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Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224015/molecular-identification-and-successful-treatment-of-chlamydophila-psittaci-genotype-b-in-a-clinically-affected-congo-african-grey-parrot-psittacus-erithacus-erithacus
#1
J Razmyar, M Rajabioun, M Zaeemi, A Afshari
Avian chlamydiosis is caused by Chlamydiophila psittaci with the highest infection rate in parrots (Psittacidae) and pigeons (Columbiformes). A two-year-old Congo African grey parrot was examined since the bird had shown clinical signs of anorexia, depression, diarrhea, and mild dyspnea and based on biochemical and hemathological analysis the bird was diagnosed as having anemia, leukocytosis, heterophilia, lymphopenia and monocytosis. With regards to clinical and paraclinical findings, the case was diagnosed to be carrying Chlamydiophila spp...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224014/the-effects-of-sub-chronic-administration-of-sub-lethal-doses-of-amitraz-xylene-on-selected-reproductive-parameters-of-male-wistar-rats
#2
V U Omoja, S M Anika, I U Asuzu
This study investigated the effects of sub-chronic administration of sub-lethal doses of amitraz on some testicular parameters of Albino rats. Twenty-four adult male Albino rats (100 ± 10 g) randomly assigned into four groups were used for the study. Groups A, B and C received 10.0, 2.0 and 0.4 mg/kg amitraz in 10 ml/kg water while group D received equivalent volume of water orally and daily for 84 days. Serum testosterone levels (TESL) were assessed on days 0, 28, 56 and 84. Epididymal sperm reserve (ESR), testicular sperm reserve (TSR), testicular weight index (TWI) and testicular histology were evaluated at the end of the experiment...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224013/isolation-of-clostridium-difficile-and-molecular-detection-of-binary-and-a-b-toxins-in-faeces-of-dogs
#3
M Ghavidel, H Salari Sedigh, J Razmyar
The aim of this study was to isolate Clostridium difficile from dogs' faeces, and to study the frequency of its virulence genes. A total of 151 samples of dogs' faeces were collected. The isolation of C. difficile was performed by using the bacterial culture methods followed by DNA extraction using boiling method. Multiplex PCR method was performed for identification of tcdA, tcdB, cdtA and cdtB genes and single method was carried out for detection of tcdC. Twelve samples (7.9%) were positive in bacteriological assay and based on molecular assay, 66...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224012/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-mannan-oligosaccharide-on-virus-shedding-in-avian-influenza-h9n2-challenged-broilers
#4
T Akhtar, G Ara, N Ali, F Ud Din Mufti, M Imran Khan
Avian influenza (AI) is a highly contagious disease causing significant economic losses worldwide. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) on tracheal and cloacal virus shedding in AI challenged broilers and contamination of environment with H9N2. A total of 300 1-day-old-broiler chicks were randomly divided into 3 groups (A, B and C) and supplemented 0.2, 0.5 and 0.0% MOS, respectively in NRC recommended diet for 36 days. On day 21 the groups were further split into two sub groups A+ve, A-ve, B+ve, B-ve, C+ve and C-ve with 5 replicates each...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224011/effect-of-doxycycline-and-lactobacillus-probiotics-on-mrna-expression-of-abcc2-in-small-intestines-of-chickens
#5
A Milanova, I Pavlova, V Yordanova, S Danova
Probiotics and antibiotics are widely used in poultry and may alter drug bioavailability by affecting the expression of intestinal ATP-binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporters. Therefore the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of Lactobacilli probiotics, administered alone or in combination with doxycycline, on the expression of ABCB1 (gene, encoding P-glycoprotein), ABCC2 (gene, encoding multidrug resistance protein 2, MRP2) and ABCG2 (gene, encoding breast cancer resistance protein) mRNAs in chicken using RT-PCR...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224010/neuropharmacological-properties-of-farnesol-in-murine-model
#6
M Shahnouri, M Abouhosseini Tabari, A Araghi
Research on new compounds of therapeutic value for behavioral disorders has progressed recently. Several studies have reported neuropharmacological activities of plant derived terpenes. Farnesol is a sesquiterpene whose most popular source is fruits but the anxiolytic activity for farnesol is still unknown. The present study was conducted on 32 male Swiss Albino mice (8 in each group) to evaluate the neuropharmacological properties of farnesol and its effects on plasma cortisol levels. Farnesol was administered intraperitoneally at single doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg, while diazepam 2 mg/kg was used as standard anxiolytic...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224009/developmental-competence-of-dromedary-camel-oocytes-fertilized-in-vitro-by-frozen-thawed-ejaculated-and-epididymal-spermatozoa
#7
T H Scholkamy, D A El-Badry, K Gh M Mahmoud
The present study aimed to compare the in vitro fertilizing capacity of frozen-thawed ejaculated and epididymal spermatozoa in order to standardize the semen preparation protocol for camel in vitro fertilization (IVF). Semen samples were collected from 7 Dromedary camels by means of artificial vagina (AV). Ten cauda epididymes were obtained from slaughtered adult camels, isolated, incised and rinsed for obtaining the sperm rich fluid. Ejaculated and epididymal spermatozoa were processed for cryopreservation...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224008/study-on-follicular-characteristics-hormonal-and-biochemical-profile-in-norgestomet-pmsg-treated-acyclic-buffaloes
