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BMJ Quality Improvement Reports

Gang Xu, Rupert Major, David Shepherd, Nigel Brunskill
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious long-term condition, which if left untreated causes significant cardiovascular sequele. It is well recognized management of modifiable risk factors, such as blood pressure (BP), can lead to improved long-term outcomes. A novel information technology (IT) solution presents a possible solution to help clinicians in the community identify and manage at risk patients more efficiently. The IMproving Patient care and Awareness of Kidney disease progression Together (IMPAKT) IT tool was used to identify patients with CKD and uncontrolled hypertension in the community...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Joris van Fessem, Jessica Willems, Marieke Kruip, Sanne Hoeks, Robert Jan Stolker
Use of vitamin K antagonists creates a risk for patient health and safety. The Dutch framework "Nationwide Standard Integrated Care of Anticoagulation" propagates a shared plan and responsibility by surgeon and anesthesiologist together in the preoperative setting. In our institution, this framework had not been implemented. Therefore, a quality-improvement project was started at the Anesthesia Department to improve perioperative safety. After exploration of barriers, multiple interventions were carried out to encourage co-workers at the preoperative screening department to take shared responsibility: distribution of prints, adjustments in electronic patient records, introduction of a protocol and education sessions...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Ashwaq Alolayan, Mohammad Alkaiyat, Yosra Ali, Mona Alshami, Khaled Al-Surimi, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
Cancer patients are frequently admitted to hospital for many reasons. During their hospitalization they are handled by different physicians and other care providers. Maintaining good communication among physicians is essential to assure patient safety and the delivery of quality patient care. Several incidents of miscommunication issues have been reported due to lack of a standardized communication tool for patients' hand over among physicians at our oncology department. Hence, this improvement project aims at assessing the impact of using a standardized communication tool on improving patients' hand over and quality of patient care...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Tharsika Myuran, Oliver Turner, Bijan Ben Doostdar, Bryony Lovett
In 2001 the CRABEL score was devised in order to obtain a numerical score of the standard of medical note keeping. With the advent of electronic discharge letters, many components of the CRABEL score are now redundant as computers automatically include some documentation. The CRABEL score was modified to form the e-CRABEL score. "Patient details on discharge letter" and "Admission and discharge dates on discharge letter" were replaced with "Summary of investigations on discharge letter" and "Documentation of VTE prophylaxis on the drug chart"...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Tharsika Myuran
Up to 30% of patients who have periorbital trauma will have ocular injury with devastating consequences if missed. All staff working with acutely injured Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) patients should be competent in a basic eye examination with documentation of visual acuity, gross visual fields, eye movements, diplopia, and pupillary responses at a minimum. As a standard we adapted guidance published by the Emergency Care Institute New South Wales to assess the documentation of the eye examination in OMFS patients at King's College Hospital with any periorbital injury...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Angela Humphries, Carol Peden, Lesley Jordan, Josephine Crowe, Carol Peden
A significant incidence of post-procedural deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus (PE) was identified in patients undergoing surgery at our hospital. Investigation showed an unreliable peri-operative process leading to patients receiving incorrect or missed venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. The Trust had previously participated in a project funded by the Health Foundation using the "Safer Clinical Systems" methodology to assess, diagnose, appraise options, and implement interventions to improve a high risk medication pathway...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
James A Heilman, Mary Tanski, Beech Burns, Amber Lin, John Ma
Significant delays occur in providing adequate pain relief for patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with extremity fractures. The median time to pain medication administration for patients presenting to our ED with extremity fractures was 72.5 minutes. We used a multidisciplinary approach to implement three improvement cycles with the goal of reducing the median time to pain medication by 15% over an eight month time period. First, we redesigned nursing triage and treatment processes. Second, we improved nursing documentation standardization to ensure accurate tracking of patients who declined pain medication...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Ching Li, Judith Stellman, Nitisha Patel, Florence Dalton
Assessment of mental capacity provides an ethical and legal framework for care which values patients' autonomy whilst recognising the instances where it is appropriate to act in patients' best interests. Existing medical literature indicates that mental capacity is poorly documented in psychiatric inpatient settings. The aim of the project was to examine the frequency of capacity and consent to treatment documentation with a view to creating changes in practice by raising awareness about the importance of assessing and documenting mental capacity...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Zoe van Willigen, Nikki Collings, Dominic Richardson, Rebecca Cusack
Early mobilisation initiatives within the critical care environment have been shown to improve outcomes for patients. Early mobilisation has been defined as occurring within the first two to five days of the intensive care stay, but in practice this can be difficult to deliver. We conducted a quality improvement (QI) project to deliver early mobilisation in a large general intensive care unit. Mechanically ventilated medical patients received an integrated package of care involving two additional daily sessions of mobility therapy, in combination with minimal sedation where possible...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Kathleen Brown, Sabah Iqbal, Su-Lin Sun, Jennifer Fritzeen, James Chamberlain, Paul C Mullan
Asthma is the most common chronic paediatric disease treated in the emergency department (ED). Rapid corticosteroid administration is associated with improved outcomes, but our busy ED setting has made it challenging to achieve this goal. Our primary aim was to decrease the time to corticosteroid administration in a large, academic paediatric ED. We conducted an interrupted time series analysis for moderate to severe asthma exacerbations of one to 18 year old patients. A multidisciplinary team designed the intervention of a bedside nurse initiated administration of oral dexamethasone, to replace the prior system of a physician initiated order for oral prednisone...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Alison O'Reilly
