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Journal of Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844944/anomalous-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-from-the-main-pulmonary-artery-treated-surgically-in-a-6-week-old-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Krzysztof Grabowski, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Wojciech Mądry, Jacek Pająk
Background: In the present paper, the authors describe a case of a rare congenital defect - anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery diagnosed in a 5-week-old infant who was deemed eligible for surgical treatment based solely on echocardiography. Such anatomical abnormalities of the coronary arteries are subtle and thus extremely difficult to visualize, especially in patients in whom permanent extensive damage of the cardiac muscle has not yet occurred...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844943/bacterial-meningitis-in-neonates-and-infants-the-sonographic-picture
#2
REVIEW
Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak
Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient's favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited availability of magnetic resonance imaging, cranial ultrasound is the first imaging procedure to be performed (if the anterior fontanelle is preserved providing an adequate acoustic window)...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844942/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-new-challenge-for-obstetricians
#3
REVIEW
Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont
Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy has become a challenge for contemporary obstetrics. With an increase in the number of pregnancies concluded with a cesarean section and with the development of transvaginal ultrasonography, the frequency of cesarean scar pregnancy diagnoses has increased as well. The aim of the study is to evaluate various diagnostic methods (ultrasonography in particular) and analyze effective treatment methods for cesarean scar pregnancy. An ultrasound scan, Doppler examination and magnetic resonance imaging are all useful in early detection of asymptomatic cesarean scar pregnancy, thus enabling effective treatment and preservation of fertility...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844941/current-knowledge-on-the-use-of-ultrasound-measurements-of-fetal-soft-tissues-for-the-assessment-of-pregnancy-development
#4
REVIEW
Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason, researchers all over the world have been looking for other sonographic parameters correlating with fetal weight, with a higher predictive value...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844940/diabetic-foot-syndrome-charcot-arthropathy-or-osteomyelitis-part-i-clinical-picture-and-radiography
#5
REVIEW
Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek
One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient's medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows osteopenia, lytic lesions, cortical destruction, periosteal reactions as well as, in the chronic phase, osteosclerosis and sequestra...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844939/clinical-applications-of-spleen-ultrasound-elastography-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Rafał Mazur, Milena Celmer, Jurand Silicki, Daniel Hołownia, Patryk Pozowski, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki
In the last few years, notable technical progress has taken place in ultrasound elastography. Qualitative methods have been replaced by quantitative ones, such as: transient elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse and shear wave elastography. Owing to the fact that the spleen is superficially located, it is possible to obtain reliable measuring accuracy of its hardness using sonoelastography. Lately, many researchers have been investigating how spleen elasticity changes in patients infected with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus and in patients suffering from liver fibrosis, portal hypertension, esophageal varices or myelofibrosis...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844938/diagnostic-accuracy-of-sonoelastography-in-different-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in patients of primary and secondary health care settings. Google scholar, PubMed, Medline, Medscape, Wikipedia and NCBI were searched in October 2017 for all original studies and review articles to identify the relevant material. Two reviewers independently selected articles for evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases based on titles and abstracts retrieved by the literature search...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844937/utility-of-doppler-parameters-at-36-42-weeks-gestation-in-the-prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#8
Michał Migda, Katarzyna Gieryn, Bartosz Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Marek Maleńczyk
Aim: To investigate the potential value of Doppler ultrasound and to assess cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome defined as Apgar score < 7 at 1 minute. Material and methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study in selected pregnant women undergoing an ultrasound examination between 36 and 42 weeks of gestation. We measured estimated fetal weight (EFW), mean umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA PI), mean middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI), CPR, and Apgar score in 1 minute...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844936/the-sonoanatomy-of-lumbar-erector-spinae-and-its-iliac-attachment-the-potential-substrate-of-the-iliac-crest-pain-syndrome-an-ultrasound-study-in-healthy-subjects
#9
Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov
Background: Iliac crest pain syndrome is a regional pain syndrome that has been identified in many patients with low back pain. Based on anatomical studies, it was suggested that the potential substrate of this syndrome might be the enthesis of the erector spinae muscle at the posterior medial iliac crest. As there have been no imaging studies of this important enthesis, our aim was to assess its characteristics by ultrasound. Methods: Erector spinae enthesis was first studied in a cadaver...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844935/cartilaginous-compression-of-the-liver-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-aspects
#10
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
Introduction: The musculocartilaginous complex is a structure composed of cartilaginous, osseous and muscular elements, which is located at the thoracoabdominal junction, at the level of the right costal arch. Aim: To determine the ultrasonographic characteristics of this complex under normal conditions as well as to demonstrate its effects on the liver depending on the constitutional body built, respiratory phase and patient's body position. Materials and methods: All abdominal ultrasound scans were performed between 2006 and 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844934/the-relationship-between-splenic-length-in-healthy-children-from-the-eastern-anatolia-region-and-sex-age-body-height-and-weight
#11
Mete Özdikici
