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Nepal Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181230/fungal-keratitis-study-of-increasing-trend-and-common-determinants
#1
Yogesh Acharya, Bhawana Acharya, Priyanka Karki
Fungal keratitis is one of the leading cause of ocular morbidity. Fungal keratitis possesses a clinical challenge due to its slow pathologic process, overlapping features, diagnostic difficulty, and potential complications. Its increasing trend can be attributed to the use of contact lens, non-judiciary corticosteroid, and vegetative trauma. Early diagnosis and treatment is the cornerstone for its effective control. Knowledge of pathological course and clinical characteristics of fungal keratitis will definitely add in early diagnosis and treatment, with reduction in ocular morbidity...
June 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181229/lexis-expansion-a-prerequisite-for-analyzing-time-changing-variables-in-a-cohort-study
#2
Nitika, Sidharth Sekhar Mishra, Pallavi Lohani
In a prospective analytical cohort study or a study involving a longer follow up, changing age of participants influence the relationship between exposure and outcome. Usually age at entry is incorporated in the regression model to adjust for age. However, this fails to fully explain and adjust for changing age. For this Lexis expansion, a concept by Wilhelm Lexis, allows the analyst to expand the observations as per age bands and check for confounding and interaction by changing age. Lexis expansion assumes the rates to be constant within an age band...
June 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181228/knowledge-of-warning-signs-presenting-symptoms-and-risk-factors-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-the-population-of-dubai-and-northern-emirates-in-uae-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nelofar Sami Khan, Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Gomathi Kadayam Guruswami, Salwa Abdelzaher Mabrouk Ibrahim, Sana Abdul Jabbar Mustafa
Background: To evaluate the level of knowledge regarding warning signs, presenting symptoms and risk factors associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) among population of Dubai and Northern Emirates in UAE. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey of 1367 residents of Dubai and Northern Emirates was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Respondents were classified into two groups: Young Adult Population (YAP; 18-24 years of age) and General Population (GP; 25 years and older)...
June 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181227/dengue-the-break-bone-fever-outbreak-in-kerala-india
#4
EDITORIAL
Indrajit Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970948/hospital-based-cancer-incidence-in-nepal-from-2010-to-2013
#5
Krishna Kanta Poudel, Zhibi Huang, Prakash Raj Neupane, Roberta Steel, Janaki Kharel Poudel
BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death throughout the world. Analyzing the incidence of cancer by site, sex and age is essential to detect the burden of cancer. Throughout the twelve hospital based cancer registries of Nepal, a total of 29,802 cancer cases with known age, were registered from January 1st 2010 to 2013 December 31st. The purpose of this retrospective study is to present the incidence of all cancer sites in both males and females for this period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper reviews data from all the hospital based cancer registries over a four-year period...
March 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970947/ethnic-variations-in-perception-of-human-papillomavirus-and-its-vaccination-among-young-women-in-nepal
#6
Brijesh Sathian, M G Ramesh Babu, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Indrajit Banerjee, Bedanta Roy, Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Elayedath Rajesh, Suresh Devkota
BACKGROUND: The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is strongly associated with cervical and other cancers. In women, cervical cancer is the third most common cancer. HPV infection can be largely prevented through vaccination of (adolescent) girls. At the same time, Nepal is a low-income country experiencing a cultural change in attitudes towards sex and sexual behaviour. However, in the adolescent population knowledge about HPV, factors associated with an increased risk of HPV and the existence of the vaccination is often low...
March 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970946/scientific-publications-and-the-curriculum-vitae-a-medical-student-s-achilles-heel
#7
EDITORIAL
Brijesh Sathian, Huda Fatima, Syed Ather Hussain, Ritesh G Menezes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804676/guide-to-the-design-and-application-of-online-questionnaire-surveys
#8
Pramod R Regmi, Elizabeth Waithaka, Anjana Paudyal, Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen
Collecting research data through traditional approaches (face-to-face, postal or telephone survey) can be costly and time consuming. The emerging data collection approach based on internet/e-based technologies (e.g. online platforms and email), is a relatively cost effective survey alternative. These novel data collection strategies can collect large amounts of data from participants in a short time frame. Similarly, they also seem to be feasible and effective in collecting data on sensitive issues or with samples they are generally hard to reach, for example, men who have sex with men (MSM) or migrants...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804675/transition-in-dental-treatment-utilization-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#9
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, A Ishrat
BACKGROUND: Utilization of health services is the actual attendance by the members of the public at health care facilities to receive care. Utilization, serves as an important tool for oral health policy decision-making. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively gauge and assess the utilization pattern of the dental treatments which was given in hospital for last 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective infirmary based study was carried out at Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804674/systematic-differences-in-hiv-syphilis-and-risk-behaviors-among-street-based-and-establishment-based-female-sex-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal
#10
Sampurna Kakchapati, Tarun Paudel, Manju Maharjan, Apiradee Lim
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are main drivers of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The work environment of sex work in Nepal is differentiated into establishment based (e.g. massage parlors, dance restaurants, hotels and lodges) and street based (e.g. streets, parks and markets). The study compares HIV, syphilis and risk behaviours among establishment-based FSWs and street-based FSWs in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveys in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2015 aimed to sample 2093 FSWs using two stage cluster sampling in the Kathmandu valley...
