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Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991775/evidence-based-practice-in-using-antibiotics-for-acute-tonsillitis-in-primary-care-practice
#1
Valentina Risteska Nejashmikj, Snezana Stojkovska, Irena Kondova Topuzovska, Katarina Stavrikj
The increased use of antibiotics for acute tonsillitis is a public health problem. 80% of the antibiotic prescriptions for acute tonsillitis are done in the Primary Care practice (PCP). The inappropriate use of the antibiotic causes bacterial resistance and treatment failure. Only patients with acute tonsillitis caused by Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) have benefit of the antibiotic treatment, which is a predict cause in 5-20%. In order to assess the antibiotic prescribing for acute tonsillitis by the doctors in the PCP in Macedonia we use the data from the national project about antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections which was conducted in November 2014 during a period of 4 weeks as part of the E-quality program sponsored by the IPCRG...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991774/giant-mediastinal-thymic-cyst
#2
Goran Kondov, Borislav Kondov, Marija Jovanovska Srceva, Goge Damjanovski, Imran Ferati, Ivan Karapetrov, Irena Kondova Topuzovska, Nikolina Tanevska, Anita Kokareva
The authors present a rare case of giant mediastinal cyst which arises from the thymus gland, and goes down in both pleural spaces, especially in the right chest cavity where a dominant part of the cyst was present. The cyst was full with 2.5 liters of transparent fluid, and compressed surrounding structures - heart and both lungs, especially the right one which was partially collapsed. The patient was a 52 years old woman, without any clinical symptoms. Accidentally, on the screened chest X-ray a shading in the distal third of the right chest was detected...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991773/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-a-novel-biomarker-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#3
REVIEW
Aikaterini Papagianni
Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF)-23 increase is considered one of the earliest biochemical abnormalities in chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Furthermore, accumulating data have provided evidence of a link between increased FGF-23 levels and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in CKD patients as well as in several other populations including cardiology patients and general population. The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the deleterious effect of FGF-23 on the cardiovascular system are not yet completely defined and are the focus of intense research...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991772/prevalence-of-depression-anxiety-and-insomnia-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-their-co-relation-with-the-demographic-variables
#4
H K Aggarwal, Deepak Jain, Geeta Dabas, R K Yadav
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging health problem in both developed and developing countries. Depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with chronic disease, but remain undertreated despite significant negative consequences on patients' health. Assessment of key components of mental health early in disease course will help to identify high risk subjects in whom modifying these predictors will help in providing active and healthy life in CKD patients...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991771/surgical-treatment-of-pleural-empyema-our-results
#5
Goran Kondov, Zoran Spirovski, Irena Kondova-Topuzovska, Anita Kokareva, Risto Colanceski, M Srceva, Borislav Kondov, I Dzikovski, N Toleska-Dimitrovska, Sanja Petrusevska-Marinkovic
Pleural infection is a frequent clinical condition. Prompt treatment has been shown to reduce morbidity, mortality and duration of hospital stay. Unfortunately, advanced stages of empyema need to use extensive surgery - decortications or thoracoplasty. Early recognition of the parapneumonic effusion and the adequate treatment with thoracentesis or pleural drainage, which is minimally invasive, is possible not to prograde the process and not to become empyema. AIM: To analyze the results of the surgical treatment in patients with empyema treated at Clinic for thoracic surgery...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991770/transition-towards-transradial-approach-improves-outcomes-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-pci
#6
Oliver Kalpak, Donco Donev, Hristo Pejkov, Slobodan Antov, Gjorgji Kalpak, Sasko Kedev
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Transradial (TRA) instead of transfemoral (TFA) approach strategy has been presented in research literature as superior access strategy especially for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). There is a paucity of registry-based data of outcomes from default TRA strategy compared to TFA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All-comers STEMI PCI institutional Registry identified 1808 consecutive patients in time-frame of 40 months from 2007 to 2010, without making any exclusions...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991769/let-s-go-bananas-gren-bananas-and-their-health-benefits
#7
Vasso Apostolopoulos, Juliana Antonipillai, Kathy Tangalakis, John F Ashton, Lily Stojanovska
Bananas have enormous health benefits as a food for both animals and humans. They have been used as a complimentary medicine to treat pathological conditions since ancient times. Recently, there has been increased interest in the scientific validity of the beneficial effects of bananas in alleviating and treating disease conditions including, ulcers, infections, diabetes, diarrhea, colitis and blood pressure. Herein, we write on the potential therapeutic and functional benefits of certain species of bananas when consumed green as well as considering the properties of extracts from the non-fruit parts of the plant...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991768/peripheral-arterial-disease-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
REVIEW
Marijan Bosevski
There are two points of interplay of chronic kidney (CKD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD): CKD has been recognized as one of the main factors for presence of PAD, and PAD has been defined as a useful tool for risk stratification of CKD population. Peripheral arterial disease in patients with CKD is a frequent finding, even in those without symptoms. This review tends to describe determinants for occurrence of arterial disease in chronic kidney disease patients and necessity for its screening.
