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Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881634/causal-relationship-between-acute-pancreatitis-and-methylprednisolone-pulse-therapy-for-fulminant-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Daisuke Nango, Hiroki Nakashima, Yukifumi Hirose, Masaaki Shiina, Hirotoshi Echizen
Background: A causal relationship between acute pancreatitis and administration of glucocorticoids remains a matter of debate, since most of the reported cases were diagnosed with systemic vascular diseases (including systemic lupus erythematosus and polyarteritis nodosa) that may be responsible for the pancreatitis. Case presentation: We report a case of a 51-year-old woman who developed acute pancreatitis after receiving methylprednisolone pulse therapy for the treatment of fulminant autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881633/changes-in-the-quality-of-medicines-during-storage-under-led-lighting-and-consideration-of-countermeasures
#2
Shuuji Yamashita, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Chihiro Sakai, Satoshi Yokoyama, Yoko Ino, Hideki Hayashi, Hitomi Teramachi, Magoichi Sako, Tadashi Sugiyama
Background: In recent years, the popularity of LED lighting has rapidly increased, owing to its many advantages, including economic benefits. We examined the change in the quality of drugs during storage under LED and fluorescent lighting and found that some medicines exhibited a different degree of color change depending on the light source. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different plastic storage bags on the color change over time when various medicines were stored under LED and fluorescent lighting conditions...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862035/interaction-between-warfarin-and-short-term-intravenous-amiodarone-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-after-cardiac-surgery
#3
Tomoki Takase, Hiroaki Ikesue, Makiko Tohi, Hiroshi Ueta, Hiroyuki Mima, Tadaaki Koyama, Tohru Hashida
Background: Amiodarone and warfarin are sometimes administered immediately after cardiac surgery. Although the interaction between long-term oral amiodarone and warfarin has been reported, the interaction between warfarin and short-term intravenous amiodarone has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the effect of short-term intravenous amiodarone on the anticoagulant effect of warfarin in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients who received oral warfarin before and after cardiac surgery, and loading doses of 125-150 mg or a 750 mg continuous infusion of amiodarone, or both in the intensive care unit (ICU) within 5 days after the surgery between July 2011 and January 2017...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785276/food-intake-attenuates-the-drug-interaction-between-new-quinolones-and-aluminum
#4
Ayuko Imaoka, Kosuke Abiru, Takeshi Akiyoshi, Hisakazu Ohtani
Background: Intestinal absorption of new quinolones is decreased by oral administration of polyvalent metal cations. Some clinical studies have demonstrated this drug - drug interaction is more prominent under fasted condition. However, the effect of food intake on the extent of drug - drug interaction between new quinolones and metal cations remains to be investigated quantitatively and systematically. The aim of this study was to develop an animal model that enables to evaluate the effect of food intake on the extent of drug - drug interaction in the gastrointestinal tract by chelation and to apply the model to evaluate quantitatively the effect of food intake on the drug - drug interaction between two new quinolones, ofloxacin or ciprofloxacin and sucralfate...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760940/analyses-of-non-benzodiazepine-induced-adverse-events-and-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-based-on-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database
#5
Yoshihiro Noguchi, Anri Ueno, Hayato Katsuno, Manami Otsubo, Aki Yoshida, Yuta Kanematsu, Ikuto Sugita, Tomoya Tachi, Teruo Tsuchiya, Hitomi Teramachi
Background: The contents of the guidelines for the use of non-benzodiazepines (Z-drugs) differ slightly between THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF SLEEP RESEARCH and THE JAPAN GERIATRIC SOCIETY, and the recommended directions are conflicting. Therefore, we analyzed the use of the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER) for identifying adverse events (AEs) caused by Z-drugs and clarifying their occurrence trend and prognosis. Methods: The signal value for comparison was calculated by using the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) and chi-squared test (χ2 ) results of data of elderly and non-elderly patients...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736254/impact-of-pharmacist-counseling-on-reducing-instances-of-adverse-events-that-can-affect-the-quality-of-life-of-chemotherapy-outpatients-with-breast-cancer