#8
A Jerome, S K Srivastava, R K Sharma
This research was conducted to study the follicular dynamics, hormonal, biochemical profile and fertility response in acyclic and norgestomet+PMSG treated acyclic buffaloes in summer. The study animals were divided into two groups: group I [control (n=8): no treatment] and II [treatment group (n=15)]. In group II, seven animals were used for follicular biochemical and hormonal profile and eight animals for fertility studies following Crestar(®) (Intervet, France) treatment (day 0: Crestar(®) insertion; day 8: 500 IU PMSG; day 9: Crestar(®) removal; day 11 AI)...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224007/allometric-growth-rate-of-the-spinal-cord-in-relation-to-the-vertebral-column-during-prenatal-life-in-male-and-female-goats-capra-hircus
#9
S M Ghazi, R Ranjbar, M Khaksary Mahabady
Total and regional allometric growth rates and termination sites of the spinal cord related to the respective vertebra were studied in 36 goat fetuses, from the Ahvaz slaughterhouse. These specimens were assigned to 3 groups, group 1 (CRL 10-20 cm), group 2 (CRL 21-30 cm), and group 3 (CRL 31-40 cm), each consisting of 6 male and 6 female fetuses. Observations in all 3 groups revealed that although the growth of the vertebral column was greater than that of the spinal cord, the difference in growth was not constant throughout the spine...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224006/expression-of-ha1-antigen-of-h5n1-influenza-virus-as-a-potent-candidate-for-vaccine-in-bacterial-system
#10
A S Farsad, S Malekzadeh-Shafaroudi, N Moshtaghi, F Fotouhi, S Zibaee
The impending influenza virus pandemic requires global vaccination to prevent large-scale mortality and morbidity, but traditional influenza virus vaccine production is too slow for rapid responses. In this study, bacterial system has been developed for expression and purification of properly folded HA1 antigen as a rapid response to emerging pandemic strains. Here, a recombinant H5N1 (A/Indonesia/05/05) hemagglutinin globular domain, the synthesized HA1 (1-320 amino acids), was amplified and cloned into pET-28a bacterial expression vector...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224005/mammary-tumor-associated-hspb1-mutation-and-screening-of-eight-cat-populations-of-the-world
#11
R Saif, A R Awan, L Lyons, B Gandolfi, M Tayyab, M Ellahi Babar, M Wasim
Current research highlights the Hspb1 based screening of eight cat populations of the world to investigate the association of newly found locus within cat mammary tumors. Total 180 cats were screened on the basis of Hspb1 4 bp deletion locus (1514-1517del4) which was observed in six mammary tumor cases in Siamese cat breed. Case-control association study revealed the non-significance with P=0.201 and an overall mutant allele frequency of 0.30 ranging from 0.20-0.40 was observed in other cat populations. Similarly, HWE was also obeyed in combined population samples with P=0...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224004/association-of-oxidative-status-and-semen-characteristics-with-seminal-plasma-proteins-of-buffalo-semen
#12
L Sharma, V Pandey, R Nigam, A Saxena, D K Swain, B Yadav
To study the influence of season on oxidative status of buffalo semen and their association with semen characteristics and seminal plasma proteins, ejaculates were collected twice a week in winter, summer and rainy seasons from six adult Bhadawari buffalo bulls. The neat semen was analyzed for semen characteristics immediately after collection and oxidative status viz. lipid peroxidation (LPO), catalase (CAT), super oxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and total protein (TP) were estimated in seminal plasma. The protein profiling was carried out by one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822254/relationship-between-white-spot-syndrome-virus-wssv-loads-and-characterizations-of-water-quality-in-litopenaeus-vannamei-culture-ponds-during-the-tropical-storm
#13
J S Zhang, Z J Li, G L Wen, Y L Wang, L Luo, H J Zhang, H B Dong
An in-situ experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of tropical storm on the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) loads in Litopenaeus vannamei rearing ponds. White spot syndrome virus loads, heterotrophic bacteria, Vibrio and water quality (including temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), salinity, pH, NH4-N, and NO2-N) were continually monitored through one tropical storm. The WSSV loads decreased when tropical storm made landfall, and substantially increased when typhoon passed. The variation of WSSV loads was correlated with DO, temperature, heterotrophic bacteria count, and ammonia-N concentrations...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822253/estrogen-receptor-gene-1-expression-in-caprine-and-its-effect-on-fertility
#14
S Saraswat, P K Rout, S D Kharche, A K Goel, S K Jindal, S Kumar
The present study was undertaken to analyze the expression pattern of estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) in Barbari bucks (fertile and non-fertile) identified on the basis of seminal quality traits and fertility trials. RNA was extracted from the spleen by Trizol method. The expression pattern of ESR1 gene was analyzed using real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression pattern of ESR1 gene was analyzed by RT-PCR (Roche LC-480). Relative quantification by RT-PCR indicated that the ESR1 gene expression showed more fold in fertile bucks as compared to non-fertile...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822252/effects-of-hydro-alcoholic-extract-of-vitex-agnus-castus-fruit-on-kidney-of-d-galactose-induced-aging-model-in-female-mice
