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Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources

Jinzhong Lin, Baozhen Hua, Zhiping Xu, Sha Li, Chengjie Ma
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of proteolytic pork hydrolysate (PPH) on yoghurt production by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. Fresh lean pork was cut into pieces and mixed with deionized water and dealt with protease, then the resulting PPH was added to milk to investigate the effects of PPH on yoghurt production. The fermentation time, the viable cell counts, the flavor, free amino acids compounds, and sensory evaluation of yoghurt were evaluated...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Na-Kyoung Lee, Hyun-Dong Paik
This review discusses the status, antimicrobial mechanisms, application, and regulation of natural preservatives in livestock food systems. Conventional preservatives are synthetic chemical substances including nitrates/nitrites, sulfites, sodium benzoate, propyl gallate, and potassium sorbate. The use of artificial preservatives is being reconsidered because of concerns relating to headache, allergies, and cancer. As the demand for biopreservation in food systems has increased, new natural antimicrobial compounds of various origins are being developed, including plant-derived products (polyphenolics, essential oils, plant antimicrobial peptides (pAMPs)), animal-derived products (lysozymes, lactoperoxidase, lactoferrin, ovotransferrin, antimicrobial peptide (AMP), chitosan and others), and microbial metabolites (nisin, natamycin, pullulan, ε-polylysine, organic acid, and others)...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Jong Youn Jeong, Seung Taek Lim, Cheon Jei Kim
This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of fat level on the microwave cooking properties of ground pork patties with NaCl (1.5%). Ground pork patties were processed from pork hams to achieve fat levels of 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%, respectively. Each patty was cooked from a thawed state to 75℃ in a microwave oven at full power (700 W). After microwave cooking, protein content, moisture content, fat retention, and shear force values in patties decreased as fat level increased from 10 to 25%. As fat level increased, cooking time decreased but total cooking loss and drip loss were increased, whereas slight differences in diameter reduction and thickness of patties were observed...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Sun-Young Park, Noori Han, Sun-Young Kim, Mi-Young Yoo, Hyun-Dong Paik, Sang-Dong Lim
In milk and milk products, a number of organic acids naturally occur. We investigated the contents of some naturally occurred food preservatives (sorbic acid, benzoic acid, propionic acid, nitrite, and nitrate) contained in domestic and imported cheeses to establish the standard for the allowable range of food preservatives content in cheese. 8 kinds of domestic precheeses (n=104), 16 kinds of domestic cured cheeses (n=204) and 40 kinds of imported cheeses (n=74) were collected. Each domestic cheese was aged for a suitable number of months and stored for 2 mon at 5℃ and 10℃...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Jin-Kyu Seo, Hyeon-Woong Yum, Gap-Don Kim, Jin-Yeon Jeong, Han-Sul Yang
This study investigates the effect of bovine heart surimi-like material (BHSM) used as a back fat replacer, on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of frankfurter-type sausages. Frankfurter-type sausage with added BHSM had a higher moisture content and lower fat content than the control. In addition, the samples with added BHSM had higher pH, cooking loss and 2-thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) value and lower water exudation than the control. The sausage formulation with 40% BHSM was more effective in delaying lipid oxidation without affecting cooking loss compared to the 60% BHSM treatment sample...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Tae-Hwan Jung, Sung-Seob Yun, Won-Jae Lee, Jin-Wook Kim, Ho-Kyung Ha, Michelle Yoo, Hyo-Jeong Hwang, Woo-Min Jeon, Kyoung-Sik Han
Goat milk is highly nutritious and is consumed in many countries, but the development of functional foods from goat milk has been slow compared to that for other types of milk. The aim of this study was to develop a goat milk protein hydrolysate (GMPH) with enhanced digestibility and better hypoallergenic properties in comparison with other protein sources such as ovalbumin and soy protein. Goat milk protein was digested with four commercial food-grade proteases (separately) under various conditions to achieve the best hydrolysis of αs -casein and β-lactoglobulin...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Mi-Hye Kim, Sung-Il Ahn, Chan-Mook Lim, Jin-Woo Jhoo, Gur-Yoo Kim