#6
Kazuhide Tanaka, Akiyo Hori, Tomoya Tachi, Tomohiro Osawa, Katsuhiro Nagaya, Teppei Makino, Seiji Inoue, Masahiro Yasuda, Takashi Mizui, Takumi Nakada, Chitoshi Goto, Hitomi Teramachi
Background: In recent years, cancer chemotherapy is being conducted at outpatient clinics, wherein pharmacists are involved with patient guidance and management of adverse events as experts in medication therapy. Therefore, we clarified the influence of interventions by pharmacists during counseling of patients with cancer on patients' quality of life. Methods: To determine this influence, we conducted a survey to assess the quality of life of 39 patients with breast cancer who underwent their initial course of outpatient cancer chemotherapy at Gifu Municipal Hospital...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692924/influence-of-technique-used-to-attach-the-infusion-set-to-peristaltic-finger-smart-pumps-on-dispensing-time-an-experimental-study
#7
Masayuki Umemura, Kanae Maegawa, Daichi Arai, Katsuro Shigeno, Yoshifumi Wakiya
Background: Infusion sets designed for peristaltic finger smart pumps (PFSPs) are necessary for the pumps' accurate handling. We previously found that medication dispensing is occasionally incomplete following the calculated infusion time when using certain combinations of PFSPs and infusion sets at a Japanese hospital. Thus, in this study, we investigated the cause of this observed delay by determining the effect of infusion set attachment technique on dispensing time using a combination of three kinds of PFSPs and five kinds of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polybutadiene (PB) infusion sets...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619240/comparison-of-petinia-and-lc-ms-ms-for-determining-plasma-mycophenolic-acid-concentrations-in-japanese-lung-transplant-recipients
#8
Masafumi Kikuchi, Masaki Tanaka, Shinya Takasaki, Akiko Takahashi, Miki Akiba, Yasushi Matsuda, Masafumi Noda, Kanehiko Hisamichi, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Yoshinori Okada, Nariyasu Mano
Background: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) treatment requires therapeutic drug monitoring to improve the outcome after organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to compare two methods, a particle enhanced turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay (PETINIA) and a reference liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for determining plasma MPA concentrations from Japanese lung transplant recipients. Methods: Plasma MPA concentrations were determined from 20 Japanese lung transplant recipients using LC-MS/MS and the PETINIA on the Dimension Xpand Plus-HM analyzer...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568540/developmental-changes-of-fluconazole-clearance-in-neonates-and-infants-in-relation-to-ontogeny-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-literature-review-and-data-analysis
#9
Kazutoshi Murakoso, Ryoichi Minagawa, Hirotoshi Echizen
Background: Fluconazole is frequently prescribed for the treatment of systemic fungal infection in neonates and infants. At present, prediction of fluconazole doses according to developmental changes in fluconazole clearance is not being done in these patients. We aimed to formulate a developmental model of fluconazole clearance taking into account the ontogeny of renal function, since the drug is largely eliminated renally. Methods: We systematically retrieved the data of fluconazole pharmacokinetics and renal function in children and adults from databases (MEDLINE and Japan Medical Abstracts Society)...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564146/the-adoption-of-generic-drugs-by-a-hospital-effects-on-drug-dispensation-among-community-pharmacies
#10
Tomoya Tachi, Kosuke Saito, Hiroki Esaki, Ikuto Sugita, Aki Yoshida, Yuta Kanematsu, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Michi Umeda, Masahiro Yasuda, Takashi Mizui, Teruo Tsuchiya, Chitoshi Goto, Hitomi Teramachi
Background: The objective of the current study is to elucidate the effect that the adoption of generic drugs by a large hospital has on the dispensation of generic drugs by community pharmacies. We evaluated the percentage of generic drugs dispensed by pharmacies and the cost of drugs dispensed before and after the adoption of generic drugs by a large hospital. Methods: Participants comprised patients who were admitted to Gifu Municipal Hospital prior to its adoption of generic drugs (November 1, 2013 to November 14, 2013) and after its adoption (November 1, 2014 to November 14, 2014) and who utilized generic drugs dispensed by pharmacies...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507747/new-low-dose-liquid-pilocarpine-formulation-for-treating-dry-mouth-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-clinical-efficacy-symptom-relief-and-improvement-in-quality-of-life
