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Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895933/influence-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-histamine-h2-receptor-antagonists-on-serum-phosphorus-level-control-by-calcium-carbonate-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-retrospective-medical-chart-review
#1
Masaomi Tatsuzawa, Ryuichi Ogawa, Atsushi Ohkubo, Kazuyo Shimojima, Kunimi Maeda, Hirotoshi Echizen, Akihisa Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: Hyperphosphatemia is one of the common complications in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Although calcium carbonate (CaC) is often used to control serum inorganic phosphorus level in dialysis patients, co-administration of gastric acid reducers (ARs) may interfere with the phosphate binding effect of CaC. We performed a retrospective medical chart review to study whether ARs attenuate the hypophosphatemic effect of CaC in patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: One hundred and eight chronic hemodialysis patients receiving either CaC alone or CaC concomitant with one of the ARs (proton pump inhibitors and histamine H2-receptor antagonists) were retrieved from the medical charts in Juntendo University Nerima Hospital...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891244/the-effectiveness-of-regional-cooling-for-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#2
Junya Sato, Megumi Mori, Satoru Nihei, Masumi Kumagai, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masahiro Kashiwaba, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: There are currently no promising therapies available to treat or prevent peripheral neuropathy (PN) induced by anticancer drugs in a cumulative dose-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of regional cooling of hands and feet in preventing paclitaxel (PTX)-induced PN. METHODS: Patients with gynecologic cancer who received a tri-weekly cycle of chemotherapy including PTX at doses of 150-175 mg/m(2) were included in this study. Regional cooling was performed by covering patient hands and feet with cold insulators during PTX administration (regional cooling group)...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843574/a-review-of-american-pharmacy-education-training-technology-and-practice
#3
REVIEW
Scott J Knoer, Allison R Eck, Amber J Lucas
In the United States, pharmacists are responsible for the provision of safe, effective, efficient, and accountable medication related-care for hospital and health-system patients. Leveraging automated technologies, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacist extenders are the means through which efficient, effective, and safe medication use processes are created and maintained. These strategies limit the amount of pharmacist resources needed for nonjudgmental tasks such as medication distribution, allowing more capacity for advanced direct patient care roles...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843573/cost-minimization-analysis-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-regimens-given-to-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-in-japan
#4
Kosuke Takata, Ken-Ichi Fujita, Yutaro Kubota, Hiroo Ishida, Wataru Ichikawa, Ken Shimada, Takashi Sekikawa, Iori Taki-Takemoto, Daisuke Kamei, Shinichi Iwai, Yasutsuna Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Consideration of medical costs as well as effectiveness and adverse events is rapidly been becoming an important factor in the selection of chemotherapy regimens. However, practical data on the costs of chemotherapy are scarce. We clinically estimated the medical costs of 6 adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for colorectal cancer on the basis of clinical and cost-related data and compared their cost-effectiveness by cost-minimization analyses. METHODS: All patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer between April 2012 and May 2015 at four hospitals affiliated with Showa University were studied retrospectively...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833760/possible-involvement-of-distinct-phylogenetic-clusters-of-hiv-1-variants-in-the-discrepancies-between-coreceptor-tropism-predictions-based-on-viral-rna-and-proviral-dna
#5
Hiroshi Kotani, Koji Sudo, Naoki Hasegawa, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Tomohisa Hayakawa, Osamu Iketani, Masaya Yamaguchi, Mayumi Mochizuki, Satoshi Iwata, Shingo Kato
BACKGROUND: The coreceptor tropism testing should be conducted prior to commencing a regimen containing a CCR5 antagonist for treatment of HIV-1 infection. For aviremic patients on long antiretroviral therapy, proviral DNA is often used instead of viral RNA in genotypic tropism testing. However, the tropism predictions from RNA and DNA are sometimes different. We examined the cause of the discrepancies between HIV-1 tropism predictions based on viral RNA and proviral DNA. METHODS: The nucleotide sequence of the env C2V3C3 region was determined using pair samples of plasma RNA and peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA from 50 HIV-1 subtype B-infected individuals using population-based sequencing...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826454/pregabalin-prescription-for-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-receiving-specialist-palliative-care-in-an-acute-hospital
#6
Ryo Yajima, Kazuaki Matsumoto, Yuya Ise, Norihito Suzuki, Yuta Yokoyama, Junko Kizu, Shiro Katayama
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is recommended as an adjuvant analgesic for neuropathic cancer-related pain, and may be taken at all steps of the World Health Organization analgesic ladder. However, unlike opioids, pregabalin treatments are limited to an oral administration route. If patients have oral feeding difficulties, it is not possible to administer any drug as an adjuvant analgesic for neuropathic cancer-related pain. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to clarify the problems of pain control after pregabalin discontinuation in terminally ill cancer patients...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826453/effectiveness-of-activated-carbon-masks-in-preventing-anticancer-drug-inhalation