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991767/anorexia-anormal-phobia-of-normal-weight
#9
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec, Aneta Demerdzieva
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder of feeding behavior associated with distortion of body image, mood disturbance and a wide variety of hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. It is supposed that the disease could be the consequence of a combination of cultural-social, psychological and biological factors. Our study confirmed that anorexia mentalis is a serious, life threatening disorder which in our country appears earlier than it was expected and that is strongly related to environmental factors (family, school, fashion, society)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991766/comparative-analysis-of-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheterization-compared-to-blind-catheterization
#10
Darko Sazdov, Marija Jovanovski Srceva, Zorka Nikolova Todorova
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheterization is performed by the landmark method and ultrasound guided method. The purpose of the study was to compare the success, average number of attempts, average time to return of blood, and complication rate between the two methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study done in the Intensive Care Unit of the Acibadem Sistina Clinical Hospital, in Skopje. There were 400 patients in need of central venous catheter and they were prospectively randomized in two groups...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991765/effects-of-serenoa-repens-alcohol-extract-on-benign-prostate-hyperplasia
#11
Skender Saidi, Sotir Stavridis, Oliver Stankov, Sasho Dohcev, Sasho Panov
An increasing tendency has recently emerged for the use of phytotherapeutic agents as alternative to commercial pharmacological agents for the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Serenoa repens alcohol extract treatment on BPH patients' symptoms and major parameters during one-year follow-up. The study was performed on 70 men aged 40 - 79 years (mean 60.58) with symptomatic BPH that were divided into a group of 40 patients treated with Serenoa repens extract (SRT) and a control group of 30 patients that received no treatment and were observed only...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991764/hypoglycaemia-in-the-newborn
#12
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Sanja Ivanovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
AIM: Severe neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. The aim was to assess the frequency and severity of HG in a population of newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 739 patients with neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) (M:F=370:369) born at the University Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetritics in Skopje in the period 2014-2016 and treated at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991763/normal-values-of-tissue-muscle-perfusion-indexes-of-lower-limbs-obtained-with-a-scintigraphic-method
#13
Nevena Manevska, Sinisa Stojanoski, Daniela Pop Gjorceva, Lidija Todorovska, Daniela Miladinova, Beti Zafirova
Introduction Muscle perfusion is a physiologic process that can undergo quantitative assessment and thus define the range of normal values of perfusion indexes and perfusion reserve. The investigation of the microcirculation has a crucial role in determining the muscle perfusion. Materials and method The study included 30 examinees, 24-74 years of age, without a history of confirmed peripheral artery disease and all had normal findings on Doppler ultrasonography and pedo-brachial index of lower extremity (PBI)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991762/hemodynamic-and-bispectral-changes-during-pin-insertion-in-craniotomy-effect-of-locally-infiltrated-bupivacaine
#14
Vesna Durnev, Marija Soljakova, Venko Filipce, Maja Mojsova Mijovska, Marina Temelkovska Stevanovska
Introduction Cranial pins insertion is a method for head stabilization and together with the scalp incision is one of the biggest noxious stimulus associated with arousal and rapid increase of the blood pressure leading to pathological increase of the intracranial pressure. The aim of this investigation is to study the superiority of the locally infiltrated anesthetic bupivacaine just before the skull pin insertion and the scalp incision in craniotomy under general anesthesia. Methods In the study thirty patients of both genders aged 24-72 years were included...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991761/dimensional-stability-and-acuracy-of-silicone-based-impression-materials-using-different-impression-techniques-a-literature-review
