journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Hypertension

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879040/comparison-of-effects-between-calcium-channel-blocker-and-diuretics-in-combination-with-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blocker-on-24-h-central-blood-pressure-and-vascular-hemodynamic-parameters-in-hypertensive-patients-study-design-for-a-multicenter-double-blinded
#1
Gyu Chul Oh, Hae-Young Lee, Wook Jin Chung, Ho-Joong Youn, Eun-Joo Cho, Ki-Chul Sung, Shung Chull Chae, Byung-Su Yoo, Chang Gyu Park, Soon Jun Hong, Young Kwon Kim, Taek-Jong Hong, Dong-Ju Choi, Min Su Hyun, Jong Won Ha, Young Jo Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myeong Chan Cho, Soon-Gil Kim, Jinho Shin, Sungha Park, Il-Suk Sohn, Chong-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke, and is one of the leading causes of death. Although over a billion people are affected worldwide, only half of them receive adequate treatment. Current guidelines on antihypertensive treatment recommend combination therapy for patients not responding to monotherapy, but as the number of pills increase, patient compliance tends to decrease. As a result, fixed-dose combination drugs with different antihypertensive agents have been developed and widely used in recent years...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852570/internal-validation-of-an-automated-system-for-brachial-and-femoral-flow-mediated-dilation
#2
Brycen Ratcliffe, Robert Pawlak, Francisco Morales, Caleb Harrison, Alvaro N Gurovich
BACKGROUND: Flow Mediated Dilation (FMD) has immense potential to become a clinical, non-invasive biomarker of endothelial function and nitric oxide bioavailability, which regulate vasomotor activity. Unfortunately, FMD analysis techniques could deviate significantly in different laboratories if a validation process is not involved. The purpose of this study was to provide validation to the assessment of FMD analysis in our laboratory and to standardize this process before reporting results of FMD...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794898/a-multicenter-cohort-study-of-primary-hypertension-in-korea-study-design-and-interim-analysis-of-the-korean-registry-of-target-organ-damage-in-hypertension-korhr
#3
Suk-Won Choi, Seong Woo Han, Jong Sun Ok, Byung-Su Yoo, Mi-Seung Shin, Sung Ha Park, Kyu-Hyung Ryu
BACKGROUND: The Korean Registry of Target Organ Damage in Hypertension aims to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prevalence of subclinical target organ damage in Korean hypertensive patients. METHOD: This is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study in which 23 university hospitals participated. Since May 2013, we have enrolled 1,318 consecutive hypertensive patients without known cardiovascular disease who met the following inclusion criteria: 1) age older than 30 years and 2) the first visit to the participating hospitals was within the last 5 years...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725455/effect-of-respiratory-pattern-on-automated-clinical-blood-pressure-measurement-an-observational-study-with-normotensive-subjects
#4
Natalia Herakova, Nnenna Harmony Nzeribe Nwobodo, Ying Wang, Fei Chen, Dingchang Zheng
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that deep breathing could reduce blood pressures (BP) in general. It is also known that BP is decreased during inhalation and increased during exhalation. Therefore, the measured BPs could be potentially different during deep breathing with different lengths of inhalation and exhalation. This study aimed to quantitatively investigate the effect of different respiratory patterns on BPs. METHODS: Forty healthy subjects (20 males and 20 females, aged from 18 to 60 years) were recruited...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690867/determinants-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-among-clients-on-anti-retroviral-therapy-in-kadoma-city-zimbabwe-2016
#5
Pamela Nyaradzai Magande, Daniel Chirundu, Notion Tafara Gombe, More Mungati, Mufuta Tshimanga
BACKGROUND: Clients on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) are living longer and have risk of hypertension. Side effects of medicines and aging increase this risk. Hypertension prevalence among clients on ART in Kadoma City was estimated to be 30% in 2015. Of these, 61% had uncontrolled hypertension. This was high compared to 46% of hypertensives in the general population who had uncontrolled hypertension. We determined factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among clients on ART...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638629/pathophysiology-of-copeptin-in-kidney-disease-and-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Baris Afsar
