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JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907554/a-surveillance-infrastructure-for-malaria-analytics-provisioning-data-access-and-preservation-of-interoperability
#1
Mohammad Sadnan Al Manir, Jon Haël Brenas, Christopher Jo Baker, Arash Shaban-Nejad
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, malaria surveillance is weakest in countries and regions with the highest malaria burden. A core obstacle is that the data required to perform malaria surveillance are fragmented in multiple data silos distributed across geographic regions. Furthermore, consistent integrated malaria data sources are few, and a low degree of interoperability exists between them. As a result, it is difficult to identify disease trends and to plan for effective interventions...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875090/identifying-methods-for-monitoring-foodborne-illness-review-of-existing-public-health-surveillance-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Rachel A Oldroyd, Michelle A Morris, Mark Birkin
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of monitoring foodborne illness are associated with problems of untimeliness and underreporting. In recent years, alternative data sources such as social media data have been used to monitor the incidence of disease in the population (infodemiology and infoveillance). These data sources prove timelier than traditional general practitioner data, they can help to fill the gaps in the reporting process, and they often include additional metadata that is useful for supplementary research...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871854/junk-food-marketing-on-instagram-content-analysis
#3
Amy Jo Vassallo, Bridget Kelly, Lelin Zhang, Zhiyong Wang, Sarah Young, Becky Freeman
BACKGROUND: Omnipresent marketing of processed foods is a key driver of dietary choices and brand loyalty. Market data indicate a shift in food marketing expenditures to digital media, including social media. These platforms have greater potential to influence young people, given their unique peer-to-peer transmission and youths' susceptibility to social pressures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of images and videos posted by the most popular, energy-dense, nutrient-poor food and beverage brands on Instagram and the marketing strategies used in these images, including any healthy choice claims...
June 5, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848474/accurately-inferring-compliance-to-five-major-food-guidelines-through-simplified-surveys-applying-data-mining-to-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#4
Nicholas Rosso, Philippe Giabbanelli
BACKGROUND: National surveys in public health nutrition commonly record the weight of every food consumed by an individual. However, if the goal is to identify whether individuals are in compliance with the 5 main national nutritional guidelines (sodium, saturated fats, sugars, fruit and vegetables, and fats), much less information may be needed. A previous study showed that tracking only 2.89% of all foods (113/3911) was sufficient to accurately identify compliance. Further reducing the data needs could lower participation burden, thus decreasing the costs for monitoring national compliance with key guidelines...
May 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807884/new-tobacco-and-tobacco-related-products-early-detection-of-product-development-marketing-strategies-and-consumer-interest
#5
Yvonne Cm Staal, Suzanne van de Nobelen, Anne Havermans, Reinskje Talhout
BACKGROUND: A wide variety of new tobacco and tobacco-related products have emerged on the market in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To understand their potential implications for public health and to guide tobacco control efforts, we have used an infoveillance approach to identify new tobacco and tobacco-related products. METHODS: Our search for tobacco(-related) products consists of several tailored search profiles using combinations of keywords such as "e-cigarette" and "new" to extract information from almost 9000 preselected sources such as websites of online shops, tobacco manufacturers, and news sites...
May 28, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789279/opportunities-for-enhanced-strategic-use-of-surveys-medical-records-and-program-data-for-hiv-surveillance-of-key-populations-scoping-review
#6
Sharon Stucker Weir, Stefan D Baral, Jessie K Edwards, Sabrina Zadrozny, James Hargreaves, Jinkou Zhao, Keith Sabin
BACKGROUND: Normative guidelines from the World Health Organization recommend tracking strategic information indicators among key populations. Monitoring progress in the global response to the HIV epidemic uses indicators put forward by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. These include the 90-90-90 targets that require a realignment of surveillance data, routinely collected program data, and medical record data, which historically have developed separately. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe current challenges for monitoring HIV-related strategic information indicators among key populations ((men who have sex with men [MSM], people in prisons and other closed settings, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender people) and identify future opportunities to enhance the use of surveillance data, programmatic data, and medical record data to describe the HIV epidemic among key populations and measure the coverage of HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764802/overcoming-barriers-to-hiv-prevention-and-healthcare-among-sub-saharan-african-migrants-in-spain
#7
Miriam Navarro, Bárbara Navaza, Anne Guionnet, Rogelio López-Vélez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757750/expression-of-editorial-concern-correction-of-conflict-of-interest-and-affiliation-and-data-corrections
#8
Jmir Editorial Office
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.9490.].
