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Fertility Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692923/responses-to-fertility-treatment-among-patients-with-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
A V Dolinko, L V Farland, S A Missmer, S S Srouji, C Racowsky, E S Ginsburg
Background: Cancer treatments have significant negative impacts on female fertility, but the impact of cancer itself on fertility remains to be clarified. While some studies have shown that compared with healthy women, those with cancer require higher doses of gonadotropins resulting in decreased oocyte yields, others have shown comparable oocyte yields between the two groups. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether there is an association between any cancer and/or type of cancer, and response to ovarian stimulation for egg and embryo banking...
2018: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686882/pyosalpinges-after-hysterosalpingography-in-a-patient-with-lower-genital-tract-infection-and-managed-by-laparoscopic-surgery-in-a-resource-low-tertiary-hospital-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Thomas Obinchemti Egbe, Fidelia Mbi Kobenge, Metogo Mbengono Junette Arlette, Eugene Belley-Priso
Background: Pyosalpinges (a complication of pelvic inflammatory disease) is infection of the fallopian tubes and the morbidity associated with it has major health implications. We are reporting a case of pyosalpinges diagnosed after hysterosalpingography and managed by laparoscopic surgery at the Douala General Hospital, Cameroon. Case presentation: A 29-year-old single woman, an assistant nurse of the Douala tribe in Cameroon. She is G1P0010 and came to our attention because of secondary infertility of three years duration...
2018: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507746/anti-oxidant-mediated-normalisation-of-raised-intracellular-cytokines-in-patients-with-reproductive-failure
#3
Kevin Marron, John F Kennedy, Conor Harrity
Background: Raised intracellular cytokine ratios (CKR) are proposed as a significant risk factor for adverse reproductive outcome. An elevated cytokine ratio, such as between TNFa and/or IFNg to IL-10 is associated with recurrent miscarriage (RM). The use of pharmacological immunomodulators such as TNFα inhibitors in these patients is controversial and not generally recommended due to a lack of conclusive data supporting their use. We evaluated whether the use of anti-oxidants/dietary supplements as an alternative could positively influence CKR's in ART patients...
2018: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234501/characterization-of-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility-rei-fellowship-applicants-guiding-our-mentees-toward-success
#4
Jason Franasiak, Daniel Kaser, Linnea Goodman, George Patounakis, Caroline Juneau, Scott Morin, Shelby Neal, William Schlaff, Richard Scott
Background: Advanced subspecialty training in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) entails a competitive application process with many data points considered. It is not known what components weigh more heavily for applicants. Thus, we sought to study the REI fellow applicant and compare 1) those who apply but do not receive an interview, 2) those who receive an interview but do not match, and 3) those who successfully match. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single REI fellowship program from 2013 to 2017...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152320/intramuscular-progesterone-gestone-versus-vaginal-progesterone-suppository-cyclogest-for-luteal-phase-support-in-cycles-of-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer-patient-preference-and-drug-efficacy
#5
Amal Yaseen Zaman, Serdar Coskun, Ahmed Abdullah Alsanie, Khalid Arab Awartani
Background: The requirement for luteal phase support (LPS) in stimulated IVF cycles is well established, however drug choice, and route of administration and duration of use are not. This report evaluates patients' preference and satisfaction by using either vaginal or intramuscular (IM) progesterone (P) supplementation for luteal phase support after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: It is a prospective cohort study done in a reproductive and infertility unit in a tertiary care hospital from March 2013 through February 2015 for four hundred and nine patients undergoing IVF-ET...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046818/fertility-differential-of-women-in-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey-2014
#6
Shongkour Roy, Sharif Mohammed Ismail Hossain
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the fertility differential of women age 15 to 49 using data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014- a survey of women who were born from 1963 to 1999. METHODS: The secondary data analysis was carried out using the BDHS 2014 in order to discuss differences in childbearing practices in Bangladesh. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data including education level, geographic location, and religion...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046817/fertility-with-early-reduction-of-ovarian-reserve-the-last-straw-that-breaks-the-camel-s-back
#7
REVIEW
Sabahat Rasool, Duru Shah
