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Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research

S K Maiti, P D S Raghuvanshi, M Divya, P Sangeetha, G Deepesh, K Naveen
A 40 kg crossbred calf of one month age was presented to the Institute Referral Polyclinic, with a history of dysuria, stranguria along with a fluctuant swelling in the mid-perineal region. On physical examination, a diverticulum was observed which on aspiration revealed urine. It was reported that urine outflow was from a tiny orifice at the proposed natural site of the vulva. Dissection of the skin over the diverticulum revealed hypoplastic penis with adhesion of the preputeal sheath along with penile hypospadia...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
Z Erginkaya, E U Turhan, D Tatlı
In this study, the antibiotic resistance (AR) of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from traditional Turkish fermented dairy products was investigated. Yogurt, white cheese, tulum cheese, cokelek, camız cream and kefir as dairy products were collected from various supermarkets. Lactic acid bacteria such as Lactobacillus spp., Streptococcus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., and Enterecoccus spp. were isolated from these dairy products. Lactobacillus spp. were resistant to vancomycin (58%), erythromycin (10.8%), tetracycline (4...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
H N K S Pathirana, B C J De Silva, S H M P Wimalasena, S Hossain, G J Heo
The current study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of ureC , rsbA , zapA and mrpA virulence genes using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in Proteus spp. isolated from 5 commercially popular species of pet turtles and comparison of the mrpA gene sequences of Proteus mirabilis isolates with human clinical isolates. A total of 24 isolates in pet turtles were identified, comprised of P. mirabilis (15), Proteus vulgaris (7) and Proteus hauseri (2). The prevalence of ureC , rsbA , zapA and mrpA genes among all identified Proteus spp...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
R R Alyethodi, S Kumar, R Deb, R Alex, U Singh, S Sharma, Ashish, J Choudhary, G Sengar, R Singh, S Tyagi, P Birham
Complex vertebral malformation (CVM) has considerable economic impact on dairy cattle breeding due to extensive use of artificial insemination (AI). Identifying the carrier is an important factor to reduce the incidence of the genetic disorder. The study was conducted to identify the carriers of CVM in Frieswal cattle by polymerase chain reaction-primer-introduced restriction analysis (PCR-PIRA) method, which was further confirmed by sequencing. Carrier prevalence of 1% was observed in the Frieswal cattle. The results of the study clearly demonstrated the existence of carriers of CVM among Frieswal bull calves...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
J Zeb, M Javed
Labeo rohita , Gibelion catla , Cirrhinus mrigala , Ctenopharyngodon idella and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix were grown together for 365 days in triplicate ponds. Six iso-caloric feeds having varying protein levels i.e. 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32% were prepared and supplemented to fish at 2% fish weight daily. Significantly, higher final average weight (793 ± 197 g) and total length gain (398 ± 40 mm) was recorded for Ctenopharyndodon idella . Net fish yield enhanced as the level of digestible protein (DP) in the supplementary diets increased and plateaued at 28% DP level, thereafter significant reduction (P<0...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
X Wu, D Su
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in travelers, young children and piglets, but the precise pathogenesis of ETEC induced diarrhea is not fully known. Recent investigations have shown that tight junction (TJ) proteins and aquaporin 3 (AQP 3) are contributing factors in bacterial diarrhea. In this study, using immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry analyses, we found that ETEC increases the protein abundance of TJ proteins (occludin, claudin-1, zonula occludens-1) in mice. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli induced the expression of TJ proteins in mice through pathways by involving myosin light chain kinase (MLCK)-myosin II regulatory light chain (MLC20) pathways; however, ETEC has little effect on the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
Kh A Suad, J S H Al-Shamire, A A Dhyaa
Two hundred and sixteen day-old Ross-308 broiler chicks were allocated into 4 groups to study the impacts of different concentrations (0.0, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2%) of β-hydroxy-methyl butyrate calcium (β-HMB-Ca), on values of tri-iodothyronin (T3) and tetra-iodothyronin (T4) hormones, liver enzymes [aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)], uric acid, peroxide, malondialdihyde (MDA), fatty acids and some histological parameters of small intestine (thickness of mucosa, height of villi, thickness of villi, depth of epithelial crypts and epithelial height)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
M R Haddadmarandi, S A Madani, H Nili, A Ghorbani
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV), a member of genus circovirus, is a small, non-enveloped, single stranded DNA virus. Although BFDVs are among the most well studied circoviruses, there is little to no information about BFDVs in Iran. The aim of the present study was to detect and identify BFDV molecules from the birds referred to the avian clinic of The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Iran. A total of 55 DNA samples were extracted from birds from nine different species of the order psittaciformes...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
A Hosseini, A Niasari-Naslaji, M Vojgani, F Gharagozloo
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) on ovarian follicles at three stages of development (emergence, dominance and early static phases) during the first follicular wave (FFW) in Holstein heifers. Heifers (n=20) were randomly assigned into four experimental groups (n=5 in each group). Heifers received eCG (500 IU; Folligon® ; Intervet, Holland; i.m) a) on the day of follicle emergence (day of ovulation; group 1), b) on the dominant phase (dominant follicle (DF): the first day in which follicle was observed at ≥10 mm; group 2, and c) on the early static phase (group 3) of the FFW...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
G Y Wang, H H Zheng, K Y Zhang, F Yang, T Kong, B Zhou, Sh X Jiang
The effects of three selective oral inhibitors, fluvoxamine (FLU), ketoconazole (KET), and verapamil (VER), on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of florfenicol (FFC) were investigated in chickens. The chickens were administered orally with saline solution (SAL), FLU (60 mg/kg), KET (25 mg/kg), or VER (9 mg/kg) for 7 consecutive days. Florfenicol was given to the chickens at a single dose of 30 mg/kg orally. Blood samples were collected from each chicken at 0 to 12 h post-administration of FFC. The plasma concentration of FFC was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
K Z K Al-Alo, Gh Nikbakht Brujeni, S Lotfollahzadeh, F Moosakhani, A Gharabaghi
Passively acquired antibodies through colostrum will protect calves against etiological agents of neonatal calf diarrhea. Among them enteric diseases due to strains of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are the most commonly occurring form of colibacillosis in newborn calves. Specific antibodies against whole ETEC cells and total immunoglobulin G in dam serum, colostrum and calf serum were determined. There were significant differences (P=0.0005) between antibody titers in normal and diarrheic groups, in which diarrheic group had a higher titer...