This study aimed to investigate the functional and physicochemical properties of yogurt, supplemented with germinated brown rice (GBR) containing γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), during storage. GBR was produced by soaking brown rice at 30℃, and saccharified germinated brown rice (SGBR) was produced by treating brown rice with α- and β-amylase for 1 h, at 80℃ and 60℃, respectively. Yogurt was manufactured using a commercial starter (YC-X11, CHR. Hansen, Denmark) at 37℃ for 12 h. The fatty acids and GABA contents were analyzed using GC and HPLC, respectively...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Dan Wang, Wenjun Liu, Yan Ren, Liangliang De, Donglei Zhang, Yanrong Yang, Qiuhua Bao, Heping Zhang, Bilige Menghe
In this study, traditional culture method and 16S rRNA gene analysis were applied to reveal the composition and diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of fermented cow milk, huruud and urum from Baotou and Bayannur of midwestern Inner Mongolia. Also, the quantitative results of dominant LAB species in three different types of dairy products from Baotou and Bayannur were gained by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) technology. Two hundred and two LAB strains isolated from sixty-six samples were identified and classified into four genera, namely Enterococcus, Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, and twenty-one species and subspecies...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Hyun-Joo Kim, Nak-Yun Sung, Hae In Yong, Hanwool Kim, Younggap Lim, Kwang Hyun Ko, Cheol-Heui Yun, Cheorun Jo
Cold plasma has been developed to reduce microbial contamination and to improve safety of food and medical products. In addition, the technology can be used in the manufacture of sausages without addition of nitrite. To be applied in food industry commercially, the new technology should be safe and efficient. However, toxicological test of plasma-treated food is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the mutagenicity and immune toxicity of the meat products cured with plasma-treated water (PTW) as a nitrite source...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Woan-Sub Kim, Pyeung-Hyeun Kim, Kei-Ichi Shimazaki
The antimicrobial activity of bovine lactoferrin hydrolysates (bLFH) was measured against Pseudomonas strains (P. syringae and P. fluorescens) in vitro. To compare susceptibility to bLFH, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined using chemiluminescence assays and paper disc plate assays. Antimicrobial effect against P. fluorescens was not observed by either assay, suggesting that bLFH did not exhibit antimicrobial activity against P. fluorescens. However, a significant inhibition of P. syringae growth was observed in the presence of bLFH...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Tran Van Cuong, Koo Bok Chin
This study investigated the effect of the powder produced by ball-milling the outer layer of annatto (Bixa orellana L.) seeds on the physicochemical properties as well as the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of pork patties over 14 d of refrigerated storage (4±1℃). Five pork patty treatments were produced containing three different concentrations of annatto seeds, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5% (ANT0.1, ANT0.25, ANT0.5), 0.1% ascorbic acid (AA0.1), and a control (CTL). Based on the results, annatto seed powder appeared to show antioxidant activity...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Jeeyeon Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Sejeong Kim, Soomin Lee, Heeyoung Lee, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
This study examined the relationship between NaCl sensitivity and stress response of Listeria monocytogenes. Nine strains of L. monocytogenes (NCCP10805, NCCP10806, NCCP10807, NCCP10808, NCCP10809, NCCP10810, NCCP10811, NCCP10920 and NCCP 10943) were exposed to 0%, 1%, 2% and 4% NaCl, and then incubated at 60℃ for 60 min to select strains that were heat-sensitized (HS) and non-sensitized (NS) by NaCl exposure. After heat challenge, L. monocytogenes strains were categorized as HS (NCCP 10805, NCCP10806, NCCP10807, NCCP10810, NCCP10811 and NCCP10920) or NS (NCCP10808, NCCP10809 and NCCP10943)...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Minhwa Lee, Dong Joo Seo, Su Been Jeon, Hyun Ee Ok, Hyelee Jung, Changsun Choi, Hyang Sook Chun
Contamination by foodborne pathogens and mycotoxins was examined in 475 eggs and 20 feed samples collected from three egg layer farms, three egg-processing units, and five retail markets in Korea. Microbial contamination with Salmonella species, Escherichia coli, and Arcobacter species was examined by bacterial culture and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The contamination levels of aflatoxins, ochratoxins, and zearalenone in eggs and chicken feeds were simultaneously analyzed with high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection after the post-derivatization...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Geunho Kang, Pil-Nam Seong, Soohyun Cho, Hyoung-Joo Ham, Sun-Moon Kang, Dayae Kim, Beom-Young Park, Hoa Van Ba
