journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Echo Research and Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895628/a-man-with-multiple-cardiac-masses
#1
Manasawee Indrabhinduwat, Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Joseph P Colgan, Benoy N Villarraga
A 37-year-old male presented with cough, dyspnea, significant weight loss (45 pounds) and subacute fever for the past two months. Physical examination revealed inspiratory and expiratory wheezing bilaterally. A normal S1, S2 and a 3/6 systolic ejection murmur at the left upper parasternal border with respiratory variation were found during cardiac auscultation. Kidney and bone marrow biopsy reported a high grade B cell lymphoma. Echocardiography and cardiac CT findings consisted of multiple intracardiac masses affecting the right ventricular (RV) outflow track, RV apex, medial portion of the right atrium and posterior left atrium, as well as mild impairment of the RV systolic function...
June 12, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895627/sub-acute-leaflet-thrombosis-a-reversible-cause-of-aortic-stenosis
#2
Athina Chasapi, Adam Hobbs, Theodore Velissaris, Benoy N Shah
A 77 year old male underwent elective bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (23mm Carpentier-Edwards Perimount MagnaEase) for severe aortic stenosis. His pre-discharge transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) was normal. He presented 9 days after surgery with dyspnoea and fever. He was in sinus rhythm. Blood cultures were taken and he was commenced on empirical antibiotics for possible infective endocarditis (subsequently all negative). Repeat TTE showed a well-seated prosthesis without regurgitation but elevated gradients (peak / mean gradients 49 / 22 mmHg respectively)...
June 12, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743181/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-images-and-verification-of-proficiency
#3
Robina Matyal, Faraz Mahmood, Ziyad Omar Knio, Stephanie Jones, Lu Yeh, Rabina Amir, Ruma Bose, John D Mitchell
Various metrics have been used in curriculum-based TEE training programs to evaluate acquisition of proficiency. However, the quality of task completion, i.e. the final image quality, was subjectively evaluated in these studies. Ideally, the end point metric should be an objective comparison of the trainee-acquired image with a reference ideal image. Therefore, we developed a simulator-based methodology of pre-clinical verification of proficiency (VOP) in trainees by tracking objective evaluation of the final acquired images...
May 9, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743180/comparison-of-transesophageal-and-transthoracic-echocardiography-under-moderate-sedation-for-guiding-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#4
Ines Sherifi, Alaa Mabrouk Salem Omar, Mithun Varghese, Menachem Weiner, Ani Anyanwu, Jason C Kovacic, Samin Sharma, Annapoorna Kini, Partho Sengupta
The optimal periprocedural imaging strategy during transcathether aortic valve replacement (TAVR) performed under moderate sedation is debated. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides suboptimal views due to poorer resolution and patient positioning, whereas use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) under moderate sedation is not widely utilized. The aim of our study was to compare the value of TTE in comparison with TEE guidance under moderate sedation during TAVR. The study population included 144 consecutive patients (mean age 83±11 years, 78(54%) females) who had TAVR under moderate sedation using either a TTE (n=96) or TEE (n=48)...
May 9, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588309/utility-of-multimodality-cardiac-imaging-in-disorders-of-the-pericardium
#5
REVIEW
Bo Xu, Serge C Harb, Allan L Klein
Disorders of the pericardium represent a diverse range of conditions that traditionally may not have received the same level of attention by cardiologists and physicians, owing partly to a lack of research into advanced diagnostic modalities, and limited, evidence-based treatment options. In recent years, there has been a timely resurgence of interest in pericardial diseases, in particular pericarditis. This is attributable to advances in multi-modality cardiovascular imaging, in particular cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), which may help guide treatment decisions for patients with pericardial syndromes...