May 11, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743155/causality-patterns-for-detecting-adverse-drug-reactions-from-social-media-text-mining-approach
#9
Danushka Bollegala, Simon Maskell, Richard Sloane, Joanna Hajne, Munir Pirmohamed
BACKGROUND: Detecting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is an important task that has direct implications for the use of that drug. If we can detect previously unknown ADRs as quickly as possible, then this information can be provided to the regulators, pharmaceutical companies, and health care organizations, thereby potentially reducing drug-related morbidity and saving lives of many patients. A promising approach for detecting ADRs is to use social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook...
May 9, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728348/the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-implementing-a-bio-behavioral-enhanced-surveillance-tool-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-england-mixed-methods-study
#10
Sonali Wayal, David Reid, Paula B Blomquist, Peter Weatherburn, Catherine H Mercer, Gwenda Hughes
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) surveillance is vital for tracking the scale and pattern of epidemics; however, it often lacks data on the underlying drivers of STIs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a bio-behavioral enhanced surveillance tool, comprising a self-administered Web-based survey among sexual health clinic attendees, as well as linking this to their electronic health records (EHR) held in England's national STI surveillance system...
May 4, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728344/trends-in-hiv-terminology-text-mining-and-data-visualization-assessment-of-international-aids-conference-abstracts-over-25-years
#11
Nicole Dancy-Scott, Gale A Dutcher, Alla Keselman, Colette Hochstein, Christina Copty, Diane Ben-Senia, Sampada Rajan, Maria Guadalupe Asencio, Jason Jongwon Choi
BACKGROUND: The language encompassing health conditions can also influence behaviors that affect health outcomes. Few published quantitative studies have been conducted that evaluate HIV-related terminology changes over time. To expand this research, this study included an analysis of a dataset of abstracts presented at the International AIDS Conference (IAC) from 1989 to 2014. These abstracts reflect the global response to HIV over 25 years. Two powerful methodologies were used to evaluate the dataset: text mining to convert the unstructured information into structured data for analysis and data visualization to represent the data visually to assess trends...
May 4, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724710/improving-visualization-of-female-breast-cancer-survival-estimates-analysis-using-interactive-mapping-reports
#12
Awatef Ahmed Ben Ramadan, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Chester Lee Schmaltz
BACKGROUND: The Missouri Cancer Registry collects population-based cancer incidence data on Missouri residents diagnosed with reportable malignant neoplasms. The Missouri Cancer Registry wanted to produce data that would be of interest to lawmakers as well as public health officials at the legislative district level on breast cancer, the most common non-skin cancer among females. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to measure and interactively visualize survival data of female breast cancer cases in the Missouri Cancer Registry...
May 3, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724705/recommendations-for-the-development-of-a-mobile-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-hijras-in-mumbai-qualitative-study
#13
Shruta Rawat, J Michael Wilkerson, Sylvia M Lawler, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Kanjani Shukla, Seyram Butame, Maria L Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: As Internet and mobile phone use expands in India, there is an opportunity to develop mobile health (mHealth) interventions for marginalized populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and hijras (transgender women), hesitant to access traditional health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if an mHealth intervention was acceptable to MSM and hijras living in Mumbai, and if so, what features would be useful in targeting the prevention of HIV acquisition and to increase the quality of life among persons living with HIV/AIDS...