Copeptin is derived from the cleavage of the precursor of arginine vasopressin (AVP), produced in an equimolar ratio in hypothalamus and processed during axonal transport AVP is an unstable peptide and has a short half-life of 5-20 min. Unlike AVP, copeptin is a stable molecule and can easily be measured. Recent evidence suggest that increased copeptin levels have been associated with worse outcomes in various clinical conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension. In this review, the data regarding copeptin with kidney function (evaluated as glomerular filtration rate, increased albumin/protein excretion or both) and hypertension with regard to performed studies, prognosis and pathogenesis was summarised...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588902/hypertensive-response-to-exercise-and-exercise-training-in-hypertension-odd-couple-no-more
#7
Elisa Caldarone, Paolo Severi, Mario Lombardi, Stefania D'Emidio, Andrea Mazza, Maria Grazia Bendini, Massimo Leggio
The diagnostic and prognostic implication of exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise has been controversial, with opinions ranging from a benign process to a harbinger of potential cardiovascular morbidity. Nonetheless, lowering of blood pressure and prevention of hypertension is in first instance preferable by lifestyle changes, and many studies have shown the inverse association between physical activity level and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases suggesting low aerobic fitness as a strong predictor for future cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in both healthy and cardiovascular disease patients, including those with hypertension...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515958/attitudes-and-preferences-for-the-clinical-management-of-hypertension-and-hypertension-related-cerebrovascular-disease-in-the-general-practice-results-of-the-italian-hypertension-and-brain-survey
#8
Giuliano Tocci, Arrigo F Cicero, Massimo Salvetti, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Andrea Ferrucci, Claudio Borghi, Massimo Volpe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this survey was to evaluate attitudes and preferences for the clinical management of hypertension and hypertension-related cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) in Italy. METHODS: A predefined 16-item survey questionnaire was anonymously administered to a large community sample of general practitioners (GPs), trained by specialized physicians (SPs), who have been included in an educational program between January and November 2015. RESULTS: A total of 591 physicians, among whom 48 (8%) training SPs and 543 (92%) trained GPs, provided 12,258 valid answers to the survey questionnaire...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469934/systolic-blood-pressure-but-not-electrocardiogram-qrs-duration-is-associated-with-heart-rate-variability-hrv-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-australian-non-diabetics
#9
Yvonne Yin Leng Lee, Herbert F Jelinek, Craig S McLachlan
BACKGROUND: A positive correlation between ECG derived QRS duration and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters had previously been reported in young healthy adults. We note this study used a narrow QRS duration range, and did not adjust for systolic blood pressure. Our aims are to investigate associations between systolic blood pressure (SBP), QRS duration and HRV in a rural aging population. METHODS: A retrospective cross sectional population was obtained from the CSU Diabetes Screening Research Initiative data base where 200 participants had no diabetes or pre-diabetes...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417009/revised-definition-of-predicted-left-ventricular-mass-using-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-healthy-korean-adults
#10
Bae Keun Kim, Enshi Xu, Bo Youl Choi, Yonggu Lee, Soon Gil Kim, Yukio Yamori, Jinho Shin
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy is influenced by both hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic factors. Ambulatory blood pressure is correlated with left ventricular hypertrophy. We established the influences of hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic factors, including ambulatory blood pressure, on variation in left ventricular mass in healthy Korean adults. METHOD: We included 172 subjects (male = 71, female = 101), with normal body mass index and blood pressure, in an analysis of data from the Yangpyung and Yeoju cohort studies and a tertiary cardiovascular center...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373912/carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-hypertensive-heart-disease-a-short-review
#11
REVIEW
Costan G Magnussen
Sustained by its relative ease of assessment, carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) has emerged as an important surrogate marker of target organ damage in hypertensive heart disease over the last three decades. However, the prognostic utility of cIMT in hypertensive heart disease differs depending on its application. This review outlines cIMT and its prognostic utility among patients with hypertensive heart disease. It provides an overview of limitations of cIMT and areas for future research.
