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JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444766/know-your-epidemic-strengthen-your-response-developing-a-new-hiv-surveillance-architecture-to-guide-hiv-resource-allocation-and-target-decisions
#1
EDITORIAL
Brian Rice, Travis Sanchez, Stefan Baral, Paul Mee, Keith Sabin, Jesus M Garcia-Calleja, James Hargreaves
To guide HIV prevention and treatment activities up to 2020, we need to generate and make better use of high quality HIV surveillance data. To highlight our surveillance needs, a special collection of papers in JMIR Public Health and Surveillance has been released under the title "Improving Global and National Responses to the HIV Epidemic Through High Quality HIV Surveillance Data." We provide a summary of these papers and highlight methods for developing a new HIV surveillance architecture.
February 14, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434015/trust-in-health-information-sources-survey-analysis-of-variation-by-sociodemographic-and-tobacco-use-status-in-oklahoma
#2
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426815/associations-of-topics-of-discussion-on-twitter-with-survey-measures-of-attitudes-knowledge-and-behaviors-related-to-zika-probabilistic-study-in-the-united-states
#3
Mohsen Farhadloo, Kenneth Winneg, Man-Pui Sally Chan, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracin
BACKGROUND: Recent outbreaks of Zika virus around the world led to increased discussions about this issue on social media platforms such as Twitter. These discussions may provide useful information about attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors of the population regarding issues that are important for public policy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the associations of the topics of discussions on Twitter and survey measures of Zika-related attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors, not solely based upon the volume of such discussions but by analyzing the content of conversations using probabilistic techniques...
February 9, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422452/population-size-estimation-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-media-based-platforms
#4
Stefan Baral, Rachael M Turner, Carrie E Lyons, Sean Howell, Brian Honermann, Alex Garner, Robert Hess, Daouda Diouf, George Ayala, Patrick S Sullivan, Greg Millett
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other cisgender men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV pandemic. Traditionally, GBMSM have been deemed less relevant in HIV epidemics in low- and middle-income settings where HIV epidemics are more generalized. This is due (in part) to how important population size estimates regarding the number of individuals who identify as GBMSM are to informing the development and monitoring of HIV prevention, treatment, and care programs and coverage...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391341/objectively-measured-baseline-physical-activity-patterns-in-women-in-the-mped-trial-cluster-analysis
#5
Yoshimi Fukuoka, Mo Zhou, Eric Vittinghoff, William Haskell, Ken Goldberg, Anil Aswani
BACKGROUND: Determining patterns of physical activity throughout the day could assist in developing more personalized interventions or physical activity guidelines in general and, in particular, for women who are less likely to be physically active than men. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this report are to identify clusters of women based on accelerometer-measured baseline raw metabolic equivalent of task (MET) values and a normalized version of the METs ≥3 data, and to compare sociodemographic and cardiometabolic risks among these identified clusters...
February 1, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382629/examining-influences-of-parenting-styles-and-practices-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-latino-children-in-the-united-states-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Minerva Wasserman, Mario A Muñoz, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that parents influence their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) through their parenting styles and practices. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to evaluate existing research examining the associations between parenting styles, parenting practices, and PA and SB among Latino children aged between 2 and 12 years, highlight limitations of the existing research, and generate suggestions for future research...
January 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362213/functional-knowledge-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-participants-in-a-web-based-survey-of-sexually-active-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-cross-sectional-study
#7
Erin M Kahle, Stephen Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention is increasing, but little is known about the functional knowledge of PrEP and its impact on willingness to use PrEP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the functional knowledge of PrEP among a sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) participating in a Web-based survey of sexually active MSM. METHODS: Men at least 18 years old, residing in the United States, and reporting sex with a man in the previous 6 months were recruited through social networking websites...
January 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358160/awareness-of-prevention-strategies-and-willingness-to-use-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-brazilian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-apps-for-sexual-encounters-online-cross-sectional-study
#8
Thiago Silva Torres, Raquel Brandini De Boni, Mauricio Tl de Vasconcellos, Paula Mendes Luz, Brenda Hoagland, Ronaldo Ismerio Moreira, Valdilea Gonçalves Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn
BACKGROUND: Geosocial networking (GSN) smartphone apps are becoming the main venue for sexual encounters among Brazilian men who have sex with men (MSM). To address the increased HIV incidence in this population, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was recently implemented in the Brazilian public health system in the context of combined HIV prevention. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of MSM using GSN apps for sexual encounters, their awareness of prevention strategies, and willingness to use PrEP...
January 22, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351899/web-based-survey-application-to-collect-contextually-relevant-geographic-data-with-exposure-times-application-development-and-feasibility-testing
#9
Abby Rudolph, Karin Tobin, Jonathan Rudolph, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Although studies that characterize the risk environment by linking contextual factors with individual-level data have advanced infectious disease and substance use research, there are opportunities to refine how we define relevant neighborhood exposures; this can in turn reduce the potential for exposure misclassification. For example, for those who do not inject at home, injection risk behaviors may be more influenced by the environment where they inject than where they live...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351896/internet-exposure-associated-with-canadian-parents-perception-of-risk-on-childhood-immunization-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jordan Lee Tustin, Natasha Sarah Crowcroft, Dionne Gesink, Ian Johnson, Jennifer Keelan
BACKGROUND: There is a large presence of provaccination and antivaccination content on the Internet. The Internet has been identified as an important source for parents to seek and share vaccine information. There are concerns that parental fears or hesitancy on childhood immunizations are increasing due to the popularity of social media and exposure to online antivaccination sentiment. No other studies have investigated the association between seeking vaccine information online and Canadian parents' perception of risk on childhood immunization...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334478/authorship-correction-sampling-key-populations-for-hiv-surveillance-results-from-eight-cross-sectional-studies-using-respondent-driven-sampling-and-venue-based-snowball-sampling
#11
Amrita Rao, Shauna Stahlman, James Hargreaves, Sharon Weir, Jessie Edwards, Brian Rice, Duncan Kochelani, Mpumelelo Mavimbela, Stefan Baral
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.8116.].