#15
Borjan Naumovski, Biljana Kapushevska
A quality-made dental impression is a prerequisite for successful fixed-prosthodontic fabrication and is directly dependent on the dimensional stability, accuracy and flexibility of the elastomeric impression materials, as well as on the appropriately used impression techniques. The purpose of this paper is to provide a literature review of relevant scientific papers which discuss the use of various silicone impression materials, different impression techniques and to evaluate their impact on the dimensional stability and accuracy of the obtained impressions...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#16
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991759/the-importance-of-perioperative-prophylaxis-with-cefuroxime-or-ceftriaxone-in-the-surgical-site-infections-prevention-after-cranial-and-spinal-neurosurgical-procedures
#17
Aleksandra Dimovska-Gavrilovska, Aleksandar Chaparoski, Andreja Gavrilovski, Zvonko Milenkovikj
Introduction Surgical site infections pose a significant problem in the treatment of neurosurgical procedures, regardless of the application of perioperative prophylaxis with systemic antibiotics. The infection rate in these procedures ranges from less than 1% to above 15%. Different antibiotics and administration regimes have been used in the perioperative prophylaxis so far, and there are numerous comparative studies regarding their efficiency, however, it is generally indicated that the choice thereof should be based on information and local specifics connected to the most probable bacterial causers, which would possibly contaminate the surgical site and cause infection, and moreover, the mandatory compliance with the principles of providing adequate concentration of the drug at the time of the anticipated contamination...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593898/clinical-evaluation-of-root-end-resection-bevel-in-periapical-surgery
#18
Marina Kacarska
Root end resections play an important role in the success of periapical surgery. Beveling of the root end resections can vary significantly depending on the surgical technique, the root and canal morphology. The intention of this article was to clinically assess the root resections bevels and to estimate their relation to applied periapical surgeries. A prospective clinical study consisted of sixty periapical surgeries performed on teeth with chronic periapical lesions. Thirty periapical surgeries were performed in a conventional manner, while thirty were contemporary ultrasonic surgeries...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593897/factors-that-influence-the-virological-response-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-treated-with-pegylated-interferon-and-ribavirin
#19
Beti Todorovska, Nenad Joksimovic, Viktorija Caloska-Ivanova, Magdalena Dimitrova-Genadieva, Meri Trajkovska, Elena Curakova, Sanja Kiprijanovska, Beti Zafirova-Ivanovska, Vladimir Serafimoski
INTRODUCTION: The success of the antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C depends on the factors related to the virus and the host. The aim of the study is the analysis of the antiviral therapy which is a combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin, considering various factors that will identify the predictors of the sustained virological response. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 226 patients, divided in two groups. Patients with sustained virological response and patients without sustained virological response were compared in terms of the following factors: genotype, viral load, gender, age, inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the liver, metabolic abnormalities, obesity and fatty liver...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593896/synergistic-effect-of-hyperoxia-and-biotrauma-on-ventilator-induced-lung-injury
#20
Mirjana Shosholcheva, Nikola –ąankulovski, Andrijan Kartalov, Biljana Kuzmanovska, Daniela Miladinova
Patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs) may develop ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Beside the high tidal volume (Vt) and plateau pressure (Pplat), hyperoxia is supposed to precipitate lung injury. Oxygen toxicity is presumed to occur at levels of fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) exceeding 0.40. The exposure time to hyperoxia is certainly very important and patients who spend extended time on mechanical ventilation (MV) are probably more exposed to severe hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI)...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
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