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804673/changing-trends-in-oral-cancer-a-global-scenario
#11
REVIEW
Neha Gupta, Ritu Gupta, Arun Kumar Acharya, Basavaraj Patthi, Venkatesh Goud, Somanath Reddy, Anshul Garg, Ashish Singla
Oral cancer is one of the highly prevalent cancers worldwide and a leading cause of mortality in certain regions like South-Central Asia. It is a major public health problem. Late diagnosis, high mortality rates and morbidity are characteristics of the disease worldwide. For control of oral cancer an idea of the coverage of the same in the various regions is necessary. The estimated incidence, mortality and 5-year survival due to lip, oral cavity cancer in world is 3, 00, 373(2.1%), 1, 45, 328(1.8%) and 7, 02, 149(2...
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804672/necessity-of-oral-health-intervention-in-schizophrenic-patients-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Swati Gupta, Pratibha Pk, Richa Gupta
Individuals with mental illness often cannot perform day to day activities due to a psychiatric or emotional disorder. Schizophrenia is one such psychiatric disorder characterized by worsening self-care ability with progressing mental illness. This disease may potentially deteriorate oral health by affecting the subject's ability to perform oral hygiene measures. Literature on oral disease manifestations in schizophrenia is limited. Lack of desire for oral health care as well as generally poor awareness of oral health issues in these patients, compounded further by side effects of medications, may complicate dental management in schizophrenic patients...
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804671/honesty-is-the-best-policy-a-brief-overview-of-retraction-notices
#13
EDITORIAL
Ritesh G Menezes, Pradhum Ram, Huda Fatima, Brijesh Sathian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822405/job-satisfaction-among-doctors-of-a-government-medical-college-and-hospital-of-eastern-india
#14
Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Kuntala Ray, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Abhijit Mukherjee, Hironmoy Roy, Saikat Datta
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction expresses the extent of congruence between an individual’s expectation of the job and the reward that the job provides.Job satisfaction among doctors is an issue that is of utmost importance because offactors like patient relationships and time pressures associated with managed care. The current study was done to determine the level of job satisfaction in doctors posted in a tertiary care hospital of eastern India and to find out the factors associated with it...
October 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822404/evolution-of-technology-in-teaching-blackboard-and-beyond-in-medical-education
#15
REVIEW
Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Susirith Mendis, Lisha Jenny John, Nisha Shanthakumari, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Rizwana B Shaikh
TEACHING AND LEARNING: the passing of knowledge from one generation to another - has been in existence from the earliest times of human civilization. It began in 1801, with a large piece of slate hung on the wall in a school in Scotland to provide information to a large audience at one time. In the US by mid-19th century, every class room had a blackboard to teach students. The modern version of the blackboard is either green or brown board. This was introduced in late 1960s. The whiteboards came into use during the late 1980s...
October 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822403/zika-an-emerging-global-threat
#16
EDITORIAL
Priyanka Shakya, Brijesh Sathian, Nayak Niranjan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774348/burden-of-fungal-infections-in-nepal
#17
EDITORIAL
Niranjan Nayak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774347/harrowing-blindness-and-ocular-morbidity-in-a-himalayan-village
#18
EDITORIAL
Amrit Pokharel, Kandel Himal, Shrestha Reshma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774346/self-medication-practice-among-preclinical-university-students-in-a-medical-school-from-the-city-of-pokhara-nepal
#19
Indrajit Banerjee, Brijesh Sathian, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Annavarapu Amarendra, Bedanta Roy, Pugazhandhi Bakthavatchalam, Archana Saha, Indraneel Banerjee
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Nepal medicines can be acquired from the chemist's without of a prescription which sometime may have many drawbacks due to intake of excessive drugs without a proper diagnosis. The primary objective of the study was to find out the pattern of self-medication practice among the preclinical medical students at Manipal College of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried out using structured questionnaire at Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal between November 2012- July 2014...
June 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774345/age-specific-incidence-of-five-major-cancers-in-nepal-2012
#20
Krishna Kanta Poudel, Zhibi Huang, Prakash Raj Neupane
BACKGROUND: Population based cancer registry is inevitable to measure the indicators of cancer. This retrospective study was conducted to perform the age specific incidence and age standardized rate of cancer by sex, age and sites in Nepal, 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data collected by hospital based National cancer registry programme of Nepal were used to calculate the age specific incidence of five major cancers by sex and sites. The age standardized rate of ten major cancers, both in males and females of 2012 was also performed...
June 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
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