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361007/association-of-angiotensinogen-gene-snps-and-haplotypes-with-risk-of-hypertension-in-eastern-indian-population
#12
Pulakes Purkait, Kalpataru Halder, Sunil Thakur, Abhishikta Ghosh Roy, Pradip Raychaudhuri, Sandip Bhattacharya, B N Sarkar, J M Naidu
BACKGROUND: Angiotensinogen (AGT) enzyme comprises a vital module of RAAS system that effectively controls the blood pressure and related cardiovascular functions. Ample association studies have reported the importance of AGT variants in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular adversities. But lately, owing to the complexity of the many anomalies, the haplotype based examination of genetic variation that facilitates the identification of polymorphic sites which are located in the vicinity of the causative polymorphic site, gets greater appreciation...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331633/office-orthostatic-blood-pressure-measurements-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-prediction-of-autonomic-dysfunction
#13
Kawther F Alquadan, Girish Singhania, Abhilash Koratala, Abutaleb A Ejaz
BACKGROUND: In this retrospective analysis we investigated the predictive performance of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABP) to predict autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Statistical associations among the candidate variables were investigated and comparisons of predictive performances were performed using Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients were included for analysis...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265463/the-cardiovascular-risk-factors-associated-with-the-plaque-pattern-on-coronary-computed-tomographic-angiography-in-subjects-for-health-check-up
#14
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae-Ok Jung, Kiyuk Chang, Yun-Seok Choi, Jung Im Jung
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) offers highly negative predictive value to exclude obstructive coronary lesions, the plaque pattern on CCTA has not been fully understood. The purpose of this study was to explore the difference of the plaque patterns on CCTA and to assess the cardiovascular risks in healthy subjects. METHODS: A total of 3914 subjects (mean age: 55 ± 10 years, M : F = 2649 : 1265) who underwent CCTA for health check-up between January 2009 and December 2012 were enrolled...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228970/comparison-of-endothelial-function-improvement-estimated-with-reactive-hyperemia-index-between-ramipril-and-telmisartan-in-hypertensive-patients
#15
You-Jeong Ki, Jae-Bin Seo, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Woo-Hyun Lim, Hye Yeon Seo, Jin Yong Lee, Woo-Young Chung
BACKGROUND: Endothelium has a function to regulate vascular tone by releasing mediators either vasodilating or vasoconstricting blood vessels. Endothelial dysfunction can be measured conveniently by Reactive Hyperemia Index (RHI) with a peripheral arterial tonometry. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II (AT II) receptor blockers (ARBs) are considered to have beneficial effects on endothelium through inhibition of AT II. This study was performed to compare the effect of ACEIs or ARBs on endothelial function estimated by RHI in hypertensive patients...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191323/autonomic-imbalance-captures-maternal-and-fetal-circulatory-response-to-pre-eclampsia
#16
Igor Lakhno
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a gestational disease featured by hypertension, arterial systemic vasculopathy, multiple organ failure and fetal compromise. The aim of the investigation was to determine the role of maternal respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in regulation of the fetal circulatory system in case of healthy pregnancy and in PE. METHODS: The investigation of maternal and fetal HRV and fetal CTG variables in 106 patients at 34-40 weeks of gestation was performed...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105372/association-between-central-blood-pressure-arterial-stiffness-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#17
R Suleman, R Padwal, P Hamilton, A Senthilselvan, K Alagiakrishnan
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between central blood pressure (CBP) indices and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in adults over the age of 50. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted using a non-invasive SphygmoCor XCEL device. CBP indices and brachial blood pressure were measured in 50 inpatients and outpatients. MCI was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument and by the European Consortium Criteria (ECC). RESULTS: Seventy-six percent of subjects had hypertension, and 52% were diagnosed as having MCI using the ECC...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074153/effects-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity
#18
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Woo-Baek Chung, Yun-Seok Choi, Jong-Min Lee, Chul-Soo Park, Hae-Ok Jung, Hui-Kyung Jeon, Man-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the value and evaluate the validity of non-invasive methods for the detection of vascular stiffness in never-treated individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A total of 59 subjects (mean age, 60 ± 12 years; male:female = 35:24) were enrolled in the study and were categorized into the positive MetS (MetS[+]: N = 32) and negative group (MetS[-]: N = 27), according to the parameters set by the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828178/relationship-between-retinopathy-and-renal-abnormalities-in-black-hypertensive-patients
#19
A B Omotoso, P M Kolo, T O Olanrewaju, J F Owoeye, S A Biliaminu, V A Olatunji
BACKGROUND: Complications of hypertension are particularly common in people of African descent but previous reports had suggested rarity of hypertensive retinopathy in black Africans. We evaluated retinal changes among Nigerian hypertensive patients and determined their relationship with renal function. METHODS: Consecutive Hypertensive patients who were ≥18 years were selected for the study. Socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were measured...
2016: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031983/the-flavor-and-acceptability-of-six-different-potassium-enriched-sodium-reduced-iodized-salts-a-single-blind-randomized-crossover-design
#20
Akram Maleki, Ali Reza Soltanian, Fatemeh Zeraati, Vida Sheikh, Jalal Poorolajal
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a serious public health problem. Potassium-enriched salt is suggested as a tool for lowering blood pressure. However, its flavor and taste acceptability is essential for population-based salt reduction strategy and needs to be well-understood. This trial assessed the flavor and taste acceptability of six different potassium-enriched iodized salts in the general population. METHODS: We conducted this crossover trial from May to June 2016, enrolling 100 normal volunteer subjects aged 11 to 64 years...
2016: Clinical Hypertension
journal
journal
52880
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"