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JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229592/a-human-centered-platform-for-hiv-infection-reduction-in-new-york-development-and-usage-analysis-of-the-ending-the-epidemic-ete-dashboard
#1
Ashish Joshi, Chioma Amadi, Benjamin Katz, Sarah Kulkarni, Denis Nash
BACKGROUND: Dashboards have been increasingly used in clinic-based interventions, such as clinical performance improvement and monitoring risk of hospital readmissions, and are now gaining traction in population-based interventions, especially in disease assessment. OBJECTIVE: We describe the design, development, and usage analysis of a geovisualization dashboard, the Ending the Epidemic (ETE) Dashboard. The ETE dashboard is a tool developed to track New York's progress towards achieving the goal of its ETE Initiative, to reduce new HIV infections from 3000 per year to 750 per year by the end of 2020...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208587/hiv-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-evolution-and-current-direction
#2
Jacob Dee, Jesus M Garcia Calleja, Kimberly Marsh, Irum Zaidi, Christopher Murrill, Mahesh Swaminathan
Since the late 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sentinel serosurveillance among pregnant women attending select antenatal clinics (ANCs) based on unlinked anonymous testing (UAT) has provided invaluable information for tracking HIV prevalence and trends and informing global and national HIV models in most countries with generalized HIV epidemics. However, increased coverage of HIV testing, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), and antiretroviral therapy has heightened ethical concerns about UAT...
December 5, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196278/discrepancies-between-classic-and-digital-epidemiology-in-searching-for-the-mayaro-virus-preliminary-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-google-trends
#3
Mohammad Adawi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital, Naim Mahroum
BACKGROUND: Mayaro virus (MAYV), first discovered in Trinidad in 1954, is spread by the Haemagogus mosquito. Small outbreaks have been described in the past in the Amazon jungles of Brazil and other parts of South America. Recently, a case was reported in rural Haiti. OBJECTIVE: Given the emerging importance of MAYV, we aimed to explore the feasibility of exploiting a Web-based tool for monitoring and tracking MAYV cases. METHODS: Google Trends is an online tracking system...
December 1, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158208/syndromic-surveillance-models-using-web-data-the-case-of-influenza-in-greece-and-italy-using-google-trends
#4
Loukas Samaras, Elena García-Barriocanal, Miguel-Angel Sicilia
BACKGROUND: An extended discussion and research has been performed in recent years using data collected through search queries submitted via the Internet. It has been shown that the overall activity on the Internet is related to the number of cases of an infectious disease outbreak. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to define a similar correlation between data from Google Trends and data collected by the official authorities of Greece and Europe by examining the development and the spread of seasonal influenza in Greece and Italy...
November 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141838/online-perceptions-of-mothers-about-breastfeeding-and-introducing-formula-qualitative-study
#5
Anna Lena Wennberg, Sanna Jonsson, Josefine Zadik Janke, Åsa Hörnsten
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of breastfeeding are well established for babies and their mothers, many women give formula to their infants. Whether to breastfeed or to give infant formula is a complex decision to make. Many parents use the Internet to find information and support that relate to infant feeding decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions of mothers, who are discussing the topic on Web forums, about introducing infant formula...
November 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138130/check-and-report-ebola-care-hotline-the-user-perspective-of-an-innovative-tool-for-postarrival-monitoring-of-ebola-in-the-united-states
#6
Ilana Olin McCarthy, Abbey E Wojno, Heather A Joseph, Scott Teesdale
BACKGROUND: The response to the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic included an unprecedented effort from federal, state, and local public health authorities to monitor the health of travelers entering the United States from countries with Ebola outbreaks. The Check and Report Ebola (CARE) Hotline, a novel approach to monitoring, was designed to enable travelers to report their health status daily to an interactive voice recognition (IVR) system. The system was tested with 70 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) federal employees returning from deployments in outbreak countries...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#7
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109072/factors-associated-with-access-to-hiv-testing-and-primary-care-among-migrants-living-in-europe-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Ibidun Fakoya, Débora Álvarez-Del Arco, Andrew J Copas, Bryan Teixeira, Koen Block, Anne-Francoise Gennotte, Alain Volny-Anne, Janneke P Bil, Giota Touloumi, Julia Del Amo, Fiona M Burns
BACKGROUND: There is a heavy and disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among migrant communities living in Europe. Despite this, the published evidence related to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment needs for migrants is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with access to primary care and HIV testing among migrant groups living in Europe. METHODS: A Web-based survey (available in 14 languages) was open to all people aged 18 years and older, living outside their country of birth in the World Health Organization (WHO) European area...
