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Journal of Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679735/fortuitous-diagnosis-of-full-stomach-made-by-using-ultrasonographic-examination-of-the-antrum-in-two-elective-patients
#1
Lionel Bouvet, Caroline Augris, Clémence Aubergy, Dominique Chassard
We report two cases of patients presenting for elective surgery, in whom significant gastric contents were identified by performing fortuitous ultrasound examination of their antral area. The first patient presented for a day-case surgery scheduled under regional anesthesia. With his consent, ultrasound examination of the antral area was by chance performed within the context of training for this technique, showing significant solid contents in the stomach. The patient admitted that he had not respected preoperative fasting...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679734/physiological-basis-in-the-assessment-of-myocardial-mechanics-using-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-2d-part-ii
#2
REVIEW
Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak
In this paper, the authors attempt to concisely present the anatomical and pathophysiological bases as well as the principles for echocardiographic evaluation of mechanical aspects of cardiac function based on speckle tracking method. This technique uses a phenomenon involving the formation of characteristic image units, referred to as speckles or acoustic markers, which are stable during cardiac cycle, on a two-dimensional echocardiographic picture. Changes in the position of these speckles throughout the cardiac cycle, which are monitored and analyzed semi-automatically by a computer system, reflect deformation of both, cardiac ventricle as a whole as well as its individual anatomical segments...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679733/internal-snapping-hip-syndrome-in-dynamic-ultrasonography
#3
REVIEW
Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek
Snapping hip syndrome is an audible or palpable snap in a hip joint during movement which may be accompanied by pain or locking. It is typically seen in young athletes performing activities requiring repeated extreme movements of the hip. It may also follow a physical trauma, intramuscular injections or surgeries. There are two main forms of snapping hip: extra- or intra-articular. Extra-articular snapping hip is elicited by an abnormal movement of specific tendons and is divided into two forms: internal and external...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679732/a-review-of-ultrasonographic-methods-for-the-assessment-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-in-patients-with-knee-instability-diagnostics-using-a-posterior-approach
#4
REVIEW
Tomasz Poboży, Maciej Kielar
AIM: The purpose of the study was to improve the ultrasonographic assessment of the anterior cruciate ligament by an inclusion of a dynamic element. The proposed functional modification aims to restore normal posterior cruciate ligament tension, which is associated with a visible change in the ligament shape. This method reduces the risk of an error resulting from subjectively assessing the shape of the posterior cruciate ligament. It should be also emphasized that the method combined with other ultrasound anterior cruciate ligament assessment techniques helps increase diagnostic accuracy...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679731/shear-wave-elastography-with-a-new-reliability-indicator
#5
REVIEW
Christoph F Dietrich, Yi Dong
Non-invasive methods for liver stiffness assessment have been introduced over recent years. Of these, two main methods for estimating liver fibrosis using ultrasound elastography have become established in clinical practice: shear wave elastography and quasi-static or strain elastography. Shear waves are waves with a motion perpendicular (lateral) to the direction of the generating force. Shear waves travel relatively slowly (between 1 and 10 m/s). The stiffness of the liver tissue can be assessed based on shear wave velocity (the stiffness increases with the speed)...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679730/is-a-fatty-pancreas-a-banal-lesion
#6
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
So far, a fatty pancreas has been related to obesity and the ageing processes in the body. The current list of pathogenetic factors of the condition is clearly extended with genetically conditioned diseases (cystic fibrosis, Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and Johanson-Blizzard syndrome), pancreatitis, especially hereditary and obstructive, metabolic and hormonal disorders (hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia and hypercortisolemia), alcohol overuse, taking some medicines (especially adrenal cortex hormones), disease of the liver and visceral adiposis...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679729/evaluation-of-the-utility-value-of-percutaneous-drainage-of-symptomatic-hepatic-cysts-combined-with-an-obliteration-attempt
#7
Grzegorz Ćwik, Justyna Wyroślak-Najs, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Wallner
AIM: The goal of the paper was to evaluate the procedure of percutaneous drainage of symptomatic hepatic cysts under the transabdominal ultrasound control combined with obliteration. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Within the period from 2005 to 2015, 70 patients diagnosed with a simple hepatic cyst of symptomatic nature were subject to hospitalization and treated at the 2(nd) General, Gastroenterological and Cancer Surgery of the Alimentary System Center and Clinics of the Medical University of Lublin...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679728/inter-rater-reliability-in-the-classification-of-supraspinatus-tendon-tears-using-3d-ultrasound-a-question-of-experience
#8
Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound of the shoulder is characterized by a comparable accuracy to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. No studies investigating 2D versus 3D inter-rater reliability in the detection of supraspinatus tendon tears taking into account the level of experience of the raters have been carried out so far. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in the analysis of 3D ultrasound image sets of the supraspinatus tendon between sonographer with different levels of experience...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679727/imaging-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-part-ii-ultrasonography-and-mri
#9
REVIEW
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the presence of synovitis, intraand extraarticular fat tissue to visualize signs of inflammation, hyaline cartilage, cartilaginous epiphysis and subchondral bone to detect cysts and erosions, and ligaments, tendons and their entheses for signs of enthesopathies and tendinopathies...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679726/imaging-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-part-i-clinical-classifications-and-radiographs
#10
REVIEW