The effect of ultra-sonication on quality characteristics and flavor of baked eggs was studied. One hundred and twenty eggs were cooked and assigned to six treatments groups (n=20 each) that were then soaked in saline solution at various concentrations (5, 10 and 18%) with/or without further ultra-sonication treatment at 35 kHz for 1 h. The pH values were lower in the ultra-sonicated samples in comparison with the non-ultra-sonicated samples (p<0.05). The values for texture traits were higher in the samples soaked in 10% saline solution with ultra-sonication in comparison with other remaining treatments or control (p<0...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Woan-Sub Kim, Midori Ohashi, Kei-Ichi Shimazaki
Lactoferrin is a glycoprotein with various biological effects, with antibacterial activity being one of the first effects reported. This glycoprotein suppresses bacterial growth through bacteriostatic or bactericidal action. It also stimulates the growth of certain kinds of bacteria such as lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria. In this study, Asn-Leu-Asn-Arg was selected and chemically synthesized based on the partial sequences of bovine lactoferrin tryptic fragments. Synthetic Asn-Leu-Asn-Arg suppressed the growth of Pseudomonas fluorescens, P...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Yun-Sang Choi, Ko-Eun Hwang, Hyun-Wook Kim, Dong-Heon Song, Ki-Hong Jeon, Jong-Dae Park, Jung-Min Sung, Young-Boong Kim, Cheon-Jei Kim
The effect of reducing pork meat concentrations from 50% to 30% and replacing it with up to 20% pork head meat on chemical composition, cooking characteristics, physicochemical and textural properties, apparent viscosity, and sensory characteristics of frankfurters was determined. The highest moisture content in frankfurters was found in the control and T1 (frankfurter with 45% pork meat + 5% pork head). Protein and fat contents in frankfurters with pork head meat added were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those in the control...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Stephen B Smith
This review addresses the role of fat in beef palatability and healthfulness. Particular emphasis is placed on the content of oleic acid in beef, and how this increases with time when cattle are fed a grain-based diet. Oleic acid decreases the melting point of lipids from beef, increasing the perception of juiciness and improving beef flavor. Clinical trials have demonstrated that ground beef containing elevated oleic acid increases, or at the least has no negative effects on the concentration of HDL cholesterol...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Hyun-Su Choi, Hyung-Gyu Choi, Yeong-Seok Choi, Jong-Hee Kim, Ju-Ho Lee, Eun-Hee Jung, Sang-Hwa Lee, Yang-Il Choi, Jung-Seok Choi
UNLABELLED: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of chicory fiber for the replacement of fat and smoking on quality characteristics of restructured sausages. Treatments were as follows; CONTROL: Pork backfat 20%, T1: Pork backfat 10% + Chicory fiber 10%, T2: CONTROL + Smoking, T3: T1 + Smoking. The addition of chicory fiber significantly reduced the moisture, fat, hardness and pH values, whereas the smoking treatment increased the fat, redness and pH values of restructured sausages (p<0...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Young Joo Kim, Sung Yong Park, Hong Chul Lee, Seung Seok Yoo, Sejong Oh, Kwang Hyun Kim, Koo Bok Chin
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mixed starter cultures isolated from kimchi on physicochemical properties, functionality and flavors of fermented ham. Physicochemical properties, microbial counts, shear force, cholesterol contents and volatile compounds of fermented ham were investigated during processing (curing and ripening time). Curing process for 7 d increased saltiness, however, decreased hunter color values (L, a, and b values). Ripening process for 21 d increased most parameters, such as saltiness, color values, weight loss, shear force and cholesterol content due to the drying process...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Kwang-Il Kim, Sang-Yoon Lee, Soo-Jin Kim, Jae-Hee Seo, Joong-Kyu Lee, Jung-Kue Shin, Hyung-Yong Cho, Mi-Jung Choi
This study was performed to improve the techniques used for tenderizing red meat as elderly food. Beef meat was immersed in liposome encapsulated enzyme solution and the effect of protease encapsulation on the beef properties was analyzed. The protease encapsulation properties were analyzed according to the size distribution and enzymatic activity. After enzyme reaction on the beef, the chemical properties of the meat such as pH, water holding capacity, shear rate, lipid oxidation and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) were analyzed...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
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