#11
Machiko Watanabe, Chisato Yamada, Yoshinori Komagata, Hirotoshi Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Hosono, Fumio Itagaki
Background: Patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) typically present clinically with xerostomia (dry mouth) because of progressive damage to the exocrine glands. We developed a new, low-dose pilocarpine/sodium alginate (LPA) solution with pilocarpine hydrochloride to inhibit systemic adverse effects by administering via the oral mucosa. The purpose of this study was to assess its stability, safety, and efficacy. Methods: The pilocarpine concentration in an LPA liquid formulation was measured 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after preparation to assess its stability...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445512/changes-in-tear-volume-and-ocular-symptoms-of-patients-receiving-oral-anticancer-drug-s-1
#12
Reiko Kuriki, Tsuyoshi Hata, Kinuyo Nakayama, Yuichi Ito, Kazunari Misawa, Seiji Ito, Michiko Tatematsu, Norio Kaneda
Background: Most eye disorders are not fatal but may deteriorate the quality of life of a patient. The eye disorder that is most frequently reported in the cancer chemotherapy is associated with the combination of tegafur/gimeracil/potassium oxonate (S-1). However, preventive methods or treatment methods for the eye disorder have not yet been established. This study aimed to determine changes in tear volume and subjective ocular symptoms during the treatment period in patients receiving S-1 monotherapy for early detection of adverse effects in the eye and establishment of its treatment methods...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375887/a-questionnaire-survey-of-pharmacists-regarding-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-appropriate-use-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factors
#13
Tetsuya Sasaki, Yasuhisa Kato, Atsushi Sato, Noriko Usui, Eishi Baba, Toshimi Takano, Nobuyuki Susumu, Kazunori Ohnishi, Hitomi Nishimoto, Katsuyuki Kiura
Background: Clinical practice guidelines should be user-friendly and confirming their penetration rate and compliance are critical. Methods: We conducted a nationwide web-based questionnaire survey among pharmacists regarding the 2013 guidelines for the appropriate use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (G - CSFs) (version 2, published by the Japan Society of Clinical Oncology [JSCO]) between August 24 and September 6, 2015. Results: A total of 301 pharmacists responded; 96...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345696/antiemetic-efficacy-and-safety-of-granisetron-or-palonosetron-alone-and-in-combination-with-a-corticosteroid-for-abvd-therapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#14
Mayako Uchida, Tsutomu Nakamura, Kojiro Hata, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yasuo Mori, Koji Kato, Kenjiro Kamezaki, Katsuto Takenaka, Motoaki Shiratsuchi, Keiko Hosohata, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Koichi Akashi
Background: Antiemetic effects and safety of granisetron or palonosetron alone and in combination with a corticosteroid against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) were retrospectively evaluated in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma receiving adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) therapy. Methods: A total of 39 patients were eligible for this study. Before ABVD therapy, granisetron or palonosetron was intravenously administered with or without a corticosteroid (dexamethasone or hydrocortisone) and aprepitant...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225909/improved-treatment-satisfaction-and-medication-adherence-after-readjusting-oral-medication-regimens-with-the-cooperation-of-health-insurance-pharmacy-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-japan
#15
Naoko Ogawa, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Mayumi Yamamoto, Kaoru Yamamoto, Masayuki Doi, Yoko Yoshida, Setsuko Gotou
Background: Treatment satisfaction and medication adherence can be improved if physicians carefully monitor the situations, check the level of difficulties patients experience when taking medications at specific times, and readjust medication regimens based on this information. However, physicians in Japan encounter difficulties in taking enough time to collect this information in clinical practice. The aim of the current study was to investigate improvements in satisfaction and adherence with the cooperation of a health insurance pharmacy in clinical practice...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177067/joint-symptoms-associated-with-anastrozole-and-letrozole-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#16