November 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109071/health-information-seeking-patterns-of-the-general-public-and-indications-for-disease-surveillance-register-based-study-using-lyme-disease
#9
Samuli Pesälä, Mikko J Virtanen, Jussi Sane, Pekka Mustonen, Minna Kaila, Otto Helve
BACKGROUND: People using the Internet to find information on health issues, such as specific diseases, usually start their search from a general search engine, for example, Google. Internet searches such as these may yield results and data of questionable quality and reliability. Health Library is a free-of-charge medical portal on the Internet providing medical information for the general public. Physician's Databases, an Internet evidence-based medicine source, provides medical information for health care professionals (HCPs) to support their clinical practice...
November 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097352/examining-e-loyalty-in-a-sexual-health-website-cross-sectional-study
#10
Alexandra Nunn, Rik Crutzen, Devon Haag, Cathy Chabot, Anna Carson, Gina Ogilvie, Jean Shoveller, Mark Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Web-based sexual health resources are typically evaluated in terms of their efficacy. Information is lacking about how sexual health promotion websites are perceived and used. It is essential to understand website use to address challenges with adherence and attrition to Web-based health interventions. An existing theoretical framework for examining loyalty to electronic health (eHealth) interventions has been not yet been applied in the context of sexual health promotion nor has the association between e-loyalty and intended intervention efficacy outcomes been investigated...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092812/combining-participatory-influenza-surveillance-with-modeling-and-forecasting-three-alternative-approaches
#11
John S Brownstein, Shuyu Chu, Achla Marathe, Madhav V Marathe, Andre T Nguyen, Daniela Paolotti, Nicola Perra, Daniela Perrotta, Mauricio Santillana, Samarth Swarup, Michele Tizzoni, Alessandro Vespignani, Anil Kumar S Vullikanti, Mandy L Wilson, Qian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Influenza outbreaks affect millions of people every year and its surveillance is usually carried out in developed countries through a network of sentinel doctors who report the weekly number of Influenza-like Illness cases observed among the visited patients. Monitoring and forecasting the evolution of these outbreaks supports decision makers in designing effective interventions and allocating resources to mitigate their impact. OBJECTIVE: Describe the existing participatory surveillance approaches that have been used for modeling and forecasting of the seasonal influenza epidemic, and how they can help strengthen real-time epidemic science and provide a more rigorous understanding of epidemic conditions...
November 1, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089294/online-influence-and-sentiment-of-fitness-tweets-analysis-of-two-million-fitness-tweets
#12
Theodore Vickey, John G Breslin
BACKGROUND: Publicly available fitness tweets may provide useful and in-depth insights into the real-time sentiment of a person's physical activity and provide motivation to others through online influence. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this experimental approach using the fitness Twitter dataset is two-fold: (1) to determine if there is a correlation between the type of activity tweet (either workout or workout+, which contains the same information as a workout tweet but has additional user-generated information), gender, and one's online influence as measured by Klout Score and (2) to examine the sentiment of the activity-coded fitness tweets by looking at real-time shared thoughts via Twitter regarding their experiences with physical activity and the associated mobile fitness app...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084711/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-zika-paper-and-internet-based-survey-in-zhejiang-china
#13
Yu Huang, Shuiyang Xu, Lei Wang, Yushui Zhao, He Liu, Dingming Yao, Yue Xu, Qiaohong Lv, Gang Hao, Yan Xu, Qingqing Wu
BACKGROUND: As public access to the Internet increases, many health workers prefer to carry out health education online, reducing the use of traditional community-based health education methods. Since March 2016, four Zika cases have been confirmed in Zhejiang, China. Rapid assessment of people's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding Zika is crucial to its prevention and control. Web-based surveys to assess public KAP may be a growing trend; however, we had little experience with this method...