#15
A A Oroojan, A Ahangarpour, L Khorsandi, S A Najimi
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a hydro-alcoholic extract of Vitex agnus-castus (VAC) fruit on blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr) and, kidney histology of a female mouse model of D-galactose induced aging. In this experimental study, 72 NMRI mice were divided into 6 groups: control, VAC, D-galactose, D-galactose+VAC, aging, and aging+VAC. D-galactose was injected for 45 days and, VAC extract administered in the last 7 days, twice a day. Serum BUN and Cr levels were not significantly changed in the D-galactose and natural aged animals in comparison to control group...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822251/immunostimulatory-effect-of-the-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-phyllanthus-niruri-on-the-specific-and-nonspecific-immune-responses-of-oreochromis-mossambicus-peters
#16
M Muthulakshmi, P A Subramani, R D Michael
Plant derived immunostimulants are a promising alternative to chemotherapeutics and also perhaps vaccines. In the present study, we examined the immunostimulating properties of aqueous leaf extract of Phyllanthus niruri, an Indian traditional medicinal herb, on neutrophil activation and antibody response of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Serial ten-fold diluted doses of P. niruri ranging from 0.002 mg to 20 mg were administered to two groups of O. mossambicus (n=8). One group of fishes was administered with sheep red blood cells and the primary and secondary antibody responses were estimated using direct haemagglutination assay...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822250/mitochondrial-dna-sequence-based-phylogenetic-relationship-of-trichiurus-lepturus-perciformes-trichiuridae-from-the-persian-gulf
#17
S Tamadoni Jahromi, S A Mohd Noor, K Pirian, R Dehghani, M Nazemi, A Khazaali
In this study, mitochondrial DNA analysis using 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was performed to investigate the phylogeny relationship of Trichiurus lepturus in the Persian Gulf compared to the other investigated area. The amplification of 16S rDNA resulted in a product of 600 bp in all samples. The results showed that the isolated strain belongs to T. lepturus showing 42 divergence sites among the same reported partial sequences of 16S rRNA gene from the other area (West Atlantic and Indo-Pacific area). Phylogeny results showed that all 18 haplotypes of the species clustered into five clades with reasonably high bootstrap support of values (>64%)...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822249/the-influence-of-administration-of-different-doses-of-arginine-and-lysine-coupled-with-zinc-in-the-lactating-ewes-on-the-zinc-concentration-in-milk
#18
M Keshvari, H Khazali, H Rokni, A Hosseini
Zinc (Zn) plays an essential role in the human and animal body system. Zinc deficiency might cause many disorders, so it is important to provide a sufficient amount of this microelement in both animals and humans. One of the most important sources of Zn is milk. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Zn can pass through the mammary epithelial cell into milk by a co-transport system with amino acid in the lactating ewes. This experimental research included 54 lactating ewes collected from the Agriculture-Jahad Organization of Tehran Province, that were allocated into 9 groups as follows: groups which received inorganic form as Zn chloride (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg), and groups which received organic Zn with different doses of arginine or lysine (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg) in chelate form...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822248/proteomic-analysis-of-muscle-tissue-from-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-fed-dietary-%C3%AE-glucan
#19
Gh Ghaedi, S Keyvanshokooh, H Mohammadi Azarm, M Akhlaghi
The aim of this study was to examine the changes in muscle proteome of the rainbow trout fed dietary β-glucan. The experimental diets contained 0 (control), 0.1% and 0.2% β-1,3/1,6 yeast glucan. First, feeding larvae were fed to apparent satiation nine times per day with their respective diets over two months. The percentage of body weight gain and feed efficiency of fish fed 0.2% diet was significantly higher than those of fish fed the control and 0.1% diets. Fish fed the control and 0.2% diets were subjected to proteomic analysis...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822247/pfge-genotyping-and-molecular-characterization-of-campylobacter-spp-isolated-from-chicken-meat
#20
B Bakhshi, M Kalantar, A Rastegar-Lari, F Fallah
A total of 70 samples were collected from chicken meat obtained from 10 markets in Tehran, Iran from which 39 Campylobacter coli were isolated. Among 10 antibiotics used, maximum resistance was seen to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (SXT) (97.36%), nalidixic acid (94.8%), ciprofloxacin (87.7%), streptomycin (89.72%), and tetracycline (97.4%). No resistance was to gentamycin was observed. None of the Campylobacter strains under study harbored integron, suggesting the involvement of other resistance mechanisms in emergence of multi drug resistance (MDR) phenotype among the isolates...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
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