January 15, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326096/monitoring-freshman-college-experience-through-content-analysis-of-tweets-observational-study
#12
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: Freshman experiences can greatly influence students' success. Traditional methods of monitoring the freshman experience, such as conducting surveys, can be resource intensive and time consuming. Social media, such as Twitter, enable users to share their daily experiences. Thus, it may be possible to use Twitter to monitor students' postsecondary experience. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) describe the proportion of content posted on Twitter by college students relating to academic studies, personal health, and social life throughout the semester; and (2) examine whether the proportion of content differed by demographics and during nonexam versus exam periods...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321123/comparative-analysis-of-women-with-notable-subjective-health-indicators-compared-with-participants-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: At least six communities with unusually good health and longevity have been identified, but their lifestyles aren't adopted widely. Informal evidence suggests that women associated with Universal Medicine (UM), a complementary medicine health care organization in Eastern Australia and the United Kingdom with normal lifestyles, also have several unusual health indicators. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine how UM participants compared with women in the Australian population at large on a variety of health indicators...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317382/accurate-influenza-monitoring-and-forecasting-using-novel-internet-data-streams-a-case-study-in-the-boston-metropolis
#14
Fred Sun Lu, Suqin Hou, Kristin Baltrusaitis, Manan Shah, Jure Leskovec, Rok Sosic, Jared Hawkins, John Brownstein, Giuseppe Conidi, Julia Gunn, Josh Gray, Anna Zink, Mauricio Santillana
BACKGROUND: Influenza outbreaks pose major challenges to public health around the world, leading to thousands of deaths a year in the United States alone. Accurate systems that track influenza activity at the city level are necessary to provide actionable information that can be used for clinical, hospital, and community outbreak preparation. OBJECTIVE: Although Internet-based real-time data sources such as Google searches and tweets have been successfully used to produce influenza activity estimates ahead of traditional health care-based systems at national and state levels, influenza tracking and forecasting at finer spatial resolutions, such as the city level, remain an open question...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311050/detecting-novel-and-emerging-drug-terms-using-natural-language-processing-a-social-media-corpus-study
#15
Sean S Simpson, Nikki Adams, Claudia M Brugman, Thomas J Conners
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and changes in the use of more traditional drugs, it is increasingly difficult for researchers and public health practitioners to keep up with emerging drugs and drug terms. Substance use surveys and diagnostic tools need to be able to ask about substances using the terms that drug users themselves are likely to be using. Analyses of social media may offer new ways for researchers to uncover and track changes in drug terms in near real time...
January 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305342/social-media-impact-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-s-drug-safety-communication-messaging-about-zolpidem-mixed-methods-analysis
#16
Michael S Sinha, Clark C Freifeld, John S Brownstein, Macarius M Donneyong, Paula Rausch, Brian M Lappin, Esther H Zhou, Gerald J Dal Pan, Ajinkya M Pawar, Thomas J Hwang, Jerry Avorn, Aaron S Kesselheim
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issues drug safety communications (DSCs) to health care professionals, patients, and the public when safety issues emerge related to FDA-approved drug products. These safety messages are disseminated through social media to ensure broad uptake. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the social media dissemination of 2 DSCs released in 2013 for the sleep aid zolpidem. METHODS: We used the MedWatcher Social program and the DataSift historic query tool to aggregate Twitter and Facebook posts from October 1, 2012 through August 31, 2013, a period beginning approximately 3 months before the first DSC and ending 3 months after the second...
January 5, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263018/e-cigarette-surveillance-with-social-media-data-social-bots-emerging-topics-and-trends
#17
Jon-Patrick Allem, Emilio Ferrara, Sree Priyanka Uppu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: As e-cigarette use rapidly increases in popularity, data from online social systems (Twitter, Instagram, Google Web Search) can be used to capture and describe the social and environmental context in which individuals use, perceive, and are marketed this tobacco product. Social media data may serve as a massive focus group where people organically discuss e-cigarettes unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias, captured in near real time and at low costs. OBJECTIVE: This study documents e-cigarette-related discussions on Twitter, describing themes of conversations and locations where Twitter users often discuss e-cigarettes, to identify priority areas for e-cigarette education campaigns...
December 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263016/monitoring-prevention-impact-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-concentrated-epidemics-with-program-and-survey-data
#18
Thi Thuy Van Nguyen, Keith Sabin, Thi Quynh Trang Ho, Ai Kim Anh Le, Chika Hayashi, Masaya Kato
BACKGROUND: The prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV program was introduced in Vietnam in 2005. Despite the scaling up of PMTCT programs, the rate of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Vietnam was estimated as high as 20% in 2013. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of PMTCT and identified factors associated with mother-to-child transmission and infant survival using survey and program data in a high HIV burden province in Vietnam...
December 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261510/reference-correction-to-making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#19
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.7492.].
December 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258972/characteristics-of-articles-about-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-japanese-newspapers-time-series-analysis-study
#20
Nao Ueda, Ryoki Yokouchi, Taro Onoda, Atsushi Ogihara
BACKGROUND: Media coverage and reports have a major influence on individual vaccination and other health-related activities. People use the media to seek information and knowledge on health-related behaviors. They obtain health-related information from media such as television and newspapers, and they trust such information. While several studies have examined the relation between media coverage and individual health, there is a lack of studies that have analyzed media reports of health information...
December 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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