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JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#1
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021131/participatory-disease-surveillance-engaging-communities-directly-in-reporting-monitoring-and-responding-to-health-threats
#2
Mark S Smolinski, Adam W Crawley, Jennifer M Olsen, Tanvi Jayaraman, Marlo Libel
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, the International Workshop on Participatory Surveillance (IWOPS) has served as an informal network to share best practices, consult on analytic methods, and catalyze innovation to advance the burgeoning method of direct engagement of populations in voluntary monitoring of disease. OBJECTIVE: This landscape provides an overview of participatory disease surveillance systems in the IWOPS network and orients readers to this growing field of practice...
October 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986338/a-smart-card-based-electronic-school-absenteeism-system-for-influenza-like-illness-surveillance-in-hong-kong-design-implementation-and-feasibility-assessment
#3
Dennis Km Ip, Eric Hy Lau, Hau Chi So, Jingyi Xiao, Chi Kin Lam, Vicky J Fang, Yat Hung Tam, Gabriel M Leung, Benjamin J Cowling
BACKGROUND: School-aged children have the highest incidence of respiratory virus infections each year, and transmission of respiratory viruses such as influenza virus can be a major concern in school settings. School absenteeism data have been employed as a component of influenza surveillance systems in some locations. Data timeliness and system acceptance remain as key determinants affecting the usefulness of a prospective surveillance system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of implementing an electronic school absenteeism surveillance system using smart card-based technology for influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance among a representative network of local primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong...
October 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982646/the-association-between-commonly-investigated-user-factors-and-various-types-of-ehealth-use-for-self-care-of-type-2-diabetes-case-of-first-generation-immigrants-from-pakistan-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#4
Naoe Tatara, Hugo Lewi Hammer, Hege Kristin Andreassen, Jelena Mirkovic, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic and health-related factors are often investigated for their association with the active use of electronic health (eHealth). The importance of such factors has been found to vary, depending on the purpose or means of eHealth and the target user groups. Pakistanis are one of the biggest immigrant groups in the Oslo area, Norway. Due to an especially high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) among this population, knowledge about their use of eHealth for T2D self-management and prevention (self-care) will be valuable for both understanding this vulnerable group and for developing effective eHealth services...
October 5, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978500/twitter-and-public-health-part-2-qualitative-analysis-of-how-individual-health-professionals-outside-organizations-use-microblogging-to-promote-and-disseminate-health-related-information
#5
Mark Hart, Nichole Stetten, Sabrina Islam, Katherine Pizarro
BACKGROUND: Twitter is the most popular form of microblogging that is being utilized in public health to engage audiences and to communicate health-related information. Although there is some research showing the various forms of Twitter use in public health, little is known about how individual public health professionals are using their personal Twitter accounts to disseminate health information. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to categorize public health professionals' tweets to evaluate how individual public health professionals are furthering the mission of public health...
October 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974484/effects-of-the-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-on-public-awareness-of-lung-cancer-risk-in-china-evidence-from-the-internet-based-big-data-platform
#6
Hongxi Yang, Shu Li, Li Sun, Xinyu Zhang, Jie Hou, Yaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: In October 2013, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified the particulate matter from outdoor air pollution as a group 1 carcinogen and declared that particulate matter can cause lung cancer. Fine particular matter (PM2.5) pollution is becoming a serious public health concern in urban areas of China. It is essential to emphasize the importance of the public's awareness and knowledge of modifiable risk factors of lung cancer for prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore the public's awareness of the association of PM2...