October 30, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074469/adverse-reactions-associated-with-cannabis-consumption-as-evident-from-search-engine-queries
#14
Elad Yom-Tov, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances worldwide, but adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with its use are difficult to study because of its prohibited status in many countries. OBJECTIVE: Internet search engine queries have been used to investigate ADRs in pharmaceutical drugs. In this proof-of-concept study, we tested whether these queries can be used to detect the adverse reactions of cannabis use. METHODS: We analyzed anonymized queries from US-based users of Bing, a widely used search engine, made over a period of 6 months and compared the results with the prevalence of cannabis use as reported in the US National Survey on Drug Use in the Household (NSDUH) and with ADRs reported in the Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Drug Reporting System...
October 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066422/preliminary-findings-of-a-technology-delivered-sexual-health-promotion-program-for-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-quasi-experimental-outcome-study
#15
Charles H Klein, Tamara Kuhn, Danielle Huxley, Jamie Kennel, Elizabeth Withers, Carmela G Lomonaco
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disproportionately affects black men who have sex with men (MSM), yet there are few evidence-based interventions specifically designed for black MSM communities. In response, the authors created Real Talk, a technology-delivered, sexual health program for black MSM. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine whether Real Talk positively affected risk reduction intentions, disclosure practices, condom use, and overall risk reduction sexual practices...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054832/sampling-key-populations-for-hiv-surveillance-results-from-eight-cross-sectional-studies-using-respondent-driven-sampling-and-venue-based-snowball-sampling
#16
Amrita Rao, Shauna Stahlman, James Hargreaves, Sharon Weir, Jessie Edwards, Duncan Kochelani, Duncan Kochelani, Mpumelelo Mavimbela, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: In using regularly collected or existing surveillance data to characterize engagement in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services among marginalized populations, differences in sampling methods may produce different pictures of the target population and may therefore result in different priorities for response. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to use existing data to evaluate the sample distribution of eight studies of female sex workers (FSW) and men who have sex with men (MSM), who were recruited using different sampling approaches in two locations within Sub-Saharan Africa: Manzini, Swaziland and Yaoundé, Cameroon...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046267/identifying-sentiment-of-hookah-related-posts-on-twitter
#17
Jon-Patrick Allem, Jagannathan Ramanujam, Kristina Lerman, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of hookah (or waterpipe) use in the United States and elsewhere has consequences for public health because it has similar health risks to that of combustible cigarettes. While hookah use rapidly increases in popularity, social media data (Twitter, Instagram) can be used to capture and describe the social and environmental contexts in which individuals use, perceive, discuss, and are marketed this tobacco product. These data may allow people to organically report on their sentiment toward tobacco products like hookah unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias, and at low costs...
October 18, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038092/implications-of-attrition-in-a-longitudinal-web-based-survey-an-examination-of-college-students-participating-in-a-tobacco-use-study
#18
Bennett McDonald, Regine Haardoerfer, Michael Windle, Michael Goodman, Carla Berg
BACKGROUND: Web-based survey research has several benefits, including low cost and burden, as well as high use of the Internet, particularly among young adults. In the context of longitudinal studies, attrition raises concerns regarding the validity of data, given the potential associations with individual and institutional characteristics, or the focal area of study (eg, cigarette use). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare baseline characteristics of nonresponders versus responders in a sample of young adult college students in a Web-based longitudinal study regarding tobacco use...
October 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#19
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021131/participatory-disease-surveillance-engaging-communities-directly-in-reporting-monitoring-and-responding-to-health-threats
#20
Mark S Smolinski, Adam W Crawley, Jennifer M Olsen, Tanvi Jayaraman, Marlo Libel
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, the International Workshop on Participatory Surveillance (IWOPS) has served as an informal network to share best practices, consult on analytic methods, and catalyze innovation to advance the burgeoning method of direct engagement of populations in voluntary monitoring of disease. OBJECTIVE: This landscape provides an overview of participatory disease surveillance systems in the IWOPS network and orients readers to this growing field of practice...
October 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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