Diminished fertility and poor ovarian response pose a conundrum to the experts in the field of reproductive medicine. There is limited knowledge about the risk factors of diminished ovarian reserve other than the iatrogenic ones. One of the leading causes of infertility in women today is diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). DOR is characterized by a low number of eggs in a woman's ovaries and/or with poor quality of the remaining eggs, which boils down to impaired development of the existing eggs, even with assisted reproductive techniques...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046816/vitamin-d-binding-protein-is-lower-in-infertile-patients-compared-to-fertile-controls-a-case-control-study
#8
Jason Franasiak, Sue Shapses, Wei Sun, Richard Scott, Xiangbing Wang
BACKGROUND: The importance of vitamin D in general health as well as in human reproductive success has been an area of focus. A better understanding of vitamin D metabolism, particularly vitamin D binding protein, is important when elucidating this relationship. METHODS: This case control trial seeks to characterize vitamin D metabolism in infertile patients undergoing natural cycle IVF as compared to normally cycling premenopausal women with proven fertility matched for age and body mass index (BMI)...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904809/magnetic-resonance-imaging-performance-for-diagnosis-of-ovarian-torsion-in-pregnant-women-with-stimulated-ovaries
#9
Elizabeth Asch, Jesse Wei, Koenraad J Mortele, Kathryn Humm, Kim Thornton, Deborah Levine
BACKGROUND: To determine if asymmetric ovarian edema on non-contrast MRI can be used to distinguish torsed from non-torsed stimulated ovaries in pregnant women. METHODS: In this retrospective study, our radiology database was searched for women who were pregnant and who had undergone ovarian stimulation and underwent MRI abdomen/pelvis from 1/2000-12/2012. At our institution, ultrasound is typically performed as a first line study for pregnant women with pelvic pain, with MR for those patients with indeterminate findings...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879019/contraception-and-fertility-transition-in-amhara-national-regional-state-of-ethiopia-an-application-of-bongaarts-model
#10
Nega Mihret Alazbih, Getachew Nibret Tewabe, Tariku Dejene Demissie
BACKGROUND: The overall decline of fertility in Amhara National Regional State between 2000 and 2011 was the highest in Ethiopia. The aim of the present study was to determine the most significant proximate determinant of fertility change during the last decade in the region using Bongaarts' model. METHODS: The sources of data were the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys. The model indices were calculated for each survey. Decomposition of fertility change into components of proximal determinants was also carried out...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794891/percept%C3%A4-on-scale-of-barr%C3%A4-ers-to-contracept%C3%A4-ve-use-a-methodolog%C3%A4-cal-study
#11
Selma Sen, Aynur Cetinkaya, Aysel Cavuslar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and develop the Perception Scale of Barriers to Contraceptive Use (PSBCU) as a measurement tool for the qualitative assessment of the barriers and obstacles women perceived with regard to contraceptive use or low rates of contraceptive use in women using family planning services. METHOD: The data for this methodological study were collected using the face-to-face interview technique from 320 married women between the ages of 15-49 who were attending clinics at the Hafsa Sultan Hospital, CBU...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702207/alcohol-and-fertility-how-much-is-too-much
#12
REVIEW
Kristin Van Heertum, Brooke Rossi
Alcohol use is prevalent in the United States. Given that a substantial portion of the drinking population is of reproductive age, it is not uncommon for couples who are attempting conception, or for women who are already pregnant, to be regularly consuming alcohol. Alcohol use is associated with multiple reproductive risks, including having a child with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, increased risk of fetal loss, and decreased chance of live birth. This review serves to examine the risks of alcohol in the context of reproductive health...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690863/fertility-preservation-training-for-obstetrics-and-gynecology-fellows-a-highly-desired-but-non-standardized-experience
#13
Elizabeth J N Miller, Lisa M Cookingham, Teresa K Woodruff, Ginny L Ryan, Karen M Summers, Laxmi A Kondapalli, Divya K Shah
BACKGROUND: Despite a large body of data suggesting that delivery of fertility care to cancer patients is inconsistent and frequently insufficient, there is a paucity of literature examining training in fertility preservation for those physicians expected to discuss options or execute therapy. The study objective was to compare fertility preservation training between Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility (REI) and Gynecologic Oncology (GYN ONC) fellows and assess the need for additional education in this field...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620546/ovarian-morphology-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sara Pittenger Reid, Chia-Ning Kao, Lauri Pasch, Kanade Shinkai, Marcelle I Cedars, Heather G Huddleston
