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Clinical Spine Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351096/discrepancies-in-the-definition-of-outpatient-surgeries-and-their-effect-on-study-outcomes-related-to-acdf-and-lumbar-discectomy-procedures-a-retrospective-analysis-of-45-204-cases
#1
Patawut Bovonratwet, Matthew L Webb, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Raj J Gala, Stephen J Nelson, Ryan P McLynn, Jonathan J Cui, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To study the differences in definition of "inpatient" and "outpatient" [stated status vs. actual length of stay (LOS)], and the effect of defining populations based on the different definitions, for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and lumbar discectomy procedures in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been an overall trend toward performing ACDF and lumbar discectomy in the outpatient setting...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351095/the-effect-of-ketorolac-on-thoracolumbar-posterolateral-fusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jesse Li, Remi M Ajiboye, Michael H Orden, Akshay Sharma, Austin Drysch, Sina Pourtaheri
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative ketorolac administration (ie, dosage and duration of use) on pseudarthrosis following thoracolumbar posterolateral spinal fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug often administered for pain control after spine surgery. The main concern with ketorolac is the risk of pseudarthrosis following fusion...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315122/should-patients-with-recurrent-lumbar-disc-herniations-be-fused
#3
Michael J Elsenbeck, Stephen Fernicola, Scott C Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315121/cervical-total-disk-arthroplasty
#4
Timothy T Roberts, Ryan J Filler, Jason W Savage, Edward C Benzel
In the United States, cervical total disk arthroplasty (TDA) is US Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved for use in both 1 and 2-level constructions for cervical disk disease resulting in myelopathy and/or radiculopathy. TDA designs vary in form, function, material composition, and even performance in vivo. However, the therapeutic goals are the same: to remove the painful degenerative/damaged elements of the intervertebral discoligamenous joint complex, to preserve or restore the natural range of spinal motion, and to mitigate stresses on adjacent spinal segments, thereby theoretically limiting adjacent segment disease (ASDis)...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315120/ethnic-variations-in-radiographic-parameters-and-srs-22-scores-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-comparison-between-north-american-and-japanese-patients-above-50-years-of-age-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#5
Naobumi Hosogane, Christopher Ames, Morio Matsumoto, Mitsuru Yagi, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Taneichi, Yu Yamato, Daisaku Takeuchi, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of North American and Japanese adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnical differences in radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 between North American and Japanese ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous comparison study between North American and Japanese ASD patients has revealed Japanese patients had marked pelvic tilt deformity and had lower Oswestry Disability Index scores corresponding to established thresholds of radiographic deformity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315119/cervical-artificial-disc-replacement-with-discover-prosthesis-does-not-reduce-the-midterm-risk-of-heterotopic-ossification-results-of-a-cohort-study
#6
Jinhao Miao, Ye Shen, Chao Li, Lei Fang, Lei Zhang, Xiangyi Zhang, Yiman Li, Yong Kuang
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with 79 patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the midterm incidence of heterotopic ossification (HO) after cervical artificial disc replacement with Discover prosthesis in treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 79 patients with 102 Discover prostheses (56 monosegment and 23 bisegments) was evaluated. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed. The performance of HO of the operative segments was assessed annually after the operation for 4 years...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315118/characteristics-of-cervical-spine-motion-in-different-types-of-cervical-alignment-kinematic-mri-study
#7
Kittipong Sessumpun, Permsak Paholpak, Kevork N Hindoyan, Koji Tamai, Thananit Sangkomkamhang, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how each type of sagittal cervical alignment affects the motion of the upper and subaxial cervical spine using kinematic magnetic resonance imaging. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The sagittal malalignment of the cervical spine from degeneration in the subaxial cervical spine reflects a disruption in the kinematic properties of the cervical spine and affects the motion of adjacent segments...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315117/heterogeneity-of-reporting-outcomes-in-the-spine-surgery-literature
#8
Maxwell E Cooper, Luke A Torre-Healy, Vincent J Alentado, Samuel Cho, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
STUDY DESIGN: Review of spine surgery literature between 2005 and 2014 to assess the reporting of patient outcomes by determining the variability of use of patient outcomes metrics in the following categories: pain and disability, patient satisfaction, readmission, and depression. OBJECTIVE: Expose the heterogeneity of outcomes reporting and discuss current initiatives to create more homogenous outcomes databases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been a recent focus on the reporting of quality metrics associated with spine surgery outcomes...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315116/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-analyzing-internet-based-education-material
#9
Jessica Bryant, Rohith Mohan, Brian Koottappillil, Kevin Wong, Paul H Yi
STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the content of information available on the Internet regarding minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients look to the Internet for quick and accessible information on orthopedic procedures to help guide their personal decision making process regarding the care they receive. However, the quality of internet-based orthopedic education material varies significantly with respect to accuracy and readability...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293102/disparities-and-the-american-health-care-system
#10
Sheena A Amin, Richard M McEntee, Scott C Wagner, Gregory D Schroeder, John J Knightly, Alexander R Vaccaro
The United States' health care system is often compared with those of other industrialized countries, and consistently ranks poorly in terms of health care delivery, efficiency, and quality. However, there are several considerations unique to the United States that are often distorted in these analyses, and when considered in the context of the convoluted ethnic and social disparities that persist in the United States, the successes of the American health care system become more apparent.
