovation with respect to the implementation of digital teaching and learning formats, then structural and strategic positioning with regard to e- and blended learning above all is called for in addition to financial resources, as well as the distribution and sustainable incorporation of digital offerings in faculties and HE institutions...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
André L Mihaljevic, Jochen Schmidt, Anika Mitzkat, Pascal Probst, Theresa Kenngott, Johanna Mink, Christoph A Fink, Alexej Ballhausen, Jessy Chen, Aylin Cetin, Lisa Murrmann, Gisela Müller, Cornelia Mahler, Burkhard Götsch, Birgit Trierweiler-Hauke
Background: Deficits in care and impaired patient-safety have been linked to inefficient interprofessional collaborative practice. Interprofessional training wards (IPTW) are an interprofessional educational intervention which aim to enable students and trainees from different health professions to work self-responsibly in order to manage the medical treatment and rehabilitation of real-life patients together as an interprofessional team. We aimed to develop and implement Germany´s first IPTW at the department of Surgery at Heidelberg University Hospital...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Julia Schreitmüller, Jan C Becker, Daniel Zsebedits, Marvin Weskott, Mahboobeh Dehghan-Nayyeri, Christian Fegeler, Matthias Heue, Margarethe Hochleitner, Andrea Kindler-Röhrborn, Bettina Pfleiderer
Goal: Knowledge about sex/gender aspects in medicine is often lacking, even though this serves as base for individualized patient-centered care. Thus we developed an online exchange platform on sex and gender aspects in medicine: "GenderMed-Wiki" []. This was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF; FKZ: 01FP1506). Our goal is to facilitate the integration of sex and gender in all areas of medicine. Therefore we evaluated if "GenderMed-Wiki" is suitable to provide knowledge on sex and gender aspects in medicine adequately...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Jan Schildmann, Sabine Salloch, Tim Peters, Tanja Henking, Jochen Vollmann
Objective: The presentation and discussion of the content, methodology and evaluation results of a course on "Risks and Errors in Medical Science", adopting an integrated approach for the teaching of ethical, legal and communicative aspects. Method: Written, structured evaluation using the adapted evaluation form "Evasys" as well as open questions on positive and negative aspects of the course and assessment of the effects thereof from the participants' viewpoint. The free text responses are evaluated according to the principles of qualitative content analysis...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Katrin Werwick, Kirstin Winkler-Stuck, Bernt-Peter Robra
Background/Objectives: For the winter semester 2012/13, the Medical School of Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg introduced the HAM-Nat test (Hamburg Assessment Test for Medical Degrees - Natural Sciences Section) for the selection of its study applicants with the aim of improving the academic success of their students in the pre-clinical part which has a heavy emphasis on natural sciences. The study examines the extent to which the new University Selection Procedure (AdH) influences two criteria for measuring students' success, compliance with the standard period of study up until the first part of the medical state exam (M1) and its result...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Thomas Rotthoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Claudia Mews, Sylvie Schuster, Christian Vajda, Heide Lindtner-Rudolph, Luise E Schmidt, Stefan Bösner, Leyla Güzelsoy, Frank Kressing, Houda Hallal, Tim Peters, Margarita Gestmann, Linn Hempel, Tatjana Grützmann, Erika Sievers, Michael Knipper
Introduction: Routine medical care in Germany, Austria and Switzerland is being increasingly impacted by the cultural and linguistic diversity of an ever more complex world. Both at home and as part of international student exchanges, medical students are confronted with different ways of thinking and acting in relation to health and disease. Despite an increasing number of courses on cultural competence and global health at German-speaking medical schools, systematic approaches are lacking on how to integrate this topic into medical curricula...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Thomas Shiozawa-Bayer, Thorsten Schäfer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Olaf Bahlmann
Illustrated Multiple-choice questions (iMCQs) form an integral part of written tests in anatomy. In iMCQs, the written question refers to various types of figures, e. g. X-ray images, micrographs of histological sections, or drawings of anatomical structures. Since the inclusion of images in MCQs might affect item performance we compared characteristics of anatomical items tested with iMCQs and non-iMCQs in seven tests of anatomy courses and in two written parts of the first section of the German Medical Licensing Examination (M1)...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
B Buchberger, J T Mattivi, C Schwenke, C Katzer, H Huppertz, J Wasem
Introduction: An essential aim of courses in evidence-based medicine (EBM) is to improve the skills for reading and interpreting medical literature adequately. Regarding the conceptual framework, it is important to consider different educational levels. Aim: Our primary aim was to investigate the applicability of different instruments for the assessment of methodological study quality by 3rd grade students after short courses in EBM. Our secondary outcomes were agreement with expert assessments and student's knowledge and competences...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Heinz Hans Florian Buchner, Christoph Burger, Jan P Ehlers
Objective: Despite the fact that feedback (FB) provided by teachers to students is a recognised, effective teaching tool, successful use of feedback during clinical training depends on many factors. In addition to appropriate training and attitude of teachers, sustainable feedback requires an appropriate teaching culture and active commitment on the part of the students to receive, accept and use FB. This study examines the use of two different clinical encounter cards (CECs) during clinical rotation and investigates whether students take a more active part in the feedback process when using these cards...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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