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a very common disorder well known to be associated with insulin resistance and metabolic disease. Insulin resistance is likely involved in the promotion of the PCOS reproductive phenotype and may mediate some of the ovarian morphology seen in the disorder. The phenotype of each individual woman with PCOS can vary widely as can her metabolic risk. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of patients seen in a multidisciplinary PCOS clinic at the University of California at San Francisco between 2006 and 2014...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620545/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-women-with-self-reported-infertility
#15
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Fangui Sun, J Jojo Cheng, Erika T Chow, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito
BACKGROUND: Amongst women with certain types of ovulatory disorder infertility, the studies are conflicting whether there is an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular disease risk. This paper evaluates the associations of several CVD risk factors among Framingham women with self-reported infertility. METHODS: Women who completed the Framingham Heart Study Third Generation and Omni Cohort 2 Exam 2 (2008-2011), and reported on past history of infertility and current cardiovascular disease status were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620544/-i-am-anxious-and-desperate-psychological-experiences-of-women-with-infertility-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana
#16
Ernestina S Donkor, Florence Naab, Deborah Y Kussiwaah
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that infertility affects millions of couples worldwide. Infertility is considered one of the most difficult life experiences and can result in psychological consequences for couples, especially for women. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological experiences of women with infertility. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory descriptive approach was used to conduct in-depth interviews. The psychological component of the bio-psychosocial model was used as a guiding framework to understand the experiences of women with infertility...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620543/tablet-terminals-a-useful-tool-to-explain-in-vitro-fertilization-treatment
#17
Atsushi Yanaihara, Shirei Ohgi, Kenichirou Motomura, Takumi Yanaihara
BACKGROUND: Explanations that involve medical care treatment take time. This also applies to explanations of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in the field of infertility treatment. This is because the cause of infertility differs from couple to couple, and because the explanations must begin with the mechanism of pregnancy. Recently, explanations facilitated by tablet terminals have been used in the field of medicine. In the present study, the efficacy and problems of explanations facilitated by tablet terminals were evaluated and compared with the explanations of IVF facilitated by paper-based pamphlets...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620542/preconception-consultations-with-maternal-fetal-medicine-for-obese-women-a-retrospective-chart-review
#18
Charlotte M Page, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Randi H Goldman, Chloe A Zera
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with impaired fertility and pregnancy complications, and preconception weight loss may improve some of these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) preconception consults for obese women. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review examining 162 consults at an academic medical center from 2008 to 2014. The main outcome measures included consultation content - e...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480049/discrete-survival-model-analysis-of-a-couple-s-smoking-pattern-and-outcomes-of-assisted-reproduction
#19
Jose C Vanegas, Jorge E Chavarro, Paige L Williams, Jennifer B Ford, Thomas L Toth, Russ Hauser, Audrey J Gaskins
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking has been associated with worse infertility treatment outcomes, yet some studies have found null or inconsistent results. METHODS: We followed 225 couples who underwent 354 fresh non-donor assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles between 2006 and 2014. Smoking history was self-reported at study entry. We evaluated the associations between smoking patterns and ART success using multivariable discrete time Cox proportional hazards models with six time periods: cycle initiation to egg retrieval, retrieval to fertilization, fertilization to embryo transfer (ET), ET to implantation, implantation to clinical pregnancy, and clinical pregnancy to live birth to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CIs...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620541/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-risk-of-endometrial-ovarian-and-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Holly R Harris, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder with an estimated prevalence of 4-21% in reproductive aged women. The altered metabolic and hormonal environment among women with PCOS may increase their risk of some types of cancer. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of the literature using numerous search terms for all studies examining the associations between polycystic ovary syndrome and related characteristics and cancer published in English through October 2016...
2016: Fertility Research and Practice
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