December 29, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293101/the-risks-of-hepatitis-c-in-association-with-cervical-spinal-surgery-analysis-of-radiculopathy-and-myelopathy-patients
#11
Joshua D Lavian, Daniel P Murray, Douglas A Hollern, Lee Bloom, Neil V Shah, Daniel Gewolb, Frank A Segreto, Shahla Powell, James C Messina, Qais Naziri, Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Carl B Paulino, Bassel G Diebo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To investigate rates of in-hospital postsurgical complications among hepatitis C-infected patients after cervical spinal surgery in comparison with uninfected patients and determine independent risk factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Studying hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a possible risk factor for cervical spine postoperative complications is prudent, given the high prevalence of cervical spondylosis and HCV in older patients...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286953/co-management-strategies-for-hospitals-and-orthopedic-and-neurosurgery-practices
#12
Scott G Tromanhauser
Co-management arrangements can be a very effective means of aligning physicians and their hospitals to gain care delivery efficiencies, control costs, and reduce variation in practices. In an era of value-based care delivery all aspects must be examined and the appropriate incentives put in place to reduce waste and optimize asset and resource utilization. This article will review legal considerations, define basic co-management structure and goals, and suggest examples of metrics used to achieve success.
December 28, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283901/vertebroplasty-and-kyphoplasty-for-metastatic-spinal-lesions-a-systematic-review
#13
Mohsen Sadeghi-Naini, Shahram Aarabi, Farhad Shokraneh, Leila Janani, Alexander R Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
INTRODUCTION: The spine is the most common site of bone metastases. Vertebroplasty (VP) and kyphoplasty (KP) have been proposed as potential minimally invasive therapeutic options for metastatic spinal lesion (MSL) pain. However, the efficacy of VP and KP on MSL pain is currently unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of VP and KP compared with each other, usual care, or other treatments on pain, disability, and quality of life following MSL...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252599/laminoplasty-is-the-preferred-procedure-for-a-posteriorly-based-multilevel-surgery-in-a-patient-with-a-neutral-spine-and-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-true-or-false
#14
Ian D Kaye, Alan S Hilibrand, Patrick B Morrissey, Alexander R Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232205/is-the-lateral-transpsoas-approach-to-the-lumbar-spine-safe-at-l4-l5
#15
Scott C Wagner, Alexander R Vaccaro, Adam J Bevevino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189218/adjacent-level-degeneration-bryan-total-disc-arthroplasty-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#16
Justin Miller, Rick Sasso, Paul Anderson, K Daniel Riew, Austin McPhilamy, Thomas Gianaris
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized, 2-center, clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare adjacent level degeneration between the Bryan Cervical Disc Prosthesis and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and assess the reliability of our measurements utilizing a method not previously described. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is a reliable and proven procedure for the treatment of radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. Despite a successful track record several limitations including adjacent segment degeneration/disease, loss of viscoelastic disc properties, perioperative immobilization, graft site morbidity, pseudarthrosis, and plating complications have been identified...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135610/meralgia-paresthetica-after-spine-surgery-on-the-jackson-table
#17
Nitin Agarwal, Jaydev B Mistry, Preeya V Khandge, David R Hansberry, Ira M Goldstein
Meralgia paresthetica is a non-life-threatening neurological disorder characterized by numbness, tingling, and burning pain over the anterolateral thigh due to impingement of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. This disorder has been seen in patients with diabetes mellitus and obesity, but has also been observed in patients after procedures such as posterior spine surgery, iliac crest bone grafts, lumbar disk surgery, hernia repair, appendectomies, and pelvic osteotomies that ultimately lead to compression or damage to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135609/is-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-interbody-fusion-superior-to-traditional-open-technique
#18
Nathan R Wanderman, Elvis L Francois, Ahmad Nassr, Arjun S Sebastian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135608/the-epidemiology-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-the-united-states-from-1998-to-2013
#19
Kimona Issa, Bassel G Diebo, Michael Faloon, Qais Naziri, Sina Pourtaheri, Carl B Paulino, Arash Emami
STUDY DESIGN: This is a epidemiological database analysis. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article are to assess the following characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO): (1) incidence and patient demographics, (2) mortality rate, (3) length-of-stay (LOS), and (4) admission costs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: VO is a serious disease with potentially devastating clinical consequences. At present, there is limited data on the epidemiology of VO in the United States as previous reports are based on older studies with small sample sizes...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112006/modified-lumbosacral-angle-and-modified-pelvic-incidence-as-new-parameters-for-management-of-pediatric-high-grade-spondylolisthesis
#20
Zhenjiang Ma, Changqing Zhao, Kai Zhang, Lin Du, Jianping Tian, Xiaojiang Sun, Jie Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce new parameters that can better describe the pelvic morphology and lumbosacral segmental deformity in children with high-grade spondylolisthesis of the L5 vertebra: modified pelvic incidence (mPI) and modified lumbosacral angle (mLSA). Also, we aimed to establish the mLSA as a convenient, reliable measurement method and criteria to evaluate the reduction of L5 vertebral slippage. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Numerous parameters and methods exist to evaluate segmental deformity and reduction of L5 vertebral slippage, but no definitive standard for accurately and conveniently describing lumbosacral kyphosis and degree of reduction exists...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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