#7
Junya Sato, Atushi Kogure, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: The exposure of healthcare workers to anticancer drugs such as cyclophosphamide (CPA) is a serious health concern. Anticancer drug pollution may spread outside biological safety cabinets even when a closed system is used. The inhalation of vaporized anticancer drugs is thought to be the primary route of exposure. Therefore, it is important that healthcare workers wear masks to prevent inhalation of anticancer drugs. However, the permeability of medical masks to vaporized anticancer drugs has not been examined...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800173/early-rehospitalization-after-initial-chronic-kidney-disease-educational-hospitalization-relates-with-a-multidisciplinary-medical-team
#8
Eiji Kose, Taesong An, Akihiko Kikkawa, Hiroyuki Hayashi
BACKGROUND: It is well-documented that chronic kidney disease (CKD) often results in end-stage renal failure and puts patients at extremely high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Educational hospitalization at medical institutions in Japan is important for patients with CKD because it facilitates treatment in earlier stages of CKD when subjective symptoms are not apparent. However, some patients who have achieved their educational targets tend to have poor compliance at home after discharge from the hospital, resulting in rehospitalization shortly...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729988/application-of-ozone-gas-for-decontamination-of-nucleoside-anticancer-drugs
#9
Ayumi Tsukamoto, Shunji Ishiwata, Asami Kajimoto, Ryusuke Murata, Rika Kitano, Tomomi Inoue, Takeshi Kotake
BACKGROUND: Exposure to anticancer drugs is hazardous and may lead to chromosomal abnormalities and spontaneous abortion in healthcare workers. Guidelines recommend surface decontamination and cleaning in order to minimize the occupational exposure to anticancer drugs, although no single process has been found to deactivate all currently available hazardous drugs. Ozone gas is oxidative and a decontaminant for bacteria; its characteristic as a gas has advantages in that it does not need to be wiped off or neutralized after use...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729987/validated-determination-method-of-tramadol-and-its-desmethylates-in-human-plasma-using-an-isocratic-lc-ms-ms-and-its-clinical-application-to-patients-with-cancer-pain-or-non-cancer-pain
#10
Hironari Tanaka, Takafumi Naito, Yasuaki Mino, Junichi Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop a simultaneous determination method for tramadol and its desmethylates in human plasma using isocratic liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry and to validate it for pharmacokinetic evaluation in patients with cancer pain or non-cancer pain. METHODS: The pretreatments for human plasma involved protein precipitation using acetonitrile and methanol under basic conditions. Tramadol, O-desmethylate, N-desmethylate, and N,O-didesmethylate were separated on an octadecylsilyl column filled with 3-μm particles using isocratic mixture of methanol and 0...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708837/a-novel-predictive-factor-for-the-onset-time-of-docetaxel-induced-onychopathy-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#11
Hidenobu Takahata, Kouichi Tanabe, Akiyoshi Takaki, Tsuneaki Yamanouchi, Yasuhiko Mimura, Atsumi Nitta, Hatsuna Yasuda, Tatsuhiko Kashii, Isao Adachi
BACKGROUND: Taxanes are known to cause onychopathy. Previous studies have reported the relationship between onychopathy and paclitaxel dosing intervals and cumulative doses. However, there are no studies of the predictive factors for docetaxel-induced nail changes. The present study used the drug accumulation rate (mg/m(2)/day) as a novel indicator and evaluated its usefulness for the prediction of onychopathy. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2009, we examined patients who received docetaxel at the Toyama University Hospital and Tonami General Hospital to determine the time to onset of onychopathy, the accumulation rate, and the cumulative dose...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688901/correlation-between-blood-magnesium-and-calcium-concentration-in-patients-treated-with-an-anti-egfr-antibody
#12
Toshiyasu Tsujii, Takafumi Ogaki, Kaori Nakae, Kiyotaka Imai, Daisuke Kise, Shoji Tada, Hiroki Ueda, Masahiro Moriyama
BACKGROUND: Hypomagnesemia is one of the characteristic side effects of the human anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies, cetuximab and panitumumab. The major mechanism of anti-EGFR antibody-related hypomagnesemia is suppression of EGFR-mediated urinary Mg(2+) reabsorption in both the renal tubule the intestinal tract. Since Mg(2+) is known to affect blood Ca(2+) levels through regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, we investigated the correlation between Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) concentration in blood...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688900/plasma-tenofovir-trough-concentrations-are-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-hiv-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Yusuke Kunimoto, Hiroshi Ikeda, Satoshi Fujii, Manabu Kitagawa, Kieko Yamazaki, Hiromasa Nakata, Norimasa Noda, Tadao Ishida, Atsushi Miyamoto
BACKGROUND: Plasma tenofovir (TFV) trough concentrations may be relevant for tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-induced renal dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between plasma TFV trough concentrations and TDF-induced renal dysfunction in Japanese patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS: A 48-week, retrospective cohort study was performed with Japanese patients with HIV infection who started a TDF-containing combination antiretroviral therapy regimen...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672443/pharmaceutical-studies-on-and-clinical-application-of-olanzapine-suppositories-prepared-as-a-hospital-preparation
#14
Kazuaki Matsumoto, Satoru Kimura, Kenichi Takahashi, Yuta Yokoyama, Masayuki Miyazawa, Satoko Kushibiki, Morio Katamachi, Junko Kizu