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals at the developmental age. Radiography is the primary modality employed in the diagnostic imaging in order to identify changes typical of this disease entity and rule out other bone-related pathologies, such as neoplasms, posttraumatic changes, developmental defects and other forms of arthritis. The standard procedure involves the performance of comparative joint radiographs in two planes...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446605/charcot-arthropathy-in-ultrasound-examination-a-case-report
#11
Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska
This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or autoimmune arthritis, arthritis associated with gout as well as venous thrombosis and injury...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446604/ultrasound-imaging-as-the-basis-of-a-clinical-diagnosis-of-systemic-bartonellosis-in-a-patient-after-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-case-report
#12
Aleksandra Krasowska-Kwiecień, Jolanta Goździk, Magdalena Woźniak, Wojciech Czogała
Infections in immunocompromised patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have a severe and atypical course. Some opportunistic pathogens are difficult to detect in microbiological tests, and that is why treatment success depends on an accurate clinical diagnosis. This article presents a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe aplastic anemia treated with bone marrow transplantation with post-transplantation period complicated by persistent, hectic fever, with peak episodes of 39-40°C, lasting several weeks...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446603/mistakes-in-ultrasound-examination-of-salivary-glands
#13
REVIEW
Ewa J Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski
Ultrasonography is the first imaging method applied in the case of diseases of the salivary glands. The article discusses basic mistakes that can be made during an ultrasound examination of these structures. The reasons for these mistakes may be examiner-dependent or may be beyond their control. The latter may include, inter alia, difficult conditions during examination (technical or patient-related), similarity of ultrasound images in different diseases, the lack of clinical and laboratory data as well as the lack of results of other examinations, their insufficient number or incorrectness...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446602/standards-for-the-assessment-of-salivary-glands-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska
The paper is an update of 2011 Standards for Ultrasound Assessment of Salivary Glands, which were developed by the Polish Ultrasound Society. We have described current ultrasound technical requirements, assessment and measurement techniques as well as guidelines for ultrasound description. We have also discussed an ultrasound image of normal salivary glands as well as the most important pathologies, such as inflammation, sialosis, collagenosis, injuries and proliferative processes, with particular emphasis on lesions indicating high risk of malignancy...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446601/diagnostic-imaging-of-psoriatic-arthritis-part-ii-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-ultrasonography
#15
REVIEW
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń
Plain radiography reveals specific, yet late changes of advanced psoriatic arthritis. Early inflammatory changes are seen both on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound within peripheral joints (arthritis, synovitis), tendons sheaths (tenosynovitis, tendovaginitis) and entheses (enthesitis, enthesopathy). In addition, magnetic resonance imaging enables the assessment of inflammatory features in the sacroiliac joints (sacroiliitis), and the spine (spondylitis). In this article, we review current opinions on the diagnostics of some selective, and distinctive features of psoriatic arthritis concerning magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound and present some hypotheses on psoriatic arthritis etiopathogenesis, which have been studied with the use of magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446600/standards-in-neurosonology-part-iii
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak
The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446599/intra-abdominal-fat-part-iii-neoplasms-lesions-of-the-adipose-tissue
#17
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz
This article focuses on various cancerous lesions that are found beyond organs in the intra-abdominal fat and can be visualized with ultrasonography. These lesions are divided into five groups. The first group includes primary benign tumors containing adipocytes, such as lipoma, lipoblastoma, hibernoma and other lesions with an adipose tissue component, such as myolipoma, angiomyolipoma, myelolipoma and teratoma. The second group comprises primary malignant adipocytecontaining tumors, including liposarcoma and immature teratoma...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446598/physiological-basis-in-the-assessment-of-myocardial-mechanics-using-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-2d-part-i
#18
REVIEW
Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak
In this paper, the authors attempt to concisely present the anatomical and pathophysiological bases as well as the principles for echocardiographic evaluation of mechanical aspects of cardiac function based on speckle tracking method. This technique uses a phenomenon involving the formation of characteristic image units, referred to as speckles or acoustic markers, which are stable during cardiac cycle, on a two-dimensional echocardiographic picture. Changes in the position of these speckles throughout the cardiac cycle, which are monitored and analyzed semi-automatically by a computer system, reflect deformation of both, cardiac ventricle as a whole as well as its individual anatomical segments...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446597/usefulness-of-ultrasound-examination-in-the-evaluation-of-a-neonate-s-body-fluid-status
#19
Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak
UNLABELLED: Appropriate hydration is a very important prognostic factor for the patient's health. Ultrasonographic assessment of hydration status is rarely used in pediatric medicine and it is not used at all in neonates due to the fact that no reference values have been established for this age group. The aim of the paper was to establish reference values for neonates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life)...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446596/introduction-to-ultrasound-elastography
#20
REVIEW
Andrzej Nowicki, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak
For centuries tissue palpation has been an important diagnostic tool. During palpation, tumors are felt as tissues harder than the surrounding tissues. The significance of palpation is related to the relationship between mechanical properties of different tissue lesions. The assessment of tissue stiffness through palpation is based on the fact that mechanical properties of tissues are changing as a result of various diseases. A higher tissue stiffness translates into a higher elasticity modulus. In the 90's, ultrasonography was extended by the option of examining the stiffness of tissue by estimating the difference in backscattering of ultrasound in compressed and non-compressed tissue...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
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