March 27, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691224/echo-and-heart-failure-when-do-people-need-an-echo-and-when-do-they-need-natriuretic-peptides
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Modin, Ditte Madsen Andersen, Tor Biering-Sørensen
Heart failure (HF) is a threat to public health. Heterogeneities in aetiology and phenotype complicate the diagnosis and management of HF. This is especially true when considering HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), which makes up 50% of HF cases. Natriuretic peptides may aid in establishing a working diagnosis in patients suspected of HF, but echocardiography remains the optimal choice for diagnosing HF. Echocardiography provides important prognostic information in both HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and HFpEF...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685924/the-clot-thickens-an-incompletely-ligated-left-atrial-appendage
#7
Merrill Thomas, Anna Grodzinsky, Martin Zink
SummaryOur patient presented with known mechanical mitral valve endocarditis documented by 2D transesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) from a recent hospitalization at an outside facility. On admission to our center, there was no prior knowledge of an incompletely ligated left atrial appendage (LAA) according to patient- or family-reported history, review of outside records or the outside facility's 2D TOE report. A 3D TOE performed at our center to assess her pathology, since a month had passed from her prior hospitalization, revealed a LAA ligation with evidence of communication to the left atrium and with clot present in the appendage...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681546/educational-series-in-congenital-heart-disease-congenital-left-sided-heart-obstruction
#8
REVIEW
Michelle Carr, Stephanie Curtis, Jan Marek
Congenital obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract remains a significant problem and multilevel obstruction can often coexist. Obstruction can take several morphological forms and may involve the subvalvar, valvar or supravalvar portion of the aortic valve complex. Congenital valvar stenosis presenting in the neonatal period represents a spectrum of disorders ranging from the hypoplastic left heart syndrome to almost normal hearts. Treatment options vary dependent on the severity of the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and the variable degree of left ventricular hypoplasia as well as the associated lesions such as arch hypoplasia and coarctation...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674478/quadruple-valve-replacement-in-a-patient-with-severe-rheumatic-heart-disease
#9
Isaac Adembesa, Adriaan Myburgh, Justiaan Swanevelder
SummaryWe present a patient with rheumatic heart disease involving all the heart valves. An intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed severe mitral stenosis, severe aortic regurgitation, severe tricuspid regurgitation and stenosis, and severe pulmonary stenosis. The patient underwent successful quadruple valve replacement during a single operation at the Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. LEARNING POINTS: Rheumatic heart disease can affect all the heart valves including the pulmonary valve...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643125/what-is-the-minimum-change-in-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-which-can-be-measured-with-contrast-echocardiography
#10
Tan Suwatanaviroj, Weimin He, Edith Pituskin, Ian Paterson, Jonathan Choy, Harald Becher
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on what is the minimum change that can be detected in cancer patients undergoing treatment with cardiotoxic drugs and are referred for monitoring left ventricular (LV) function. OBJECTIVE: To assess the variability in the measurement of LV volumes and ejection fraction (EF) in contrast echocardiography and to determine the minimum detectable difference (MDD) between two EF measurements that can be deemed significant. METHODS: A total of 150 patients were divided into three groups according to EF (EF <53, 53-60, and >60%)...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643124/myocardial-ischaemia-as-a-result-of-external-coronary-compression-from-infective-aortic-root-aneurysm-atypical-presentation-of-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#11
Baskar Sekar, Richard Wheeler, Navroz Masani, Sean Gallagher
SummaryThis case describes an unusual presentation of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE): an acute coronary syndrome. A 67-year-old male presented with cardiac sounding chest pain on a background of a short history of night sweats, weight loss and general malaise. Four months previously, he had undergone bio-prosthetic aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis and single vessel bypass grafting of the obtuse marginal. Whilst having chest pain, his ECG showed infero-lateral ST depression. Early coronary angiography revealed a new right coronary artery (RCA) lesion that was not present prior to his cardiac surgery...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628446/assessment-of-lvef-using-a-new-16-segment-wall-motion-score-in-echocardiography
#12
Real Lebeau, Karim Serri, Maria Di Lorenzo, Claude Sauvé, Van Hoai Viet Le, Vicky Soulières, Malak El-Rayes, Maude Pagé, Chimène Zaïani, Jérôme Garot, Frédéric Poulin
BACKGROUND: Simpson biplane method and 3D by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), radionuclide angiography (RNA) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) are the most accepted techniques for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessment. Wall motion score index (WMSI) by TTE is an accepted complement. However, the conversion from WMSI to LVEF is obtained through a regression equation, which may limit its use. In this retrospective study, we aimed to validate a new method to derive LVEF from the wall motion score in 95 patients...
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588310/echocardiographic-approach-to-catheter-closure-of-atrial-septal-defects-patient-selection-procedural-guidance-and-post-procedural-checks
#13
REVIEW
Alexandra Savis, John Simpson
Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice to diagnose different types of atrial septal defect and to determine which defects are suitable for catheter occlusion. In addition to assessment of defect size and rims, transoesophageal echocardiography may be used to guide the procedure itself including device placement, procedural complications and post-procedural checks. This review covers a practical approach to this subject and is accompanied by online videos illustrating the technique.