Purposes: The normal limits of spleen size must be known in order for pathological changes to be noticed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the normal limits of spleen size in healthy children and to reveal their relation to sex, age, body height and weight. Patients and methods: Three hundred and ten children (150 girls and 160 boys) between 0-16 years of age in Eastern Anatolia Region who had normal spleen ultrasound appearances were included in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375907/a-twin-pregnancy-with-a-hydatidiform-mole-and-a-coexisting-live-fetus-prenatal-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up
#12
Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior
Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus diagnosed at gestational week 14 using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375906/fetal-ultrasound-early-diagnosis-and-natural-evolution-of-proximal-femoral-focal-deficiency
#13
Eugenio O Gerscovich, Simran Sekhon, Thomas W Loehfelm, Adam Greenspan
Proximal femoral focal deficiency is an extremely rare congenital anomaly with only a few case reports in the literature. This case illustrates one diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. The diagnosis may be isolated or associated with other abnormalities and syndromes. This report describes the early obstetrical ultrasound diagnosis, its evolution and associated findings throughout pregnancy. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first report associating this diagnosis with sickle cell trait. Another finding in our patient was a concomitant intrauterine growth restriction that we attribute to placental infarctions and a retro placental hemorrhage, also on the basis of sickle cell trait...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375905/double-chambered-right-ventricle-in-a-16-year-old-patient-with-williams-syndrome
#14
Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot
We present a case of double-chambered right ventricle diagnosed during preparation for colonoscopy due to gastrointestinal bleeding in a 16-year-old, mentally disabled boy with Williams syndrome. The patient was previously diagnosed with ventricular septal defect and mild pulmonary stenosis. Echocardiography performed under general anesthesia revealed hypertrophied muscular bundles in the right ventricle with the maximum gradient of 100 mmHg, causing severe outflow obstruction. This type of defect is extremely rare in patients with Williams syndrome, with only one case, which was diagnosed during invasive angiocardiography, described in world literature...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375904/chest-wall-a-structure-underestimated-in-ultrasonography-part-iii-neoplastic-lesions
#15
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz
Chest wall neoplasms mainly include malignancies, metastatic in particular. Differential diagnosis should include clinical data; tumor location, extent, delineation; the degree of homogeneity; the presence of calcifications; the nature of bone destruction and the degree of vascularization. The aim of the paper is to present both the benefits and limitations of ultrasound for the diagnosis of chest wall neoplasms. The neoplastic process may be limited to the chest wall; it may spread from the chest wall into the intrathoracic structures or spread from the inside of the chest towards the chest wall...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375903/chest-wall-underappreciated-structure-in-sonography-part-ii-non-cancerous-lesions
#16
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz
The chest wall is a vast and complex structure, hence the wide range of pathological conditions that may affect it. The aim of this publication is to discuss the usefulness of ultrasound for the diagnosis of benign lesions involving the thoracic wall. The most commonly encountered conditions include sternal and costal injuries and thoracic lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound is very efficient in identifying the etiology of pain experienced in the anterior chest wall following CPR interventions. Both available literature and the authors' own experience prompt us to propose ultrasound evaluation as the first step in the diagnostic workup of chest trauma, as it permits far superior visualization of the examined structures compared with conventional radiography...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375902/fine-needle-versus-core-needle-biopsy-which-one-to-choose-in-preoperative-assessment-of-focal-lesions-in-the-breasts-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Ewa Łukasiewicz, Agnieszka Ziemiecka, Wiesław Jakubowski, Jelena Vojinovic, Magdalena Bogucevska, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak
Aim: The aim of the study was to review two techniques that can be used to verify focal lesions in the breasts: fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy. Material and methods: Fifty-five articles (original papers and reviews), half of them published within the past 5 years, were included in the analysis. The authors also took their own experience into account. Results: Pre-operative assessment of focal lesions in the breasts is crucial in the planning of further therapeutic management...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375901/conjoined-twins-role-of-imaging-and-recent-advances
#18
Rishi Philip Mathew, Swati Francis, Ram Shenoy Basti, Hadihally B Suresh, Annie Rajarathnam, Prema D Cunha, Sujaya V Rao
Introduction: Conjoined twins are identical twins with fused bodies, joined in utero. They are rare complications of monochorionic twinning. The purpose of this study is to describe the various types of conjoined twins, the role of imaging and recent advances aiding in their management. Material and methods: This was a twin institutional study involving 3 cases of conjoined twins diagnosed over a period of 6 years from 2010 to 2015. All the 3 cases were identified antenatally by ultrasound...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375900/uterine-artery-doppler-velocimetry-in-hypertensive-disorder-of-pregnancy-in-nigeria
#19
Ibukun A Abidoye, Oluwagbemiga O Ayoola, Bukunmi M Idowu, Adeniyi S Aderibigbe, Olabisi M Loto
Aim of the study: To evaluate the value of uterine artery Doppler indices and waveform pattern in predicting fetuses at risk for intrauterine growth restriction in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Materials and methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study including 80 pregnant subjects with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and two control groups. Uterine artery Doppler sonography was performed in all study participants. Uterine artery Doppler indices across the groups were compared using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) while the presence of prediastolic notch was analyzed with the Chi Square test...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375899/high-resolution-ultrasonography-of-the-tibial-nerve-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#20
Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Sukhdeep Kaur
Aim of the study: High-resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve is a fast and non invasive tool for diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Our study was aimed at finding out the correlation of the cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerve with the presence and severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Material and methods: 75 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus clinically diagnosed with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analysed, and the severity of neuropathy was determined using the Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
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