May 3, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720366/studying-cannabis-use-behaviors-with-facebook-and-web-surveys-methods-and-insights
#14
Jacob T Borodovsky, Lisa A Marsch, Alan J Budney
The rapid and wide-reaching expansion of internet access and digital technologies offers epidemiologists numerous opportunities to study health behaviors. One particularly promising new data collection strategy is the use of Facebook's advertising platform in conjunction with Web-based surveys. Our research team at the Center for Technology and Behavioral Health has used this quick and cost-efficient method to recruit large samples and address unique scientific questions related to cannabis use. In conducting this research, we have gleaned several insights for using this sampling method effectively and have begun to document the characteristics of the resulting data...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720364/monitoring-interest-in-herpes-zoster-vaccination-analysis-of-google-search-data
#15
Elyse J Berlinberg, Michael S Deiner, Travis C Porco, Nisha R Acharya
BACKGROUND: A new recombinant subunit vaccine for herpes zoster (HZ or shingles) was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration on October 20, 2017 and is expected to replace the previous live attenuated vaccine. There have been low coverage rates with the live attenuated vaccine (Zostavax), ranging from 12-32% of eligible patients receiving the HZ vaccine. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide insight into trends and potential reasons for interest in HZ vaccination...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712626/a-gamified-smartphone-app-to-support-engagement-in-care-and-medication-adherence-for-hiv-positive-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-allyquest-development-and-pilot-study
#16
Lisa Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn Muessig, Kelly Knudtson, Mala Srivatsa, Ellena Lawrence, Sara LeGrand, Anna Hotten, Sybil Hosek
BACKGROUND: HIV disproportionately impacts young men who have sex with men (YMSM) who experience disparities across the HIV care continuum. Addressing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among YMSM is an urgent public health priority. Technology-based interventions-particularly mobile health platforms-can provide tailored adherence interventions and allow YMSM to engage and connect with others. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the development of AllyQuest, a novel, theoretically-based, smartphone app designed to improve engagement in care and ART adherence and social support among HIV-positive YMSM...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712621/incidence-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-and-atopic-conditions-in-boys-and-young-male-adults-royal-college-of-general-practitioners-research-and-surveillance-centre-annual-report-2015-2016
#17
Simon de Lusignan, Ana Correa, Richard Pebody, Ivelina Yonova, Gillian Smith, Rachel Byford, Sameera Rankiri Pathirannehelage, Christopher McGee, Alex J Elliot, Mariya Hriskova, Filipa Im Ferreira, Imran Rafi, Simon Jones
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre comprises more than 150 general practices, with a combined population of more than 1.5 million, contributing to UK and European public health surveillance and research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to report gender differences in the presentation of infectious and respiratory conditions in children and young adults. METHODS: Disease incidence data were used to test the hypothesis that boys up to puberty present more with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and asthma...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699965/public-awareness-of-uterine-power-morcellation-through-us-food-and-drug-administration-communications-analysis-of-google-trends-search-term-patterns
#18
Lauren N Wood, Juzar Jamnagerwalla, Melissa A Markowitz, D Joseph Thum, Philip McCarty, Andrew R Medendorp, Shlomo Raz, Ja-Hong Kim
BACKGROUND: Uterine power morcellation, where the uterus is shred into smaller pieces, is a widely used technique for removal of uterine specimens in patients undergoing minimally invasive abdominal hysterectomy or myomectomy. Complications related to power morcellation of uterine specimens led to US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communications in 2014 ultimately recommending against the use of power morcellation for women undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy. Subsequently, practitioners drastically decreased the use of morcellation...
April 26, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699961/the-development-of-a-social-networking-based-relatedness-intervention-among-young-first-time-blood-donors-pilot-study
#19
Victoria Frye, Louisa Duffy, Janis L France, Debra A Kessler, Mark Rebosa, Beth H Shaz, Bruce W Carlson, Christopher R France
BACKGROUND: Increasing repeat blood donation behavior is a critical public health goal. According to self-determination theory, the process of developing internal motivation to give blood and an associated self-identity as a blood donor may be promoted by feelings of “relatedness” or a connection to other donors, which may be enhanced through social relations and interactions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report it to describe the development and pilot testing of a social networking-based (Facebook) intervention condition designed to increase feelings of relatedness via virtual social interaction and support...
April 26, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695376/clinical-relation-extraction-toward-drug-safety-surveillance-using-electronic-health-record-narratives-classical-learning-versus-deep-learning
#20
Tsendsuren Munkhdalai, Feifan Liu, Hong Yu
BACKGROUND: Medication and adverse drug event (ADE) information extracted from electronic health record (EHR) notes can be a rich resource for drug safety surveillance. Existing observational studies have mainly relied on structured EHR data to obtain ADE information; however, ADEs are often buried in the EHR narratives and not recorded in structured data. OBJECTIVE: To unlock ADE-related information from EHR narratives, there is a need to extract relevant entities and identify relations among them...
April 25, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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