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Translational Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#1
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795013/management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-and-adolescents-engaging-in-physical-activity
#2
REVIEW
Silpa Nadella, Justin A Indyk, Manmohan K Kamboj
Regular physical activity is an important component in the management of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM), as it has the potential to improve glycemic control, delay cardiovascular complications, and increase overall well-being. Unfortunately, many children and adolescents with diabetes do not partake in regular exercise and physical activity for multiple reasons. This review identifies the barriers to participation from the aspect of the patient, caregiver, and the healthcare provider...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795012/chronic-kidney-disease-and-sports-participation-by-children-and-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
Vimal Master Sankar Raj, Dilip R Patel, Lakshmi Ramachandran
Individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) deal with major morbidity and mortality including poor exercise tolerance. A variety of factors including anemia, poor muscle mass, cardiovascular changes and limited physical activity contribute to exercise intolerance. Studies suggest that early initiation of aerobic and resistance training improves the muscle function, ability to tolerate exercise and quality of life in CKD patients. A thorough medical examination and exercise testing are recommended before initiating an exercise regimen in individuals with CKD...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795011/cardiac-screening-to-prevent-sudden-death-in-young-athletes
#4
REVIEW
Christopher Schmehil, Devika Malhotra, Dilip R Patel
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a sudden and unexpected death caused by loss of heart of function. SCD may occur in any population, but when it occurs on the playing field in a young individual, communities worldwide are affected. Although these events are rare, media coverage of sudden cardiac arrests in young athletes have created the impression that these events are far more common than they appear. With a heightened awareness of SCD in young athletes, screening methods have been developed to try and prevent these events from occurring...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795010/evaluation-and-management-of-knee-pain-in-young-athletes-overuse-injuries-of-the-knee
#5
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ana Villalobos
Recurrent or chronic activity related knee pain is common in young athletes. Numerous intrinsic conditions affecting the knee can cause such pain. In addition, knee pain can be referred pain from low back, hip or pelvic pathology. The most common cause of knee pain in young athletes is patellofemoral pain syndrome, or more appropriately termed idiopathic anterior knee pain. Although, numerous anatomical and biomechanical factors have been postulated to contribute the knee pain in young athletes, the most common underlying reason is overuse injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795009/evaluation-and-management-of-shoulder-pain-in-skeletally-immature-athletes
#6
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Stephen Breisach
Shoulder pain in young athletes generally is a result of poor sports technique and overuse. A number intrinsic causes of shoulder pain have been identified. Pain may also be referred to shoulder area from cervical spine, neck and chest pathology. Overuse stress injury of the proximal humeral physis is important to recognize early in order to prevent later complications. Shoulder impingement syndrome is a general term used to describe multiple underlying lesions and relatively uncommon in young athletes. In adolescent athletes, glenohumeral instability is an important underlying pathomechanical basis for shoulder pain...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795008/sports-participation-recommendations-for-patients-with-bleeding-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Cailly Howell, Katherine Scott, Dilip R Patel
There are several sets of guidelines recommending sports participation for patients with bleeding disorders. Though there is a perceived risk of injury and the associated bleeding complications, several studies have been done in this patient population and have found no increased risk. In addition, there are many other benefits to participation including improvement in physical fitness status, better health outcomes, improvement in quality of life, and the development of increased flexibility, gait coordination, and muscular strength, which may actually reduce the risk of subsequent injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795007/neurodevelopmental-readiness-of-children-for-participation-in-sports
#8
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Neelkamal Soares, Kimberly Wells
Many children participate in organized sports each year as a means of socialization, and physical skill building. Sports participation is dependent on physical growth, and neurodevelopmental readiness of the child. It is important to be aware of a child's level across the various streams of development and engage in specific strategies to optimize their ability at each age group. This article first outlines developmental skills across various age groups in childhood, and makes suggestions for such strategies...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#9
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795005/participation-in-sports-in-relation-to-adolescent-growth-and-development
#10
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Dilip R Patel, Daphne Darmawan
Puberty is defined by physical growth, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maturation of psychosocial skills. The initiation and rate of progression of pubertal events varies among adolescents, but pubertal changes occur in a predictable stepwise manner. Factors including individual differences in physical and psychosocial development, stage of development based on age (early, middle, and late), and the rate of pubertal development, may all contribute to the way in which adolescents experience sports activities...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#11
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795003/resistance-training-for-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Allison M Myers, Nicholas W Beam, Joseph D Fakhoury