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
J R Jaber, C Carrascosa, A Arencibia, J A Corbera, A S Ramirez, C Melian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
M R Mohebbi, S M Barani, H Mahravani
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a major infectious disease in livestock. The common clinical signs in cattle include epidermal vesicles that are majorly distributed around oronasal cavity, feet and teats. The aim of this report is to document an uncommon clinical form of the disease which comprises the occurrence of classic vesicular lesion in a rarely observed location of the horn vegetative tissue. During Iran's outbreak of FMD in 2013, field investigation, clinical examination and sampling from the affected herds in Qom province were performed...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
A Jerome, S M K Thirumaran, S N Kala
This study was aimed to identify miRNAs of corpus luteum (CL) in buffaloes during pregnancy. For this study, CL (n=2) were collected from gravid uteri of buffalo and RNA was isolated. Following this, the purity and integrity of RNA was checked and used for deep sequencing using Illumina Hiseq 2500 platform. The reads' quality was checked prior to in silico analyses viz . identification of conserved, novel and target of miRNAs. In this study, out of identified miRNAs (3018), 3013 were known and 5 were novel miRNAs on alignment with reference genomes...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
H J Bao, Q S Chen, Z H Su, J H Qin, C S Xu, A Arencibia, E Rodríguez-Ponce, J R Jaber
The microanatomy of the intestinal epithelium in the Chinese soft-shelled turtle (CST) was studied by light and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The small intestinal epithelium (SIE) was single layered or pseudostratified. The enterocytes contained mitochondria or mitochondria and lipid droplets. The enterocytes were arranged tightly in the apical parts of epithelium and connected by desmosomes and interdigitations. The large intestinal epithelium (LIE) was pseudostratified and the enterocytes did not contain lipid droplets...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
Neha, A K Verma, A Kumar, I Ahmed
The aim of present study was to compare the diagnostic performance of the different Brucella abortus antigen based serological and molecular tests such as Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT), indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Out of 89 samples, 44 were positive by I-ELISA, 18 by RBPT and 21 by PCR. Substantial agreement was observed between PCR and I-ELISA (κ=0.48). A slight degree of agreement was observed between RBPT and I-ELISA and PCR (κ=0.18) and RBPT and PCR (κ=0...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
S Agarwal, S D Kharche, A K Bhatiya
The aim of the present investigation was to compare Tyrode's albumin lactate pyruvate (TALP) medium and TRIS citrate medium for capacitation of caprine sperm. In experiment 1 capacitation was assessed by chlortetracycline assay and in experiment 2 with in vitro fertilization and embryo development. In experiment 2, cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) recovered by slicing the caprine ovaries were matured in maturation medium for 27 h in humidified atmosphere at 38.5°C with 5% CO2 . After 27 h of culture a total of 2480 in vitro matured oocytes were selected and randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
J Razmyar, A Jamshidi, S Khanzadi, Gh Kalidari
This study was designed to evaluate the occurrence of Clostridium difficile in both broiler chicken farms and packed chicken parts sold at market places in Mashhad, the second most popular Islamic pilgrimage city after Mecca in northeastern Iran. The fresh faecal samples were obtained from broiler farms, while the chicken packs were purchased from retail outlets across the city at market places and samples were obtained from the necks, thighs, and wings. The selective culture was used for isolation of C. difficile ...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
S Türk, K Çınar
The aim of this study was to detect the regional and mucosal distribution of endocrine cells that secrete gulcagon, somatostatin, Chyholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), serotonin, secretin, substance P (SP) and histamine in the small and large intestine of New Zealand white rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus L.) using immunohistochemical peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method. It was found that most of the immunoreactive (IR) endocrine cells, which are oval- or spindle-shaped, are spotted in the basal parts of the relevant glands...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
M N Banday, F A Lone, F Rasool, H A Rather, M A Rather
Antibiotics are added to semen extenders to take care of heavy microbial load, however, their continuous use poses a constant threat of developing antibiotic resistance by the common microbes present in the semen. Our hypothesis was that natural honey, having antibacterial activity and rich in fructose could replace the use of antibiotics and fructose in the semen extender. Twenty-four ejaculates from six crossbred rams were obtained and extended with tris-based extender without (control) and with honey at 2...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
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