Yoshihito Morimoto, Shuhei Sarumaru, Yuko Oshima, Chiho Tsuruta, Kazuhiro Watanabe
Background: Joint symptoms are a common side effect of aromatase inhibitors. However, it is not known if the risk of these symptoms varies between the members of this drug class. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of joint symptoms associated with anastrozole and that associated with letrozole. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with breast cancer who were treated with anastrozole or letrozole at Tsukiji Breast Clinic, Japan, between April 2008 and July 2014...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152321/impact-of-the-number-of-repeated-inhalations-and-patient-characteristics-on-the-residual-amount-of-inhaled-laninamivir-octanoate-hydrate-dry-powder-in-pediatric-patients-with-influenza
#17
Toshiki Murasaka, Kenji Ikemura, Tomoyuki Enokiya, Yuichi Muraki, Mayumi Ikemura, Koji Terada, Takuya Iwamoto, Masahiro Okuda
Background: A dry powder inhaled formulation is used for the anti-influenza drug laninamivir octanoate hydrate (laninamivir). Although two successive inhalations (puffs) are recommended to minimize residual amounts of active ingredients, previous reports suggest that pediatric patients with low peak inspiratory flow are unable to inhale the active ingredient adequately. In the present study, we prospectively investigated the appropriate number of repeated inhalations of laninamivir dry powder and factors influencing the residual amount of ingredients in pediatric patients with influenza...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944076/association-between-itching-and-the-serum-zinc-levels-in-patients-with-varicose-veins
#18
Yasushi Takai, Keiichi Hiramoto, Yoshiyuki Nishimura, Ryota Uchida, Keigo Nishida, Kazuya Ooi
BACKGROUND: Varicose veins commonly occur in the lower extremities and can cause pain and discomfort in the affected area. Many patients with varicose veins suffer from itching, but its cause has not been sufficiently explained. In recent years, the role of zinc in maintaining the integrity of skin has been reported, and zinc supplementation has been suggested to be effective in relieving itching. The objective of this study is to elucidate the relationship between itching and serum zinc concentration in patients with varicose veins...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944075/efficacy-of-switching-to-dolutegravir-plus-rilpivirine-the-small-tablet-regimen-in-patients-with-dysphagia-two-case-reports
#19
Takefumi Suzuki, Nobuko Hara, Morichika Osa, Kazuhisa Misawa, Kazuo Imai, Yuji Fujikura, Takuya Maeda, Wataru Sonehara, Akihiko Kawana
BACKGROUND: The advent of well-tolerated and effective anti-retroviral drugs against human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection has been a major step forward that has achieved long-term survival in recent years. The number of HIV-1 infected patients who experience difficulty in swallowing tablets is expected to increase as the HIV-infected population advances in age or develops comorbidities or treatment sequelae affecting the central nervous system. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we describe two HIV-1-infected patients who experienced progressive dysphagia leading to inability to swallow the antiretroviral tablets included in the standard regimen...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808580/the-detection-of-influenza-virus-at-the-community-pharmacy-to-improve-the-management-of-local-residents-with-influenza-or-influenza-like-disease
#20
Akio Kawachi, Yusuke Sakamoto, Shunya Mouri, Mitsuaki Fukumori, Riku Kawano, Takaya Murakami, Junichiro Sonoda, Keiko Narumi, Yoshihiro Shimodozono, Kenji Etoh, Susumu Chiyotanda, Takashi Furuie, Keizo Sato, Masao Fukumori, Toshiro Motoya
BACKGROUND: As of 2014, community pharmacies in Japan are approved by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare to measure lipid panel, HbA1c, glucose, ALT, AST and γ-GTP, but not to screen for influenza virus. We provided influenza virus screening tests at a community pharmacy to triage people with symptoms suggestive of influenza. Participants were given appropriate advice on how to prevent the spread of and safeguard against influenza. We subsequently evaluated the effects of community pharmacy-based influenza virus screening and prevention measures...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
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