The opportunities for service users to develop skills for more independent living and take control of their environments are limited in secure mental health units. This paper will outline a quality improvement project that changed how the catering services were delivered in a low secure unit in East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT). A Quality Improvement methodology was adopted incorporating the Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) cycle which included the trial of service users preparing their own meals on a daily basis...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Huay-Ying Lo, Paul C Mullan, Cara Lye, Mary Gordon, Binita Patel, Joyee Vachani
Handoffs represent a critical transition point in patient care that play a key role in patient safety. Our quality improvement project was a descriptive observational study aimed at standardizing pediatric hospitalist handoffs via implementation of a handoff checklist, with the goal of improving handoff quality and physician satisfaction within six months. The handoff checklist was quickly adapted by hospitalists, with median compliance rate of 83% during the study. Handoff quality was assessed by trained observers using the validated Handoff Clinical Evaluation Exercise (CEX) tool at multiple time periods pre- and post-implementation (at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Mark Jordan, Jenny Caesar
Acute coronary syndrome is a common condition with a major global impact on healthcare resources and expenditure. International guidelines are clear in specifying that patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) should receive urgent coronary reperfusion with either primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or thrombolysis. Although PCI is the gold standard in the treatment of STEMI, this is not always achievable in a rural hospital with no cardiac catheterization service. Consequently, local recommendations on STEMI management exist to promote timely administration of thrombolysis within 30 minutes of patient arrival...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Ole Bredahl Rasmussen, Annika Yding, Jacob Anh Ø, Charlotte Sander Andersen, Jane Boris
A main concern for women giving birth is the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries. In our department the incidence of sphincter injuries was around 8 % among vaginally delivering first time mothers. We aimed to halve the incidence to 4 % or less. A prospective interventional program was instituted. We implemented a hands-on technique with four elements in a bundle of care together with a certification process for all staff on the delivery ward. The incidence of episiotomies served as a balancing indicator...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Alice Ferguson, Barry Aaronson, Anuradhika Anuradhika
Communication is one of the foundations on which safe, high quality care is built.(1, 3, 6, 17, 20) The nature of hospital medicine requires that nurses and providers be efficient and effective in communicating with multiple disciplines.(17) This need for timely communication must continually be balanced with the need to minimize interruptions in workflow.(1,2 3,4,6,7,9,13,15,17,18) Interruptions not only lead to distraction, they also add inefficiency to the care process and have been shown to contribute to an increased risk of medical error...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Sebastian Helliar
Oxygen prescription remains a nationwide problem. The dangers associated with unregulated oxygen administration are well described in the literature with the potential for serious harm in patients with chronic hypercapnia, as well as potentially delaying discharge in patients who are administered it without a prescription. This project identifies poor compliance with regional and national standards and sets out to improve the frequency of oxygen prescribing on a cardiology ward. By studying the problem at a Somerset district general hospital we identified two main groups of professionals responsible for the poor compliance, nursing staff (who administer the oxygen) and junior doctors (who should prescribe it)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Lauren Rakes, Mary King, Brian Johnston, Randall Chesnut, Rosemary Grant, Monica Vavilala
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. In 2003 and 2012, the Brain Trauma Foundation established and refined evidence-based guidelines for management of severe TBI in children. A recent multicenter study demonstrated an association between TBI guideline adherence and improved discharge survival. However, this study also showed large variation in adherence to pediatric TBI management at our level 1 pediatric trauma center, where overall adherence to fourteen pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) TBI clinical indicators was 64%...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Jill Bailey, Bethan Page, Nokuthula Ndimande, Julie Connell, Charles Vincent
Failing to return from leave from acute psychiatric wards can have a range of negative consequences for patients, relatives and staff. This study used quality improvement methodology to improve the processes around patient leave and time away from the ward. The aim of this study was to improve rates of on-time return from leave by detained and informal patients by 50%. Following a baseline period, four interventions were implemented and refined using PDSA cycles. The main outcome measure was the proportion of periods of leave where the patient returned on time...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Wafaa Yousuf, Sheren Elkomy, Mona Soliman, Noof Al-Mansouri, Mohamed Salem, Amal Al-Ali, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Hisham Elmahdi
Primary healthcare in Qatar uses electronic prescribing to reduce the risk of medication errors. Electronic prescribing is supported by computerized Physician Order Entry systems through Cerner (electronic medical record system). There are still prescription errors, despite electronic prescribing being in place for one year at West Bay Health Center. West Bay Health Center is a famous primary healthcare center in Qatar. It is a training center for the family medicine residency program, which is accredited by the accreditation council of general medical education international (ACGME-I)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Inderpal Singh, Rachel Fletcher, Linda Scanlon, Mandy Tyler, Shridhar Aithal
The risk of falls is higher in patients with people with Parkinsonism (PwP) compared to those without Parkinsonism, and leads to adverse outcomes including fragility fractures. Osteoporosis is under-recognised, and the prevalence of fragility fractures in not well studied. The primary aim of this project is for 100% of new patient referrals to, and 80% of follow up patients within the movement disorder (MD) service with osteoporosis to be treated in accordance with evidence based osteoporosis guidance. Routinely captured information regarding demographics and fragility fractures was retrospectively extracted from the clinical workstation, clinic letters, and clinical coding between July and November 2015...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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