BACKGROUND: A new formulation of olanzapine available for terminally ill patients is needed. Rectal administration using suppositories is an alternative for patients for whom administration via the oral route is not feasible. In the present study, we prepared olanzapine suppositories, and confirmed using pharmaceutical tests. Furthermore, we demonstrated the efficacy and safety of olanzapine suppositories in terminally ill patients. METHODS: We prepared olanzapine suppositories using bases consisting of different compositions of Witepsol H-15, Witepsol S-55, and Witepsol E-75...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606071/evaluation-of-pharmaceutical-lifesaving-skills-training-oriented-pharmaceutical-intervention
#15
Yoshito Zamami, Toru Imai, Masaki Imanishi, Kenshi Takechi, Naoko Shiraishi, Toshihiro Koyama, Hidenori Sagara, Yasukazu Shiino, Toshiaki Sendo, Keisuke Ishizawa
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacists are participating in team-based medical care in emergency hospitals. Therefore, there is a desperate need to improve the education system. In the present study, we provided a "pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training" to the students in their fifth and sixth year of the pharmaceutical school and evaluated the program's impact on the students' learning and confidence in their ability to perform pharmaceutical interventions for emergency patients. METHODS: We conducted a pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training program with 12 participants who were in their fifth and six year of pharmaceutical school...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559479/predictors-of-the-therapeutic-effect-of-sivelestat-in-patients-with-acute-lung-injury-associated-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#16
Takuma Ozawa, Kiyoshi Mihara, Nobuhiro Yasuno
BACKGROUND: Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, was previously approved in Japan for the treatment of acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. However, sivelestat produced inconsistent therapeutic benefits. This study aimed to identify factors predicting the therapeutic effects of sivelestat. METHODS: We enrolled 53 mechanically ventilated patients who received sivelestat. The patients were classified as effective (n = 28) if they were weaned from the ventilator within 28 days, or as ineffective groups (n = 25)...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504190/pharmacokinetics-and-dose-adjustment-of-etoposide-administered-in-a-medium-dose-etoposide-cyclophosphamide-and-total-body-irradiation-regimen-before-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Yuki Tazawa, Akio Shigematsu, Kumiko Kasashi, Junichi Sugita, Tomoyuki Endo, Takeshi Kondo, Takanori Teshima, Ken Iseki, Mitsuru Sugawara, Yoh Takekuma
BACKGROUND: We investigated the pharmacokinetics of etoposide (ETP) to reduce the inter-individual variations of ETP concentrations in patients with acute leukemia who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We also carried out an in vivo study using rats to verify the dose adjustment. METHODS: This study included 20 adult patients. ETP was administered intravenously at a dose of 15 mg/kg once daily for 2 days (total dose: 30 mg/kg) combined with standard conditioning of cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493787/effect-of-vitamin-k2-on-the-anticoagulant-activity-of-warfarin-during-the-perioperative-period-of-catheter-ablation-population-analysis-of-retrospective-clinical-data
#18
Zhi Zhou, Ikuko Yano, Sumiko Odaka, Yosuke Morita, Satoshi Shizuta, Mamoru Hayano, Takeshi Kimura, Akinori Akaike, Ken-Ichi Inui, Kazuo Matsubara
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is a non-medication therapy for atrial fibrillation, and during the procedure, warfarin is withdrawn in the preoperative period to prevent the risk of bleeding. In case of emergency, vitamin K2 can be intravenously administered to antagonize the anticoagulant activity of warfarin. The aims of this study were to conduct population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling for retrospective clinical data and to investigate the effect of vitamin K2 on the anticoagulant activity of warfarin in the perioperative period of catheter ablation...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446594/genotype-frequencies-for-polymorphisms-related-to-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-a-japanese-population
#19
Aya Goto, Haruka Kotani, Masayuki Miyazaki, Kiyofumi Yamada, Kazuhiro Ishikawa, Yasuhiko Shimoyama, Toshimitsu Niwa, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Yukihiro Noda
BACKGROUND: Genotype frequencies for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)-related polymorphisms have not yet been reported for Japanese subjects. METHODS: We analyzed 10 genotype frequencies for following polymorphisms associated with the development of CINV: serotonin 5-HT3 receptors (HTR3); neurokinin-1 receptors (Tachykinin-1 receptors, TACR1); dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2); and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). RESULTS: All polymorphisms were successfully genotyped in 200 Japanese subjects and were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398225/elevated-prothrombin-time-international-normalized-ratio-associated-with-concurrent-administration-of-regorafenib-and-warfarin-in-a-patient-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer
#20
Hironori Kitade, Azusa Hiromasa-Yamasaki, Kengo Hokkoku, Mitsue Mori, Michio Watanabe, Masuo Nakai, Seiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Regorafenib and its metabolites may inhibit the activities of several CYP or UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms, including that of CYP2C9. Therefore, pharmacological agents that are CYP2C9 substrates may show elevated circulating levels and enhanced drug efficacy when concurrently used with regorafenib. Previous studies showed that the area under the plasma concentration-time curve of warfarin, which is the substrate for CYP2C9, increased upon co-administration of regorafenib...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
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