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540436/pericardial-tumour-infiltration-of-lv-cavity-in-recurrence-of-previously-treated-lung-adenocarcinoma
#14
Sarosh Khan, Maria Ribeiro, Diogo Fernandes, Colin Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572293/prominent-inter-scallop-separations-of-the-posterior-leaflet-of-the-mitral-valve-an-important-cause-of-pathological-mitral-regurgitation
#15
L D Hunter, M Monaghan, G Lloyd, A J K Pecoraro, A F Doubell, P G Herbst
The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) identify that the finding of 'pathological' mitral regurgitation (MR) in a screened individual increases the likelihood of detecting underlying RHD. Cases of isolated "pathological MR are thus identified as 'borderline RHD'. A large-scale echocardiographic screening program (Echo in Africa) in South Africa has identified that inter-scallop separations of the posterior mitral valve leaflet (PMVL) can give rise to 'pathological' MR...
March 23, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563146/assessment-of-lvef-using-a-new-16-segments-wall-motion-score-in-echocardiography
#16
Real Lebeau, Karim Serri, Maria Di Lorenzo, Claude Sauvé, Van Hoai Viet Le, Vicky Soulières, Malak El-Rayes, Maude Pagé, Chiméne Zaïani, Jérôme Garot, Frédéric Poulin
BACKGROUND: Simpson Biplane method and 3D by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), radionuclide angiography (RNA), and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) are the most accepted techniques for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessment. Wall motion score index (WMSI) by TTE is an accepted complement. However, the conversion from WMSI to LVEF is obtained through a regression equation which may limit its use. In this retrospective study, we aimed to validate a new method to derive LVEF from the wall motion score in 95 patients...
March 21, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563145/our-obsession-with-normal-values
#17
REVIEW
Frank A Flachskampf, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
Normal values provide the background for interpretation of quantitative imaging data and thus are essential information for daily routine. Nevertheless, the ways how normal values are obtained, presented, and interpreted, often do not receive the attention they deserve. We review the concepts of normalcy, the implications of typical normal ranges including the types of distribution of normal data, the possibilities to index for confounding biological factors like body surface area, and the limitations of the very concept of normal values, demonstrating that there are no easy statistical solutions for difficult clinical problems...
March 21, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549184/congenital-left-sided-heart-obstruction
#18
REVIEW
Michelle Carr, Stephanie Curtis, Jan Marek
Congenital obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract remains a significant problem and multi-level obstruction can often co-exist. Obstruction can take several morphological forms and may involve the subvalvar, valvar or supravalvar portion of the aortic valve complex. Congenital valvar stenosis presenting in the neonatal period represents a spectrum of disorders ranging from the hypoplastic left heart syndrome to almost normal hearts. Treatment options vary dependent on the severity of the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and the variable degree of left ventricular hypoplasia as well as the associated lesions such as arch hypoplasia and coarctation...
March 16, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519957/analysis-of-chronic-aortic-regurgitation-by-2d-and-3d-echocardiography-and-cardiac-mri
#19
Stephan Stoebe, Michael Metze, Daniel Jurisch, Bhupendar Tayal, Kilian Solty, Ulrich Laufs, Dietrich Pfeiffer, Andreas Hagendorff
PURPOSE: The study compares the feasibility of the quantitative volumetric and semi-quantitative approach for quantification of chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) using different imaging modalities. METHODS: left ventricular (LV) volumes, regurgitant volumes (RVol) and regurgitant fractions (RF) were assessed retrospectively by 2D, 3D echocardiography and cMRI in 55 chronic AR patients. Semi-quantitative parameters were assessed by 2D echocardiography. RESULTS: 22 (40%) patients had mild, 25 (46%) moderate and 8 (14%) severe AR...
March 8, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551755/a-guideline-update-for-the-practice-of-echocardiography-in-the-cardiac-screening-of-sports-participants-a-joint-policy-statement-from-the-british-society-of-echocardiography-and-cardiac-risk-in-the-young
#20
David Oxborough, Daniel Augustine, Sabiha Gati, Keith George, Allan Harkness, Thomas Mathew, Michael Papadakis, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Rizwan Sarwar, Sanjay Sharma, Vishal Sharma, Nabeel Sheikh, John Somauroo, Martin Stout, James Willis, Abbas Zaidi
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an athlete is a rare but tragic event. In view of this, pre-participation cardiac screening is mandatory across many sporting disciplines to identify those athletes at risk. Echocardiography is a primary investigation utilized in the pre-participation setting and in 2013 the British Society of Echocardiography and Cardiac Risk in the Young produced a joint policy document providing guidance on the role of echocardiography in this setting. Recent developments in our understanding of the athlete's heart and the application of echocardiography have prompted this 2018 update...
March 2018: Echo Research and Practice
journal
journal
52679
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"