October 3, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970191/lessons-from-the-implementation-of-mo-buzz-a-mobile-pandemic-surveillance-system-for-dengue
#7
May Oo Lwin, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Anita Sheldenkar, Ruwan Wijayamuni, Prasad Wimalaratne, Kacey C Ernst, Schubert Foo
BACKGROUND: Approximately 128 countries and 3.9 billion people are at risk of dengue infection. Incidence of dengue has increased over the past decades, becoming a growing public health concern for countries with populations that are increasingly susceptible to this vector-borne disease, such as Sri Lanka. Almost 55,150 dengue cases were reported in Sri Lanka in 2016, with more than 30.40% of cases (n=16,767) originating from Colombo, which struggles with an outdated manual paper-based dengue outbreak management system...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951381/classification-of-twitter-users-who-tweet-about-e-cigarettes
#8
Annice Kim, Thomas Miano, Robert Chew, Matthew Eggers, James Nonnemaker
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about their health risks, e‑cigarettes have gained popularity in recent years. Concurrent with the recent increase in e‑cigarette use, social media sites such as Twitter have become a common platform for sharing information about e-cigarettes and to promote marketing of e‑cigarettes. Monitoring the trends in e‑cigarette-related social media activity requires timely assessment of the content of posts and the types of users generating the content. However, little is known about the diversity of the types of users responsible for generating e‑cigarette-related content on Twitter...
September 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931499/twitter-and-public-health-part-1-how-individual-public-health-professionals-use-twitter-for-professional-development
#9
Mark Hart, Nichole E Stetten, Sabrina Islam, Katherine Pizarro
BACKGROUND: The use of social networking sites is increasingly being adopted in public health, in part, because of the barriers to funding and reduced resources. Public health professionals are using social media platforms, specifically Twitter, as a way to facilitate professional development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify public health professionals using Twitter and to analyze how they use this platform to enhance their formal and informal professional development within the context of public health...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928112/influenzanet-citizens-among-10-countries-collaborating-to-monitor-influenza-in-europe
#10
Carl E Koppeschaar, Vittoria Colizza, Caroline Guerrisi, Clément Turbelin, Jim Duggan, W John Edmunds, Charlotte Kjelsø, Ricardo Mexia, Yamir Moreno, Sandro Meloni, Daniela Paolotti, Daniela Perrotta, Edward van Straten, Ana O Franco
BACKGROUND: The wide availability of the Internet and the growth of digital communication technologies have become an important tool for epidemiological studies and health surveillance. Influenzanet is a participatory surveillance system monitoring the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Europe since 2003. It is based on data provided by volunteers who self-report their symptoms via the Internet throughout the influenza season and currently involves 10 countries. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the Influenzanet system and provide an overview of results from several analyses that have been performed with the collected data, which include participant representativeness analyses, data validation (comparing ILI incidence rates between Influenzanet and sentinel medical practice networks), identification of ILI risk factors, and influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies previously published...
September 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912117/sample-size-calculations-for-population-size-estimation-studies-using-multiplier-methods-with-respondent-driven-sampling-surveys
#11
Elizabeth Fearon, Sungai T Chabata, Jennifer A Thompson, Frances M Cowan, James R Hargreaves
BACKGROUND: While guidance exists for obtaining population size estimates using multiplier methods with respondent-driven sampling surveys, we lack specific guidance for making sample size decisions. OBJECTIVE: To guide the design of multiplier method population size estimation studies using respondent-driven sampling surveys to reduce the random error around the estimate obtained. METHODS: The population size estimate is obtained by dividing the number of individuals receiving a service or the number of unique objects distributed (M) by the proportion of individuals in a representative survey who report receipt of the service or object (P)...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877865/developing-a-web-based-geolocated-directory-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-providing-clinics-the-prep-locator-protocol-and-operating-procedures
#12
Aaron J Siegler, Susan Wirtz, Shannon Weber, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV transmission, yet patients interested in learning more about PrEP or in getting a PrEP prescription may not be able to find local medical providers willing to prescribe PrEP. OBJECTIVE: We sought to create a national database of PrEP-providing clinics to allow for patients to have access to a unified, vetted source of PrEP providers in an easily accessible database...