As more children and adolescents are becoming involved in exercise and school or community based athletics, attention is turned towards proper training and conditioning to optimize performance, stimulate athletic development and ensure safety while tolerating long-term competition. Resistance training (RT) refers to the methodology of ensuring such optimal performance and safety. This is a common component of sports and physical fitness in schools and organized athletic programs around the country. RT is a physical conditioning program that involves various training techniques (e...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795002/gastrointestinal-considerations-related-to-youth-sports-and-the-young-athlete
#13
REVIEW
Garrett Koon, Orhan Atay, Sameer Lapsia
Young athletes, though often healthy, can carry a variety of symptoms that may impede their participation in sports or other activities. Typically we might think of musculoskeletal and respiratory problems primarily, however disorders of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract must also be considered. In some instances musculoskeletal complaints may bring to light activity of an underlying GI condition as is the case with inflammatory bowel disease. Gastrointestinal symptoms in the young athlete can be quite significant and a nuisance for participation...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795001/evaluation-and-management-of-sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes
#14
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Venu Parachuri, Amrith Shettigar
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often go unrecognized. Concussion in sport may result either from a direct impact to the head or from indirect forces transmitted to the brain from impact elsewhere on the body. Concussions may also result from sudden acceleration, deceleration or rotational forces to the brain. The key features of concussion include confusion, impaired memory and reduced speed of information processing. Recovery may occur from a few days to several weeks or months...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795000/sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes-a-critical-public-health-problem-for-which-prevention-remains-an-elusive-goal
#15
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Diana Fidrocki, Venu Parachuri
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often unrecognized. Preventive strategies include education, modification of sport rules, use of equipment such as headgears, face masks and mouth guards, and neck muscle training. Evidence is limited to support effectiveness of these preventive measures with the exception of rule modification in some sports. In the United States, laws have been enacted that require medical evaluation and clearance prior to return to play; however, evidence thus far does not show that laws have been effective in reducing the incidence of concussions in sport...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503418/clown-therapy-not-only-a-pediatric-matter
#16
Alessandro Boscarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503417/indoor-outdoor-not-voluptuary-habit-pollution-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-systematic-review
#17
Laura Tenero, Giorgio Piacentini, Luana Nosetti, Emma Gasperi, Michele Piazza, Marco Zaffanello
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental pollutants is advocated to be a major risk factor, with increased morbidity and mortality in humans due to acute and chronic airway inflammation. The aim of the present review is to show the literature research regarding the link between the sleep-disordered breathing and exposure to indoor/outdoor pollution in children. We hypothesized that environmental air pollution can play a role in childhood sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search in Medline (with PubMed interface), Scopus and the ISI Web of Science using the keywords "sleep" or "sleep apnea" or "sleep disordered breathing" and "pollution" and "children" in "Title/Abstract/Keywords", with language restriction (non-English paper) and no date limitation to present...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503416/a-case-of-raoultella-planticola-causing-a-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-pediatric-patient
#18
Cailly Howell, Joseph Fakhoury
Raoultella planticola (R. planticola) is an abundant environmental bacterium that rarely infects humans. There is only one known case of R. planticola causing a urinary tract infection (UTI) in a pediatric patient. This is a second case of R. planticola potentially causing a symptomatic UTI in a 2-month-old female child with no known medical problems.
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503415/kickboxing-power-hour-case-report-of-fifth-metatarsal-apophysitis-iselin-disease-and-its-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features
#19
Nishant Gupta, Komal Sharma, Itisha Bansal, Yogesh Kumar, Daichi Hayashi
Youth now-a-days are getting more involved in mixed martial arts, with increasing number of cases of lateral foot pain due to various causes. The differential diagnoses of lateral foot pain in the pediatric population include avulsion fracture of the fifth metatarsal base, Jones fracture, diaphyseal stress fracture as well as os vesalianum pedis. We present a case of a 15-year-old athletic boy who presented with left lateral foot pain for a few weeks. The patient was actively involved in Kickboxing as well as active running...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503414/adult-onset-deletion-of-the-prader-willi-syndrome-susceptibility-gene-snord116-in-mice-results-in-reduced-feeding-and-increased-fat-mass
#20
Louise Purtell, Yue Qi, Lesley Campbell, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog
BACKGROUND: The imprinted small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) Snord116 is implicated in the aetiology of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a disease associated with hyperphagia and obesity. Germline deletion of Snord116 in mice has been found to lead to increased food intake but not to the development of obesity. To determine the role of Snord116 independent of potential compensatory developmental factors, we investigated the effects of conditional adult-onset deletion of Snord116 in mice. METHODS: Deletion of Snord116 was induced at 8 weeks of age by oral administration of tamoxifen to male Snord(lox/lox); ROSA(cre/+) mice, with vehicle-treated mice used as controls...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
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