September 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838883/evaluation-of-sampling-recommendations-from-the-influenza-virologic-surveillance-right-size-roadmap-for-idaho
#13
Mariana Rosenthal, Katey Anderson, Leslie Tengelsen, Kris Carter, Christine Hahn, Christopher Ball
BACKGROUND: The Right Size Roadmap was developed by the Association of Public Health Laboratories and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to improve influenza virologic surveillance efficiency. Guidelines were provided to state health departments regarding representativeness and statistical estimates of specimen numbers needed for seasonal influenza situational awareness, rare or novel influenza virus detection, and rare or novel influenza virus investigation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare Roadmap sampling recommendations with Idaho's influenza virologic surveillance to determine implementation feasibility...
August 24, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827213/effectivity-of-awareness-months-in-increasing-internet-search-activity-for-top-malignancies-among-women
#14
Dhruvika Mukhija, Anand Venkatraman, Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818817/insights-from-flutracking-thirteen-tips-to-growing-a-web-based-participatory-surveillance-system
#15
Craig Dalton, Sandra Carlson, Michelle Butler, Daniel Cassano, Stephen Clarke, John Fejsa, David Durrheim
Flutracking is a weekly Web-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Australia that has grown from 400 participants in 2006 to over 26,000 participants every week in 2016. Flutracking monitors both the transmission and severity of ILI across Australia by documenting symptoms (cough, fever, and sore throat), time off work or normal duties, influenza vaccination status, laboratory testing for influenza, and health seeking behavior. Recruitment of Flutrackers commenced via health department and other organizational email systems, and then gradually incorporated social media promotion and invitations from existing Flutrackers to friends to enhance participation...
August 17, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814377/body-weight-misperception-and-dissatisfaction-among-overweight-and-obese-adult-nigerians
#16
Mukadas Oyeniran Akindele, Joliana Phillips, Ehimario Igumbor, Ushotanefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and medium-income countries has a negative impact on overall health. Correct perception of one's body weight is a step in seeking healthy help toward weight reduction in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the body weight misperception and dissatisfaction among overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting. METHODS: This study was part of a larger cross-sectional study that was designed to plan an intervention for overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811269/point-of-sale-tobacco-advertising-and-display-bans-policy-evaluation-study-in-five-russian-cities
#17
Ryan David Kennedy, Ashley Grant, Mark Spires, Joanna E Cohen
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry uses point-of-sale (POS) advertising, promotion, and product display to increase consumption of its products among current users, to attract new consumers, and to encourage former customers to resume tobacco use. As part of a comprehensive tobacco control effort, Russia-having one of the highest tobacco use prevalence rates in the world-enacted legislation that banned tobacco POS advertising, effective November 15, 2013, and banned the display of tobacco and the sale of cigarettes in kiosks, effective June 1, 2014...
August 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807890/vulnerable-youth-as-prosumers-in-hiv-prevention-studies-using-participatory-action-research
#18
Cath Conn, Shoba Nayar, Dinar Lubis, Carol Maibvisira, Kristel Modderman
BACKGROUND: Stigma, voicelessness, and legislative and rights barriers, coupled with top-down decision making, are the common experiences of vulnerable youth populations that limit their opportunities to participate in vital health promotion efforts such as HIV prevention. OBJECTIVE: To consider new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention. METHODS: Drawing on research with vulnerable youth in Busoga, Uganda; Bulawayo, Zimbabwe; Bangkok, Thailand; and Bali, Indonesia, we explore current youth participation, in theory and practice, while considering new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention...
August 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#19
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793981/attitudes-of-crohn-s-disease-patients-infodemiology-case-study-and-sentiment-analysis-of-facebook-and-twitter-posts
#20
Marco Roccetti, Gustavo Marfia, Paola Salomoni, Catia Prandi, Rocco Maurizio Zagari, Faustine Linda Gningaye Kengni, Franco Bazzoli, Marco Montagnani
BACKGROUND: Data concerning patients originates from a variety of sources on social media. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show how methodologies borrowed from different areas including computer science, econometrics, statistics, data mining, and sociology may be used to analyze Facebook data to investigate the patients' perspectives on a given medical prescription. METHODS: To shed light on patients' behavior and concerns, we focused on Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, and the specific therapy with the biological drug Infliximab...
August 9, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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